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A K2B Internationals Premier Oil and Gas Conference On:

2008

Basin Analysis Asia


Successfully Mitigate Exploration Risks And Costs Via Effective Techniques
Main Conference: 12-13 May 2008
Post Conference Workshops: 14 May 2008
Hotel Imperial Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Basin Analysis Asia 2008 looks at the latest trends and


developments in Basin Analysis. Experts from America, Australia,
India, Indonesia, China, Norway and Philippines will share with
you case studies and impart their experiences in Basin Analysis.
Over the past few years, there have been significant advances in the
ability to describe and quantify the physical processes responsible
for the development of sedimentary basins. These processes operate
over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Quantification offers
the ability to investigate this interaction between tectonic, erosional
and sedimentary processes. This aids the determination of basin
architecture, sedimentary facies and the stratigraphic stacking patterns
that characterise basin systems. Good understanding of this total big
geologic picture will facilitate better geological interpretations and
predictions, which will translate into higher drilling success rates.
Basin Analysis Asia 2008 will heighten your understanding of the
development of hydrocarbon potential. There will be an innovative and
practical approach for you to learn new concepts and methdologies of
basin analysis and sequence stratigraphy!

PLUS DONT MISS OUR POST-CONFERENCE


WORKSHOPS ON 14 MAY!
WORKSHOP A: Geochemical Prospecting Strategies For Mitigation Of
Exploration Risk & Basin Analysis
LED BY:

Dr. B. Kumar
Advisor & Former Deputy Director
NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INDIA

WORKSHOP B: Oil Migration And Hydrocarbon Charge History Analysis:


Innovative Techniques And Case Studies From Southeast
Asia, China And Australia.
LED BY:

Dr. Keyu Liu


Principal Research Scientist and Team Leader
CSIRO PETROLEUM AUSTRALIA

Early Bird Discount!


Register 4 delegates for the price of
3 before 28 March 2008

DISTINGUISHED PANEL OF
INTERNATIONAL SPEAKERS
Dr. Michael Erdmann

Discipline Advisor and Network Leader


STATOILHYDRO ASA, NORWAY

Tri Sawindono

President Director
PT PERTAMINA E&P, INDONESIA

Dr. Mohammad Keramati

Head Of Institute Of Petroleum Industry


NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY

Dr. Nishikanta Kundu

Petroleum System Modeler


RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED, INDIA

Raymundo B. Savella

Exploration Manager
PHILLIPINES NATIONAL OIL COMPANY - EXPLORATION

Supaporn Pisutha-Arnond
Senior Geologist
PTTEP, THAILAND

Bin Zhang

Petroleum Geologist
PETROCHINA

Dr. Sigit Sukmono

Associate Professor/ Chairman


BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCES STUDY CENTER, INDONESIA

Dr. Nguyen The Hung

Manager of Overseas Geology Department


PETROVIETNAM

Dr. Keyu Liu

Principal Research Scientist and Team Leader


CSIRO PETROLEUM AUSTRALIA

Organised By:

K2B International
K N O W L E D G E

Dr. B. Kumar

Adviser & Former Deputy Director


NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INDIA

B U S I N E S S

Media Partners:

Mohammad Syaiful

Senior Geologist/ Technical Manager


EXPLORATION THINK TANK INDONESIA

Dr. C. Robertson Handford

Sedimentologist and Stratigrapher


STRATA-SEARCH, USA

REGISTER TODAY! Tel: (65) 6732 0522 Fax: (65) 6736 3830 Email: register@k2b.com.sg Website: www.k2b.com.sg/baa2008

Conference Day 1

Basin Analysis Asia 2008

12 May 2008, Monday


8.30am

Registration & Coffee

9.00am

Chairpersons Welcome & Opening Address


Use of 1-D, 2-D and 3-D basin modeling

Use of geochemical data for basin modeling
Moderator: Mr. Mohammad Syaiful
EXPLORATION THINK TANK, INDONESIA
Panelists:
Dr. C Robertson Handford
STRATA-SEARCH, USA
Dr. Michael Erdmann
STATOILHYDRO ASA, NORWAY
Dr. Nishikanta Kundu
RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED, INDIA

