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# What is our learning today?

## Write one word in the back of your books or on

and what our learning will be about today and hold
up to the rest of the class

## What do you know?

On your reflection wheel write what you know
http://www.worldometers.info/worldpopulation/

## Population: Lesson 1 How does

population grow?
Learning outcomes:

## To be able to describe world

population growth (4-5) quoting figures
(6-7) , using key vocabulary(7-8)
Key idea:
Over time the global population increases and the
population structures of different countries change.

## Summarise the meaning of the film clip in no

more than 3 sentences
Share your sentences with the rest of the people

## Summarise the meaning of the film clip in no

more than 3 sentences
Share your sentences with the rest of the people

## What do you know now?

On your reflection wheel write what you know

## Global Population Growth

Look at the Population
Data in the table on
the right.
Draw a sketch line
show this data
describe what is
happening to the
worlds population

Year

World
Population
(Billions)

1750

0.8

1800

1.0

1850

1.2

1900

1.8

1950

2.4

2000

6.1

2050

10

## Global population growth

The worlds population has grown
exponentially.
This means that the rate of growth has
become increasingly rapid. Not only is
population increasing, but the rate of
increase is becoming greater.
By 2000 there were 10 times as many
people living as there had been 300 years
before in 1700.
Population growth is often shown on a line
graph. Exponential growth produces a line
that becomes steeper over time.
Today, growth rates are slowing down
(although the numbers being added daily
are still high) so the shape of the graph is
leveling off into an S curve.

or underlining the key terms

Sorting activity
Birth rate, death rate and natural increase

## Sort the key terms with their definitions to

show your understanding of birth rate, death
rate and natural increase.

Birth Rate
Birth rate (BR) is the number of babies born
alive per 1000 people per year.
The more economically developed the country,
the lower its birth rate. Niger in Africa has a BR of
55.2 per 1000 whereas Latvia in Eastern Europe
has a BR of 7.8 per 1000.
The availablility of birth control means that very
high rates (50 per 1000) rarely occur now

Death rate
Death rate (DR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 people per
year.
Unlike BRs, death rates are similar between rich and poor countries.
The world average for both is between 9 and 10 per 1000.
During the second half of the twentieth century, death rates fell
everywhere, due to the spread of medical knowledge and
improvements in primary and secondary healthcare.
Exceptions to this are found in Southern Africa where death rates have
stopped falling. Botwana has been badly hit by the spread of HIV/Aids,
Sierra Leaone was war-torn for many years and Zimbabwes economy
and collapsed and it has severe food shortages.
It should also be noted that, in general, having many people under the
age of 15, as is the case in poorer countries, reduces the chance of
death. Similarly, death rates in richer countries are higher because
their populations are older.

Natural Increase
Natural increase is the difference between birth and
death rates in a country.
It is a useful measure of a populations growth or decline.
The wider the gap between high birth rates and low death
rates, the greater the size of natural increase.
Natural increase calculation for the UK:
BR = 10.7 per 1000 per year DR = 10.1 per 1000 per year
NI = BR DR

= 10.7 10.1
= 0.6
Natural change is often expressed as a percentage, so
the answer must be divided by 10. Therefore the UK NI =
0.06% per year.

## Population: Lesson 1 How does

population grow?
Learning outcomes:
1. To learn how population grows
2. To learn some of the key terms involved in
population growth
Key idea:
Over time the global population increases and the
population structures of different countries change.