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Class

Index Number

Name

MARIS STELLA HIGH SCHOOL


SEMESTRAL EXAMINATION TWO
SECONDARY TWO
MATHEMATICS

12 October 2016

Additional Materials:
Graph Paper (1 sheet)

2 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your class, index number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer all questions.
If working is needed for any question, it must be shown with the answer.
Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.
You are expected to use a scientific calculator to evaluate explicit numerical expressions.
If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact, give
your answer to three significant figures. Give answer in degrees to one decimal place.
For , use either your calculator value or 3.142, unless the question requires the answer in
terms of .
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
Submit the question paper and graph paper separately.

For Examiners Use


Subtotal
Presentation
Unit
Rounding off
This document consists of 16 printed pages, including the cover page.

80

Answer all the questions.


1.

Two similar jugs have base areas of 80 cm2 and 125 cm2.
Find, in its simplest integer form, the ratio of the height of the smaller jug to the height of
the larger jug.
80
Ratio =
[M1]
125

16
25

4
5
= 4 : 5 [A1]
=

Answer . : ...[2]
________________________________________________________________________________
2.

The scale of a map is 2 cm : 1 km.


(a)

Write down this scale in the form 1 : n

Scale = 2cm :1km [M1]


= 2cm :100000cm
= 1: 50000 [A1]
Answer (a) 1: ..... [1]
(b)

Map :
2cm :

A reservoir is represented by an area of 326 cm2 on the map.


Calculate the actual area of the reservoir in square kilometres.

Actual
1km

(2cm)2 : (1km)2
4cm 2 :

1km 2 [M1]
326
326cm 2 :
= 81.5km 2 [A1]
4

Answer (b) ...... km2 [2]

3.

Simplify
(a)
3(2a + 3b) 4(a 3b)

= 6a + 9b 4a +12b
= 2a + 21b [B1]
Answer: (a) .. [1]
(b)
3
12 3x 3 y

5xy 2 15xy
4
=

3
15xy 3x 3 y

[M1]
5xy 2 12
4

9x 3
[A1]
16

Answer: (b) .. [2]


(c)

7
5c

7 c (c 7)2
7
5c
=

[M1 for changing either denominator correctly]


7 c (7 c)2
7(7 c)
5c
=

[M1 for changing them to like fractions]


2
(7 c) (7 c)2
49 7c 5c
=
(c 7)2
49 12c
=
[A1]
(c 7)2
Answer: (c) .. [3]
4.

Solve the equation (x +1)(2x 5) = 9 .


(x +1)(2x 5) = 9

2x 2 3x 14 = 0 [M1]
(x + 2)(2x 7) = 0 [M1]
x = 2 or x = 3.5 [A1]

Answer x = .......[3]

5.

The back-to-back stem-and-leaf diagram shows the ages, in years, of people who belong to a
particular interest group.
Leaves for Mens Age Stem Leaves for Womens Age
9 8 8 7
1
5 4 1 1 1
2
2 2 4 6 9
7 3 2 2 0 0
3
1 3 3 3 5 7 9
2 2 1 1 0 0
4
0 0 2 2 5
Key: 1|4 means 41 years
(a)

Key: 2|9 means 29 years

Find the median age of men.

Answer (a) ..30.... years [1]


(b)

Find the modal age of women.

Answer (b) ..33.... years [1]


________________________________________________________________________________
6.

Solve the simultaneous equations.

5x 4y = 4
2x = 2.5 + y

5x 4y = 4
(1)
2x = 2.5 + y
(2)
From (2), y = 2x 2.5 (3)
Sub (3) into (1), 5x 4(2x 2.5) = 4 [M1]
5x 8x +10 = 4
3x = 6
x = 2 [A1]
Sub x = 2 into (3), y = 2 2 2.5
= 1.5 [A1]

Answer x = ... y =....[3]

7.

The table below shows the marks scored by a class of students in a Math quiz.
Marks
Number of students

0
2

1
3

2
2

3
x

4
7

5
5

Given that the median score is 4 marks, find the possible values of x.
The smallest possible value of x :
The largest possible value of x:
2 + 3+ 2 + 6 + x = 5
2 + 3+ 2 + x = 6 + 5
x = 5 13
x = 11 7
= 8
=4

Answer x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 [B2] [2]


________________________________________________________________________________
8.

In the figure below, AB is parallel to PC and C is on the line BQ.


Q

4 cm

6 cm

6 cm

9 cm

P
A
Given that BC = CP = 6 cm, CQ = 4 cm, AB = 9 cm.
Prove that ABC is similar to PCQ .
Answer

BC 6
1
= =1
CQ 4
2
AB 9
1
= = 1 [M1]
PC 6
2
BC AB
1
=
= 1 [M1]
CQ PC
2
B = PCQ (corr. s, AB / /PC) [M1]
ABC is similar to PCQ

[3]
5

9.
E

9 cm

15

8 cm

cm

In the diagram above, EB is perpendicular to AC and CD is perpendicular to AE.


