Module 1 Year 5

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Module 1- Living Things
SECTION A
Answer all questions. Every question is followed by four answer A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer. Then, blacken your answer on the answer sheet provided. The suggested time for this section is 45 minutes. If you are unable to answer a question, proceed to the next question. 1 Some microorganisms were added to a mixture of flour and warm water. After a while, the dough rises.

What causes it to rise? A B C D 2 The flour melts The warm water expands The microorganisms breathe The warm water makes the flour expand

The diagram below shows a microorganism, that is called .............

A B C D

virus bacteria protozoa fungi

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3

Which of the following device is used to observe microorganisms? A C

B

D

4

What must you do when you cough? A B C D Use your hand to cover your mouth Go to crowded place Sleep late at night Take painkillers

5

The picture below shows an animal.

How does the animal above ensure the survival of its young? A B C D Stay in herds Fight with its enemies Hide the young in its mouth Carry the young in the pouch

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6 The information below shows the reproducing process of an animal.

• • •

The mother lays eggs on the beach The eggs hatch by themselves The newborn move to the sea

Based on the information above, which of the following animal is being referred to ? A B C D 7 Frog Crab Turtle Lizard

The diagram below shows a fruit.

What is the dispersal agent for the fruit above ? A B C D Wind Water Animal Explosive mechanism

8

The diagram below shows two type of fruits.

Which of the following uses the same way of dispersal as for the fruits above? A B C D Lalang Water lily Lovegrass Flame of the fores

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9

The information below shows the characteristics of a fruit.

• •

Dry when ripe Fruit splits and explodes when mature

What is the dispersal agent for this fruit ? A B C D 10 Wind Water Animal Explosive mechanism

The diagram shows a seed of plant.

The seeds of which other plants are dispersed in the same way as the above seed ? A B C D Lotus Rubber Clamatis Love grass

11

Which of the following animals does not take care of its young ? A C

B D

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How do birds ensure the survival of their species ? I II III IV A B C D Build their nests on trees. Feed their young. Carry their young on their backs. Bury their eggs in the sand. I and II only I and III only II and III only II and IV only

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Which of the following is not true about the way the animal protect its eggs ?

ANIMAL A B C D Mosquito Cockroach Snail Turtle

WAY TO PROTECT ITS EGGS Lays eggs in stagnant water Lays eggs in hidden places Lays eggs in the soil Hides eggs in the sand

14

Which of the following animal carries its egg underneath it body ?

A

C

B

D

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15

The diagram below shows love grass seed.

X

What is the function of the part lebelled X ? A B C D To absorb water and air. To help the seeds to float on water. To help the seeds to stay afloat in air. To stick onto the fur or body of animals.

16

Which of the following food chain is correct ? A Paddy plant B Paddy plant C Paddy plant D Paddy plant bird fox mouse grasshopper grasshopper snake eagle bird snake hen cow snake

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Which of the following statements is not true ? A B C D All green plants are producers. Food chain always begin with green plant. An organism can belong to more than one food chain. Consumers are organisms that can make their own food.

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The diagram below shows a food chain.

X

Which of the following animals can represent X ? I II III A B C D frog snake eagle I only II only I and II only II and III only

Questions 19 – 20 are based on the food web shown.

grasshopper Paddy plant caterpillar mouse 19

frog bird snake

How many food chains involve in the food web above? A B C D 3 4 5 6

20

Snake gets energy from A B C D grasshopper paddy plant caterpillar bird

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21

Microorganism is a... A B C D living thing that has wings. living thing that lives in water. small living thing that can be seen with the naked eye. very tiny living thing that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

22

Which of the following is not a microorganism? A B C D Mumps Virus Bacteria Protozoa

23

The following figure shows a food chain.

Paddy plant

Which of the following represents P and Q?

P A B C D Caterpillar Chicken Mouse Bird

Q Grasshopper Mouse Snake Frog

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Which of the following is a microorganism? A C

B

D

25

The picture below shows four types of seeds. I II

III

IV

Which are the seeds dispersed by animals? A B C D II only I and II only II and III only II, III and IV only

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26

The informations given below are statements about the characteristics of animals. • • Lay a lot of eggs Make a nest for laying eggs Feed the young with milk

The above statements are related to A reproduction. B growth. C conservation. D survival. 27 The diagram shows the observation on a slice of mouldy bread on certain days.

