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Protective Device

Coordination / Selectivity
Relay Testing &
Relay Test Set Interface
& Equipment

Star - Device Coordination
ARTTS - Relay Testing
& Simulation



Power System
Enterprise Solution
ETAP is the most comprehensive analysis platform for the design,
simulation, operation, control, optimization, and automation of
generation, transmission, distribution, and industrial power systems.



from small to large power systems ETAP Enterprise Suite provides one solution to your power system design. ETAP offers a comprehensive suite of analysis modules that can be configured to suit your specific needs. Dynamics & Transients Transient Stability Generator Start-Up Wind Turbine Generator User-Defined Dynamic Model Parameter Estimation Featured in this brochure Distribution Unbalanced Load Flow Optimal Power Flow Transformer Tap Optimization Switching Sequence Mgmt. analysis. and operation needs. Reliability Assessment Optimal Capacitor Placement GIS Map Transmission Line Line Constants Line Ampacity Sag & Tension HV DC Transmission Link Monitoring & Simulation Advanced Monitoring Energy Accounting Real-Time Simulation Event Playback Load Forecasting Star Protective Devices Coordination & Selectivity Sequence-of-Operation Relay Test Set Interface ARTTS Relay Testing & Simulation Relay Test Set Equipment ETAP Test Set Software Energy Management System Automatic Generation Control Economic Dispatch Supervisory Control Interchange Scheduling Reserve Management Network Analysis Short-Circuit – ANSI Short-Circuit – IEC Arc Flash Load Flow Motor Acceleration Cable Systems Underground Thermal Analysis Cable Pulling Cable Ampacity Cable Sizing Power Quality Harmonic Load Flow Frequency Scan Harmonic Filters DC Systems Load Flow Short-Circuit Control System Diagram Battery Discharge Battery Sizing Ground Grid Systems Finite Element Method IEEE 80 & 665 Methods Panel Systems Panels ANSI & IEC Intelligent Load Shedding Load Preservation Load Restoration Load Shedding Validation Intelligent Substation Substation Automation Switching Management Load Management Data Exchange DataX MS Access & Excel CAD Interface e-DPP Interface SmartPlant Interface Base Package Cable Ampacity & Sizing Transmission Line Constants Report Manager Project Management Wizards Output Report Comparator Multi-D Database Libraries | 3 .Customize ETAP to fit your needs. This modular approach allows you to purchase only the modules you need.

rulebased design. Intelligent. Device Coordination & Selectivity Sequence-of-Operation Verified & Validated Library Relay Test Set Interface 4 | Using intelligent one-line diagrams. and mis-coordination. embedded analysis modules. and a three-dimensional database.Star Device Coordination Intuitive. and integrated. comprehensive device libraries. extensive Verified & Validated (V&V) device library. Integrated The Most Comprehensive Device Protection & Coordination Analysis Solution ETAP Star device protection and coordination program provides an intuitive and logical approach to Time Current Characteristic (TCC) analysis with features and capabilities such as graphical user interface. true-to-the-form protective devices modeling. relay mis-operation. . ETAP Star offers insight into troubleshooting false trips.

& directional overcurrent relay (51/50.CT based & Inline relays (49) • Integrated with one-line diagram • Comprehensive relay interlocks • Intelligent alert view for troubleshooting • Embedded short circuit analysis • Embedded motor acceleration analysis • Modeling of multi-function & multi-level relays • Virtual animation of sequence-of-operation playback • Normalized plots shifted based on fault contributions • Flexible user-definable display & plot options • Extensive damage curve modeling & plotting • Professional time current characteristic plots • Detailed device setting reports • Built-in interface with relay test set Star .Device Coordination / Selectivity | 5 . ground. 67) • Phase & ground coordination modes • Detailed implementation of voltage restraint & control relay (51V) • Graphically adjustable device settings • Comprehensive modeling of electronic & hydraulic reclosers (79) • Comprehensive V&V device libraries • Overload relay .Protective Device Coordination & Selectivity StarView Toolbar Capabilities Protective Device Handling • AC & DC coordination • High impedance & percentage differential relay (87) • ANSI & IEC coordination & protection standards • Phase.

