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[9/11/2011 TO 12/11/2011]


Field visit program has been help for getting more and more
information about a village.
This program was conducted for providing us to know political
needs for development of village. .
How we can bring changes in living standard, political culture,
social culture, environmental culture.
So this survey program provided us facilities to know the realties
& facts about a rural area.
We established a relationship with the village to point out there
basic needs & requirements politics.
We cover hamlets of the village Chakia Hinauta and talked with
many people of village.

Purpose of the field Visit

The purpose of field visit program is as follows:The main purpose is to know political needs in village.
1. To get more n more knowledge about village for learning real
outlook of the village.
2. For getting knowledge about the politics of the people at the
village level.
3. For understanding the basic requirement & needs in politics
for rural people.
4. To know about educational facilities and literacy level of the
5. For getting information medical & sanitation facilities of
rural area.
6. To understand role of politics in agricultural system.
7. To find out role of politics in natural resources & occupation
of rural area.

Our field visit program started from 9th November to 12th
November. 2011. Four days we focused on our village Chakia
Hinauta and by to get maximum data for our topic.
We try to meet with every households of the village but we could
not do so because of scarcity of time.

Profile of Village Chakia Hinauta

Name of the village
Name of pradhan


Total population
No. of voters
No. of words
Name of Rojgar sahayak
Name of Secretary
Name of Lekhpal


Chakia Hinauta
Dr. Abhimanyu Singh
177.26 hectare
Radha Gautam
Vijay Raj Bhartiya
Satish Kr Shrivastva

Name of govt. provide facilities Primary school, Water Supply

Link road, Aanganbari, ASHA
Name of Scheam run by govt. and its Benficiery Vridha Pension (67), Vidhava Pension (8)
Handicap pension (4)
IAY, MAY, MNREGA,Rajyabrit, Terahwabrit,
Mahamaya Aarthik Madad Yojna (37).
Jhukke Jhopari Yojna (30), Mid-day meall.

Chakia Hinauta is situated on the Bahadurpur Block, Tahseel

Phulpur, Jhunsi Allahabad.
Chakia Hinauta people involvement totally in local level
It is an idle village which have good basic infrastructure,
maximum people are educated.
Chakia Hinauta Gram Panchayat consists of three revenue
village named as Chakia Hinauta, Hajipur and Chakia.
Main religions are Hindu & Muslims both live together. The
implementation of govt. scheme are good like BPL card, APL
card, Antodya card , old age pension, widow pension scheme,
Indira Awas ,MNREGA except some cases.
Yadav are in majority in the village Chakia Hinauta, Bind
(Kewat) in Hajipur, and Muslim & koiri in Chakia.
There was no any govt. hospital like PHC & CHC, higher govt.
collage also not available. People are interested to educate their
children so they sent their children to private school, collages.
Political & Social condition of that village was very good and
very few discrimination & conflict among the people, women
were interested in work with their male family member.
But some lacking also in the village as Hajipur village condition
is too miserable due to lack of awareness, education and
All the people involved in politics and participate to cast the



Name of Sameeti

1)Swasthya kalyar Sameeti

2)Prashashani Sameeti

: Their Member

: Tribhuvan
Nath,Pushpa Devi,
Sumitra Devi,
Mo.Samim, Satrudhan
: Abhimanyu Singh
Yadav, Pushpa Yadav,
Tribhuvan Nath

3)Jal Prabandhan Sameeti

: Satrudhan Singh, Ram

Singh, Dip Chandra,
Tribhuvan Nath

4)Siksha Sameeti

: Rekha yadav, Pushpa

Devi, Amrit Lal

5)Nirmar Karya Sameeti

: Abhimanyu Singh
: Raj Kumari
: Saurabh Kr Bhartiya
: Rithaya
: 500
: 28

Name of Asha
Name of Rashan ki Dukan
Marketing Of Village

Conversation with people


Conversation with people



Occurrence of money base politics.

Cast base politics also play factor in local level politics.
Gram Pradhan is Doctor so he gives less time to their people.
Lack of implementation of all govt. schemes.
Lack of school.
Lack of opportunity for employment.

Negligible power of BDC.

Less power of ward member.
Lack of supply water.
Corruption is maser problem.
Lack of Khuli Baithak.
Lack of transportation.
Divide and Rule politics.
Lack of transparency.
Lack of awareness.



Conversation with Gram Pradhan

Political needs in consideration of Gram Pradhan -:


More policy should make for eradicating poverty.

Fund should increase for development.
Central school should stabiles.
More employment opportunity should create for technical
and educated people.
Try to improve quality of education.


