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1. Personal Pronouns.

Singular:
Yo (I)
Tú (You)
Él /Ella/ Ello (He/ she/ it)
Plural:
Nosotros (We)
Vosotros (You)
Ellos/Ellas (They)

2. Possessive Pronouns.
We can see 2 types of possesive pronouns:
my
mi(s)

This is my house.
Ésta es mi casa.

your
tu(s), de ti / su(s), de usted

This is your book.
Éste es tu libro. / Éste es su libro.

his
su(s), de él

This is his bicycle.
Ésta es su bicicleta.

her
su(s), de ella

This is her dress.
Éste es su vestido.

its
su(s)

This is its (the cat´s) home.
Ésta es su casa (la casa del gato).

our
nuestro(s), de nosotros

These are our suitcases.
Éstas son nuestras maletas.

your
vuestro(s) / su(s), de

These are your seats.
Éstos son vuestros asientos. / Éstos son sus

ours nuestro(s) The suitcases are ours. / Estos asientos son suyos. And the second type is: mine mío(s) This book is mine. its su(s) The house is its (the cat´s).ustedes asientos. Estos asientos son vuestros. yours vuestro(s) / suyo(s) These seats are yours. yours tuyo(s) / suyo(s) Is this book yours? ¿Este libro es tuyo? / ¿Este libro es suyo? his suyo(s) This bicycle is his. La casa es suya (del gato). El vestido es de ella. 3. Esta bicicleta es de él. theirs suyo(s) This pencil is theirs. Las maletas son nuestras. Demonstrative Pronouns. . hers suyo(s) The dress is hers. Este libro es mío. Éstos son sus libros. de ellos These are their books. their su(s). Este lápiz es de ellos.

aquél. herself ella misma. ourselves nosotros mismos We made it ourselves. Yo mismo lo vi. Reflexive Pronouns. El gato se rascó. myself yo mismo. . Ellos hablaban consigo mismos. a sí misma She did it herself.this (este/a/o) that (ese/a/o. usted mismo (a usted) Don’t burn yourself! ¡No te quemes! / ¡No se queme! himself él mismo a sí mismo He hurt himself. 5. yourselves vosotros mismos. a mí I saw it myself. yourself tú mismo (a tí). aquellos/as) 4. a sí mismo The cat scratched itself. Lo hemos hecho nosotros mismos. Se hizo daño. Sentence structure. ustedes mismos Did you paint the house yourselves? ¿Pintasteis la casa vosotros mismos? / ¿Pintaron la casa ustedes mismos? themselves ellos mismos They were speaking to themselves. itself él mismo. aquello/a) these (estos/as) those (esos/as. Lo hizo ella misma.

(I think you can look it better in spanish because we have differents ends for every person and every tense of the verbs)  Negative Sentences (Oraciones Negativas) The formation is: In Spanish.  Afirmative sentences (Oraciones afirmativas) The formation is: Subject + Verb + Complement (Sujeto + Verbo + Complemento) Example: El perro tiene una pelota. (El sujeto y el predicado) The subject is the the person. (The dog has a ball) “El perro” = Subject “tiene” = Verb “una pelota” = Complement *Sometimes the verb appear before than the subject. the negative form is obtained writing” no” before the conjugated verb. a predicate is the constituent of the sentence that provides information about the subject. In spanish we have like in english different types of sentences. In syntax. Example: Melvin no quiere jugar (Melvin doesnt want to play) Our no is like your dont/doesnt .the subject in this sentence is “They” First person of plural.In spain the formation of a sentence always have 2 important parts that always appear in every sentence: The subject and the predicate. but we wont learn that yet. animal or thing that performs the action of the verb or who says something and the predicate is the rest of the sentence since the verb. (first basically things) Example: En ese momento entraron los invitados (In that moment entered the guests) *Another times the subject doesnt appear in the sentence. Example: Compraron un coche nuevo la semana pasada (Bought a new car last week) Who bought the car? . that its a pasive sentence. and you have to find it looking the tense of the verb and choosing the correct person of plurar or singular.

. nunca/jamás Ejemplo: No voy a ir nunca a ese país..)  no .. 6. ni ... * We have to the double negation in spanish formed:  no . In Spanish.)  no . ni Ejemplo: Eso no tiene ni pies ni cabeza. nada Ejemplo: No hay nada más bonito... (I do not know either. (I will never go to this country.* When we want to put more force when we express negation we sometimes use 2 times the adverb “no”. (There is nothing nicer..)  no . (a) nadie Ejemplo: No veo a nadie en la calle. They can be classified in total questions (yes-no) or partial and direct or indirect.. because the translation is positive (“algo” in spanish) Therefore in english doesnt exist the double negation like in spanish.)  no . (It has neither head nor tail. Interrogative Sentences. (I do not know any good dentist... tampoco Ejemplo: Yo no lo sé tampoco. The formation of this sentences its the same than the afirmative clauses but writed between “¿?”. (I dont see anyone on the street. ningún Ejemplo: No conozco ningún buen dentista. questions are usually between two question marks (?)...)  no .) *But in englisg for example the word “anything” (nada) is not consider negative. Example: ..

Example: What are you going to see? .An action movie. (¿Qué vas a ver? – Una película de acción.Do you like to go to the cinema? → ¿Te gusta ir al cine? Can i go with you? → ¿Puedo ir contigo? Do you like to buy popcorn? → ¿Quieres comprar palomitas? *The normal answer for these sentences is usually yes (si) or not (no).) For the last type of interrogative sentences you need to use the interrogative pronoums: WHO (Quien/ Quienes) WHAT (Qué) WHICH (Cual/Cuales) WHOSE (De quien / de quienes) WHEN (Cuando) WHERE (Donde) HOW (Cómo) Examples: Who was the creator of our flag? ¿Quién fue el creador de nuestra bandera? What did he say before leaving? ¿Qué dijo antes de irse? Which South American country do you want to visit? ¿Cuál país sudamericano quiere visitar? Whose house is this? ¿De quién es esta casa? Whose books have you finally bought? ¿Los libros de quién has comprado finalmente? . if you need more information has been provided. Another types of interrogative sentence in spanish are questions can not be answered with a yes or no.

When is your birthday? ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? Where are you going tomorrow? ¿Adónde vas mañana? How are you today? ¿Cómo estás hoy? .