Design Calculation-glass Balustrade

© All Rights Reserved

1.9K views

Design Calculation-glass Balustrade

© All Rights Reserved

- Glass Thickness Ce
- Design of Glass Balustrade
- Structural Glass
- Railing Sample Calculation
- Principles of Curtain Walling
- Structural Glass Design
- Glass Panel.xls
- Glass Laminate Thicness - No Reduc for Cantilever Glass
- Glass Handbook
- Point Fixing Glass
- Strength Design Methods_for Glass Structures
- Sample Railing Calculation to Euro Code
- Sample Calculations to Australian Standard AS1170 for design loads for a Post to a Barrier
- Facade Notes
- Glass Deflection
- FIN GLASS 6.xls
- Handrail Calculation
- Calculation
- Bolted Connection in Glass Structure
- Handrail Design

You are on page 1of 8

I.

General

1. Design Philosophy - PREAMBLE

The purpose of this calculation is to verify the thickness of glass and its

supporting structure for its integrity, strength and stability verification.

The result of this conclusion is that the structure considered adequate

in meeting the required of design criteria.

The balustrade at the balcony area comprises of 16mm thick clear

tempered glass fixed as per the shop drawings. The model has been

analysed for the various load combinations as explained in the load

built-up.

2. Unit of Measurement

Unit of measurement in design shall be in Metric system.

II.

Design Calculations

1. Design Code and reference:

Loading as per BS 6399 Part 1, 1996

Wind loads as per BS 6399 Part 2, 1997

2. Materials

GLASS PROPERTIES

16mm thick clear tempered glass

The modulus of elasticity E = 72.7 GPa

The modulus of Shear G = 29.6 GPa

The modulus of Rupture = 41.4 MPa

Poisson Ratio = 0.23

Density = 24.525 KN/m3

Flexure Strength = 41MPa = 41 N/mm2

3. Loading

Dead Load Self weight is considered

The Forces acting on the Handrails apart from self weight are

as follows which is complying with the required standards:

Loading as per BS 6399 Part 1, 1996 Table 4 Minimum horizontal

imposed loads for balustrades has been considered.

The occupancy type used is C3 Group (ix)

KN/m

Horizontal uniformly distributed load applied to the infill area 1.0

KN/m2

Point Load applied to part of the infill of glass 0.50 KN

Wind loads calculations as per BS 6399 Part 2, 1997:

Wind loads (WL) calculated as per BS 6399 Part 2 1997:

Basic wind speed Vb = 45.0 m/sec

Hourly basic mean wind speed = Basic Wind speed / gust factor

Gust factor = 3.19 as per Table 24 with effective height <10m &

Diagonal dimensions 10m

Hourly basic mean wind speed = 45 / 3.19 = 14.1m/s

Hence, hourly basic mean wind speed taken as 25 m/s which is DM

Standard.

Design wind speed Vs = Vb x Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp

Where,

Sa Altitude factor = 1.0

Sd Directional factor = 1.0

Ss Seasonal factor = 1.0

Sp Probability factor = 1.0

Design wind speed Vs = Vb x Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp

Design wind speed Vs = 25 X 1 X 1 X 1 X 1

Design wind speed Vs = 25 m/s

Wind pressure q = k Ve2

K Constant = 0.613

Effective Wind Speed Ve = Vs X Sb

Sb Terrain and Building factor from Table 4 at 2 KM from sea at height

of 5m with site in country side,

By interpolation, Sb = 1.45

Ve = 36.25 m/s

Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (36.25)2

Wind pressure q = 806 N/m2 or 0.806 KN/m2

The maximum and minimum pressure coefficients are calculated from

Table 5, using span ratio of the glass.

Cp = -0.60,

Net wind Pressure = Cp X q

Net windward (front face) wind pressure q = 0.60 X 0.806 = 0.484

KN/m2

4. Load Combinations

Ultimate load factors are considered.

Design & Ultimate factors are considered.

As per BS standard,

UL = 1.2 DL + 1.2 WL

And for deflection,

UL = 0.9 DL + 0.8 WL

5. Design Method

The analysis is carried out for Glass Balustrade manually on the

tempered glass of 16mm thick is supported at the bottom acting as

cantilever with clear span of 1.050m and the effective width shall be

considered as 0.90m c/c. The Glass properties are input and the

working stress is controlled to 41 N/mm2.

