15 views

Uploaded by Shaik Jhoir

hydro

hydro

© All Rights Reserved

- FMHM - EEE - Final Exam Important Questions
- 1317
- FLUJO SUBTERRANEO.ppt
- Hydraulic Force
- ABB Orifice Calcs
- Tspsc Previouspapers Aee2015 Not8 15 Optional
- Centrifugal Pumps & Fluid Flow
- Lab Manual - FM and M Lab
- Orifice Questions
- Relief Summary
- Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics (E.shashi Menon, 2004) - Book[092-127]
- dec06feature.pdf
- Aqueduct Design
- AR-TRC-9901
- ME fluid Mechanics MCQ.docx
- Bernoulli
- Laporan Praktikum Mekflud Sisi
- AS401COL (195kta) Aspen Report
- Experimental Measurement of Slippage III Flow Through Vertical Pipes
- CH E 425 E1 Conclusion (Edit)

You are on page 1of 8

FOURTH SEMESTER CIVIL ENGINEERING

SUBJECT: HYDRAULICS

Contact Hrs/Week: 4 Hrs.

TOPICS

CHAPTER

NO

CONTENTS

NO OF

HOURS

MARKS

WEIGHTAGE

IN EXAM

PART-A

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Fundamentals of Hydraulics

Total Pressure and centre of pressure

Flow of fluids

PART-B

Flow through orifices and mouthpieces

Flow over notches

Flow over weirs

PART-C

Flow through channels

Flow through Pipes

Pumps and turbines

Seminars, field/technical visit, inventions/innovations,

demonstrations, workshops etc

05

06

08

12

15

20

08

05

05

20

14

14

07

06

05

05

20

15

15

-----

04

----

64

145

SUBJECT: HYDRAULICS

DETAILS OF CONTENTS

1. FUNDAMENTALS OF HYDRAULICS

Fluid, classification and properties of fluids

gauge pressure, absolute pressure, vaccum pressure, intensity of pressure and pressure

head

Measurement of pressure: Manometer, U-tube , differential manometer, simple problems

2. TOTAL PRESSURE AND CENTRE OF PRESSURE

Total pressure and centre of pressure on vertical planes like, triangular , rectangular and

circular plane surfaces (simple problems)

Practical applications of centre of pressure, sluice gates (only theory)

3. FLOW OF FLUIDS

Types of flow, stream line , turbulent, steady and unsteady, uniform and non uniform

Discharge and continuity equation- simple problems

Energies in fluid motion- potential, kinetic and pressure head

Bernoullis theorem( without proof) simple problems

Horizontal venturimeter, theory and simple problems

4. FLOW THROUGH ORIFICES AND MOUTHPIECES

Definition and types of orifices, vena contracta, hydraulic co-efficients and their

relationship (only theory)

Flow through rectangular and circular orifice (simple problems without derivation)

Flow through submerged and partially submerged orifices

Mouth pieces- different types and their uses, convergent, divergent and Bordas mouth

piece.

5. FLOW OVER NOTCHES

Definition of notch, and its types, discharge calculation for rectangular, triangular and

trapezoidal notch (simple problems without derivation)

6. FLOW OVER WEIRS

Definition of weir, discharge over rectangular and cippolitte weir (simple problems

without derivation)

Types of weirs and their uses (only theory)

7. FLOW THROUGH CHANNELS

Definition and classification of channels

Discharge through channels using Chezys and Mannings formula( no derivation

simple problems only)

Most economical sections for rectangular and trapezoidal channels

8. FLOW THROUGH PIPES

Loss of fluid friction

Types of losses, major and minor losses

Darcys formula for head loss due to friction( simple problems, on major and minor

losses)

Flow through single pipe

Flow from one reservoir to another reservoir through single pipe

Water hammer, surge tanks (only theory)

9. PUMPS AND TURBINES

Working principle of reciprocating, centrifugal and deep well pumps

Maintenance of pumps

Turbine, types and its working principle of Pelton and Francis turbine

GENERAL EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES:

Upon completion of the study of the subject the student should be able to

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Know the importance of total pressure and centre of pressure

Comprehend the general principles of the flow of a fluid and energies of fluid

Understand the principles of flow through orifices and mouth pieces

Determine the discharge for different types of notches.

