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Question 1

2 out of 2 points

The temperature of a substance is the amount of heat within a substance.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Temperature measures the average kinetic energy of molecules in a
substance.

Response
Feedback:

Question 2
2 out of 2 points

Two objects in contact are in thermal equilibrium if their particles possess the same
average kinetic energy.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
When objects are in thermal equilibrium, they are at the same
temperature.

Response
Feedback:

Question 3
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is an example of heat transfer?


Selected Answer:

a spoon in a cup of hot soup becomes warmer


Correct Answer:

a spoon in a cup of hot soup becomes warmer


Response
Feedback:

The equilibrium expression should be written using only compounds in


aqueous solution or gas phases. The coefficients shown in the balanced
chemical equation should be used as superscripts in the Kcequation.

Question 4
2 out of 2 points

If the change in enthalpy is negative, H is negative and heat is released during the
change.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

If the change in enthalpy is negative, the reaction is exothermic and the


final state has less energy than the initial state.

Question 5
2 out of 2 points

Combustion is an example of an exothermic reaction.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Feedback:

A fire is an example of an exothermic reaction.

Question 6
2 out of 2 points

The specific heat of a substance is the heat that must be absorbed to increase the
temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Feedback:

The unit for specific heat capacity is J/gC.

Question 7
3 out of 3 points

Given 13.5 grams of substance Z, if the substance absorbs 36 kilojoules of energy and the
temperature increases by 25 degrees Celsius, what is the specific heat of the substance?
Selected Answer:

1.07 x 102 J/gC


Correct Answer:

1.07 x 102 J/gC


Response
Feedback:

Using the equation, q = mcT, and by rearranging the equation, you can
determine the specific heat of the substance. It is important to make sure units
cancel, which includes the need to convert from kilojoules to joules.

Question 8
3 out of 3 points

Given 16.2 grams of substance Y, if the substance absorbs 2722 joules of energy and the
specific heat of the substance is 9.22 J/gC, what is the final temperature of the substance

if the initial was 26 degrees Celsius?


Selected Answer:

44C
Correct Answer:

44C
Response
Feedback:

Using the equation, q = mcT, and by rearranging the equation, you can
calculate the change in temperature. From this and the initial temperature,
you can then determine the final temperature.

Question 9
Needs Grading

A calorimeter is used in an experiment. The initial temperature of the system was found to
be 32 degrees Celsius. The final temperature was found to be 48 degrees Celsius. Discuss
the direction of transfer of energy and the resulting change in enthalpy (if any).

Selected
Answer:
Correct
Answer:

Metal fragments released heat into the water raising the temperature of the
water.

Since the temperature is increasing, heat is being transferred from


the reaction and into the water. This is an exothermic reaction. In
this type of reaction, the enthalpy will decrease, so the change in
enthalpy will be negative.

Response [None Given]


Feedback:

Question 10
2 out of 2 points

Two substances have different Hvaporization values. If given the same number of moles of
each substance, and assuming the same amount of heat is applied to both substances, the
substance with a higher Hvaporization value will convert from a liquid to a gas more quickly.
Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response The Hvaporization is the amount of heat necessary per mole of substance to
Feedback: convert a substance from a liquid to a gas (or Hcondensation for gas to

liquid). The substance with a higher Hvaporization will absorb more heat before
converting from a liquid to a gas.

Question 11
0 out of 3 points

What amount of heat is exchanged when 16.02 grams of substance Y goes from a gas at
62 degrees Celsius to a liquid at 62 degrees Celsius? Boiling point of substance Y = 62
degrees C; Hvaporization = 9.22 J/mol; Hfusion = 2.77 J/mol. MWsubstance y = 14.77 g/mol.
Selected Answer:

3.00 x 100 J
Correct Answer:

10.0 J
Response
Feedback:

Using the equation, q = H*mol, one can determine the amount of heat
absorbed or released to allow phase change to occur.

Question 12
2 out of 2 points

The equation, DF

D + F + heat, is an example of an exothermic reaction.

Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

When heat is added as a product, the reaction is exothermic. We also see heat
written on the reactant side, but with a negative sign indicating it must be
removed in order for the reaction to proceed in the forward direction.

Question 13
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following statements concerning the reaction shown below are true?
P4 (s) + 3O2 (g)
P4O6 (s)
H = 1640 kJ
heat is absorbed
heat is released
rxn is exothermic
rxn is endothermic
products have higher enthalpy content than reactants
reactants have higher enthalpy content than products
Selected Answer:

II, III, and VI


Correct Answer:

II, III, and VI


Response
Feedback:

To produce a H, the reaction must be exothermic, where heat is released.


If energy is released, then the reactants have a higher enthalpy than the
products.

