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Kinematika dan dinamika

2nd half of semester


Lecture note #1: Newton 2nd Law for particle
Dr. Eng. Radon Dhelika
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

Lecturer/instructor
Dr. Eng. Radon Dhelika (S3 2015, Tokyo
Institute of Technology
Departemen Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik UI
Ruangan: Gedung MRC lantai 5, Lab
perancangan mekanikal dan biomekanik
radon@eng.ui.ac.id
ask me if needed
ask me if needed

Syllabus
Kinematics:

Properties of motion: position, velocity, acceleration


NO force

To study the interaction between those properties


Involving force, work, energy, impulse, etc

Dynamics

1. Particle: force and acceleration


2. Particle: work and energy
3. Particle: impulse and momentum
4. Particle: collision and relative motion
5. Systems of particles
6. Rigid body: force and acceleration
7. Rigid body: work and energy
8. Rigid body: impulse and momentum

Schedule (tentative)
Lecture No

Topic

1 (25 Oct)

Intro, Newton's second law

2 (27 Oct)

Friction, forces in circular motion

3 (1 Nov)

Work, kinetic energy

4 (3 Nov)

Power, gravitational and elastic potential energy

5 (8 Nov)

Gravitational and elastic potential energy (2)

6 (10 Nov)

Quiz 1 (5%), Impulse + momentum (1)

7 (15 Nov)

Impulse + momentum (2)

8 (17 Nov)

Quiz 2 (5%), Moment of inertia

9 (22 Nov)

Torque (1)

10 (24 Nov)

Kosong (ke luar kota)

11 (29 Nov)

Quiz 3 (7.5%), Torque (2)

12 (1 Dec)

Angular momentum

13 (6 Dec)

Quiz 4 (7.5%)

14 (8 Dec)
14 (13 Dec)

UAS

Grading
Quiz #1: 5%
Quiz #2: 5%
Quiz #3: 7.5%
Quiz #4: 7.5%
UAS: 25%
TOTAL: 50%

References
Young, D. H., and A. R. Freedman. "University Physics
with Modern Physics, 13th."
Kraige, L. G., and J. L. Meriam. "Engineering Mechanics:
Dynamics."
Kleppner, Daniel, and Robert Kolenkow. An introduction
to mechanics. Cambridge University Press

Approaches to dynamics problems


General approaches to the
solution of kinetics problems

(1)
Application of
Newtons 2nd Law
(Force-MassAcceleration
method)

(2).
Work and
energy
principles

(3)
Impulse and
momentum methods

Newton's Law of Motion


First Law: an object either remains
at rest or continues to move at a
constant velocity, unless acted
upon by an external force
Second Law: The vector sum of the
external forces F on an object is
equal to the mass m of that object
multiplied by the acceleration
vector a of the object: F = ma
Third Law: When one body exerts
a force on a second body, the
second body simultaneously exerts
a force equal in magnitude and
opposite in direction on the first
body
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Equation of motion
a

F1

ma
Inertia Force

F2
m

Fn

F-ma=0
F= ma

Newtons 2nd Law

First simplification: point particle assumption


Second simplification: motion in one dimension
only
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Forces
Four common types of forces:

Normal force

Tension force

How do you confirm the


existance of normal force?

Friction force

Weight or
gravitational force

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Superposition of forces

The force

, which acts at an angle from the x

axis, may be replaced by its rectangular component


vectors

and
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Solved problem 1
A gymnast with mass 50 kg suspends herself from the lower end of a
hanging rope of negligible mass. The upper end of the rope is attached
to the gymnasium ceiling.
(a) What is the gymnasts weight?
(b) What force (magnitude and direction) does the rope exert on her?
(c) What is the tension at the top of the rope?

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Solved problem 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

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Solved problem 2
Find the tension at each end of the rope in Solved Problem 1 if the
weight of the rope is 120 N

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Solved problem 2

At each end, the tension of the rope is -610 N and 610 N

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Solved problem 3
a car engine with weight w hangs from a chain
that is linked at ring O to two other chains,
one fastened to the ceiling and the other to the
wall. Find expressions for the tension in each
of the three chains in terms of w. The weights
of the ring and chains are negligible compared
with the weight of the engine.

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Solved problem 3
Engine

O ring

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Solved problem 4
An iceboat is at rest on a frictionless horizontal surface. A wind is
blowing along the direction of the runners so that 4.0 s after the iceboat
is released, it is moving at 6 m/s. What constant horizontal force Fw
does the wind exert on the iceboat? The combined mass of iceboat and
rider is 200 kg

Ans: Fw = 300 N

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Solved problem 4

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Useful kinematics formulas

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Solved problem 5
An elevator and its load have a combined mass of 800 kg. The
elevator is initially moving downward at 10 m/s; it slows to a stop
with constant acceleration in a distance of 25.0 m. What is the
tension T in the supporting cable while the elevator is being
brought to rest?

Ans: T = 9440 N

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Solved problem 5

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Solved problem 6

Dynamics with constant force


A particle weighing 4 N is pulled up a smooth plane by a
force F. Determine the force of the plane on the particle
(N1) and the acceleration along the plane
Ans: N1 = 2.94 N, ax = 2.34 m/s2

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Solved problem 1

N1 = 2.94 N

ax = 2.34 m/s2
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