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SPM ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1119

SMART
MODULE 2
2011

ENGLISH
LANGUAGE UNIT
KEDAH
EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT

SPM ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1119


SMART MODULE 2 2011
Patron
En. Mansor bin Lat
Director of Kedah Education Department
Advisor
Tn. Hj. Asmee bin Haji Tajuddin
Head of the Academic Sector
Coordinator
Pn. Hjh. Zaliha bt Ahmad
The Principal Assistant Director (English Language)
Committee Members
Pn. Wan Aisyah bt Haris
(Assistant District Language Officer for Language, Kota Setar)
Pn. Hjh. Fadzillah bt Selamat
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kubang Pasu)
En. Yong Kooi Hin
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Baling Sik)
En. Nordin bin Mohd. Noor
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Padang Terap)
En. Azmi bin Othman
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kuala Muda Yan)
En. Nagaiah Velu
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Langkawi)
En. Md. Zahir bin Husin
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kulim Bandar Baharu)
Pn. Nadia Normala Vimala bt Abdullah
(Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Pendang)
Cik Farha bt Sobry
(Assistant District Language Officer for English (Secondary), Kuala Muda Yan
En. Oslan bin Yum
(Assistant District Language Officer for English (Secondary), Kubang Pasu
Panel of Smart Module 2 2011 (SPM 1119)
1. Pn. Farah Ikhmar bt Jafri (SMK Sik)
2. En. Lim Swee Teong (SMK Simpang Kuala)
3. YM Raja Nurhayati bt Raja Abdullah (SMK Seri Pantai)
4. Pn. Norliza bt Abd Hamid (SMK Syed Abu Bakar)
5. Pn. Razliza bt Razak (SM Vokasional Kulim)
6. Pn. Noorkhasimah bt Abdul Halim (SMK Dato Syed Ahmad)
7. Pn. Sabjeet Kaur a/p Kasmir Singh (SMK Pendang)
8. Pn. Adibah@Adiba bt Khusairi (SMK Naka)
9. Pn. Fadhilah bt Bukil (SMK Mahsuri)
10. En. Zanurin bin Mohamad Safar (SMK Kulim)

TABLE OF CONTENT
CONTENT
1. INFORMATION TRANSFER
1.1
1.2
1.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Practices
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7
Practice 8
Practice 9

2.READING COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY


2.1
2.2
2.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Practices
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7
Practice 8

3. LITERATURE COMPONENT-POEMS
3.1
3.2
3.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Practices
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7
Practice 8
Practice 9
Practice 10
Practice 11
Practice 12

4. LITERATURE COMPONENT-NOVEL
4.1
4.2
4.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Practices
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7

5. DIRECTED WRITING
5.1
5.2
5.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Sample Essays and Practices
Sample Essay and Practice 1
Sample Essay and Practice 2
Sample Essay and Practice 3
Sample Essay and Practice 4
Sample Essay and Practice 5
Sample Essay and Practice 6
Sample Essay and Practice 7

6. CONTINUOUS WRITING
6.1
6.2
6.3

Teachers Notes
Students Tips
Sample Essays
Sample Essay 1
Sample Essay 2
Sample Essay 3
Sample Essay 4
Sample Essay 5
Sample Essay 6
Sample Essay 7
Sample Essay 8
Sample Essay 9
Sample Essay 10
Sample Essay 11
Sample Essay 12
Sample Essay 13
Sample Essay 14
Sample Essay 15
Sample Essay 16

Table of content
1. Information Transfer
1.1 Teachers Notes and Students Tips
1.2 Practice
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7
Practice 8
Practice 9

1 . INFORMATION TRANSFER
1.1 Tips on Answering Information Transfer Question
1. Study the information in the text carefully.
-The text can varies from advertisements, notices, movie reviews, news report,
catalogues, pamphlets and so forth.
2. Read the questions carefully.
-Make sure you know what the questions ask for.
-The questions may require you to write the name of events, titles of movies, or
relevant words or phrases taken out of the text.
3. The answer should be short and straight to the point.
- Do not write in full sentence or use your own words.
4. You may need to do some logical reasoning for some of the questions.
-Note the keywords in each question to help you to choose your answer.
5. Spell your answer correctly.
6. If students give more than one answer, mark will be awarded if only all the answers given
are correct.
- applicable for questions with more than possible answers.

1.2 Practice
Practice 1

THE NO. 1 CHOICE AMONGST LAW STUDENTS IN


MALAYSIA

Over 100 World And National Top Students, 1st Class And 2nd Uppers In The LLB,
CLP and ICSA Over The Past 2 Years.

The Wide Range Of Law Programmes


Offered
PRE-UNIVERSITY
A Level
(Cambridge International Examination)
UNDERGRADUATE
LLB (Hons.) Cardiff University
LLB (Hons) Liverpool University
LLB (Hons) Northumbria
University
LLB (Hons) Reading University
Via UK TRANSFER DEGREE
PROGRAMME (LAW)
PROFESSIONAL
Diploma for Legal Secretaries
Professional Development
Programmes

5 Reasons to Study Law at


Bhaling Law Institute
1 Comprehensive Law Library- BLI houses
a specialist law library which allow access to
online resources.

Free Books and Study Materials- students


will be provided with free textbook, statute
books, study manuals and revision guide.

Accomodation Services- BLI provides


ongoing accommodation service and its hall of
residence will be opening in 2011.

Flexible Study Modes- You can choose to


study Full Time, Part Time, on weekend or via
Distance Learning.

Financial Assistance- Scholarships,


PTPTN loans, EPF withdrawal and installment
scheme are available.

CALL 1- 800- 889- 5324 ( MS. SHANIA TWAINE)


OR EMAIL US AT bhalinglawinstitute@excitemail.com

Complete the blanks with the information from the text.

MEMO

1.Name of The College :. (1m)


Types of Programmes offered : 2(1m)
3(1m)
4.(1m)
Benefits you get if you study there
5...(1m)
6...(1m)
7...(1m)
8(1m)
9...(1m)
10. Discount you get if you register early is .(1m)

Practice 2
8

Hundreds attend celebration of Chinese Culture


By : Danny Ooi
GEORGE TOWN: Hundreds of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) students, their family members
and the public held a Chinese New Year celebration recently.
The function, held for the fifth time, was to promote Chinese culture and tradition.
We hold this event yearly because it is of utmost importance for us to preserve our
culture. We believe it will help the younger generation to embrace their own culture, said the
celebrations project director Ng Ze Shen.
Minister in the Prime Ministers Department, Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon, was the guest-ofhonour. Also present was USM deputy vice-chancellor of student affairs and development Datuk
Dr Omar Osman.
There were performances by USM drum group, USM Chinese Orchestra and singer
Wong Choon Yean. The function also included a lion dance, beat box, twirling diabolo, face
changing, model show and fire-eating.Food, games and other stalls were also set up to
entertain the crowd.
(Source: NST, March 11, 2011)

Fill in the blanks below with answers from the news report above.
9

1. Headline :
2. Reporter:
3. Venue of the event :..
4. Objective of the event:

5. Event manager:
Invited V.I.P : 6) Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon
Position:

7) Datuk Dr Omar Osman


Position:.
Performances by USM students
8)..
9)
..
10)....

(10 marks)

Practice 3
10

TOP3
INDIAN RESTAURANTS
IN PULAU MUTIARA
Drop by Gem Restaurant which offers North and South
Indian cuisines. The restaurant with its fusion of contemporary
and traditional dcor, serves a wide array of food from spicy
dishes to creamy delights. The Mutton Sheekh Kebab
marinated in aromatic saffron and spices pack a punch. The
restaurant is at the corner of Bishop Street and King Street.

Passions of Kerala has two outlets in Penang-one in


Gelugor and the other in New World Park. Numerous fresh
spices are used. The dishes are cooked with a generous
amount of grated amount of grated coconut and coconut
milk. The banana leaf rice is served with an assortment of
vegetables dishes.

Sri Ananda Bahwan has a spacious outlet in Tanjung


Bungah and Little India. Tuck into specialities such as Gobi
Manchurian and the mixed of naan basket which comes
with mint and sweet sauce. They have a wide variety of
sweet and savoury dessert such as bananas son palpua,
palkova and chocolate almond cakes.
(images from yahoo.com)

Sources: NST, March 3 ,2011

Fill in the blanks with correct answers from the advertisement .


11

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R
s
u
a
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i

o
3
d

n
a

n
e
t

a
r
n

Practice 4
12

Edinburgh's Hogmanay Torchlight Procession


The Torchlight Procession opens Edinburgh's Hogmanay festivities. It takes place on 30th December,
starting at Parliament Square by St Giles Cathedral at 6.30pm and winding its way down the Mound to
Calton Hill.
Grab a torchlight and your blonde wig, and join a bunch of noisy, hairy vikings and Scotsmen as they
drag a viking warship up Edinburgh's Calton Hill.On arriving at the hill firework displays and the blazing
flames from the ship will light up the night sky when the ship itself is put to the torch.
Hogmanay warmer-upper
A troupe of 30 vikings from the Lerwick Up Helly Aa Viking Festival in Shetland will lead hundreds of
torch carriers.They're accompanied by the pipes and drums of both traditional and contemporary outfits,
which have included Barnton & Dalkeith Pipe Band, the Coalburn Pipes and Drums, the Tartan Dholies,
and Schnickelfritz.
How to get your torches

Torch vouchers cost 5.00 in advance or 6.00 on the night and are available from the
Hogmanay Box Office and Edinburgh Hogmanay ticket outlets. On the day you exchange
vouchers for the torches from 4.30pm in Parliament Square by St Giles Cathedral. You can also
buy torches on the day from 4.30pm in Parliament Square, at the Lawnmarket , the Tron
Information Centre and at Mound Place junction. Money raised by the sale of torches to all those
taking part in the procession will go to Edinburgh's One City Trust and Radio Forths Help a Child
Appeal.

Source: http://www.hogmanay.net/events/edinburgh/torchlightprocession

Fill in the blanks with correct answers from the advertisement .

13

The Torchlight Procession


1. Date
2. Time
3. Procession Area
Price of Torch Vouchers:

Ticket outlets:

5.

7.

8.

The Procession

9.
Will be lead by Viking troupe from
..

10.
accompanied by pipes and drum groups
wearing their
...

Practice 5
14

The Malay Chronicles: Bloodlines for world markets (Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa'' )
is a Malay film history published by KRU Studios to the market internationally with the aim of
introducing the history and culture of the Malay world. Epic film is clearly adapted from the
prose, Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa which narrated the history of the earliest state Kedah.
A film directed by Yusry Abdul Halim (from the KRU) is now showing in Malaysian
cinemas starting from March 10, 2011 (after the royal presentation before the February 25 ),
by Stephen Rahman Hughes as the character Merong Mahawangsa, accompanied by a large
cast of local and foreign, especially Dato 'Haji Rahim Razali, Ummi Nazeera, Khir Rahman,
Jehan Miskin , Umie Aida and Maya Karin.
In the year 120, Roman Empire at that time under the reign of Hadrian, while in China,
Han dynasty are a powerful empire and has expanded its rule to the Central Asian countries.
As the Roman fleet did their repairs and traded in Goa, they asked Merong Mahawangsa to
escort a Roman prince to Southeast Asia, to wed a beautiful Chinese princess from the Han
Dynasty, Princess Meng Li Hua. The Chinese princess and the Roman prince are supposed
to meet halfway and be married on neutral grounds. However, pirate of the Garuda clan has a
different design. They decide to kidnap Princess of China and make it as a hostage. At the
end of irrigation Strait of Malacca, Merong Mahawangsa and the fleet was attacked by
Garuda. Thus, it is the duty of Merong Mahawangsa to rescue Princess of China and
integrate her with the Prince of Rome in a marriage of two great civilizations of East and
West.
Source:Wikipedia.com

Fill in the blanks with correct answer from the text.

15

Movie Title:

Released Date:

Director:

Producer

5. In this film, Stephen Hughes acts as ..


6. This epic was adapted from an old prose of the history of early Kedah ,.
.
7. Merong Mahawangsa was instructed to accompany .. to
meet her betrothed Roman Prince.
8. The Han Princess was on her way to when she was
kidnapped by Garuda.
9. The grand wedding of Princess of China and Prince of Rome is a marriage of

10. Names of three local casts in the film are..


..
.

Practice 6

16

1. Barley:
Barley ranks below only wheat as a desirable
food. It is the first recommendation for hot
temperament diseases. Barley is soaked in
water, which is drunk for coughs and sore
throats. A soup made from barley is good for
anyone suffering from the pain of fever.
2. Figs:
It is a fruit from paradise and a cure for piles.
Fresh figs are preferred to be dried. Although
quite nourishing, they are very hot. So eat of
it, for it is a cure for piles and helps gout
3. Grapes:
It purifies the blood, provides vigour and
health, strengthens the kidneys and clears
the bowels.
4. Honey:
Considered the best remedy for diarrhoea
when mixed in hot water. It is the food of
foods, drink of drinks and drug of drugs. It is
used for creating appetite, strengthening the
stomach, eliminating phlegm; as a meat
preservative, hair conditioner, eye soother
and mouthwash. It is extremely beneficial in
the morning in warm water.

5. Melon:
The eating of it cures every disease.
Generally, the sweeter a melon, the greater its
heat. Green varieties tend to be cold; the
yellow, hot. Melon purifies the bladder and
the stomach, and improves the spinal fluid
and eyesight. Melons should not be eaten
first in a meal.
6. Milk:
It strengthens the back, improved the brain,
renews vision and drives away forgetfulness.
A milk diet is the best treatment there for
dropsy; however, anyone with fever must
avoid milk.
7. Olive Oil and olive
Excellent treatment for skin and hair, delays
old age, and treats inflammation of the
stomach. The older olive oil is, the hotter it
becomes.
Green olives are the most nourishing, and
counteract autointoxication. Black olives
cause the spleen to overproduce bile and are
hard on the stomach. Olive leaves can be
chewed as treatment for inflammation of the
stomach, skin ulcerations, and eruptions of
herpes and hives.
Source: http://chishti.org/foods_of_the_prophet.htm

Fill in the boxes with the correct answers from the article .

17

Complete the sentences below from the information in the article.


1. If you eat grapes, it will help you to clear .
2. Honey is good to be taken ..to heal your diarrhoea.
3. Someone with fever are not advised to take ..
4. Olive oil is a tremendous treatment for
5. To treat coughs and sore throats, you should .

Practice 7
18

Do you have what it takes to be a Science Superstar?


Come and join the International Petronas Science Talents Competition
THEME:
Creatively Act Out Important Discoveries In Science.
Regional winners will compete against other Science Superstars from all over Malaysia in the
grand finals at Istana Budaya, Kuala Lumpur in 26 December 2011
The competition is eligible to all Form 4 to 5 students
Science Superstars
National Level Prizes

A 4D/3N Educational tour package to Tokyo


Multimedia Set for school
Science Development Programme for school

A 4D/3N Educational tour package to Singapore


Multimedia Set for school
Science Development Programme for school

An Education/tour package within Malaysia


Multimedia Set for school
Science Development Programme for school

Judges
1. Dato Siti Noorhaliza
2. Ir.Dr Irwan Shah Ali
3. Tan Sri Dr Nawab Abu
Log on to petrosains.com.my for details or contest entry.

Closing date: 30 June 2011


Endorsed by: Ministry of Education

A National Education Initiative organized by: PETROSAINS


Fill in the blanks with information from the advertisement.

Name of Competition
19

1
2.Theme

3.

Organiser

..
4. Number of Winners
Participants
.
..
.
..

5.

6. Entry Closing Date


Competition Date
.

.
..

7. Final

8. Final Competition Venue

.
..
...

9. Judge(s)

10. Contact for Information


20

.
.

Practice 8

What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis means porous bones, where it becomes less dense or more porous.
When this happens, bones becomes weak and more likely to break

Both men and women suffer osteoporosis but women are at higher risk.

Consequences of Osteoporosis
Broken hip-majority of those who survive are disabled and only 25% will resume normal
activity
Vertebral fracture- usually the pain starts suddenly and worsen when a person stands or
walks
Wrist fracture- some of the symptoms are pain, swelling and tender wrist. Surgical may be
required and followed by splinting.
(source: Ministry Of Health Malaysia)

21

( Image: http://nutriweb.org.my)

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer from the text above.

OSTEOPOROSIS
Meaning
1
Potential Victims
2..
Effects

4
3.
Broken Wrist
Symptoms of broken wrist
22

5.
6. .
7..

Ways to avoid
8
9
10

Practice 9

Malay Folks Dance


Canggung

Endang

Zapin

Endang is a modern Malay dance


that has the influence of Sumatra and
practiced by the Minang community
of Negeri Sembilan, as seen
movements, costumes and music.
The dance movements depict the
daily activity of villagers such as
plucking leaves and wiping sweat
from the brow. The dance often
begins with dancers seated in a long
line performing arms movements that
This dance is popular in Perlis, a state slowly increases in tempo.
near the border of Thailand and once
being ruled by Thailand. The Thai Sometimes the dancers hold
influence is strong and in Thai, traditional tambourines and make
sounds with them while dancing. In
'canggung' means dancers.
Malaysia, this dance is performed to
The dance is performed not only during the song Din Din Barindin and
festivals but also during wedding present choreographers have
ceremonies. The dance is performed in developed it considerably.

It is believed that Muslim


missionaries of the Middle East
namely Persia and Arabia
introduced the dance to Malaya
during the fifteenth century.
The dance was originally
performed by males only however
it is also performed by female
23

pairs with the ladies


handkerchief in their hands.

hold

dancers these days.


The simple version of the Zapin is
performed to the rhythm &1234
and the foot is extended out to the
side on the last count.

The dancers sing (ala canggung mak si


canggung, canggung canggung la la la
la le) while dancing. They also sing
famous Malay poems according to the
beat and melody of the music.

The music for Zapin comes from


an ensemble of traditional
instruments which include the lute
(gambus), gypsy-type bongos
(marwas) and the violin.
The dancers can then play with
each other, teasing, challenging
and enjoying each others
company. It is most popular in
Johor.

The musical instruments used the


dance are the gong, violin, two rebana
and a gendang ubi.

Source: http://www.dancemalaysia.com/Dance/Traditional/Folk_Dance/
Fill in the boxes with the information from the text.
Dance

State

1.

Johor

Endang

5.

3.

6.

Musical Instrument(s) used in


the dance
2.

4.

Gong, rebana , violin and


gendang ubi

Complete the sentences with the information from the text.


7. The Canggung dance is performed in pairs with
...
8. Endang dance movement displays .

9. The meaning of Canggung in Thai is

24

10.Zapin was introduced to Malaya by .

2.3 MARK SCHEME


Practice 1
MEMO
1.Name of The College : Bhaling Law Institute
Types of Programmes offered :

2Pre-University
3Undergraduate
4Professional

Benefits you get if you study there


5Comprehensive Law Library
6Free books and study material.
7Accomodation services
8Flexible study modes
9Financial assistance
10. Discount you get if you register early is 20 %
25

Practice 2
1.Headline : Hundreds attend celebration of Chinese Culture
2.Reporter: Danny Ooi
3.Venue of the event :George Town
4.Objective of the event: To promote Chinese culture and tradition as well as to preserve
the culture
5.Event manager: Ng Ze Shen
Invited V.I.P : 6) Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon
Position: Minister in the Prime Ministers Department
7) Datuk Dr Omar Osman
Position: USM deputy vice-chancellor of student affairs and
development
Performances by USM student
8)USM drum group
9)USM Chinese Orchestra
10)Singer/ Wong Choon Yean
Practice 3.

26

I n
d
i a
n
R
e
s
t a
u
r
a
n
t s
i n
Practice 4
27

The Torchlight Procession


Date:
1. 30th December

Time:
2. 6.30pm

Procession Area:
3. the Mound to Calton Hill

Price of Torch Vouchers:


5. 5.00 in advance

Ticket outlets:
7. Hogmanay Box Office

6. 6.00 on the night

8. Edinburgh Hogmanay Ticket Outlets

9. Lerwick Up Aa Viking Festival in Shetland


10. traditional and contemporary outfits.
Practice 5
1

Movie Title:

Released Date:

Director:

Producer

The Malay Chronicles: Bloodlines


10 March 2011
Yusry Abdul Halim
KRU Studios

5. In this film, Stephen Hughes acts as Merong Mahawangsa


6. This epic was adapted from an old prose of the history of early Kedah , Hikayat Merong
Mahawangsa.
7. Merong Mahawangsa was instructed to accompany Princess Meng Li Hua to
meet her betrothed Roman Prince.
8. The Han Princess was on her way to Southeast Asia when she was kidnapped by Garuda.
9. The grand wedding of Princess of China and Prince of Rome is a marriage of two great
civilizations of East and West.
10. Names of three local casts in the film are Dato 'Haji Rahim Razali, Ummi Nazeera,
Khir Rahman, Jehan Miskin , Umie Aida and Maya Karin. (any three )

Practice 6
28

1
.

