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Assignment 2

‘Act- 341’
Name: Md. Johirul Islam
Id: 1320407030
Faculty: Ahu
Section:

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The process of working on my first research paper is quite long and arduous –and it is
certainly not done single handedly. In the accomplishment of this research successfully many
people have been best owned upon me their blessings and heart pledged support, and this
time I am utilizing to thank all the people who have been concerned with this research.
At first and foremost I want to express my sincere gratitude and the warmest appreciation my
respectful faculty, Mrs.Deena Forkan (DF) for responding to all my needs and queries with
all her patience and without whom it was quite an impossible to complete this research report
successfully. In the beginning I got nervous to have the research work for the first time but
her well arrangement of the home assignments related to research paper has made the
completion of the whole research very easy within time.
I am also grateful to my other fellow mates in class and my other respondents whose support
instigated me greatly to carry on with the report and people who gave their time to fill out the
questionnaire by sharing their views. Lastly, this is also dedicated to my parents, who
contributed their assistance and utmost cooperation in various phases of completion of this
research.
Thus my sincere appreciation to the anonymous referees for their useful suggestions to
complete the research report in every possible way.

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especially in Dhaka. The fraud beggars who deceive people by pretending cripple or disable. Even now the real beggars are being deprived of the help they need. They are on every street. On the other hand category 2 and 3 are creating syndication of the concept of ‘beggary’. At the end it suggested some initiatives to tackle the beggar’s mafia and the fraud beggars.Abstract Beggars are part of daily life in Bangladesh. The beggars who are compelled to beg and are the victim of disfiguration of their body for earning more money for the mafia groups. present beggars may fall into three categories 1. Both of the groups have made it a commercial business and general people are deceived everyday by them. The real poor people victimizing by poverty or any accidents. 3. This paper also tried to identify the masterminds who are engaged with this ruthless trade. A vested syndicate is involved in this heinous activity. 2. The research attempts to investigate the malicious business at the back of begging in Bangladesh. Overall it describes the importance of this issue to be handled by government and the necessity of enforcing strict laws against this syndication. Table of Content 3 . This syndication not only includes deceiving people but also the abduction of thousands of children or poor people every year from the countryside for disfiguring them barbarically and forcing them to beg on commission of salary basis. Millions of dollars of general people are accumulated to their hand every year.

5 Introduction 6 Research Areas Hypothesis 7 7 Methodology Data Presentation & Analysis 8 25 Summary of Research Findings 27 Recommendation 28 Conclusion 28 Limitation Reference 29 Introduction Dhaka. do visit this city on daily basis and introduce this city as 4 . the capital city of Bangladesh. is a city of 12 million people and world’s 11th most populated city and expected to reach 20 million to be the world’s 3rd largest city (World Bank 2006). hundreds and thousands of people. apart from rural migrants. Because of having centralized administrative system.

Out of these vast population of beggars a great portion were abducted and maimed when they were young. Their job is only to solicit pity and beg from people. people living in this city are irritated facing the street beggars. Research Areas Q1. In the past begging used to be the reflection of the poverty of the poor. but also targets disabled people such as blind. Among many problems of this over populated city. Now many people are forced to beg and some are willingly to beg even they are ably to earn money and some people are forced to beg.‘megacity’ to the world.Who are involved in this syndication process? 5 . They do not only recruit the poor. At the end of the day many of these beggars have to hand all the alms and charities they have earned from kind people to the beggar mafia leaders in exchange of a shelter or morsels of stale food or perhaps for free drugs and alcohols. And among them a significant amount is children. But today begging is like a business and truly it’s a profitable business. Q2.000 in rural areas of Bangladesh and 100.Who are the main victims of beggar syndication? Ans: Poor & homeless people are the main victim of beggar syndication.000 only in Dhaka city. who are believed to be more than 300. deaf and cripple.

they have taken begging as their profession to earn easy money. a significant amount of beggar population is forced to beg or is deformed to beg. Apart from this. Beggars are trained to learn how to choose the most appropriate place to begin. And a large number of beggars who are able to gain solvency.Ans: Researchers found that there is a strong mafia behind the beggars.What is the mechanism of this syndication process? Ans: The executors intentionally impair healthy children in various cruel methods and forced them to get into beggary. A vested syndicate is involved in this heinous activity. This mafia groups are powered by some corrupted political leaders and underworld power having syndicated link with their Indian counter parts for cross-border trading of abducted and maiming children and adults. Q3. the kind of people to approach and the kind of mannerism to mimic to make people sympathize. And government is trying to minimize the number of professional beggars of the Dhaka. They know that the more a child is tortured and tormented the more unfortunate s/he would look. ‘Beggary’ is now emerged as a commercial business worth multimillion dollar in this country as mostly the 6 . Hypothesis: In the past the people who used to beg were really the victims of poverty. Q4.What kind of action government is taking against this cruel activity? Ans: Government has some legal provision to protect forced begging. Now many people are willingly beg even they are able to earn money and pretend to be disabled to arouse more sympathy.

