1. Which of the following is the properly rounded mean for the given data? 7, 8, 13, 9, 10, 11
A) 
10 
B) 
9.7 
C) 9.67 
D) 
9 

Ans: B 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
4 
B) 
6 
C) 
7 
D) 
8 

Ans: C 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
3 
B) 
4 
C) 
5 
D) 
6 

Ans: C 
Difficulty: 
Easy 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
7 
B) 
8 
C) 
1 
D) 
14 

Ans: A 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
4.0 
B) 
6.0 
C) 
7.0 
D) 
8.0 

Ans: C 
Difficulty: 
Easy 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
8 
B) 
9 
C) 
10 
D) 
12 

Ans: B 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
23 
B) 
24 
C) 
26 
D) 
28 

Ans: B 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.1 
8. Find the mean, mode, median, and midrange for the following data set. 12, 15, 18, 18, 15, 22, 15, 30, 12 Ans: mean = 17.4 mode = 15 median = 15 midrange = 21.0 Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.1
Page 28
Chapter 3
9. Find the mean of the following set of values. 3, 10, 8, 6, 8 Ans: 7.0
Difficulty: Easy
Section: 3.1
10. Find the median of the following data set. 6, 13, 10, 9, 6
Ans: 
9 

Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.1 



6, 
7, 
4, 
5, 3, 7, 4 

A) 
3 
B) 
4 C) 5 
D) 
7 

Ans: C 
Difficulty: 
Moderate 
Section: 3.1 



Ans: False 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
6.0 
B) 
8.6 C) 
10.0 
D) 
13.4 

Ans: B 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
12 
B) 
16 C) 14 
D) 
18 

Ans: B 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.1 



A) 
8 
B) 
12 C) 10 
D) 
14 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.1 
16. Find the mean of the following data set. 8, 10, 10, 10, 8, 14 Ans: 10.0 Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.1
17. Find the median of the following data set. 7, 9, 9, 9, 7, 13 Ans:
9
Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.1
Page 29
Chapter 3
18. If a distribution is negatively skewed as shown in the figure below, the mean will fall to the right of the median and the mode will fall to the left of the median.
Ans: False Difficulty: Difficult Section: 3.1
19. In a unimodal, symmetrical distribution as shown in the figure below,
A) the mean is the same as the median, but the mode can be different.
B) the mean, the median, and the mode are the same.
C) the median and the mode are the same, but the mean can be different.
D) the mean, the median, and the mode are different.
Ans: B
Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.1
20. Find the weighted mean for a particular student's scores on three exams if the first one was worth 75 points and the student received a score of 70%, the second was worth 50 points and the student received a score of 80%, and the third was worth 30 points and the student received a score of 95%? Ans: 78.1 Difficulty: Difficult Section: 3.1
Page 30
Chapter 3
21. A student received the following grades last semester. Find the student's semester grade point average.
Course Credits 
Grade/Points 

Statistics 
4 
A / 4.0 

Physics 
5 
B / 3.0 

Sociology 
3 
B / 3.0 

Literature 
2 
B / 3.0 

Tennis 
1 
D / 1.0 

A) 
3.00 B) 3.47 
C) 3.24 D) 3.12 

Ans: B Difficulty: Difficult Section: 3.1 



A) 
variable B) mode 
C) statistic D) parameter 
Ans: D Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.1
23. A weighted mean is used when the values of the data set are not all equally represented. Ans: True Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.1
24. The median can be a more appropriate measure of central tendency if the distribution of the data is extremely skewed. Ans: True Difficulty: Moderate Section: 3.1
25. A
______________
is the midpoint in a data array.
Ans: median Difficulty: Moderate Section: 3.1
26. The
________________
is the mode for grouped data.
Ans: modal class Difficulty: Moderate Section: 3.1
27. The variance of a data set is the square root of the standard deviation. Ans: False Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2
28. The range of a data set is the difference between the highest value and the lowest value. Ans: True Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2
29. Chebyshev's theorem can be used to find the minimum percentage of the values in a data set that will fall within a certain distance of the mean. Ans: True Difficulty: Moderate Section: 3.2
Page 31
Chapter 3
30. The coefficient of variation for a data set is the mean divided by the standard deviation, expressed as a percentage. Ans: False Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2
31. The _______________
and
are two measures of variation used to
______________
describe the spread of the data in a data set. Ans: Choose two of the following three: variance, standard deviation, and range.
Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2
32. identifies a minimum percentage of the data points that fall within a
_______________ certain distance of the mean, and it applies to any distribution regardless of its shape.
Ans: Chebyshev's theorem Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2
33. A distribution in which approximately 68% of the data values fall within one standard deviation of the mean behaves according to
A)
the empirical rule.
B)
a symmetrical distribution.
Ans: A
Difficulty: Easy
Section: 3.2
C)
D)
a boxplot. differential statistics.
34. The mean. Ans: variance Difficulty: Moderate
______________
is the average of the squares of the distance each value is from the
Section: 3.2
35. Determine the range for the following data set. 4, 7, 3, 16, 5, 22, 8