6.If you eat grapes, it will help you to clear the bowels.
7.Honey is good to be taken in hot water to heal your diarrhoea.
8.Someone with fever are not advised to take milk.
9.Olive oil is a tremendous treatment for skin and hair.
10. To treat coughs and sore throats, you should soak barley in water and drink.

Practice 7

Name of Competition
29

1. Science Superstars
2.Theme

3.

Organiser
Creatively Act Out Important
Petrosains
Discoveries In Science
4. Number of Winners
Participants
Three
Form 5 Students

5.
Form 4 and

6. Entry Closing Date


Competition Date
30 June 2011
December 2011

7. Final
26

8. Final Competition Venue


Istana Budaya, Kuala Lumpur

9. Judge(s)
Dato

Siti Noorhaliza/
Ir.Dr Irwan Shah Ali/
Tan Sri Dr Nawab Abu

10. Contact for Information


petrosains.com.my
30

Practice 8
Meaning
1 Porous Bones
Potential Victims of Osteoporosis
2 Men and Women

Effects

4 Vertebral Fracture
3 Broken hip
Broken Wrist
Symptoms of broken wrist
5 pain wrist
6 swelling wrist
7 tender wrist

Ways to avoid
8 eat high-calcium foods
9 exercise regularly
10 do not smoke at young age

31

Practice 9
Dance

State

1. Zapin

Johor

Endang

5. Canggung

3. Negeri Sembilan

6. Perlis

Musical Instrument(s) used


in the dance
2. the lute, gypsy-type
bongos and violin

4. tambourines

Gong, rebana , violin and


gendang ubi

7. The Canggung dance is performed in pairs with the ladies hold a handkerchief in their
hand.
8. Endang dance movement displays the daily activity of villagers.
9. The meaning of Canggung in Thai is dancers.
10.Zapin was introduced to Malaya by Muslim missionaries of the Middle East/ Persian
and Arabian

32

CONTENT PAGE
2.READING COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY
2.1 Teachers notes
2.2 Students Tips
2.3 Practices
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5
Practice 6
Practice 7

33

1. Reading Comprehension and Summary


1.1 Teachers Notes

1 Ask the students to read the summary question first (Question 31) before they read the
passage in Section C. The summary question normally allows them to get some ideas
of what the passage is all about. It is an advantage for weak students to know the
general idea of the passage before they read it. Teachers must remind the students
that they should not write the summary first but after reading the summary question,
they should read the passage and answer all the comprehension questions.
2. Advise the students to read the passage paragraph by paragraph. After reading each
paragraph, they should read and try to answer the question that is based on that
paragraph. By doing so, the students will be more focused in finding the correct
answer.
3. Students should be able to identify the keywords in each question. The keywords will
be clues for them to find the correct answer in the passage.
4. Students should only copy out the sentence from the text once they have identified the
sentence containing the answer. Of course, they must also be reminded that pronouns
such as I, me, mine, my, our, us and ours must be changed accordingly.
5. Students must be taught to differentiate a word and a phrase. So, if there is a question
asking for a word, they must only write a word for their answer. On the other hand, if
they are supposed to write a phrase, they must only write down a group of words which
is not a complete sentence such as uncomplicated deIivery or indispensable part of
our lives. Similarly, if the question requires students to write words as the answer,
teachers should guide students to copy a part of a sentence. Make sure they do not lift
the whole sentence. In short, teachers must ensure students are aware of the
differences of these terms: word, words, phrase and sentence.
6. Students must attempt to check the accuracy of all their answers.
1.2 Students Tips

1. Students must understand the requirement/s of the summary.


2. Students must mark the lines where the summary starts and ends.
3. Students should know that the first 3 lines normally contain the first point or at least a
content point.
4. Students must refer to the summary requirement/s before they finally copy out any
sentence as their content point. They must be encouraged to question themselves
accordingly such as by asking Is this a danger he faced? or Is this how they solved
their problems?. The questions they pose to themselves are their guide in selecting
the relevant and accurate content points.
5. When students have picked a sentence as their content point, they should copy the
sentence completely to avoid any distortion of meaning.
6. For weak or very weak students, they may copy the longest paragraph up to 130
words. By doing so, they should be able to score several marks for content points.
34

7. Students must also copy the punctuations accurately as they appear in the passage.

8. They should try as far as possible to keep to the word limit. Exceeding it will just be a
waste of time and effort as anything written beyond it will not be considered at all. However, no
marks will be penalised for the extra words included.
9. By simply copying out sentences correctly, students will be able to earn 2 marks for
Use of Language.
Marks for summary:
Paraphrasing (P) :
Use of Language (UE):

5
5

Content points
Language

10/2=
5 (Language)

10
5
15
(Total marks)

LANGUAGE DESCRIPTORS
Marks for language: 5 marks
(Add marks for paraphrase and use of English and divide by two)

MAR
K

PARAPHRASE
sustained rephrasing
allow phrases from text
which are difficult to substitute
expression is secure

noticeable rephrasing
free from stretches of concentrated
lifting
expression is generally sound

limited rephrasing
intelligent and selective lifting
expression is not always secure
wholesale copying
attempts to substitute with own
language limited to single word
expression

MARK

USE OF ENGLISH
language is accurate
occasional slips or minor errors
very well-organised and coherent
throughout
marked ability to use original
complex structures
language is largely accurate
isolated serious errors
well-organised and coherent in
most parts
some ability to use original and
complex structures
language is sufficiently accurate
some serious errors
fairly well-organised coherent in
some parts
meaning is not in doubt
frequent serious errors
poorly organized and lacks
coherence
meaning is not in doubt
frequent serious errors
poorly organized land lacks
coherence

35

more or less a complete transcript


of text
originality barely noticeable
mindless lifting

heavy frequency of serious errors


fractured syntax
incoherent

PRACTICE 1
Section C
[25 marks]
Questions 26 31 are based on the following passage.
1

5
6
7

10

One day, a young man was cleaning out his late grandfathers belongings when
he came across a bright red envelope. Written on the front were the words, "To
my grandson. Recognising his grandfathers writing, the young man opened the
envelope. A letter inside read:
Dear Grandson, years ago you came to me for help. You said, Grandpa,
how is it that youve accomplished so much in your life and youre still full of
energy Im already tired of struggling. How can I get that same enthusiasm that
youve got?
I didnt know what to say to you then as you were still too young to
comprehend the complexities of life. But knowing my days are numbered, I figure
that I owe you an answer. So here is what I believe. I think a lot of it has to do with
how a person looks at things. I call it keeping your eyes wide open.
First, realise that life is filled with surprises, some not so pleasant and
others quite shocking but many are good ones. If you dont keep watching for
them, youll miss half the excitement. Expect to be thrilled once in a while, and
you will be. You attract what you think of the most in life.
When you meet up with challenges, welcome them. Do not bolt! Theyll
leave you wiser, stronger, and more capable than you were the day before. Youll
be glad you dare to take the bull by its horns.
When you make a mistake, be grateful for the things it taught you. Failure
should not stop you from pursuing your dreams. No one is perfect. Resolve to use
that lesson to help you reach your goals,
And always follow the rules even the little ones. When you follow the
rules, life works. If you think you ever really get by with breaking the rules, youre
only fooling yourself. Remember crime does not pay and our past has a sneaky
way of creeping up to us.
Its also important to decide exactly what you want. Then, keep your mind
focused on it, and be prepared to receive it. Being focused on a goal spurs us
towards the right direction by channelling our energy on what is actually important
so that we are not too overwhelmed by obstacles.
But be ready to end up in some new places too. Change is part of growing
up. As you grow with the years. youll be given bigger shoes to fill. So be ready for
endings as well as challenging beginnings. Life will not be so predictable. It can
also be fun too.
Sometimes we have to be brave enough to move from the familiar to the
unfamiliar. Life isnt just reaching peaks. Part of it is moving from one peak to the
next. If you rest too long in between, you might be tempted to quit. Complacency
and contentment will set in. You will not desire to move on. You can become lazy
or indifferent.

10

15

20

25

30

35

36

11

12
13

14

Leave the past in the past. Climb the next mountain and enjoy the view. 40
Dump things that weigh you down emotionally and spiritually. When an old
resentment, belief or attitude becomes heavy, lighten your load. Shed those
hurtful attitudes that slow you down and drain your energy.
Remember that your choices will create your successes and your failures.
So consider all the pathways ahead, and decide which ones to follow. Then, 45
believe in yourself get up, and get going.
And be sure to take breaks once in a while. Everyone needs to recharge
their batteries. Theyll give you a renewed commitment to your dreams, and a
cheerful, healthy perception of the things that matter the most to you. Your vision
will be sharper and your goals clearer.
50
Most important of all, never give up on yourself. The person that ends up
a winner, is the one who resolves to win. Losers quit too early in the race. Give life
everything youve got, and life will give its best back to you.
Love always, Grandpa.
by Steve Brunkhorst

26 (a) From paragraph 1, why did the young man open the letter in the bright red envelope?
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) From paragraph 2, what inspired the grandfather to write this letter?
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
27 (a) From paragraph 3, what does the phrase keeping your eyes wide open mean?
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) From paragraph 4,what are some of the surprises in life if we keep our eyes open?
_____________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
28 (a) From paragraph 5, how should the young man face challenges in life?
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
(b) From paragraph 7, what was the grandfathers advice with regards to rules?
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
29 (b) From paragraph 9, explain the phrase youll be given bigger shoes to fill.
______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
(b) From paragraph 14, how can life give its best back to us?
______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
30 Do you think it is important not to be a quitter in the race of life? Why?
______________________________________________________________________

37

______________________________________________________________________
( 2 marks )

31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the lessons of life given by the grandfather to his grandson.

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning.
Your summary must

be in continuous writing form (not in note from)

use materials from lines 11 to 53

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows:
I believe that it has a lot to do with ..

38

Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the meaning.
1 (Line 7) great eagerness to do something - .
2 (Line 10) limited -
3 (Line 15) a state in which you are very interested and enthusiastic about
something - .
4 (Line 25) deceiving - .
5 (Line 28) concentrated - ..
6 (Line 36) highest point of achievement -
7 (Line 42) a feeling of betterment and anger - ..
8 (Line 43) make someone tired - .

39

9 (Line 48) made a new start - ..


10 (Line 49) outlook - .
Editing
SUMMARY WORKSHEET (Student copy)
31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the lessons of life given by the grandfather to his grandson.


Begin your summary as follows:
I believe that it has a lot to do with ..
1. I think a lot of it has to do with how a person looks at things
2. First, realise that life is filled with surprises, some not so pleasant and others quite
shocking but many are good ones. If you dont keep watching for them, youll miss half the
excitement. Expect to be thrilled once in a while, and you will be.
3. When you meet up with challenges, welcome them. Do not bolt! Theyll leave you wiser,
stronger, and more capable than you were the day before.
4. When you make a mistake, be grateful for the things it taught you. Failure should not stop
you from pursuing your dreams. No one is perfect. Resolve to use that lesson to help you
reach your goals,
5. And always follow the rules even the little ones. When you follow the rules, life works.
6. Its also important to decide exactly what you want. Then, keep your mind focused on it,
and be prepared to receive it.
7. So be ready for endings as well as challenging beginnings.

40

8. Life will not be so predictable. It can also be fun too. Life isnt just reaching peaks.
9. Leave the past in the past.
10. Remember that your choices will create your successes and your failures.
11. And be sure to take breaks once in a while. Everyone needs to recharge their batteries.
Theyll give you a renewed commitment to your dreams, and a cheerful, healthy perception
of the things that matter the most to you.
12. Most important of all, never give up on yourself.
13. Give life everything youve got, and life will give its best back to you.

41

PRACTICE 2

Section C
[25 marks]
Questions 26 31 are based on the following passage.
1

2
3

7
8
9

It is not an easy task to be a good sportsman. What is actually


sportsmanship? A good sportsmanship is the quality of someone who is inclined
to the area of sports and plays rather fairly by following the rules of the game.
Besides, the sportsman respects the judgment of the referees and all the officials
in the game, knowing that they are not biased. A good sportsman will also treat
the opponents with respect.
Practising good sportsmanship in real-life situations is not easy. However,
there are some guidelines in which one can follow.
Firstly, it is of the utmost importance to learn as much of the sports as
possible. This is because a good sportsman should play by the rules. The
sportsman must be cooperative by showing up for practice, working hard and
realizing that teamwork is important to ensure success.
In addition, it is important to talk politely and act courteously towards the
teammates, the opponents, the coaches and even the opponents coaches before,
during and even after the games or events. Furthermore, never forget to get in
touch with the officials presiding over the game and also the spectators.
Remember to stay cool. Never ever lose your temper. A good sportsman
should not give up easily. A game is only a game and the chances of winning are
fifty-fifty, so no matter how hard you have played the game, be realistic.
Remember that there is a winner and a loser in a game. No one likes to lose, but
learn to take defeat as a challenge.
Another thing a good sportsman must remember is to avoid settling
disputes with violence. In case there is such a dispute, seek the advice of a coach
or an official. If you respond with violence, the problem is that as a sportsman, you
can be penalized. The effect is that your chances in winning a game are very slim.
It is important to cheer your teammates with positive statements. Every
member in the team is important. It is good to avoid trash talking about the other
team.
Moreover, remember to acknowledge and applaud the good plays. If your
team loses the game, do not feel disappointed. A good play should be given the
credit.
Lastly, congratulate your opponents if they win the game. Learn to accept
defeat gracefully. Congratulate your opponents on a game well played.

10

15

20

25

30

26 From paragraph 1, list two qualities of a good sportsmanship.


(i) ______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

42

(ii) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

27 From paragraph 3,
(a) why is it important to learn as much of the sports as possible?
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) how can a good sportsman show his cooperation?
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
28 From paragraph 4,
(a) which word in this paragraph has the same meaning as the word adversaries?
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) explain the meaning of the word presiding.
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
29 (a) From paragraph 5, what are the chances in winning a game?
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) From paragraph 6, state the likely thing that will happen to a sportsman if
a dispute ends in violence.
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
30 In paragraph 9, what are the ways a good sportsman should do if the opponents
win the game? Write in your own words.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________ [2 marks]

31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is good sportsmanship

ways to practise good sportsmanship


Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning.
Your summary must:

be in continuous writing form (not in note form)

use materials from line 1 to the end

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows:
Demonstrating good sportsmanship is important in any games or sports ...
..
.

43

.
.
..
.
.
.
..
.
.
.
..
.
.
.
..
.

Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the meaning.
1. (Line 2) to tend to think or behave in a particular way - ___________________
2. (Line 5) showing favour towards or against one group of people or one opinion for
personal reasons - ___________________
3. (Line 13) showing politeness - ___________________
4. (Line 19) accepting in a sensible way what it is actually possible to do or achieve in a
particular situation - ______________________
5. (Line 23) disagreement between two people - ____________________
6. (Line 25) not as big as you would like or expect - ____________________

44

7. (Line 29) to show your approval of somebody by clapping your hands - ______________

Editing
SUMMARY (Student use)
31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is good sportsmanship

ways to practise good sportsmanship


Begin your summary as follows:
Demonstrating good sportsmanship is important in any games or sports ...
1. A good sportsmanship is the quality of someone who is inclined to the area of
sports and plays rather fairly by following the rules of the game.
2. Besides, the sportsman respects the judgment of the referees and all the officials
in the game, knowing that they are not biased.
3. A good sportsman will also treat the opponents with respect.

4. Firstly, it is of the utmost importance to learn as much of the sports as possible.


5. The sportsman must be cooperative by showing up for practice, working hard and
realizing that teamwork is important to ensure success.
6. In addition, it is important to talk politely and act courteously towards the
teammates, the opponents, the coaches and even the opponents coaches before,
during and even after the games or events.
7. Remember to stay cool. Never ever lose your temper. A good sportsman should
not give up easily.

45

8. Another thing a good sportsman must remember is to avoid settling disputes with
violence.
If you respond with violence, the problem is that as a sportsman, you can be
penalized.
9. Moreover, remember to acknowledge and applaud the good plays
10. Lastly, congratulate your opponents if they win the game. Learn to accept defeat
gracefully. Congratulate your opponents on a game well played.

46

PRACTICE 3
Section C
[25 marks]
Questions 26 31 are based on the following passage.
1

Many of us have books at home. These books can range from reference
books to encyclopedias, journals, magazines or even fiction books. However, we
lack the knowledge to convert these books into a home library. The books are
normally stacked in boxes and left in the attics or storerooms to collect dust.

What is a home library? A home library is a little area of space in a corner 5


of a home or even a small room where we can place all our reading materials,
references and electronic resources. A home library can be turned into a cosy
room of references by the family members. Here, the family may run activities that
are related to reading such as games like Scrabble, chess, word puzzles and
crossword puzzles.

Normally, a home library contains printed and non-printed reading 10


materials. Materials such as reading tools can also be placed in the home library.
Some examples of such reading materials are the dictionaries, atlas,
encyclopedias, manuals on bikes or cars, recipes or even telephone directories.

In addition, it is good to add in some light reading materials or viewing


materials in the home library. There are a vast collection of novels, picture books,
magazines, family photo albums and articles that can be collected by the family
members for reference. Other added collections to the home library are
videotapes, cassettes, CD-ROMs, board games and even brochures.

15

Most people do not realize that having a home library is beneficial. A home
library can help to foster a long-life love for reading among the family members. 20
Children can be given the opportunity to be exposed to reading books at a young
age. Indirectly, the young readers can be inculcated with the love for reading.
Reading can be made as one of the activities for the family members. The parents
can guide the children to read books and at the same time, foster good family
relationships. Children can also be fostered to adopt a positive attitude to 25
appreciate reading materials and knowledge that can be of value to them. In the
long run, the family members can develop their reading process. A home library
enables the family members to read materials within the confines of their own
homes. The materials can be easily accessed at any time. Moreover, the reading
activities can be carried out to improve the thinking skills of family members.
30

There are many activities that one can carry out in a home library. In this
little library of knowledge, one can test the family members on a skill of chess,
Scrabble or the Malay strategic game called congkak. In this small corner of a
room, one can also teach the family members to make some handicrafts like

47

origami. A family can also sit together to test their command of vocabulary through
Scrabble, a crossword puzzle and a list of other board games. There are also
games that challenge the mind that can be stored in this home library. One
example is the Sahibba.

35

To make the home library a good resource centre for family members and
even friends, one example is to get the help of the state public library 40
management on ways to manage and run the home library. Some bookshelves
will be needed to make the place presentable. Another way is to arrange the
books according to the types and interests.

It is easy to set up a home library. Get your home organized and have a
corner of your room or even a special room to get this place started. You may be
surprised that your family members will actually need such a room.

45

26 From paragraph 2,
(a) what is a home library?
____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) which word in this paragraph has the same meaning as the word comfortable?
____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
27 From paragraph 2, what kind of games are related to reading? List two kinds.
(a) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
28 From paragraph 3, list two materials that can be found in a home library.
(a) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
29 From paragraph 5, state two advantages of having a home library.
(a) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
30 From paragraph 7,
(a) where can one get help to run a home library?
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) explain the meaning of the word presentable.
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

48

31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is a home library

the benefits of having a home library


Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning.
Your summary must:

be in continuous writing form (not in note form)

use materials from lines 5 to 33

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows:
Having a home library is important in every family for..................................................

