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APPENDIX E

Conceptual Spill, Prevention, Control


and Countermeasures Plan

Conceptual Spill
Prevention, Control and
Countermeasures Plan
Hounsfield Wind Farm Project
Jefferson County, New York

Prepared for:

Babcock and Brown


Renewable Holdings, Inc.
1600 Smith Street
houston, Texas 77002
and

Upstate New York


Power Corporation
950-A Union Road, Suite 20
West Seneca, New York 14224

Prepared by:

URS Corporation - New York


77 Goodell Street
Buffalo, New York 14203-1243

G4144Q

January 2009

PROPOSED HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM PROJECT


JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

CONCEPTUAL SPILL PREVENTION,


CONTROL, AND
COUNTERMEASURES (SPCC) PLAN

40 CFR Parts 110 and 112

January 2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.
1.0

GENERAL APPLICABILITY, PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF PLAN...................... 1-1

2.0

DEFINITIONS, FACILITY INFORMATION AND PERSONNEL........................ 2-1

3.0

4.0

2.1

Definitions...........................................................................................................................2-1

2.2

Facility Information ............................................................................................................2-1

2.3

Owner/Operator Information ..............................................................................................2-2

2.4

Oil Stored ............................................................................................................................2-2

2.5

Notification of Personnel ....................................................................................................2-3

2.6

Designated Facility Personnel.............................................................................................2-3

2.7

List of Regulatory Personnel...............................................................................................2-3

2.8

Response Contractor ...........................................................................................................2-3

PLAN APPROVAL AND CERTIFICATION ............................................................ 3-1


3.1

Management Approval........................................................................................................3-1

3.2

Certification ........................................................................................................................3-2

SPILL PROTECTION PLAN ...................................................................................... 4-1


4.1

Prior Spills...........................................................................................................................4-1

4.2

Potential Spills ....................................................................................................................4-1


4.2.1 Construction Phase ................................................................................................4-1
4.2.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase........................................................................4-2

4.3

Spill Containment/Control Equipment and Structures........................................................4-3


4.3.1 Construction Phase ................................................................................................4-4
4.3.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase........................................................................4-4

4.4

Facility Drainage.................................................................................................................4-4

4.5

Loading/Unloading Procedures...........................................................................................4-5
4.5.1 Construction Phase ................................................................................................4-7

4.6

Conformance with Applicable State and Local Requirements ...........................................4-7

4.7

Tank Containment and Spill Response ...............................................................................4-7


4.7.1 Construction Phase ................................................................................................4-7
4.7.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase........................................................................4-8

4.8

Turbine Oil Containment and Spill Response.....................................................................4-8

4.9

Transformer Oil Containment and Spill Response .............................................................4-9

4.10 Drum Containment and Spill Response ............................................................................4-10


4.10.1 Construction and Start-Up Phase ........................................................................4-10
4.10.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase......................................................................4-10
4.11 Supplemental Spill Prevention Procedures .......................................................................4-11
4.11.1 Construction Phase ..............................................................................................4-11
4.11.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase......................................................................4-11

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4.12 Supplemental Spill Response Procedures .........................................................................4-12


4.12.1 Response to a Minor Discharge...........................................................................4-12
4.12.2 Response to a Major Discharge...........................................................................4-13
4.12.3 Waste Disposal.....................................................................................................4-14
4.12.4 Discharge Notification.........................................................................................4-14
4.12.5 Cleanup Contractors and Equipment Suppliers...................................................4-16
4.13 Practicability of Secondary Containment..........................................................................4-17

5.0

6.0

7.0

NSPECTION AND RECORDS .................................................................................... 5-1


5.1

Construction Phase..............................................................................................................5-1

5.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase ......................................................................................5-1

PERSONNEL TRAINING AND RECORDS ............................................................. 6-1


6.1

Construction Phase..............................................................................................................6-1

6.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase ......................................................................................6-1

SECURITY..................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1

Construction Phase..............................................................................................................7-1

7.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase ......................................................................................7-1

FIGURES
Figure 1

Site Location Map

Figure 2

Proposed Project Improvement Plan

Figure 3

Conceptual Layout for Galloo Island Housing, Associated Support Facilities and Spill
Route Map

Figure 4

Conceptual Offloading Facility Layout

Figure 5

Spill Route Map for Typical Inland Wind Turbine

Figure 6

Spill Route Map for Typical Lake Shore Wind Turbine


APPENDICES

Appendix A

Certification of Substantial Harm

Appendix B

Lubrication Specifications for Vestas Model V90-3.0 MW Wind Turbine

Appendix C

Recordkeeping Forms

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1.0

GENERAL APPLICABILITY, PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF PLAN


40 CFR 112.1
This Conceptual Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plan has been prepared for

the proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm project located on Galloo Island in the Town of Hounsfield, Jefferson
County, New York (Figure 1). The project is currently being developed by Babcock and Brown Renewable
Holdings, Inc. (Babcock and Brown) and Upstate New York Power Corporation. The Plan was prepared in
accordance with requirements specified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
under Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 110 and 112. This Plan includes the changes to the
SPCC regulations, which were promulgated on July 17, 2002.
The proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm project or facility is scheduled to be constructed between
2010 and 2012, and will consist of 84 wind turbines, an electrical substation, temporary/permanent housing,
helipad, slip, concrete batch plant and support buildings. This Conceptual SPCC Plan addresses both the
construction phase and long-term operation and maintenance (O&M) phase of the project.
Each wind turbine will have an electrical generating capacity of 3.0 megawatts providing a total
electrical output of 252 megawatts. The wind turbines will be connected together through an electrical
interconnection line that is both aboveground as well as subsurface, which transmits the generated power to
the electrical substation. At the substation, the electricity will be transformed and sold as a commodity to the
power company through an electric transmission line located on the New York State mainland. Figures 2 and
3 illustrate the facility layout, with the location of the turbines, the electrical substation, adjacent transmission
lines, and elevation contours. Figures 2, 3, 5, and 6 illustrate the site features adjacent to typical wind farm
components, topographic features, and the direction of flow in the event of an oil spill.
The proposed facility will have multiple areas of oil storage and use, including electrical transformer
oil, yaw oil, hydraulic oil, gear oil, diesel fuel and drummed or containerized oil. The majority of oil stored at
the wind farm will be stored in the diesel fuel aboveground storages tanks (ASTs), the primary pad-mounted
power transformers in the electrical substation and within each of the 84 wind turbine nacelles. Requirements
of 40 CFR Parts 110 and 112 specify that an SPCC Plan be developed and implemented for facilities with
more than 1,320 gallons of oil stored on site in containers 55-gallons in size or larger. Based on this
requirement, and the quantities of oil stored/used on-site, the proposed facility requires an SPCC Plan.
This Conceptual SPCC Plan describes the equipment, structures, and procedures designed to prevent
the discharge of oil from the proposed facility into or upon the navigable waters of the United States. This
Conceptual SPCC Plan complies with the provisions of 40 CFR Parts 110 and 112 and has been reviewed and
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certified by a Registered Professional Engineer familiar with the site and the SPCC Plan regulatory
requirements. Certification for Applicability of the Substantial Harm Criteria is contained in Appendix A.
Even though the facilitys total oil capacity will be greater than 42,000 gallons and it will receive oil
over water, the checklist in Appendix A determined that the facility will not require a Facility Specific
Response Plan (40 CFR 112 Appendix F) because the ASTs are greater than 1.8 miles inland from the slip,
and the amount of oil transferred over water is less than 5,000 gallons per week.
As required by 40 CFR 112.3(e), this Conceptual SPCC Plan will be kept on file at the proposed
facilitys O&M building (Figure 3) and will be available for regulatory agency review upon request during
normal working hours. Upon completion of the proposed facility, this Plan will be modified to reflect any
changes between the proposed and actual construction. As required by 40 CFR 112.5, this Plan will also be
reviewed once every five years, and amended within six months of the review, if required. In addition, this
Plan will be amended within six months of any modification of operations conducted at the proposed facility,
if the modification could result in the discharge of oil into or upon the navigable waters of the United States.
All amendments to this Conceptual SPCC Plan will be certified by a qualified, registered, professional
engineer.
During construction of this facility, spill prevention/containment measures will be implemented in
accordance with applicable regulations (i.e. New York State Department of Transportation). Spill response
and reporting during construction will be in accordance with Section 4.0 of this Plan.
This is a Conceptual SPCC Plan, so reviews of this Plan per 40 CFR Part 112.5 have yet to be
conducted.
This Conceptual SPCC Plan does not follow the exact order presented in 40 CFR Part 112. Section
headings identify, where appropriate, the relevant section(s) of the SPCC rule. The following table presents a
cross-reference of Conceptual SPCC Plan sections relative to applicable parts of 40 CFR Part 112.

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SPCC Cross-Reference Table


Provision of 40
CFR Part 112
112.3(d)
112.3(e)
112.5
112.7
112.7
112.7(a)(3)
112.7(a)(4)
112.7(a)(5)
112.7(b)

3.2 Professional Engineer Certification


1.0 Location of SPCC Plan
1.0 Plan Review
3.1 Management Approval
1.0 Cross-Reference with SPCC Rule
1.0, 2.2 through 2-7 General Facility Information
Figures 1-6: Site Plan and Facility Diagrams
4.12.4 Discharge Notification

112.7(c)
112.7(d)
112.7(e)

4.12 Discharge Response


4.2 Potential Discharge Volumes and Direction of Flow
Figures 2, 3, 5 & 6
4.3 through 4.8 & 4.10 Containment and Diversionary Structures
4.13 Practicability of Secondary Containment
5.0 Inspections, Tests, and Records

112.7(f)

6.0 Personnel, Training and Discharge Prevention Procedures

112.7(g)
112.7(h)

7.0 Security
4.5 Tank Truck Loading/Unloading

112.7(i)
112.7(j)
112.8(b)
112.8(c)(1)
112.8(c)(2)
112.8(c)(3)
112.8(c)(4)
112.8(c)(5)
112.8(c)(6)
112.8(c)(7)
112.8(c)(8)
112.8(c)(9)
112.8(c)(10)
112.8(c)(11)
112.8(d)
112.20(e)
Note:

Plan Section

4.7 Brittle Fracture Evaluation


4.6 Conformance with Applicable State and Local Requirements
4.4 Facility Drainage
4.3 & 4.7 Construction
4.3, 4.7, 4.9 & 4.10 Secondary Containment
4.9 Drainage of Diked Areas
4.7 & 4.10 Corrosion Protection
4.7.2 Partially Buried and Bunkered Storage Tanks
4.7, 4.8, 4.9 & 4.11 Inspection
Appendix C - Facility Inspection Checklists
4.7 Heating Coils
4.7 & 4.10 Overfill Prevention System
4.7 Effluent Treatment Facilities
4.8 Visible Discharges
4.10 Mobile and Portable Containers
4.5 Transfer Operations, Pumping and In-Plant Processes
Certification of Substantial Harm Determination

Page
3-2
1-2
1-2
3-1
1-3
1-1, 2-1, 2-2 & 2-3
Figures 1-6
4-14
Appendix C
4-11
4-1
Figures 2, 3, 5 & 6
4-3 to 4-10
4-16
5-1
Appendix C
6-1
Appendix C
7-1
4-5
Appendix C
4-7
4-7
4-4
4-3 & 4-7
4-3, 4-7, 4-9 & 4-10
4-9
4-7 & 4-10
4-8
4-7, 4-8, 4-9 & 4-11
Appendix C
4-7
4-7 & 4-10
4-7
4-8
4-10
4-5
Appendix A

Only selected excerpts of relevant rule text are provided. For a complete list of SPCC requirements, refer
to the full text of 40 CFR Part 112.

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2.0

DEFINITIONS, FACILITY INFORMATION AND PERSONNEL

2.1

Definitions
40 CFR 110, 112.2
Discharge - The spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, dumping, etc., of oil

(except as allowed under a discharge permit).


Harmful Quantities - Discharge of oil into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or
adjoining shorelines in such quantities that it has been determined may be harmful to public health, welfare,
or the environment of the United States. This would include, but not be limited to, spills that violate
applicable water quality standards or cause a film, sheen upon, or discoloration of the surface of the water, or
cause a sludge or emulsion to be deposited beneath the surface of the water or upon adjoining shorelines.
Also included are spills of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in any quantity to the water or discharge of 10
pounds or more to the land.
Navigable Waters - For the purpose of this Conceptual SPCC Plan, navigable waters include any
waters of the United States as defined in Section 502(7) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
Oil - Oil of any kind or in any form, including, but not limited to, petroleum, fuel oil, sludge,
synthetic oils, mineral oils, oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes other than dredged spoil.
Spill Event - A discharge of oil into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining
shorelines in harmful quantities, as defined by 40 CFR 110.

2.2

Facility Information

Name:

Hounsfield Wind Farm

Type:

Wind Farm Electric Power Generation

Location:

Galloo Island
Town of Hounsfield
Jefferson County, New York
Latitude: 435419.98 N
Longitude: 762452.65 W

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2.3

Address:

Galloo Island, Hounsfield, New York 13685 (Location of Operations and


Maintenance Building)

Phone:

(315) 221-0893

Owner/Operator Information
The proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm project is being developed and currently owned by Babcock

and Brown and Upstate New York Power Corporation, who have a long-term lease of the property for use as
a wind farm. Babcock and Brown and Upstate New York Power Corporation provide site operations
management and O&M services for the wind farm.
2.4

Oil Stored
The following table summarizes the oil stored at the proposed facility in containers either with at

least 55-gallon capacity or in equipment. Lubrication specifications for the Vestas wind turbines planned for
use at the site (Model V90-3.0 MW) are presented in Appendix B, including the quantity and types of oils
contained within the turbine equipment.
Summary of Oil Stored On-Site or in Equipment Subject to SPCC Regulations

Container
ID

Typical
Quantity Stored
(gallons)

Container
Description
(Construction
Standard)

Electrical
Substation

5,544 (total)
244 (total)
222 (total)
Estimated to be
48,000 to 60,000

Nacelle Gearbox
Brake System
Yaw Gear
Substation
Transformers

Storage
Building

Estimated 30 55gallon drums

Steel DOT-drums

Motor oil,
lubricants, and
used oil

Steel aboveground
horizontal tank,
dual wall, elevated
on built-in saddles

Diesel Fuel

Location

84 Turbine
Nacelles
Not
Applicable

001
002
003
004
005
006
007

Housing
(Permanent/
Temporary)
Generators
at O&M
Facility
Generators
for Concrete
Batch Plant

Content
Main Bearing Oil
Hydraulic Oil
Yaw Oil
Transformer Oil

Discharge Prevention
& Containment

Internal Collector System


Secondary containment
dike
Spill pallets with built-in
containment capacity.
Building also serves as
containment since there
will be no floor drains.