& state of protective devices • Offers insight into troubleshooting false trips. & mis-coordination Intelligent Alert View With ETAP Star you can troubleshoot your device coordination studies for any Star View.One Action Resulting in a Complete Solution Features • Illustrate system wide coordination • User-definable curves & fault arrows • Click & drag curves to adjust settings • Transformer damage curve & inrush curve modeling • Automatic current & voltage scaling • Generator decrement & damage curves • Customizable TCC curve layout with embedded one-line diagram • Multiple motor starting curves based on starting voltage • Automatic layout of the one-line diagram in Star TCC View • Integration of short circuit analysis with protective devices • Automatic clipping of curve based on calculated or userdefined fault current • Motor starting curves based on motor acceleration studies • Minimum fault calculation & TCC marker • Integration of arc flash analysis results on Star TCC View • Multi-axis time current curves • Comprehensive print functionality. time. The Alert View button on the Star View provides a summary of alerts or messages (low priority alerts) that provides hints as to how and why a particular device curve is not being displayed or missing information regarding a device. relay misoperation. • Aids system engineers & planners to quickly realize possible design issues & make informed decisions Star Alert View 6 | . & device labeling • Automated color sequencing of curves • Batch print TCC plots & diagrams for various paper sizes • Graphical curve tracker with cross lines & time gap tools • Graphical printing & plotting • Time difference calculator • Customizable reports • Motor & stator damage curves • Adjustable magnifying-glass zoom view Benefits • Enables system engineers to easily & efficiently perform protective device coordination studies • Provide an accurate & realistic operating characteristic. legends.

The available ranges are grayed out when an adjustable curve is selected. Graphical Adjustment of Curves Zoom to New Window Star . Star Plot Options Star Plot Options tool provides all the necessary options to customize the display of the Star TCC curve. grid. Handles are provided on the device characteristic curves to identify adjustable regions. Available ranges for a selected curve can be displayed and identified by clicking the Hide/ Show Range button.Graphical Adjustment Device curves can be graphically adjusted in the Star View. You can customize the display of current and time axes. and more. legend.Device Coordination / Selectivity | 7 . curve plotting properties.

Excitation system field forcing capability. The program calculates the individual arcing current contributions and arc fault clearing time of all the protective devices involved in the arc fault by interfacing with Star. is also considered when plotting the generator decrement curve. The calculated and allowable incident energy curves can be plotted in Star View as a function of time and current. Generator Decrement Curve 8 | .Fully Integrated Module Integration of Arc Flash Analysis & Star View ETAP Arc Flash is a fully integrated module that takes advantage of all the capabilities already built into Star. used to speed up the response of the generator. TCC and Arc Flash Results Generator Decrement Curve Star provides plotting of the generator decrement curve and display both the symmetrical and asymmetrical decrement curve based on generator no-load or full-load conditions.

Multiple Motor Starting & Damage Curves A motor starting curve can be plotted on a Star view for the purpose of determining overload settings for motor protection devices. Device Setting Report Star Device Coordination Reports Manager provides comprehensive and customizable device setting reports. Constant Terminal Voltage can be used to plot the motor starting curve based on a constant voltage at the motor terminal. Stator curves can be plotted based on multiples of machine fullload amps or actual amp values. Device Setting Report: Customize reports and export to Microsoft® Excel Star . using the Crystal Reports® formats. The manager allows you to preview and print the protective device setting data. Motor Starting / Damage Curve The motor curves have been enhanced by including stator damage curve or running overload curve into Star.Device Coordination / Selectivity | 9 .

51V. such as relay. fuse.Sequence-of-Operation Star Sequence-of-Operation evaluates. and interlocks for a specified fault location and type. 87) • Sequence of event viewer • Normalized (shifted) TCC curves • Phase & Ground faults (symmetrical & asymmetrical) • Flashing protective device via the one-line diagram Drag & Drop a Fault • Phase & ground faults • Display fault currents on the one-line diagram • Illustrate system wide coordination • Tabulate operating times via an event viewer • Customizable reports Star Protective Device Sequence-of-Operation Drag and Drop Faults 10 | . contactor. and confirms the operation and selectivity of the protective devices for various types of faults for any location directly from the oneline diagram and via normalized TCC curve views. verifies. etc. 50. 79. Sequence-of-Operation provides a system wide solution for an accurate and realistic operating time and state of protective devices. 59. 49. Functionalities • User-definable fault insertion location • View device operation sequence graphically • Device failure & backup operation • Detailed relay actions (27. circuit breaker. time current characteristic. The operation time is calculated for each protective device based on its settings. 51. trip devices. 67.

