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Lecture note #1: Newton 2nd Law for particle

Dr. Eng. Radon Dhelika

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

Lecturer/instructor

Dr. Eng. Radon Dhelika (S3 2015, Tokyo

Institute of Technology

Departemen Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik UI

Ruangan: Gedung MRC lantai 5, Lab

perancangan mekanikal dan biomekanik

radon@eng.ui.ac.id

ask me if needed

ask me if needed

Syllabus

Kinematics:

NO force

Involving force, work, energy, impulse, etc

Dynamics

2. Particle: work and energy

3. Particle: impulse and momentum

4. Particle: collision and relative motion

5. Systems of particles

6. Rigid body: force and acceleration

7. Rigid body: work and energy

8. Rigid body: impulse and momentum

Schedule (tentative)

Lecture No

Topic

1 (25 Oct)

2 (27 Oct)

3 (1 Nov)

4 (3 Nov)

5 (8 Nov)

6 (10 Nov)

7 (15 Nov)

8 (17 Nov)

9 (22 Nov)

Torque (1)

10 (24 Nov)

11 (29 Nov)

12 (1 Dec)

Angular momentum

13 (6 Dec)

Quiz 4 (7.5%)

14 (8 Dec)

14 (13 Dec)

UAS

Grading

Quiz #1: 5%

Quiz #2: 5%

Quiz #3: 7.5%

Quiz #4: 7.5%

UAS: 25%

TOTAL: 50%

References

Young, D. H., and A. R. Freedman. "University Physics

with Modern Physics, 13th."

Kraige, L. G., and J. L. Meriam. "Engineering Mechanics:

Dynamics."

Kleppner, Daniel, and Robert Kolenkow. An introduction

to mechanics. Cambridge University Press

General approaches to the

solution of kinetics problems

(1)

Application of

Newtons 2nd Law

(Force-MassAcceleration

method)

(2).

Work and

energy

principles

(3)

Impulse and

momentum methods

First Law: an object either remains

at rest or continues to move at a

constant velocity, unless acted

upon by an external force

Second Law: The vector sum of the

external forces F on an object is

equal to the mass m of that object

multiplied by the acceleration

vector a of the object: F = ma

Third Law: When one body exerts

a force on a second body, the

second body simultaneously exerts

a force equal in magnitude and

opposite in direction on the first

body

8

Equation of motion

a

F1

ma

Inertia Force

F2

m

Fn

F-ma=0

F= ma

Second simplification: motion in one dimension

only

10

Forces

Four common types of forces:

Normal force

Tension force

existance of normal force?

Friction force

Weight or

gravitational force

11

Superposition of forces

The force

vectors

and

12

Solved problem 1

A gymnast with mass 50 kg suspends herself from the lower end of a

hanging rope of negligible mass. The upper end of the rope is attached

to the gymnasium ceiling.

(a) What is the gymnasts weight?

(b) What force (magnitude and direction) does the rope exert on her?

(c) What is the tension at the top of the rope?

13

Solved problem 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

14

Solved problem 2

Find the tension at each end of the rope in Solved Problem 1 if the

weight of the rope is 120 N

15

Solved problem 2

16

Solved problem 3

a car engine with weight w hangs from a chain

that is linked at ring O to two other chains,

one fastened to the ceiling and the other to the

wall. Find expressions for the tension in each

of the three chains in terms of w. The weights

of the ring and chains are negligible compared

with the weight of the engine.

17

Solved problem 3

Engine

O ring

18

Solved problem 4

An iceboat is at rest on a frictionless horizontal surface. A wind is

blowing along the direction of the runners so that 4.0 s after the iceboat

is released, it is moving at 6 m/s. What constant horizontal force Fw

does the wind exert on the iceboat? The combined mass of iceboat and

rider is 200 kg

Ans: Fw = 300 N

19

Solved problem 4

20

21

Solved problem 5

An elevator and its load have a combined mass of 800 kg. The

elevator is initially moving downward at 10 m/s; it slows to a stop

with constant acceleration in a distance of 25.0 m. What is the

tension T in the supporting cable while the elevator is being

brought to rest?

Ans: T = 9440 N

22

Solved problem 5

23

Solved problem 6

A particle weighing 4 N is pulled up a smooth plane by a

force F. Determine the force of the plane on the particle

(N1) and the acceleration along the plane

Ans: N1 = 2.94 N, ax = 2.34 m/s2

24

Solved problem 1

N1 = 2.94 N

ax = 2.34 m/s2

25

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