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Judicial Branch

Chapter 13: Federal and State Court System


Lesson 1: Judicial System in Our Democracy
Early Systems of Law
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Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary


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Rule of Law

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Controls on the Abuse of Power


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Judicial Independence
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Lesson 2: Trials
The Function of Trail Courts
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Jurisdiction
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Adversarial System
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Roles in Trial
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Steps in a Trial

1. Opening Statement by Plaintiff or Prosecutor


2. Opening Statement by Defense
3. Direct Examination by Plaintiff or Prosecutor
4. Cross-Examination by Defense
5. Motions
6. Direct Examination by Defense
7. Cross-Examination by Plaintiff or Prosecutor
8. Closing Statement by Plaintiff or Prosecutor
9. Closing Statement by Defense
10. Rebuttal Arguments
11. Jury Instructions
12. Verdict

Settling Cases Without a Trial


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Juries
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Right To a Jury
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Jury
Service
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Lesson 3: Appeals
Errors of Law

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Procedural Due Process


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Procedures at an Appeals Court


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Precedent and Stare Decisis


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Lesson 4: Local, State, and Federal Courts


Jurisdiction
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State & Local Courts Jurisdiction


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State Trial and Appeals Courts


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Judges
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Jurisdiction of the Federal Courts


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Federal Trials and Appeals Courts


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Military Courts
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Tribal Courts
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