6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
550

Liquid level gauge and


interstitial monitoring.

550

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2.5

Notification of Personnel
40 CFR 112.7(a)(3)
Notification will be performed in accordance with Section 4.12 of this plan.

2.6

Designated Facility Personnel


40 CFR 112.7(f)(2)
EHS Coordinator and Spill Response Coordinator
Name:

Mr. Thomas L. Hagner

Title:

Manager

Phone:

Office:

(716) 675-0751

Cell:

(716) 863-5331

Alternate Spill Response Coordinator

2.7

Name:

Mr. Kevin J. Shanahan

Title:

Project Manager

Phone:

Office:

(716) 923-1215

Cell:

(716) 480-7352

List of Regulatory Personnel


40 CFR 112.7(a)(3)
National Response Center:

1-800-424-8802

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation


317 Washington Street
Watertown, New York 13601-3787
24-Hour Spill Hotline: 1-800-457-7362
Regional Office Phone: 315-785-2239
2.8

Response Contractor
Op-Tech
1 Adler Drive
East Syracuse, New York 13057
Phone: (315) 437-2065

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4.0

SPILL PROTECTION PLAN

4.1

Prior Spills
40 CFR 112.4
At the time of the publication of this plan, the only actions that occurred with regards to the proposed

Hounsfield Wind Farm site were surveying and design related activities. No spills of reportable quantities of
oil, as outlined in the reporting requirements (40 CFR 112.4), have occurred at this site in the past three (3)
years. The proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm will begin construction in 2010 and begin operation in 2012.
4.2

Potential Spills
40 CFR 112.7(b)
If oil spills or leaks occur at the site, they may reach Lake Ontario (which surrounds the facility) via

the storm water routes described in Section 4.4 of this plan (see Figures 2 and 3).
The table on the following page presents expected volume, discharge rate and general direction of
flow in the event of equipment failure, and means of secondary containment for different parts of the facility
where oil is stored, used, or handled.
4.2.1

Construction Phase
Oil spills or leaks at the site during construction of this facility would most likely occur as a result of

four possible events:


1) Fuel tank failure Ruptures in the fuel tanks of construction vehicles (i.e., dump trucks, front end
loaders, cranes, etc.) or ASTs may be the result of defective materials, defective workmanship,
damage from mobile equipment, corrosion, fire, or damage from storms, tornados, or high winds.
The volume of spill at each tank is dependent on that tank (i.e., 50-6,000 gallons).
2) Overfill/spills during container loading/unloading operations Oil may be spilled due to
accidents involving containers or temporary fuel tanks (vehicles, generators, etc.). These
accidents typically include overfilling or spills such as punctures, leaks, corrosion, improper
storage, etc. Every effort will be taken during truck unloading activities to prevent damage to
petroleum containers, etc. and thus the creation of spills. Temporary or permanent containment
structures will be provided, as required. These types of spills are often due to operator error, but

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sometimes can be the result of defective equipment. These spills are the most common types of
spills, and spill prevention should be emphasized during employee training.
Potential Discharge Volumes and Direction of Flow

Potential Event

Maximum
Maximum
volume released discharge
(gallons)
rate

Direction
of Flow

Secondary Containment

Aboveground Bulk Storage Tanks (Storage Tanks #001 - #007)


Failure of aboveground tank (collapse
or puncture below product level)

6,000

Gradual to
instantaneous

Tank overfill

1 to 120

60 gal/min

Pipe failure

1 to 20

60 gal/min

500

1 gal/min

Leaking pipe or valve packing

Double-walled AST
Southeast
to Lake
Ontario

Spill bucket
Land-based spill response
capability (spill kit)

Wind Turbines (Wind Turbine Generators #01 through #84)


Leak or failure of Oil Containment
within Nacelle

66

Gradual to To Lake
instantaneous Ontario

Land-based spill response


capability (spill kit)

Electrical Substation
Leak or failure of Transformer Oil
Containment from Substation
Transformers

Southeast
Estimated to be Gradual to
to Lake
12,000 to 15,000 instantaneous
Ontario

Secondary containment dike

Storage Building
Leak or failure of drum

1 to 55

Gradual to To Lake
instantaneous Ontario

Spill pallets, Secure Building,


Mobile Box Structure

3) Hose failure - A break in piping or a hose will cause the contents to be pumped or drained onto
the ground. This failure can occur as a result of damage to the pipe, hose, defective connections,
or errors by facility personnel.
4) Oil drum/container rupture or puncture - A rupture caused by equipment puncture or corrosion
could release oil to the ground. Leakage due to corrosion or loose fittings may also occur.
4.2.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


Oil spills or leaks at the site would most likely occur as a result of four possible events:
1) Turbine failures - Ruptures in container walls, turbine bearing failures, turbine gear oil seal
failure, oil pan housing failures, etc. may be the result of defective materials, defective workmanship, damage from mobile equipment, corrosion, fire, or damage from storms, tornados, or high

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winds. The volume of spill at each turbine could be 66 gallons (from the equipment in the
nacelle).
2) Fuel tank failure Ruptures in the fuel tanks of service vehicles or ASTs may be the result of
defective materials, defective workmanship, damage from mobile equipment, corrosion, fire, or
damage from storms, tornados, or high winds. The volume of spill at each tank is dependent on
the tank capacity (i.e., 50-6,000 gallons).
3) Overfill/spills during container loading/unloading operations Oil may be spilled due to
accidents involving containers or fuel tanks (i.e., vehicles, generator AST, etc.). These accidents
typically include overfilling or spills such as punctures, leaks, corrosion, improper storage, etc.
Every effort will be taken during truck unloading activities to prevent damage to petroleum
containers, etc. and thus the creation of spills. Temporary or permanent containment structures
will be provided, as required. These types of spills are often due to operator error, but sometimes
can be the result of defective equipment. These spills are the most common types of spills, and
spill prevention should be emphasized during employee training.
4) Hose failure - A break in piping or a hose will cause the contents to be pumped or drained into
containment areas or onto the ground. This failure can occur as a result of damage to the pipe,
hose, defective connections, or errors by facility personnel.
5) Oil drum/container rupture or puncture - A rupture caused by equipment puncture or corrosion
could release oil to the ground. Leakage due to corrosion or loose fittings may also occur.
The turbine gearbox and hydraulic station located in the nacelle are not required to have secondary
containment. Any potential releases would be detected visually and corrective action implemented. In the
unlikely event that a turbine had a release of the entire 66 gallons of oil stored in the equipment, the oil would
flow overland for a relatively short distance and would be absorbed into the soils on site or immediately down
gradient of the site (see Spill Route Maps presented as Figures 3, 5, and 6).
4.3

Spill Containment/Control Equipment and Structures


40 CFR 112.7(c)
All ASTs to be used at this facility will be constructed of steel, in accordance with industry

specifications as described in Section 2.4 of this plan. The design and construction of all bulk storage
containers will be compatible with the characteristics of the oil product they contain, and with temperature
and pressure conditions.
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AST piping will be made of steel and placed aboveground on appropriate supports designed to
minimize erosion and stress. Supply piping to equipment may be fiberglass or steel and designed in
accordance with industry wide standards.
4.3.1

Construction Phase
If a release of diesel fuel would occur from any of the ASTs listed in Section 2.4 of this plan, the

product would be retained within the annular space between the primary and secondary walls of that ASTs
double walled system.
Service vehicles equipped with spill kits will be present during construction. Such spill kits will be
assembled with equipment that will address the type/quantity of spill that may occur at any given time during
construction (i.e. Speedi Dry, booms, etc.).
4.3.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


If a release of diesel fuel would occur from any of the ASTs listed in Section 2.4 of this plan, the

product would be retained within the annular space between the primary and secondary walls of that ASTs
double walled system.
If a release of transformer oil were to occur from the electrical substation transformer, the oil would
be retained in the permanent concrete secondary containment dike designed to contain over 110 percent of the
transformer oil.
Spill kits will be stored in the Storage building. Such spill kits will be assembled with equipment that
will address the type/quantity of spill that may occur at any given time (i.e. Speedi Dry, booms, etc.).
4.4

Facility Drainage
40 CFR 112.7(c) and 40 CFR 112.8(b)
Storm water flows overland at all locations throughout the wind farm area. The site has no

designated storm water outfalls. Any storm water will travel down from the turbine locations and/or ASTs
towards Lake Ontario or low-lying interior areas, via surficial topography (see Figures 2, 3, 5, and 6).
All proposed ASTs will be of double walled construction, which will protect them from storm water
contact.

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Additionally, oil storage at the wind farm includes oil-filled gearboxes and hydraulics located in the
nacelle of each wind turbine. Oil stored within these units will be protected from storm water contact.
However, should a release occur, a maximum of 66 gallons of oil could be carried by storm water down
towards Lake Ontario or low lying interior areas (see Figures 2, 5 & 6).
Another discharge prevention measures will include the use of spill buckets surrounding the fill ports
on the ASTs. The spill buckets will be routinely inspected for liquids and any accumulated water and oil
pumped out.
4.5

Loading/Unloading Procedures
40 CFR 112.7(h) & 40 CFR 112.8(d)
Throughout every phase of this project, oil (i.e., diesel fuel, lube oil, etc.) will be delivered to the site

via trucks (i.e., tanker trucks, box trucks with 55-gallon drums, etc.) on barges. These barges will be offloaded at the temporary off-loading facility and/or proposed permanent slip located along the southeast coast
of Galloo Island (see Figures 2 and 4). Such off-loading will also be conducted in accordance with U.S.
Coast Guard Regulation 33 CFR 126 (Handling of Dangerous Cargo at Waterfront Facilities).
Please Note: Oil transfer operations will not be conducted on the temporary off-loading facility,
proposed permanent slip or the adjacent 5-acre off-loading/staging area.
All oil suppliers must meet the minimum requirements and regulations for tank truck
loading/unloading established by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Babcock and Brown and Upstate
New York Power Corporation will ensure that oil delivery vendors understand the site layout, know the
protocol for entering the facility and unloading product, and have the necessary equipment to respond to a
discharge from the vehicle or fuel delivery hose. The EHS Coordinator or his/her designee supervises oil
deliveries for all new suppliers, and periodically observes deliveries for existing, approved suppliers. All
unloading of tank vehicles will take place only in the designated unloading areas.
The truck driver or facility personnel will remain with the vehicle at all times while diesel fuel is
being transferred. Transfer operations are performed according to the minimum procedures outlined in
following table.

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Fuel Transfer Procedures


Stage
Prior to Unloading

Tasks
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

During Unloading

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x
After Unloading

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Visually check all hoses for leaks and wet spots.


Verify that sufficient volume (ullage) is available in the storage tank or truck.
Lock in the closed position all drainage valves of the secondary containment
structure.
Secure the tank vehicle with wheel chocks and interlocks.
Ensure that the vehicles parking brakes are set.
Verify proper alignment of valves and proper functioning of the pumping
system.
If filling a tank truck, inspect the lowermost drain and all outlets.
Establish adequate bonding/grounding prior to connecting to the fuel transfer
point.
Turn off cell phone.
Driver must stay with the vehicle at all times during loading/unloading
activities.
Periodically inspect all systems, hoses and connections.
When loading, keep internal and external valves on the receiving tank open
along with the pressure relief valves.
When making a connection, shut off the vehicle engine. When transferring
Class 3 materials, shut off the vehicle engine unless it is used to operate a
pump.
Maintain communication with the pumping and receiving stations.
Monitor the liquid level in the receiving tank to prevent overflow.
Monitor flow meters to determine rate of flow.
When topping off the tank, reduce flow rate to prevent overflow.

Make sure the transfer operation is completed.


Close all tank and loading valves before disconnecting.
Securely close all vehicle internal, external, and dome cover valves before
disconnecting.
Secure all hatches.
Disconnect grounding/bonding wires.
Make sure the hoses are drained to remove the remaining oil before moving
them away from the connection. Use a drip pan.
Cap the end of the hose and other connecting devices before moving them to
prevent uncontrolled leakage.
Remove wheel chocks and interlocks.
Inspect the lowermost drain and all outlets on tank truck prior to departure.
If necessary, tighten, adjust, or replace caps, valves, or other equipment to
prevent oil leaking while in transit.