Dr. C. Robertson Handford


Sedimentologist and Stratigrapher
STRATA-SEARCH, USA
9.15am

10.00am

MODERNIZING STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY IN


RUSSIA KEY TO EXPANDING PRODUCTION AND DELINEATING
GIANT STRATIGRAPHIC TRAPS IN WESTERN SIBERIA
Key stratigraphic discontinuity surfaces are recognizable in cores
when physical sedimentology and ichnofacies analysis are used
hand-in-hand. This approach is critically important to recognizing
stratigraphic controls over reservoir development in (1) Jurassic
tide-dominated estuarine to wave-dominated shoreface siliciclastic
facies and (2) Cretaceous shelf deltas and incised valleys filled with
lowstand bayhead-deltaic and fluvial-meanderbelt sand reservoirs.
Maximum use of all data is completed when log and core
interpretations are integrated with 3D seismic stratigraphy
and seismic geomorphology to help explain seismic reflection
geometries and seismic attributes. Such data allow us to visualize
the 3-dimensional distribution of depositional systems and to
reconstruct the seascapes and landscapes, which show the actual
distribution of depositional systems. Visualization of these systems
now enables us to drill more smartly and avoid costly dry holes and
well-spot patterns.
Dr. C. Robertson Handford
Sedimentologist and Stratigrapher
STRATA-SEARCH, USA
RISKING OF STRATIGRAPHIC TRAPS REVISITED USING
PETROLEUM SYSTEM ANALYSIS
The risk for drilling stratigraphic traps is often considered to be
substantially high and mainly connected to seal failure. Investigations
of seal integrity will often be carried out by applying sedimentologic
and/ or empirical approaches. Here we demonstrate the usefulness
of looking at stratigraphic trap risk through the eyes of the petroleum
system analysts. Processes of filling, capillary failure and darcy flow
governed leakage are considered taking into account trapping
geometries typical for stratigraphic traps. The implications are found
to be a higher risk of charging and petroleum migration rather than
seal quality. On the other hand traps may even be filled in case of
poor seal. These statements are derived not only from the study of
accumulations and experimental data but also from exploration
failures.
Dr. Michael Erdmann
Discipline Advisor and Network Leader
Global Exploration Technology, Carbonates & Basin Analysis
STATOILHYDRO ASA, NORWAY

12.45pm

Lunch

2.00pm

NEW EXPLORATION CONCEPTS IN NW PALAWAN INTEGRATING


SEISMIC SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY AND BASIN MODELING
Wells drilled in the Nido and Galoc horizons had not been successful
and a shift in exploration philosophy was developed. This involves
the Paleogene Syn-Rift sequences, which incidentally is also the
source rock horizon. The Syn-Rift sequences have not been fully
understood because of the scarcity of geologic data and poor
quality of the seismic data. An integrated approach using sequence
stratigraphy and basin modeling was used to determine if the SynRift sequences were prospective for exploration. Results have shown
that potential plays exist within the Syn-rift and are identified as the
lowstand sands that have been deposited in basin floor fans, leveed
channels and incised valley fills. These potential reservoirs are very
close to the identified source rocks, which are mature enough to
generate hydrocarbons. The Syn-Rift play opens a new avenue for
exploration in NW Palawan.
Raymundo B. Savella
Exploration Manager
PHILLIPINES NATIONAL OIL COMPANY
EXPLORATION CORPORATION

