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Ultrasonic Distance Meter

Saurabh Laturiya

Akash Bhaltadak

(110909013)

(110909001)

Name Of Guide: Mrs. Amruta Deshpande


Abstract
The Ultrasonic Range Meter is an efficient way to measure the distance of unreachable obstacles.
It is based on sending sound waves through a specific medium and observing the returning
echoes to measure the distance from the device to the obstacle.
The device is divided into three parts, transmitter, receiver and the microcontroller. The
transmitter consists of an electronics circuitry which generates electrical signal .In addition, an
electromechanical transducer to convert electrical signal to physical form to drive through the
medium, which is air. The receiver also consists of an electronics circuitry which detects the
echoes bounced back from the obstacles. The microcontroller is programmed for selectivity
sequence and to calculate the time of flight of the signal to find the distance and display it.
The system architecture of the Ultrasonic Range Meter was built to be cheaper, requires less
power and delivers better performance. It can be reconfigured to adapt to a variety of pulsed
Ultrasonic systems.

Automatic Blood Pressure Measurement

Anish Thuse
(110909016)

Chinmay Pathak Poornima Katkade


(110909014)
(110909009)

Rahul Raising
(110909007)

Name of the Guide : Prof. U.M.Chaskar

Abstract
This project presents a different method of measuring Blood Pressure by automatic Non Invasive
Blood Pressure (NIBP) measurement technique by oscillometric method using software tools
like MATLAB and LabVIEW. A key component of such a type of measurement is to develop an
algorithm and an analytical method for accurate inflation and deflation of the cuff to acquire the
blood pressure values. The data acquisition part of the project is done using LabVIEW and
processing of the data to point out the value of MAP and thereby calculating the systolic and
diastolic is done using MATLAB. These values can then be transmitted via a Bluetooth module
to any Bluetooth-compatible device thereby aiding to the virtual clinic concept. This proposed
method is relatively faster and easier in computing the values and has a wide future scope in
telemedicine and product manufacturing and also any institute having these tools can use this
method effectively.

Boiler Drum Level Control using PLC

Agrawal Gowardhan
110909028

Harer Rakesh

Panke Ankit

110909006

110909015

Kawaghe Pankaj
110909020

Name of the Guide : Sapana Korde


Abstract
In the industrial sector

power plants, the demand for high quality, efficiency and

automated machines is increasing. Power plant units need to be closely monitored and supervised
on a regular basis. In this Project the focus is on automating the boiler which is a crucial
component of the power plant
.If we are going for automation it is also necessary to design a system that monitors the
system and minimizes human errors. The system used her is SCADA-Supervisory Control and
Data Acquisition which monitors and PLC (Programmable logic controller) that is used for
internal instruction storage and implementation of functions such as sequencing, timing etc. to
control via digital I/O modules of various types of machine processes.
PLC applications are extensively used in industry to control and facilitate repetitive
processes such as manufacturing cell management, fly-by-wire control, or nuclear plant
shutdown systems. One of these applications is industrial automation which includes numerous
automated processes. This again includes automation of boiler which demands determination of
certain physical parameters (viz. pressure, temperature, etc.) & utilizing these parameters to
make the boiler start-stop or function in any manner we want, but automatically.

Electronic Water Softner

Mohan Pawar

Nikhil Sheth Somnath Rane

(110909008)

(141009037)

Kishor Shirsat

(141009038)

(141009039)

Name of the Guide : Mrs. Meera Jorkar


Abstract
Scale is a coating or precipitate deposited on surfaces that are in contact with hard water.
When this hard water is heated or when evaporation takes place, calcium carbonate will form
scale. Practically all equipment coming in contact with hard water will be affected by scale. This
scale build-up will clog up pipes, tubes, block jets and form a layer of mineral scale deposits in
heat transfer surfaces. The result are billion-dollar problems for industry. Higher energy costs,
serious maintenance problems and prolong damage to expensive capital equipment are all
symptoms of scale build-up. Up until now, the only reliable solution is expensive chemical scale
inhibitors, acid washes or water softening equipment. This all methods are expensive and
environment polluting so cheapest and environment friendly solution is Electronic Water
Softner.
This project deals with the hardware implementation of Electronic Water Softner , which
consists of generation of variable square wave frequency with current boosting circuit. Square
wave should change from 1 kHz and 12 kHz. Major Electronic Water Softner need is to break
the calcium carbonate bond which is mainly responsible for formation of scale. Current boosting
is required to generate the strong electromagnetic field. Also project deals with chemical testing
methods for measurement of calcium carbonate (ppm).