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4.5.1

Construction Phase
Construction vehicles will be refueled off-site, or by refueling trucks owned and operated by

independent contractors.
4.6

Conformance with Applicable State and Local Requirements


40 CFR 112.7(j)
Aboveground storage tanks #001 through #007 (see Section 2.4) will be registered with the New

York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) in accordance with their Petroleum Bulk
Storage (PBS) regulations. These ASTs will meet the requirements of 6 NYCRR 614.9(a) and will be
inspected monthly, per 6 NYCRR 613.6(a).
4.7

Tank Containment and Spill Response


40 CFR 112.7(c) and 40 CFR 112.8(c)
To satisfy 40 CFR 112.8(c)(8), all ASTs will be equipped with a direct-reading level gauge, and

facility personnel will be present throughout the filling operations to monitor the product level in the tanks.
4.7.1

Construction Phase
There are no field-constructed tanks at the facility; all tanks will be shop-built. The shell thickness of

all of the steel ASTs will be less than one-half inch. As discussed in the American Petroleum Institute (API)
Standard 653 Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction (API-653), brittle fracture is not a
concern for tanks that have a shell thickness of less than one-half inch. Therefore, brittle fracture evaluation
per 40 CFR 112.7(i) is not required.
The ASTs will be of double-walled steel construction and provide intrinsic secondary containment for
110 percent of the tank capacities. Since the secondary containment is not open to precipitation, the volumes
are sufficient to fully contain the product in the event of a leak from the primary container. The interstitial
space between the primary and secondary containers is inspected on a monthly basis to detect any leak of
product from the primary container.
There will be no corrosion protection system, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(4).
There will be no tank heating coils, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(7).
No effluent treatment systems, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(9), will be installed at the facility.

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4.7.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


The quantity of diesel fuel required during the O&M phase of the project will be significantly

reduced. The power generation system will only be required in the event of a power outage since electric
power will likely be provided by the wind farm or directly from the tie-in to the grid. In addition, the
requirement to heat the temporary housing will be greatly reduced or eliminated. Therefore, it is anticipated
that three of the five 6,000-gallon diesel ASTs will be taken out of service. In addition, construction related
fuel requirements will not be needed which will allow for the decommissioning of the AST at the batch plant
and refueling trucks, etc.
There are no field-constructed tanks at the facility; all tanks will be shop-built. The shell thickness of
all of the steel ASTs will be less than one-half inch. As discussed in the American Petroleum Institute (API)
Standard 653 Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction (API-653), brittle fracture is not a
concern for tanks that have a shell thickness of less than one-half inch. Therefore, brittle fracture evaluation
per 40 CFR 112.7(i) is not required.
The ASTs will be of double-walled steel construction and provide intrinsic secondary containment for
110 percent of the tank capacities. Since the secondary containment is not open to precipitation, the volumes
are sufficient to fully contain the product in the event of a leak from the primary container. The interstitial
space between the primary and secondary containers is inspected on a monthly basis to detect any leak of
product from the primary container.
There will be no corrosion protection system, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(4).
There will be no tank heating coils, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(7).
No effluent treatment systems, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(9), will be installed at the facility.
There will not be any partially buried or bunkered storage tanks, per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(5).
4.8

Turbine Oil Containment and Spill Response


40 CFR 112.7(c)
1) The proposed wind farm will have 84 wind turbines, each of which will contain approximately
66 gallons of gear oil, along with yaw and hydraulic oil. The turbines have internal collection
systems that are designed to prevent leaks from spreading outside their nacelles. They are also
located on concrete pads allowing visual inspection. Each turbine will be inspected from the
ground on a weekly basis. In addition, routine O&M activities are conducted on turbine
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equipment every six months at which time gear oil, hydraulic oil and yaw oil are topped off or
changed out. Additional O&M work completed at this time would include lubrication and filter
change outs. The equipment will be inspected at that time and documented on inspection forms
similar to those contained in Appendix C. A spill kit, stored at the Storage Building, will be used
in the event of any leak or spill.
2) Personnel who observe visible oil leaks, which result in a loss of oil from the turbine gear box,
hydraulic system, or leaking fittings large enough to cause an accumulation of oil on the concrete
pad, surrounding soil, or on the turbine tower, shall notify the EHS Coordinator or designee. The
EHS Coordinator or designee will ensure the turbine will be promptly repaired. If the leak is not
repairable, the turbine will be removed from service until such time the oil leak can be repaired
or the malfunctioning parts can be replaced.
4.9

Transformer Oil Containment and Spill Response


40 CFR 112.7(c)
1) The electrical substation facility will be equipped with four pad-mounted electrical transformers
containing an estimated 12,000 to 15,000-gallons of transformer oil each (48,000 to 60,000gallons total). These transformers will be equipped with a concrete secondary containment
structure designed to contain 110% of the entire contents of a single transformer in case of a
failure. The transformers will be formally inspected monthly, and these inspections will be
documented on the inspection forms contained in Appendix C. In addition to the formal monthly
inspections, informal inspections are also performed during the course of each week as part of the
routine operations of the site. Based on O&M employee schedules and routine maintenance, any
leaks from the equipment should be observed within 48 hours (during the work week) to 72 hours
(during the weekend) of occurrence.
2) Each wind turbine will have its own step up dry-type transformer located within the rear portion
of the turbine nacelle. These transformers are not subject to 40 CFR 110 and 40 CFR 112 since
they do not contain transformer oils.
3) Personnel who observe oil leaks, which result in a loss of oil from transformer puncture, leakage,
electrical failure, leaking fittings, or acts of god, large enough to cause an accumulation of oil in
the concrete secondary containment structure shall notify the EHS Coordinator or designee. The
EHS Coordinator or designee will ensure the transformer is promptly repaired. If the leak is not

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repairable, the transformer contents will be transferred to a temporary storage tank and the
transformer repaired or replaced.
4) Dikes surrounding the transformers will be drained monthly, or immediately after a significant
rain event.
5) Each transformer will have a gauge indicating the level of dielectric fluid within it.
4.10

Drum Containment and Spill Response


40 CFR 112.7(c)
Storage drums are not refilled, and therefore overfill prevention systems per 40 CFR 112.8(c)(8) do

not apply.
4.10.1 Construction and Start-Up Phase
1) If 55-gallon drums of oil are used during facility construction and start-up, they will be stored onsite, on secondary containment structures. Unused oil will be stored in 5-gallon plastic
containers, which are exempt from SPCC regulations, or in 55-gallon drums stored on secondary
containment structure. Such practices are also designed to prevent drum corrosion by limiting
drum/container contact with the ground.
2) Personnel who observe oil leaks that result in a loss of oil from drum puncture, leakage, improper
drum storage, or leaking fittings and large enough to cause an accumulation of oil on the floor or
in the secondary containment structure shall notify the EHS Coordinator or designee. The EHS
Coordinator or designee will ensure that the drum will be promptly repaired. If the leak is not
repairable, the drum contents should be transferred to another drum or an over-pack drum may be
used to contain the leaking drum.
4.10.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase
1) The proposed facility will store its 55-gallon oil drums on secondary containment structures
within the facilitys Storage Building. Containers of oil that are less than 55-gallons (i.e., 5gallon plastic buckets) will also be stored within the Storage Building, on secondary containment
structures adjacent to the aforementioned 55-gallon drums. Such practices are also designed to
prevent drum corrosion by limiting drum/container contact with the ground.

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2) Personnel who observe oil leaks that result in a loss of oil from drum puncture, leakage, improper
drum storage, or leaking fittings and large enough to cause an accumulation of oil on the floor or
in the secondary containment structure shall notify the EHS Coordinator or designee. The EHS
Coordinator or designee will ensure that the drum will be promptly repaired. If the leak is not
repairable, the drum contents should be transferred to another drum or an over-pack drum may be
used to contain the leaking drum.
4.11

Supplemental Spill Prevention Procedures

4.11.1 Construction Phase


Spill prevention procedures include routine maintenance of construction equipment and storage units
and frequent inspections by construction personnel.
Construction personnel will inspect drum/container storage areas at least once a week, and
construction vehicles daily, and record noticeable changes or conditions. Key personnel will be familiar with
and instructed to follow this Conceptual SPCC plan. The construction project will have a program in place to
improve maintenance and/or operating procedures through employee suggestions and management advice.
Other discharge prevention measures at the Hounsfield Wind Farm are noted below.
x

Spill buckets will surround the fill ports on the ASTs. The spill buckets will be routinely
inspected for liquids and any accumulated water and oil pumped out.

Construction vehicles and equipment will be inspected for evidence of oil leakage. Any vehicles
or equipment that are leaking oil will be repaired and the impacted soils containerized and
properly disposed of.

4.11.2 Operation and Maintenance Phase


Spill prevention procedures include routine maintenance of proposed facility equipment and storage
units and frequent inspections by facility personnel. Facility personnel will inspect ASTs, containment areas,
drum/container storage areas, transformers, and turbines at least once a week and record noticeable changes or
conditions. Key personnel will be familiar with and instructed to follow this Conceptual SPCC plan. The
proposed facility has a program in place to improve maintenance and/or operating procedures through
employee suggestions and management advice.

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4.12

Supplemental Spill Response Procedures


40 CFR 112.7(a)(5)
This sub-section describes the response and cleanup procedures in the event of any oil discharge. The

uncontrolled discharge of oil to groundwater, surface water, or soil is prohibited by New York State laws.
Immediate action must be taken to control, contain, and recover discharged product.
In general, the following steps will be taken:

Eliminate potential spark sources;

If possible and safe to do so, identify and shut down the source of the discharge to stop the flow;

Contain the discharge with absorbents, berms, fences, trenches, sandbags, or other material;

Contact the Spill Response Coordinator or his/her alternate;

Contact regulatory authorities and the response organization; and

Collect and dispose of recovered products according to appropriate regulations.

For the purpose of establishing appropriate response procedures, this Conceptual SPCC Plan
classifies discharges as either minor or major, depending on the volume and characteristics of the
material released.
A list of Emergency Contacts is provided in Section 2.6 of this plan. The list is also posted at
prominent locations throughout the facility. A list of discharge response materials that will be kept at the
facility is included in Appendix C.
4.12.1 Response to a Minor Discharge
A minor discharge is defined as one that poses no significant harm (or threat) to human health and
safety or to the environment. Minor discharges are generally those where:
x

The quantity of product discharged is small (e.g., may involve less than 5 gallons of oil);

Discharged material is easily stopped and controlled at the time of the discharge;

Discharge is localized near the source;

Discharged material is not likely to reach water;


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There is little risk to human health or safety; and

There is little risk of fire or explosion.

Minor discharges can usually be cleaned up by O&M personnel. The following guidelines apply:

Immediately notify the Spill Response Coordinator.

Under the direction of the Spill Response Coordinator, contain the discharge with discharge
response materials and equipment. Place discharge debris in properly labeled waste containers.

The Spill Response Coordinator will complete the discharge notification form (Appendix C) and
attach a copy to this Conceptual SPCC Plan.

If petroleum impacts soil or water, or the spill is not cleaned up in two hours, or is not under the
control of the facility, or involves more than 5 gallons of oil, the Spill Response Coordinator will
call the NYSDEC (800-457-7362).

4.12.2 Response to a Major Discharge


x

A major discharge is defined as one that cannot be safely controlled or cleaned up by facility
personnel, such as when:

The discharge is large enough to spread beyond the immediate discharge area;

The discharged material enters water;

The discharge requires special equipment or training to clean up;

The discharged material poses a hazard to human health or safety; or

There is a danger of fire or explosion.

In the event of a major discharge, the following guidelines apply:


x

All workers must immediately evacuate the discharge site via the designated exit routes and
move to the designated staging areas at a safe distance from the discharge. Exit routes are
included on the facility diagram and posted in the O&M Building and in the Storage Building
that contains the spill response equipment.

If the Spill Response Coordinator is not present at the facility, the senior on-site person will
notify the Spill Response Coordinator of the discharge and has authority to initiate notification
and response. Certain notifications are dependent on the circumstances and type of discharge.
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For example, if oil reaches a sanitary sewer, the publicly owned treatment works (POTW) should
be notified immediately. A discharge that threatens Lake Ontario may require immediate
notification to the Coast Guard National Response Center (800-424-8802).
x

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) must call for medical assistance if
workers are injured.

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) must notify the Fire Department or
Police Department (911).

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) must call the spill response and
cleanup contractors listed in Section 2.8 of this plan.

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) must immediately contact the
NYSDEC (800-457-7362).

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) must record the call on the Discharge
Notification form in Appendix C and attach a copy to this Conceptual SPCC Plan.

The Spill Response Coordinator (or senior on-site person) coordinates cleanup and obtains
assistance from a cleanup contractor or other response organization as necessary.

If the Spill Response Coordinator is not available at the time of the discharge, then the next highest
person in seniority assumes responsibility for coordinating response activities.
4.12.3 Waste Disposal
Wastes resulting from a minor discharge response will be containerized in impervious bags, drums, or
buckets. The Spill Response Coordinator will characterize the waste for proper disposal and ensure that it is
removed from the facility by a licensed waste hauler within two months.
Wastes resulting from a major discharge response will be removed and disposed of by a cleanup
contractor.
4.12.4 Discharge Notification
40 CFR 112(a)(4)
If petroleum impacts soil or water, or the spill is not cleaned up in two hours, or is not under the
control of the facility, or involves more than 5 gallons of oil, the Spill Response Coordinator will call the
NYSDEC (800-457-7362).

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Any size discharge (i.e., one that creates a sheen, emulsion, or sludge) that affects or threatens to
affect navigable waters or adjoining shorelines must be reported immediately to the National Response Center
(1-800-424-8802). The Center is staffed 24 hours a day.
A summary sheet is incorporated into the Discharge Notification Form (Appendix C) to facilitate
reporting. The person reporting the discharge must provide the following information:
x

Name, location, organization, and telephone number;

Name and address of the party responsible for the incident;

Date and time of the incident;

Location of the incident;

Source and cause of the release or discharge;

Types of material(s) released or discharged;

Quantity of materials released or discharged;

Danger or threat posed by the release or discharge;

Number and types of injuries (if any);

Media affected or threatened by the discharge (i.e., water, land, air);

Weather conditions at the incident location; and

Any other information that may help emergency personnel respond to the incident.