2.45pm

DEEPWATER BIOGENIC AND THERMOGENIC PETROLEUM


SYSTEMS OF EAST COAST OF INDIA
The sedimentary basins of East Coast of India were major intracratonic
rift within Gondwanaland until Early Jurassic and became a
pericratonic basin since Cretaceous. The basin had evolved through
rifting and subsequent drifting during Mesozoic. Discovery of multi
TCF shallow tertiary biogenic gas and deep Mesozoic thermogenic oil
and gas requires a thorough understanding on processes involved in
generation, migration and entrapment of hydrocarbons in the basin.
An attempt to explain the above using basin modelling techniques
in the Tertiary and Mesozoic reservoirs in the deep water basins of
Krishna-Godavari area will be discussed.
Dr. Nishikanta Kundu
Petroleum System Modeler
RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED, INDIA

10.45am

Morning Networking Break

3.30pm

Afternoon Networking Break

11.15am

OCCURRENCE OF FINE-GRAINED SEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN


CHINESE NON-MARINE BASINS
The formation of fine-grained rocks in non-marine basins was
influenced by many factors, such as the lithology of host rocks from
the provenance, paleo-climate, paleo-structure and paleo-drainage
patterns. Small-scale rift basins are often characterized by a stable
profound lake area with narrow margin and fine-grained rocks
mainly in lacustrine facies. The distributive extent of fine-grained
sediments in large-scale depression basins under humid condition
is mainly related to A/S. Fine-grained rocks are not only the source
rocks, but also a key element of the stratigraphic trap as cap rocks
related HC accumulations. The good association of both fine grained
and coarse grain rocks is favorable for the generation and sealing of
oil and gas in the basin. The hydrocarbon generation potential of
dark mudstone is examined under different conditions.
Bin Zhang
Petroleum Geologist
PETROCHINA

4.00pm

BASIN ANALYSIS CASE STUDY


With 28 years of professional working experience in the oil and gas
industry, Mr Tri Siwindono is very well-equipped with aspects of the
exploration process. He is a respected expert in his field and was in
charge of many exploration projects in PT Pertamina EP, Indonesia.
He will present a relevant case study he encountered and enlighten
us to some best practises that lead to successful hydrocarbon
discovery.
Tri Siwindono
President Director
PT PERTAMINA EP, INDONESIA

4.45pm

AN ANALYSIS IN A FORE-ARC BASIN


At convergent margins, forearc basins are commonly ponded
between the leading edge of the continental lithosphere and the
arcward part of the accretionary wedge. Seismic reflection data from
numerous margins typically exhibits one of three common basin-fill
configurations, each of which reflects an interplay between the rate
at which sediment is supplied to the basin and the rate at which the
basin is deformed by ongoing growth and uplift of the accretionary
wedge. A case study of Simeuleu Island sea is discussed, showing
carbonate build ups in the reservoir to be one of the indications of
the existence of oil and gas.
Mohammad Syaiful
Senior Geologist/ Technical Manager
EXPLORATION THINK TANK INDONESIA

5.30pm

Chairpersons Summary and Conclusion of Day 1

12.00pm

INTERACTIVE PANEL DISCUSSION I: ADDRESSING RISKS


PRIOR TO DRILLING A WELL
Explore your individuals concerns in this discussion with the panel
experts sharing their views and ideas. Topics to be discussed
include:

Assessment on the trap and seal, reservoir and hydrocarbon
charge

Integrated evaluation of hydrocarbon charge and retention

Type of well data suitable for calibration

REGISTER TODAY! Tel: (65) 6732 0522 Fax: (65) 6736 3830 Email: register@k2b.com.sg Website: www.k2b.com.sg/baa2008

Conference Day 2

Basin Analysis Asia 2008

13 May 2008, Tuesday


8.30am

Re-registration & Coffee

12.45pm

Lunch

9.00am

Chairpersons Welcome & Opening Address

1.45pm

SMART & EFFICIENT SEISMIC RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION


TECHNIQUES FOR EFFECTIVE BASIN ANALYSIS
In an effective basin analysis, one crucial step is how to delineate the
geometry of targeted reservoir and understand its physical properties
in an efficient way. Since well and seismic data is normally still
limited, the challenge is how to select the best and most applicable
seismic techniques which suit the unique geological condition of the
studied basin. Over the past 20 years ITB & PGSC have done extensive
studies in the field of seismic reservoir characterization techniques.
A number of innovative approaches have been developed to smartly
apply the seismic techniques for mapping fundamental reservoir
properties such as reservoir geometry, facies, porosity, lithology
and fluid contents. Case studies from a number of sedimentary
basins on both clastic and carbonate reservoirs will be presented to
demonstrate how those techniques can be used to effectively reduce
hydrocarbon exploration risks.
Dr. Sigit Sukmono
Associate Professor
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Chairman
PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCES STUDY CENTER, INDONESIA

Dr. Mohammad Keramati


Head Of Institute Of Petroleum Industry
NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY
9.15am

ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY: CASE STUDIES OF GEOCHEMICAL


ANALYSIS APPLICATIONS TO PETROLEUM EXPLORATION
Organic geochemistry is still one of the most important tools for
both petroleum exploration and exploitation. The screening test,
for instance, seems to be a routine procedure in the exploration
areas. With the increasing popularity of using the oil based mud,
the contamination of oil from the oil based mud to the cuttings is
significant. The generation and migration of hydrocarbons can be
complicated due to the sedimentation, environment of deposition
and tectonics. Several geochemical studies in SE Asia indicate
wide range of depositional conditions of source rocks. The simple
interpretations of the geochemical analysis of hydrocarbon fluids
may not be sufficient. Cases of those ambiguous conditions are
discussed.
Supaporn Pisutha-Arnond
Senior Geologist
PTTEP, THAILAND

2.45pm

10.00am

HYDROCARBON PROSPECTS OF SELECTED FRONTIER BASINS


OF INDIA: EVIDENCES FROM SURFACE GEOCHEMICAL
MANIFESTATIONS
The surface geochemical expressions of hydrocarbons seeping from
sub surface to surface soil/sediments provide a cost effective and
potential tool for risk reduction in hydrocarbon exploration. This
technique helps in delineating prospective areas in frontier basins,
provides information on whether structures or traps are hydrocarbon
filled or not, selects and optimizes drill locations in exploratory blocks
and indicates the source of shallow gases. The surface geochemical
data in integration with geological and geophysical data can credibly
lead to the discovery of new reserves. Case studies in the Mesozoic
Saurashtra and Kutch basins will be highlighted and perspectives
on how geochemical surveys for reducing risk in hydrocarbon
exploration will be presented and discussed.
Dr. B. Kumar
Adviser & Former Deputy Director
Surface Geochemical Prospecting & Carbon Sequestration
NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INDIA

APPLYING QUANTITATIVE FLUORESCENCE TECHNIQUES TO


EVALUATE PETROLEUM SYSTEMS: OLD TECHNIQUES AND NEW
INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS
A suite of quantitative fluorescence techniques using a modified
fluorescence spectrophotometer and some innovative approaches
have been used in Australia, China and SE Asia. They provide rapid
and cost-effective alternatives to the conventional microscopic and
geochemical methods in petroleum system analyses. Dr Liu will
share how these techniques were able to

Detect oil migration pathways

Determine current and palaeo fluid contacts

Delineate pay and bypassed pay

Identify reservoir compartmentalisation

Assess seal integrity

Evaluate source rock maturity
Dr. Keyu Liu
Principal Research Scientist and Team Leader
Fluid History Analysis
CSIRO PETROLEUM AUSTRALIA

3.45pm

CASE STUDY ON REDUCING THE RISK OF EXPLORATION BY


IMPLEMENTING SOURCE ROCK EVALUATION
Proper implementation of the source rock evaluation will increase the
success to failure ratio of hydrocarbon exploration. Delineation and
accurate evaluation of the source rock and its proper relation to the
timing of the hydrocarbon generation, migration and entrapment
are the most important elements in the exploration phase. We can
simply state that no hydrocarbon could be present in the basin if no
suitable source rock is available. In this paper the following important
aspect of the source rock and its influence in the risk analysis will be
discussed in detail:

Source rock definition

Depositional environment of the source rock

Type of organic matter and hydrocarbon potentiality

Maturation of organic matter

Hydrocarbon generation from source rock

Hydrocarbon migrations from source rock

Source potential index

Risk analysis and decision making for an exploration project

Case study
Dr. Mohammad Keramati
Head Of Institute Of Petroleum Industry
NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY

4.30pm

Chairpersons Summary and Conclusion of Day 2

10.45am

Morning Networking Break

11.15am

HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL OF THE SONG HONG


BASIN AND ITS INHERENT EXPLORATION CHALLENGES
The Song Hong Basin is the largest Tertiary basin among petroleum
sedimentary basins of Vietnam and is strongly effected by tectonic
activities. The basin was formed by rifting process during the Late
Cretaceous to Early Eocene. The geochemical data have proven
that there existed two main intervals of source rock in the basin:
Oligocene lacustrine shale and Early to Middle Miocene claystone,
coaly shale. Dr Hung will share his experiences about how this
mature basin is reassessed to discover greater hydrocarbon
potential.
Dr. Nguyen The Hung
Manager of Overseas Geology Department
VIETNAM PETROLEUM INSTITUTE, PETROVIETNAM

12.00pm

INTERACTIVE PANEL DISCUSSION II: EVALUATING PETROLEUM


SYSTEM CRITICALS
This sharing session offers a chance to hear from the experts as well
as allow individuals to share their thoughts on the following topics:

Importance of source-rock richness, quality, generation volume
and maturity

Issues on reservoir rock volume, quality, hydrocarbon type, rock
seal and closure

Roles of flux migration path and petroleum system timing
Moderator: Dr. Sigit Sukmono
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & PETROLEUM
GEOSCIENCES STUDY CENTER, INDONESIA
Panelists: Dr. Mohammad Keramati
NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY
Dr. Keyu Liu
CSIRO PETROLEUM AUSTRALIA
Dr. B. Kumar
NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INDIA

The evaluation of the exploration risk in


the oil and gas industry is a fundamental
component of the decision process related
to the exploratory phrase.

REGISTER TODAY! Tel: (65) 6732 0522 Fax: (65) 6736 3830 Email: register@k2b.com.sg Website: www.k2b.com.sg/baa2008

Post Conference Workshops


14 May 2008, Wednesday

Basin Analysis Asia 2008

Workshop A
GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING STRATEGIES FOR MITIGATION OF
EXPLORATION RISK AND BASIN ANALYSIS
Geochemical prospecting is a risk-reduction technology at the beginning of the exploration process
that can increase the success of finding hydrocarbons. Integrated with geological & geophysical inputs,
basins can be effectively evaluated for their oil & gas potential. Surface geochemical prospecting for
hydrocarbons consists of direct and indirect methods to identify the micro seepage. These methods
include adsorbed soil gas surveys, microbial techniques, soil salts, bitumen and trace element techniques,
helium emanometry and others.
During the workshop participants will leam geochemical prospecting practises under the expert
guidance of Dr Kumar. He will cover topics on:

Surface geochemical prospecting methods

Geochemical survey methodologies

Geochemical data management and interpretation

Surface geochemical case histories

Source rock characterization

Basin analysis for hydrocarbon generation

Critical competencies and skills in geochemical prospecting, including the use of real case studies will
be discussed. Highlights in current and viable troubleshooting solutions will be examined. This will no
doubt provide many useful tips for you to evaluate effectively the productive potential of your basins.