Day 1

Day 5

Day 9

Day 12

What conclusion can be made from the observation above? A B C D The mould grows. The mould moves. The mould breathes. The mould responses to stimuli.

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28 The following pictures show two types of plant seeds dispersed by animals.

Which of the following characteristics helps in dispersing the plant seeds? A Attractive colour B Good taste C Have hooks D Small in size

29

Which of the following ways can prevent diseases caused by microorganisms from spreading? I II III IV A B C D Cover up open wounds Cover the mouth when coughing Wash hands after using the toilet Wash hands before handling foodstuff I, II and III only I, III and IV only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV

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30

Which of the following diseases are caused by microorganisms? I ll

lll

A B C D

I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

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Section B Answer all the questions A. Complete the diagram below with the correct answer.

1. 1. 1.

Way of plant dispersal 2. 4.

4 4.4

3.

( 4 marks )

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B. The diagram below shows a food web in a paddy field.

Grasshopper

Paddy

sparrow

frog

Rat

snake

eagle

Make 4 food chain based on the food web.

1. ....................................................................................................................................... 2. ......................................................................................................................................

3. .......................................................................................................................................

4 ...................................................................................................................................... ( 4 marks )

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C. Tick ( / ) for the true statement and ( X ) for the false statement. 1 2 3 Microorganisms are living things that are very tiny. There are three ways for animals to ensure the survival of their species. [ [ ] ] ] ]

Crocodiles always carry their young on their backs in order to protect their young from enemies. [ [

4 Dispersal means scattering or distributing the seeds for germination. D. Fill in the blanks with correct answers.

( 4 marks )

Food chain

bacteria

Take care

cockroaches

elephants

fungi

Food web

feed

move

herbivores

mango

air

1

.................................. can be found on mouldy bread, rotten food, trees and forest floors

2 3

Microorganisms does not have legs, but they are able to .................................. Food turns bad because of ................................ and fungi.

4 5

Microorganisms can also spread through the ............................. ........................................ lay eggs and hide them in dark places such as in the cupboard.

6 7 8

Bird ................................ their young until the young can fly out of the nest to find their own food. These seeds and fruits are dispersed by animal : ........................................... A relationship between the producers and consumers are known as a ........................................... ( 8 marks )

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Section C Answer all questions 1. The graph below shows the number of turtles found in Rantau Abang from year 2002 to year 2006.
500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Number of turtles found

Year

a.

What is the aim of the fair test? ............................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................... ( 1 marks )

b.

In this fair test, i. ii. what to change ..................................................................... what to measure : .............................................................. ( 2 marks )

c.

State the trend for the number of turtles found. .............................................................................................................. ( 1 marks )

d.

What can you conclude from the fair test. ............................................................................................................... ( 1 marks )

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2. Hafiz carried out a study to find out the relationship between sources of food and the numbers of consumers. The study involved sparrows and grasshoppers in the paddy field.

The observations are recorded in the following table. Number of sparrows Number of grasshoppers a) State the aim of investigation. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) b) What is the trend of change in number of grasshoppers? ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) c) Predict the numbers of a grasshopper if the numbers of sparrows is 10. ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) d) What is the conclusion can you make based on the observations? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) e) State one other animal that can be found at paddy field. ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) 2 50 4 40 6 30 8 20

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3. The following table shows the numbers of orang utans found in a jungle.

Year Number of orang utans

1998 100

2000 90

2002 80

2004 70

2006

a)

Based on the investigation, state the following that is :

i)

changed ( manipulated variable)

_________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) ii) measured (responding variable)

__________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) iii) kept the same ? (fixed variable) ( 1 mark ) b) Predict the numbers of orang utan in 2006? __________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) c) What is the trend in the number of orang utan in the table above? ______________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

( 1 mark )

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4. Figure 2 shows a food chain.

FIGURE 2 a) Using the food chain in Figure 2, state two reasons why the number of frogs decreases? 1. _______________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) b) Predict the number of snakes if the number of eagles increases in the food chain. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark )

c)

Using the food web above, construct two food chains. 1. 2. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________

( 2 marks )

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