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Classification of Corrosion

Mechanisms
A. Aquaeous Corrosion

B. Atmospheric
Corrosion
C. High Temperature
Corrosion

1. Uniform corrosion/General corrosion


2. Pitting corrosion
3. Crevice corrosion
4. Stress corrosion
5. Fatigue corrosion
6. Intergranular corrosion
7. Erosion corrosion
8. Hydrogen embrittlement
9. Cavitation
10. Selective leaching
11. Exfoliation
12. Biological corrosion
13. Etc.
CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

UNIFORM
CORROSION

CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

PITTING
CORROSION

CORROSION

PITTING
CORROSION

CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

CREVICE
CORROSION
CORROSION

CREVICE
CORROSION

Initial stage

Later stage
CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

STRESS
CORROSION
CRACKING /
SCC
CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

INTERGRANULAR
CORROSION

CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

INTERGRANULAR
CORROSION
CORROSION

Classification of corrosion

EXFOLIATION
CORROSION

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Classification of corrosion

HYDROGEN
EMBRITTLEMENT
CORROSION

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Classification of corrosion

EROSION
CORROSION
CORROSION

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Classification of corrosion

Dealloying
CORROSION
CORROSION

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Classification of corrosion

BIOLOGICAL
CORROSION
CORROSION

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Hydrogen and H2S Effects

H2S decrease pH to 4
Anion sulfide play a role as poison which trap H ion at
the metal surface and facilitate hydrogen penetration into
metal lattice.
Hydrogen induced cracking, hydrogen blistering, hydrogen
attack and formation of hydride at the sensitive alloy, will
be formed with the presence of H2S.
Corrosion product are the soluble Sulfide and sulfide
deposit.
At High strength steel, hydrogen stress cracking and
sulfide stress cracking could occur.
CORROSION

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