Device Coordination / Selectivity | 11 . This one-step concept utilizes the intelligent one-line diagram and performs a complete set of actions to determine the operation of all protective devices. which is dynamically linked with the one-line diagram. This analysis mode provides a graphical view of the operation times of protective devices based on their corresponding settings and characteristics for specified fault location and type. This includes internal shifting (normalizing) of each TCC curve based on the individual fault contribution level.Graphical Animation of Protective Device Operation Normalized TCC Curve Normalized (Shifted) TCC mode is an analysis feature in ETAP Star View which is based on Sequence-of-Operation calculation. Graphical Animation of Protective Device Operation Coordinate via One-Line Diagram • Graphically place a fault anywhere on the one-line diagram • Automatically calculate & display the fault current contributions on the one-line diagram • Evaluate the operating time & state of devices based on the actual fault current contribution flowing through each individual device • Graphical animation of protective device operation • Globally view post fault actions & associated operating time via a tabulated event viewer • Examine the operation of protective devices via the one-line diagram Normalized Time Current Characteristic Curve Sequence of Event Viewer The sequence of operation of protective devices are automatically calculated and listed in an Event Viewer. Star . Normalized TCC mode graphically displays the TCC curves of protective devices in relation to one and another for a given fault.

Verified & Validated Device Libraries Extensive Protective Device Library • Library copy & merge manager • Most comprehensive & up-to-date protective device information • Verified & validated libraries using published manufacturer data • User-definable libraries – easily create & add new devices • Digitalization points & equation based relays • True-to-the-form modeling of protective devices • Legacy as well as state-of-the-art device manufacturer models • Customized library – user curve library Protective Device Libraries • Fuse • Relay (OCR. DIF) • Recloser • Electronic Controller • HV Circuit Breaker • LV Circuit Breaker • Solid State Trip • Electro-Mechnical • Thermal Magnetic • Motor Circuit Protector • Overload Heater 12 | . OLR.

This allows for control and validation of library data. established programs. Star . making it simple to manage the library content from various library files. The V&V process includes the entire ETAP Library including the device libraries. Library Merge Manager Accuracy and Reliability ETAP is the only high-impact electrical engineering software to comply with widely accepted and firmly established quality standards and regulations.Library Merge ETAP allows merging of library files using the copy and merge functions.Device Coordination / Selectivity | 13 . Library Checker: Track and verify library changes Library Checker The checker access level is provided for verification of changes to project engineering properties and libraries data. and hand calculations in order to ensure its technical accuracy. Every release of ETAP is verified and validated (V&V) against field results. real system measurements. The merge function allows you to merge a partial or complete library file from one library to another library.

ETAP ARTTS combines the short-circuit and protection device coordination capabilities of ETAP with the relay testing hardware. & Calibrate Relays.Advanced Relay Testing & Transient Simulator Precise. and reliability. It provides actual steady-state and transient responses of relays for comparisons with the manufacturers published data. Simulate. coordination. Relay Test Set Equipment Relay Test Set Software Test. Accurate Fully Integrated Hardware & Software Relay Testing Solution The ETAP Advanced Relay Testing and Transient Simulator (ARTTS) is a new concept that utilizes hardware and software technologies for testing. & Transducers Manual & Fully Automatic Testing ‘Click & Test’ Feature for Quick Testing Playback Transients from Fault Studies & Recorders Export to Comtrade Format 14 | . Meters. calibrating. ARTTS is designed to improve system protection. and simulating relays. Flexible. hence decreasing operational and maintenance costs.