Blood Glucose Control for Type 1 Diabetic Patient


Madhura Mujumdar
(110909051)

Uttara Limaye
(110909021)

Dnyanada Kulkarni
(110909010)

Name of the Guide :Prof.U.M.Chaskar


Abstract
Diabetes mellitus results from impaired insulin secretion from beta cells of islets of Langerhans
of the pancreas. This leads to a wide variation of glucose in the body , leading to further
complications. The primary aim is to control blood glucose concentration by modelling timedependent uncertainties as stochastic processes of Ito type so as to achieve optimal control. A
mathematical model of the problem attempts to explain the basic physiology of insulin utilization
and glucose absorption in the body. Experimental data from a diabetic patient is obtained and
glucose and insulin profiles are computed by using stochastic and deterministic control theories.
The principal objective is to maintain blood glucose in the body of a diabetic patient at
4.5mmol/L.This novel technology shall have a pragmatic significance in improving the quality of
life of type 1 diabetic patients.

CENTRALIZED MANAGEMENT OF DUMMY


CALIBRATION LABORATORY AND DATA
ACQUISITION/ANALYSIS
AKASH GANDHARE AKSHATA MANNIKAR
(110909002)
(110909022)

DIPTI KADAM
(141009036)

Name of the Guide :Prof.U.M.Chaskar

Abstract
With the increasing awareness about safety among the users, and the stringent regulations that
need to be followed car manufacturers these days are making all possible efforts to improve the
design of the car as regards safety. Before any new model of the car is on the road it must
undergo many checks and tests. Crash test is one such test. The dummies used in the crash test
are dummies are full-scale anthropomorphic test devices (ATD) that simulate the dimensions,
weight proportions and articulation of the human body, and are usually instrumented to
record data about the dynamic behavior of the ATD in simulated vehicle impacts. This data can
include variables such as velocity of impact, crushing force, bending, folding, or torque of the
body, and deceleration rates during a collision for use in crash tests. Transducers in the dummy
provide the physical levels experienced by the dummy. These readings are controlled and
repeatable due to careful dummy design and manufacture so that the vehicle designer may use
them to perfect the safety of his product. With the advent in the field of Dummy instrumentation
sensors and transducers with better static and dynamic characteristics are being used. The
responses of the dummies to various parameters are being captured in a better way thereby
enabling car manufacturers to improve the design as regards safety.

Motion Tracking with Mobile Robot

Mukul Joshi
(110909019)

Rajashri Madri
(110909042)

Name of the Guide : Dr. P.D.Shendge


Abstract

Motions of external objects should be perceived by a mobile robot to perform tasks successfully
in a dynamic environment. In this work, set of algorithms are proposed for motion tracking from
a mobile robot equipped with a camera and an Infra-Red sensor. The key challenges are to
compensate the ego-motion of the robot for external motion detection and to cope with transient
and structural noise for robust motion tracking. In our algorithms, the robots ego-motion is
directly estimated using corresponding feature sets in two consecutive images and also a velocity
based feedback has been implemented to improve the performance at various speeds.

Implementation of PID Architecture in FPGA for DC Motor

Control
Kaustubh Jogalekar
( 110909018)

Shruti Sonawane
(110909050)

Abhinav Gunjal
(110909043)

Name of the Guide : Dr.D.N.Sonawane


Abstract

This project deals with the hardware implementation of customized ProportionalIntegral-Derivative (PID) architecture using FPGA for the speed and position control of
permanent magnet DC motor. This architecture is embedded in FPGA using Verilog to
implement speed control loop. Controller design, synthesis and analysis are completed by Xilinx
ISE software and chipscope tool. Real time interface of this architecture with DC motor is
demonstrated successfully, under dynamic load conditions. Re-configurability, high degree of
parallelism, robustness of solution and DSP capability, these features of FPGA are explored by
the customized PID architecture. Further closed loop system is simulated using MATLAB
Simulink. Comparison of simulation results with the experimental results shows the effectiveness
of the proposed PID architecture.

