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# 1.

Each atom is made up from:
a. Protons and Electrons,
b. Neutrons and Electrons,
c. and Electrons Protons, Neutrons.
2. Which components are in the nucleus?
a. Protons and Neutrons,
b. Protons and Electrons,
c. Neutrons and Electrons.
3. Which particles are positively charged inside the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electrons.
4. Which particles are electrically neutral inside the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electrons.
5. Which particles are negatively charged around the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electron.
6. The number of protons in an atom is:
a. Equal the number of electrons,
b. Less than the number of electrons,
c. More than the number of electrons.
7. Which particles make up the mass of an atom?
a. Protons and electrons,
b. Neutrons and electron,
c. Protons and Neutrons.
8. If an electron is add to the previously neutral atom:
a. The atom will become negatively charged,
b. The atom will become positively charged,
c. The atom still electrically neutral.
9. What is the reason for good conductivity of metal?
a. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules,
b. The high mobility of its electrons,
c. The electrons on the outer layer are shared.
10.
The DC (Direct current) is:
a. A constant flow of charge carriers in one direction,
b. A various flows of charge carriers in one direction,
c. The flow of carriers changes its direction and magnitude
repeatedly in a certain period of time.
11.
What is the electromotive force (EMF) mean?

The total resistance of the resistors in parallel is calculated first. The primary cells cannot immediately supply voltage. 12. Is the same in each resistor. a. b. but some resistors are in parallel: a. For mixed circuit. The force needs to make electrons move. The total resistance of the resistors in series is calculated first. For the power sources in parallel: a. If resistors are connected in series the total current: a. If resistors are connected in parallel: a. Direction of flow of positive charges. c. 17. c. The total current is the same in each resistor. Is the sum of current in each resistor. The force needs to make electrons stable. The total individual is the sum of individual resistance. . The force needs to make electrons do not move. 13. b. c. The total resistance is lower than the lowest individual resistance. The primary cells can be recharged so that it can be reused. need charging them beforehand. 14. b. What is correct state for primary cells? a. Electrons flow from the positive pole of a power source to the negative pole. What does the electron flow mean? Electrons flow from the negative pole of a power source to the positive pole. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path more than the sum of the voltage source. c. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path equals the sum of the voltage source. For the kirchhoff’s voltage law: a. The total resistance of the resistors in parallel and series are calculated at the same.a. If there are resistors in series. Lower than lowest current on individual resistor. b. c. b. c. 16. The total current is the same the individual currents. b. b. 15. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path less than the sum of the voltage source. The Primary cells cannot be recharged and therefore cannot be reused. 18. c.

At any point in an electrical circuit. At any point in an electrical circuit. What does the source voltage mean? a. c. 24. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two series connection in parallel. 21. The voltage generated by a power source. b. c. They are used to measure large deviations with an insensitive voltmeter. For the open circuit operation (operating off-load): a. For the kirchoff’s current law: a. b. c. They are used to measure no deviations with a very sensitive voltmeter. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two parallels connection in series. The voltage at the terminals. Equal to the sum of all capacitances. For the construction of Wheatstone Bridge: a. 22. c. c. The terminal voltage (U) is higher than the source voltage (U 0). b. the sum of currents flowing towards that point is lower than to the sum of currents flowing away from that point. b. . They are used to measure very small deviations with a very sensitive voltmeter. The voltage drop across the generators internal resistance. Equal to the capacitance of the highest rated capacitor. The voltage across parallel branches is constant. 20. the sum of currents flowing towards that point is higher than to the sum of currents flowing away from that point. 23. the total capacitance is: a. b. The terminal voltage (U) is lower than the source voltage (U 0). b. The total resistance is higher than the highest individual resistance.b. At any point in an electrical circuit. 19. c. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two series connection in series. Less than the capacitance of the lowest rated capacitor. For the operation in Wheatstone Bridges ratios of resistors are compared: a. When capacitors are connected in parallel. the sum of currents flowing towards that point is equal to the sum of currents flowing away from that point.