Question 14
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following statements concerning the reaction shown below are true?
AgBr (s) + Cl2 (g)
AgCl (s) + Br2 (l)
H = 27.6 kJ
Heat is absorbed.
Heat is released.
Rxn is exothermic.
Rxn is endothermic.
Products have higher enthalpy content than reactants.
Reactants have higher enthalpy content than products.
Selected Answer:

II, III, and VI


Correct Answer:

II, III, and VI


Response
Feedback:

To produce a H, the reaction must be exothermic, where heat is released.


If energy is released, then the reactants have a higher enthalpy than the
products.

Question 15
3 out of 3 points

The enthalpy change for the reaction, 3CO (g) + 2Fe2O3 (s)
Fe(s) + 3CO2 (g), can be
calculated from Hf values for each reactant and product. Which substance or substances
in this equation have a Hf value equal to 0.0 kilojoules?
Selected Answer:

Fe(s)
Correct Answer:

Fe(s)
Response
Feedback:

Every element in its standard state has its enthalpy of formation value set to
zero kilojoules. Pure solid metals and diatomic gases, such as O2 and Cl2, are
in their standard states.

Question 16
3 out of 3 points

Given the enthalpies of reaction below, determine the enthalpy change for the reaction:
N2O (g) + NO2 (g)
3NO (g).
N2 (g) + O2 (g)

2NO (g)

H = +180.7 kJ

2NO (g) + O2 (g)


2NO2 (g)

H = -113.1 kJ

2N2O (g)
O2 (g)

H = -163.2 kJ

2N2 (g) +

Selected Answer:

155.6 kJ
Correct Answer:

155.6 kJ
Response To complete this problem, it is necessary to reverse equation two, which
Feedback: changes the sign of the enthalpy value. Then, it is also necessary to divide

equation two and three by 2, in order to obtain the given equation. This will
reduce both their enthalpy values by half.

Question 17
2 out of 2 points

According to the first law of thermodynamics, energy can be transferred as heat or work.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

According to the first law of thermodynamics, energy can be changed from


one form to another, but the total energy of the universe remains constant.
Two ways of transferring energy are heat and work.

Question 18
2 out of 2 points

Heat flow transfer cannot occur between two objects with the same molecular average
kinetic energy.

Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

If two objects possess the same molecular average kinetic energy, then
heat will not transfer from one object to the other.

Question 19
3 out of 3 points

Heat will flow from object A to object B if:


The molecular average kinetic energy of the two objects is the same.
The molecular average kinetic energy of A is higher than that of B.
The molecular average kinetic energy of B is higher than that of A.
Selected Answer:

II only
Correct Answer:

II only
Response
Feedback:

Heat will transfer between objects only if there is a difference in the molecular
average kinetic energy between the two objects, and the object transferring
the heat has greater thermal energy.

Question 20
2 out of 2 points

The law of conservation of energy maintains that the total amount of energy in the
universe remains the same during all energy changes.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

In regards to this law, energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but only
transferred.

Question 21
0 out of 2 points

In general, a change in the direction of more concentrated or localized energy is nonspontaneous.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

Chemical changes usually proceed from more concentrated energy states to


less concentrated energy states spontaneously. These reactions occur without
outside assistance because the free energy decreases during the change.

Question 22
3 out of 3 points

In general, spontaneous reactions are different than non-spontaneous reactions in that


spontaneous reactions:
Selected Answer:

can provide free energy that can be used for work elsewhere
Correct Answer:

can provide free energy that can be used for work elsewhere
Response In spontaneous reactions, the reactants generally possess more concentrated
Feedback: energy and more thermal energy than the products. The energy is released into

the surroundings and can be used as energy to drive another reaction that
might be non-spontaneous.

Question 23
2 out of 2 points

A S value suggests a concentration of energy into a more useful form.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

A decrease in entropy, or disorder, means that a more ordered arrangement


or more concentrated energy form has been achieved.

Question 24
3 out of 3 points

When G = O, which of the following is true?


Selected Answer:

Neither the forward or reverse reaction is favored.


Correct Answer:

Neither the forward or reverse reaction is favored.


Response
Feedback:

When ΔG = 0, there is no tendency for a reaction to occur in any


direction. The system is at equilibrium.

Question 25
2 out of 2 points

A reaction will only be spontaneous if the change in enthalpy is more negative than the
product of TS is positive.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

The combination of the change in enthalpy, H, and TS, must be


negative for the reaction to be spontaneous.

Question 26
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following will favor a spontaneous change?


+H
H
+S
S
Selected Answer:

II and III
Correct Answer:

II and III
Response
Feedback:

Both a release in heat energy (negative enthalpy) and an increase in


disorder (positive S) favor a G, which indicates a spontaneous change.

Question 27
0 out of 2 points

If reactant particles collide in the proper orientation, the collision will be effective and the
reactants will form products.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response
Feedback:

To have an effective collision, reactant particles must collide with sufficient


kinetic energy to break existing bonds and collide in the proper orientation.