49

Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the meaning.
1. (Line 4) a room or space just below the roof of a house, often used for
storing thing - ___________________
2. (Line 7 ) something that can be used to help achieve an aim, especially a book,
equipment, etc. that provides information for teachers and students
- ___________________
3. (Line 9) connected with something or somebody in some way - ___________________
4. (Line 16) extremely large in area, size, amount, etc - ______________________
5. (Line 21) to encourage something to develop - ____________________
6. (Line 22) to let somebody find out about something by giving them experience of it or
showing them what it is like: - ____________________
7. (Line 29) limits or borders - ______________

50

Editing
SUMMARY (Student use)
31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is a home library

the benefits of having a home library


Begin your summary as follows:
Having a home library is important in every family for..................................................
1. its many benefits
2. A home library is a little area of space in a corner of a home or even a small room
where we can place all our reading materials, references and electronic resources.
3. A home library can be turned into a cosy room of references by the family
members. Here, the family may run activities that are related to reading such as
games like Scrabble, chess, word puzzles and crossword puzzles.
4. Normally, a home library contains printed and non-printed reading materials.
5. In addition, it is good to add in some light reading materials or viewing materials in
the home library. There are a vast collection of novels, picture books, magazines,
family photo albums and articles that can be collected by the family members for
reference. Other added collections to the home library are videotapes, cassettes,
CD-ROMs, board games and even brochures.
6. A home library can help to foster a long-life love for reading among the family
members.
7. Children can be given the opportunity to be exposed to reading books at a young
age. Indirectly, the young readers can be inculcated with the love for reading.

51

8. Reading can be made as one of the activities for the family members.

9. The parents can guide the children to read books and at the same time, foster
good family relationships.
10. Children can also be fostered to adopt a positive attitude to appreciate reading
materials and knowledge that can be of value to them.
11. A home library enables the family members to read materials within the confines
of their own homes. The materials can be easily accessed at any time.
12. Moreover, the reading activities can be carried out to improve the thinking skills
of family members.
13. In this small corner of a room, one can also teach the family members to make
some handicrafts like origami.

52

PRACTICE 4
Section C
[25 marks]
Questions 26 31 are based on the following passage.
1

6
7

The Teddy Bear, once the most loved stuffed toy, is losing its appeal. This
alarming news comes from the German company which claims it made the first
jointed soft toy bears in 1902. The toy bears were delivered to toy shops before
Christmas that year. Toy collectors are losing interest in the Teddy Bear and are
looking for other types of stuffed toys.
Rival British and American companies, however, challenge the German
companys claim to being the creator of the Teddy Bear but the German toy
company, Steiff, says that it has documents to prove their claim. Typical of
German thoroughness, Steiff has files filled with sketches, diagrams and
photographs of the first Teddy Bear.
Germans learnt about President Theodore Teddy Roosevelts brush with
a bear while hunting. Likely exaggerated, the account went on to say that after the
incident, the American president went hunting in an area where there were no
bears. In hopes of placating the president someone tied a bear cub to a tree. The
president was infuriated at what he termed unsporting behaviour and called off
the hunt.
A field day was had by pundits and cartoonists because of the incident.
Teddy Bear stories and cartoons cropped up everywhere. This opportunity was
not missed by composers and entrepreneurs who quickly pounced on the
merchandising gimmick. Soon almost every type of product had pictures of Teddy
and his Bear printed on them.
Toymakers jumped on the bandwagon, too. Here is where rival companies
lay claims to being the creator of the original Teddy Bear. German toymaker,
Richard Steiff, said that his company finished making the first jointed Teddy Bears
in the autumn of 1902 and supplied toy-shops with them in time for Christmas.
It was at the Leipzig Trade Fair in 1903 that the breakthrough came for the
Teddy Bear when an American toy seller ordered 3 000 bears at the last possible
moment.
For a century, Teddy Bears played a very important role in the lives of
young and old alike. The bears provided comfort and consolation to these people
and never went out of fashion through good and bad times. In the nostalgic 90s,
Teddy Bears became highly-valued collectors items. Previously, there were
already serious collectors, but enthusiasm peaked during this period. All at once,
there were Teddy Bear Magazines, Teddy Bear fairs and markets only for Teddy
Bears and ancient threadbare Teddy Bears fetched astronomical sums.
However, there are signs that Teddy is losing its appeal as the most
desired collectable. Certain manufacturers blame it on the aftermath of September
11 and others on the economic downturn. Whatever the reason, people are
buying fewer Teddy Bears than they used to.

10

15

20

25

30

35

53

(A dapted from Ernest Gill, Sunday Star, 24 November 2002)


26 In paragraph 1, according to the writer,
(a) Which was once the most popular stuffed toy in the world?
_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(b) What has happened to it now?
______________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
27 From paragraph 1, when and by whom was the first Teddy Bear made?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
28 From the evidence in paragraphs 4 and 5, name two groups of people who exploited the
Teddy Bear stories.
(i) _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(ii)_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
29 In Paragraph 6, the writer says that it was at the Leipzig Trade Fair in 1903 that
the breakthrough came for the Teddy Bear. What was the breakthrough?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
30 In your own words, explain how the Teddy Bear became such an important part
of peoples lives in the nostalgic 90s.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________ [2 marks]

31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the origin of the Teddy Bear


its rise in popularity and its recent decline.

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning.
Your summary must

be in continuous writing form (not in note from)

use materials from lines 1 to 39

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows:
A German toymaker claimed that he was the creator of

54

Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the meaning.
1 (Line 1) a quality that makes something attractive or interesting - .
2 (Line 8) having the usual qualities or features of a particular type of person, thing or
group -
3 (Line 12) done in a way that makes people notice it - .
4 (Line 14) making somebody feel less angry about something - .
5 (Line 15) was made extremely angry - ..
6 (Line 18) appeared or happened, especially when it was not expected -
7 (Line 37) the situation that exists as a result of an important (and usually unpleasant)

55

event, especially a war, an accident, etc.: - ..


Editing
SUMMARY WORKSHEET (Student copy)
31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the origin of the Teddy Bear


its rise in popularity and its recent decline.

Begin your summary as follows:


A German toymaker claimed that he was the creator of
1. the German company which claims it made the first jointed soft toy bears in 1902.
2. Rival British and American companies, however, challenge the German companys claim
to being the creator of the Teddy Bear but the German toy company, Steiff, says that it
has documents to prove their claim.
3. Germans learnt about President Theodore Teddy Roosevelts brush with a bear while
hunting.

4. A field day was had by pundits and cartoonists because of the incident. Teddy Bear
stories and cartoons cropped up everywhere. This opportunity was not missed by
composers and entrepreneurs who quickly pounced on the merchandising gimmick. Soon
almost every type of product had pictures of Teddy and his Bear printed on them.

5. It was at the Leipzig Trade Fair in 1903 that the breakthrough came for the Teddy Bear
when an American toy seller ordered 3 000 bears at the last possible moment.

6. For a century, Teddy Bears played a very important role in the lives of young and old alike.
The bears provided comfort and consolation to these people and never went out of
fashion through good and bad times. In the nostalgic 90s, Teddy Bears became highly

56

-valued collectors items.

7. However, there are signs that Teddy is losing its appeal as the most desired collectable.
Certain manufacturers blame it on the aftermath of September 11 and others on the
economic downturn.

57

PRACTICE 5
SECTION C
(25 MARKS)
QUESTIONS 26-31 are based on the following passage
1

The descent was endless. After lunch, Chip began to complain of weak legs and
a swollen knee. Before long he had to stop every ten minutes to rest. As I watched him
sitting down clutching his knee, fear began to creep back into me, a different kind of

fear, not for myself but for someone else.

It had never occurred to me that my husband would have trouble. I never thought
he would be the one who would be left behind. But in the twilight, with 1000 feet to go
before the next camp, it looked like we wouldnt make it before dark. His eyes were
3

10

filled with stress .I took his daypack, and he put his arm around one of the guides. I
coaxed him on, trying to cheer him up with show tunes, jokes, bad Swahili. When we
finally fell upon the blue and yellow dome tents and the raging bonfire, he could barely

15

walk on his own.


4

The next day, with 3000 feet left to Mweka Gate, where our Land Cruisers were
waiting to pick us up, Chips knee was locked up and again he had to lean on guides
shoulder and limp down. The first to sign up was the last to finish. And his reluctant

20

wife? Her body was intact, but her mind well, her mind was not the same. I thought
Alex told us on the way up about
5

two clients who after suffering from altitude

sickness, were sure they would never recover their faculties.

25

I knew I would never recover mine, but maybe that was good. I would never take
those urban comforts for granted again. I would relish, every manicure, savor every
meeting. And I would never climb another mountain. I gleefully gave away all my gear
to the porters. In the logbook, I wrote my name and the date, and under comments I

30

defiantly scrawled AGAINST MY RELIGION in capital letters. The irony, of course,


6

was that my experience on Kilimanjaro was the closest i have come to acting on blind
faith.

35

When we got home to the safe familiarity of city life, I embarrassed my workday
routine with gusto. Logging on to my email, I learnt of a 26 year old climber who had
hiked up Kilimanjaro a week after we did. He had developed a severe respiratory
illness and died during a nighttime evacuation attempt from the crater camp a death

58

all the more tragic because he had planned to propose to his girlfriend when they
reached the summit. She found the ring later among his possessions. The reality of
adventure is chilling : even a walk-up like Kilimanjaro can bite you. In retrospect, all my
complaints about the clothing, hygiene and gear seem so trivial. The essence of style
in the wilderness has nothing to do with clothes and everything to do with humility.
My husband still tells his friend his favorites story about the trip, a story I swear I
dont remember. He recalls the day we drove out of Kilimanjaro National Reserve, the
sugar loaf vanishing in the distance behind us. I supposedly turned to him and wistfully
said I miss the mountains. It must have been the altitude.
(An extract from Steep Impact by Katherine Betts,Vogue
October 1998)
26 (a) From paragraph 1,how did the author feel on her way down the mountain?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
( b) From paragraph 2, how did the author try to make her husband feel better?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
27 From paragraph 3,
a) Who was the first to sign up in the sentence?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) In the line24, the word they refer to?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
28 From paragraph 4,
a) What lesson did the author learn from her climb?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) What did the author do to signify that shell not climb anymore?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
29 From paragraph 5,
a) What lesson did the author learn from the death of the younger climber?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) What did the author learn about herself?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
30 From paragraph 6, what does the author mean by it must have been the altitude?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)

59

QUESTION 31
Based on the passage given write a summary on:

The lessons the author learnt from her climb up Kilimanjaro


How the lesson changed her altitude

Use material from line 18 till the end


Not be longer than 130 words including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows:
She learnt to cherish and not to take for granted all ...........................................................

.
..
.
.

..

..
..

60

.
EDITING
SUMMARY WORKSHEET( Students copy)
Based on the passage given write a summary on:

The lessons the author learnt from her climb up Kilimanjaro


How the lesson changed her attitude

Begin your summary as follows:


She learnt to cherish and not to take for granted all
1. She would never take those urban comforts for granted again
2. She would relish, every manicure
3. savour every meeting
4. Logging on to my email, she learnt of a 26-year-old climber
5. who had hiked up Kilimanjaro a week after they did
6. He had developed a severe respiratory illness and died during a nighttime evacuation attempt
7. The reality of adventure is chilling: even a walk-up like Kilimanjaro can bite you.
8. In retrospect,all her complaints about the clothing,hygiene, and gear seem so trivial
9. The essence of style in the wilderness as nothing to do with clothes and
10. And everything to do with humility

61

5.2 Vocabulary Practice


For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the
meaning.
1 ( Line 1 ) go down -
2 (Line 6 ) faint half-light before sunrise

3 (Line 9 ) get somebody or something to do something by kindness or patience


.
4 (Line10 ) large fire made outdoors ..
5 (Line 15 ) untouched, undamaged, complete .
6 (Line 17 ) ability to do something
7 (Line 19 ) liking, zest
8( Line 26 ) enjoyment in doing something

..

9 (Line 31) view of past events


10 ( Line 3 )most important quality of a thing ..

62

PRACTICE 6
SECTION C
(25 MARKS)
QUESTIONS 26 -31 are based on the following passage
1

One of the most common problems in schools are facing today is truancy. Primary
and secondary school students can be seen in shopping malls in their school uniforms
at any time of the day. What makes them want to play truant and stay away from
school?

Some students feel that the schools do not provide a conducive and exciting

environment to study in. It is the same routine, week in week out until the end the
year. They get bored and skip school. They find many exciting things to do out of
school with their friends.
3

Yet others complain that the school is very strict with lots of unnecessary school
rules. They cant have slightly long hair, cant wear earrings, cant

bring hand

10

phones or wear sports shoes. They can only wear canvas shoes! They feel this kind
of discipline is unnecessary and unduly harsh!
Another very important reason that causes some students to play truant is peer
4

pressure. They want to be part of the group and feel they have to be as cool as their
friends. They want to show they are independent and will purposely break school

15

rules and regulations and flout the law! This is their way of showing that they wont
conform to anything that they feel is curbing their freedom in speech and action. They
are happy as long as they are part of the group.
Students who play truant are the losers in the end. They will lose out on their
formal education and will have a tough time finding jobs. When they cant get jobs,
5

20

they wont have money for their daily expenses. This will force them to steal things or
harass people to give them money.
Others start drinking or smoking just because their friends are doing so.
Sometimes, just to show they are cool, they might resort to vandalism. They want to

fight the discipline that tells them they should not destroy public amenities.

25

Yet others show off their artistic talents by writing graffiti anywhere they feel like it.
Many times, the despair of not having money leads them to take drugs just to get
over their feeling of misery. Then, the whole cycle starts all over again.
7

This unnecessary pain and misery could have been avoided if only the students had
some self-discipline and stayed in school to gain their academics certificates and

30

63

school leaving certificates.


But the fact remains that school is the place where they learn discipline. It is this
8

discipline that will help them when they become young adults and go into the working
world. It is this kind of discipline that will tell them right from wrong and good from
bad

It is only when students know how to stand up for their beliefs that they can
actually stand up to bullies and say no to begin pressurized into doing anything

35

negative or anything ethically and morally wrong. This comes with discipline which is
1

normally embedded in school and in the home.

26 From paragraphs 1 and 2,


a) What is the main problems schools are facing?
_____________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) Why do students play truant?
_____________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
27 From paragraphs 3 and 4,what causes students to stay away from school?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
28 From paragraph 5,what will happen to students who play truant?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
29 From paragraphs 6 and 7 state the four bad habits that can arise from playing truant?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
30 From paragraph 11,where will children usually learn discipline?
a) ______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) ______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

64

QUESTION 31
Based on the passage, write a summary on

Cause of students play truant


The effects of students playing truant

credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning.
Your summary must

Be in continuous writting
Use material from line 5 to 31
Not be longer than 130 words,including the words given below

Begin your summary as follows


Truancy is the most common problems schools face as students
..
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................

65

Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the meaning.
1 (Line 5) comfortable ...........................................................................................
2 (Line 12) improper manner .....................................................................................
3 (Line 12) rough and disagreeable .............................................................................
4 (Line 16) oppose / treat with contempt ......................................................................
5 (Line 17) be in agreement......................................................................................
6 (Line 17) keep under control ..................................................................................
7 (Line 22) cause trouble ...........................................................................................
8 (Line 26) things that make life easy........................................................................
9 (Line 26) drawing or words scratched on hard surface ..........................................
10 (Line 37) system of moral principles...................................................................

66

Editing
SUMMARY WORKSHEET ( Students copy)
Based on the passage, write a summary on

Cause of students play truant


The effects of students playing truant

Begin your summary as follows


Truancy is the most common problems schools face as students .

1. Some students feel that the schools do not provide a conducive and exciting environment to study
in.
2. Yet others complain that the school is very strict with lots of unnecessary school
3. Another very important reason that causes some students to play truant is peer pressure.
4. They want to be part of the group and feel they have to be as cool as their friends.
5. They want to show they are independent and will purposely break school rules and regulations
and
flout the law.
6. They will lose out on their formal education and will have a tough time finding jobs.
7. When they cant get jobs, they wont have money for their daily expenses.
8. This will force them to steal things or harass people to give them money.
9. Other start drinking or smoking, just because their friends are doing so.
10. Yet, others show off their artistic talents by writing graffiti anywhere they feel like it.
11.This unnecessary pain and misery could have been avoided if only the students had some
self-disciplined and stayed in school to gain their academic certificates and school leaving
certificates.

67

PRACTICE 7
SECTION C
(25 MARKS)
QUESTIONS 26-31 are based on the following passage
1

Newspapers are an important source of information. For the many, reading the
morning or daily newspapers puts the start to their day on a pleasant note. However, these
days, anyone would probably agree that it is depressing to read the newspaper because
there are too many reports on death, devastation and violence. Not a day goes by without a
report about people being victims of violent crime. Statistics from the police showed a rapid
increase in crime cases between 1988 and 2008 when the employment rate was high.
Snatch thefts are now running at around thirty cases a day or 16000 cases a year
throughout the country, according to one estimate. Grabbing a handbag from a defenseless
woman has become so common place that the police never give priority to snatch thefts if
there were no injury or loss of life. It was considered more petty theft and there were other
bigger things for the police to take care of.
Snatch theft may appear to be minor crimes but in actual fact, they are not. Apart from
the cases of deaths and serious injuries that have been highlighted recently, most snatch theft
victims are traumatized by the events. Many snatch theft victims will always walk in fear after
such a terrifying experience. The physical scars, if any, may heal but the psychological scars,
take a long time to heal if they ever heal.
Seven main factors have been outlined as reasons for the increase in crime rate in
Malaysia over the last twenty years. The factors are unemployment, migration of youths from
rural to urban area, influx of illegal immigrants, failure in rehabilitating drug addicts, shortage
of police personnel and vehicles to combat crime, the publics pathetic attitude and failure
of town planning committees to consider setting up police stations or the ineffectiveness of
local councils to stress safety features in the city.
Although snatch theft can occur almost anywhere, they frequently take place
in places like bus stops, commuter stations, along main roads and housing estates. The thief
usually rides on a motorcycle, often with an accomplice. According to some views, they are
usually drug addicts stealing to support their addiction. The fact that 42% of those arrested for
snatch thefts in Penang for the first five months of this year attest to this.
Snatch theft are also becoming frequent because there are no separations between
pedestrian walkways and main roads. The general lack of care by pedestrians regarding their
belongings and the reluctance of members of the public to help victims also contribute to the
rising incidence of snatch thefts. Greater public awareness of snatch thefts and the ways to
minimize it will help the police combat this scourge. Newspapers and other mass media have
a vital supportive role to play in educating the public on the simple rules of safety precautions
and personal safety. While symptomatic treatment is necessary to immediately cut the rate of
such thefts, the cure will eventually come if a holistic approach which will go to the root of the
problem is used.

10

15

20

25

30

35

26 From paragraph 1,

68

a) Why is it mentioned that it is depressing to read news?


____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) What was the police trying to say about the rapid increase in crime cases?
___________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
27 From paragraph 2,
a) Find a word that has the same meaning as important.
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) What does the word petty in line 12 mean?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
28 From paragraph 3,
a) Why is it mentioned that snatch thefts are not minor crimes?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) What word described the feeling of fear ?
____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
29 From paragraph 4, give two reasons for the increase in crime rate in Malaysia.
a) ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
30. From paragraph 6, what two suggestions are given to reduce snatch thefts?
a) ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
b) ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

31. Based on the passage write a summary on:

The increase in snatch thefts in the country

Your summary must:


Be in continuous writing
Use material from lines 6 to 36
Not be longer than 130words
Begin your summary as follows:
Snatch theft are now running at around thirty cases a .
.

69

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Vocabulary Practice
For each of the meaning of the words used in the article, find the word which matches the
meaning.

70

1. Damage badly or ruins (line 4) _____________________________________________


2. Important (line 9) _______________________________________________________
3. Small and unimportant (line 10)_____________________________________________
4. State of shock or fear (line 14)_____________________________________________
5. Feel pity or sadness (line 20) ______________________________________________
6. A person who helps in the crime (line 25) _____________________________________
7. Cause great suffering (line 32) _____________________________________________

EDITING
SUMMARY WORKSHEET( Students copy)

71

Based on the passage given write a summary on:

The increase in snatch thefts in the country

1. Snatch thefts may appear to be minor crimes but in actual fact , they are not.
2. The physical scars, if any, may heal but the psychological scars take a long time to heal if they ever
heal.
3. The factors are unemployment, migration of youths from rural to urban area, influx of illegal
immigrants, failure in rehabilitating drug addicts, shortage of police personnel and vehicles to combat
crime, the publics pathetic attitude and failure of town planning committees to consider setting up
police station or the effectiveness of local councils to stress safety features in the city.
4. Although snatch thefts can occur almost anywhere, they frequently take place in places like bus
stops, commuter stations, along main roads and housing estates.
5. Snatch thefts are becoming frequent because there are no separations between pedestrian
walkways and main roads.
6. The general lack of care by pedestrians regarding their belongings and the reluctance of members
of the public to help victims also contribute to the rising incidence of snatch thefts.
7. Greater public awareness of snatch thefts and the ways to minimize it will help the police to combat
this scourge.
8. Newspapers and other mass media have a vital supportive role to play in educating the public on
the simple rules of safety precautions and personal safety.
9. While symptomatic treatment is necessary to immediately cut the rate of snatch thefts, the cure will
eventually come if a holistic approach which will go to the root of the problem is used.