We took data for our survey by personal interviews and Question
-naires but our maximum attention was on personal conversation
with villagers because by semi structure samplings are getting
maximum information about the village. So we gave our priority to
semi structured record sampling.
Repo building
Repo building is one of most power full tool to the collection of
data, when we enter the village our main objective how to maintain
our reputation positively before them so we continue to maintain
and sustain our repo building and assist of repo we collect valuable
Transit Walk
First day of my field visit we only understand the geographical
area of the village, the attitude of the people, could who responded
our questions, How political dimension is there, what facility run
in this village, what more intervention program provide by the
government, they sustain our self, Did SHG run in this village,
community mobilization are in here, electricity facilities, clothing,
communication skill, sanitation, panchayat can run positively or
not, they people satisfied to the pradhan or not.


Door to door Interview:Firstly we used door to door interview for collecting

valuable data, we can assess or evaluate many valuable data on the
basis of our objective. We were set questionnaire regarded to our
objective, we were set questions in mixed form which have fixed
or close ended question as well as open ended questions. We
design all questions as respect to cover all aspect that held on that
village. Like:- what politics adopt by this village, what type of
political activities were held by the rural people, government
intervention program are good for them or not, if yes then how
much it reliable for you and your village.
Random sampling
One of the most under used data collection methods is
Random sampling. We have taken data randomly gone in rural
houses and collected very useful data.
Non-structural interview
One of the most under used data collection methods is
observation. We can also taken non- structural interview to the
responded, our main aim to fill each and every information
regarded our objective
Personal Interview:One of the most under used data collection methods is
personal interview. We can assess or evaluate many valuable data
on the basis of basic needs of rural peoples in political
consideration. I have taken a sample for knowing the needs of
single family who living in that village.


Basis of Identification
I take following scales for identification the development of
village Basic infrastructure
Irrigation and drinking water
Medical and health
Education/ literacy level
Economic condition
Social environment
Natural resources
Working local execute bodies & local organization

Contemporary needs
Political changes should occur and transparency should in
Livelihood, Quality of education and employment.
Technical skill about agriculture and animal husbandry.
In Muslim hamlets sanitation and hygiene problem should be
Hajipur people where not benefited all the scheme of govt. so
focus on development of Hajipur.
Primary school is needed each Hamlet.
Primary school, Anganbari and Rasoi ghar should at separate


Future needs
There should be provision of stabilize collages.
Cost of every agriculture product should be increased so that
former can get suitable & sufficient profit of their hard work.
In maximum people are not ready to work because of their
social status so that there should a scheme for educated
people also by which they can work without any hesitation.

Findings of observation

1 The main problem of village is Lack of implementation of

gov. scheme.
2 Involvement in corruption of Pradhan and Secretary.
3 The problem of this village is awareness because some
people are against to some good common projects due to
their old thing of harmony.
4 Some people are live in there was a hamlets named as colon
in which every family lived to other people`s land , they have
been living there since 60 years but nobody care this fact.
5 Some needy people have no any govt. provided facilities.
6 Sanitation & hygiene problems, where also available there.
7 Maximum people depends on agriculture , animal husbandry,
bidi maker etc. so that economic condition is ok but not
6. People are depends on private hospitals for getting medical &
health care services.
7. Irrigation problem was also available.
8. Availability of electricity was bad.


My suggestion is based on detailed analysis of mine. The

problems and reality of the village Chakia Hinauta are:

1. If local governing bodies (PRI) work good, this

become a developed very easily.
2. Secretary should not appoint from local level.
3. Cross auditing should occur (one state to
another state).
4. Vipaksh should stabilize. As in Vidhan Sabah and
Lok Sabah.
5. Training should occur for Pradhan and ward
6. There should be provision of primary health & higher govt.
school & collages.
7. We found there some people connected with sonata micro
finance but they have more knowledge about SHG`s &
SGSY. So program should be conducted for providing
knowledge & information to the people.
8. People have no idea about small village industries, so they
should be provided basic skills and financial support so that
they can start work at their home.
9. There should be effective inspection of monitoring of
implementation of govt. scheme and facilities such as
MNREGA, Indira Awas, BPL card, Old age pension.


In the present village visit, more emphasis is put on the political
needs of the village.
The population close to 72% of India still resides in rural and semi
urban areas. It is in rural India that a vast potential of talent and
untapped creative and intellectual energy lies. If this group of
people is not empowered, the nation as a whole cannot flourish and
develop. With the focus of developing this human force,
field visit program provide us facilities to learn about political
needs & changes in rural areas, life style, basic infrastructures,
requirement, strength & weaknesses. I visited three villages during
our visit program and found more knowledge which are real and
fact. The village requires important political needs & changes in it.