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Communications Signal Processing

Unit Code:
Credit value:

15 Credits

The aim of this unit is to develop the knowledge of the digital signal
processing techniques and technologies applicable to modern
communications systems.

Unit Abstract
Learners will be able to examine digital signal processing techniques and
technologies applicable to modern communications systems. It includes
speech and audio applications, picture compression and video
conferencing and multimedia systems.
Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
1 Understand digital signal processing (DSP) systems
2 Understand speech and audio signal processing techniques
3 Understand image and video coding techniques and standards.

MPEG-Audio (Layers 1. DSP hardware (fixed and floating-point devices). Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT)). concepts of analogue signals and noise. Adaptive DPCM (ADPCM). psychoacoustic compression techniques. application of specific DSPs and dedicated devices (eg hardware coder-decoder (CODEC)). reconstruction filters 2 Speech and audio Audio waveform coding: eg principles and applications of companding (_law and A-law). the Nyquist sampling rate. quantisation. Differential PCM (DPCM). Delta Modulation (DM). 2 and 3). aliasing and the use of anti-alias filters). sampling frequency. run-length coding.320 etc) . thresholding. audio and video signals DSP sub-systems: analogue-to-digital converters (eg binary word length. linear predictive coding. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM). 2 and 4 etc) Video conferencing and telephony: overview of applicable multimedia techniques and broadband standards (eg H. prediction. oversampling and dithering Compression standards: compressed high fidelity digital audio formats (eg NICAM. Adaptive DM (ADM) and Sub-Band Coding (SBC) Audio signal processing techniques: uncompressed high fidelity digital audio formats (eg Compact Disc (CD) and Digital Audio Tape (DAT)). Huffmann coding) Compression of moving pictures: MPEG compression (eg I. DCT. digital-toanalogue converters. P and B pictures. review the advantages and disadvantages of DSP systems. H. quantisation errors.Unit Content 1 Digital signal processing (DSP) Operation of DSP: filtering (eg Finite-duration Impulse Response (FIR) and Infinite-duration Impulse Response (IIR) filter structures). MiniDisc (MD) and Digital Compact Cassette (DCC). comparison of audio compression and coding techniques and standards) 3 Image and video coding Compression of fixed pictures: JPEG compression (eg decomposition of the picture into blocks. motion estimation and compensation. spectral analysis (eg the Discrete Fourier Transform. comparison of MPEG 1.261. examples of bandwidth and dynamic range applicable to speech.