Contact information for reporting a discharge to the appropriate authorities is listed in Section 2.7 of
this Plan and is also posted in prominent locations throughout the facility (e.g., in the O&M Building, etc.).
In addition to the above reporting, 40 CFR Part 112.4 requires that information be submitted to the
USEPA Regional Administrator and the appropriate state agency in charge of oil pollution control activities
(see contact information in Section 2.7) whenever the facility discharges (as defined in 40 CFR Part 112.1(b))
more than 1,000 gallons of oil in a single event, or discharges (as defined in 40 CFR Part 112.1(b)) more than
42 gallons of oil in each of two discharge incidents within a 12-month period. The following information
must be submitted to the USEPA Regional Administrator and to NYSDEC within 60 days:
x

Name of the facility;


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Name of the owner/operator;

Location of the facility;

Maximum storage or handling capacity and normal daily throughput;

Corrective action and countermeasures taken, including a description of equipment repairs and
replacements;

Description of facility, including maps, flow diagrams, and topographical maps;

Cause of the discharge(s) to navigable waters and adjoining shorelines, including a failure
analysis of the system and subsystem in which the failure occurred;

Additional preventive measures taken or contemplated to minimize possibility of recurrence; and

Other pertinent information requested by the Regional Administrator.

A standard report for submitting the information to the USEPA Regional Administrator and to
NYSDEC is included in Appendix C of this Plan.
4.12.5 Cleanup Contractors and Equipment Suppliers
Contact information for specialized spill response and cleanup contractors is provided in Section 2.8
of this Plan. These contractors have the necessary equipment to respond to a discharge of oil that affects
neighboring bodies of water (i.e., streams, creeks, lakes, etc.), including floating booms and oil skimmers.
Spill kits are located inside the Storage Building. Once assembled, the inventory of response supplies
and equipment will be documented in the spill response kit inspection checklist located in Appendix C of this
Plan. The inventory will be verified on a monthly basis. Additional supplies and equipment may be ordered
from the following sources:
Dival Safety

(800) 343-1354

Grainger

(585) 427-8570

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4.13

Practicability of Secondary Containment


40 CFR 112.7(d)
The ASTs will be designed to contain 110% secondary containment in accordance with application

state and federal regulations. In addition, where required by regulations, all AST piping will have secondary
containment. Drums and pails will be staged on secondary containment structures.
The wind turbine generators are not required to have secondary containment; however, they do have
internal collection systems that are designed to prevent leaks from spreading outside their nacelles. They are
also located on concrete pads allowing visual inspection. Each turbine will be inspected from the ground on a
weekly basis. In addition, routine O&M activities are conducted on turbine equipment every six months at
which time gear oil, hydraulic oil and yaw oil are topped off or changed out. Additional O&M work
completed at this time would include lubrication and filter change outs. The equipment will be inspected at
that time and documented on inspection forms similar to those contained in Appendix C. A spill kit, stored at
the Storage Building, will be used in the event of any leak or spill.

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5.0

INSPECTION AND RECORDS


40 CFR 112.7(e)

5.1

Construction Phase
Construction personnel will regularly inspect all oil storage areas during the construction of the

facility. In addition, the supervisory personnel will conduct routine inspections of all generators, construction
vehicles, and the surrounding areas, noting the condition of vehicle tanks, drum storage, and generators.
Examples of inspection forms are provided in Appendix C. The inspection procedures and a record of the
inspections, signed by the EHS Coordinator or designee or inspector, will be maintained in the construction
records in the on-site construction trailer or O&M Building. These records will be maintained for a period of
three years.
5.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


Facility O&M personnel will regularly inspect all oil storage areas during normal facility operations.

In addition, the supervisory personnel conduct routine inspections of all turbines, ASTs, the Storage Building,
the electrical substation, and the surrounding areas, noting the condition of transformers, associated
containment structures, drum storage, and turbines. Examples of inspection forms are provided in Appendix
C. The inspection procedures and a record of the inspections, signed by the EHS Coordinator or designee or
inspector, will be maintained in the facility records in the O&M Building. These records will be maintained
for a period of three years.

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6.0

PERSONNEL TRAINING AND RECORDS


40 CFR 112.7(f)

6.1

Construction Phase
The EHS Coordinator should ensure that all construction personnel are familiar with proper operation

and maintenance of equipment to prevent discharges of oil. All personnel should be familiar with applicable
pollution control laws, regulations, and rules. The EHS Coordinator will schedule periodic spill prevention
briefings at intervals frequent enough to assure adequate understanding of this Conceptual SPCC Plan. These
training sessions will include descriptions of known spill events or failures, malfunctioning components, and
recently developed precautionary measures.
Records of the briefings and discharge prevention training will be kept on the form shown in
Appendix C and maintained with this Conceptual SPCC Plan for a period of three years.
6.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


The EHS Coordinator will ensure that all personnel are familiar with proper operation and

maintenance of equipment to prevent discharges of oil. All personnel will be familiar with applicable
pollution control laws, regulations, and rules. The EHS Coordinator will schedule periodic spill prevention
briefings at intervals frequent enough to assure adequate understanding of the SPCC Plan. These training
sessions will include descriptions of known spill events or failures, malfunctioning components, and recently
developed precautionary measures.
Records of the briefings and discharge prevention training will be kept on the form shown in
Appendix C and maintained with the SPCC Plan for a period of three years.

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7.0

SECURITY
40 CFR 112.7(g)
Since both the temporary off-loading facility and proposed permanent slip (see Section 4.5) are

subject to U.S. Coast Guard Regulation 33 CFR 105 (Maritime Security: Facilities), the following will be
conducted prior to the start of the project:
x

A Facility Security Assessment, per 33 CFR 105 Subpart C, will be conducted;

Security measures will be established to address the findings of the aforementioned assessment
and pursuant to 33 CFR 105 Subpart B; and,

x
7.1

If required, a Facility Security Plan will be generated in accordance with 33 CFR 105 Subpart D.

Construction Phase
At the end of each day, to the extent possible, construction vehicles will be parked in a central staging

area. This staging area will be equipped with sufficient lighting to conduct inspections and, if necessary, any
required clean-up operations.
The secondary containers used for drum storage, cited in Section 4.10 of this plan, will be in mobile
box structures, with lockable doors.
All ASTs will be protected via temporary barriers that are capable of stopping typical construction
vehicles. All AST fill ports will be locked, and controls for the fuel pumps associated with these ASTs (if
any) will be protected via lockout/tag out procedures.
7.2

Operation and Maintenance Phase


The Proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm will operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Wind farm

operations personnel will be on-site 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The O&M Building and Storage
Building is locked when staff is not present. In addition, the access door to each turbine will be locked unless
undergoing inspection or maintenance activities. The electrical substation will be surrounded by a chain link
fence with a locked gate. Visitors are registered and escorted through the project site, unless the Operations
Supervisor or designee waives the escort requirement, such as routine maintenance personnel, landowner
guests, etc. Individuals in vehicular traffic granted entry into the wind farm area are warned verbally or by
appropriate signs to ensure vehicles do not endanger oil-related equipment. The O&M Building, Storage
Building and electrical substation will be equipped with sufficient lighting to conduct inspections and if
necessary, any required clean-up operations.
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All ASTs will be protected via concrete bollards that are capable of stopping typical service vehicles.
All AST fill ports will be locked, and controls for the fuel pumps associated with these ASTs (if any) will be
protected via lockout/tag out procedures.

7-2
J:\11175332.00000\WORD\DRAFT\Galloo Island\Conceptual SPCC Plan\Conceptual SPCC Plan - Hounsfield (Palumbo Rev).doc
1/2/2009, 2:39 PM

FIGURES

SITE
LO C ATIO N

L a k e O n ta rio

StLaw rence
County

For
FortD
tDrrum
um

11

Jefferson
County
11

ITE

81

Lew is
County

UN

CA

NA

D
DS A
TA
TE
S

G A LLO O
ISLA N D

J:\11175332.00000\D B\G IS\SITE LO C ATIO N .m xd 11/3/2008 11:01:11 AM Lum b,M

LA K E O N TA R IO

O sw ego
County

O neida
County
W ayne
County

Cayuga
County
O nondaga
County

10

481

Syracuse

M adison
County

SITE LO C ATIO N M AP
H O U N SFIELD W IN D FAR M
JEFFER SO N C O U N TY,N EW YO R K

10 M iles

M adison
County

FIG U R E 1

APPENDIX A
CERTIFICATION OF SUBSTANTIAL HARM

CERTIFICATION OF THE APPLICABILITY OF THE


SUBSTANTIAL HARM CRITERIA CHECKLIST
Facility Name:

Proposed Hounsfield Wind Farm

Facility Address:

Galloo Island, Hounsfield, New York

1. Does the facility transfer oil over water to or from vessels and does the facility have a total oil storage
capacity greater than or equal to 42,000 gallons?
YES ______

NO _____

2. Does the facility have a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and does the
facility lack secondary containment that is sufficiently large to contain the capacity of the largest aboveground
oil storage tank plus sufficient freeboard to allow for precipitation within any aboveground oil storage tank
area?
YES ______

NO _____

3. Does the facility have a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and is the facility
located at a distance (as calculated using the formula in Attachment C-III, Appendix C, 40 CFR 112 or a
comparable formula1) such that a discharge from the facility could cause injury to fish, wildlife and sensitive
environments? For further description of fish and wildlife and sensitive environments, see Appendices I, II,
and III to the DOC/NOAAs Guidance for Facility and Vessel Response Environments (Section 10,
Appendix E, 40 CFR 112 for availability) and the applicable Area Contingency Plan.
YES ______

NO _____

4. Does the facility have a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and is the facility
located at a distance (as calculated using the appropriate formula (Attachment C-III, Appendix C, 40 CFR 112
or a comparable formula1) such that a discharge from the facility would shut down a public drinking water
intake2?
YES ______

NO _____

5. Does the facility have a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and has the
facility experienced a reportable oil spill in an amount greater than or equal to 10,000 gallons within the
last 5 years?
YES ______

NO _____

CERTIFICATION
I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar with the information
submitted in this document, and that based on my inquiry of those individuals responsible for obtaining this
information, I believe that the submitted information is true, accurate, and complete.

1
2

_________________________________________
Signature

__________________________________
Title

_________________________________________
Name (Please type or print)

__________________________________
Date

If a comparable formula is used, documentation of the reliability and analytical soundness of the
comparable formula must be attached to this form.
For the purposes of 40 CFR Part 112, public drinking water intakes are analogous to public water
systems as described at 40 CFR 143.2c.

APPENDIX B
LUBRICATION SPECIFICATIONS FOR
VESTAS MODEL V90-3.0 MW WIND TURBINE

Class I
TSD 4000258-01 EN
2004-10-07

General Specification
V82-1.65 MW MK II
NM82/1650 Vers. 2

Vestas Wind Systems A/S Alsvej 21 8900 Randers Denmark www.vestas.com

Printout from Extranet & CD will not be Updated Automatically

TSD 4000258-01 EN
Issued by:Technology,D ocum entation
Type:TechnicalSales D ocum ent

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 2 of14

Illustration

R adius 41 m

100 m
109.5 m
111 m
119 m
121 m
H ub
height
59 m
68.5 m
70 m
78 m
80 m

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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TSD 4000258-01 EN
Issued by:Technology,D ocum entation
Type:TechnicalSales D ocum ent

50 H z
1650 kW
82 m
5281 m 2
59 m ,68.5 m ,70 m ,
78 m
14.4 rpm

H ub height.IEC IIb
R otationalspeed

60 H z U L
1650 kW
82 m
5281 m 2

70 m ,78 m .

59 m ,70 m ,80 m

14.4 rpm

14.4 rpm

50H z
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT
R AL 7035
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I

60H z
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT
R AL 7035
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I

50H z
3 pieces
61.8 m /s
5q

60H z
3 pieces
61.8 m /s
5q

3447 m m

3447 m m

5.0 %

5.0 %

Active Stall
U pw ind

Active Stall
U pw ind

R otor
N um berofblades
Tip speed (synchronous)
R otorshafttilt
Eccentricity
(tow ercenterto hub center)
Solidity (Totalblade area/rotor
area)
Pow erregulation
R otororientation

60 H z
1650 kW
82 m
5281 m 2

N acelle Base Fram e


M aterial
Standard colour
C orrosion class,outside

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 3 of14

M ain D ata
N om inalPow er
R otordiam eter
Sw eptarea

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

Blades
50H z
60H z
AL 40
AL 40
40 m
40 m
C arbon/w ood/glass/epoxy
C arbon/w ood/glass/epoxy
R AL 7035
R AL 7035
C lass 2:(30-70% )in accordance
C lass 2:(30-70% )in accordance
G loss
w ith (1),to be m easured acc.to
w ith (1),to be m easured acc.to
D S/ISO 2813
D S/ISO 2813
Type ofrotorairbrake
Fullblade
Fullblade
Blade profiles
x
FFA -W 3,N AC A 63.4
x
FFA -W 3,N AC A 63.4
Tw ist
20q
20q
Largestchord
3.08 m
3.08 m
Blade area (projected)
86 m 2
86 m 2
N ote!(1)TechnicalC riteria forD anish ApprovalSchem e forW ind Turbines
Type description
Blade length
M aterial
Standard colour

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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50H z
Forged shaftand flange
34C rN iM o6 + Q T
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 2

60H z
Forged shaftand flange
34C rN iM o6 + Q T
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 2

50H z
Sphericalrollerbearing
1 piece
O ilpum p

60H z
Sphericalrollerbearing
1 piece
O ilpum p

50H z
Flange bearing
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT

60H z
Flange bearing
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT

50 H z
1.step planet,2.step helical
C ast
1:70.2
1800 kW
S F > 1.6

60H z
1.step planet,2.step helical
C ast
1:84.3
1800 kW
S F > 1.6

S H > 1.25

S H > 1.25

S S > 1.3
Labyrinth
App.250 l

S S > 1.3
Labyrinth
App.250 l

G earbox
Type description
G earhouse m aterial
R atio
M echanicalpow er
Bending strength acc.to ISO 6336
Surface durability acc.to ISO
6336
Scuffing safety acc.to D N V 41.2
Shaftseals
O ilsum p

