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You are on page 1of 17

Index Number

Name

SEMESTRAL EXAMINATION TWO

SECONDARY TWO

MATHEMATICS

12 October 2016

Additional Materials:

Graph Paper (1 sheet)

2 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

Write your class, index number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all questions.

If working is needed for any question, it must be shown with the answer.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are expected to use a scientific calculator to evaluate explicit numerical expressions.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact, give

your answer to three significant figures. Give answer in degrees to one decimal place.

For , use either your calculator value or 3.142, unless the question requires the answer in

terms of .

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

Submit the question paper and graph paper separately.

Subtotal

Presentation

Unit

Rounding off

This document consists of 16 printed pages, including the cover page.

80

1.

Two similar jugs have base areas of 80 cm2 and 125 cm2.

Find, in its simplest integer form, the ratio of the height of the smaller jug to the height of

the larger jug.

80

Ratio =

[M1]

125

16

25

4

5

= 4 : 5 [A1]

=

Answer . : ...[2]

________________________________________________________________________________

2.

(a)

= 2cm :100000cm

= 1: 50000 [A1]

Answer (a) 1: ..... [1]

(b)

Map :

2cm :

Calculate the actual area of the reservoir in square kilometres.

Actual

1km

(2cm)2 : (1km)2

4cm 2 :

1km 2 [M1]

326

326cm 2 :

= 81.5km 2 [A1]

4

3.

Simplify

(a)

3(2a + 3b) 4(a 3b)

= 6a + 9b 4a +12b

= 2a + 21b [B1]

Answer: (a) .. [1]

(b)

3

12 3x 3 y

5xy 2 15xy

4

=

3

15xy 3x 3 y

[M1]

5xy 2 12

4

9x 3

[A1]

16

(c)

7

5c

7 c (c 7)2

7

5c

=

7 c (7 c)2

7(7 c)

5c

=

2

(7 c) (7 c)2

49 7c 5c

=

(c 7)2

49 12c

=

[A1]

(c 7)2

Answer: (c) .. [3]

4.

(x +1)(2x 5) = 9

2x 2 3x 14 = 0 [M1]

(x + 2)(2x 7) = 0 [M1]

x = 2 or x = 3.5 [A1]

Answer x = .......[3]

5.

The back-to-back stem-and-leaf diagram shows the ages, in years, of people who belong to a

particular interest group.

Leaves for Mens Age Stem Leaves for Womens Age

9 8 8 7

1

5 4 1 1 1

2

2 2 4 6 9

7 3 2 2 0 0

3

1 3 3 3 5 7 9

2 2 1 1 0 0

4

0 0 2 2 5

Key: 1|4 means 41 years

(a)

(b)

________________________________________________________________________________

6.

5x 4y = 4

2x = 2.5 + y

5x 4y = 4

(1)

2x = 2.5 + y

(2)

From (2), y = 2x 2.5 (3)

Sub (3) into (1), 5x 4(2x 2.5) = 4 [M1]

5x 8x +10 = 4

3x = 6

x = 2 [A1]

Sub x = 2 into (3), y = 2 2 2.5

= 1.5 [A1]

7.

The table below shows the marks scored by a class of students in a Math quiz.

Marks

Number of students

0

2

1

3

2

2

3

x

4

7

5

5

Given that the median score is 4 marks, find the possible values of x.

The smallest possible value of x :

The largest possible value of x:

2 + 3+ 2 + 6 + x = 5

2 + 3+ 2 + x = 6 + 5

x = 5 13

x = 11 7

= 8

=4

________________________________________________________________________________

8.

Q

4 cm

6 cm

6 cm

9 cm

P

A

Given that BC = CP = 6 cm, CQ = 4 cm, AB = 9 cm.

Prove that ABC is similar to PCQ .

Answer

BC 6

1

= =1

CQ 4

2

AB 9

1

= = 1 [M1]

PC 6

2

BC AB

1

=

= 1 [M1]

CQ PC

2

B = PCQ (corr. s, AB / /PC) [M1]

ABC is similar to PCQ

[3]

5

9.