Determine the discharge for different types of weirs

Understand the terms and principles of flow through channels of most economical

sections

8. Understand the terms and principles of flow through pipes.

9. Understand the working principles of pumps and turbines

SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES:

1.0 Comprehend the fluid pressure and its measurement.

1.1 Know the definition of fluid, its classification and important properties and their

SI

units (simple problems)

1.2 Understand the definition of Hydrostatic pressure, atmospheric pressure,

gauge pressure, absolute pressure, vaccum pressure, intensity of pressure and

pressure head

1.3 Measurement of pressure using simple manometer and differential manometer,

simple

problems on them

2.0 Know the importance of total pressure and centre of pressure

2.1 Understand the concept of total pressure and centre of pressure on vertical planes

like, triangular , rectangular and circular plane surfaces

2.2 Simple problems on the above

2.3 Know the practical applications of center of pressure (sluice gates)

3.0 Comprehend the general principles of the flow of a fluid and energies of fluid

3.1 Definition of various types of fluid flow. stream line , turbulent, steady and

unsteady,

uniform and non uniform

3.2 Establish the equation of continuity of flow.(simple problems)

3.3 Know the type of energies of fluid in motion.( potential, kinetic and pressure

head)

3.4 State Bernoulli's theorem for total energy and its equation(simple problems)

3.6 Application of Bernoulli's equation for horizontal venturimeter(Theory equation

and

simple problems).

4.0 Understand the principles of flow through orifices and mouth pieces.

4.1 Know the definition of orifice and Classify the different types of orifices

4.2 Define the terms Vena contracta , hydraulic coefficients and their relationships

4.3 Understand the flow through rectangular and circular orifice and simple problems

4.4 Understand the concept flow through submerged and partially submerged orifice.

4.5 List the various types of mouthpieces., differentiate between internal and

external

mouth piece

5.0 Determine the discharge for different types of notches.

5.1 Definition and types of notches

5.2 Know the Formula for discharge over rectangular notch, trapezoidal notch

and triangular notches.(simple problems)

6.0 Determine the discharge for different types of weirs

6.1 Definition and type of weirs

6.2 State the formula for discharge over a rectangular weir and cippolette weir(simple

problems)

6.3 Francis formula for the discharge over a rectangular weir(simple problems)

7.0 Understand the terms and principles of flow through channels of most

economical sections

.

7.1 Define the terms: wetted perimeter and hydraulic mean depth.

7.2 Knowledge of Chezy's formula for discharge through open channel.

7.3 Calculate the discharge through a rectangular and trapezoidal channel

using Chezy's formula.

7.4 State Manning's formulae for discharge through open channel.

7.5 Calculate the discharge through rectangular and trapezoidal channels using

above formulae.

7.7 State the conditions for most economical section of a rectangular and

trapezoidal channel.

7.8 Calculate the discharge for most economical section of rectangular and

trapezoidal channels from the given parameter.

7.9 Calculate the max. velocity and max. discharge in a channel of circular section

7.10 Explain the terms - specific energy, critical depth, critical velocity for

non-uniform flow.

7.11 Explain the hydraulic jump and its applications.

8.0 Understand the terms and principles of flow through pipes.

8.1 State the law's of fluid friction for uniform flow.

8.2 To know the types of losses of flow in a pipe major and minor losses

8.3 Know and apply Darcys formula for head loss due to friction in a pipe flow

from given parameters.

8.4 Define and Sketch the hydraulic gradient and total energy lines.

8.5 Calculate the discharge from one reservoir to another reservoir through

a single pipeline.

8.6 Explain the effect of water hammer.

8.7 Outline the use of surge tank

.

9.0 Understand the working principles of pumps and turbines

.

9.1 Explain the working principles of a reciprocating pump, centrifugal pump

and deep well pump-theory and sketch

9.2 Explain the maintenance of pumps

9.3 Define turbine , classification of turbines, differentiate between impulse and

reaction turbine and its working principle

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics - Dr. P.N.Modi and Dr S.M.Seth

(Standard Book House, Delhi - 6)

2. Hydraulics By H S Vishwanath, Sapna Publications.

3. Hydraulics, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines R S Khurmi

( S Chand and Company, Ramnagar New Delhi - 110 055 )

4. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics - Dr. Jagadish Lal

5. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics - Abdulla Sheriff

6. Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery V. Thanikachelam T.T.T.I Madras - 600 113

7. Hydraulics, Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines Bansal A R ( Laxmi publication,

New Delhi- 110 002)