11

60H z
Spherical
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I

M ain Bearing H ousing


Type description
M aterial

10

50H z
Spherical
EN -G JS-400-18U -LT
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I

M ain Bearing
Type description
N um berof
Lubrication

60 H z
Ballbearing
3 pcs.

M ain shaft
Type description
M aterial
C orrosion class

50 H z
Ballbearing
3 pcs.

H ub
Type description
M aterial
C orrosion class,outside

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 4 of14

Blade bearing
Type description
N um berofbearings

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

C artridge G earH eater-forArctic Version only


R ating
N um berof

50 H z
800 W /pcs.
4 pieces

60 H z
800 W /pcs.
4 pieces

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12

50 H z
1 x 230 V

60H z
3 x 480 V

50 H z
46.2 kW

60 H z
46.2 kW

60H z
3 x 600 V
20 kW
2 pieces

M echanicalShaftBrake
50 H z
Active Brake
Steel,m ounted on high speed
shaft
2 piece

Brake disc
N um berofcalipers

60H z
Active Brake
Steel,m ounted on high speed
shaft
2 piece

H ydraulic Pow erU nitforM echanicalShaftBrake


Voltage
W orking pressure range
O ilcapacity

20

60 H z
37.5 kW

50 H z
3 x 690 V
20 kW
2 pieces

Type description

19

50 H z
37.5 kW

ElectricalN acelle H eater-forArctic Version only


Voltage
Pow er
N um berofheaters

18

60 H z
41.3 kW

W aterC ooler/R adiator


C ooling capacity

17

50 H z
41.3 kW

W aterPum p
Voltage

16

60H z
3 x 480 V

O ilC ooler
C ooling capacity

15

50 H z
3 x 690 V

H eatExchange U nit(W ater/O il)


C ooling capacity

14

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 5 of14

O ilpum p
Voltage

13

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

50 H z
3 x 690 V
140-150 bar
11 l

60H z
3 x 480 V
140-150 bar
11 l

50 H z
Flexible coupling,constantrpm

60H z
Flexible coupling,constantrpm

C oupling
Type description

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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21

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 6 of14

G enerator
Type description
R ated pow er
Apparentpow er
R ated current
M ax pow eratC lass F

PN
SN
IN
P Fm a

50 H z
1 speed generator,w atercooled
1650 kW
1805 kVA
1510 A

60 H z
1 speed generator,w atercooled
1650 kW
1808 kVA
1740 A

1815 kW

1815 kW

1661 A
400 A

1914 A
430 A

QN

731 kvar

740 kvar

Q0

478 kvar

447 kvar

P
n0
nN
sN
UN
F

6
1000 rpm
1012 rpm
1.20 %
3 x 690 V
50 H z
'
IP54

6
1200 rpm
1214 rpm
1.17 %
3 x 600 V
60 H z
'
IP54

F/B

F/B

M ax currentatC lass F
N o load current
R eactive pow erconsum ption
atrated pow er
(tolerance.acc to IEC 600341)
R eactive pow erconsum ption
atno load (tolerance.acc to
IEC 60034-1)
N um berofpoles
Synchronous rotation speed
R otation speed atrated pow er
Slip atrated pow er
Voltage
Frequency
C oupling
Enclosure
Insulation class/Tem perature
increase
22

IFm ax
I0

Yaw System BallBearing Slew ing R ing


Type description

23

50 H z
Planetary gearm otor
app.1:1687
3 x 690 V
920 rpm
6 pieces

60 H z
Planetary gearm otor
app.1:1687
3 x 480 V
1140 rpm
6 pieces

50 H z
H ydraulic disc brake
6 pieces

60 H z
H ydraulic disc brake
6 pieces

50 H z
3 x 400/3x 690 V
140-150 bar
App.10 l.

60 H z
3 x 480 V
140-150 bar
App.10 l.

Yaw System Yaw Brake


Type D escription
N um berofYaw Friction U nits

25

60 H z
Ballbearing,internalgearing

Yaw System Yaw G earand M otors


Type description
G earratio ofyaw gearunit
Voltage
R otationalspeed atfullload
N um berofyaw gears

24

50 H z
Ballbearing,internalgearing

H ydraulic Pow erU nitforYaw Brake


Voltage
W orking pressure range
O ilcapacity

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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TSD 4000258-01 EN
Issued by:Technology,D ocum entation
Type:TechnicalSales D ocum ent

26

Access conditions

60 H z
C onical,tubular
W elded steelplate
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I
R AL 7035
Internal,safety harness,ladder
cage

50 H z
3 x 690 V
50 H z
Softw ith thyristors
IEC

60 H z
3 x 600 V
60 H z
Softw ith thyristors
UL

50 H z
+10 % (60 sec.)
-10 % (60 sec.)
+12.5 % (0.1 sec.)
-15 % (0.1 sec.)
+1 H z (0.2 sec.)
-2 H z (0.2 sec.)
15 % (60 sec.) phase to ground
2 % (60 sec.) phase to ground
25 kA at690V
M ax 1% ofany single harm onic
M ax 3% totalharm onic distortion
x
Solidly grounded w ye at
secondary (690 V)side of
transform er

60H z
+10 % (60 sec.)
-10 % (60 sec.)
+12.5 % (0.1 sec.)
-15 % (0.1 sec.)
+1 H z (0.2 sec.)
-2 H z (0.2 sec.)
15 % (60 sec.) phase to ground
2 % (60 sec.) phase to ground
30 kA at600V
M ax 1% ofany single harm onic
M ax 3% totalharm onic distortion
x
Solidly grounded w ye at
secondary (600 V)side of
transform er

ElectricalG rid R equirem ents


M ax.voltage
M in.voltage
M ax.voltage
M in.voltage
H igh frequency
Low frequency
M axim um asym m etricurrent
M axim um asym m etrivoltage
M axim um shortcircuitcurrent
Single harm onic
Totalharm onic distortion
C onnection

29

50 H z
C onical,tubular
W elded steelplate
Acc.to D S EN ISO 12944:C 5 I
R AL 7035
Internal,safety harness,ladder
cage

W ind Turbine M ain Panel/C ontrolpanel/phase com p.panel


Voltage
Frequency
C ut-in system
D esign Standard

28

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 7 of14

Tow er
Type D escription
M aterial
C orrosion class,outside
C olour

27

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

Integrated G rid C onnection System ,IG C System ,Transform erin tow er-O ptional
(IG C is notdelivered in the U S)
Pow erTransform erincl.M etalEnclosure
50 H z
60 H z
Type description
C astR esin (dry type)
C astR esin (dry type)
Apparentpow er
1800 kVA
1800 kVA
Prim ary voltage
10 24 kV+/-2 x 2.5 %
10 24 kV+/-2 x 2.5 %
Secondary voltage
0.690 kV
0.600 kV
Frequency
50 H z
60 H z
D yn,Solidly grounded w ye at690 D yn,Solidly grounded w ye at600
C oupling group
V
V
Sw itch gear
Type description
G as insulated SF6 ring m ain unit G as insulated SF6 ring m ain unit
N om inalvoltage
24 kV
24 kV
Frequency
50 H z
60 H z

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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TSD 4000258-01 EN
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31

D ate:2004-10-11
C lass:I
Page 9 of14

C lim ate and Site C onditions regarding structuraldesign


D esign life tim e
Tem perature intervalforoperation
Tem perature intervalforstructure
A-factor
Form factor,c
Annualaverage w ind speed
W ind shear
Extrem e w ind speed
Survivalw ind speed
Autom atic stop lim it
R e-cutin
C haracteristic turbulence intensity
acc.to IEC 61400-1 (15 m /s)
Airdensity
M axim um in-flow angle

32

G eneralSpecification
V82-1.65 M W M K II
N M 82/1650 vers.2

50 H z IEC IIb
20 years
See specifications below
See specifications below
9.59 m /s
2.0
8.5 m /s
0.20
42.5 m /s (10 m in.average)
59.5 m /s (3 sec.average)
20 m /s (10 m in.average)
18 m /s (10 m in.average)
16% (including w ind farm
turbulence)
1.225 kg/m 3
8q

60 H z IEC IIb
20 years
See specifications below
See specifications below
9.59 m /s
2.0
8.5 m /s
0.20
42.5 m /s (10 m in.average)
59.5 m /s (3 sec.average)
20 m /s (10 m in.average)
18 m /s (10 m in.average)
16% (including w ind farm
turbulence)
1.225 kg/m 3
8q

Specific C lim ate and Site C onditions


Standard (only 50
H z)

Tropical-20 to +40qC
(50 + 60 H z)

A rctic (50 + 60 H z)

Tem perature intervalfor


-20 to +30qC
-20 to +35qC (+40C )
-30 to +30qC
operation1,2,3
Tem perature intervalforstructure -20 to +50qC
-20 to +50qC
-40 to +50qC
1
N ote!ForTropical!R ated pow eris reduced to 1500 kW fortem perature betw een +35qC and +40qC .
2
N ote!N o operation iftem perature is below -10qC in controlpanelorgearoilsum p.H eating system s are
optional.
3
N ote!Ifthe w indturbine is placed m ore than 1000m above sea level,a highertem perature rise than usual
m ightoccurin the generator,the transform erand otherelectricalcom ponents.In this case a periodic
reduction ofrated pow erm ightoccur,even ifthe am bienttem perature is w ithin specified lim its.Furtherm ore
increased risk oficing up occuratsites m ore than 1000m above sea level.
33

C onditions for Pow er C urve (athub height)


Airdensity
W ind shear
Turbulence intensity
Blades
Ice/snow on blades
Leading Edge
R ain
Terrain
Inflow angle
G rid frequency
Verification acc.to

50 H z
1.225 kg/m 3
0.12-0.16
11-16 %
C lean
No
N o dam age
No
IEC 61400-12
02 q
50 0.5
IEC 61400-12

60H z
1.225 kg/m 3
0.12-0.16
11-16 %
C lean
No
N o dam age
No
IEC 61400-12
02 q
600.5 H z
IEC 61400-12

Vestas W ind System s A/S Alsvej21 8900 R anders D enm ark w w w .vestas.com

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C lass 1
Item no.950010.R 1
2004-03-02

G eneralSpecification
V90 3.0 M W
60 H z
Variable Speed Turbine

W W W .V E S T A S .C O M

Vestas W ind System s A/S


Sm ed Soerensens Vej5
D K-6950 R ingkoebing

10e

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

C ontents .........................................................................................................................................Page
1.

G eneralD escription....................................................................................................................3
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

2.

M ain D ata...................................................................................................................................11
2.1
2.2
2.3

3.

6.

G eneralC onditions ...........................................................................................................................22


W ind C onditions................................................................................................................................22

Type A pprovals.........................................................................................................................23
O ptions ......................................................................................................................................23
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6

7.

Siting in W ind Farm s.........................................................................................................................21


Terrain C onditions.............................................................................................................................21
C onnection to the ElectricalPow erG rid ...........................................................................................21

G eneralA m bientD esign C riteria ............................................................................................22


4.1
4.2

5.

Pow erC urve,C alculated ..................................................................................................................11


AnnualProduction V90-3.0M W .........................................................................................................17
N oise curves V90-3.0 M W ................................................................................................................18

M icro Siting and N etw ork C onnection....................................................................................21


3.1
3.2
3.3

4.

N acelle D escription .............................................................................................................................3


R otorV90 ............................................................................................................................................6
C ontroland R egulation .......................................................................................................................7
M onitoring............................................................................................................................................9
Lightning Protection ..........................................................................................................................10
Service ..............................................................................................................................................10

Pow erQ uality....................................................................................................................................23


M edium Voltage Sw itch G ear............................................................................................................23
R em ote C ontroland M onitoring VestasO nlineTM ...........................................................................24
O bstruction Light...............................................................................................................................24
Service liftinside the tow er...............................................................................................................24
W ind turbine color.............................................................................................................................25

TechnicalSpecifications & D iagram s.....................................................................................25


7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18

R otor..................................................................................................................................................25
H ub....................................................................................................................................................25
Blades ...............................................................................................................................................25
Bearings............................................................................................................................................25
Sensors.............................................................................................................................................25
G enerator..........................................................................................................................................26
Transform er.......................................................................................................................................27
Sw itch G earElectricalC haracteristics..............................................................................................27
Yaw System ......................................................................................................................................28
Yaw G ears.........................................................................................................................................28
G earbox.............................................................................................................................................28
Parking Brake....................................................................................................................................28
H ydraulics..........................................................................................................................................28
C ooling System .................................................................................................................................28
N acelle Bedplate ...............................................................................................................................29
N acelle ..............................................................................................................................................29
Tow er................................................................................................................................................29
W eightand D im ensions....................................................................................................................29

8.

G eneralR eservations,N otes and D isclaim ers ......................................................................31

9.

Perform ance N ote.....................................................................................................................31

Page: 2 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

1.

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

G eneralD escription
The VESTAS V90 3.0 M W is a pitch regulated upw ind w ind turbine w ith active
yaw and a three-blade rotor.
The VESTAS V90 3.0 M W has a rotordiam eterof90 m w ith a generatorrated at
3.0 M W .
The turbine utilises the O ptiTip and the variable speed concepts.W ith these features rated pow erw illbe m aintained even in high w ind speeds,regardless ofair
tem perature and airdensity,and the w ind turbine is able to operate the rotorat
variable speed (R PM ).Atlow w ind speeds the O ptiTip system and
variable speed operation m axim ise the pow eroutputby giving the optim alR PM
and pitch angle,w hich also m inim ises the sound em ission from the turbine.