E

9 cm

15

8 cm

cm

Given that DE = 9 cm, AD = 8 cm, CD = 15 cm,

(a)

Using Pythagoras' Theorem,

AC = 82 +152 = 17cm

AE = 8 + 9

= 17cm

= AC [M1]

A is a common angle [M1]

ADC = ABE(given) [M1]

ABE ADC(AAS) [A1]

(b)

find AEB .

EB = CD = 15cm [M1]

15

AEB = cos1

17

= 28.1(to 1d.p.) [A1]

10.

The volumes of two spheres are 270 cm3 and 640 cm3.

(a)

Find, in its simplest form, the ratio of

(i)

the smaller radius to the larger radius,

Ratio = 3

270

640

3

4

= 3 : 4 [B1]

=

(ii)

Ratio = 32 : 4 2

= 9 :16 [B1]

(b)

The larger sphere is 5.55 kg heavier than the smaller sphere. Find the mass of the

larger sphere.

Let the mass of the larger sphere be x kg.

x 5.55 270

=

[M1]

x

640

x 5.55 27

=

x

64

64(x 5.5) = 27x

64x 355.2 = 27x

37x = 355.2

x = 9.6 [A1]

The histogram below shows the number of passengers that 30 taxi drivers picked up on a

particular day.

11.

10

20

15

Number of passengers picked up

25

[M1]

3+ 7 + 5 + 6 + 9

430

=

30

1

= 14 [A1]

3

Answer .. [2]

________________________________________________________________________________

12.

below.

diameter = 1 m

5m

diameter = 5 m

The diameters of the base of the cylinder and of the hemisphere are 1 m and 5 m

respectively. The height of the cylinder is 5 m.

4

1

[ Volume of sphere = r 3, Volume of cone = r 2 h ]

3

3

35

(a)

Show that the volume of the sculpture is

m3.

3

Volume of sculpture

2

"1%

1 4 " 5%

= $ ' 5 + $ ' [M1, M1]

#2&

2 3 #2&

5

1 4

125

= +

4

2 3

8

35

= m 3 ( shown ) [A1]

3

[3]

(b)

The sculpture is melted to form a cone. Given that the vertical height of the cone is

one quarter that of its radius, find the vertical height of the cone.

Let the radius be r cm.

35

1

r

= r 2 [M1]

3

3

4

3

35

r

=

3

12

12 35

r3 =

[M1]

3

= 140

r = 3 140

Vertical height = 3 140 / 4

= 1.30m(3s. f ). [A1]

9

13.

(a)

= (3d 2 +11)(3d 2 11) [M1]

= (3d + 9)(3d 13)

= 3(d + 3)(3d 13) [A1]

(b)

Factorise fully 4m 2 n 2 + 6m + 3n .

4m 2 n 2 + 6m + 3n

= (2m + n)(2m n) + 3(2m + n) [M1]

= (2m + n)(2m n + 3) [A1]

________________________________________________________________________________

b a2

+1 .

14.

(a)

Make a the subject of the equation 2a 2 =

2b

2a 2 2b = b a 2 + 2b [M1]

4a 2 b = 3b a 2

4ba 2 + a 2 = 3b

(4b +1)a 2 = 3b [M1]

3b

a2 =

4b +1

3b

a=

[A1]

4b +1

10

(b)

(i)

Express

1

2

as a single fraction in its simplest form.

x 6 3 x

1

2

x 6 3 x

3 x 2(x 6)

=

[M1]

(x 6)(3 x)

3 x 2x +12

=

(x 6)(3 x)

15 3x

=

[A1]

(x 6)(3 x)

(ii)

1

2

2

=

x 6 3 x 3

15 3x

2

=

(x 6)(3 x) 3

3(15 3x) = 2(x 6)(3 x) [M1]

45 9x = 2(x 2 + 9x 18)

45 9x = 2x 2 +18x 36

2x 2 27x + 81 = 0 [M1]

(x 9)(2x 9) = 0

x = 9 or x = 4.5 [A1]

11

15.

Boyles Law states that the pressure, P pascals (Pa), of a fixed mass of gas at constant

temperature is inversely proportional to its volume, V dm3. The pressure of 200 dm3 of a gas

in an airtight container is 5000 Pa.

