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21/03/2016

MechanicalProperties|Bolt,Nut,Fasteners

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MechanicalProperties
MechanicalProperties:SteelScrews,BoltsandStuds
ThemechanicalpropertiesofsteelscrewsaswellastheirqualityinspectionandmarkingaresetinISO8981.
Themostimportantmechanicalpropertiesforsteelscrewsaregivenatwonumbercombinationnameheresanexample:
Thefirstnumbergives1/100oftheminimumtensilestrengthinN/mm2stressarea.
Tensilestrength8x100=800N/mm2.

8.8
Thesecondnumberspecifiesthe10foldratiooftheloweryieldstrengthlimit(RelorRp0.2)fornominaltensilestrengthRm(yield
strengthratio).
Multiplyingthetwonumbersresultsin1/10oftheminimumyieldstrengthinN/mm2.
Stressat0.2%nonproportionalelongation8x8x10=640N/mm2.

Markingscrews,boltsandstuds:
Accordingtothestandard,fastenersfromathreaddiameterofM5onwardaretobemarkedwiththemanufacturersidentificationmarks
andthepropertyclassmarkingasfollows*:
Hexagonandhexalobularheadscrewsandboltsinallpropertyclasses.Themarkingshallbemadepreferablyonthetopoftheheadby
indentingorembossing,oronthesideoftheheadbyindenting.
Hexagonandhexalobularsocketheadcapscrewsinallpropertyclasses.Themarkingshallbemadepreferablyonthesideofthehead
byindenting,oronthetopoftheheadbyindentingorembossing.
Cupheadsquareneckboltsinallpropertyclasses.Themarkingshallbemadeontheheadbyindentingorembossing.
Studs of property classes 5.6, 8.8, 9.8, 10.9 and 12.9. The marking shall be on the unthreaded part of the stud. If this is not possible,
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markingofthepropertyclassshallbeonthenutend,andthemanufacturersidentificationmarkmaybeomitted.
Marking of fasteners which have reduced loadability like, hexagon socket head cap screws with low head for example (DIN 7984):
Fastenersshallbemarkedwiththepropertyclass,exceptthatthemarkingsymbolforpropertyclassshallbeprecededbythedigit0(e.g.
08.8).
Therequirementtoaddamarkingisregulatedintheproductstandards.Otherscrewswithreducedloadabilityare,forexample,hexagon
socketcountersunkheadscrewsacc.toISO10642.
Mechanicalproperties:Steelnuts
TheDINproductandfunctionstandardsfornutsarebeingconvertedtoISOstandards.Accordingly,duringthetransitionperiodstandards
forpreviousDINandnewISOnutdesignsshallbeonthemarkettogether.
ThepropertiesofnutswithcoarsethreadsisspecifiedinISO8982(EN208982/DIN2674)andfornutswithfinethreadsinISO898
6.Theloadabilityofanutissetbythehardness&nutheightanddefinedbytheproofload.Itisvegulatedthatspecificnuttypesmustbe
markedwiththepropertyclass.ThetypeofmarkingaswellastheplacewhereitneedstoappearisprescribedinthestandardsISO8982,
DIN26724andDIN26713,amongothers.
Thekeynumberspecifiesadirectassignmentofpropertyclassesofthescrews,boltsandstuds.
Nutswithnominalheight0.8D
Thefirstnumberofthepropertyclassofthescrew/bolt/studistheassignmentofthepropertyclassofthenut.Fornutswithanominal
heightof~0.8D,e.g.nutsaccordingtoDIN555andDIN934,themarkingisanumber,forinstance(8=1/100oftheproofstressin
N/mm).Themarkingoftwoverticalbars(||)referstotheapplicableproofloadsaccordingtoDIN2674.
Fornutswithanominalheightof0.8D,e.g.nutsaccordingtoISO4032,ISO8673,themarkingisanumber,forinstance(8=1/100of
theproofstressinN/mm),withoutmarkingoftwoverticalbars(||),heretheproofloadsapplyaccordingtoISO8982.
Marking:HexagonheadnutsofthisgrouparetobemarkedfromathreaddiameterofM5withthemanufacturersidentificationmark
andthepropertyclass.

Mechanicalproperties:Fastenersfromcorrosinresistantstainlesssteels
Themechanicalpropertiesoffastenersmadefromcorrosinresistantstainlesssteelaswellastheirqualityinspectionandmarkingaresetin
ISO3506.

Chemicalcompositioninacc.toISO3506EN100883
Chemicalcompositionin%acc.toISO3506/EN100883.
Steel
group

Usualmaterialsfor
screws/bolts/studs/nuts

Cr

Ni

Mo

C
max.

Si
max.

Mn
max.

Pmax.

S
max.

Otheradditions(ISO3506.Tab.1)

Material
No.(AlSI
No.)

Material
designationacc.
EN10088
3/DIN17006.
17440

A1

1.4305
(303)

X8CrNiS189

16
19

5
10

0,7

0,12

1,0

6,5

0,20

0.15
0.35

Cu,Sulphurmaybereplacedby
selenium

A2

1.4301
(304)
1.4303
(305)

X5CrNi1810
X4CrNi1812

15
20

8
19

0,10

1,0

2,0

0,05

0,03

*Mopermitted

A3

1.4541
(321)

X6CrNiTi18
10

17
19

9
12

0,08

1,0

2,0

45

0,03

*MopermittedmustcontainTi,
NborTaforstabilisation

A4

1.4401

X5CrNiMo17

16

10

2.0

0,08

1,0

2,0

45

0,03

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(316)

122

18.5

15

3.0

A5

1.4571
(316Ti)

X6CrNiMoTi
17122

16
18.5

10.5
14

2.0
3.0

0,08

1,0

2,0

0,0450

0,03

1,4439

X2CrNiMoN
17135

16.5
18.5

12.5
14.5

4.0
5.0

0,03

1,0

2,0

45

15

1,4539

X1NiCrMoCu
25205

19
21

24
26

4.0
5.0

0,02

0,7

2,0

0,03

0,01

1,4529

X1NiCrMoCuN
25207

19
21

24
26

6.0
7.0

0,02

0,5

1,0

0,03

0,01

A/F
FA

1,4462

X2CrNiMoN
2253

21
23

4.5
6.5

2.5
3.5

0,03

1,0

2,0

35

15

1.4034
(420)

X46Cr13

12.5
14.5

0.43
0.50

1,0

1,0

40

0,03

1,4122

X39CrMo171

15.5
17.5

~1.0

0.80
1.30

0.33
0.45

1,0

1,5

40

0,03

1.4310
(301)

X10CrNi188

16
18

6
9.5

~0.8

0.05
0.15

2,0

2,0

45

15

1.4568
(301)

X7GNiAl177

16
18

6.5
7.8

0,09

0,7

1,0

40

15

MustcontainTi,NborTafor
stabilisation
Austenitic/Austeniticferritic
steelswithparticularresistance
againstchlorideinducedstress
corrosioncrackinge.g.inindoor
swimmingpools

Materialsforspringpartse.g.
acc.toDIN127,128,471,472,
2093,6797,6798,6799,7967,
7980
(Caution:Reducedspringloadas
opposedtospringsteel)

Al0.701.5

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