can be. Mainly these two factors are giving a raise to the syndication as government is not paying enough attention to the issue. My target group was age between15 to 60. The questionnaire that was used to carry out the research work had 14 questions in total and I have made analysis of 10 questions for proving my hypothesis. also should take necessary steps to prevent this kind of bagger syndication.general public believes that inability of authorities concerned to control beggars reflects that there is a strong mafia behind the beggars. For secondary data I have browsed the internet and used search engines like Google and Yahoo! Search. One is primary and secondary data. It consists of both primary and secondary data. This survey has been conducted on the students of North South University. Government needs to identify the victims and. my relatives and neighbours. Primary data: In primary method I have conducted a survey which had a sample size of thirty. I met the respondents and provided them with questionnaires to collect appropriate information about my queries. My research paper will suggest some recommendation to the problem after analyzing the required data and the importance of bringing the issue in light for the well fare of the country and unveiling the huge racket behind this syndication. Secondary data: Secondary data is data that has already been collected by someone else for a different purpose and is available to outside users. For this research I have used two kind of method. Methodology Methodology is the systematic study of methods that are. I followed several links to various websites that had information about the beggar syndication 7 . For primary data. or have been applied within a discipline or a particular procedure or set of procedures.

0 0% C) Increasing in number in rural areas 8 26. Due to convenience and abundance of information on the Internet. Primary Data Presentation and Analysis This study is mainly focused on the increase of beggar syndication. Based on the findings of factual and influential factors.33% A) Very high in number in Dhaka and still increasing. I did not extend my secondary research to any other sources. I tried to predict the intensity of this heinous crime in Bangladesh and government’s position regarding it.mechanism.67% D) Most of the beggars live in urban 1 3. 8 .  Target Group: General People  Age Group : 15 to 60  Sample Size of the Survey : 30 Ques-1: What is the current situation regarding the number of beggars in our country? Respondents Percentage 21 70% B) Few in number in Dhaka city. This section mostly highlights my major findings through a survey for which it has been possible to prove whether my hypothesis is correct or not. its mechanisms and effects in our country. areas. All the web-addresses are mentioned in the references list.

67% people said that the number of beggars is increasing only in rural areas because beggars target rural commercial areas so that they can gather near mosques. 26. 9 . 70% people think that there is a significant number of beggars in Dhaka and it is increasing day by day as it is the most crowdie city where begging business is profitable.DATA PRESENTATION: Figure-1: 70% 0% 27% 3% Series 3 ANALYSYS: Here we can see that. So. bus stations. Only 3. markets etc. according to the overall graph it can be said that a large number of beggars dwell in Dhaka city and it is increasing day by day because beggars find the city most profitable for begging. according to the statistics 0% said that there are few beggars in Dhaka.33% people think that most of the beggars live in urban areas.

Ques-2: Why do generally you give money to the beggars? A) I feel so sympathetic for the Respondents Percentage 11 36.67% 1 3.33% homeless old beggars B) I give humanitarian aid to the disabled. C) I have to because the beggars do not let go most of the time. Data Presentation: Chart Title 50% 37% 7% 3% Column2 ANALYSIS: 10 .67% 15 50% 2 6. D) I don’t give alms often because most of them seems liars to me.

0 0% D) No. 11 . Then 6. but I don’t know much about the issue. That’s why this syndication is more involved in deforming and maiming poor beggars and children. Most of the beggars seem liar to 3. analyzing the overall graph it is found that most of the people got sympathized to the disabled beggars and give more money thinking this as humanitarian work. Probably this is the most beneficial factor to the syndicated group. Ques-3 Have you heard about beggar syndication problem of our country? Respondents Percentage 28 90% 2 7% C) No.67% people is compelled to give alms out of irritation because most of the beggars. Bangladesh. I do not have any idea. especially children do not let them go. it is a very serious issue at present B) Yes.67% of people show their sympathy to the homeless old beggars by giving more alms. Another 36.33% people so they do not provide money usually to the beggars. it may not be a big issue for 1 3% A) Yes. So.This question indicates the reasons through which beggar can influence people to give more alms and it is found that 50% of people give money to disabled people as humanitarian aid.

but I don’t know much about the issue No.How many people know about it &their opinon towards it Yes. I do not have any idea.7% people heard about the issue but do not know much regarding the crime.4: Who are the main victims of this beggar syndication? Respondents Percentage A) Kidnapped children 4 13% B) Poor and homeless adult. it may not be a big issue for Bangladesh. only 3% people said that they have not heard about it because it may not be a serious issue for our country. 90% ANALYSIS: According to pie chart. Ques.. 3 10% C) Poor-homeless and kidnapped 15 50% 7 23% children D) Infants are brought from poor 12 . a huge portion (90%) of general people knows about the beggar syndication crime and considers it is a very serious issue of the country. No. it is a very serious issue at present 7% Yes.