Assuming that the temperature in the container is constant, find the pressure of the gas when

its volume is 500 dm3.

Since P is inversely proportional to V,

k

, k is a constant.

V

When P = 5000 Pa, V=200 dm 3,

P=

k

200

k = 1000000 [M1]

5000 =

1000000

V

When V=500 dm 3,

P=

1000000

500

=2000 Pa [A1]

P=

Answer Pa [2]

________________________________________________________________________________

16.

The angle of elevation from point A on level ground to the top of a vertical mast D

positioned at point B is 35 . The point A is 11 m from point B as shown in the diagram

below.

D

35o

A

11 m

12

(a)

BD

11

BD = 11tan 35

= 7.70m(3s. f .) [B1]

tan 35 =

(b)

To celebrate National Day, a streamer is to be secured from the top of the mast D to

points A and C such that the streamer forms a right angle at D. Find the total length

of the streamer used.

11

[M1]

cos35

= 13.429m(5s. f .)

AD =

CD = AD tan 35 [M1]

11

=

tan 35

cos35

= 9.4028m(5s. f .)

AD + CD = 13.429 + 9.4028 [M1]

= 22.8m(3s. f .)

The length of the streamer is 22.8m. [A1]

13

17.

A trophy comprises of a spherical globe sitting on the apex of a square pyramid. The

pyramid has a height of 15 cm as shown in the diagram. The spherical globe has a diameter

of 4 cm.

4

[ Volume of sphere = r 3, Surface area of sphere = 4 r 2 ]

3

diameter = 4 cm

15 cm

B

E

G

H

C

(a)

the length of the square base,

1

405 = CD 2 15 [M1]

3

2

CD = 405 3 15

= 81cm 2

CD = 81 or - 81 (rej)

= 9cm [A1]

Answer (a) cm [2]

(b)

9

AG = 152 + ( )2 (AG>0) [M1]

2

= 245.25

= 15.7cm(3s. f .) [A1]

14

(c)

the total surface area of the trophy, assuming that the area of contact between the

globe and the pyramid is negligible.

1

Total surface area = 4 2 2 + 9 2 + 9 245.25 4 [M1 for globe and M1 for pyramid]

2

= 16 + 81+18 245.25

= 413cm 2 (to 3s.f.) [A1]

________________________________________________________________________________

18.

The braking distance of a truck, d metres, is directly proportional to the square of its speed, v

metres per second. For a particular speed, the braking distance is 14 m. Find the braking

distance when the speed is decreased by 20%.

d = kv 2 , k is a constant

When d = 14,

14 = kv 1

new d = k(0.8v1 ) 2 [M1]

= 0.64 kv1

= 0.64 14

= 8.96 [A1]

The new braking distance is 8.96 m.

15

19.

A stone is thrown upwards from the top of a vertical cliff. Its height, y meters, above the sea

level during its motion is represented by the equation y = 12x 2 + 42x + 48 , where x

represents the time in seconds after the stone has been thrown.

x

y

0

48

0.5

66

1

78

1.5

84

2

84

2.5

78

3

h

3.5

48

4

24

4.5

-6

(a)

[1]

(b)

[1]

(c)

meters on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = 12x 2 + 42x + 48 for 0 x 4.5 on the

graph paper provided.

(d)

(e)

[3]

(i)

[1]

(ii)

the time taken for the stone to reach the sea level.

[1]

A toy plane is launched from the same location at the same time and its height above

the sea level is given by y = 8x + 48 .

(i)

(ii)

Use your graphs to find the time when the stone and the toy plane are at the

same height above the sea level after they are released at the same time.[1]

Solution:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

When x = 3,

h = 12 32 + 42 3+ 48

= 66 [B1]

Correct plot of points B1

Smooth graph and correct scale B1

Axes, scale, range and labeling of graph B1

(i) Maximum height = 85 m (accept 84.5 to 85.5m) Must show working on

graph [B1]

(ii) 4.4 seconds (accept 4.35s to 4.45s) [B1]

(i)

x

0

2

4.5

y

48

66 64

84

B1 for the correct line

(ii) Time = 2.8 seconds (accept 2.75s to 2.85s) Must show working on

graph[B1]

16

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