(A)DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE CLEAR TEMPERED GLASS 16MM TH

Design of Glass to be checked against Bending and Deflection:

The Average Physical and Mechanical Properties of Soda Lime

Float Glass

GPa)

Modulus of Rigidity (Shear) (G) -- 4.3 x 106 psi (29.6 x 109 Pa = 29.6

GPa)

Poisson's Ratio -- 0.23

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion -- 4.6 x 10-6 strain per oF (8.3 x 10-6

strain per oC)

Density -- 156 lbs. per cubic foot (2500 kg/m3)

Modulus of Rupture (Flexure)a -- 6000 lbs/sq. in. (41.4 mpa):

(mean)

(design: 8 breaks in

1000)b

Annealed Glass --

Heat-Strengthened Glass -- 12,000 psi (83 MPa) 5,600 psi (39 MPa)

Fully Tempered Glass -- 24,000 psi (166 MPa)

MPa)

considered to analyse and check the glass design.

Hence, Maximum clear span of Glass Panel is considered as 0.90 m as

per attached sketches.

1. Horizontal uniformly distributed line load at the top as

per BS 0.74 KN/m

2. Horizontal uniformly distributed load applied to the infill

area as per BS 1.0 KN/m2

3. Point Load applied to part of the infill applied at the top

end of glass as per BS 0.50 KN

4. Wind Load front face as per above calculations is 0.484

KN/m2

GLASS CALCULATIONS

The Glass is considered of size 900mm X 16mm thick with 1050mm

high.

Horizontal Load and moment acting at the support is calculated as

mentioned below:

Case 1:

Horizontal load = 0.740 KN/m

Maximum Moment developed by the above forces from the bottom

surface i.e. at a distance of 1.050m.

Mx1 = 0.777KNm

Case 2:

Horizontal load = 1.0 X 0.945 = 0.945 KN

Distance from the centre of loading to the bottom surface = 1.050/2 =

0.525m

Maximum Moment developed by the above forces from the bottom

surface i.e. at a distance of 0.525m.

Mx1 = (0.945) X 0.525

Mx1 = 0.496KNm

Case 3:

Maximum Moment developed by the above forces from the bottom

surface i.e. at a distance of 1.050m.

Mx1 = (0.50) X 1.050

Mx1 = 0.525KNm

Case 4: Wind Load

Check for Moment:

The width of the glass railing structure is considered as 900mm,

Hence, the wind load acting is calculated as mentioned below

WL = 0.90 X 0.484 = 0.435 KN/m.

Factored Load = 1.2 X 0.435 = 0.522 KN/m

Maximum Bending Moment due to the above loading criteria for a span

of 1.050 m

B.M (max) = w l2 /8

B.M (max) = 0.522 X (1.050)2 /8

B.M (max) = 0.072KNm

needs to be checked and verified with the existing glass structure. The

Moment of resistance of the section must be larger than above value.

Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)

MR = Z x P o

Z = Sectional Modulus

Z=I

xx

Moment of Inertia & Sectional Modulus are calculated as below:

The moment of inertia Ixx = bd3/12 = 900 X 163 / 12,

I

xx

= 307,200 mm4

Z =38400 mm3

MR = 38400 X 166

MR = 6.374KNm which is greater than the 0.777KNm

The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending

moment. Hence the section used to resist the ultimate loads supported

is safe.

Check for Deflection for wind load:

= WL4 / (8 EI)

< L / 360

E = 72000 MPa

I xx = 307,200 mm4 as shown above,

Loading shall be considered as 80% of the Ultimate load in calculating

the deflection,

W = 0.80 X 0.484 = 0.387 KN/m

= (0.387) X (1050)4 /(8 X 72000 X 307200)

Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.

= 2.66mm

L/360 = 1050 / 360

L/360 = 2.917mm

Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.

Check for Deflection for case 1 load:

= PL3 / (48 EI)

< L / 200

E = 70000 MPa

I xx = 307200 mm4 as shown above,

Loading shall be considered as 80% of the Ultimate load in calculating

the deflection,

P = 0.80 X 0.740 = 0.592 KN = 592 N

= (592) X (1050)3 /(48 X 72000 X 307200)

Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.

= 0.646 mm

L/360 = 1050 / 360

L/360 = 2.917mm

< 2.917mm

Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.

Check for shear force:

Shear Force acting = 0.740 KN

Shear Force developed due to the section = Shear Stress X Area

Shear Force = 64 X 14400 = 921.60 KN

Hence, the shear force developed is more than the required from the

design calculations.

Conclusion:

All sections used are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.