1.1

N acelle D escription

Fig.1

V90 3.0 M W N acelle

The nacelle coveris m ade offibreglass.An opening in the floorprovides access to


the nacelle from the tow er.
The roofsection is equipped w ith skylights,w hich can be opened to access the
roofand the w ind sensors.
W ind sensors are m ounted on the nacelle roof.Aviation lights,ifany,are also
placed on top ofthe nacelle.

Page: 3 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

1.1.1

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

M achine Foundation (the B edplate)


The frontofthe nacelle bedplate is the foundation forthe drive train,thattransm its
forces and torque from the rotorto the tow er,through the yaw system .The frontof
the nacelle bedplate is m ade ofcaststeel.The nacelle coveris m ounted on the
nacelle bedplate.
The nacelle bedplate is in tw o parts and consists ofa castiron partand a girder
structure.
The castiron partserves as the foundation ofthe m ain gearand the generator.
The bottom surface is m achined and connected to the yaw bearing.The crane
beam s are attached to the top structure.The low erbeam s ofthe girderstructure
are connected atthe rearend.The rearpartofthe bedplate serves as the foundation forcontrollerpanels,cooling system and transform er.
The fouryaw -gears are bolted to nacelle bedplate.
The nacelle houses the internal800 kg SW L service crane.The crane is a single
system chain hoist.Ifany heavierparts need service,the service crane can be
upgraded to 1600/10000 kg SW L.
The upgraded crane is able to liftand low erlarge elem ents such as parts ofthe
gearbox and the generator.

1.1.2

G earbox
The m ain geartransm its the torque from the rotorto the generator.
The gearunitis a com bination ofa 2-stage planetary gearand a 1-stage helical
gear.The gearhousing is bolted to the bedplate.The low speed inputshaftis
bolted directly to the hub w ithoutthe use ofa traditionalm ain shaft.
The gearbox lubrication system is a forced feed system w ithoutthe use ofan integrated oilsum p.

1.1.3

Yaw System
The yaw bearing system is a plain bearing system w ith built-in friction.The system
enables the nacelle to rotate on top ofthe tow er.The system transm its the forces
from the turbine-rotor/nacelle to the tow er.
Fourelectricalyaw gears w ith m otorbrakes rotate the nacelle.

1.1.4

The B rake System


The turbine brakes by full-feathering ofthe rotorblades.The individualpitch cylinders ensure triple braking safety.
Furtherm ore,a hydraulic system supplies pressure to a disc brake located on the
m ain gearhigh-speed shaft.The disc brake system consists of3 hydraulic brake
callipers.
The disc brake is considered as the parking brake.

Page: 4 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

1.1.5

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
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M an.

G enerator
The generatoris an asynchronous 4-pole generatorw ith a w ound rotor.
Variable speed allow s varying the rotorspeed w ithin a w ide speed range.This reduces pow erfluctuations in the pow ergrid system as w ellas m inim ises the loads
on vitalparts ofthe turbine.Furtherm ore,the variable speed system optim ises the
pow erproduction,especially atlow w ind speeds.Variable speed technology enables controlofthe turbine reactive pow erfactorbetw een 0.96 inductive and 0.98
capacitive m easured on the low voltage side.
The generatoris w ater-cooled.

1.1.6

Transform er
The step up transform eris located in a separate com partm entto the rearofthe
nacelle.The transform eris a three phase dry-type castresin transform erspecially
designed forw ind turbine applications.
The w indings are delta connected on the m edium voltage-side unless otherw ise
specified.The w indings are connected in staron the low voltage-side (1000 V and
400 V).The 1000 V and 400 V system s in the nacelle are a TN -system ,w here the
starpointis connected to ground.
Surge arresters are m ounted on the m edium voltage (prim ary)side ofthe transform er.
The outputvoltages available are in 0.5 kV steps from 10 to 34.5 kV w here
36kV(U m ) is the highestequipm entpeak voltage.
The transform erroom is equipped w ith arc detection sensors.

1.1.7

The C ooling and A ir-conditioning System


Ifthe inside airtem perature ofthe nacelle exceeds a certain level,flap valves w ill
open to the outside.A fan engine w illdraw in outside airforcooling the nacelle air.
G earlubrication oil,generatorcooling w aterand the variable speed unitare cooled
from a separate airintake,using separate w ater/aircooling system s.W atercoolers are therm ally insulated from otherparts ofthe nacelle.
A separate fan cools the transform er.
The heatexchangersystem is m ounted in a separate com partm entin the upper
rearsection ofthe nacelle.

Page: 5 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

1.2

R otor V90

1.2.1

H ub /N ose C one

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
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Type:

2004-03-02
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The hub is m ounted directly onto the gearbox,thereby elim inating the m ain shaft
traditionally used to transm itthe w ind pow erto the generatorthrough the gearbox.

1.2.2

Pitch R egulation
The V90 is equipped w ith a m icroprocessorcontrolled pitch controlsystem called
O ptiTip .Based on the prevailing w ind conditions,the blades are continuously positioned to the optim um pitch angle.
The pitch m echanism is placed in the hub.C hanges ofthe blade pitch angle are
m ade by hydraulic cylinders,w hich are able to rotate the blade 95.Every single
blade has its ow n hydraulic pitch cylinder.

1.2.3

H ydraulics
A hydraulic system produces hydraulic pressure forthe pitch system s in the hub.
In case ofgrid failure orleakage,a backup accum ulatorsystem provides sufficient
pressure to pitch the blades and stop the turbine.
A collectorsystem prevents oilleaks,ifany,from spreading outside the hub.

1.2.4

B lades
The blades are m ade offibre glass reinforced epoxy and carbon fibres.Each
blade consists ofan innerbeam encircled by tw o shells.The blades are designed
foroptim ised outputand m inim ised noise and lightreflection.The V90 blade design m inim izes the m echanicalloads applied to the turbine.
The blade bearing is a double raced 4-pointballbearing bolted to the blade hub.
Each blade has a lightning protection system consisting oflightning receptors on
the blade tip and a copperw ire conductorinside the blade.

Page: 6 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

1.3

C ontroland R egulation

1.3.1

Variable Speed D escription

D ate:
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Type:

2004-03-02
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Variable speed ensures a steady and stable electric pow erproduction from the
turbine.
The variable speed system consists ofan asynchronous generatorw ith w ound rotor,slip rings and pow erconverter.A pow erconverteris connected to the rotorto
controlthe generatoratvariable speed.In supersynchronous operation due to
w ind gusts,the excess rotorenergy is dissipated in a chopperresistor.
The variable speed and the O ptiTip system ensure energy optim isation,low noise
operation and reduction ofloads on allvitalcom ponents.
The system controls the currentin the rotorcircuitofthe generator.This gives precise controlofthe reactive pow er,and gives a sm ooth connection sequence w hen
the generatoris connected to the grid.
The reactive pow ercontrolis as defaultsetat0 KVArexport/im portat1000 V.

1.3.2

Vestas M ultiProcessor C ontroller


Allfunctions ofthe w ind turbine are m onitored and controlled by m icroprocessor
based controlunits called VM P (Vestas M ultiProcessor).
The VM P controllerconsists ofseveralindividualsub controllersystem s.Each
system has separate operation tasks and com m unicate via an optical-based netw ork (ArcN et).
The controllerenclosures are located in the bottom ofthe tow er,in the nacelle and
in the hub.
The operating system is VxW orks ,w hich fulfils the dem ands forstability,flexibility
and security thatare expected in a m odern,intelligentw ind turbine.
D igitaland analogue Input/O utputfunctions in the turbine are interfaced via the
use ofdistributed units com m unicating on the C AN -open protocol.
The VM P-controlleris equipped w ith a battery backup system .
The VM P controllerserves the follow ing functions:
x M onitoring and supervision ofthe operation.
x Synchronising the generatorto the grid during the connection sequence,in orderto lim itthe in rush current.
x O perating ofthe turbine during various faultsituations.
x Autom atic yaw ing ofthe nacelle in accordance to the w ind direction.
x O ptiTip -C ontrolling the blade pitch.
x R eactive pow ercontroland variable speed.
x N oise em ission control.
x M onitoring ofam bientconditions (w ind,tem perature,etc).
x M onitoring ofthe grid.
Page: 7 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

x M onitoring and logging oflightning strikes.


x Supervising ofthe sm oke detection system .
x D e-rating in case ofcriticalhigh tem peratures.
1.3.2.1

A ctive D am ping ofTow er O scillations


In the nacelle tw o accelerom eters are m ounted form onitoring longitudinaland
transverse oscillations.Such oscillations can in certain situations be introduced
w hen the rotationalfrequency ofthe rotoris close to the naturalinherentfrequency
(naturaloscillation)ofthe tow er,butalso high w ind speeds in com bination w ith
high turbulence m ay cause tow eroscillations.
Ifthe oscillations exceed a certain lim it,the system w illbring the turbine back to
norm aloperating conditions.
To avoid stopping the turbine,tow eroscillations are dam ped by changing the rotationalfrequency ofthe rotorand by pitching the blades.
To dam p longitudinaloscillations the blades are pitched synchronously.Transverse oscillations are dam ped by individualpitch.
The turbine is only stopped ifthe active dam ping is notsuccessful.

1.3.2.2

A ctive D am ping ofD rive Train TorsionalO scillations on Variable Speed


C ontrolled Turbines
O scillations thatm ay occuron the drive train can be m onitored by m easuring the
num berofrevolutions and can be dam ped via an active controlofthe generator.
Ifthe oscillations exceed a certain lim it,the system is activated in orderto stop furtherescalation ofthe drive train oscillations.

Page: 8 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

1.4

M onitoring

1.4.1

Sensors

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
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Type:

2004-03-02
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D ata forcontrolling the turbine and the energy production is received from different
sensors:
x W eatherconditions:W ind direction,w ind speed and tem perature.
x M achine conditions:Tem peratures,oilleveland pressure,cooling w aterlevel,
vibrations.
x R otoractivity:Speed and pitch position.
x C onstruction:Vibrations,lightning detectors.
x G rid connection:Active pow er,reactive pow er,voltage,current,frequency,
C osM.

1.4.2

Sensor Features

1.4.2.1

U ltrasonic W ind Sensors


The nacelle is equipped w ith tw o redundantultrasonic w ind sensors in orderto increase the reliability and accuracy ofthe w ind m easurem ents.The w ind sensors
m easure the w ind direction and w ind speed.
The sensoris self-testing,and ifthe sensorsignalis defective,the turbine w illbe
broughtto a safe condition.
To im prove perform ance during icy conditions the sensors are equipped w ith a
heating elem ent.
The sensors are located on top ofthe nacelle and are protected againstlightning
strikes.

1.4.2.2

Sm oke D etectors
The tow erand nacelle are equipped w ith opticalsm oke sensors.Ifsm oke is detected an alarm is sentvia the R C S (R em ote C ontrolSystem )and the m ain
sw itcheris activated.The detectors are self-controlling.Ifa detectorbecom es defective,a w arning is sentvia the R C S.

1.4.2.3

Lightning D etectors
Lightning detectors are located in each rotorblade.

1.4.2.4

A ccelerom eters
Accelerom eters registerthe m ovem ents ofthe tow ertop.The registrations are intelligent-controlled by the VM P and used to rem ove unfavourable m ovem ents and
vibrations.

1.4.2.5

G PS (R ealTim e C lock)
The G PS is prim arily used to synchronise the turbine clock.The G PS accuracy is
w ithin 1 second.Via this system itis possible to com pare the various log observations w ith otherturbines w ithin the sam e area/site.E.g.fluctuations in the pow er,
grid orlightning activity.
Page: 9 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

1.4.2.6

A rc Protection
The transform erand the low voltage sw itchboards are protected by an arc protection system .In case ofan electricalarc,the system w illinstantly open the m ain
breakerdow nstream from the turbine.

1.5

Lightning Protection
The V90 W ind Turbine is equipped w ith Vestas Lightning Protection,w hich protects the entire turbine from the tip ofthe blades to the foundation.The system enables the lightning currentto by-pass allvitalcom ponents w ithin the blade,nacelle
and tow erw ithoutcausing dam age.As an extra safety precaution,the controlunits
and processors in the nacelle are protected by an efficientshielding system .
The lightning protection is designed according to IEC 61024 Lightning Protection ofW ind Turbine G enerators.
Lightning detectors are m ounted on allthree rotorblades.D ata from the detectors
are logged and enable the operatorto identify w hich one ofthe blades thatw ere
hit,the exacttim e ofthe stroke,and how pow erfulthe lightning w as.
These data are very usefulform aking a rem ote estim ate ofpossible dam age to
the turbine and the need forinspection.

1.6

Service
Service interval:12 m onths

1.6.1

Lubrication ofC om ponents


x Blade bearings:Autom atic lubrication from an electrically driven unit. R e-fill
every 12 m onths.
x G eneratorbearings:Autom atically lubricated via the gearoilsystem .
x G earbox:The oilis collected in a tank.From the collection tank the oilis
pum ped to a heatexchangerand back to the gearbox.The pum ps distribute the
oilto the gearw heels and bearings.
x Yaw gear:lubrication in sealed oilbath,w hich is inspected every 12 m onths.
x H ydraulic system :The oillevelis inspected every 12 m onths.

Page: 10 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

3.

M icro Siting and N etw ork C onnection

3.1

Siting in W ind Farm s

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O ften w ind turbines are placed in w ind farm s w here park introduced turbulence
m ustbe taken into account.
Ifthe w ind conditions ofSection 4.2 and uniform w ind rose apply,then the w ind
turbines can be sited in a w ind farm w ith a distance ofatleast5 rotordiam eters
(450 m )betw een the w ind turbines.
Ifthe w ind turbines are placed in one row w ith the w ind conditions ofSection 4.2
and a uniform w ind rose,then distance betw een the w ind turbines should be at
least4 rotordiam eters (360 m ).
W ith above in m ind,itis recom m ended thatVestas participate in the m icro siting
evaluation ofthe w ind turbine.