b. The total current is the same as the individual currents. Volt (V). . 31. 26. What are the Valence Electrons? a. 25.c. The total current is the sum of the individual currents. The series connection of power sources get the same voltage. The resistors with difference resistances will have the same power dissipation. The electrical power is measure in: a. The total voltage is the sum of the voltage across parallel branches. b. Ampere (A). c. What is the advantage of power source in series? a. c. The total resistance is lower than the lowest individual resistance. 28. For the power sources in series: a. The voltage across parallel branches is difference. 30. The resistor with the higher resistance will have the higher power dissipation. The series connection of power sources increases the voltage. The total voltage is the sum of the voltages of all individual (circuit) components. The terminal voltage (U) is the same as the source voltage (U0). c. The total voltage is the same as the voltages of all individual (circuit) components. The characteristic of power sources in parallel is: a. b. The total resistance is the sum of individual resistance. For the power distribution in series arrangements: a. Watts (W). b. 29. 27. The resistor with the higher resistance will have the lower power dissipation. b. These electrons are also called valence electrons. The series connection of power sources decreases the voltage. The characteristic of power sources in parallel is: a. b. c. c. The number of electrons on the innermost shell determine the way an element reacts. c. The total voltage is lower the lowest voltage of individual voltage.

The low mobility of its electrons. 37. The electrons are weakly connected to the atoms/molecules which allow them breaking away. Several atoms share the electrons on the outer layer in such a way that each atom is provided with eight electrons. The high density of atoms allows the electrons on the outer layer to separate from their atoms and to move freely within the atomic structure. The character of electrical current conduction for NonConductors/Insulators is: a. The valence band and the conduction band partially overlap. Electric charges can’t be compared to magnets. For the electrostatic laws: a. 33. b. The distance between valence band and conduction band is so large. c. In the molecular structure of insulators: a. . These electrons are also called valence electrons. The number of electrons in an atom. c. The number of electrons on the outermost shell determine the way an element reacts. These electrons are also called valence electrons. The high mobility of its electrons. 34. In the molecular structure of semiconductors: a. c. b.b. Several atoms share the electrons on the outer layer in such a way that each atom is provided with eight electrons. What is the reason for the good conductivity of metal? a. The character of electrical current conduction for conductors is: a. b. c. b. Like charges attract and unlike charges repel. b. 35. The small distance between valence band and conduction band. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules which prevent them breaking away. 36. c. 32. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules which prevent them breaking away. Like charges repel and unlike charges attract. c. The immobility of its electrons. No energy supply is required to move the electron from valence band to conduction band.

Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per minute through a wire. The difference in voltage between electrical charges. How you can measure voltage using voltmeter? a. b. b. c. c. The electrons can transport from valence band to conduction band if a thermal energy (intrinsic conduction) or an external energy supply. A voltmeter is connected between the source voltage and load. Electrons flow is the same as direction of flow of positive charges. The voltage is independent with separation of charges. The difference in current between electrical charges.b. . 38. The greater separation of charges. The voltage is generated by the separation of charges so that: a. 40. regard its cross-section. b. c. A voltmeter is connected in series with the terminals of a source or load. 41. the higher the voltage. The thermal energy kT which is provided by heat is not sufficient in any case. Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per second through a wire. 43. To change electrons from the valence band to the conduction band is impossible (or hardly possible). The electric current pass to a wire per second. the higher the voltage. What is the electron flow? a. Electrons flow from the negative pole of a power source to positive pole. The electric current per mm2 wire cross-section. c. A voltmeter is connected in parallel with the terminals of a source or load. c. regardless its cross-section. regard its cross-section. The electric current per mm wire long. The smaller separation of charges. Electrons flow from the positive pole of a power source to negative pole. The difference in energy between electrical charges. The potential difference mean: a. 39. 42. b. What is the current density “J”? a. b. c. c. b. Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per hour through a wire. For the current density in a wire: a.

