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Advanced Trigonometry (1)

Past Paper 1

IBSL
1.

Two functions f and g are defined as follows:


f ( x ) = cos x ,

0 x 2

g ( x) = 2 x 1 ,

Solve the equation ( g o f )( x) = 0.

[May 99]

2.

Solve the equation 3cos x = 5sin x, for x in the interval 0 x 360, giving your answer to the nearest
degree.
[May 00]

3.

If A is an obtuse angle in a triangle and sin A =

4.

Given that sin =

5.

5
, calculate the exact value of sin 2A.
13

1
3
and 0 360,
, cos
2
2

(a)

find the value of ;

(b)

write down the exact value of tan .

[Nov 00]

f (x) = 4 sin 3 x .
2

For what values of k will the equation f (x) = k have no solutions?

6.

[May 00]

[Nov 00]

(a) Write the expression 3 sin2 x + 4 cos x in the form a cos2 x + b cos x + c.
(b) Hence or otherwise, solve the equation
3 sin2 x + 4 cos x 4 = 0,

7.

0 x 90.

[May 01]

The graph of a function of the form y = a cos bx is given in the diagram below. (Note that the angle is
expressed in radians.)

ondok Indah Plaza I Blok UA No.41 Jakarta


Phone : 7514251,0816930718

Advanced Trigonometry (1)

Past Paper 1

IBSL

Determine the values of a and b.


8.

[Nov 01]

x
, for 0 x < m , and 0 y < n , where x is in radians
3

The diagram below shows the graph of y = x sin


and m and n are integers.

Find the value of

9.

(a)

m;

(b)

n.

[Nov 01]

The depth, y metres, of sea water in a bay t hours after midnight may be represented by the function

2 t
, where a, b and k are constants.
k
The water is at a maximum depth of 14.3 m at midnight and noon, and is at a minimum depth of 10.3 m at
06:00 and at 18:00 .
y = a + b cos

Write down the value of

10.

(a)

a;

(b)

b;

(c)

k.

Consider the function f : x


(a)

[Nov 01]

arcsin (3x).

For this function to be defined, a 3x a . Find the maximum value of a .

Use this value of a in parts (b) and (c).


(b)

Find the domain of f .

(c)

The range of f may be written as b y b . Find the value of b .

[Nov 01]

ondok Indah Plaza I Blok UA No.41 Jakarta


Phone : 7514251,0816930718

Advanced Trigonometry (1)

Past Paper 1

IBSL

11.

Let f (x) = sin 2x and g(x) = sin(0.5x).


(a)

Write down
(i) the minimum value of the function f ;
(ii) the period of the function g.

(b)

Consider the equation f (x) = g(x) .


Find the number of solutions to this equation, for 0 x

3
.
2

[May 02]

12.

Consider the following statements.

(c)

A:

log10 (10x) > 0.

B:

0.5 cos (0.5x) 0.5 .

C:

arctan x
.
2
2

Determine which statements are true for all real numbers x. Write your answers (yes or no) in the table
below.
Statement

(a) Is the statement true for all


real numbers x ? (Yes / No)

(b) If not true, example

A
B
C
(d)

If a statement is not true for all x, complete the last coloumn by giving an example of one value of x for
which the statement is false.
[May 02]

13.

Given that sin x =

1
, where x is an acute angle, find the exact value of
3

(a) cos x ;
(b) cos 2x .

14.

[Nov 02]

Consider the trigonometric equation 2 sin2 x = 1 + cos x.


(a)

Write this equation in the form f (x) = 0, where f (x) = a cos2 x + b cos x + c , and a, b, c Z.

(b)

Factorize f (x).

(c)

Solve f (x) = 0 for 0 x 360.

[Nov 02]

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Phone : 7514251,0816930718

Advanced Trigonometry (1)

Past Paper 1

IBSL

Answers
1.

2
3

12. (a), (b)

4
3

2.

31 or 211

3.

120
169

4.

(a) 150

5.

k 4, k 4

6.

(a) 3 cos x 4 cos x 3


a = 30, b = 4
(a) 10
(b) 6
(a) 12.3
(b) 2

7.
8.
9.

10. (a) 1
11. (a) (i) 1

1
(b) 3
2

(b) 0, 70.5

(b) 13 x 31
(ii) 4

(c) 12
(c) 2

13. (a) 2 3 2
(b) 79
14. (a) 2 cos 2 x cos x 1 0
(b) (2 cos x 1)(cos x 1)

(c) 60, 180, 300

(b) 4

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Phone : 7514251,0816930718