Question 28
2 out of 2 points

Pulverizing a solid reactant from chunks into a powder can affect the rate of the chemical
reaction.

Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

By pulverizing the solid from chunks into powder form, you are increasing
the surface area, which increases the rate of the chemical reaction.

Question 29
Needs Grading

Explain how changing the pressure can affect the rate of reaction.
Selected Increasing the pressure on a reaction involving reacting gases increases the rate of
Answer: reaction. Changing the pressure on a reactoin which involves only solids or liquids has no
effect on rate.

Correct
Answer:

When the reactants or products of a system are gases, the pressure


can be changed to affect the rate of reaction. At a constant
temperature, the pressure can be changed in one of two ways:
decreasing the volume of the system and/or increasing the number
of molecules of gas present. Either of these changes will change
the concentration of the gas. Because there is less distance
between molecules, collisions occur more often. Thus, an increase
in the concentration will cause an increase in the rate of the
reaction if the reactants include more gas particles than the
products.

Response [None Given]


Feedback
:

Question 30
2 out of 2 points

In an energy diagram for an exothermic chemical reaction, the total energy change is the
difference in energy between the energy of the reactants and the energy of the products.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

The overall energy (or enthalpy) change is the difference between the energy
of the products and the energy of the reactants. The activation energy does
not affect the overall energy change.

Question 31
3 out of 3 points

Using the enthalpy diagram below, determine which of the following is true.

Selected Answer:

The reaction is exothermic.


Correct Answer:

The reaction is exothermic.


Response
Feedback:

The reactants possess more energy than the products. This describes an
exothermic reaction.

Question 32
3 out of 3 points

In a reaction, catalysts speed up a reaction by:


Selected
Answer:
Correct
Answer:
Response
Feedback:

providing a less energetic transition state for reactants to


convert to products
providing a less energetic transition state for reactants to
convert to products
Catalysts lower the activation energy of a reaction, and thus, increase the
rates of both the forward and reverse reaction rates equally.

Question 33
3 out of 3 points

Chemical equilibrium is established when:


Selected
Answer:

The rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the


reverse reaction.

Correct
Answer:
Response
Feedback:

The rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the


reverse reaction.
By definition, chemical equilibrium is established when the rate of the
forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction.

Question 34
2 out of 2 points

An increase in pressure will cause a shift of equilibrium towards the side of the reaction
with the least moles of gas.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

By increasing the pressure, the reaction equilibrium will shift so as to reduce


the stress of the increased pressure. This is accomplished by shifting the
equilibrium towards the side containing the least amount of gas.

Question 35
3 out of 3 points

For this equilibrium reaction, which of the following describes how the given stress affects
the equilibrium position?
2SO3 (g) + heat

2SO2 (g) + O2 (g)

Selected Answer:

Removal of SO2 results in shifting of equilibrium to the right


Correct Answer:

Removal of SO2 results in shifting of equilibrium to the right


Response
Feedback:

Removal of SO2 reduces the concentration of SO2. In this case, the shift of
equilibrium will be to the right, so that the system can replace the lost SO 2.

Question 36
3 out of 3 points

For this equilibrium reaction, which of the following describes how the given stress affects
the equilibrium point?
N2 (g)+ O2 (g)

2NO (g)

Selected Answer:

Removal of N2 results in shifting of equilibrium to the left


Correct Answer:

Removal of N2 results in shifting of equilibrium to the left


Response Removal of N2 reduces the concentration of N2. In this case, the shift of
Feedback: equilibrium will be to the left, so that the system can replace the lost N 2. A

change in pressure will not affect the position of equilibrium because the moles
of gas in the reactants and products are equal.

Question 37
2 out of 2 points

In determining the equilibrium constant for a reaction, reactants or products in solid or


aqueous form are not included in the expression.
Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response Because the term, concentration, is not used for solids or liquids, neither solids
Feedback: nor liquids are included in the equilibrium expression. The concentration of

aqueous solutions can be expressed using molarity, so aqueous solutions are


included.

Question 38
3 out of 3 points

Given the following information, determine the Keq for the following reaction: COCl2 (g)
CO (g) + Cl2 (g)

Substance

Concentration (M)
equilibrium

CoCl2

1.8 x 10-3

CO

1.2 x 10-2

Cl2

1.2 x 10-2

Selected Answer:

8.0 x 10-2
Correct Answer:

8.0 x 10-2
Response The equilibrium expression should be written using only compounds in aqueous
Feedback: solution or gas phases. The coefficients shown in the balanced chemical

equation should be used as superscripts in the Kc equation. The equilibrium


constant expression should be written as [products]/[reactants].

Wednesday, August 3, 2016 12:14:04 AM CDT