8. Hydraulics, Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines - S.Ramamrutham

DIPLOMA IN CIVIL ENGINEERING(DSHIP) FOURTH SEMESTER

SUBJECT: HYDRAULICS

MODEL QUESTION PAPER

Duration : 3 Hours

2. Answer any two full questions from the remaining sections

SECTION-I

Q1

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

(v)

. is an instrument used to determine fluid pressure

The relationship between three hydraulic co-efficient is given by

energy to hydraulic energy

The condition for orifice to be large is

is used to determine discharge flowing through a pipeline

(b)

(iii)

1 x 5=05

05

SECTION-II

Q2

(a)

(b)

(c )

Q3

(a)

(b)

(c )

Q4

(a)

(b)

(c )

viscosity iv) surface tension v)capillarity

Determine pressure of a liquid of specific gravity 1.25 at a depth

10m below its free surface.

Define total pressure and centre of pressure

05

way that its centre is at a depth of 5m below the free surface.

Determine the total pressure and centre of pressure exerted by the

liquid on the plate

What are sluice gates? Explain its practical application

Differentiate between a) steady flow and unsteady flow

b) uniform and non uniform flow

What are the limitations of Bernoullis theorem

A circular pipe tapered in section is 100mm diameter at one end

which is 2m above datum and 250mm diameter at other end which

is 6m above datum. The pressure and velocity of water flowing at

lower end is 200 KN?m2 and 10m/sec respectively. Determine the

pressure at the other end

A venturimeter 200 X 100 mm is used to determine discharge of

water flowing through a pipe. The U-Tube differential mercury

07

05

05

03

05

03

06

06

Determine the discharge of water flowing through the pipe

Q5

(a)

(b)

(c )

Q6

(a)

(b)

(c )

Q7

(a)

(b)

(c )

SECTION-III

What are orifices? Mention its different types and explain any one

type

An orifice of 20mm diameter is provided to determine discharge

of water flowing through the tank. The depth of water is 4m above

the centre of the orifice. Determine discharge of water flowing

through the orifice

Differentiate between submerged and partially submerged orifice

05

06

04

What are mouth pieces? Mention its different types and explain

Bordas mouth piece

Determine discharge through a rectangular notch having breadth

100mm and depth of flow over the crest of the notch being 28mm.

The co-efficient of discharge being 0.6

Mention the advantages of V-notch over rectangular notch

05

application

A rectangular weir is used to determine a discharge of 3m/sec. The

maximum depth of flow over the weir is being 100mm.

Determine the breadth of the weir to allow the above discharge.

Take Cd of the weir as 0.6

Mention the difference between notch and weir

04

06

04

07

03

SECTION-IV

Q8

(a)

(b)

(c )

Q9

(a)

(b)

Design most economical rectangular section to carry a discharge

of 10m3/sec given Chezys constant 55 and bed slope 1 in 1500

Define hydraulic gradient line and total energy line

04

08

carries water with a depth of 1m. The bed slopes is 1 in 1600.

Estimate the discharge. Take value of N in Mannings formula as

0.04

A reservoir has been built 4km away from a college campus

having 5000 inhabitants. Water is to be supplied from the reservoir

to the campus. It is estimated that each inhabitant will consume

200 liters of water per day and that half of the daily supply is

pumped within 10 hours. Calculate the size of the supply main, if

the loss of head due to friction in pipeline is 20m. Assume coefficient of friction for the pipeline as 0.008

08

03

07

Q10

(a)

(b)

(c )