Relay Test Set Interface • Fully integrated protective relay historical testing & maintenance database with ETAP Star • Export short circuit data. While ETAP Star provides a revolutionary method of analyzing and simulating the protective device coordination and protection view via an intelligent one-line diagram.Relay Testing & Simulation | 15 .Testing. Calibrating. & Simulating Relays Bridge Between Relay-Testing Hardware & Power System Simulation Technology ARTTS provides the bridge between the relay-testing hardware and power system simulation technology. ETAP ARTTS determines the actual operation of protective relays based on steady-state and dynamic transient waveforms and compares the captured relay response with that of manufacturer published curves. relays settings to relay test set • Plot device steady-state response • Compare relay response with manufacturer published data • Analyze deviation from nominal values • Display relay actual transient response • Analyze relay false trips & mis-operation • Comtrade export of time domain fault currents & voltages Test Results Comparison: Compare test results with published curves ARTTS .

Relay Transient Response 16 | The waveforms are generated from ETAP and are pragmatically played into the relay through ARTTS. . By comparing these sets of curves. Based on the required range of the overcurrent and/or fault current.Relay Actual Response Steady-State Response ETAP Star exports the relay settings and parameters to ARTTS for current injection into the relay. the relay test set then injects multiple currents (single-phase or three-phase) into the relay in order to reconstruct the relay TCC curve based on the actual relay response. Relay Steady-State Response Relay Steady-State Response Transient Response The ability to simulate relay response under steady-state and transient conditions during both fault and normal system operating conditions provides the necessary tools for protection engineers and technicians to confidently determine and evaluate the design and operation of protection system. Steady-state fault current provides only a snapshot operation of the relay based on sustained current. The relay test points are then imported to ETAP Star for plotting and comparison with the manufacturer published data. Transient fault simulation is necessary to determine the actual response time of the relay based on the distributed through fault containing AC and DC decay current. This allows for verification of the relay operation under conditions matching actual system faults. Star visually indicates the discrepancies and deviation between the actual (field setting) versus design (intended / ideal) device response characteristics.

voltage. current. Test sequences can be created and customized using the Sequence editor. & Vdc (Dx / Dt) • Sequence editor • Test of distance relays with direct import of relay characteristic with RIO format • Test of distance relays with simulation of all types of faults: single-phase. The ‘Click and Test’ feature of the software makes relay testing more efficient and saves test time. & three-phase • Report manager for test report customization • Export results in Windows® application formats ARTTS . ARTTS Software: Virtual front panel Features • Intuitive graphical user interface • Virtual front panel control • Graphical vector control • Ramp test with ability to sequence tests for ramping any parameter up or down at the same time • Threshold test for automatic determination of thresholds (current. two-phase-to-ground. The ARTTS Wizard allows the user to easily and quickly select the most appropriate software program for the required application. frequency. voltage. This powerful software can be used for manual and fully automatic testing of protective relays. and transducers.Relay Testing & Simulation | 17 . Test results can be saved and customized using the report manager to suit user output requirements.ARTTS Software Modules Integrated Software ARTTS software is an advanced control software program for accessing all functions of the Automatic Relay Testing and Transient Simulator. two-phase. energy meters. phase-angle. The ARTTS software modules are extremely easy to use with intuitive graphical user interface and realistic representations of panel control and vector quantities. & phase angle) • Rate of change (gradient) tests for frequency.

& transducers Phase Sequence Voltage Relay 47 Incomplete Sequence Relay 48 Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay 50 Inverse Time Overcurrent Relay 51 • Playback transient signals from ETAP fault simulation. & numerical relays Power Factor Relay 55 Voltage Balance Relay 60 • High accuracy . Distance Relay 21 Synchronizing Device 25 Under/Over-Voltage Relay 27/59 Directional Power Relay 32 Field Relay 40 Capabilities Reverse Phase Current Relay 46 • Multi-tasking capability designed for testing protective relays. 0.ARTTS-6 Test Any Protective Relays Relay Type IEEE No.02%.typically . energy meters. digital-fault recorders.1% guaranteed Ground Detector Relay 64 • Relay settings validation Directional Overcurrent Relay 67 • Advanced software program for manual & fully automatic testing Phase Angle Out-of-Step Relay 78 Automatic Reclosing Relay 79 • Realistic representation of panel control & vector quantities Frequency Relay 81 Pilot Wire Receiver Relay 85 • Click & Test feature for efficient. quick testing Lockout Relay 86 Differential Protection Relay 87 Voltage Directional Relay 91 Power Directional Relay 92 Tripping Relay 94 • Test 24 different relay types • Two-way synchronized data exchange • Intuitive graphical user interface • Virtual front panel control • Graphical vector control • Up to nine currents & seven voltages outputs plus auxiliary DC supply • Customizable test report format • Self-calibrating capability 18 | Distance Relay Test Module .