MARK SCHEME
1.3 PRACTICE 1

72

1.3.1 READING COMPREHENSION


No.
26(a
)

Suggested answers
The letter was addressed To
my grandson and he could
recognize his grandfathers
writing.

Lifting / source
Line 2 & line 3. Written on
opened the envelope.

Notes for teachers


Teach the students
to rephrase the
sentences to make
the meaning clearer.

26(b
)

The grandfather knew that his


days were numbered and he
wanted to share with his
grandson how he managed to
accomplish so much in life.

Deduced from line 5 & 6


about the question asked.
Line 10, about days are
numbered and owing the
grandson an answer.

Teach the students


to deduce answer
from the text.

27(a
)

It means to be alert and


observe everything around us
carefully.

No lifting.

Teach the students


to look for clue from
the sentence just
before or after.

27(b
)

We will find life to be full of


excitement and thrills.

Line 14 15. If you dont


. and you will be.

Pronoun you must


be changed to we.

28(a
)

He should meet his challenges


and welcome them. They will
leave him wiser, stronger and
more capable.

Line 16 17. When you


meet the day before.

Pronoun you must


be changed to he
and him.

28(b
)

He advised his grandson to


always follow rules, even the
little ones because by following
rules, life works.

Line 23 24. And always


follow rules life works.

Allow over lifting,


line 24 25, If you
think . fooling
yourself. Same
context.

29(a
)

It means one will be given more


and more responsibilities as
one grows with the years.

No lifting.

Own explanation
from previous
knowledge.

29(b
)

If we give life everything we


have got and not give up on
ourselves and be resolved to
win, life will give its best back to
us.

Line 51 52. Most


important .. resolves to
win.

Pronoun yourself
must be changed to
ourselves.

30

Yes. It is important not to be a


quitter because a quitter never
wins.

Own answer.

Answer must begin


with a Yes or No
then followed by the
reason.

1.3.2 Vocabulary Practice Answers


1. enthusiasm

6. peak

73

2. numbered

7. resentment

3. excitement

8. drain

4. fooling

9. renewed

5. focused

10. perception

1.3.3 Editing
SUMMARY (Teachers notes)
31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the lessons of life given by the grandfather to his grandson.

Begin your summary as follows:


I believe that it has a lot to do with ..
(1)
1. I think a lot of it has to do with how a person looks at things
a persons perception of life.
Life
(2)
( elaboration not wanted )
2. First, realise that life is filled with surprises, some not so pleasant and others quite
shocking but many are good ones. If you dont keep watching for them, youll miss half the
so enjoy
and
(3)
excitement. Expect to be thrilled once in a while, and you will be.
Accept
as they will make
3. When you meet up with challenges, welcome them. Do not bolt! Theyll leave you wiser,
stronger, and more capable than you were the day before.
(4)
(elaborations)
4. When you make a mistake, be grateful for the things it taught you. Failure should not stop you from
pursuing your dreams. No one is perfect. Resolve to use that lesson to help you reach your goals,(5)
5. And always follow the rules even the little ones. When you follow the rules, life works.
(6)
Then keep your mind focused on
6. Its also important to decide exactly what you want. Then, keep your mind focused on it,

74

(7)
and be prepared to receive it.
7. So be ready for endings as well as challenging beginnings. (8)
8. Life will not be so predictable. It can also be fun too. Life isnt just reaching peaks.(9)
9. Leave the past in the past. (10)
10. Remember that your choices will create your successes and your failures. (11)
11. And be sure to take breaks once in a while. Everyone needs to recharge their batteries.
to renew your
(12)
Theyll give you a renewed commitment to your dreams, and a cheerful, healthy perception
of the things that matter the most to you.
and
(13)
12. Most important of all, never give up on yourself.
13. Give life everything youve got, and life will give its best back to you. (14)
[ Total number of words is 127 with 14 content points. Candidate needs only give 10
content points. ]

MARK SCHEME
1.4 PRACTICE 2

75

1.4.1 READING COMPREHENSION


No.
26(i)

Suggested answers
(i) Fair play or playing the game
fairly.

Lifting / source
Line 2 to 3. A good ..of
the game.

Notes for teachers


If (i) contains both
answers, then award
2 marks and ignore
answer (ii)

26(ii)

(ii) Following the rules of the


game.

Line 2 to 3. A good . of
the game

27(a
)

To know the rules of the game


well.

Clue is in line 10 after the


sentence to learn as much
of the sports as possible.

Lifting not accepted.


The answer is
implied.

27(b
)

The sportsman should show up


for practice, work hard and
ensure good teamwork.

Line 10 11. Cooperative


and teamwork are the key
words to the answer.

Teach students how


to recognize key
words to help them
answer.

28(a
)
28(b
)

opponents

One word answer.

in charge of something.

Guess the meaning from


officials presiding over the
game .

29(a
)

The chances of winning are


fifty-fifty.

Line 18. Very clear-cut


answer.

Teach students not


to lift unnecessary
parts to save time.

29(b
)

The sportsman can be


penalized.

Line 24-25. If you . can


be penalized.

Pronoun you
change to he or the
sportsman.

30

It is best to congratulate the


opponents for a good game
played and also to accept the
defeat gracefully.

No lifting. Use own words


based on the points.

Teach students to
rephrase where
necessary.

1.4.2 Vocabulary Practice Answers


1. inclined
2. biased

3. courteously
4. realistic

5. disputes
6. slim

7. applaud

1.4.3 Editing
SUMMARY (Teachers notes)

76

31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is good sportsmanship

ways to practise good sportsmanship


Begin your summary as follows:
Demonstrating good sportsmanship is important in any games or sports ...
1. A good sportsmanship is the quality of someone who is inclined to the area of sports and
plays rather fairly by following the rules of the game, (1)
(2)
2. Besides, the sportsman respects the judgment of the referees and all the officials in the
game, knowing that they are not biased.
(elaboration)
besides treating
(3)
3. A good sportsman will also treat the opponents with respect.
important that the sportsman
(4)
4. Firstly, it is of the utmost importance to learn as much of the sports as possible,
(5)
(6)
5. The sportsman must be cooperative by showing up for practice, working hard and
(7)
realizing that teamwork is important to ensure success.
6. In addition, it is important to talk politely and act courteously towards the teammates, the
everyone (8)
opponents, the coaches and even the opponents coaches before, during and even after
the games or events.(9)
7. Remember to stay cool and
(10)
8. Another thing a good sportsman must remember is to avoid settling disputes with violence.
or
(11)
If you respond with violence, the problem is that as a sportsman, you can be penalized.
Acknowledge
(12)
9. Moreover, remember to acknowledge and applaud the good plays
the
on a game well played or
10. Lastly, congratulate your opponents if they win the game. Learn to accept defeat
(13)
gracefully. Congratulate your opponents on a game well played.
(14)
MARK SCHEME
1.5 PRACTICE 3

77

1.5.1 Passage
READING COMPREHENSION
No.
Suggested answers
26(a A home library is a little area of
)
space in a corner of a home or
even a small room where one
can keep reading materials,
references and electronic
resources.
26(b cosy
)
27(a Scrabble
)
27(b
)
28(a
)
28(b
)
29(a
)
29(b
)
30(a
)
30(b
)

Word puzzles / crossword


puzzles
Printed reading materials.

Lifting / source
Line 5 to 7.

Notes for teachers

Only one word


answer.
Any two of the three
answers.
Chess is not a
correct answer.
Lifting allowed, line 11 to
12.

Non-printed reading materials.


Help to foster a long-life love for
reading among the family
members.
Young readers can be
inculcated with the love for
reading.
Get the help of the state public
library management on how to
run a home library.
Looking clean and attractive or
looking good enough for people
to see.

Lifting line 21 to 22.


Lifting line 23.
Line 41 to 42. One
example .. home library.

Teach students to do
selective lifting.
Look for clues from
sentences before
and after the word.

1.5.2
Vocabulary Practice Answers
1. attics
2. resources

3. related
4. vast

5. foster
6. exposed

7. confines

1.5.3 Editing

78

SUMMARY (Teachers notes)


31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

what is a home library

the benefits of having a home library


Begin your summary as follows:
Having a home library is important in every family for..................................................
1. its many benefits (1)
(2)
2. A home library is a little area of space in a corner of a home (or even a small room) where
we can place all our reading materials, references and electronic resources.
( elaboration library means having reading materials, references, etc)
(elaboration on the room)
3. A home library can be turned into a cosy room of references by the family members. Here,
where
(3)
the family may run activities that are related to reading such as games like Scrabble, chess,
word puzzles and crossword puzzles.
(4)
4. Normally, a home library contains printed and non-printed reading materials for.
(elaboration on printed materials
5. In addition, it is good to add in some light reading materials or viewing materials in the home library.
There are a vast collection of novels, picture books, magazines, family photo albums and articles that
can be collected by the family members for reference. Other added collections to the home library are
videotapes, cassettes, CD-ROMs, board games and even brochures.
(elaboration on
non-printed materials)
(5)
6. A home library can help to foster a long-life love for reading among the family members.
(elaboration)
(6)
and
7. Children can be given the opportunity to be exposed to reading books at a young age.
Indirectly, the young readers can be inculcated with the love for reading.(7)
8. Reading can be made as one of the activities for the family members.(8)
9. The parents can guide the children to read books and at the same time, foster good family
relationships. (10)
10. Children can also be fostered to adopt a positive attitude to appreciate reading materials and
knowledge that can be of value to them.
(9)
(elaboration)
and easily accessed them
11. A home library enables the family members to read materials within the confines of their own
homes. The materials can be easily accessed at any time.
(11)
family members

79

12. Moreover, the reading activities can be carried out to improve the
members. and making some handicrafts (13)

thinking skills of family


(12)

13. In this small corner of a room, one can also teach the family members to make some handicrafts
like origami.

MARK SCHEME
1.6 PRACTICE 4
1.6.1 Passage
READING COMPREHENSION
No.
26(a
)

Suggested answers
It was the Teddy Bear.

Lifting / source
Line 1. The Teddy Bear, is
losing its appeal.

Notes for teachers

26(b
)

Now it has lost much of its


popularity.

Line 1. .., is losing its


appeal

27

German toymaker, Richard


Steiff, said that his company
finished making the first jointed
Teddy Bears in (the autumn of)
1902.

28

A field day was had by pundits


and cartoonists and Teddy
Bear stories and cartoons
cropped up everywhere.
Toymakers jumped on the
bandwagon, too.
An American toy seller ordered
3 000 bears at the last possible
moment.

Line 2 & 3 the German


company . in 1902. The
toy .. before Christmas
that year.
Line 25. .. in the autumn of
1902.
Para 4 A field day up
everywhere.
Para 5 Toymakers . on
the bandwagon, too.

Teach the students


words in similar
context.
Teach the students
to deduce answer
from the sentence(s)

29

30

The bears helped to comfort


and consoled the people during
the troubled 90s.

Line 27. when an


American moment.

Use the content from line


30 to 32. Write in own
words.

Students must look


for the 2 groups of
people who
exploited the Teddy
Bear stories.
Teach students to
look for the clue
before or after the
mentioned word in
the sentence.
Teach students to
write in own words
using the contents
given.

1.6.2 Vocabulary Practice Answers


1. appeal

2. Typical

3. exaggerated

5. infuriated
1.6.3 - Editing

6. cropped up

7. aftermath

4. placating

80

SUMMARY (Teachers notes)


31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the origin of the Teddy Bear


its rise in popularity and its recent decline.

Begin your summary as follows:


A German toymaker claimed that he was the creator of
2. Rival British and American companies, however, challenge the German companys claim
(1)
to being the creator of the Teddy Bear but the German toy company, Steiff, says that it has documents
to prove their claim.
Richard Steiff
he created
(2)
1. the German company which claims it made the first jointed soft toy bears in 1902.
3. Germans learnt about President Theodore Teddy Roosevelts brush with a bear while hunting. (4)
4. A field day was had by pundits and cartoonists because of the incident. Teddy Bear
stories and cartoons cropped up everywhere. This opportunity was not missed by composers and
entrepreneurs who quickly pounced on the merchandising gimmick. Soon
was soon on
(5)
almost every type of product had pictures of Teddy and his Bear printed on them.
(6)
5. It was at the Leipzig Trade Fair in 1903 that the breakthrough came for the Teddy Bear
(7)
when an American toy seller ordered 3 000 bears at the last possible moment.
(8)
6. For a century, Teddy Bears played a very important role in the lives of young and old alike.
The bears provided comfort and consolation to these people and never went out of fashion
(9)
through good and bad times. In the nostalgic 90s, Teddy Bears became highly-valued
(10)
collectors items.
(11)
(elaboration)
7. However, there are signs that Teddy is losing its appeal as the most desired collectable.
owing to
(12)
Certain manufacturers blame it on the aftermath of September 11 and others on the
(elaboration)
economic downturn.(13)
MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 5

81

READING COMPREHENSION
No
26 (a)

26 (b)

Suggested answers
She felt frightened/afraid/scared not

Lifting/source
Paragraph 1 Line 2 to

Examination tips
Lifting- pronoun I, need

for herself but for someone else

line 3

to be changed to the

As I watched......

third point of view

She tried to cheer him on with show

.else
Paragraph 2 Line 8

Lifting- pronoun I, need

tunes, jokes and bad Swahili.

I coaxed him on,trying

to be changed to the

to cheer him up with

third point of view

show tunes,jokes,bad
27(a)
27 (b)

The authors husband


They refer the two clients who suffered

Swahili
Paragraph 3 Line 14
Par[agraph 3 Line 16

28(a)

from altitude sickness


She will not take her urban comforts

Paragraph 4 Line 18 &

Lifting- pronoun I, need

for granted again.

19 I would

to be changed to the

never........again
Paragraph 4 Line 21 till

third point of view

She gave away all her gears to the


porters/ she wrote in the logbook

Line 22

AGAINST MY RELIGION
The reality of adventure is chilling

Paragraph 5 Line 30

28(b)

29(a)

the reality of adventure


29(b)

The essence of style in the wilderness

is..............can bite you


Paragraph 5 Line 32 to

has nothing to do with

Line 34

clothes and everything to do with


30

humility
She means that she must have said
something she didnt believe in

SUMMARY ( Teachers Note)


Begin your summary as follows:
She learnt to cherish and not to take for granted all
1. She would never take those urban comforts for granted again

82

and
2. She would relish,every manicure
3.

savor every meeting

4. Logging on to my email, she learnt of a 26-year-old climber


5.

who had hiked up Kilimanjaro a week after they did

6. He had developed a severe respiratory illness and died during a nighttime evacuation attempt
7. The reality of adventure is chilling: even a walk-up like Kilimanjaro can bite you.
8. In retrospect,all her complaints about the clothing,hygiene, and gear seem so trivial
9. The essence of style in the wilderness as nothing to do with clothes and
10. And everything to do with humility
( 75 words )
5.2 VOCABULARY PRACTICE ANSWER SCHEME
1. descent
2. twilight
3. coaxed
4. bonfire
5. intact

6. faculties
7. relish
8. gusto
9. retrospect
10. essence

MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 6


READING COMPREHENSION
No
26(a)

Suggested answers
Truancy

Lifting/source
Paragraph 1

Examination tips

Line 1 to line 2
One of the

83

26(b)

School environment is not fun to study

most.......truancy.
Paragraph 2
Line 6 - 7
Some students feel

27

i-Unnecessary school rules

that............to study in
Paragraph 3

Mandatory words in the

ii-peer pressure

Line 12

answer unnecessary

Paragraph 4

school rules and peer


pressure

28

They will resort to stealing or harassing

Line15
Paragraph 5

29

people for money


Drinking,smoking,vandalism and writing

Line 24
Paragraph 6

graffiti

Line25 29 but must

a)in school

underline the habits


Paragraph 11

b)in the home

Line 44-45 this

30

comes...........in the
home

SUMMARY ( Teachers Note)


QUESTION 31
Begin your summary as follows
Truancy is the most common problems schools face as students
feel
1. Some students feel that the schools do not provide a conducive and exciting enviromnet to study in.
Schools have
2. Yet others complain that the school is very strict with lots of unnecessary school
3. Another very important reason that causes some students to play truant is peer pressure.
4. They want to be part of the group and feel they have to be as cool as their friends.
So they
5. They want to show they are independent and will purposely break school rules and regulations and
flout the law.
These students
6. They will lose out on their formal education and will have a tough time finding jobs.
theres no
7. When they cant get jobs, they wont have money for their daily expenses.
8. This will force them to steal things or harass people to give them money.
9. Other start drinking or smoking, just because their friends are doing so.

84

Some may
10. Yet, others show off their artistic talents by writting graffiti anywhere they feel like it.
11. This unnecessary pain and misery could have been avoided if only the students had some selfdisciplined and stayed in school to gain their academic certificates and school leaving certificates.
( 120 words)
VOCABULARY PRACTICE ANSWER SCHEME
1. Conducive
6. Curbing
2. Unduly
7. Harass
3. Harsh
8. Amenities
4. Flout
9. Graffiti
5. Conform
10. Ethically

MARK SCHEME
1.10 PRACTICE 7
1.10.1 READING COMPREHENSION
No
26 (a)

Suggested answers
There are many news reports on death,

Lifting/source
Paragraph 1 Line 3 to

Examination tips
Lifting allowed

devastation and violence

line 4

26 (b)

The crime cases increased dramatically

Paragraph 1Line 6 to 7

Lifting allowed

27(a)

when there was high unemployment rate


priority

Paragraph 3 Line 10

Lifting allowed but

27 (b)

Small and unimportant/ not very

28(a)

important
This is because the victims are affected

Paragraph 3 Line 18&

with psychological scarsand fear for a

19

28(b)

long time
traumatized

Paragraph Line 16

Lifting allowed but

29(a)

Any seven factors given in paragraph 4

Paragraph 4

underline the word


Only state 2 factors

underline the word.


No lifting allowed
Lifting allowed

85

30

Great public awareness

Paragraph 6 Line 37to

Educating the public

Line 39

1.10.2 Vocabulary Practice Answers


1. devastation

5.pathetic

2.priority

6.accomplice

3.petty

7. scourge

4. traumatized

1.10.3 Editing
Summary (Teachers notes)
Based on the passage given write a summary on:

The increase in snatch thefts in the country

1.Snatch thefts may appear to be minor crimes but in actual fact , they are not.and vehicles to
combat crime(elaboration)

2.The physical scars, if any, may heal but the psychological scars take a long time to heal if they
ever heal.
3.The factors are unemployment, migration of youths from rural to urban area, influx of illegal
immigrants, failure in rehabilitating drug addicts, shortage of police personnel , the publics
pathetic attitude and failure of town planning committees to consider setting up police station or
the effectiveness of local councils to stress safety features in the city.
4.Although snatch thefts can occur almost anywhere, they frequently take place in places like bus
stops, commuter stations, along main roads and housing estates.
Besides,
5.Snatch thefts are becoming frequent because there are no separations between pedestrian

walkways and main roads.


on
6.The general lack of care by pedestrians regarding their belongings and the reluctance of
Increases the
members of the public to help victims also contribute to the rising incidence of snatch thefts.

86

7.Greater public awareness of snatch thefts and the ways to minimize it will help the police to
combat this scourge.
can
8.Newspapers and the other mass media have a vital supportive role to play in educate the
public on the simple rules of safety precautions and personal safety.

9.While symptomatic treatment is necessary to immediately cut the rate of snatch thefts
be
10.The cure will eventually come if a holistic approach which will go to the root of the problem is
used.

TEACHERS NOTES
1.

This poem section consists of 12 practices:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Practice 1-3 on In the Midst of Hardship


Practice 4-7 on He Had Such Quiet Eyes
Practice 8-9 on Nature
Practice 10-12 on Are You Still Playing Your Flute?
2. The questions are set according to stanza by stanza of each poem.
3. Bear in mind that students have to give or express their own opinion for question 3 of
each practice. This is according to the latest SPM format in answering poems.
4. Drill students on how to identify the keywords in the questions.
.

STUDENTS NOTES
1. Answer the questions using present tense.
2. Try to identify keywords in the questions.
3. Remember that you have to express your opinion for question 3.

