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Paper 1 and Paper 2

Q.1. Are public organizations different from business organizations? Please answer your
question in view of the concepts, approaches and values of public administration in a
society. Support your answer with relevant practices of Public Administration.
Q.2. Budgeting is an important aspect of public organizations, discuss its role, types and
process with special focus on financial accountability and performance in public sector
Q.3. Change is inevitable for contemporary organizations, discuss its importance with
reference to administrative reform introduced around the world including Pakistan. Support
your view with relevant examples.
Q.4. Define the term Good Governance and its salient features. To what extent do you
think the existing bureaucratic structure of Pakistani public organizations facilitate or impede
the practice of the concept in public sector organizations?
Q.5. What is meant by Decision Making? Define the process of making decisions in public
sector organizations. Identify major issues and challenges in public sector Decision Making
and implementation using Pakistani public organizations as a case in point.
Q.6. Define the term Motivation and its key process. Discuss major issues and challenges
in Public Service Motivation as discussed in the literature with specific reference to Pakistan
and suggest ways to enhance motivation level of employees in public sector organizations.
Q.7. Discuss importance of inter-governmental relations for effective governance, critically
evaluate the role of local government in this regard. Support your view with relevant
Q.8. Civil Society organizations are viewed as partners in the process of development,
discuss their role and importance in developing countries using a good governance
Q.1. Balancing autonomy and control of autonomous public organizations is one of the
major issues of public management. Discuss this issue with reference to federal public
sector organizations operating in various policy sectors.
Q.2. Assess and evaluate the functioning of National Finance Commission to effectively
address the issues related inter-governmental relations in Pakistan. Suggest measure to
improve its performance.
Q.3. Critically evaluate the major public management reform initiative taken by federal and

provincial governments in the last two decades.

Q.4. Discuss the role of international institutions in development policy and management in
the context of Pakistan.
Q.5. Sate-owned enterprises are currently viewed as a burden on the treasury of Pakistan.
Do you think privatization of major SoEs is the only solution? Illustrate your view with
relevant examples.
Q.6. Inefficiency and corruption are two major issues of public governance and
administration in Pakistan. How can these issues be addressed through reforming financial
administrative system of Pakistan?
Q.7. Does gender matter in the career progression of civil servants in Pakistan? Please
discuss with specific examples.
Q.8. Critically evaluate the present system of local government in Punjab, discuss key issues
and challenges and suggest ways for improvement of the system.
Q.1. Compare and contrast Traditional Public Administration with New Public Management
as two distinct approaches to managing the public affairs. Support your views with
examples from practice of public administration.
Q.2. A public organization may be viewed as a rational system designed to achieve its
predetermined goals and objectives to serve the public interest. Would you prescribe to this
view? Answer this question drawing on competing theoretical perspectives in organizational
Q.3. What is an ideal model of policy process in a democratic system? Discuss and explain
the role of civil bureaucracy in this process.
Q.4. Budgeting has a very significant role in public administration. The budget is viewed as
a policy as well as management tool. However, there are various types of budgeting which
can be practiced by government. Discuss and compare these types of budgeting in term of
their effectiveness as a tool of public management.
Q.5. discuss Human Resource Management as a distinct approach to managing people in
contemporary organizations. Do you think this approach is equally applicable to public and
business organization?
Q.6. what is good governance? Do you think the concept and principles of good governance
as discussed in the literature and professional practice of public administration are relevant
to developing countries like Pakistan?
Q.7. critically review the role of privatization as an approach to administrative reforms to

improve public sector management in the developing countries.

Q.8. What is development? Discuss the role of public organization in development with
particular reference to developing countries.
Q.1. PEMRA is a regulatory authrority and its functions are different from other
departmnets. Discuss this statement and heighlight the advantages and disadvantages of a
regulatory authority . what steps should be taken to improve the working of regulatory
Q.2. What do you understand by the National Fianance Commision Award? Discuss the
structure and functions of national finance Commision . suggest ways and means to improve
its effectiveness.
Q.3. Inter-departmantal coordination is a big issue in alla public organizations of the world.
Discuss this issue in the context of our public organizations , give examples from eceryday
life. As a cicil servant how will you try to improve the inter-departmental coordination?
Q.4. if you want public organization to be successful, you will have to listen to the system
, listen to employee and listen to the client/customer. How would you improve the
system, how would you incorporate the ideas of employees, and how would you respond to
the clients to make your organization a success.
Q.5. Media is said to be the fourth pillar of the state, sometime its role is not so positive
and some international influence seems obvious. Discuss the positive and negative role of
the media on policy formulation and function of the public organizations.
Q.6. In certain areas local government perform better than bureaucracy. Identify such areas
and highlight why local government can perform better than bureaucracy in these areas.
Suggest ways and means to further strengthen the local government in our country.
Q.7. Public organizations, in our country, operate under some specific laws, rules and
regulations. It has been observed that these rules become outdated with the passage of
time. There is little initiative to change, modify or improve these rules. Discuss the reasons
why these rules and regulations keep pace with changing times?
Q.8. Discuss the structure and functions of Punjab Ombudsman office. What advantages we
have in an ombudsman as compared to courts? What can we do further improve the