3.2

Terrain C onditions
Ifthe terrain is outside the below listed rules orthe terrain otherw ise seem s com plex,particularconsiderations m ay be necessary and Vestas m ustbe contacted.
x W ithin a radius of100 m eters from the turbine,m ax.slope of10
x W ithin a radius of100 to 500 m eters from the turbine,m ax.slope of15
x W ithin a radius of500 to 2000 m eters radius from turbine,m ax.slope of20

3.3

C onnection to the ElectricalPow er G rid


The transform erin the nacelle is m anufactured to m eetthe nom inalvoltage ofthe
interconnection grid (see Section 7.7 foracceptable grid voltage range w ithoutfurthertransform ation). The voltage ofthe m edium voltage grid m ustbe w ithin +5/5% ofnom inalvoltage.Steady variations w ithin +2/-3 H z (60 H z)are acceptable.
Interm ittentorrapid grid frequency fluctuations m ay cause serious dam age to the
turbine.
Averaged overthe w ind turbines lifetim e,grid failure m ustnotoccurm ore than
once a w eek (e.g.m axim um of52 occurrences w ithin a year).
A ground connection ofm axim um 10 : m ustbe present.
The custom ers grounding system m ustbe designed forlocalsoilconditions.The
resistance to neutralground m ustbe in accordance w ith the requirem ents ofthe
localauthorities.
N B:W hen ordering,please provide VESTAS w ith precise inform ation aboutgrid
voltage in orderto facilitate specification ofthe transform ers nom inalvoltage and
w inding connection (delta connection on the m edium voltage w inding is supplied
as default,unless otherw ise specified).As an option,VESTAS offers m edium voltage sw itchgear.

Page: 21 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

4.

G eneralA m bientD esign C riteria

4.1

G eneralC onditions

D ate:
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Type:

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The w ind turbine is designed foroperation in am bienttem peratures ranging from


-20qC to +40qC .Allcom ponents including liquids,oiletc.are designed to survive
tem peratures as low as -40qC .Specialprecautions m ustbe taken outside these
tem peratures.Ifthe tem perature inside the nacelle exceeds 50qC ,the turbine is
paused.
The relative hum idity can be 100 % (m ax.10 % ofthe lifetim e).C orrosion protection according to ISO 12944-2 orcorrosion class C 5M (outside)and C 3 to C 4 (inside).Allcorrosion protections are designed forlong lifetim e (m ore than 15 years).
See specialdifferentiation on tow erin section 7.17 Tow er.

4.2

W ind C onditions
The w ind conditions can be described by a W eibulldistribution w here the annual
average w ind speed and a shape param eterdescribe the w ind distribution.Further
the w ind clim ate can be described by m axim um w ind speeds and the turbulence.
Turbulence is a factorto describe short-term w ind variations/fluctuations.Below is
listed the design conditions assum ed forthe operating environm entforthe Vestas
V90-3.0 M W ,60 H z w ind turbine.
x
x
x
x
x
x

Standard
Average w ind speed
C -param eter
Turbulence I15*)
M ax average w ind **)
M ax w ind gust***)

IEC IIA
8.5 m /s
2
18%
42.5 m /s
59.5 m /s

*)The turbulence is w ind dependentand varies from 34.1 16.1% atw ind speeds
betw een 4 -25 m /s.At15 m /s the turbulence is 18%
**)10 m in.,50 yearsm ean w ind speed
***)3 sec.,50 yearsgustw ind speed
W ind speed and turbulence referto hub height.
The above listed w ind conditions are design param eters as is the cutoutw ind
speed.O therparam eters can also influence the turbine lifetim e and the follow ing
values should notbe exceeded.
x
x
x

M ax w ind gustacceleration
C utoutW ind Speed
R estartW ind Speed

10 m /s2
25 m /s
20 m /s

Page: 22 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

5.

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
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Type:

2004-03-02
I
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Type A pprovals
The V90 3.0 M W w ind turbine w illbe type approved in accordance w ith:
x
x
x
x
x

IEC W T01
D S472
N VN 11400-0
D IBtR ichtlinie frW indkraftanlagen
SITAC

6.

O ptions

6.1

Pow er Q uality
The turbine is optionally equipped w ith a three-phase voltage-and currentm easuring m odule.
The instrum enttransform ers are located on the m edium -voltage side,w hich afford
the possibility to com pensate the reactive pow erconsum ption in transform erand
connection cables.
Based on m easurem ents the follow ing w illbe calculated:
x R M S active pow er
x R M S reactive pow er
x Phase angle (C os Phi)
x Frequency
x Asym m etric am pere/voltage
From these calculations statistics are m ade on the pow erquality.

6.2

M edium Voltage Sw itch G ear


The purpose ofthe sw itch gearis to protectthe turbine againstovercurrent,short
circuitand ground faults.The sw itchgearconsists ofa gas-tighttank containing
SF6 gas,a load-interruptersw itch and a resettable faultinterrupter,w ith visible
open gaps (w here required),integralvisible grounds and a m icroprocessor-based
overcurrentcontrol.The load-breakeris also a 3-positioned breaker,w hich can
earth the transform ercable through the circuitbreaker.Load-interruptersw itch
term inals are equipped w ith bushings rated 600 am peres continuous,and faultinterrupterterm inals thatare equipped w ith bushing w ells rated 200 am peres continuous orbushings rated 600 am peres continuous (as specified)to provide forelbow connection.M anualoperating m echanism s and view ing w indow s are located
to protectoperating personnelfrom the bushings and bushing w ells w hile perform ing any routine operations.A m otor-operatoris available forrem ote tripping ofthe
sw itchgear,by the VM P controller,arc detector,sm oke detectororm anually from
the nacelle.
Loop in and -outoption is available.
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Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

6.3

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

R em ote C ontroland M onitoring VestasO nlineTM


The VestasO nline productfam ily is the new generation ofrem ote m onitoring
and controlsolutions from Vestas.Itis based on field experience from the proven
Vestas R em ote PanelforW indow s (W R PW in)and Vestas G raphicalC ontroland
Supervision (VG C S)program s. VestasO nline consists ofthree separate productpackages:
VestasO nline Standard -designed forcontroland m onitoring ofsingle w ind
turbines and sm allerw ind pow erplants,typically consisting ofup to 20 w ind turbines.
VestasO nline Professional-designed forw ind pow erplants thatrequire additionalfunctionality and flexibility as itincludes a professionalSQ L database w ith
capacity to store severalyears ofw ind pow erplantdata.In addition,
VestasO nline Professionalalso integrates and controls otherw ind pow erplant
equipm entsuch as substations,grid m easurem entstations,m eteorologicalequipm entand PLC system s.VestasO nline Professionalis the recom m ended solution forsingle w ind pow erplants consisting ofup to 250 w ind turbines.
VestasO nline Enterprise -is the high-end m em berofthe productfam ily.It
contains allthe features ofVestasO nline Professionalplus additionaladvanced
softw are options form onitoring and m anaging m ultiple w ind pow erplants.
VestasO nline Enterprise is the recom m ended solution forw ind pow erplants
consisting ofup to 2000 w ind turbines as w ellas forw ind pow erplants w ith the
highestdem and forsystem availability.

6.4

O bstruction Light
Atcustom ers request,Vestas is capable ofdelivering optionalobstruction lighting
forthe V90 turbine.The turbine w illbe equipped w ith 2 obstruction lights on the
nacelle,placed in such a m annerthatatleastone lightw illalw ays be visible.
The follow ing standard integrated aviation lightoptions are available:
1. Low intensity.R ed 10-200 cd.
2. M edium intensity.R ed/w hite/dual200-2000 cd.
3. M edium intensity.R ed/w hite/dual2000 -20000 cd.
The options are designed according to the IC AO -and the FAA codes.
W hen using obstruction lightdelivered by Vestas,a range ofadditionalfeatures
are offered:R em ote m onitoring oflightfunction,supervision ofrem aining lifetim e,
alarm ifa lam p failure occurs and intensity controlaccording to w eathervisibility
and U PS.W hen installed in a w ind farm ,the obstruction lightflash can be synchronized throughoutthe w hole w ind farm .

6.5

Service liftinside the tow er


The turbine can be delivered w ith a U L/C SA approved service liftinside the tow er.
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Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

6.6

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

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Type:

2004-03-02
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W ind turbine color


R al9010 (w hite)and R al7035 (lightgrey)is available.

7.

TechnicalSpecifications & D iagram s

7.1

R otor
D iam eter:
Sw eptarea:
Speed,nom inalpow er:
rotor:
R otationaldirection:
O rientation:
Tilt:
Blade coning:
N um berofblades:
Aerodynam ic brakes:

7.2

H ub
Type:
M aterial:
W eight:

7.3

Airfoilshells bonded to supporting beam


Fibreglass reinforced epoxy and carbon fibres
Steelrootinserts
R IS P + FFA-W 3
44 m
3.512 m
0.391 m
17.5

B earings
Type:

7.5

Sensors

7.5.1

Lightning D etector
Appellation:
Signal:

7.5.2

SG C astIron
G JS-400-18U -LT
8500 kg

B lades
Principle:
M aterial:
Blade connection:
Airfoils:
Length:
C hord atblade root:
C hord atblade tip:
Tw ist(blade root/blade tip):

7.4

90 m
6362 m 2
16.1 R PM Speed,D ynam ic operation range
9.9 -18.4 R PM
C lockw ise (frontview )
U pw ind
6
4
3
Fullfeathering

4-pointballbearing

Lightning detector
O pticalAnalogue

W ind Sensor
Appellation:
Signal:

U ltrasonic w ind sensor,(2 units)


R S485/optical
Page: 25 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

Accuracy:

7.5.3

+/-0.1 m /s,less than 5 m /s


+/-2 % ,m ore than 5 m /s

Sm oke detector
D igital24 V

M ovem ents and Vibrations


Appellation:
Signal:

7.6

2004-03-02
I
M an.

Sm oke
Appellation:
Signal:

7.5.4

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

Accelerom eter,tow er
R S485

G enerator
R ated pow er:
Type:
Voltage:
Frequency:
N o.ofpoles:
C lass ofprotection:
R ated speed:
R ated pow erfactor,
defaultat1000 V:
Pow erfactorrange at
1000 V:

G enerator60 H z
3.0 M W
Asynchronous w ith w ound rotor,
slip rings and VC R S
1000 VAC
60 H z
4
IP54
1758
1.0
0.98C AP -0.96IN D

Page: 26 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

7.7

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

2004-03-02
I
M an.

Transform er
Type:
R ated Pow er:
H igh voltage:
Frequency:
Vectorgroup:
H V Tappings:

C astresin
3160 kVA
10 34.5 kV
60 H z
D yn
2 x 2.5%

Low voltage:
Pow erat1000 V:

1000 V
3326 kVA

Low voltage:
Pow erat400 V:

400 V
168 kVA

7.8

Sw itch G earElectricalC haracteristics

7.8.1

Feeder Function
R ated voltage [kV](M ax.system voltage)
R ated current[A]
Shorttim e w ithstand current(1 or3 s)[kA]
Insulation level:
Pow erfrequency (1 m in)[kV]
Lightning im pulse [kV peak]
M aking capacity [kA peak]
Breaking capacity:
M ainly active current[A]

7.8.2

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

27
600
25

38
600
25

50
125
40

50
150
40

600

600

C ircuitB reaker Function


R ated voltage [kV](M ax.system voltage)
R ated current[A]
Shorttim e w ithstand current(1 or3 s)[kA]
Insulation level:
Pow erfrequency (1 m in)[kV]
Lightning im pulse [kV peak]
M aking capacity [kA peak]
Breaking capacity [kA]

27
600
25

38
600
25

50
125
40
25

50
150
40
25

Page: 27 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W

Issued by:R &D departm ent

7.9

PZ.I.4420.2802.10
M PM 030
Separate hydraulic pum p unit

H ydraulics
Pressure:
Placem ent:

7.14

2 planetary stage + 1 helicalstage


EF901AE55-K1
461 m m
1:109.0 (60 H z)

Parking B rake
Type:
Brake Pad type:
Supply:

7.13

4-step planetary gearw ith m otorbrake


2.2 kW ,4 pole,asynchronous

G earbox
Type:
Type no.:
Shaftdistance:
R atio:

7.12

Plain bearing system w ith built-in friction


Forged yaw ring heat-treated.Plain bearings PETP
<0.5q/sec

Yaw G ears
Type:
M otor:

7.11

2004-03-02
I
M an.

Yaw System
Type:
M aterial:
Yaw ing speed:

7.10

60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

250 bar
The com plete hydraulic system is m ounted in the hub.

C ooling System
G earoilcooling:

2 w ater/aircooling units located above the transform er


room .C onnected to the oil/w aterheatexchangerlocated
by the gearoiltank.

G eneratorcooling:
2 w ater/aircoolers located above the transform erroom .
W ater-cooling:
C oupled on generatorcooler.
Transform ercooling: C ooling airis blow n through the w indings from the bottom
ofthe transform er.
N acelle cooling:

C ooling ofthe nacelle is done by leading airthrough the


glassfibre floorbehind the tow er.O utgoing airis led
through a fan to the transform erroom and is laterblow n out
atthe rearend ofthe nacelle.The airintake is controlled by
a flap valve,w hich opens w hen the nacelle tem perature reaches a certain level.

Page: 28 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

Issued by:R &D departm ent

7.15

W eight:
R earpart:

Spheroidalgraphite iron G JS-400-18U -LT


Foundation forgear,generator,yaw bedding,crane-girders
and rearfoundation.
8500 kg
W elded gratings integrated w ith crane girders.
Foundation forelectricalpanels,transform erand cooling
room .

N acelle
M aterial:

7.17

2004-03-02
I
M an.

