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Autumn 2015

Instructor: Sameer Jadhav (srjadhav@iitb.ac.in)

Room: 112B

Phone: 25767219 (Off), 25764247 (Lab)

Teaching Assistants: Amarender Nagilla (amarendernag@gmail.com)

Ashwin Nandagiri (ashwin.nandagiri@gmail.com)

Grading Scheme

Attendance compulsory: DX grade for attendance less than 80%

Quiz 1

10 % (1 hour)

Quiz 2

10 % (1 hour)

Class Participation

5 % (tutorials solved by each group)

Mid semester examination 25 % (2 hours)

End semester examination 50 % (3 hours)

1

Make-up exam : With hospital slip submitted as soon as you rejoin class

Texts

1. J.M. Gere, Barry J. Goodno, Mechanics of Materials, 8th Ed.,

Cengage Learning India Pvt. Ltd., 2014

2. F.P. Beer & E.R. Johnston Jr., Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics

and Dynamics, 8th Ed. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

References

1. E.P. Popov, Engineering Mechanics of Solids, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hill,

New Delhi, 1999.

2. F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston and J.T. DeWolf, Mechanics of Materials, 3rd

Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2004.

Syllabus

1. Rigid and deformable solids; (Ch. 1, Beer, Johnston)

2. Forces acting on rigid bodies; (Ch. 2, Beer, Johnston)

3. Free body diagrams: Resultants of forces and momentum; (Ch. 3, 4

Beer, Johnston)

4. Method of joints and method of sections for evaluating internal

forces in bodies;(Ch. 6, Beer, Johnston)

5. Concept of stress - normal and shear stresses; State of stress;

Concept of strain - normal and shear strains; State of strain; (Ch. 1,

Gere, Goodno)

6. Hookes law; Constitutive relations; (Ch. 1, Gere, Goodno)

7. Axially loaded members, force and deflections; Indeterminate

systems and compatibility conditions; Generalized Hookes law; (Ch. 2,

Gere, Goodno)

3

systems; (Ch. 3, Gere, Goodno)

9. Elastic theory of bending of beams; Shear force and bending

moment diagrams; Bending and shearing stresses in beams of

symmetrical cross-section; (Ch. 4, 5 and 6, Gere, Goodno)

10. Concept of shear flow and shear centre; (Ch. 5,6 , Gere, Goodno)

11. Transformation of plane stress and strain; Principal stresses and

strains; Mohrs circle; (Ch. 7, Gere, Goodno)

12. Stress in cylindrical and spherical shells; Thin-Walled Pressure

Vessels; (Ch. 8, Gere, Goodno)

13. Bending deflection of beams by direct integration method;

Application to simple indeterminate systems; Principle of

superposition and its limitations (Ch. 9,10, Gere, Goodno)

14. Elastic buckling of compression members; (Ch. 11, Gere, Goodno)

4

Mechanics

1. Rigid/non-deformable body (negligible deformation):

Statics (rate of change of linear and angular momentum is zero)

Dynamics (acceleration due to force)

3. Compressible and incompressible Fluids: Fluid mechanics

yx = -(d(dx/dt)/dy)

A solid will deform upto a point under a constant force

A liquid will continue to deform under a constant force

Parallelogram law of addition of forces: Two forces acting on a

particle/body can be replaced by a single force called the resultant

rigid body will remain unaltered if the force acting on it is replaced by

equal force (same magnitude and direction) acting at any point along

the line of action of the original force.

Newtons first law of motion: A body will remain in its original state of

rest or motion if resultant force acting on it is zero.

Newtons second law of motion: Acceleration of a body is

proportional to the resultant force acting on it (F =ma).

magnitude equal and direction opposite to the resultant force acting

on it.

Newtons law of Gravitation: There exists a force of attraction

between two bodies F= G Mm/r2

Where M and m are the masses of the two bodies, r is the distance

between them and G is the universal constant called constant of

gravitation.

On earths surface GM/r2 = g.

Thus, W = F = mg

Where g ~ 9.81 m/s2 is the acceleration due to gravity and its exact

value varies with position on earths surface.

A Force may be represented by a vector because it has :

(i) position or point of action (ii) magnitude (iii) direction

Two vectors are equal if their magnitudes and directions are the same

Negative vector is a vector of equal magnitude but opposite direction

Addition of Forces/Vectors

Graphically, vectors may be added by the parallelogram law where the

resultant is the diagonal of the parallelogram formed by the two

vectors acting at a point.

P

R

P

Q

Q

Alternatively, the triangle rule may be used where vectors are

arranged in a tip to tail fashion where the resultant is the vector

joining the tail of the first vector to the tip of the last vector.

8

F = Fx i + Fy j where i and j are unit vectors along x and y axes

Y

Fy = Fsin

F Fx2 Fy2

Fx = Fcos

F = Fx i + Fy j + Fz k where i, j and k are unit vectors along x and y axis

respectively.

Fx = Fcossin

Fy = Fcos

Fz = Fsinsin

Fx = Fcosx, Fy = Fcosy, Fz = Fcosz

Where cosx = Fx/F, cosy = Fy/F and cosz = Fz/F

are direction cosines whose sum of squares equals unity.

equilibrium (state of rest or constant motion) has zero resultant force

acting on it. Fx =0, Fy =0, Fz =0,

Free Body Diagram: Isolation of a particle or part of a body for the

purpose of calculating resultant force acting on it.

Law of Sines

|BA|

=

sin

|CB|

sin

|CA|

sin

Law of Cosines

|CA|2 = |CB|2 + |BA|2 2|CB||BA| cos

10

forces

Scalar or Dot Product: Projection of a force in the direction of another

vector

A

The dot product of two vectors is

B

The projection of a vector along another vector

Projection of A along B has a magnitude = A B / |B|

And the direction of the projection is the same as the direction of B

F = fx i + fy j + fz k

Projections of F along x, y and z axes are

F i = f x,

F j = fy,

F k = fz,

A = a x i + ay j + az k

B = bx i + by j + bz k

A B = axbx + ayby + azbz

11

angular momentum

The cross product of two vectors A and B is a vector C,

where |C| = |A| |B| sin

C=AB

The direction of C is perpendicular to the plane containing A and B

and is given by the right hand thumb rule. B A = (A B)

A = a x i + ay j + az k

B = bx i + by j + bz k

C = (ay bz az by) i + (az bx ax bz) j + (ax by ay bx) k

C

B

A

12

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