87

PRACTICE 1-3 ON POEM In the Midst of Hardship


Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow.
In the Midst of Hardship
At dawn they returned home
their soaky clothes torn
and approached the stove
their limbs marked by scratches
their legs full of wounds
but on their brows
there was no sign of despair
The whole day and night just passed
they had to brave the horrendous flood
in the water all the time
between bloated carcasses
and tiny chips of tiny barks
desperately looking for their sons
albino buffalo that was never found
They were born amidst hardship
and grew up without a sigh or a complaint
now they are in the kitchen, making
jokes while rolling their cigarette leaves
Latiff Mohidin

88

PRACTICE 1
From stanza 1,
(a) which phrase suggests that they were drenched?
. (1 mark)
(b) what happened to their hands?
...(1 mark)
(c) why do you think they approached the stove?
(1 mark)
(d) in your own words, suggest ways to handle hardships in our life?
..
.(2mark)
PRACTICE 2
From stanza 2,
(a) why do you think they were enduring the terrible flood water?
..(1 mark)
(b) which phrase shows that the flood had caused the loss of lives?
..(1 mark)
(c) what was the peoples feeling at that time?
.(1 mark)
(d) do you think the buffalo was valuable to the family? Why?

. (2 marks)
PRACTICE 3
From Stanza 3,
(a) what type of life is a life of hardship?
... (1 mark)

89

(b) list two activities that they did to relax and unwind.
i. .. (1 mark)
ii . (1 mark)
(c) The poem is about a flood disaster. In your own words suggest two ways that
you can do to help the flood victims.
.
..... (2 marks)

PRACTICE 4-7 ON POEM He Had Such Quiet Eyes


Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

He Had Such Quiet Eyes


He had such quiet eyes
She did not realise
They were two pools of lies
Layered with thinnest ice
To her, those quiet eyes
Were breathing desolate sighs
Imploring her to be nice
And to render him paradise
If only shed been wise
And had listened to the advice
Never to compromise
With pleasure-seeking guys
Shed be free from the hows and whys
Now heres a bit of advice
Be sure that nice really means nice
Then youll never be losing at dice
Though you may lose your heart once or twice
Bibsy Soenharjo

90

PRACTICE 4
From stanza1,
(a) what was the woman blind to?
..... (1 mark)

(b) which line suggests that the woman was unaware of the kind of man he was?
.... (1 mark)
(c) in line 3, what does the two pools of lies refer to?
........ (1 mark)
(d) in your own words, suggest how the woman had been tricked?
.
. (2 marks)
PRACTICE 5
From stanza 1,
(a) how did the man try to attract the woman? Mention two ways.
i (1 mark)
ii-. (1 mark)
(b) what did the man desire from the woman?
. (1 mark)
(c) do you think the woman was foolish for falling in love with the man?
Give a reason for your answer.
..
.. (2 marks)

PRACTICE 6
From stanza 2,
(a) what could have saved the woman from committing the mistake?

91

. (1 mark)
(b) what was the advice given to the woman?
. (1 mark)
(c) what is meant by the phrase the hows and whys?
. (1 mark)
(d) do you think the woman regretted falling in love with the man? Why?
.
... (2 marks)

PRACTICE 7
From stanza 3,
(a) What is meant by the phrase nice really means nice?
.. (1 mark)
(b) Why love is compared to playing dice in the poem?
.. (1 mark)
(c) What does the phrase lose your heart mean?
... (1 mark)
(d) State two lessons that you can learn from the poem?
.
.. (2 marks)

PRACTICE 8-9 ON POEM Nature


Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

92

Nature
We have neither Summer nor Winter
Neither Autumn nor Spring.
We have instead the days
When the gold sun shines on the lush green canefieldsMagnificently.
The days when the rain beats like bullets on the roofs
And there is no sound but the swish of water in the gullies
And trees struggling in the high Jamaica winds.
Also there are the days when leaves fade from off guango trees
And the reaped canefields lie bare and fallow to the sun.
But best of all there are the days when the mango and the logwood blossom
When the bushes are full of the sound of bees and the scent of honey,
When the tall grass sways and shivers to the slightest breath of air,
When the buttercups have paved the earth with yellow stars
And beauty comes suddenly and the rains have gone.
HD Carberry

PRACTICE 8
From stanza 1,
(a) what are the two seasons found in Jamaican weather?
..... (1 mark)
(b) which phrase tells you that the wind blows strongly?
.... (1 mark)
(c) how do the canefields look after being harvested ?
..... (1 mark)
(d) would you like to live in a country with different weather conditions? Why?
..
. (2 marks)

PRACTICE 9
From stanza 2,
(a) what can be smelled on the day the persona cherished the most?

93

. (1 mark)
(b) state two things that take place on a day when the weather is good.
i .... (1 mark)
ii ...... (1 mark)
(c) And beauty comes suddenly and the rains have gone.
what do you think this last line means in relation to mans life?
..
.. (2 marks)

PRACTICE 10-12 ON POEM Are You Still Playing Your Flute?


Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow.
Are You Still Playing Your Flute?
Are you still playing your flute?
When there is hardly time for our love
I am feeling guilty
To be longing for your song
The melody concealed in slim hollow of the bamboo
Uncovered by the breath of an artist
Composed by his fingers
Blown by the wind
To the depth of my heart.
Are you still playing your flute?
In the village so quiet and deserted
Amidst the sick rice field
While here it has become a luxury
To spend time watching the rain
Gazing at the evening rays
Collecting dew drops
Or enjoying the fragrance of flowers.
Are you still playing the flute?
The more it disturbs my conscience
to be thinking of you
in the hazard of you
my younger brothers are unemployed and desperate

94

my people disunited by politics


my friend slaughtered mercilessly
this world is too old and bleeding.
.
Zurinah Hassan

PRACTICE 10
From stanza1,
(a) in line 1, to whom does the word you refer?
....... (1 mark)
(b) why do you think the persona feels guilty to be longing for the music?
............ (1 mark)
(c) write down two words that are related to how a flute is played.
i (1 mark)
ii .. (1 mark)
(d) why do you think the persona can hear the songs of the flute?
.... (1 mark)

PRACTICE 11
From stanza 2,
(a) how does the persona describe her village?
....... ( 2 marks)
(b) why do you think the rice fields are described as sick?
. ( 1 mark )
(c) name two activities that are considered as luxury to be done.
i . (1 mark)
ii .... (1 mark)

PRACTICE 12
From stanza 3,

95

(a) in line 2, what does it refer to?


.. (1 mark)
(a) name one of the problems faced by the nation.
. (1 mark)
(c) give the meaning of the phrase slaughtered mercilessly.
.. (1 mark)
.

(d) The world is too old and bleeding


in your own words state the meaning of the last line of the poem.
..
.. (2 marks)

SUGGESTED ANSWERS
POEMS
PRACTICE 1-3 ON POEM In the Midst of Hardship
PRACTICE 1

a
b
c

PRACTICE 2

a
b
c
d

PRACTICE 3

a
b
c

Their soaky clothes


Marked by scratches / covered by cuts/bruises
To cook a meal/ to prepare food
To warm themselves
Have strength/courage
Never give up
Have positive attitude towards life
OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS
To look for/ to search for their sons albino buffalo
Bloated carcasses
Desperate
Yes, their son loves the buffalo very much and that is why the parents brave the terrible
flood to look for the buffalo.
-OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS
Difficult life / A life of suffering
i-making jokes / joking with each other
ii-rolling their cigarette leaves/ smoking
Donate food
Donate clothes
Donate money
Give moral support
OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS

96

PRACTICE 4-7 ON POEM He Had Such Quiet Eyes


PRACTICE 4

a
b
c
d

i-His eyes were breathing desolate sighs /


telling the woman of his loneliness or sadness
ii-imploring the woman to be nice /
pleading her to kind to him
iii-asking her to render him paradise /
requesting the woman to give him pleasure
ANSWERS are INTERCHANGABLE
ACCEPT ANY TWO ANSWERS
Pleasure / to have fun

Yes, because the man was deceiving her with his superficial appearance

PRACTICE 5
a

PRACTICE 6

a
b
c

PRACTICE 7

She was blind to the mans ill intention / the mans bad intention
She did not realize
The mans quiet eyes
-The woman had been tricked by the mans clever dramatisation of sadness and
loneliness asking her to give pleasure /
-The woman had been tricked by the mans look and appearance
-OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS

a
b
c
d

Being wise / or
Listen to the advice
Not to be deceived by man /
Not to compromise with pleasure-seeking man
The questions the woman asked herself as she tried to come to terms with her bad
experience
Yes, because she had learnt a lesson in a hard way /
Yes, because she had been deceived by a pleasure-seeking man
Yes, because she had discovered how superficial and shallow the man was
-OR Any POSSIBLE ANSWERS
Take time to assess people /
Do not judge people by mere appearance /
Be wary of people who pretend to be good
Love is a gamble
Falling in love
i-We must not be take in by looks or appearance
ii-We must listen and take heed of good advice
-OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS

PRACTICE 8-9 ON POEM Nature


PRACTICE 8

a
b
c
d

Hot days and Rainy days


The high Jamaica winds
Bare and Fallow
Yes, it will be very interesting / or
No, it will be difficult for me to adjust to the weather

97

-OR any POSSIBLE ANSWERS


a
PRACTICE 9
b

The scent of honey / The smell of honey / Honey


i-the mango and the logwood trees blossom / are flowering
ii-the buzzing bees busy collecting nectar
iii-the tall grass sways and shivers to the soft breeze
iv-the buttercups cover the land with yellow stars
ACCEPT ANY TWO ANSWERS
Life has its ups and downs, so we have to go through bad days in order to appreciate the
good days

PRACTICE 10-12 ON POEM Are You Still Playing Your Flute?


PRACTICE 10

a
b
c
d

PRACTICE 11

a
b

The flautist / the flute player / the man playing the flute
Because it is the right time anymore for their love
i.
breath
ii.
fingers
The sound is blown by the wind /
The persona can hear it in her heart due to her love
Quiet and deserted
Gloomy and barren / being abandoned by people
i-watching the rain
ii-gazing at the evening rays
iii-collecting dew drops
iv-enjoying the fragrance of flowers
(ACCEPT ANY TWO ANSWERS)

a
PRACTICE 12
b
c
d

The song / the sound of the flute


i-young men are jobless / and are desperate / unemployment
ii-People are divided by politics
iii-People are killed in war / or war has broken out
(ACCEPT ONLY ONE ANSWER)
Killed brutally / killed heartlessly
The persona feels trapped in a world that is dying and collapsing due to the serious
problems mentioned.

98

NOTES FOR TEACHERS:


1. This novel section consists of 10 practices.
2. Drill students on how to identify the keywords in the questions.
3. Students should present their answers in three parts introduction, content and closing.

EXAMINATION TIPS FOR TEACHERS:


1. Ask students to identify keywords in the question.
2. For introduction
- students should state the novel and the (author)
3. For content
- state ideas / opinions with examples / evidences from the text/ novel.
- For weak students, state at least one or two ideas.
- For average students, use as many ideas as possible.
4. For closing
- conclude by stating personal responses / opinions.
5. Students may answer the question using present or past tense. But, bear in mind
they have to be consistent in using one form of tense throughout their response.

99

PRACTICE 1
Which character do you like the most in the novel you have studied?
Give reasons why you like this character using information from the novel that you
have chosen to support your answer.
like the most
Character

admire the most


look up
interesting

Suggested answer
Introduction
Content
=-Textual evidences
Closing
-Conclusion

PRACTICE 2
Which character do you dislike the most in the novel you have studied?
Give reasons why you dislike this character using information from the novel that you

100

have chosen to support your answer.


dislike
Character

hate

Suggested answer
Introduction
Content
=-Textual evidences
Closing
-Conclusion

4. LITERATURE NOVEL
4.1 Teachers notes:
4. This novel section consists of 7 practices.
5. Drill students on how to identify the keywords in the questions.
6. Students should present their answers in three parts introduction, content and closing.
4.2 Students Tips:
6. Ask students to identify keywords in the question.
7. For introduction
- students should state the novel and the author.
8. For content
- state ideas / opinions with examples / evidence from the text/ novel.
- For weak students, state at least one or two ideas.
- For average students, use as many ideas as possible.
9. For closing
- conclude by stating personal responses / opinions.
10. Students may answer the question using present or past tense. But, bear in mind they have
to be consistent in using one form of tense throughout their response.

101

PRACTICE 1
It is important to have a person that you look up to your life.
From the novel that you have read, write about one character that you look up to.
Give reasons why you choose him/her.
like the most
Character

admire the most


look up to
interesting

Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
Identify the character that you look up to.
Give reasons why you choose him/her.
Suggested answer
Introduction

In Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail, Rory is one of


the most interesting characters that I look up to. He is a young boy but
he shows great courage and determination when he goes on an
adventure to stop the authorities from separating him and his
grandfather.

102

Content
=-Textual evidence

Rory is also very responsible and mature for his age. He


takes good care of his Granda, making sure that he takes his
medication and eats his meals. Rory even stops doing his favourite
activities because most of his time is taken up caring for Granda. At a
time when most children have adults taking care of them, Rory has to
take care of his grandfather, the only adult in his home.
Another quality that I admire in Rory is his ability to forgive
and move on with his life. Although he is angry at his father for leaving
him and his mother when he was small, he still forgives him and even
accepts his new family with open arms.

Closing
-Conclusion

These are the reasons why I choose Rory as the character that
I look up to in this novel.

PRACTICE 2
It is important to have someone that you can trust.
How is this shown in the novel you have read? Support your answer with close reference to the text.
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
Identify the characters that can be trusted in the novel.
Give your views with examples from the novel.
Suggested answer

Introduction

The novel, Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail


highlights the message that it is important to have someone that you
can trust especially when you are in trouble or face problems.

Content
=-Textual evidence

Of course it is not easy to trust strangers, not even when they


sincerely offer help. Rory and Granda could have rejected the help
offered to them due to mistrust. But they choose to trust these strangers
instead.
Rory and Granda have to put trust in strangers like Tyrones
family and Rab. These people are sincere in giving their help to Rory
and Granda. Rory and Granda learn that these people are kind to those
in need of help. Their trust in these kind people pay off for, not only do
they get help, they also get new friends.

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Rory meets Rab when he wants to put petrol in the stolen car.
Rab offers help immediately because he knows about them running
away from the authorities. At first, Rory does not accept Rabs offer of
help. But then, Rory decides Rab can be trusted and he makes the right
decision. Rab proves to be very helpful. Later, Rabs girlfriend, Annie,
helps them to escape to the hill where it all ends well with a reunion
between Rory, Granda and his fathers family.
Closing
-Conclusion

In conclusion, it is clear that from these examples, it is important to


trust someone especially when you are in trouble or face problems.

PRACTICE 3
Love is important in a family.
How is this shown in the novel you have read? Support your answer with close reference to the text.
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
Identify the characters that show love is important in a family.
Give your views with examples from the text.
Suggested answer

Introduction

In the novel, Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail, the


love and commitment between Rory and his grandfather are amazing
and heart warming. Both want to keep the family united no matter what
happens.

Content
=-Textual evidence

Rory loves his Granda very much. He makes sure that his
grandfather takes his medicine on time and does not miss a meal. He
also ensures that his basic hygiene is taken care of.
Other than that, Rory even gives up the school football team so
he can spend time with his Granda. At times, he even trains his Granda
on how to behave in public. In return, Granda loves Rory very much and
refuses to be parted from him even if it means he has to be away from
medical help.
When Rory realises that he is to be separated from his Granda,

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he then makes plans to run away with Granda. They are lucky that
along the way, many kind people help them to continue their journey
together.
Closing
-Conclusion

In the end, after all the hardships and challenges they face, Rory
and Granda manage to stay together.

PRACTICE 4
The writer describes the main character as a very determined person.
Using details from the novel that you have studied, write about:
examples
some instances that show the characters determination
how the determination affects his/her family
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
State the main character who is a very determined person.
Give examples that show the characters determination from the novel.
Suggested answer
Introduction

In the novel, Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail,


Granda is a very determined person. Although old Granda suffers
physical pain and experiences memory loss, he is very single-minded
in his determination to be with his only grandson, Rory. When his only
son Jeff, abandoned his wife and Rory, Granda took care of Rory and
his mother.

Content
=-Textual evidence

Later, when they become separated, Granda is still determined


to be with Rory. Despite his sickness and need for medical attention,
he agrees to run away with Rory so that they can be together. He
cannot imagine a life without his grandson.

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Although his health condition worsens, he still leaves the


hospital and goes on an adventure in order to be with his grandson.
His determination also makes him hit a thug who wants to
reveal their identity to the police for reward. Granda also manages to
steal a car to run away from the police and those who want to
separate him from Rory.
When they are later reunited with his son, Jeff, Granda is
determined to stay with Rory though he loves his other grandchildren
very much.
Closing
-Conclusion

In conclusion, Granda proves that being sick and old, does not
weaken his spirit and determination to be with his grandson, Rory.
Granda shows that one should not give up when faced with many
challenges.

PRACTICE 5
Using the details from the novel that you have studied,
describe what happens at the end of the novel
explain why you find the ending either happy or sad
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
Describe what happens at the end of the novel.
Identify whether the ending is happy or sad.
Give examples from the novel.
Suggested answer

Introduction

I enjoyed reading the novel, Catch Us If You Can by


Catherine MacPhail as it has a happy ending to the story. Rory gets to
stay with his grandfather and is also reunited with his father, Jeff.
At first, I was surprised by the happy ending as the story began
with so much suspense and the characters faced with many
challenges. I thought the story was going to have a sad ending.

Content
=-Textual evidence

Towards the end of the story, we find Rory and his grandfather
running away from the authorities. They stop at a bus shelter to rest

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because Granda is tired. When Rory wakes up, he tries to wake up


Granda but he does not move.
In panic, Rory runs to the nearest house for help. The police and
ambulance are called. Rorys father, Jeff also turns up. Luckily,
Granda recovers after a stay in the hospital. While his Granda is in
hospital, Rory meets his fathers wife and stepsisters. Rory gets along
well with them.
Once Granda recovers, he and Rory moves into a flat, not far
from Jeffs home. They always have meals together and Rory gets
help to take care of his Granda. Rory finally has a family, other than
Granda.
Closing
-Conclusion

I am glad that the story has a happy ending because I feel that
Rory deserves one. He is a brave, loving and responsible boy who
finally gets the family that he has always wanted.

PRACTICE 6
Using the details from the novel that you have studied, write about a difficult decision made by one
of the characters.
With close reference to the text, do you think this was the right decision?
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
State the difficult decision made by one of the characters
Give your opinions by using the examples from the novel.

Suggested answer

Introduction

In the novel, Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail, I


believe the decision Rory made to run away with Granda was the
right one. It was indeed a difficult decision to make because it would
change their lives forever.

Content
=-Textual evidence

Rory and Granda had been separated- Rory was placed in


the childrens home while Granda was in Rachnadar, a home for
elderly. Both are deeply unhappy about this. Rory finally decided to
run away with Granda when he saw how unhappy his Granda was.
Rory managed to rescue his Granda from further mental
trauma and during their journey to freedom; he met many kind

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people such as Sammy, Ruby, Nicole and Rab. I believe if Rory had
stayed at the home and Granda at Rachnadar, he would have
eventually run away from there as he could not stand Tess violent
behaviour. He also would remain separated from his Granda. In
addition, Rory would not have been reunited with his father and met
his new family.
Closing
-Conclusion

Thus, despite the tough decision Rory made, it was the right
one. He is able to stay with his grandfather and have the support of a
family.

PRACTICE 7
Based on the novel that you have read, write about an important incident that you remember. Give
reasons why you remember the incident.
Guidelines
State the novel and the author.
Describe the important incident that you remember.
Give reasons why you remember it.

Suggested answer

Introduction

In the novel, Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail,


the one incident that I remember most is when Rory thought
Granda had died.

Content
=-Textual evidence

After a narrow escape from the authorities, Rory and his


grandfather stopped to rest in a bus shelter. When Rory could not
wake up Granda, he thought Granda had died. The frightened Rory
ran to get help and when he returned to where his Granda was, he
noticed his grandfather had fallen and appeared to be dead.
I remember the incident the most because I thought that
Granda had died. I felt sad for Rory because all his efforts would
have been for nothing and he would have felt guilty for taking his

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grandfather away from Rachnadar. Luckily, Granda did not die.


Rory managed to get help in time and Granda was taken to the
hospital.
Closing
-Conclusion

These are the reasons why I remember the incident the


most.