The main victims 13% 10% 50% 23% Column1 Data Presentation: ANALYSIS: According to the graph I found that according to 50% of general people poor-homeless and kidnapped children are the main victim of this syndication probably because they can be easily forced to beg through psychological and physical coercion.families or stolen to make disable. 13 . Another 23% of people said that infant are the main victim because now –a-days begging with deformed infant is new and easy trick to persuade people to give more money . It means that poor-homeless and kidnapped children as well as infants are highly targeted to spread this begging syndication crime.only 13% and 10% of people separately said kidnapped children and poor-homeless adults as the main victim.

Data Presentation: The involvement of specific group in this crime 90% the invovement of specific group in this crime 3% 7% 0% 14 .Ques-5: who are involved in this crime according to your assumption? Respondents Percentage A) Local criminals 1 3% B) Local criminals with political powers 2 7% C) Local criminals with political or 27 90% 0 0% underworld powers & beggars themselves D) Others.

ANALYSIS: In response to the question of the specific group’s involvement in this crime. Ques-6: What is the government’s position regarding this problem? Data presentation: 15 . probably because without strong political power rapidly spread of this syndication would not be possible and also the beggar themselves are main culprits because most of poor people who are able to earn money by work. they choose this profession as easy the way of earnings by deceiving general people with many needy causes. a high percentage of 90% people assumed that local criminals with political and underworld power and beggars themselves are mainly involved in this crime. Then a minor percentage of 7% and 3% respectively said ‘local criminals’ and ‘local criminal with political powers’. So according to the majority of people local criminals with political powers and beggars themselves are the main specific groups behind running this syndication crime.

B) Syndication is not in under control for neglecting the issue.A) Very active position to reduce this Respondents Percentage 0 0% 10 33% 0 0% 20 67% crime. 16 . C) Enforcement of strong law against this crime. D) Authority’s inability to control this syndicate is the reflection of strong mafia involvement behind this syndication.

33% Syndication is not in under control for neglecting the issue. 67% of people think that authority’s inability to control this syndicate reflects that there is strong mafia involvement with political power behind this syndication. And 33% people said government is neglecting the issue and that’s why this syndication is not under the lime light and is not even under controlled. Ques-7: what are the reasons you think behind the increase of this syndication in Bangladesh? A) Commercial business for powerful Respondents Percentage 3 10% 1 3% beggar mafias. 67% Authority’s inability to control this syndicate is the reflection of strong mafia involvement behind this syndication. ANALYSIS: According to the graph. increase in 17 . B) No syndication exists.Government's position regarding the problem Very active position to reduce this crime. Enforcement of strong law against this crime.

3% Commercial business for powerful beggar mafias.poverty raises the number of beggars. C) Addicted youth choose to beg for 2 7% 24 80% buying drug. both factors worsen the syndication Data Presentation: Reasons behind increase in this syndication increase in desire of earning easy money of poor people and involvement of mafias. this gives a rise to the crime 7% No syndication exists. Column1 10% ANALYSIS: 18 . this gives a rise the crime D) The increase in desire of earning easy money of poor people and involvement of mafias. both factors worsen the syndication 80% Addicted youth choose to beg for buying drug. increase in poverty raises the number of beggars.

according to 80% people not only the involvement of mafias but also the desire of poor people begging as way of profitably erning money without working worsens the syndication. And 10 % people thinks that as it is a profitable business for powerful mafias. B) No.only 3% people thinks there in no syndication. By looking at survey result it can be said that begging has become a commercial business worth multimillion dollar in subcontinent run by powerful mafias and even real beggars are taking advantage of that. generally increase in poverty increase the number of beggars. mafias might have syndicated link with their Indian counterparts for cross-border trading. human trafficking helps to Respondents Percentage 2 7% 1 3% 2 7% spread the business.By doing the survey it is found that.7% people said that addicted youth including poor children choose to beg for buying drugs this adds a extension to the syndication in Bangladesh . so this whole factor is responsible for spreading the syndication day by day in Bangladesh. C) Yes. so they might spread the syndication for making huge money. a large number of human trafficking victims are forced involved in prostitution or are used for selling their organs. Ques-8: Do you think beggar syndication and human trafficking are related and if ‘yes’ what is the reason? A) Yes. a specific gang of traffickers abduct people for deforming them 19 .