Given that DE = 9 cm, AD = 8 cm, CD = 15 cm,
(a)

prove that ABE ADC ,


Using Pythagoras' Theorem,

AC = 82 +152 = 17cm
AE = 8 + 9
= 17cm
= AC [M1]
A is a common angle [M1]
ADC = ABE(given) [M1]
ABE ADC(AAS) [A1]
(b)

find AEB .

EB = CD = 15cm [M1]
15
AEB = cos1
17
= 28.1(to 1d.p.) [A1]

10.

The volumes of two spheres are 270 cm3 and 640 cm3.
(a)
Find, in its simplest form, the ratio of
(i)
the smaller radius to the larger radius,

Ratio = 3

270
640

3
4
= 3 : 4 [B1]
=

Answer (a) (i) : . [1]


(ii)

the smaller surface area to the larger surface area.

Ratio = 32 : 4 2
= 9 :16 [B1]

Answer (a) (ii) : . [1]


(b)

The larger sphere is 5.55 kg heavier than the smaller sphere. Find the mass of the
larger sphere.
Let the mass of the larger sphere be x kg.
x 5.55 270
=
[M1]
x
640
x 5.55 27
=
x
64
64(x 5.5) = 27x
64x 355.2 = 27x
37x = 355.2
x = 9.6 [A1]

The mass of the larger sphere is 9.6 kg.

Answer (b) kg [2]

The histogram below shows the number of passengers that 30 taxi drivers picked up on a
particular day.

Number of taxi drivers

11.

10
20
15
Number of passengers picked up

25

Find the estimated mean number of passengers picked up by a taxi driver.

2.5 3+ 7.5 7 +12.5 5 +17.5 6 + 22.5 9


[M1]
3+ 7 + 5 + 6 + 9
430
=
30
1
= 14 [A1]
3

Estimated mean number =

Answer .. [2]
________________________________________________________________________________
12.

A metal sculpture is made by joining a cylinder to a hemisphere as shown in the diagram


below.
diameter = 1 m

5m

diameter = 5 m

The diameters of the base of the cylinder and of the hemisphere are 1 m and 5 m
respectively. The height of the cylinder is 5 m.
4
1
[ Volume of sphere = r 3, Volume of cone = r 2 h ]
3
3
35
(a)
Show that the volume of the sculpture is
m3.
3
Volume of sculpture
2

"1%
1 4 " 5%
= $ ' 5 + $ ' [M1, M1]
#2&
2 3 #2&
5
1 4
125
= +
4
2 3
8
35
= m 3 ( shown ) [A1]
3

[3]
(b)

The sculpture is melted to form a cone. Given that the vertical height of the cone is
one quarter that of its radius, find the vertical height of the cone.
Let the radius be r cm.
35
1
r
= r 2 [M1]
3
3
4
3
35
r
=
3
12
12 35
r3 =
[M1]
3
= 140
r = 3 140
Vertical height = 3 140 / 4
= 1.30m(3s. f ). [A1]

Answer (b) .... m [3]


9

13.

(a)

Factorise fully (3d 2)2 121 .

(3d 2)2 121


= (3d 2 +11)(3d 2 11) [M1]
= (3d + 9)(3d 13)
= 3(d + 3)(3d 13) [A1]

Answer (a) .[2]


(b)

Factorise fully 4m 2 n 2 + 6m + 3n .

4m 2 n 2 + 6m + 3n
= (2m + n)(2m n) + 3(2m + n) [M1]
= (2m + n)(2m n + 3) [A1]

Answer (b) .[2]


________________________________________________________________________________
b a2
+1 .
14.
(a)
Make a the subject of the equation 2a 2 =
2b
2a 2 2b = b a 2 + 2b [M1]

4a 2 b = 3b a 2
4ba 2 + a 2 = 3b
(4b +1)a 2 = 3b [M1]
3b
a2 =
4b +1
3b
a=
[A1]
4b +1

Answer (a) a = .[3]


10

(b)

(i)

Express

1
2
as a single fraction in its simplest form.

x 6 3 x

1
2

x 6 3 x
3 x 2(x 6)
=
[M1]
(x 6)(3 x)
3 x 2x +12
=
(x 6)(3 x)
15 3x
=
[A1]
(x 6)(3 x)

Answer (b) (i) .[2]


(ii)

Solve the equation


1
2
2

=
x 6 3 x 3

15 3x
2
=
(x 6)(3 x) 3
3(15 3x) = 2(x 6)(3 x) [M1]
45 9x = 2(x 2 + 9x 18)
45 9x = 2x 2 +18x 36
2x 2 27x + 81 = 0 [M1]
(x 9)(2x 9) = 0
x = 9 or x = 4.5 [A1]

Answer (b) (ii) x = ..[3]

11

15.