- Glass Thickness CeUploaded byD.Cristian
- Design of Glass BalustradeUploaded byCristiana Gruia
- Structural GlassUploaded bysamgivp2869
- Railing Sample CalculationUploaded byAKVISHWA
- Principles of Curtain WallingUploaded bysiju12
- Structural Glass DesignUploaded bygks6043
- Glass Panel.xlsUploaded byEIWAA
- Glass Laminate Thicness - No Reduc for Cantilever GlassUploaded byLaurence Sarmiento
- Glass HandbookUploaded byiftikharzai
- Point Fixing GlassUploaded byAnthony Ruth
- Strength Design Methods_for Glass StructuresUploaded byasdriana
- Sample Railing Calculation to Euro CodeUploaded byEric Ng S L
- Sample Calculations to Australian Standard AS1170 for design loads for a Post to a BarrierUploaded byConrad Harrison
- Facade NotesUploaded bycastlemadrid
- Glass DeflectionUploaded bywaweng22
- FIN GLASS 6.xlsUploaded byEIWAA
- Handrail CalculationUploaded bysuresh_viki
- CalculationUploaded byLaurence Sarmiento
- Bolted Connection in Glass StructureUploaded byCristiana Gruia
- Handrail DesignUploaded byMuhamadGustiMuharama
- Structural Handrail DesignUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Glass Fin Calculation in LTBUploaded byAmro Ahmad Ali
- Glass CalculationUploaded bypradeeshpg
- CW SAMPLEUploaded byLaurence Sarmiento
- Astm e 1300Uploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Glass in BuildingsUploaded byPranay Varma
- Load CalculationUploaded byvpshreekanth
- Design Calculation-skylight StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Code of Practice for Structural use of glass 2018.pdfUploaded byYap
- E 1300 - 12ae1Uploaded byPrabartak Das

- Structural Glass Design-UBCUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculations for Cabana Roof StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculation-parapet Steel StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculation-front Steel StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Steel Support StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculation-skylight StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculations for Aluminium Cw ProfileUploaded bymsiddiq1
- 1-grcUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculation- Bulkhead Support StructureUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Acp Runner Design CalculationsUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Base Connection DesignUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Pipes Schedule 40 Chart Gives Dimensions of Steel Pipes Schedule 40Uploaded bymsiddiq1
- StructuralGlass.xlsUploaded byErick Santiago Cubillos
- Beam ConnectionUploaded byAlpha
- Pipe ChartUploaded bylink2u_007
- Beam Column Web ConnectionsUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Beam Column Flange ConnectionsUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculations for Aluminium Profile-13794Uploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculations for Aluminium Profile-cw11-13072-r1Uploaded bymsiddiq1
- Base Plate Design-Umbrella Car ParkUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculations for Umbrella Carparksheds-PVCUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Footing DesignUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Design Calculation FoundationUploaded bymsiddiq1
- FoundationUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Structural Handrail DesignUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Structural Glass Design-BS6399.docUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Structural Glass Design-CP3.docUploaded bymsiddiq1
- Base Plate 1Uploaded bymsiddiq1

- Self & Mutual InductanceUploaded byImran Parvez
- MRP Example2Uploaded byAnonymous ffje1rpa
- Bombardier Business Aircraft 2015 2024 Market Forecast EnUploaded byBlueOneGauss
- 48-People vs Garcia(1997)Uploaded byLexter Cruz
- aKronUploaded byOlinad1989
- Carbon Nanotube Super CapacitorsUploaded byKowsalya Palanisamy
- edtpa lesson planUploaded byapi-395310366
- Ridley Scott Auteur Essay.docxUploaded byKira Moore
- Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Skeletal StructureUploaded byStefanie Henry
- rubric for webquestUploaded byapi-326293795
- He LibroUploaded byAbraham Imam Muttaqin
- geocaching merit badge pamphlet 35836.pdfUploaded byJorge L. Ruiz
- Accounting Principle Kieso 8e_Ch08Uploaded bySania M. Jayanti
- Rest TrainingUploaded byslyde77
- Langerhan's Cell HistiocytosisUploaded byEmily Eresuma
- Moisture AnalysisUploaded bykiwi27_87
- Hegarty 1978Uploaded byEugenio Rangel León
- Compressor Rotor Failure Due to FoulingUploaded byAbdelkader Tayebi
- WB_Báo cáo KT Đông Á & CA TBD 2011Uploaded byDo Duy Khanh
- IT Q&AUploaded byKishore Kumar
- Reflective EssayUploaded byMarcus JuliusErving Huggins
- 00+BIT+11003Uploaded bydexjh
- Example Relating to PostingsUploaded byravibabu1620
- Mechanical VibrationsUploaded byhusnain_inayat8610
- Watson Metal Products_ Threaded rods to Grade 5Uploaded byameensderaj
- 100928-01Uploaded byjamesstudios8
- Forecasting food prices The case of corn, soybeans and wheat.pdfUploaded byLuis Fernando
- jess2ps.pdfUploaded byRajarshi Chatterjee
- 2001-1Uploaded byKhoa Nguyen Dang
- 61SiCr7Uploaded byRaduIon