5. DIRECTED WRITING
5.1 Teachers Notes
The Directed Writing question carries a total of 35 marks 15 marks for content and 20
marks for language. The marks for format, which can vary between 1-3 marks depending on
the text type, are included in the 15 marks allocated for content. In this section, candidates
are given only one question. This means that candidates do not have the luxury of choice
which they are given in the Continuous Writing section.
Most candidates find this question quite manageable. In fact, even weak candidates
can be taught to cope with this question to a certain extent. Several factors make this
question quite do able. Firstly, candidates are given help with content. This means candidates
do not have to worry about what to write as content points are provided. It is not difficult to
score full marks for content. In fact, candidates can score full marks for content if they are
able to use the information given in grammatically sound sentences, irrespective of the
sentence type or length. It is also easy to get marks for format if they have been exposed to
the formats of different text types. Secondly, this question does not demand much
linguistically unlike the continuous writing question. Most candidates are able to cope with this
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question, even if they are linguistically limited. Thirdly, the question is usually set around the
experiences of students. Hence, there is no reason for candidates not to attempt this
question.

Below is an analysis of the questions which have appeared over the past ten years:

Year

Text type

2000

Letter (informal)

brother and persuade mother to lend you some

2001

Article

2002

Speech

money
To inform students on ways of coping with stress
To inform students about road safety - causes of

2003

Letter (formal)

2004

Report

2005

Letter (informal)

2006

Letter (informal)

2007

Speech

2008

Article

2009

A Report

2010

Purpose
To inform mother of choice of present for your

road accidents and suggestions to reduce them


To inform the class teacher about the choice of class
trip
To inform the school principal about the conditions of
the school canteen
To inform a friend about a holiday camp
To convince a friend to run for the post of head
prefect
To tell students about a science reference book
To inform students about a friend who has been
chosen as the Best Group Leader
To inform the Principal of the reasons why students

A letter

lack of interest in sports


To tell a cousin the benefits of taking part in National

(Informal)

Service Program

Common errors

Poor time management. Do not spend more than the allocated 45 minutes on this
question. Otherwise you will not have enough time for the second question.

Lengthy essays. Do not write too much. As mentioned earlier, this question does not make
many demands on a candidate. Directed writing is a succinct piece of writing. All you have
110

to do is use the given points and provide a sentence or two (maybe three) to elaborate on
them. A response of 1 - 2 pages is more than sufficient. After all, the more you write the
more mistakes you might make. Some candidates make the mistake of writing one
paragraph for each point. If you do this, your essay is going to be very lengthy. Save the
time and energy for Continuous writing.

Usage of informal language. This paper tests your written English. Do not use spoken
language. Avoid using slang words (such as guys, ..), contractions, and informal
language (such as informal idiomatic expressions or informal phrasal verbs).

Poor punctuation. Some candidates do not punctuate their sentences correctly. Make sure
you end your sentence with a full stop and not a comma. Also, make sure that the pronoun
I is written in upper case and not lower case (i) as is the practice among some candidates.

5.2 Students Tips


General Guidelines for Directed Writing

Read the question carefully. Identify your task, your role and your audience.

Use the 45 minutes allocated for this question wisely.

Plan your essay and organize your thoughts (this includes what to write and how to
elaborate on points)

Include an introduction and a conclusion and make sure your paragraphs are well
organized.

Use all content points given. It is advisable to cross out the points you have used, so that
no point is left out.

Include points of your own only if you are asked to. Otherwise, do not waste precious
time doing so because you will not get any extra marks.

Elaborate on the points given. Write 2-3 sentences to elaborate on each point.
Remember a crucial aspect of this paper is language and your ability to write can only be
tested if you provide sufficient language for the examiner to gauge your linguistic ability.

Use a variety of sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous.

Always read through what you have written. Correct grammatical, spelling and punctuation
errors.
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5.3 Sample Essays And Practices


Sample essay and practice 1
Articles
General guidelines
1. Articles are pieces of writing giving information, advice or suggestions to the readers.
2. They are usually written for the school magazine or school newsletter.
3. The tone and style are formal.
4. An articles format
a) Title can be taken from the rubric
b) Writers name Just write By, and then followed by your name just below the title.
c) The people who are going to read the article.
Question
Many students feel that they have too many things to do in one day. Many of them really do
not manage their time wisely and end up not completing their homework or school projects on
time. You want to make a few suggestions on how they can manage their time in a better and
more effective way.
Write an article for your school magazine giving your suggestions on how to manage time.
Include the following points.

Change attitude
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Pay attention in class

Try to complete as much homework as possible during school hours

Make a To do list

Set priorities right

Set a realistic target for examination

Plan a personal timetable

Make time for rest and relaxation

Join study groups

Seek help from parents, teachers or friends

Speak to school counsellor

Stay happy and healthy

When writing the article, you should remember to:


-

Include the title

Include the writers name

Include all the points given

Write in the format of an article

Sample Answer
How to Manage Time
By Albert Moss
Today many students feel that they have too many things to do in one day. Many of
them really do not manage their time wisely and end up not completing their homework or
school projects on time. So, here I would like to give some suggestions to students on how to
manage time.
Firstly, students must change their attitude. Next, students should pay attention in
class. Thirdly, students must try to complete as much homework as possible during
school hours. Furthermore students can make a To do list.
Students ought to set their priorities right. Students should set a realistic target for
their coming examination. Furthermore, students can plan a personal timetable. Students
must also make time for rest and relaxation.
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Students can join study groups. All students should seek help from parents,
teachers or friends if needed. Students should speak to the school counsellor if
necessary. Finally students should be happy and healthy when they spend their time
wisely.
Examination Tips
1. Introduction of the article can be taken from the rubric as shown in the sample.

2. All students need to do is to add the phrase students followed by a modal, in front of
the given content points to create meaningful sentences.
e.g Students should, Students must etc.
3. Use conjunctions and sequence connectors
Practice 1
You are asked to write an article for your school magazine Your article is on Disciplinary
Problems in Schools. In your article, you also suggest ways to overcome the problems.
Below are some notes you have made.
Problems

Playing truant cutting classes, loitering in shopping complexes, frequenting cybercafes


during school hours

Smoking in toilets, behind the bushes, cutting classes to smoke

Bullying intimidating, beating, extorting money

Vandalism destroying school property, graffiti

Gangsterism involved in gangs, fighting, recruiting juniors

Suggestions to overcome the problems

Counselling

Joining voluntary organization

Being active in games and societies


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Doing part-time job

Taking up a hobby

Intervention by parents

Do remember:

To give a title

That your audience are students

To use all the notes given above

To write in paragraphs

Sample essay and practice 2


Speech/Talk
General guidelines
1.
a.
b.
c.
2.
3.
4.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
5.
a.
b.
c.
-

Read questions and notes to understand situation. Determine:


Type of speech thank you/farewell/informative
Main idea/theme of speech pollution/safety/smoking/dumping babies
Who is your audience? students, teachers, club members
Identify the relevant points in the questions.
Elaborate on the points. Give examples.
Know the format of the speech:
Address the audience
Introduce yourself
State the topic
Conclude by summarizing all the points
Thank the audience
Some useful expressions
Opening.
Good morning/afternoon/evening to the Principal, teachers..
A very good morning I bid to the Chairman, teachers and my fellow friends.
Beginning.
Today, I would like to talk about.
I am Adiba bt Kassim and this morning I wish to talk about..
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to talk about.
Closing
I hope I have given you all the information on..Thank you
Finally, let me end my speech by..

115

Question
As the President of the Environment Club, you have been asked by your teacher to give a
speech to all students in your school on how they can help to reduce environmental
problems. In your speech, include the following notes:

HOW TO REDUCE
ENVIRONMENTAL
PROBLEMS

Reduce energy
usage
Do not waste
electricity
Use products that
have timers
Use energy
saving appliances

Reduce air pollution


Avoid open
burning
Use unleaded
petrol
Practise car
pooling

Reduce waste
Use environmental
friendly products
Use recycled
materials
Use washable
items

When writing your speech text, you should remember to:


use the appropriate greeting and closing
116

state the purpose of the speech


use all the notes given
write in paragraphs

Sample Answer
Good morning to the Principal, teachers and friends. My name is Labu bin Labi from
class 5 Science. As the President of the Environment Club, I have been asked by my teacher
to give a speech to all students in my school on how they can help to reduce
environmental problems.
Firstly, we have to reduce energy usage. Do not waste electricity. For example we
must switch off the lights and fans before we leave the classroom. We should use products
that have timers so they will switch off automatically when the time is up. We should also
use energy saving appliances like light bulbs and many others.
Secondly, we have to reduce air pollution. For example, we should avoid open
burning. It is better to bury than to burn rubbish in the open. We should also use unleaded
petrol for our cars. It is also good to practise car pooling to work. Fewer cars on the road
means less traffic and less pollution.
Thirdly, we have to reduce waste. We must use environmental friendly products
that do not harm the environment. We should also use recycled materials like paper bags
instead of plastic bags. We should also use washable items to reduce waste.
That is all for now. Thank you everyone for listening.

Examination Tips
1. Remind students to write an appropriate greeting according to the question requirement.
2. All points should be written in complete sentences in order to be awarded marks for
content points.
117

3. Remind students to write simple sentences instead of lengthy ones to avoid grammar
mistakes.
4. Giving examples is considered as an elaboration.

Practice 2(a) - Speech


As the President of The Road Safety Club, you have been asked by your teacher to give a
speech to all students in your school on how motorists cause accidents and suggest some
ways to reduce these accidents.
Use the notes below to guide you.
Causes
Turning without signalling
Switching lanes, traffic jams - highways
Breaking traffic rules after midnight
Weaving in and out of traffic
Beating traffic lights
Underaged motorists
Speeding in housing estates
Ways to reduce accidents
Vehicle - in good condition
Traffic police - peak hours, after midnight
More speed traps
Impose heavier fines
Road safety campaign - raise awareness
In your speech, remember to:
provide a title
use all the information above
118

add two other ways to reduce accidents

Practice 2(b) Talk


Many students in your school complain that they are stressed. As the President of the Health
Club in your school, you have been asked to give a talk during assembly. You have made a
list of the reasons given by these students and you would like to give them some suggestions
on how to cope with their problem.
Use the following notes to write your talk.

Causes
- long hours spent at school
- too much homework
- too many projects
- frequent exams
- tuition classes
- high expectations from parents
- lack of sleep

Suggestions
- have a positive outlook
- plan a timetable
- study consistently
- have manageable goals
- exercise regularly

When writing out your talk, you should remember to:

address your audience


state the purpose of the talk
use all the points given
end your talk appropriately

119

Sample essay and practice 3


Report
General guidelines
1. A report gives information to a particular person or group.
2. It has to be formal and concise
3. The content is inclusive of facts and opinions.
4. Types of report:
a. Report of an incident
b. Report on activity or event
c. Report on a survey
d. Newspaper report

Basic format
Report On__________________________________
To

: ( to whom the report is directed to )

From : ( the person who writes the report )


_______________

Date :

Facts and elaboration.

Conclusion

Reported by,
signature

120

Question
You are the Secretary of the Environment Club in your school. Your club has successfully
organized Environment Week in your school. Write a report to the principal about the event.
Include the following information in your report:
Duration
3rd 7th March 2011
Objectives
raise awareness
beautify school compound

ENVIRONMENT
WEEK

Activities
paint murals
plant trees
recycle old newspapers
poster drawing competition
speech by invited guest
Advantages
create conducive environment
instill love for nature
foster closer relationship
develop co-operation

When writing the report, you should remember to:


give the report a title
address the report accordingly
provide an appropriate ending
use all the information given
write in paragraphs
121

SAMPLE ANSWER
To:

Principal
SMK Gemilang
From: Secretary
The Environment Club
Environment Week In My School
The Environment Club in my school has successfully organized an Environment Week.
The duration of the Environment Week was from 3rd - 7th March 2011.
The first objective of the programme was to raise awareness about the environment
among the students. The second objective was to beautify the school compound with as
many plants as possible.
There were many activities organized by the Environment Club during the week.
Students painted colourful murals on the wall about environment. They also planted trees
around the school with the help of the school gardeners. They brought old newspapers from
home to be sent for recycling. They took part in poster drawing competition on
environment and they also listened to a speech by an invited guest during the closing
ceremony.
The advantages of the Environment Week are as follows. Firstly. it creates
conducive environment to the students. Secondly, it instils love for nature in everyone.
Thirdly, it fosters closer relationship between students and teachers in the school. Fourthly,
it develops co-operation among students.
The Environment Week was successful and hopefully the programme will be held
every year as an annual event.
Reported by,
Labu bin Labi
Labu bin Labi

15 March 2011

EXAMINATION TIPS
1. Remind students that they should use the words in the rubric to help them with their
introductory paragraph.
2. All points should be written in complete sentences in order to be awarded marks for
content points.
3. Remind students to write simple sentences instead of lengthy ones to avoid grammar
mistakes.

122

Practice 3
You and your classmates have just returned from a trip to Kuala Lumpur. You are the class
monitor. Write a report to your class teacher about the trip.
Include the following information.
Trip to Kuala Lumpur
Date : 15 - 17 December
Duration: 3 days and 2 nights
No of students : 32
No of teachers: 3
Mode of transport: Bus
Accommodation: Hotel
Cost per person: RM 120.00
Paces of interest:
Art gallery
Shopping complexes
Parks and gardens
Zoos
Museums

When writing the report you should remember to:


give the report a title
address the report accordingly
provide an appropriate ending
use all the information given

123

Sample essay and practice 4


Formal Letter
Basic Format
Nur Adilah bt Mufti
24, Taman Desa Minangkabau
06400 Pokok Sena

The Director,
Municipal Council
P.O. Box 43
063500 Alor Setar
Kedah.

24 APRIL

2011
Dear Sir,
Complaint About Services
With the reference to the above matter, I

2
..

hope.

.
Thank you.
124

Yours faithfully,

125

(a) Letter of complaint


There has been a plan to build a mega shopping complex near the public beach in your
neighbourhood. As a concerned citizen, write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper
protesting against the plan. Write the letter based on the notes below:

A shopping complex already exists


Spoil the beauty of the beach
Increase traffic flow in the area

Project may drive tourists away


Local businesses affected
Social ills will increase

When writing the letter, you should remember to:

Address the letter to the editor of a local newspaper


Use all the notes given
Elaborate all the notes

Sample Answer
Jason James,
5, Kampung Pantai Merdeka,
08100 Pantai Merdeka,
Kedah Darul Aman.

Editor,
The Star,
08000 Sungai Petani,
Kedah Darul Aman.

26 MAY 2011

Dear Sir,
PROTESTING AGAINST A PLAN TO BUILD A MEGA SHOPPING COMPLEX
I am writing this letter on behalf of the residents of Kampung Pantai Merdeka. It has come to
our knowledge that the local authority has already given the green light to build a mega
shopping complex near the public beach of Pantai Merdeka. We are totally against the mega
project. These are our reasons.
2.

Firstly, we do not need a mega shopping complex as a shopping complex already

exists in our area. [Where?] The existing shopping complex is only 1 kilometre from the
proposed site. Secondly, the new shopping complex will spoil the beauty of the beach.
126

[What will happen?] The swaying coconut and casuarina trees will be cut down. Besides,
there will be more rubbish on the white sandy beach.
3.

Next, the project may drive tourists away. [How?] The beach area will be reduced

and the shady areas will be demolished. With the mega project, there will also be an increase
of traffic flow in the area. [How?] [When?] More heavy vehicles such as lorries and trailers
will use the village road throughout the construction period. [What effect?] This will increase
the number of road accidents.
4.

Furthermore, local business will also be affected. [Who are involved?] Ten hawkers

who sell foods and drinks along the beach will be affected. [What are the effects?] They will
lose their income and will be unable to support their families. Finally, we believe social ills
will increase. [How?] The mega shopping complex will have a big cinema and a bowling
arena. These kinds of places may attract more teenagers to loiter and play truant. These may
lead to an increase in social ills.
5.

We appeal to the authorities to shelve their plans without any further delay as it would

mar the beauty of the beach.


Yours faithfully,
Jason James
(JASON JAMES)

Examination Tips
1. Make a simple introduction. Explain more about the location of the neighbourhood.
2. Rewrite the points given in complete sentences. Elaborate each of the points given by giving
simple details. Ask wh-questions to help you to elaborate.
3. Plan the organisation of each point.
4. If you do not have any personal experience regarding the issue, try to be imaginative. Your
imagination may help you to provide some relevant details.

(b): Formal Letter of request


127

The Parent-Teacher Association of your school is organising a food fair to raise funds for
various projects. As the Secretary of the Interact Club, you are in charge of writing a letter to a
fast-food restaurant asking them to sponsor the food.
In your letter, include the following:

date, day, time and venue of the food fair


2 objectives of the food fair learn to share, experience the importance of cooperation
further details about the food fair
- involve all clubs and societies
- expected crowd: 1,000 people
- amount of money to be raised: RM10,000
request for sponsorship of food
request for lucky draw hampers

When writing the letter, you should remember to:

Address the letter to the manager


Use appropriate opening and closing
Include other relevant details

Sample Answer:
Interact Club,
Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Cempaka,
11900 Bayan Lepas,
Pulau Pinang.
The Manager,
KKC Fast Food Sdn. Bhd.,
28, BL Free Trade Zone,
11900 Bayan Lepas,
Pulau Pinang.

12 JULY 2011

Dear Sir,
A REQUEST TO SPONSOR FOOD AND DRINKS FOR THE FOOD FAIR

128

Our school is organising a food fair to raise funds for various projects. Here are the details of
the food fair:
Date : 5 August 2011
Day

: Thursday

Time : 9.00 am 2.00 pm


Venue : School Hall
2.

The food fair has two objectives. First of all, the club aims to encourage the

students to learn to share with others. [How can they share with others?] They must learn
not to be selfish and help others in any way they can. Another objective is to allow students to
experience the importance of cooperation. [With whom will they cooperate?] Through this
food fair we are sure the students will learn how to work with other students of different clubs
and societies.
3.

The followings are further details of the food fair. This project will involve all

clubs and societies. [How many?] So far 12 clubs and 9 societies have confirmed their
participations. They will sell different kinds of foods to the expected crowd which is about
1,000 people. [Who are they?] The fair is open to all the students and their parents. Our
target amount of money to be raised is RM10,000. [Why RM10,000?] We need that
amount of money to organise various projects that will benefit the students.
4.

We would like to make two humble requests here. The first is to request for your sponsorship
of food. [How much? What kind of food?] We really appreciate if you could sponsor 100 pieces of
fried chickens and 100 pieces of fish burgers. There is also a request for your company to sponsor
lucky draw hampers. [How many? What is the cost?] It would be good if you can sponsor 3 hampers.
Each hamper may cost RM20.00 each.

5.

Every member of the Interact Club prays hard that your company would be able to sponsor the
food and hampers. We put a very high hope that you will be part of our fund-raising activity. Your
generosity is truly appreciated.
Yours faithfully,
Ssyyyysweirtv
(SYLVIA DIANA BT WIRA)
Secretary,
Interact Club,

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Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Cempaka.

Examination Tips:
1. Make a simple introduction. Refer to the question for the key ideas to be written in the introduction.
2. Rewrite the points given in complete sentences. Elaborate each of the points given by giving
simple details. Ask wh-questions when giving elaboration. Certain wh-questions are much easier
for you to answer such as when, who, how many and where. Answering why is normally more
challenging.
3. Plan the organisation of each point.

Practice 4
Letter of complaint
There are a few matters in your school which could be improved. You and your classmates
have had a meeting and decided to write a formal letter of complaint to the principal. As the
class monitor, you have been asked to write the letter.
In your letter, include the following:
Classroom:

Unsafe wooden chairs


Fans not working

Toilets:

Broken doors
Unhygienic

Canteen:

Limited choices of foods


High price of foods

When writing the letter, you should remember to:

Set out the letter correctly


Use all the notes given
Elaborate each note appropriately

Sample essay and practice 5


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Informal Letter
General guidelines
1. Informal letter is written to pen pals, friends, relatives and family members.
2. The format of an informal letter has the following features.
a) Senders address
b) Date any form but avoid writing in the formal form 30 August 2011
Both a) and b) must be written on the top right-hand corner of the letter
c) Salutation on the left hand side of the letter Dear mum, Dear sister,
d) Start your letter asking about the receivers well-being How are you?
e) If you are replying a letter you may start like this I received your letter
f) State the purpose of your letter I am writing this letter because.
g) Closing Yours sincerely (for friends, pen-pals, etc.), Your loving daughter, etc.
Do not use Yours faithfully as it is used for formal letter.
3. Three marks are usually awarded for format although there are more than 3 features.
4. Write your letter in 3 - 4 paragraphs.
5. Informal language can be used in an informal letter Ive, dad, mum, sis, be happy,
etc.
6. Do not use sms language such as u for you and b4 for before

7.
Basic Format
Muhammad Akiff bin
Azizan,
No. 4, Taman Desa
Impian,
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06350 Naka,
12 April 2011
Dear Hani,
I have just received your letter
...