a large number of human trafficking victims are forced involved in prostitution or are used for selling their organs. 8% 73%.and use them for begging later. mafias might have syndicated link with their Indian counterparts for crossborder trading Yes. a specific gang of traffickers abduct people for deforming them and then use them for begging No. D) Both A and C 25 73% Data Presentation: The link between human trafficking & beggar syndication 7%. 81% Yes. human trafficking helps to spread the business.the combination of both the options represents that human trafficking is the major component of spreading this business 20 . 3% 7%. 8% 3%. Both A and C ANALYSIS: Here we see that majority of people (73%) choose both A and C .

D) Developed countries enforce laws against this kind of syndication. According to the opinion of 3% people these two issues are not related because most of the victims of human trafficking are forced to involve in prostitution or are used for trading of their organs. Ques -9: Why Bangladesh is facing this syndication unlike developed countries? A) Highly corrupted country and the Respondents Percentage 16 53% 2 7% 8 27% 4 13% involvement of many rich family or political leaders with mafia gangs may be exposed.and even they may have syndicated link with the Indian counter parts for cross-border trading of abducted and maiming children or normal poor people so that they can deform them or use them to arouse more sympathy from the passerby to get more alms. Total 14 % people choose option A and C separately having 7% in each. B) In developed countries begging is not allowed C) Ignorance of government considering it a less serious issue. Data Presentation: 21 .

7%people think that egging is not allowed in developed countries and this dissimilarity causes our country to face the syndication.13% people have given their opinion that developed countries enforce law if there is any suyndication. so this kind of syndication easily can be compressed before bringing in a light in exchange of money and with influential power. Ques10: Do you think any rehabilitation process would be effective by law enforcement people in Bangladesh? 22 . 53% people response that Bangladesh is highly corrupted and many influential rich families and political leaders themselves may be found involving with the mafia gangs. 27% people said that government‘s ignorance considering it as a less serious issue to bring in under controlled which does not happen in developed countries.Reasons behind BD facing this sydication unlike developed countries Developed countries enforce laws against this kind of syndication 13% 27% Ignorance of government considering it a less serious issue In developed countries begging is not allowed Highly corrupted country and the involvement of many rich family or political leaders with mafia gangs may be exposed 7% 53% ANALYSIS: In response to the question. all the issues should be prioritized for country’s welfare.

B) No. it would improve the lives of Respondents Percentage 4 13% 5 17% 12 40% devoured children or poor people. despite of having legal 9 30% safeguards some vested will do business behind begging Data Presentation: 23 . being terrified some would blame untrue accident and would flee away back to the begging livelihood C) The effectiveness cannot be assumed before enforcement in country like Bangladesh D) No.A) Yes.

Secondary Data Presentation and Analysis 24 .The effectivenessof rehabilition process 30% No. despite of having legal safeguards some vested do business behind begging 40% The effectiveness cannot be assumed before enforcement in country like Bangladesh No.13% people agreed that it would improve the life of devoured children or poor people. It indicates that they would just disappear rather than speaking the truth or specifying the main culprits. being terrified some would blame untrue accidents and would flee away back to the begging livelihood Yes.17% people said “No. being terrified some would blame untrue accident and would flee away back to the begging livelihood’’ . it would improve the lives of devoured children or poor people 17% 13% ANALYSIS: By conducting the survey.’ 30% people think that it will not be effective because it is seen in many cases. it is seen that 40% people said ‘the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process cannot be assumed before enforcement in country like Bangladesh. despite of having legal safeguards some vested doing business behind begging.

It is roughly estimated that beggars constitute 5% of the total population of Dhaka city. blind. it may have syndicated link with another issue of human trafficking run by underworld mafia groups. 30% are forced for begging and 25% people do begging to inability to work and poverty. It can be also be said that authority is aware of the issue but their inability to stop the syndication and the rapid spread of the syndicated power of the mafia gangs for running the trade indicate that there might be 25 . Summary of Research Findings Throughout the research it is found that most of the people are known of the fact of the beggar syndication. Another dangerous side of this crime is. drug. 45% people has willingly chosen begging as their profession. dump and act like patients to arouse sympathy from the passers by running their profitable business begging. Children and infants are the main victim of both of the issue. If this percentage is correct then we have one million beggars in our capital city. And among the forced 30% beggar 80% are kidnapped children and infants who are mostly deformed by the mafias to get more alms.000 Bangladeshi children are abducted by the Bangladeshi beggar mafias which may have syndicated links with their Indian counterparts for cross border trading of abducted and maimed children. every year not less than 5. According to an unofficial rough estimate. According to the responses the syndication mainly includes some able bodied as beggars pretending lame. And out of this 5%. The job of such mafias is to abduct. maim and force the children to beg at designated places that are assumed to be guarded and controlled by mafia leaders.