5 0-0.35 0.35 0.6 mV 1.02% of the range • 0.6 mV • Voltage accuracy: ± 0.1% of the value.3 0-15 0-45 0-90 0-30 CONNECTION VOLTAGE V 0-125 0-12.35 230 µA 23 µA 2 µA 230 µA 23 µA 2 µA 460 µA 46 µA 5 µA 230 µA 690 µA 1.1% total maximum distortion • Automatic protection for overload conditions AC/DC Voltage Outputs • Four independent voltage sources with a common neutral • Independent adjustment of voltage outputs • Continuous duty cycle • 28 bit waveform resolution • Stepping or ramping output voltage • Programmable rate of change (± 0.71 0.001 V/s to ± 999 V/s) RANGE 1 2 3 4 5 4X 3X 3X 1X 1X DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT 2 IN SERIES 2 IN PARALLEL 1 2 3 4 5 4X 3X 3X 1X 1X DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT 2 IN SERIES 2 IN PARALLEL 80 160 160 OPTIONAL 300 V OUTPUT 0-300 0-125 0-12.2 mV 4.15 0-30 0-3 0-0.5 0-0.44 0. • Output: 6 x 15A (80 VA) .35 0.18 0.1%.Relay Testing & Simulation | 19 .12 0.38 mA 460 µA POWER VA ZMAX Ohm RESOLUTION 195 195 195 390 97 1. ± 0.02% of the range • 0.1% total maximum distortion • Automatic protection for overloads & counter-feed • Fourth voltage output Specifications Multi-tasking automatic test set designed for testing protection relays.9 mV 190 µV 19 µV 3.06 0.5 0-1 0-250 0-125 POWER VA ZMAX Ohm RESOLUTION 160 240 480 0.5 0-600 0-300 80 80 160 160 1125 195 195 390 97 4.8 mV 1.05% (HP) • Analog measurement inputs • IEC 61850 protocol interface • USB & RS232 port • Controlled by laptop PC or local control by PDA • Lightweight: 18 kg (39.9 µV 190 µV 9.1% of the value. 4 x 300V (80 VA).15 0-15 0-1. ± 0.18 0.9 mV 80 100 160 • Current accuracy: ± 0. energy meters.44 0.18 0.001 A/s to ± 999 A/s) RANGE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 6X 6X 6X 3X 3X 3X 3X 3X 3X 3X 2X 1X 1X CONNECTION CURRENT A DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT DIRECT 2 IN PARALLEL 2 IN PARALLEL 2 IN PARALLEL 2 IN SERIES 3 IN PARALLEL 6 IN PARALLEL 2 SERIES OF +2 IN PARALLEL 0-15 0-1.7 lb) Voltage and Current I/O Configuration ARTTS .Automatic Relay Test Set AC/DC Current Outputs • Six independent current sources with a common neutral • Independent adjustment of current outputs • Continuous duty cycle • 28 bit waveform resolution • Capable of stepping or ramping the current • Programmable rate of change (± 0. & transducers. 1 x 260 VDC • High accuracy: 0. 0.44 0.

Operation Technology. real system measurements.2 10 CFR 50 Appendix B ANSI/ASME N45.477. Suite 100 | Irvine.0200 | info@etap. Each release of ETAP undergoes a complete V&V process using thousands of test cases for each and every calculation module. Certain names and/or logos used in this document may constitute trademarks.2 ANSI/IEEE 730.1. CA 92618 | T 800. established programs.1 ANSI N45. Inc. and hand calculations to ensure its technical accuracy.462.ETAP | T 949.462.etap. Quality Assurance Commitment ETAP is Verified and Validated (V&V) against field results.22 © 2008 Operation Technology. or trade names of Operation Technology.0100 | F 949. service marks. Inc. | 17 Goodyear. All rights reserved. ETAP Quality Assurance program is specifically dedicated to meeting the requirements of: ISO 9001:2000 10 CFR 21 ASME NQA-1 CAN/CSA-Q396. Other brand and product names are trademarks of their respective .