..
Yours sincerely,
Akif
Question
Your father wants to buy a computer but he is not sure whether it is better to buy a laptop or a
desktop computer. He asks for your opinion. After doing some research, you come up with
some information on both computers.
Using the notes given below, write an informal letter to your father stating your choice and
supporting it with reasons.

LAPTOP COMPUTER
Portable

DESKTOP COMPUTER
Cheaper

Slim and light

Easier to upgrade

Can function on battery

Harder to steal

More expensive

Bulkier- difficult to carry around

More fragile

Require more space

Easier to steal

Rely

on

direct

supply

of

electricity

When writing out your letter, you should remember to include the following:

To state your choice

To make comparisons
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To state the purpose of the letter

To give appropriate greeting and closing

Use all the points given

SAMPLE ANSWER
122,Taman Pearlview Avenue,
High Tech Park,
09000 Kulim,
Kedah Darul Aman.
30/8/10
Dear father,
How are you over there? I hope you are fine. I am doing okay here. I am writing this
letter to let you know about my opinion on whether to buy a laptop or a desktop computer. I
think you should buy a desktop computer.
Firstly, desktop computers are cheaper. They are also easier to be upgraded. It is
harder to steal desktop computers because they are heavy.
However they have some weaknesses too. They are bulkier and difficult to be
carried around. They also require more space and rely on direct supply of electricity.
On the other hand, laptops are portable, slim and light and can function on
battery. However I do not recommend it to you because laptops are more expensive and
fragile. Besides, they are easier for people to steal.
I hope that I have been helpful. I know that you will make a right choice. If you still have
doubts, feel free to contact me again. Till then. Goodbye .
Your loving son / daughter,
signature
..
EXAMINATION TIPS
1. Refer to other model letters to see how the given content points are constructed into
meaningful sentences.

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2. Sentences need not be long.


3. Just add phrases like They are or Desktop computers to the given content points.
4. Remember there would be 12 content points and it is easy to get marks for all the
content points.
5. End your letter in a friendly, informal manner Well, till we meet again, Goodbye.
Practice 5
You have a cousin who lives in Kuala Lumpur. You have decided to organize a trip there for
you and your classmates during the second term holidays. Write a letter to your cousin
informing him or her of your plan.
In your letter, ask your cousin to help you rent rooms at a hostel. You should also include the
following informations:
Details of your visit

Date
Number of people going
Number of days you intend to stay there
Number of rooms required
Budget for the rooms per day

What you plan to do

Visit:
Kuala Lumpur Tower
National Zoo
Science Centre
Putrajaya
Tour the city
Go shopping at KLCC

When writing the letter, you should remember to:


-

Use suitable format


Use all the informations given above
Elaborate on what you plan to do

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6 CONTINUOUS WRITING
6.1 Teachers Notes
Narrative essays are a favourite among students as they are easier to handle. This type of essay
enables the writer to use and share experiences with the readers.
1. Students must read the question carefully and know exactly what they are supposed to write.

135

2. Ask the students to decide whether to write their essay from their own perspective or someone
elses. The first person or third person singular is the most popular choice.
3. Students should use a simple plot. Asking students wh-questions will help them to develop
ideas. Advise them to list in chronological order.
4. Students should use the past tense forms.
5. Encourage the students to include adjectives and adverbs.
6. Students may also use dialogue.
STUDENTS TIPS
WRITING A NARRATIVE ESSAY
A narrative is a story with a sequence of connected events. It could be about a personal experience or
an imagined event or events.
Let us look at some typical examination questions:
1. Write a story of a man who returns to his home after many years.
2. The day I lost my temper.
3. Write a story ending with, I shall never forget this day for the rest of my life.
4. Write about an occasion when you got into trouble.
5. Write a story beginning with, I could not believe my eyes.
How do I write a narrative essay for the examination?
ACTION PLAN: (1 hour)
A. Planning = 15 minutes
B. Writing = 35 minutes
C. Checking = 10 minutes
This is how we do it.
A. PLANNING
Lets say you have chosen question 3, - Write a story ending with, I shall never forget this day for the
rest of my life.
1. Read the question carefully and underline important phrases. Pay particular attention to the
ending.
2. Brainstorm for ideas by using the 5Ws and 1H approach and jot down notes.
Who is the character?
When is the event taking place?
Where is it happening?
What is happening?
Why is there a problem?
How is the problem solved?
Example:

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Introduction
Who - main character, first person narrator (I) and cousin from Cambodia
When - holidays, one Sunday
Body
What
Why

- had to accompany cousin


- cousin loved riding escalators

Problem 1

Where - at the shopping centre


Why - riding escalators again

Problem 2

Who
What
How
Why

Problem 3

- main character
- nearly had an accident
- stumbled
- tried to escape from cousin

Climax

Conclusion
What lesson learnt gratitude

B. WRITING THE ESSAY


Now that you have got the skeleton of your story, it is time to begin writing.
1. Use linkers and phrases which link the events to move your story in a chronological order.
Some phrases that are suitable :
It was very dark.
I will never forget ..
A few minutes later.
Suddenly,
When the disaster happened, ..
2. Use the past tense forms. Check all the verbs you have used.
3. Use descriptive language (adjectives, adverbs)
4. Use sensory details to reveal the events and to get the readers involved. Do not merely tell but
show the events through words and phrases.
Example:
a. I went into the restaurant.
b. I walked into the restaurant.
c. I sauntered into the restaurant.

5. Sentence a: merely states that I went into the restaurant


Sentence b: gives a little more information as to how I went into the restaurant.
Sentence c: uses a more specific word to show clearly the idea of how I went into
the restaurant.

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Sentence c. allows the reader to see what I am doing. The word sauntered means to stroll. It
gives the image of a person walking slowly into the restaurant. Thus, sentence c. is more effective
in narrative and descriptive writing.
6. Use direct speech, but use it sparingly and effectively. Remember, you are writing a narrative,
not a script.
7. Avoid using informal language
C. CHECKING
Read your essay once through and check for the following things:

Is the spelling accurate?


Is the punctuation appropriate? Did you use too many commas in a sentence?
Did you vary the sentence structure? Are your sentences too long?
Does one thought follow the next in a logical order?
Did you stick to the topic? Did you use words so that your reader could experience the
incident?
Did you use the appropriate tense of the verb throughout?
Make any corrections neatly.

WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY


Writing a descriptive essay is perhaps more difficult than writing a narrative essay because it makes
more demands on ones use of language. In a descriptive essay, you need to give a detailed
description of a person, place, object, experience or memory. Your description must be so effective
that the person, place, object, experience or memory described is clearly visualised by the reader.
If you are describing a person, the reader should feel that he knows the person well. If it is a place that
is described, the reader should feel as if he is there and seeing it with his very eyes. How can this be
achieved? Through the use of details that appeal to your readers senses and a lively tone that draws
his emotions.
Techniques in Descriptive Writing
STEPS
A. PLANNING
1. Read the question carefully. (eg. An Unforgettable Character)
2. Understand the question.
a. What does the phrase Unforgettable Character mean?
He/She is a person you will always remember.
b. What is your focus?
A favourable or unfavourable impression of the character.
3. Brainstorm for ideas. Expand and elaborate the points.
Introduction
Who is being describe

- the canteen lady

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Body
Detail 1

Detail 2

Detail 3

- General Appearance
Neat
Height short
Age 50
The way she walked - limps
- Non-physical features
Manners of speaking gentle, low voice
Habit smiled a lot
- Why she is unforgettable
Kind - art lesson
- the way she treated a bully
Keenness to learn the way she read newspapers even though
she was illiterate

Conclusion
Give an opinion not a person to sit back and let things go by
B. WRITING THE ESSAY
1. Use details Focus on the five senses (sight, sound, smell, taste and touch). Details are very
important and when properly used, enable descriptions to come to life. Use nouns, adjectives
and verbs to evoke these senses. Nouns and adjectives help the reader see; verbs help the
reader feel.
2. Use a lively tone Show your own feelings, responses and reactions as these make your
description more vivid and lively.
3. Describe different aspects If you are describing a person, do not limit your description to the
persons physical appearance. Include a detailed description of the persons character and
personality and how other people react to him. Include a detailed paragraph of an incident
which highlights one of these aspects.
Lets look at the two extracts below on the topic An Unforgettable Aunt.
Sample 1
Aunt Eleanor had a sharp nose and a pair of black eyes. She was thin, and had a thin, long
face, an aquiline nose and sunken cheeks. Her hair was always tied in a knot and her clothes
were only of one colour grey. My cousins and I were afraid of her and always found an
excuse to disappear whenever she was around.
Sample 2
Aunt Eleanor was thin and scrawny and her protruding bones almost made her look like a
walking skeleton. Her aquiline nose and sunken cheeks added to her witch-like looks and her
dark eyes, when they flashed in anger, were capable of sending tremors of fear down ones
spine. The dreary grey tones of her clothes and her sparse dark hair, which was always tied in
a knot, further emphasised her sternness. My cousins and I cringed with fear and were

139

reduced to silence when she glared at us with her smouldering dark eyes. Her serious
demeanour and scrooge-like appearance did nothing to endear her to us.

Sample 1 is a plain description of the narrators aunt. Although there are several verbs and
adjectives, the description is somewhat dull. Sample 2, on the other hand, is a vivid and interesting
description which brings the character to life. We can almost see her in our minds eye and this
effect is achieved through the description of the persons features that are prominent and striking.

Note the details about


- her overall physical appearance (thin, skeleton-like)
- her facial features (aquiline nose, sunken cheeks, dark eyes)
- her manner of dressing and grooming (dreary grey tones, tight bun)
- feelings stirred by her appearance (tremors of fear, reduced to silence, cringed with fear).
The description of her physical appearance supports and reinforces her character and personality,
and this makes the essay interesting and engaging.

Some writers like to merge descriptive writing with narrative writing. There is nothing wrong with
this as the description enriches the narration.

C. CHECKING
Read your essay once through and check for the following things:
Is the spelling accurate?
Is the punctuation appropriate? Did you use too many commas in a sentence?
Did you vary the sentence structure? Are your sentences too long?
Does one thought follow the next in a logical order?
Did you stick to the topic?
Did you use the appropriate tense of the verb throughout? Make any corrections neatly.
Sample Essay 1
Write a story beginning with, I was happy to be in Group 10........................
I was happy to be in Group 10. There were six members in my group. There were three other
boys and six girls. All of them, just like me, were happy to take part in the district level language camp.
The camp was held at a two-star hotel in Ipoh. We did not have to pay anything. Everything was
sponsored.
The members in my group came from different secondary schools in the district. But all of us
were form 5 students. We were chosen to join the language camp because we had the potential to
score an A in the SPM 1119 examination.

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Seri, from SMK Seri Permai, was our group leader. Seri was a very pretty girl. I had a crush on
her. I knew the other boys also admired Seri. We named our group Seri Bombastic. In the first activity,
we created our groups logo, motto and song. When we presented our song, everybody liked it. Then,
there was a talk on how to answer examination questions.
On the second day, we had several language games. We had spelling competition, vocabulary
game, sketch and many others. Our group won the sketch competition. We presented a very good
performance. We presented a story about a princess who fell in love with a fisherman. Seri played the
role of a princess and of course I was the poor but handsome fisherman. The activities went on until
10.00 p.m. We were very tired but enjoyed ourselves a lot.
On the third day we had a jungle trekking in a forest nearby the hotel. All instructions were
given in English. We also had to solve some problems and answer tricky questions throughout the
trekking activity. It was very challenging.
The camp ended with a simple closing ceremony. Each participant was given a certificate. After
going through all the activities I felt more confident that I would be able to get an A for English in my
SPM. I would also miss my group members, especially Seri. I would never forget them. We promised
that we would continue to contact each other. Seri also promised to help me improve my English.
Sample 2
A Visit To A Hospital
Yesterday, I followed my father to visit my uncle who was hospitalised at a private hospital. We
left home at about 5.00 p.m. and reached the hospital at 6.15 p.m. The private hospital was a new
hospital. It was opened two months ago.
My uncle suffered from chronic diabetes. Two days ago he came to the hospital for his regular
check-up but the doctor had to admit him because his sugar level was very high. The doctor had to
monitor him all the time. He would be allowed to go home once his sugar level stabilised.
My uncles ward was at the fifth floor. The lift was very spacious and fast. A nurse, who was my
mothers old friend, greeted my father. She told us that my uncle was doing fine. After talking to the
nurse for a while we went to Room 515. My uncle was very happy to see my father and me. A young
Egyptian doctor was examining my uncle at that time. The doctor said that my uncle was getting better
and he would be discharged soon.
My father chitchatted with my uncle for almost one hour. I felt bored so I went out of the room
to explore the new hospital. I went to the hospital lobby. It was like a hotel lobby. There was a long list
of specialists and their academic qualifications on the wall. Altogether, the hospital had 35 specialists
and some of them were foreigners.
Then, I went to the cafe. I was surprised as the cafe was like a five-star restaurant. They
served a variety of healthy dishes. But I would not eat there on my own as a plate of fried rice alone
was RM7.50! Even a glass of plain water cost RM1.00! Initially, I planned to have something there but
I just walked out as I only had RM2.15 in my pocket.
When I was waiting for the lift to go back to the fifth floor, a woman cried hysterically with her
daughter. From her words, I understood that she had just lost her husband. I did not say a word but I
sympathised them, especially her cute and charming daughter. I wish I could console her daughter.
But before I could offer some help, the door of the lift opened and my father appeared. He indicated it
was time to go home so I just followed him. I walked to the main entrance while my eyes still looking at
the girl.

Sample 3
My Favourite Restaurant

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Last week, the SPM result was announced. The night before, I could not sleep. I was very
nervous. I was scared I did not get a good result because my parents were really hoping that I could
go to university. I went to school to collect my result with my parents. My hands were shaking when I
held the result slip. My class teacher congratulated me. I looked at my result and hugged my father
and mother. I got 5A+, 1A and 4A-. Even though I was not the best student in my school, I was very
happy with my result. My parents were very proud of me.
That night, my father took me and the rest of the family members to my favourite restaurant,
Bamboo Restaurant. It was only five kilometres from my house. The restaurant was opened three
years ago. I liked the restaurant very much because it offered a wide range of local, Thai and western
foods. I would always try different dishes each time I went there. All the customers said the restaurant
was very spacious. Some said Bamboo Restaurant was the biggest restaurant in town.
When we arrived at the restaurant, I saw a big crowd. My father took some time to park his car.
My mother said, We have a surprise for you! I insisted my mother to tell me about the surprise but
she just asked me to be patient. My family and I walked to a room which my father booked for us. The
room was quite big and it could accommodate more than 50 people. When I opened the door, I saw
many people standing while clapping their hands happily. They were my grandparents, uncles,
aunties, cousins and immediate neighbours. I was really surprised to see my girlfriend with her parents
too! Everybody congratulated me for my SPM result.
I was deeply touched. I hugged my parents for organising such a dinner to celebrate my
success. I sat beside Mimi, my girlfriend. She gave a gift but I had to promise her to open it at home.
My father ordered my most favourite dish for all of us chicken chop with black pepper sauce. We
also had garlic bread, salad and crab meat soup. I always told my friends to come to Bamboo
Restaurant if they wanted to taste the best chicken chop in town.
It was a long night at my favourite restaurant. My cousins sang a Justin Biebers song for me.
My grandparents sponsored prizes for lucky draw. In short, we had so much fun at the restaurant. It
was really a memorable night.

Sample 4
The Day When Everything Went Wrong
I had just started working as a despatch boy at an international company in Kuala Lumpur. The
job was not great but I accepted it after failing to get a job in my hometown, Kuala Nerang. Actually,
my neighbours son who was staying in Kuala Lumpur recommended me for the job. Living in a big
city was totally different from living in Kuala Nerang. But, whatever it was, Kuala Nerang was still in my
heart.
After six months working, I began to fall in love with Lisa, a clerk at a primary school. One day,
I approached her at a coffee shop. She was having lunch alone. I joined her. She was very happy and
really welcomed me to accompany her. Nothing much happened on that day but we just talked. We
got to know each other better. After lunch, I asked her if she would be interested to watch a movie with
me on the coming weekend. I was surprised when she gave me a definite Yes!. From that day, we
became closer and love began to bloom between us.
Lisa confessed to me that she was worried about what some other people might say to me
because she was ten years older than me. But I convinced her that age was not important to me.
What was more important was her sincerity and happy-going attitude. Lisa believed in me. She knew I
truly loved her. So, one day she asked me to meet her parents.
On one Sunday, I went to Lisas house. I was supposed to be there at 9.00 am. However, I only
reached her house at 11.00 am. My motorcycle broke down once I left my house. I did not know why I
was so stupid not to take a taxi but waited for two hours to get my motorcycle repaired. It was
supposed to be an important day in my life but everything went wrong. I also left my mobile phone at
home. I borrowed the mechanics mobile phone to inform Lisa about what happened to me but I just
could not recall her contact number. My mind went blank.

142

When I reached her house at 11.00 am, I could see her parents unhappy faces. Their
conversation with me was very limited. I was confident they were not listening to me when I was
explaining about what happened to me. To make it worse, I left a box of chocolate, which I promised to
give to Lisas mother, at the workshop.
I knew Lisa was frustrated with me but she still treated me well. Lisa served tea and some
curry puffs. I was very hungry as I missed my breakfast so I kept eating them one after another. Lisas
parents were speechless to see my act. When I saw their shocking faces, only then I slowly put back
the curry puff in my hand into the plate. It was the last piece.
After that, I asked for permission to go to the washroom as I really had to answer natures call.
I was too clumsy. I fell in the washroom as the floor was slippery. My pants were soaking wet. I did not
know what to do so I stayed in the washroom for about fifteen minutes. Finally, I came out with my wet
pants. I quickly said goodbye to Lisa and her parents and left the house. It was truly a day when
everything went wrong.

Sample 5
Examination
This morning I sent my son to school. It was the first day of his SPM examination. My son,
Dean, was a diligent boy. Unlike me when I was his age, he did not need any motivation to study for
examination. He was able to manage his own time very well. He made his own timetable. Dean knew
when to study, play, watch television and go out to have fun with his friends.
I really saluted him for his independence and maturity. I respected him because I was very
much different from him when I was 17 years old. When I was in Form 5, I was a lazy student.
Perhaps, the laziest in my family and in class. My parents especially my mother was always angry with
me when she came back from work and saw me sleeping in my room.
Even my teachers in school did not know what to say to advise me to study for my SPM
examination. Mr. Nick, my History teacher, always punished me for my laziness. I had never
completed his History notes and exercises. My Chemistry teacher, Madam Beh, could not even look at
my face. She gave up on me.
I really did not have any idea how could I prepare for my examination. I realised I could not
blame anybody but myself. I was the one who refused to listen to all the advice given by my parents,
teachers as well as friends. Even when the school organised motivational talks and study skills
seminar, I would find ways and create excuses not to attend the programme.
I only picked up my revision books and began to study two months before the examination. My
mother was surprised to see me with SPM books around me. She just could not believe her eyes. She
did not say a word but gave me a hug while shedding tears. I promised her that though it could be too
late for me to prepare for my SPM, I promised my mother that I would still try my best. For two months,
I did all I could for my SPM examination.
The result was announced several months later. Of course, I did not get straight As but I did
not fail in any subject. My parents were not happy with my result. Me too. I learnt my lesson well.

