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'T' Drill Test

Fitness Test
Speed Training
TOPICS

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which
subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the
analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

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Objective

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To monitor the development of the athlete's speed with directional change.

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Flat non-slip surface


Four cones
Stopwatch
Assistant

Howtoconductthetest
This test requires the athlete to touch a series of cones set out in T shape
whilst side stepping and running as fast as possible.
The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
The assistant places 3 cones 5 metres apart on a straight line (A, B, C)
and a 4th cone (D) is placed 10 metres from the middle cone (B) so that
the 4 cones form a 'T'.
The athlete stands at the cone (D) at the base of the T facing the T
The assistant gives the signal to 'Go', starts the stopwatch and the
athlete commences the test
The athlete runs to and touches the middle cone (B) , side steps 5
metres to the left cone (A) and touches it, side step 10 metres to the far
cone (C) and touches it, side step 5 metres back to the middle cone (B)
and touches it and then runs 10 metres backwards to the base of the 'T'
and touches that cone (D)
The coach stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete
touches the cone at the base of the T

Assessment
[1]

The following table, adapted from Hoffman(1961)


athletes.

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Excellent

Above Average

Average

Below Average

Poor

<10.01
secs

10.01 - 10.13
secs

10.13 - 10.37
secs

10.37 - 10.67
secs

>10.67
secs

For an evaluation of the athlete's speed enter the "Time" and then select the
'Calculate' button.

Brain Test
Meter Test

Time
Calculate
seconds

feet/sec

mph

m/sec

Km/hr

Analysis
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is
expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would
indicate an improvement in the athlete's speed.

TargetGroup
This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test
would be contraindicated.

Reliability
Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in
measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how
strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform
the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the
results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it
claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and
decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful.
This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's
physical development.

Advantages
Minimal equipment required
Simple to set up and conduct
Can be conducted almost anywhere

Disadvantages
Assistant required to administer the test

References
1. HOFFMAN, J. (2014) Physiological aspects of sport training and
performance. Human Kinetics, UK

RelatedReferences
The following references provide additional information on this topic:
LOCKIE, R. G. et al. (2014) The Effects of Traditional and Enforced
Stopping Speed and Agility Training on Multidirectional Speed and
Athletic Function. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28
(6), p. 1538-1551

PageReference
If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for
this page is:
MACKENZIE, B. (2000) 'T' Drill Test [WWW] Available from:
https://www.brianmac.co.uk/tdrill.htm [Accessed 30/10/2016]

RelatedPages
The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic:
Articles on Performance Evaluation
Evaluation and Performance Tests

AdditionalSourcesofInformation
For further information on this topic see the following:
BEASHEL, P. and TAYLOR, J. (1996) Advanced Studies in Physical
Education and Sport. UK: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
BEASHEL, P. and TAYLOR, J. (1997) The World of Sport Examined. UK:
Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
BIZLEY, K. (1994) Examining Physical Education. Oxford; Heinemann
Educational Publishers
DAVIS, B. et al. (2000) Physical Education and the Study of Sport. UK:
Harcourt Publishers Ltd.
GALLIGAN, F. et al. (2000) Advanced PE for Edexcel. Oxford;
Heinemann Educational Publishers
McARDLE, W. et al. (2000) Essentials of Exercise Physiology. 2nd ed.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
CHU, D. (1996) Explosive Power and Strength. USA; Human Kinetics
Publishers, Inc.

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