B) 
3 
C) 
14 
D) 
19 
Ans: D 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 
36. Determine the range for the following data set. 7, 13, 11, 9, 21 A)
7
B)
11
C)
14
D)
Ans: C
Difficulty: Easy
21
Section: 3.2
37. What is the range of the set of values 5, 8, 3, 9, and 17.

B) 
8 
C) 
20 
D) 
14 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 




B) 
15 
C) 
9 
D) 
12 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 
Page 32
Chapter 3
39. The range of the following data set is _______.
6, 2, 11, 21, 9 

Ans: 19 

Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 



85, 
76, 
93, 
82, 84, 
90, 
75 

A) 
76 
B) 
9 
C) 11 
D) 
18 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 



A) 
1.10 
B) 
1.44 C) 
1.20 
D) 0.60 

Ans: A 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 



A) 
0.6 
B) 
0.3 C) 0.1 
D) 
2.1 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 



A) 
70.6 
B) 
2.1 C) 
17.6 
D) 33.6 

Ans: A Difficulty: Easy 
Section: 3.2 





A) 
0.12 
B) 
12% 
C) 8.33 
D) 833% 

Ans: B Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.2 



Ans: True 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.2 



A) 
0.50 
B) 0.13 C) 
1.00 
D) 0.25 

Ans: D 
Difficulty: Difficult 
Section: 3.2 
48. The interquartile range IQR is found by subtracting the mean from the maximum value of a data set. Ans: False Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.3
Page 33
Chapter 3
49. The percentile corresponding to a given data value X is computed by adding the 0.5 to number of values less than X then dividing by the total number of values in the data set. Ans: True Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.3
50. divide a distribution into four groups, and __________
______________
divide a
distribution into ten groups.
Ans: Quartiles; deciles
Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.3
51. are either extremely high or extremely low data values compared with
______________
the rest of the data.
Ans: Outliers
Difficulty: Easy Section: 3.3
52. Which of the following is true?
A)
D
= P = Q
555
B)
D
50
= P
5
= Q
25
C)
Ans: C
Difficulty: Easy
Section: 3.3
DPQ
5
=
50
=
2
D)
D
= P
= Q
5052
53. If a student scored 82 points on a test where the mean score was 78.2 and the standard deviation was 3.7. The student's z score is _______. A) 21.14 Ans: D
B) 22.16 
C) 0.28 
D) 
1.03 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.3 
54. Indicate which student has the higher z score.
Art Major
X = 46
Theater Major X = 70
_{X} _{=} _{5}_{0}_{.}_{5}
_{X} _{=} _{7}_{5}_{.}_{1}
s = 5.2
s = 7.3
A)
B)
C)
D)
The art major has a higher score than the theater major.
The theater major has a higher score than the art major.
Both students have the same score.
Neither student received a positive score; therefore, the higher score cannot be
determined.
Ans: B
Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.3
55. A baseball player has a batting average of 0.325 each week of the season, with a standard deviation of 0.065. What is the z score when he bats 0.410 one week? A) 1.308 Ans: A
B) 0.410 
C) 0.325 
D) 1.275 
Difficulty: Moderate 
Section: 3.3 
56. If a student scored 75 points on a test where the mean score was 78.5 and the standard deviation was 5.1. The student's z score is ________. A) 15.39 Ans: D
B) 0.13
C) –0.13
Difficulty: Moderate
D) –0.69
Section: 3.3
Page 34
Chapter 3
57. Using the table below, what grade would a student who ranked in the 50th percentile
Page 35
Chapter 3
62. Make a boxplot for the following data set. 24, 15, 34, 92, 68, 34, 78, 45, 53, 67, 83, 46 Ans:
(15, 34, 49.5, 73, 92)
Difficulty: Difficult Section: 3.4
63. The size of the box in a boxplot shows the
of the data set.
____________________
A) difference between the mean and the median
B) variance
C) skewness
D) interquartile range
Ans: D
Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.4
64. Given the following boxplot where m is the median value, what statement could be made about the distribution of the data?
A) The distribution is approximately symmetric.
B) The distribution is positively skewed.
C) The distribution is negatively skewed.
D) The data are nominal and consequently can not be identified as symmetric or skewed.
Ans: A
Difficulty: Moderate
Section: 3.4
Page 36