The secondary cells can immediately supply voltage. . What is the correct statement for the voltage-dependent resistors (VDR)? a. The secondary cells can’t be recharged so that it can’t be reused. What is the voltage drop across the 10-ohm resistor? a. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage decreases. 48. 46. b. b. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of charge and current. 51. b. the effective voltage is: a. What is the ohms law for resistance: a. 47. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of voltage and current. 50. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of current and time. c. Has two connection. A circuit has an applied voltage of 30 volts and a load consisting of a 10-ohm resistor in series with a 20 ohm resistor. Less than the maximum instantaneous voltage.44. c. What statement is correct for secondary cells? a. 20 volts. c. c. The resistance is remain the same due to it not depend on cross section. 45. not depending on the polarity of the voltage. b. The secondary cells can be recharged when empty. What statement is correct for the conductance? a. b. The resistance is also double the former value. Low resistance – low conductance. 10 volts. High resistance – high conductance. 49. The potentiometer: a. The conductance is the reciprocal of the resistance. without charging them beforehand. c. c. b. The resistance is only half the former value. b. If the cross sectional area of a lead is double: a. Is a variable resistor. In an AC circuit. Is a fix resistor. c. 30 volts. Equal to the maximum instantaneous voltage. Greater than the maximum instantaneous voltage.

c. b. c. You obtain a half of the power. The total resistance is the sum of all individual resistors. The series connection of power sources decreases the voltage. c. c. 58. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage increases. What does the kinetic energy mean? a. depending on the polarity of the voltage. Their resistance decreases as the temperature increases. . The resistance is not change when temperature is change. You obtain double the power.e. b. but the current in the power sources increases. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage increases. i.e. the total current carrying capacity increases. For the PTC resistors (positive temperature coefficient): a. the total current carrying capacity increases. The series connection of power sources increases the current. b. What is correct typical item to a parallel connection? a. Kinetic energy is the energy depending on position. If the resistors are connected in series. You obtain a quarter of the power. The total current is the same in each resistor. 57. What is the advantage of power source in series? a. the total current carrying capacity decreases. i. 53. Voltage is the same to every individual resistor. b. c. The series connection of power sources increases the voltage. 52. By connecting like power sources in parallel the current remains constant. For the NTC resistors (Negative temperature coefficient): a. but the current in the power sources decreases. the total voltage is: a. Their resistance increases as the temperature increases. b. i. 59. Their resistance decreases as the temperature increases.b. if you reduce the voltage by half: a. By connecting like power sources in parallel the voltage remains constant. For the electrical power. 55. What is the advantage of power sources in parallel? a. b. 56. b. By connecting like power sources in parallel the voltage remains constant. Sum of all individual voltages. b. c.e. Kinetic energy is the energy of movement. c. not depending on the polarity of the voltage. 54. The same voltage drops on each resistor. The resistance is not change when temperature is change. Less than the lowest voltage. c. Their resistance decreases as the temperature decreases. but the voltage of the power sources increases.

65. 66. c. Area of the plates. Volts. The potential difference between two conductors which are in insulated from each other is measured in: a. Equal the sum of all individual capacitances. b. Higher than that the highest individual capacitance. c. The voltage not depending on the distance between the plates. Half the voltage across the 20 watt light. Area of the plates. Outside the magnet. c. b. The definition for the direction of the magnetic field lines is: a.c. . When capacitors are connected in series. they run from north pole to the south pole. Distance between the plates and Dielectric. Frequency is also defined as the rate of the cycle time T. 63. b. Area of the plates. the total capacitance is: a. Amperes. the acceleration from gravity and the height. 64. Outside the magnet. b. c. How is the distance between the plates affecting to capacitance? a. 60. c. The larger the distance between the plates the lower the voltage that can be applied will be. 62. 61. Kinetic energy is the energy calculated by multiply the mass. Distance between the plates and Charge. The larger the distance between the plates the higher the voltage that can be applied will be. they run from south pole to the north pole. b. c. What is correct statement for frequency? a. A cabin entry light of 10 watts and a dome light of 20 watts are connected in parallel to a 30 volt source. it will be: a. Equal to the voltage across the 20 watt light. The lower the frequency the shorter the cycle time. The frequency states the number of cycles completed in one second. b. No certain direction for magnetic field lines. Coulombs. Smaller than that of the smallest individual capacitance. The capacity depends on the: a. Distance between the plates and Voltage. If the voltage across the 10 watt light is measured. b.

. One-third of the input voltage.c.