and 1.5km long. The velocity of water in the pipe is 1meter per

sec. take co efficient of friction as 0.005

Explain the working principle of reciprocating pump

Differentiate between impulse and reaction turbine

05

05

05

- FMHM - EEE - Final Exam Important QuestionsUploaded byBhavani Chandra Unique
- 1317Uploaded bycesardako
- FLUJO SUBTERRANEO.pptUploaded byWilliams León Menacho
- Hydraulic ForceUploaded bytuliolima
- ABB Orifice CalcsUploaded bynambidurai
- Tspsc Previouspapers Aee2015 Not8 15 OptionalUploaded byRaja Sekhar
- Centrifugal Pumps & Fluid FlowUploaded bykarim9402
- Lab Manual - FM and M LabUploaded byRavichandran G
- Orifice QuestionsUploaded byCamille Joy Cucio
- Relief SummaryUploaded byMuthuKumar Arunachalam
- Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics (E.shashi Menon, 2004) - Book[092-127]Uploaded byKateryne Rocha
- dec06feature.pdfUploaded byAmgad_S
- Aqueduct DesignUploaded byAsif Muhammad
- AR-TRC-9901Uploaded byAdron Lim
- ME fluid Mechanics MCQ.docxUploaded bywaleed Alkaseri
- BernoulliUploaded bysaifulsabdin
- Laporan Praktikum Mekflud SisiUploaded byKia Fajar
- AS401COL (195kta) Aspen ReportUploaded byNoman Ashraf
- Experimental Measurement of Slippage III Flow Through Vertical PipesUploaded byMario Enrique Vadillo Sáenz
- CH E 425 E1 Conclusion (Edit)Uploaded byIthan Jessemar Dollente
- Question BankUploaded byRupesh Sharma
- Piezocone Dissipation TestUploaded bybakri2016
- Lab 3 Report PipesUploaded byJhiGz Llausas de Guzman
- Energy Efficiency 3Uploaded byUallace Reis
- new1Uploaded bySuhas Natu
- Laboratorio_9-_Permeabilidad_ASTM_2434.PDFUploaded byEdward
- Section 3Uploaded byToño Toño
- 2012 Beek 2010c FinalpaperUploaded byAnonymous ncBe0B9b
- 9780203021385Uploaded byketanvansjariya
- Orifice 2dfgfdgUploaded byEmanoAce

- railway points and crossingUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Urban Transport Planning-CVPE812-SE June 2015.PDFUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Construction TechnologyUploaded byVikram Rao
- ENV-IIUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Transport system in pakistanUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- SP-IIIUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Water Resource EnggUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Surveying IIIUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Irrigation&Bridge DRGUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Higway,Bridge&AirportUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Estimating&Costing IUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- CT & RCCUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- GEOTECH ENGGUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Solid Wasre ManagementUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Town PlanningUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Repairs&Maintenance CivilUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Adv Const TechUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Project Work SchedulingUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Extensive Survey ProjectUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Model QpaperUploaded byVikram Rao
- Mathematics iUploaded byneerajputta
- 1 & 2 Sem Scheme of StudiesUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- 3 & 4 Sem Scheme of StudiesUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- 5 & 6 Sem Scheme of StudiesUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- Scheme of Examination for Practical ExaminationUploaded byVikram Rao
- LITRATUREUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- metropptnew-130904081637-Uploaded byifgbg
- soil propertiesUploaded byKaizer DAn

- suspension_tuning_and_development_by_steve_lyman.pdfUploaded bysenthilmh
- 6. Flowmeter DEMONSTRATIONUploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- TSD-04.pdfUploaded byeder_peruch
- SV Pumps controlUploaded byBala Krishnan Nata
- LazariUploaded byRoberto Wallis
- Internal Cleaning of Piping and VesselUploaded byrodinsendiong
- To HQ 02 027 00 PhilosophyforFlowMeteringSystems OnshoreUploaded byagaricus
- Experiment 4 2Uploaded byChong
- Aga3Uploaded byDavid Alexander Fonseca Pinzon
- 12 Discharge MeasurementsUploaded bydeesing
- Supercritical ReliefUploaded byAlexis Torreele
- DR Spraymaster-DuoDA Apr08Uploaded byAgustin Montiel Gonzalez
- Orifice and Chemical Tracer Flow Test Measurements on Production Geothermal WellsUploaded byindeskey
- Hydro Pneumatic Tank.Uploaded bybryesanggalang
- 01. Hydropower Impact on Water QualityUploaded byCarlos HV
- PRD Design FundamentalsUploaded bynarayanan_anoob
- Hydraulics 1Uploaded byMehroz
- Hoja Calculo GasUploaded byJose Luis
- 2-3Uploaded bymotaba1
- HydraulicsUploaded bysayhigaurav07
- Absorption S 141016Uploaded byhortalemos
- Earth Dams (USDA, Technical)Uploaded bytcorey7
- Determination Coefficient of Velocity From Jet TrjectoryUploaded byMohd Syafiq Akmal
- Singapore CP 52 2004+Err1Uploaded bySuSi Aothunthoitrang
- Watermills With Horizontal WheelsUploaded byjonnie_electrick
- mfc-2m_r2001_e1983Uploaded byMarko's Brazon'
- 251134354-Handbook-Hydraulic-Kinggoog.epubUploaded byGia Minh Tieu Tu
- Method 5Uploaded byDipeshBardolia
- 19Test MethodUploaded bycocoashish
- Flow MeasurementUploaded byKaran Roy