Workshop B
OIL MIGRATION AND HYDROCARBON CHARGE HISTORY ANALYSIS:
INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES AND CASE STUDIES FROM SOUTHEAST ASIA,
CHINA AND AUSTRALIA.
Detecting oil migration pathways and understanding hydrocarbon charge history are critical to effective
petroleum system analysis. Over the past 15 years, CSIRO Petroleum has undertaken active research
in the field of oil migration and fluid history analysis. A number of fluid inclusion based innovative
techniques have been developed including Oil Migration Interval (OMI), Grains containing Oil Inclusion
(GOI), Resistivity from Oil-water Inclusions (ROI), Molecular Compositions of Inclusion (MCI), Quantitative
Grain Fluorescence (QGF) and Total Scanning Fluorescence (TSF).
Examples and case history from a number of sedimentary basins in Australia, Papua New Guinea,
Southeast Asia and China on both clastic and carbonate reservoirs will be presented to demonstrate how
those techniques can be used to effectively reduce hydrocarbon exploration risks.
Participants at this workshop will learn how various techniques that can assist them in their petroleum
system analysis and basin modeling by extracting critical information. These will further address a
number of exploration and development issues on:

Evaluating source rock maturity

Detecting oil migration pathways

Determining pays and by-passed pays

Assessing seal integrity

Evaluating reservoir connectivity

Determining hydrocarbon charge timing and sequence

Estimating reserves

Predicting hydrocarbon attributes

9.00am - 1.00pm
About Your Workshop Leader:

Dr. Baleshwar Kumar is the


current advisor and former
deputy director of the National
Geophysical Research Institute
(NGRI) in India. He joined NGRI in 1971
and was instrumental in setting up the
stable isotope laboratory in 1978. He has
worked extensively in stable isotope
ratio analysis and their applications to
geohydrology, geothermal research,
hydrocarbon exploration, early evolution
of life, carbon budget changes and event
stratigraphy etc. He has published more
than 40 research papers and led surface
geochemical surveys for hydrocarbon
research and exploration in frontier
inland and offshore basins of India. Dr.
Kumar is presently coordinating a project
on Geological CO2 Sequestration in
Basalt Formations of India: A Pilot
Study.

2.00pm - 6.00pm
About Your Workshop Leader:

Dr. Keyu Liu is the principal


research scientist and team
leader fluid history analysis in
CSIRO Petroleum Australia. His
major research interests are in fluid
history analysis, clastic sedimentology,
petrophysics, stratigraphic modelling
and petroleum system analysis. He has
published a number of papers in the
above fields. He has obtained two
patents on detecting and predicting oil
migration pathways and oil accumulation
in subsurface, oversees the laboratory
experiments and simulations of the
Microbially Enhanced Oil Recovery
(MEOR) project. He is a project leader for
the external fill history of petroleum
reservoirs and quantitative fluorescence
projects.

REGISTER TODAY! Tel: (65) 6732 0522 Fax: (65) 6736 3830 Email: register@k2b.com.sg Website: www.k2b.com.sg/baa2008

SMART AND EFFICIENT SEISMIC RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES


FOR EFFECTIVE BASIN ANALYSIS
Sigit Sukmono
(Institute Technology Bandung Indonesia)
ABSTRACT
One important step in an effective basin analysis is to do smart & efficient reservoir characterization.
Since it is still in an exploration stage then normally well and seismic data is very limited. Thus the
problem is how to select the best-most applicable seismic methodologies applicable to the unique
geological condition of the studied reservoir. This paper discusses the strategy for smart and efficient
reservoir characterization using seismic. The strategy is developed based on the criteria of target
characterization objectives (geometry delineation and/or physical properties description), nature of
seismic data, mathematical-physical basis of each attribute, and their geological meanings. Several
cases studies are discussed to illustrate the application of the strategy.
Key-words : seismic, basin analysis, reservoir characterization

