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NITROGEN OXIDES

Method – Colorimetric, Indian Standard [IS: 5182 (Part – VI)]
Principle
Nitrogen oxides as nitrogen dioxide are collected by bubbling air through a sodium
hydroxide solution to form a stable solution of sodium nitrite. The nitrite ion produced
during sampling is determined colorimetrically by reacting the exposed absorbing reagent
with phosphoric acid, sulphanilamide, and n (1- naphthyl) ethylinediamine dihydro
chloride.
Reagents
1. Absorbing Solution: - Dissolve 4.0 gm of sodium hydroxide in distilled water and
dilute to 1.0 litre.
2. Sulphanilamide: - Dissolve 20 gm of sulphanilamide in 700 ml of distilled water. Add
with mixing 50 ml of concentrated phosphoric acid (85%) and dilute to 1.0 litre. This
solution is stable for a month if regrigerated.

3. NEDA Solution: - Dissolve 0.5 gm of N (1 – naphthy) ethylenediamine dihydrochloride
in 100 ml of distilled water. This solution is stable for a month if regrigerated and
protected from light.

4. Hydrogen Peroxide: - Dilute 0.2 ml of 30% hydrogen peroxide to 250 ml with distilled
water. This solution may be used for a month if protected from light.

5. Standard Nitrite Solution: - Dissolve sufficient desiccated sodium nitrite (assay of 97%
or greater) and dilute with distilled water to 1 litre so that a solution containing 100 ug
NO2/ml is obtained. The amount of sodium nitrite to use is calculated as follows:G = 1.500 / A x 100
Where,
G
1.500

= Amount in gm of sodium nitrite
= Gravimetric factor in converting NO2 into sodium nitrite