N acelle B edplate
Frontpart:

7.16

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

Fibreglass

Tow er
Type:
M aterial:
Surface treatm ent:
C orosion class,outside:
C orosion class,inside:
Top diam eterforalltow ers:
Bottom diam eterforalltow ers:
3-parted,m odulartow er
3-parted,m odulartow er

C onicaltubular
S355
Painted
C 4 (ISO 12944-2)/offshore C 5-M
C 3 (ISO 12944-2)/offshore C 4
2.3 m
3.98 m
H ub H eight
65 m
80 m

The exacthub heightlisted includes 0.55 m distance from the foundation section
to the ground leveland 2.0 m distance from the tow ertop flange to the hub center.

7.18

W eightand D im ensions

7.18.1

N acelle
Including hub and nose cone:
Length:
13.25 m
W idth:
3.6 m
H eight:
4.05 m
W eightapp.
88000 kg +/-3000 kg
W ithouthub and nose cone:
Length:
9.65 m
W idth:
3.6 m
H eight:
4.05 m
W eightapp.: 68000 kg +/-2000 kg

Page: 29 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

Issued by:R &D departm ent

7.18.2

2004-03-02
I
M an.

G earbox
Length:
D iam eter:
W eightm ax.:

7.18.3

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2100 m m
2600 m m
23000 kg

G enerator
Length m ax.: 2800 m m
D iam eterm ax.: 1100 m m
W eightm ax: 8500 kg

7.18.4

Transform er
Length:
W idth:
H eight:
W eightm ax.:

7.18.5

2340 m m
1090 m m
2150 m m
8000 kg

R otor B lades
Length:
44 m
W eight.:6600 kg/pcs +/-400 kg.

7.18.6

Sw itch G ear,Feeder Function (O ption)


R ated voltage [kV]
W idth [m m ]
H eight[m m ]
D epth [m m ]
W eight[kg]

7.18.7

24
370
1400
850
135

36
420
1800
850
140

Sw itch G ear,C ircuitB reaker Function (O ption)


R ated voltage [Kv]
W idth [m m ]
H eight[m m ]
D epth [m m ]
W eight[kg]

24
480
1400
850
218

36
600
1800
850
238

Page: 30 of31

Item no.:950010.R 1
Issued by:R &D departm ent

8.

G eneralSpecification forV90 3.0 M W


60 H z Variable Speed Turbine

D ate:
C lass:
Type:

2004-03-02
I
M an.

G eneralR eservations,N otes and D isclaim ers

Alldata are valid atsea level(U=1.225 kg/m 3).

Periodic operationaldisturbances and generatorpow erde-rating m ay be caused by com bination ofhigh w inds,low voltage orhigh tem perature.

Vestas recom m ends thatthe electricalgrid be as close to nom inalas possible w ith little
variation in frequency.

A certain tim e allow ance forturbine w arm -up m ustbe expected follow ing grid dropout
and/orperiods ofvery low am bienttem perature.

Ifthe w ind turbine is sited atelevations greaterthan 1000 m (3300 ft)above sea level,a
higherthan usualtem perature rise m ay occurin electricalcom ponents.In such cases,a
periodic pow erreduction from rated electricaloutputm ay occur. This m ay occureven
w hen the am bienttem perature rem ains w ithin specified lim its.

Furtherm ore,sites situated atgreaterthan 1000 m (3300 ft.)above sea levelusually experience an increased risk oficing in m ostclim ates.

Because ofcontinuous developm entand productupgrade,Vestas reserves the rightto


change oralterthese specifications atany tim e.

Alllisted start/stop param eters (e.g.w ind speeds and tem peratures)are equipped w ith
hysteresis control.This can,in certain borderline situations,resultin turbine stops even
though the am bientconditions are w ithin the listed operation param eters.

9.

Perform ance N ote

TH E PER FO R M AN C E O F TH E VESTAS V90-3.0 M W W IN D TU R BIN ES C AN AN D W ILL


VAR Y D EPEN D IN G O N N U M ER O U S VAR IABLES,M AN Y O F W H IC H AR E C O N SID ER ED
AS PAR T O F TH E PER FO R M AN C E M EASU R EM EN T STAN D AR D SET FO R TH IN TH ESE
G EN ER AL SPEC IFIC ATIO N S.M AN Y O F TH ESE VAR IABLES IN C LU D IN G ,BU T N O T
LIM ITED TO ,SITE LO C ATIO N ,IN STALLATIO N ,TU R BIN E C O N D ITIO N ,TU R BIN E
M AIN TEN AN C E AN D EN VIR O N M EN TAL/C LIM ATIC C O N D ITIO N S AR E BEYO N D TH E
C O N TR O L O F VESTAS.U N LESS O TH ER VISE C O N TR AC TU ALLY AG R EED IN W R ITIN G ,
ALL PER FO R M AN C E SPEC IFIC ATIO N S SET FO R TH IN TH ESE G EN ER AL
SPEC IFIC ATIO N S IN C LU D IN G ,BU T N O T LIM ITED TO ,PO W ER C U R VES,AN N U AL
PR O D U C TIO N S AN D N O ISE EM ISSIO N S SH O U LD BE U SED FO R G U ID EAN C E O N LY,
AN D N O T AS A PR ED IC TO R O R G U AR AN TEE O F FU TU R E PER FO R M AN C E.FO R
AD D ITIO N AL IN FO R M ATIO N R EG AR D IN G TH E IN STALLATIO N ,M AIN TEN AN C E AN D
PER FO R M AN C E O F TH E VESTAS V903.0 M W W IN D TU R BIN ES,PLEASE C O N TAC T
VESTAS D IR EC TLY.

Page: 31 of31

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APPENDIX C
RECORDKEEPING FORMS
Discharge Notification Form
Agency Notification Standard Report
Record of Annual Discharge Prevention Briefings and Training
Storage Area Inspection Log Sheet
Aboveground Tank Inspection Log Sheet
Spill Response Kit Inspection Checklist

DISCHARGE NOTIFICATION FORM


Part A: Discharge Information
General information when reporting a spill to outside authorities:
Name:
Hounsfield Wind Farm
Address:
Galloo Island
Hounsfield, NY 13685
Telephone:
(315) 221-0893
Owner/Operator:
Upstate New York Power Corporation
950-A Union Road, Suite 20
West Seneca, NY 14224-3454
Primary Contact:
Thomas L. Hagner, Spill Response Coordinator
Work:
(716) 675-0751
Cell (24 hrs):
(716) 863-5331
Type of oil:

Discharge Date and Time:

Quantity released:

Discovery Date and Time:

Quantity released to a waterbody:

Discharge Duration:

Location/Source:
Actions taken to stop, remove, and mitigate impacts of the discharge:

Affected media:
G air
G water
G soil
Notification person:

G storm water sewer/POTW


G dike/berm/oil-water separator
G other: _________________________
Telephone contact:
Business:
24-hr:

Nature of discharges, environmental/health effects, and damages:

Injuries, fatalities or evacuation required?

Part B: Notification Checklist


Date and time

Name of person receiving call

Discharge in any amount


Thomas L. Hagner, Spill Response Coordinator
(716) 675-0751 / (716) 863-5331
Discharge in amount exceeding 5 gallons and not affecting a waterbody or groundwater
Local Fire Department
Fire Chief: John Taylor
(315) 938-5688 or 911
New York State Department of Environmental
Conservation
(800) 457-7362 or (518) 457-7362
Discharge in any amount and affecting (or threatening to affect) a waterbody
Local Fire Department
Fire Chief: John Taylor
(315) 938-5688 or 911
New York State Department of Environmental
Conservation
(800) 457-7362 or (518) 457-7362
National Response Center
(800) 424-8802
Op-Tech
(315) 437-2065

AGENCY NOTIFICATION STANDARD REPORT


Information contained in this report, and any supporting documentation, must be submitted to the USEPA
Region 2 Regional Administrator, and to the NYSDEC, within 60 days of the qualifying discharge incident.

Facility:

Hounsfield Wind Farm

Owner/operator:

Upstate New York Power Corporation


950-A Union Road, Suite 20
West Seneca, NY 14224-3454

Name of person filing report:


Location:

Galloo Island
Hounsfield, NY 13685

Maximum storage capacity:

64,000 gallons

Daily throughput:

<600 gallons

Nature of qualifying incident(s):

Discharge to navigable waters or adjoining shorelines exceeding 1,000 gallons


Second discharge exceeding 42 gallons within a 12-month period.

Description of facility (attach maps, flow diagrams, and topographical maps):


The Hounsfield Wind Farm handles, stores and uses petroleum products in the form of diesel fuel,
transformer oil, lubricants, and used oil. The transformer oil is stored in four power transformers, and the
lubricants are stored within the wind turbines and in the Storage Building. Diesel fuel is stored in
aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) located at Operation and Maintenance (O&M) portion of the facility,
and adjacent to the concrete batch plant. No other refueling is done at the facility. Drums and other breakbulk containers (containers with capacities of less than 110 gallons) are stored in the Storage Building
located at the O&M portion of facility.
The Hounsfield Wind Farm is located on Galloo Island in the town of Hounsfield, New York. The site is
comprised of approximately 2,200 acres of land and is bordered on all sides by Lake Ontario.
Site improvements include 84 wind turbines, helipad, meteorological towers, a temporary concrete batch
plant, off-loading facilities (permanent/temporary), O&M structures, housing and an electrical substation.

Agency Notification Standard Report (contd)


Cause of the discharge(s), including a failure analysis of the system and subsystems in which the
failure occurred:

Corrective actions and countermeasures taken, including a description of equipment repairs and
replacements:

Additional preventive measures taken or contemplated to minimize possibility of recurrence:

Other pertinent information:

RECORD OF ANNUAL DISCHARGE PREVENTION


BRIEFINGS AND TRAINING
Briefings will be scheduled and conducted by the Resident Engineer for operating personnel at regular
intervals to ensure adequate understanding of the SPCC Plan. The briefings will also highlight and describe
known discharge events or failures, malfunctioning components, and recently implemented precautionary
measures and best practices. Personnel will also be instructed in operation and maintenance of equipment to
prevent the discharge of oil, and in applicable pollution laws, rules, and regulations. Facility operators and
other personnel will have an opportunity during the briefings to share recommendations concerning health,
safety, and environmental issues encountered during facility operations.
Date

Subjects Covered

Employees in Attendance

Instructor(s)

STORAGE AREA INSPECTION LOG SHEET

Location (Building Number or Map Reference Code):


Inspected by:

Title:

Signature:

Date of Inspection:
Drums

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Any evidence of faulty seals or missing plugs?


Any labels missing?
Any evidence of corrosion, cracks, or bulges?
Any drums inadequately secured from tipping or rolling?
Any evidence of spills or leaks?

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes

No
No

Transformers and Wind Turbines


6. Any evidence of transformer overheating or malfunction?
7. Any labels missing?
8. Any evidence of transformer corrosion, cracks, or bulges?
9. Any evidence of turbine hydraulic/gear/yaw oil or transformer oil
spills or leaks?
Indoor Containment Area
10. Any spills or leaks?
11. Excessive debris accumulation?

For any items above which "Yes" was checked, please complete the back of this form.

STORAGE AREA INSPECTION LOG SHEET


Inspection
Item No.
from List

Describe
Condition

Describe Corrective Action


Needed

Person Responsible
for Correction Action

Date
Responsible
Person
Notified

Date
Corrective
Action
Completed

ABOVEGROUND TANK INSPECTION LOG SHEET


(IF AND WHEN NEEDED)

Tank Identification
Number:
Inspected by:

Signature:

Title:
Date of Inspection:

Day:

Night:

Weather:

Clear

Rain

Snow

Temperature:

< 0F

0 - 32F

33 - 80F

Tank Heated:

Yes

No

Tank Insulated:
Tank Inspection

1. Drip Marks
2. Discoloration of tank wall.
3. Puddles of material stored in tank.
4. Corrosion
5. Localized dead vegetation.
6. Tank foundation cracks or discoloration.
7. Foundation settling or gaps between tank and foundation.
8. Foundation damage caused by vegetation roots.
9. Evidence of product seepage at valves, fittings, or piping.
10. Piping corrosion or deflection of pipe between supports.
11. Drain valves unlocked or line caps missing.
12.Other problems
Secondary Containment Inspection
11. Condition of containment - any cracks or erosion damage.
12. Excessive rain water in containment.
13. Open or damaged containment drainage valves.
14. Any discoloration or presence of free product.
15. Presence of debris.
16. Any evidence of stressed vegetation.
17. Lighting inadequate.

> 80F
Yes

No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

No
No
No
No
No
No
No

N/A
N/A

For any items above which "Yes" was checked, please complete the back of this form.

ABOVEGROUND TANK INSPECTION LOG SHEET


(IF AND WHEN NEEDED)
Inspection
Item No.
from List

Describe
Condition

Describe Corrective Action


Needed

Person Responsible for


Correction Action

Date
Responsible
Person
Notified

Date
Corrective
Action
Completed

SPILL RESPONSE KIT INSPECTION CHECKLIST

Location (Building Number or Map Reference Code):


Inspected by:

Title:

Signature:

Date of Inspection:

1. Is the spill kit label missing?


2. Is the spill kit hard to find?
3. Is the spill kit missing:
Gloves?
Goggles?
Absorbent material?

Yes
Yes

No
No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No
No

4. Is the spill kit open?

Yes
Yes

# if no

For any items above which "Yes" was checked, please complete the back of this form.

SPILL RESPONSE KIT INSPECTION LOG


Equipment
Description

Describe Discrepancy
Between Equipment List
and Actual Equipment
at this Location

Describe Corrective Action


Needed
(Specify Replacement Date if
Shelf Life will be exceeded by
next Inspection Date)

Person Responsible
for Correction Action

Date Responsible
Person Notified

Date
Corrective
Action
Completed