INTRODUCTION
Smart and efficient reservoir characterization
is important for a successful petroleum basin
exploration. Prime objective in reservoir
characterization is generally to map the
geometry of targeted layers and understand its
physical properties in an efficient way. Since
well and seismic data still very limited in
exploration then selecting the best seismic
techniques is crucial since nowadays there are
abundant seismic methodology available and
not every methodology applicable for all
geological condition.
This paper discusses the strategy for smart and
efficient reservoir characterization using
seismic. The strategy is developed based on
the criteria of target characterization objectives
(geometry delineation and/or physical
properties description), nature of seismic data,
mathematical-physical
basis
of
each
methodology and their geological meanings,

and strength-weakness of each methodology.


Several cases studies are discussed to illustrate
the application of the strategy.

STEPS, OBJECTIVES &


METHODOLOGIES
There are two main steps of seismic reservoir
characterization for effective basin analysis :
1) reservoir delineation, and 2) reservoir
description. Rreservoir delineation is defined
as the delineation of target geometry with the
main objective to understand the facies and
depositional systems. Reservoir description is
the process for defining the reservoir physical
properties with the main objective to
understand the reservoir porosity and fluid
type. An efficient basin analysis requires an
accurate and early characterization of reservoir

parameters including the volumetric, fluids


behavior, lithology and continuity.
Selection of the best seismic method for
reservoir characterization will depend on 4
factors below :
a) The objective is reservoir geometry
delineation or physical properties
description or both.
b) How is the relationship of elastic and
reservoir properties intended to be
identified using seismic data.
c) How is the types of available seismic
data : 2D or 3D data, and preserved or
non preserved amplitude processed
data.
d) How is the well control coverage :
none, scarce, plenty.
Main works in basin analysis is the reservoir
geometry delineation and types of seismic
methodologies normally applied are seismic
structural and stratigraphy interpretation. The
interpretation can be done using normal
seismic and instantaneous attributes.
Each data has its own strength and weaknesses
as summarized below:
a) Normal seismic. This data will give
the seismic reflectors associate with
sharp AI (Acoustic Impedance) only,
while gradual AI change might not be
observable. Therefore phenomena like
compaction effect or gradual grain size
change are very likely undetected in
normal seismic data. For targets
deeper than 8000 ft, it is common that
AI are same for different rocks
implicating that normal seismic will
not capable to image different rocks
with same AI. Limit of separability of
normal seismic rarely less than 5 m,
whilst its visibility limit rarely less
than 1 m. Seismic wont be able to
identify top & base of a layer whose
thickness limit of separability and
seismic amplitude close to zero if bed
thickness limit of visibility. Limit of
separability and visibility will be
poorer to the depth for a same seismic
data.
b) Instantaneous Attributes. Major
advantage is that it need no special

processing, faster process than time


attributes and inversion techniques,
and applicable even tough there is no
well data. Main strength is that this
technique gives clearer information
which is subtle in normal seismic.
Types of instantaneous attributes
useful for basin analysis are reflection
strength and instantaneous phase.
Reflection strength attribute will
emphasize amplitude information thus
very good for regional correlation and
sweet-spots recognition. Instantaneous
phase emphasizes phase info so is
good for detail stratigraphic analysis
and weak reflector mapping.
CASES STUDIES
Below are several examples on the application
of seismic data for effective basin analysis:
a) In central Sumatra basin Indonesia
for targets older than Lower Miocene
such as Pematang and Sihapas
formations the AIs of porous sands
and shales overlap, thus normal
seismic which relies on AI can only be
used for structural mapping only
whilst the application for physical
properties mapping should use more
advance pre-stack inversion or
geostatistical multi-attributes (Figure
1). However for targets younger thah
Upper Miocene such as Petani and
Minas formations, the chance to use
normal seismic for identifying pore
fluid is high as illustrated in Figure 2.
More detail discussion on the seismic
methodologies applicable is Central
Sumatra basin is given by Sukmono
(2007).
b) As long as seismic quality data
permits, it is recommended that
seismic stratigraphy system-tract
analysis technique is applied to
understand the continuation of
stratigraphic units. It will be very
helpful to understand the flow-units
pattern and presence of stratigraphic
barriers (Figure 3). Sukmono et al
(2006) discussed in detail application
of seismic stratigraphy to assist field
exploration.
2

