You are on page 1of 23

# Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number

of Cm Cn .
Michael Young
Iowa State University

Chassidy Bozeman
Josh Carlson
Michael Dairyko
Derek Young

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

## Given a graph G , a weight function of G is a function

w : V (G ) V (G ) R.
For u, v V (G ), we say that u assigns weight w (u, v ) to v .
For a set S V (G ) we denote
w (S, v ) :=

w (s, v ).

sD

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Types of Domination
1. Domination:

1 if v N(u)
0 otherwise.

1 if v N(u)
0 otherwise.

w (u, v ) =
2. Total Domination:
w (u, v ) =
3. k-Domination:

1/k if v N(u)
1
if v = u
w (u, v ) =

0
otherwise.

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
An exponential dominating set of a graph G is a set D V (G ) such that
(D, w ) dominates G when w (u, v ) = ( 21 )dist(u,v )1 .
The exponential domination number of G , denoted by e (G ), is the
cardinality of a minimum exponential dominating set.

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
An exponential dominating set of a graph G is a set D V (G ) such that
(D, w ) dominates G when w (u, v ) = ( 21 )dist(u,v )1 .
The exponential domination number of G , denoted by e (G ), is the
cardinality of a minimum exponential dominating set.

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Cm x Cn

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Cm x Cn

Goal: Determine

e (Cm Cn )
.
mn

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:
Let v V (Cm Cn ).

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:
Let v V (Cm Cn ).
There are at most 4d vertices that are distance d > 0 from v .

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:
Let v V (Cm Cn ).
There are at most 4d vertices that are distance d > 0 from v .
So w (v , V (Cm Cn )) 2 +

4d21d = 18.

d=1

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:
Let v V (Cm Cn ).
There are at most 4d vertices that are distance d > 0 from v .
So w (v , V (Cm Cn )) 2 +

4d21d = 18.

d=1

Therefore, mn

v D

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Naive Lower Bound:
Let v V (Cm Cn ).
There are at most 4d vertices that are distance d > 0 from v .
So w (v , V (Cm Cn )) 2 +

4d21d = 18.

d=1

Therefore, mn

1
18

v D
e (Cm Cn )
.
mn

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

For all m and n,
1
e (Cm Cn )

.
13
mn

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

For all m, n 3,
1
e (G )
1
<

+ o(1)
15.875
mn
13
.

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Upper bound:

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination
Proof of lower bound:

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

Theorem (BCDYY)
For all m, n 13,
e (Cm Cn )
1

,
13.7619 + 
mn
where  0 as m, n .

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

x1

x2

x3 x4

x5

x8

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

## Create the following LP:

min c T x
s.t. Ax 1
Ax b
x 0
where A is the r r matrix where the ijth entry is
x = [x1 , x2 , . . . , xr 2 ]T .


1 dist(vi ,vj )
2

and

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Exponential Domination

Theorem (BCDYY)
Let D be an exponential dominating set of Cm Cn and |D| be the
number of vertices in D that are not within a 7 7 grid of any other
vertex in D. Then
1
(Cm Cn )

,
13.7619 2.8218 
mn
where  0 as m, n .

## Lower Bounds for the Exponential Domination Number of Cm Cn .

Future Directions

Prove

1
13 .

## Other values for p.

Other grids and graphs.

Thank You!