SMART Temperature Transmitter


Shaikh Azhar
(110909024)

Shirale Anil
(110909025)

Netam Ishawar
(110909032)

Mishra Pratik
(110909042)

Mrs. Amruta Deshpande


(Project Guide)
Abstract
Temperature is a physical quantity that is a measure of hotness and coldness on a numerical
scale. In this project we are designing the SMART temperature transmitter using microcontroller
and temperature sensor. We are entering the lower range and upper range value of temperature
using keypad interfacing with microcontroller. Input temperature range will be converted into
standard 4-20 mA output signal. The value of temperature will be displayed on LCD. We are
using RTD as temperature sensing element. 2 wire bridge configuration is used to convert
resistance into the voltage which will be amplified and given to the A/D converter. We are using
ATmega16 microcontroller for processing the signal Also the signal from the transmitter can be
used to control the temperature of a process using the controller. In this project we are trying to
decrease the cost of conventional SMART temperature transmitter.

Polyhouse Automation and Wireless Data Transmission

Dharmarao Anuj
(110909003)

Gangawane Prashant
(110909004)

Lade Ganesh

Mane Sagar S.

(110909012)

(110909026)

Name of Guide :-Dr. C. Y. Patil

Abstract
Control and monitoring of environmental parameters inside a Polyhouse farm, so as to
ensure continuous maintenance of favorable crop atmosphere is the objective of the work
presented in this paper. The concept encompasses control of process parameters of a Polyhouse,
such as temperature, humidity, solar radiations, micro irrigation by incorporating different
mechanisms (for example, toggle on/off control of pumps and accessories, louvers and
ventilators, air flow rate, sunlight management, etc.).
In this project report, we present an automatic monitoring system to prevent
environmental conditions a Polyhouse deviating from predetermined range suitable for particular
crop. The system is composed of sensor nodes for collecting data, base nodes for processing
collected data, relay nodes for driving devices for adjusting the environment inside greenhouse
and a display device to indicate conditions inside the Polyhouse. We also constructed a physical
model resembling the typical greenhouse in order to verify the performance of our system with
regard to environment control.

Robust Control System Development for Unmanned Ground


Vehicle
Shreeraj Krishnakumar
( 110909031)

Sachin Surve
( 141009040)

Name of the Guide : Dr. P.D. Shendge

Abstract

An Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) system has different mobility, manipulation capabilities
and perception abilities. The resultant high-performance and robustness of the control system are
achieved by using a sliding mode controller (SMC). Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) have
the potential for performing a large number of tactical behaviours, including road, area, and zone
reconnaissance. Fundamental to these behaviours is basic navigation that is, moving from one
point to another on the terrain. To move from A to B, the UGV selects a route that minimizes
some objective function, such as distance travelled, energy consumed, risk incurred, and
intelligence gained. A dynamic model for an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) is developed and
a sliding mode controller is designed to account for modelling uncertainties. The system is
simulated and validated experimentally by implementing the controller in real time. The
simulation results are compared with the results obtained experimentally.

Boiler Drum Level Control using DeltaV


Pruthvi Dhok
(110909044)

Dhanashri Kalase
(110909017)

Pranita Loharkar
(110909029)

Name of the Guide: (Mrs. Meera Khandekar)


Abstract

A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated. The heated or vaporized
fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating applications. Instrumentation and
controls in a boiler plant encompass an enormous range of equipment from simple industrial
plant to the complex in the large utility station. The boiler control system is the means by which
the balance of energy & mass into and out of the boiler are achieved. Drum Level Control
Systems are used extensively throughout the process industries and the Utilities to control the
level of boiling water contained in boiler drums on process plant and help provide a constant
supply of steam.
If the level is too high, flooding of steam purification equipment can occur. If the level is
too low, reduction in efficiency of the treatment and recirculation function. Pressure can also
build to dangerous levels. A surge in water level as a result of the drum pressure decreasing is
called 'swell'. A water level decrease due to drum pressure increase is called 'shrink'. Normally
drum level is expected to be held within 2 to 5cm of the set-point with some tolerance for
temporary load changes. A drum level control system tightly controls the level whatever the
disturbances, level change, increase/decrease of steam demand, feed water flow variation.
To achieve this objective we are using the control system provided by Emerson Delta V.
This system integration is the important part while setting up the DCS as per the standard. The
Delta V system offers powerful, easy to use software for designing & operating a process control
application. One of the important features of DCS is a good operator interface which also
provides the operator display of the plant showing the real time process of the plant.