c) For quick estimate on the types of


lithologies in basin scale exploration,
reflection strength of the complex
attributes can be utilized. Figure 4
shows a typical reflection strength
profile in Natuna basin. Brighter color
(red) associates with higher reflection
strength or tighter rocks. Darker color
(blue) associates with lower reflection
strength or more porous rocks. The
profile shows that regional tighter
rocks present at about 500 ms level
which may act as regional seals,
whereas porous rock might associate
with reservoirs presents at interval
500-1500 ms and finally deeper tighter
rock might associate with source rocks
present at interval deeper than 1500
ms.
d) Application of seismic for carbonate
rocks analysis needs great cares since
carbonates have rock-physics which
substantially very different with
siliciclastics (Marion and Jyzba,
1997). However combination of
complex attributes analysis such as
reflection strength, instantaneous
phase and instantaneous phase proves
very effective for deciding exploration
well position in South Sumatra Basin
(Figure 5). Chopra and Marfurt (2007)
discuss in detail application of
combined
attributes
for
basin
prospecting

CONCLUSION
Main works in basin analysis is the reservoir
geometry delineation. Types of seismic
analysis normally applied are seismic
structural and stratigraphy interpretation. The
interpretation can be done using normal
seismic and instantaneous attributes data. For
shallower intervals, normally combination of
both data can be used for structural as well as
stratigraphic interpretation. However for
deeper intervals, normally type of analysis
which can be done is limited to structural
interpretation only. For minimizing the
ambiguity of seismic data for field exploration,
it is recommended that combination of
complex instantaneous attributes are optimally
utilized.
REFERENCES
Chopra, S and Marfurt K.J., 2007, Seismic
attributes for prospect identification and
reservoir characterization, SEG.
Marion.D & Jizba.D, 1997, Acoustic
Properties of Carbonate Rocks, in Carbonate
Seismilogy,eds.Palaz, I, and Marfort, K,J,SEG.
Sukmono, S., 2007, The Application of Multiattribute Analysis in Mapping Lithology and
Porosity in the Pematang-Sihapas Groups of
Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia, the Leading
Edge v26 no.2, 126-131.
Sukmono, S.et al., 2006, Integrating Seismic
Attributes for Reservoir Characterization in
Melandong Field, North West Java Basin,
Indonesia, The Leading Edge, SEG, 532-538.

Figure 1. Illustration that in central Sumatra basin Indonesia for targets older than Lower
Miocene such as Pematang and Sihapas formations the AIs of porous sands and shales
overlap, thus normal seismic which relies on AI can only be used for structural mapping only
(Figure 1).

Figure 2. Illustration that in central Sumatra basin Indonesia for targets younger thah Upper
Miocene such as Petani and Minas formations, the chance to use normal seismic for
identifying pore fluid is high.

Figure 3. Illustration of detail seismic stratigraphy system-tract analysis to understand the


flow-units pattern and presence of stratigraphic barriers in South Sumatra basin.

Figure 4. A typical reflection strength profile in Natuna basin. Brighter color (red) associates
with higher reflection strength or tighter rocks; darker color (blue) with lower reflection
strength or more porous rocks. The profile suggests that regional tighter rocks present at
about 500 ms level which may act as regional seals, whereas porous rock might associate
with reservoirs presents at interval 500-1500 ms and finally deeper tighter rock might
associate with source rocks present at interval deeper than 1500 ms.

Figure 5. Illustration on the application of combined complex attributes analysis (reflection


strength, instantaneous phase and instantaneous phase) for a successful exploration well
positioning in South Sumatra Basin.