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Physics in Canada

What is Physics?

Physics is the science of matter, energy, and their interactions. Physics covers a wide
range of phenomena, from elementary particles (such as quarks, neutrinos, and
electrons) to superclusters of galaxies. Physics relies upon mathematics to provide
the logical framework in which physical laws may be precisely formulated and
predictions quantified.

Physics Admission Requirements for Canadian Universities.

All colleges and universities, and some community colleges, offer undergraduate
programs in physics. To be admitted to these programs, students must have
completed high school with English, physics, chemistry, and mathematics, and at
least a B average.

What Physics Student Learn?

Since physics is such a fundamental science, students learn to investigate
phenomena, be flexible in their thinking, and test theories according to the scientific
method. Students learn to communicate ideas in spoken and written form.
Enjoyment of problem solving and working with mathematics and computers is
important. In addition to learning about physics, students also gain fundamental
learning skills, applicable to many other branches of science.
Specifically, students learn about the various physical laws. This includes Newton's
three laws of motion, the law of gravity, and the law of conservation of mass-energy.
Students also learn modern physics theories such Einstein's theory of relativity and
wave particle duality. Quantum physics theories include the Heisenberg uncertainty
principle and quantum entanglement and nonlocality.
A typical undergraduate curriculum includes substantial hands-on laboratory work,
and often includes the opportunity for industry study as well.
See the articles on the various subdisciplines of physics for more information on
learning opportunities in these fields.

Research in Physics in Canada

Many of today's technological advancements and developments start from
fundamental research in physics. This includes advanced materials for the next
generation of electronics, more environmentally friendly technologies, and new
medicines and medical procedures. Recent examples are flat screen TVs, medical
imaging instruments, and space probes.

mining. architecture. Most graduates with a PhD are oriented more towards research and development in research institutes. See the various articles on these subjects for recent advances in research. medicine. common careers include astronomy. computing. or research and teaching in universities. and aeronautics. defense. measurement techniques. weather forecasting. Physicists who specialize can also work in meteorology. Graduates with an undergraduate or Master's level degree can work in various industries such as photonics. optics. A physics degree can also be combined with a business degree for those who wish to work in management and administration. space. education. advanced materials. energy production. geophysics.  Career Opportunities in Physics in Canada Physics can be used in almost every modern career. and materials science.Canada hosts the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. This includes x-ray imaging. . They can also work in teaching at the post secondary level while doing research at the same time. and the application of positron emitters for tumors Researchers are also focused on coming up with solutions for instrumentation. or law. and geophysics. which is used to study neutrinos arriving from the sun. or due to an error in current theories. environmental science. automotive. and hospitals. product development. or sales and marketing of physics-related products. medicine. music. space science. SNO is designed to determine whether the currently observed solar neutrino deficit is a result of neutrino oscillations. and model development in many areas. veterinary medicine. astronomy. pharmacy. Research and development can occur in telecommuncations. and can also serve as a career in itself. the use of ultrasound to produce local thermal therapy for cancer treatment. or at the high school level with an additional education degree. See these articles for more information. In addition to physics. the automotive industry. A background in physics can also be used for a further degree in engineering. This includes lasers and optics. computers. electricity and magnetism. nuclear science. medicine. computer simulations for radiotherapy treatment planning. and physical chemistry. semiconductors. law. various industries. dentistry. There is also ongoing research into medical physic. nanotechnology. the nuclear industry.