Sample Essay 6

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The day that I will never forget


One evening when the sun was about to set, my mother asked me to buy some onions and
salt from a nearby sundry shop. The shop is run by Ah Kow, a jovial middle-age Chinese man with a
huge pot-belly. His wife and three young children, two boys and a girl help him everyday.
It was almost completely dark when I reached the shop. Ah Kow had switched on the lights in
his small but adequately stocked shop. He was alone at that time and I was the only customer. Ah
Kow greeted me with a warm smile. I always want to ask him how he kept his teeth so sparkling white
but I was afraid to ask. I told him what I wanted and he went to get the things.
Next door to Ah Kow is a coffee shop, owns by an Indian man. It was still open at that time.
From the coffee shop came two men. They came into Ah Kows shop. I could smell bad breathe from
these two men and I knew they both drunk. Both of them were young but from the way they halfwalked half-staggered into the shop, it was obvious they had too much drink. I kept a safe distance
from these men. It is never a good idea to be near drunks. One never knows what they will do next.
True enough, my caution was justified. For the next moment, without any warning, one of the
men swept a pile of tinned goods from a table onto the floor. In a second the neat rows were reduced
to utter chaos. The man who did it roared but in laughter. I could see Ah Kows anger rising. He raised
his voice. As if in reply to his retort, the two men started shouting at him. Then, suddenly a knife
appeared in one of the mens hand. The man that held the knife was small and wiry, judging from the
muscles in his hand and I had no doubt he was very strong
The knife-man lunged and in a flash he had the point of his knife at Ah Kows throat. Ah Kow
froze and his face paled. I was overwhelmed by the suddenness of events that the next thing I knew I
could not move my hands, nor the other parts of my body. I was held in a vice-like grip by the other
man. I did not even see him coming. I struggled but all I could do was to make the grip tighten more. It
got difficult to breathe.
I hears a lot of shouting and I could see the knife=men slapping Ah Kow. Reluctantly, Ah Kow
opened the drawer where he kept his cash and the knife-man leaned over and made a grab of cash.
That was a big mistake he made. For a fleeting moment, his knife was forgotten and in that short time
Ah Kow seized his chance. Ah Kows huge right hand came down hard over the back of the leaning
mans head right down hard on the table. There was a sickening thud when face met table. The knifemans head rebounded like a rubber ball from the table and I could see blood all over his face. He was
badly hurt. The knife dropped from lifeless hands on the floor.
Moving with surprising speed, Ah Kow grabbed a bottle of tomato ketchup from a shelf and
knocked the mans head. The red tomato ketchup splattered all over the place. I could not distinguish
how much of the red stuff on the mans face was his own blood, or tomato ketchup. Slowly he sank to
the floor and lay still.
I struggled to get loose. It felt so easy. Then I realized that hands no longer held me. I turned
around and saw the dark figure of a man running out of the shop and disappearing to the semidarkness. I was about to go in pursuit but
Ah Kow stopped me. He said it was useless pursuing somebody in the dark. Moreover the man could
be armed and that would be dangerous.
Ten minutes later, the shop was filled with curious people wanting to know what had happened.
The knife-man was herded in the police car. Ah Kow and I had to give our statements to the police.
When I arrived home half an hour later, my mother was waiting impatiently for me. I told her
everything and she smiled. She said she was glad I was not injured. I will never forget for the rest of
my life.

Sample Essay 7
My Favourite Holiday Destination

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My favourite holiday destination is Langkawi, which is made up of 99 islands on Malaysias


west coast. It is the countrys best-known holiday destination. Surrounded by stunning turquoise sea, it
is the most popular and is frequented by both local and foreign tourists.
The sightseeing attractions in Langkawi certainly will not disappoint visitors. One of the
interesting places I love to go is the Underwater World Malaysias largest aquarium which features
200 different species of marine and freshwater creatures. It is located at Langkawis most popular
beach, Pantai Cenang, where visitors can enjoy the varieties of water sports or simply strolling along
the white sandy beach.
Mahsuris Tomb is another tourist attraction which preserves the historical past of Langkawi.
This memorial is built in honour of Mahsuri, a fair maiden who was accused of adultery and unjustly
put to death. According to legend, she bled white blood as a sign of her innocence and she cursed
Langkawi for seven generations. Besides, you can visit the Gamat Factory nearby where you can
purchase a wide variety of this traditional Malay medicine. Just 5 kilometers away from Mahsuris
Tomb, the Field of Burnt Rice is another must-visit place. It is believed that when the Siamese army
invaded Langkawi, the local chief ordered that all the rice in the land be cut and burnt to prevent it
from falling into enemy hands. To this day you can purportedly still see the burnt rice on the ground
during heavy rain-fall.
Your visit to Langkawi is not complete without experiencing the gondola ride at Oriental Village,
home of the cable car. It takes you from the foot of Gunung Machinchang to its apex. From the peak,
you will get a birds eye view of Langkawis thick greenery and also the Telaga Tujuh waterfalls.
If you are a nature lover, you can enjoy a glimpse of the lush flora and fauna of the Kilim
Nature Park. This trip will take you on a fascinating journey to explore the parks natural inhabitants as
well as its natural limestone caves.
Finally, if you are intent on carting off duty-free perfumes, imported dishes, batik and
chocolates, then this is the place to be. There are many shops offering these items at good prices,
especially in Kuah Town. It is indeed a shopping heaven especially for ladies.
Langkawi is definitely my favorite holiday destination. Besides being a duty-free island and
beautiful tourist spots to go, it is a place where I can relax and feel as if I am in another world. I will
definitely spend my holidays in Langkawi again.

Sample Essay 8

Internet

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The Internet or the World Wide Web is indeed a wonderful and amazing addition in our lives.
The Internet can be known as a kind of global meeting place where people from all parts of the world
can come together. However, there are advantages and disadvantages of using the internet.
One of the things that you can do via the Internet is e-mail. With e-mail you can send and
receive instant electronic messages, which works like writing letters. Your messages are delivered
instantly to people anywhere in the world, unlike traditional mail that takes a lot of time. There are also
many chat rooms on the web that can be accessed to meet new people, make new friends, as well as
to stay in touch with old friends. It is a great way to meet up with people of similar interest and discuss
common issues.
Information is probably the biggest advantage internet is offering. Any kind of information on
any topic under the sun is available on the Internet. The search engines on the Internet can help you
to find data on any subject that you need. Along with getting information on the Internet, you can also
shop online. There are many online stores and sites that can be used to look for products as well as
buy them using your credit card. You do not need to leave your house and can do all your shopping
from the convenience of your home.
Besides, we can also download software from internet. This is one of the most happening and
fun things to do via the Internet. You can download games, music, videos, movies, and a host of other
entertainment software from the Internet, most of which are free.
However, there are certain cons and dangers relating to the use of Internet. If you use the
Internet, your personal information can be accessed by other people. If you use a credit card to shop
online, then your credit card information can also be stolen which could be akin to giving someone a
blank check. Besides, pornography is a very serious issue concerning the Internet, especially when it
comes to young children. There are thousands of pornographic sites on the Internet that can be easily
found and can be harmful to children.
Such illegal activities are frustrating for all Internet users, and so instead of just ignoring it, we
should make an effort to try and stop these activities so that using the Internet can become much
safer. In conclusion, the advantages of the Internet far outweigh the disadvantages, and millions of
people each day benefit from using the Internet for work and for pleasure.

Sample Essay 9

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Write a story beginning with, I could not believe my eyes


I could not believe my eyes as I saw the skinny lady who was walking slowly towards the
medicine counter. She looked old, haggard and depressed. She looked so familiar to me, but a
younger, happier version. There was no way I could be wrong.
Quietly, she sat on one of the chairs and waited patiently for her turn to collect her medicine. I
suddenly remembered, it had to be Diana, my best friend in secondary school. But this person looked
too old to be 30. Anyway, I braved myself to approach her. Hearing my footsteps, she looked up
slowly.
You are Diana Yusof, arent you?
She nodded her head silently. Hello, Amira? You are looking good.
Her remarks reminded me of how beautiful she had been once. Diana had been the school
beauty. Everyone had admired her for her looks, her brains and her beautiful character.
One day, Diana had stopped coming to school. No one knew where her family had gone and
why they had left so suddenly.
Taking a seat next to her, I wondered what had happened to her.
Why did you leave so suddenly, Diana? Why?
She looked at me nervously. I could sense that she was reluctant to talk and expose a part of
her life. After a long silence, finally, she started telling me her story.
Her mother had been diagnosed with cancer and there was nothing the doctors could do. They
said that she had only three months to live. Her father decided to return to their hometown, to let her
live in peace.
Her father, distressed by his wifes death, started to neglect his own health and three months
later, he too died, leaving Diana in the care of her aunt.
Tears rolled down Dianas cheeks as she related the difficult years with her aunt. Her aunt
treated her badly. She forced her to quit school and to work at a restaurant. The cruel old lady often
beat her. Her cousins, jealous of her beauty, were nastier than their mother.
Now that the aunt was old, her five children had left her when they realised that she needed
special care. Despite her aunts poor treatment of her, Diana felt sorry for her.
She has no one else, she said. I have promised to take care of her.
I looked at Diana and saw her goodness. Instead of seeing a gaunt and weary figure, I saw an
amazingly beautiful human being. My heart went out to her. Just then, her name was called. She got
up and collected the medicine which, I knew, was for her aunt. Her story reminded me of something
my mother used to say,
Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep.

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Before leaving, Diana turned and smiled sadly at me. I never saw her again after that.

Sample Essay 10
Football / My favourite sport / Interest
Manchester United? Liverpool? Arsenal? Kedah?
It's Tuesday morning. Do you find yourself longing for the weekend? Not because the idea of
having two days off from school, but because your living room television is bombarded by football
matches, both local and international scenes. Football is the greatest sport of all time and has
endured the test of time, dating back to the ancient Greece. Here are the little things that get me
through the week and reasons why I love football.
Firstly, I love football because it is simply far more entertaining than any other sport in the
world. Its the worlds most popular sport, simple. As a sport it is far less predictable than most. Its a
sport where upsets can and do occur on a regular basis. Besides, it is a simple and inexpensive sport
that anyone can play. All you need are shoes and a ball.
Obviously among other reason, my family and I share a love for football which means family
gatherings of watching our favorite teams during football season. My mother would prepare some
crackers and hot, black coffee, allowing us to enjoy the match despites her favourite Malay drama is
playing on the other channel.
Football is also source of national pride. A great example of this is Iraq. Even though their
country was in shreds, they still managed to piece together a national soccer team to represent in the
Olympics. I remember when they came out during the opening ceremony and received a standing
ovation, it was very touching.
It sounds like an old clich, but football really is a sport that unites all. The game of football is
played by more worldwide than any other sport. Therefore, when the World Cup arrive in Brazil in the
summer of 2014, for those two weeks, civil wars will cease and people will gather and watch their
national teams play for the most coveted trophy on the planet.
Its a beautiful thing. I do not like football. I simply love it.

Sample Essay 11
The Person I Admire Most

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The person I admire most is none other than my maternal aunt, Mak Su Midah. She is my
mothers youngest sister. I love Mak Su Midah because she is a responsible and understanding
person.
Mak Su Midah stands 161 cm, with a petite, slim figure. She has fair complexion, smiling eyes
and lustrous, black, shoulder-length hair. Her face is as smooth as silk, and she has rosy cheeks and
pink lips. Being a successful businesswoman, she holds herself very well and has the charm and
grace to go with it. Mak Su Midah owns a chain of bakeries in Johor Bahru. She is a person who
always puts her best foot forward and she is planning to expand her business to other major cities like
Melaka, Seremban and Singapore.
As a single mother, Mak Su Midah always works hard to provide for her three sons. Although
she is busy with her business, she always finds time to spend with them. She makes sure they have
dinner together. During school holidays, Mak Su Midah would also take some time off to take her sons
for a vacation. Her sons are doing very well in school as they are very disciplined and focused. Mak
Su Midah is a good role model not only to me, but also to her sons.
Although she is very successful, Mak Su Midah is very humble, modest and respectful to
everyone. She is also supportive towards her siblings and never fails to help anyone who is in trouble.
Sometime ago, my father was in a financial distress and Mak Su Midah stepped up and helped him to
solve his problem. I have learnt to be like her in this respect. She always says that helping others
brings her joy.
Mak Su Midah is also always understanding and supportive towards me. As a young child, I
used to play with her and I even broke her favourite vase, but she was very patient with me and never
lost her temper. Besides that she always encourages me to study hard and reminds me to stay
focused. She is like a friend to me and also the favourite aunt of all her nephews and nieces.
To me, she is my role model. When I grow up, I want to be like her. That would certainly make
my parents very happy to have a daughter who is not only successful, but also respectful to
everyone.

Sample Essay 12

Hari Raya Celebration


One of the biggest celebrations in Malaysia is Eid or more commonly known as Hari Raya
Aidilfitri or Hari Raya Puasa. Hari Raya literally means 'Celebration Day'. It is celebrated by Muslims
on 1 Syawal of Muslim Calendar after a month of fasting.
Shopping malls and bazaars are usually filled with people days ahead of Hari Raya, which
creates a distinctive festive atmosphere throughout the country. This is the time when my mother and I
will do our last minute shopping for clothes and delicacies. Then, we will return to our home town to
celebrate the festival.
The night before Hari Raya is filled with the sounds of the takbir in the mosques. Just like in
many parts of Malaysia, especially in the rural areas, I will lit oil lamps and place them outside and
around my grandmothers home. My brothers, together with my cousins, will light traditional bamboo
cannon or firecrackers which are notoriously loud and can be very dangerous. My mother and aunts
will be busy preparing special dishes like ketupat, dodol, rendang and other delicacies to serve on the
next day. My favourite is definitely lemang which is a type of glutinous rice cooked in bamboo.

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On the morning of Hari Raya, we will wear our traditional clothing, baju kurung. Before heading
to the mosque for prayer, we will greet one another and ask for forgiveness for sins which we may
have committed. Once the prayer is completed, it is common for many Muslims to visit the graves of
loved ones. During this visit, we will clean the grave, recite Yassin, and also perform the tahlil
ceremony. All these are done as a means to ask God to forgive both the dead and the living for our
sins. The rest of the day is spent visiting relatives or serving visitors. Hari Raya is a very joyous day for
me and other children as we will be given token sums of money, also known as "duit raya", from our
parents or elders.
I truly enjoy the Hari Raya celebration which is a really unique festival. It is more than a
religious celebration as it fosters closer relation in a family as well as the neighbourhood.

Sample Essay 13
My school
My school, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sri Cempaka is located in Taman Indah, about
three kilometers away from the town center. It was built in 1961, the first secondary school in the
district.
It is a grade A school and has more than 2000 students. To cater such a big population, there
are thirty classrooms with busy sessions both in the morning and afternoon as well.
As you enter the school compound, you will immediately come to the office. It is on the ground
floor of a three storey building which also holds the library and two Science laboratories. The school
hall which can seat 1000 students is next to the office. The hall has witnessed a lot of glorious
moments ever since it was built 25 years ago.
There is a spacious garden behind the office block. It is a beautiful garden with exotic palm
trees and a fish pond. Each of uniform body in the school takes turn to clean the garden every
weekend. Just beside the garden is the school canteen. It is a large canteen and sells varieties of
food. I particularly love the Laksa. It is very delicious.
The school field is well-equipped. It has a football field, a hockey field, a basketball court and
two volleyball courts. It is not surprising as the students in this school are active in sports. Many of the
students play football, basketball and hockey for the state. The school is also the champion in the
district athletics games for three consecutive years.
Although the school is old, it has a proud history of producing brilliant students who are good in
sports and in their studies. I love the school because of the friendly students and dedicated teachers
there. I will definitely miss this school when I leave it at the end of this year.

Sample Essay 14
An Unforgetable Experience

150

May 25 2001 is a day I will never forget. It was the day when my family suffered a tragedy. The
day began like any other day and we all got ready for school while my father got ready to go to work.
We all had breakfast together, enjoying our favourite banana pancakes and hot chocolate, before
leaving the house. My sister and I got on our school bus while I saw father got into his car to get to
work, leaving my mother doing her usual house chores.
At 10.00 a.m., I was having a Mathematics lesson when a teacher came and told me my father
was at the canteen waiting to take me home. I could sense something bad had happened. Fearing the
worst, and thinking of all kinds of bad things that could have happened, I met my father who had
already fetched my sister. Her face was white as a sheet.
Our house was burnt down and mom is in the hospital, explained my father sadly. His voice
shook as he spoke. I was so shocked.
We rushed to the hospital and the doctor told us that mom was all right. We thanked God that
nothing serious had happened to her. She only suffered minor injuries. However, we lost everything in
the fire, our computer, furniture, books and clothes. I found my piggy-bank in the ashes and the coins
were still inside. That was all I had left. My father comforted us by saying that the house could be built
and the things inside could be bought.
Mother is all right and that is the most important thing, he said. That is why May 25 is a day I
will never forget.

Sample Essay 15
The Dong Festival
Chinese celebrate thanksgiving on 22nd December for the Dong Festival. It is the day of
merriment, feasting and giving thanks. It is also a day for setting out hopes for the coming year and for
ancestor worship.
In ancient times, according to tradition, the Emperor had to fast on the eve of
Dong to prepare for the ceremonial rituals and ancestor worship, which was carried out on the Altar of
Heaven in Beijing. On the day itself, the Emperor would offer sacrifices at the Temple of Heaven. If the
day was dry and clear, the coming year would be peaceful.
Dong is a family celebration with a family dinner for those who live nearby or are free to come.
Prayers are offered at the family altar. The day is marked by the preparation of tong yuen, a dish of
glutinous rice flour balls in syrup. The process involved the making of ground glutinous powder into
dough. Then, half of the dough would be coloured red and the rest left white. The roundness of the
balls symbolizes family co-operation and union. Usually there would be twelve larger white balls
symbolizing the number of months of the year. The rice balls would be boiled until they are cooked.
Everyone must eat at least one such ball to indicate that one is a year older.
I can recall those early years when I helped to make the rice balls. It was a fun activity when
we would compete to see who could roll the roundest and the most number of balls. Mother would be
the judge and give a reward to the winner. When she had enough of the rice balls, we were allowed to
shape the balance into any shape we like. They would also be boiled and we would eat our own
creations.
Nowadays, Dong is not celebrated like it should be. The balls with fillings can be bought readymade. People are too busy to observe traditions and customs. It is not a public holiday and many
young people tend to forget that such a festival even exists. Moreover, no one wants to eat tong yuen
as it is tasteless and not attractive at all. We seem to have become too sophisticated to enjoy the
simple pleasures of life as a family.

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Sample Essay 16
Chronicles of Rina : Mothers walk Of Life
The postman was at the door with a parcel for me. It was from my sister who was pursuing a degree in
London. I tore the packaging paper and what I had in my hand was a book that traced my mothers
walk of life from the day she was born up to today. There were all together 50 pages for each year of
her life.
I had e-mailed all the documents, photographs and even couriered a host of other things that I
could not e-mail. She had utilized all that she needed into treasure of a moment for Mama or Mothers
Day.
The cover was a stained glass rose design of a fusion of Mamas favourite colours. As I turned
the pages, I was taken on a walk down memory lane. The first five pages showed her entry into this
world, her birth certificate, photos of birthdays, rides, swim and cries.
The next few pages illustrated her years in kindergarten, the concerts and her graduation
photograph. She capped with her mortal board and holding a scroll which had a toothy grin.
Her thirteen years in primary and secondary school were written in pictures. There are sports
activities, bicycle rides, school excursions, science projects of pressed flowers and leaves as well as
candid photographs of her teenaged peer activities.
She next left to pursue tertiary education in Kuala Lumpur where she met Papa. I managed to
find photos of them together culminating in their wedding ceremony. She was splendid in her wedding
attire, so was Papa in his Malay suit.
She started a teaching career and I followed her posting to the interior of Pahang. Being young
and inexperienced, she enjoyed in her work which we read about in her letters. These letters were to
her family, relatives and friends.
Then we came on the scene, the five of us, commencing with my eldest brother and wnding
with me. She has her favourite photographs and Lia knew just the one each of us to include in the
chronicles of events.
Next were photographs of Rahims graduation with our proud parents. It was followed
immediately by Rahmahs entry to the medical profession and Rahmans setting up his accountancy
firm. Then, came photographs of Papa and Mamas pilgrimage to Mecca with Opah and Atuk. The
serene looks on their faces were crystal clear to us. The children sponsored Mama and Papas first
overseas tour of Western world. Although we stayed home, we were the armchair travelers when they
showed us the candid shots of their tour.
The last page of the never-ending Saga was the celebration of the 25th wedding anniversary
of Papa and Mama. It was a joyous occasion for everyone and the emotional outpourings could been
on their faces and heard in the recording made on the CD.
The souvenir ended with the words, the saga continues- Happy Mothers day! and to
accompany it was another CD with messages from all her five children. I closed the book, wrapped it
up with batik cloth, tied it up with ribbon, largely written with the words, WE LOVE YOU.

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