My hypothesis was Bangladesh is facing serious begging syndication problem the involvement of powerful mafia rackets and fraud beggars and government’s callousness towards it. Government should implement some strict steps against this ugly. it can be also determined as there was no rehabilitation program for such victims in our country the effectiveness cannot be measured before. Thus it can be concluded that through my primary and secondary research my hypothesis agreed to be correct. As the forced begging is implemented through physical and mental coercions beggars generally do not want to disclose the information about the gangs who are engaged with the barbaric trade of begging. dehumanizing and criminal aspect of Exploitation. evidence from print and electronic media confirm that these gangs abducting children afterwards making physically impaired and pushing them begging. instead of blaming their masters for their mutilated body they would lie and return to bergging livelihood.exposal of many rich influential families and political leaders themselves involved with the underworld mafias for making millions of money annually. Recommendations 26 . but there is high possibility that some children who know that they were maimed by their bosses are also too terrified even to speak out the truth.

As Islam instructs not to neglect any person and help the helpless. People of this country love religion from their core of heart. civil society and the community.  Mass awareness has to be raised against the culprits by organizing seminar. protect the victims and prosecute the culprits. some people apart from morality have taken this opportunity and adopt it as 27 . Conclusion Bangladesh is the second largest Muslim country of the world. Force begging must be stopped by tackling the beggars’ mafia.  Government and non-government organization should give emphasize on poverty alleviation.The terrible conditions in which Bangladeshi children are forced to beg is truly heart rending. poor.  All the state authorities. Government should give due attention to the issue and launch a massive drive against the beggars’ mafia and also the pretending beggars who have taken beggary as business should be identified with the help of police and other social organizations.  The people who make it their job by pretending of being disable should be found out and punished. People do not want to see anymore picture of inhumanity the civil society. In order to stop the brutal business the following initiatives can be taken:  Government should conduct a secret mission to catch the mafia gangs involve in creating syndication.  Government should launch rehabilitation program for these disabled and deformed people. Print and electronic media can play pioneer role in this regard.  Technical and vocation training has to be arranged for capacity building of these beggars so that they can get involved with job. in particular the law enforcement agencies must act in a coordinated manner to prevent this crime. symposium.  Government may determine the genuine number of beggars by taking survey in association with the non –government organizations.

http://www. And also some of people take begging as their profession. telecasted on BBC News. Time for the submission also short so I have to complete the research paper based the information available to me. (2011) “Bangladesh to Survey Beggars in the Capital Dhaka”. So Government should consider the seriousness of the issue and should take strict steps to prevent this kind of syndication. In such way hundreds of children or poor people are being compelled to beg every year which is one of the worst violations of human’s right and absolutely against the dignity as a human. Limitations As commerce at the back of begging is absolutely secreted. And the information from the web was also limited. reprieved from. Reference 1.source of income by abducting people and forcing to beg after maiming. Dhaka on 29 September 2011. it is difficult to collect information from the respondents. E. Anbarasan.uk/news/world-south-asia-15119854 28 .bbc.co.

maimed. Asian Journal of Business and Economics Volume 3. Survey Question 5 copy. forced to begging” published on December 30.3. (2009) “Begging For Change: Research findings and recommendations on forced child begging in Albania/Greece. Daily Star (2010) “Rab arrest reveals horror Children abducted. APP (2012) “Campaign Launched against Professional Beggars” published in The Nation (English Daily of Pakistan) on August 11.1 Quarter I 2013 ISSN: 22313699 5. 2012 3.asp?infoID=24836 6. Delap.org/violence/search/closeup.blogs. E. CNN(2011)“Gang Profit From Maimed Child Beggars” reprieved from.2. No. http://thecnnfreedomproject. India and Senegal. 2010 available at http://www. Proposal B.crin. 29 .php?nid=168086 7.” Anti-Slavery International.com/2011/05/04/gang-profits-from-maimedchildbeggars 4. CNN (2011) “Bangladesh: Child Mutilated for Refusing to Beg” available at http://www.cnn.thedailystar. London Appendix A.net/newDesign/news-details.