Boyles Law states that the pressure, P pascals (Pa), of a fixed mass of gas at constant
temperature is inversely proportional to its volume, V dm3. The pressure of 200 dm3 of a gas
in an airtight container is 5000 Pa.
Assuming that the temperature in the container is constant, find the pressure of the gas when
its volume is 500 dm3.
Since P is inversely proportional to V,
k
, k is a constant.
V
When P = 5000 Pa, V=200 dm 3,
P=

k
200
k = 1000000 [M1]
5000 =

1000000
V
When V=500 dm 3,
P=

1000000
500
=2000 Pa [A1]
P=

Answer Pa [2]
________________________________________________________________________________
16.

The angle of elevation from point A on level ground to the top of a vertical mast D
positioned at point B is 35 . The point A is 11 m from point B as shown in the diagram
below.
D

35o
A

11 m

12

(a)

Find the height of the mast, BD.

BD
11
BD = 11tan 35
= 7.70m(3s. f .) [B1]
tan 35 =

Answer (a) BD = .m [1]


(b)

To celebrate National Day, a streamer is to be secured from the top of the mast D to
points A and C such that the streamer forms a right angle at D. Find the total length
of the streamer used.

11
[M1]
cos35
= 13.429m(5s. f .)

AD =

CD = AD tan 35 [M1]
11
=
tan 35
cos35
= 9.4028m(5s. f .)
AD + CD = 13.429 + 9.4028 [M1]
= 22.8m(3s. f .)
The length of the streamer is 22.8m. [A1]

Answer (b) m [4]

13

17.

A trophy comprises of a spherical globe sitting on the apex of a square pyramid. The
pyramid has a height of 15 cm as shown in the diagram. The spherical globe has a diameter
of 4 cm.
4
[ Volume of sphere = r 3, Surface area of sphere = 4 r 2 ]
3
diameter = 4 cm

15 cm
B

E
G

H
C

If the volume of the pyramid is 405 cm3, find


(a)
the length of the square base,

1
405 = CD 2 15 [M1]
3
2
CD = 405 3 15
= 81cm 2
CD = 81 or - 81 (rej)
= 9cm [A1]
Answer (a) cm [2]
(b)

the length of the slant height, AG,

Using Pythagoras' Theorem,


9
AG = 152 + ( )2 (AG>0) [M1]
2
= 245.25
= 15.7cm(3s. f .) [A1]

Answer (b) cm [2]

14

(c)

the total surface area of the trophy, assuming that the area of contact between the
globe and the pyramid is negligible.

1
Total surface area = 4 2 2 + 9 2 + 9 245.25 4 [M1 for globe and M1 for pyramid]
2
= 16 + 81+18 245.25
= 413cm 2 (to 3s.f.) [A1]

Answer (c) cm2 [3]


________________________________________________________________________________
18.

The braking distance of a truck, d metres, is directly proportional to the square of its speed, v
metres per second. For a particular speed, the braking distance is 14 m. Find the braking
distance when the speed is decreased by 20%.

Since d is directly proportional to v 2 ,


d = kv 2 , k is a constant
When d = 14,
14 = kv 1

When the speed is decreased by 20%,


new d = k(0.8v1 ) 2 [M1]
= 0.64 kv1

= 0.64 14
= 8.96 [A1]
The new braking distance is 8.96 m.

Answer ... m [2]

15

19.

Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.


A stone is thrown upwards from the top of a vertical cliff. Its height, y meters, above the sea
level during its motion is represented by the equation y = 12x 2 + 42x + 48 , where x
represents the time in seconds after the stone has been thrown.
x
y

0
48

0.5
66

1
78

1.5
84

2
84

2.5
78

3
h

3.5
48

4
24

4.5
-6

(a)

What is the height of the vertical cliff?

[1]

(b)

Calculate the value of h.

[1]

(c)

Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 second on the x-axis and 2 cm to represent 10


meters on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = 12x 2 + 42x + 48 for 0 x 4.5 on the
graph paper provided.

(d)

(e)

[3]

Use your graph to find


(i)

the maximum height of the stone above the sea level,

[1]

(ii)

the time taken for the stone to reach the sea level.

[1]

A toy plane is launched from the same location at the same time and its height above
the sea level is given by y = 8x + 48 .
(i)

On the same axes, draw the graph of y = 8x + 48 for 0 x 4.5 .

(ii)

Use your graphs to find the time when the stone and the toy plane are at the
same height above the sea level after they are released at the same time.[1]

Solution:
(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)
(e)

height = 48 metres [B1]


When x = 3,
h = 12 32 + 42 3+ 48

= 66 [B1]
Correct plot of points B1
Smooth graph and correct scale B1
Axes, scale, range and labeling of graph B1
(i) Maximum height = 85 m (accept 84.5 to 85.5m) Must show working on
graph [B1]
(ii) 4.4 seconds (accept 4.35s to 4.45s) [B1]
(i)
x
0
2
4.5
y

48

66 64

84

B1 for the correct table with minimum 2 points


B1 for the correct line
(ii) Time = 2.8 seconds (accept 2.75s to 2.85s) Must show working on
graph[B1]

16

[2]