936 views

Uploaded by api-327650008

save

You are on page 1of 4

Introduction

Todays consumers are constantly trying to judge the quality of products. But what is

quality? How and by whom is quality determined? Some would say the designer

creates specifications, which in turn dictate the quality of a product. That quality is

also based on the acceptable value of a part within a whole product. Statistics are

commonly used in manufacturing processes to control and maintain quality. This

activity will allow you to apply statistics in order to analyze and determine the quality

(as measured by the consistency of the size) of wooden cubes. The wooden cubes

will be used in the Puzzle Cube Challenge in the next Unit. You will design and

construct a puzzle cube as part of the challenge. The consistency in size of the

wooden cubes will affect the quality of your final product.

In this activity you will collect data and then perform a statistical analysis to estimate

measures of central tendency and variation of a product (wooden cubes). You will

represent the data using a histogram, establish criteria for an acceptable size of the

product, and use the Empirical Rule to eliminate product samples that are outside an

acceptable range.

Equipment

Engineering notebook

Pencil

Dial caliper

27 wooden cubes per student

Procedure

1. Obtain a set of 27 wooden cubes (3/4 in.) from your instructor. Label each cube (1

through 27) lightly in pencil. Measure the side length of each block along the grain.

When taking a measurement, position the block so the caliper measuring surfaces

are touching the end grain faces. Record the measurements to create a data set.

For this analysis a precision of .001 is necessary; therefore, record each

measurement to the nearest one thousandth of an inch (.001 in).

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 3.9 Statistics and Quality Page 1

Wood cube 1:

Wood cube 2:

Wood cube 3:

Wood cube 4:

Wood cube 5:

Wood cube 6:

Wood cube 7:

Wood cube 8:

Wood cube 9:

Wood cube

10:

Wood cube 11:

Wood cube

12:

Wood cube

13:

Wood cube

14:

Wood cube 16:

Wood cube 17:

Wood cube 18:

Wood cube 19:

Wood cube 20:

Wood cube 21:

Wood cube 22:

Wood cube 23:

Wood cube 24:

Wood cube 25:

Wood cube 26:

Wood cube 27:

2. Use Excel to perform a statistical analysis of the data to determine each of the

following.

Mean:________________

Median: ________________

Mode: ________________

Range: ________________

Sample Standard Deviation: ________________

3. Create a histogram to represent the data. Use seven to ten class intervals (bin

values). Be sure to label your axes and define units where appropriate.

Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 3.9 Statistics and Quality Page 2

4. Print a copy of the Excel worksheet that shows your data, the summary statistics,

and your histogram.

5. Does your data appear to be normally distributed? Justify your answer.

6. Based on past experience, 95% of the wooden blocks received from the

manufacturer are within acceptable dimensional limits. However, five percent of the

blocks are either too big or too small. When these out of tolerance pieces are used

to construct a puzzle prototype, the puzzle pieces do not fit well together, and in

some cases, the puzzle cannot be solved because of the incorrectly sized wooden

cubes.

To minimize the probability that an ill-sized wooden cube will result in a poor

prototype, you will determine a range of acceptable side lengths and dispose of

any wooden cubes that do not meet your size criteria.

a. Assuming a normal distribution, determine a criterion of side length values

such that approximately 95% of the wooden cubes supplied by the

manufacturer will meet your criteria. Show your work.

b. Without looking at your data, predict the number of your wooden cubes (out of

27) that you would predict will meet the criteria. Justify your answer.

c. How many of your 27 wooden cubes actually meet the side length criteria?

Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 3.9 Statistics and Quality Page 3

7. Identify the wooden cubes in your set that do not meet your side length criteria and

dispose of them. Then measure the remaining two sides of the remaining blocks and

eliminate any blocks that do not meet your side length criteria. Obtain new wooden

cubes, measure each (three side lengths), and compare the measurements to your

criteria. Add enough wooden cubes to your set such that you have 27 wooden cubes

that meet the side length criteria in all three directions. Keep your cubes in a safe

place. You will use these cubes in the next unit.

Conclusion

1 You have calculated statistics related to your 27 wooden cubes. Consider how

your statistical analysis results would change if all of the data values for all of the

cubes measured by all of the students in your class were compiled and used for

analysis. Then answer the following questions.

a. How would the histogram of the entire class data change compared to

your histogram?

b. What value would you expect for the mean of the length measurements if

the data from the entire class were used? Explain.

larger, smaller, or about the same as the standard deviation of your

measurements? Why?

3. How can statistics of a products dimensions be used to assess the quality of the

product?

Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 3.9 Statistics and Quality Page 4

- 2 2 a perspectivesketchingUploaded byapi-327650008
- Method of Estimating Percentage of Material Within Specification Limits ( PWL )Uploaded byDevrim Gürsel
- 4 1 p puzzledesignchallengeUploaded byapi-327650008
- 1 8 a instantchallengepaperbridgeUploaded byapi-327650008
- 1 3 a sr engineeringnotebooksamplesUploaded byapi-327650008
- 3 1 b a usmeasurementUploaded byapi-327650008
- 2 6 a instantchallengechoremaster 1Uploaded byapi-327650008
- Causal InferenceUploaded byprithvijitm
- 1 2 a instantchallengeaeroUploaded byapi-327650008
- High Impact n Effective Application of Manufacturing StatisticsUploaded byeddiekuang
- 3 6 a instantchallengeflingmachineUploaded byapi-327650008
- 3 1 a measurementsi 1Uploaded byapi-327650008
- QABDUploaded byprakash borah
- 1 1 a instantchallengecablecar 2Uploaded byapi-327650008
- Construction Spending December 11Uploaded byCoy Davidson
- X AND R CHARTIN CLASS EXAMPLE.pptUploaded byTuan Anh
- Sample Questions for Quiz of StatisticsUploaded byfxl0120
- Uncertainity Calculation UTT 5Uploaded byMalik Owais
- Home_Assignment_no3 StatisticsUploaded byAlexandru Negoescu
- Logistic Regression OutputUploaded byZACHARIAS PETSAS
- Solution Econometric Chapter 10 Regression Panel DataUploaded bydumuk473
- 1.1 Treatment and Interpreation of Engineering Data(2)Uploaded bySS
- LAT 1Uploaded byuukumaedi
- X AND R CHARTIN CLASS EXAMPLE.pptUploaded byTanvir Sazzad
- CorrelationUploaded bySanjeev Nawani
- GR&R formUploaded byoscarho2004
- course outline173 sUploaded byapi-225089949
- 399-963-1-PB.pdfUploaded byYhan artha
- OUTPUT SPSS {Nurzahro Tusolihah (1414153137)}Uploaded byNur Zahro
- ressalesUploaded byapi-25887578

- 3 1 b a usmeasurementUploaded byapi-327650008
- 2 6 a instantchallengechoremaster 1Uploaded byapi-327650008
- 3 6 a instantchallengeflingmachineUploaded byapi-327650008
- 3 1 a measurementsi 1Uploaded byapi-327650008
- 1 2 a instantchallengeaeroUploaded byapi-327650008
- 1 1 a instantchallengecablecar 2Uploaded byapi-327650008

- MediationModels.pdfUploaded bySergioSilva
- Analisis de RegresionUploaded byAndrés Díaz
- Permutation Exhaustive Problems SetUploaded byItachi_1120
- primary and secondary dataaUploaded byHumayun Khan
- Lecture 3 stats cven2002Uploaded byShean Hee
- S1Td2-MEA-17-18Uploaded byEl-amarty Abdelali
- energies-07-02676Uploaded bykalokos
- P15.pdfUploaded byCarolina Duque
- Least Squares EstimationUploaded byKofi Deh
- Practico2_ProbabilidadUploaded byJose Ortiz
- Cours Proba Stat 2011Uploaded byDan Sasu
- Numerical Analysis of Simultaneous Heat and MassUploaded byYahya Isied
- Ejercicios PSUUploaded byBigDaddy
- e CentroidUploaded bypptdw
- Practica de Distribuciones de Probabilidad-AgronomiaUploaded byyender
- PROVA - ADMUploaded byRafael Lima
- Ejercicios de Inferencia EstadísticaUploaded byCristina Rivera
- Assumptions of Logistic RegressionUploaded byGundeep Kaur
- Probabil e EstatistUploaded byemeiudoze7438
- Doc1Uploaded byKunal Ramnatsing
- Paper - Analisis de Datos WeibullUploaded byAlexis Skyper
- Full Text 01Uploaded byabcxyz7799
- Distribuciones Binomial y n.pdfUploaded bylunesmaldito
- Modelling tropycal cyclone over water wind and pressure fieldsUploaded byEmilio Berny
- Formulario Di Statistica e Informatica MedicaUploaded byFaridOraha
- ejercicios-t-de-student-y-chi-cuadrado.docxUploaded byCesar Orlando
- La distribución binomialUploaded byMauro Ronal Ramos Valdivia
- Regresion Y Coeficiente de Correlacion MultipleUploaded byVictor Levy CG
- SPE-184857-MSUploaded bySS
- Artículo de a. Tsanas y a. XifaraUploaded byDiego Echevarria