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Index to Tables in SI Units Table A-1 Table A-2 Table A-3 Table A-4 Table A-5 Table A-6 Table A-7 Table A-8 Table A-9 Table A-10 Table A-11 Table A-12 Table A-13 Table A-14 Table A-15 Table A-16 Table A-17 Table A-18 Table A-19 Table A-20 Table A-21 Table A-22 Table A-23 Table A-24 Table A-25 Table A-26 Table A-27 Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds 890 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 891 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 893 Properties of Superheated Water Vapor 895 Properties of Compressed Liquid Water 899 Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table 900 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 901 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 902 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor 903 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 907 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 908 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor 909 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 912 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 913 Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor 914 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 918 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 919 Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor 920 Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, r, and k. 924 Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases 925 Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases 926 Ideal Gas Properties of Air 927 Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases 929 Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State 933 Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 298 K and 1 atm 934 Standard Molar Chemical Exergy, ech (kJ/kmol), of Selected Substances at 298 K and p0 935 Logarithms to the Base 10 of the Equilibrium Constant K 936 889 890 Tables in SI Units Table A-1 TABLE A-1 Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds p cvc RTc Substance Chemical Formula Acetylene Air (equivalent) Ammonia C2H2 — NH3 26.04 28.97 17.03 309 133 406 62.8 37.7 112.8 0.274 0.284 0.242 Argon Benzene Butane Ar C6H6 C4H10 39.94 78.11 58.12 151 563 425 48.6 49.3 38.0 0.290 0.274 0.274 Carbon Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide C CO2 CO 12.01 44.01 28.01 — 304 133 — 73.9 35.0 — 0.276 0.294 Copper Ethane Ethanol Cu C2H6 C2H5OH 63.54 30.07 46.07 — 305 516 — 48.8 63.8 — 0.285 0.249 Ethylene Helium Hydrogen C2H4 He H2 28.05 4.003 2.016 283 5.2 33.2 51.2 2.3 13.0 0.270 0.300 0.304 Methane Methanol Nitrogen CH4 CH3OH N2 16.04 32.04 28.01 191 513 126 46.4 79.5 33.9 0.290 0.220 0.291 Octane Oxygen Propane C8H18 O2 C3H8 114.22 32.00 44.09 569 154 370 24.9 50.5 42.7 0.258 0.290 0.276 Propylene Refrigerant 12 Refrigerant 22 C3H6 CCl2F2 CHClF2 42.08 120.92 86.48 365 385 369 46.2 41.2 49.8 0.276 0.278 0.267 Refrigerant 134a Sulfur dioxide Water CF3CH2F SO2 H2O 102.03 64.06 18.02 374 431 647.3 40.7 78.7 220.9 0.260 0.268 0.233 M (kg/kmol) Tc (K) pc (bar) Zc 5 Sources: Adapted from International Critical Tables and L. C. Nelson and E. F. Obert, Generalized Compressibility Charts, Chem. Eng., 61: 203 (1954). 891 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-2 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Temp. 8C Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug .01 4 5 6 8 0.00611 0.00813 0.00872 0.00935 0.01072 1.0002 1.0001 1.0001 1.0001 1.0002 206.136 157.232 147.120 137.734 120.917 0.00 16.77 20.97 25.19 33.59 2375.3 2380.9 2382.3 2383.6 2386.4 10 11 12 13 14 0.01228 0.01312 0.01402 0.01497 0.01598 1.0004 1.0004 1.0005 1.0007 1.0008 106.379 99.857 93.784 88.124 82.848 42.00 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.79 15 16 17 18 19 0.01705 0.01818 0.01938 0.02064 0.02198 1.0009 1.0011 1.0012 1.0014 1.0016 77.926 73.333 69.044 65.038 61.293 20 21 22 23 24 0.02339 0.02487 0.02645 0.02810 0.02985 1.0018 1.0020 1.0022 1.0024 1.0027 25 26 27 28 29 0.03169 0.03363 0.03567 0.03782 0.04008 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 40 45 Enthalpy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid hf Entropy kJ/kg ? K Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 0.01 16.78 20.98 25.20 33.60 2501.3 2491.9 2489.6 2487.2 2482.5 2501.4 2508.7 2510.6 2512.4 2516.1 0.0000 0.0610 0.0761 0.0912 0.1212 9.1562 9.0514 9.0257 9.0003 8.9501 .01 4 5 6 8 2389.2 2390.5 2391.9 2393.3 2394.7 42.01 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.80 2477.7 2475.4 2473.0 2470.7 2468.3 2519.8 2521.6 2523.4 2525.3 2527.1 0.1510 0.1658 0.1806 0.1953 0.2099 8.9008 8.8765 8.8524 8.8285 8.8048 10 11 12 13 14 62.99 67.18 71.38 75.57 79.76 2396.1 2397.4 2398.8 2400.2 2401.6 62.99 67.19 71.38 75.58 79.77 2465.9 2463.6 2461.2 2458.8 2456.5 2528.9 2530.8 2532.6 2534.4 2536.2 0.2245 0.2390 0.2535 0.2679 0.2823 8.7814 8.7582 8.7351 8.7123 8.6897 15 16 17 18 19 57.791 54.514 51.447 48.574 45.883 83.95 88.14 92.32 96.51 100.70 2402.9 2404.3 2405.7 2407.0 2408.4 83.96 88.14 92.33 96.52 100.70 2454.1 2451.8 2449.4 2447.0 2444.7 2538.1 2539.9 2541.7 2543.5 2545.4 0.2966 0.3109 0.3251 0.3393 0.3534 8.6672 8.6450 8.6229 8.6011 8.5794 20 21 22 23 24 1.0029 1.0032 1.0035 1.0037 1.0040 43.360 40.994 38.774 36.690 34.733 104.88 109.06 113.25 117.42 121.60 2409.8 2411.1 2412.5 2413.9 2415.2 104.89 109.07 113.25 117.43 121.61 2442.3 2439.9 2437.6 2435.2 2432.8 2547.2 2549.0 2550.8 2552.6 2554.5 0.3674 0.3814 0.3954 0.4093 0.4231 8.5580 8.5367 8.5156 8.4946 8.4739 25 26 27 28 29 0.04246 0.04496 0.04759 0.05034 0.05324 1.0043 1.0046 1.0050 1.0053 1.0056 32.894 31.165 29.540 28.011 26.571 125.78 129.96 134.14 138.32 142.50 2416.6 2418.0 2419.3 2420.7 2422.0 125.79 129.97 134.15 138.33 142.50 2430.5 2428.1 2425.7 2423.4 2421.0 2556.3 2558.1 2559.9 2561.7 2563.5 0.4369 0.4507 0.4644 0.4781 0.4917 8.4533 8.4329 8.4127 8.3927 8.3728 30 31 32 33 34 0.05628 0.05947 0.06632 0.07384 0.09593 1.0060 1.0063 1.0071 1.0078 1.0099 25.216 23.940 21.602 19.523 15.258 146.67 150.85 159.20 167.56 188.44 2423.4 2424.7 2427.4 2430.1 2436.8 146.68 150.86 159.21 167.57 188.45 2418.6 2416.2 2411.5 2406.7 2394.8 2565.3 2567.1 2570.7 2574.3 2583.2 0.5053 0.5188 0.5458 0.5725 0.6387 8.3531 8.3336 8.2950 8.2570 8.1648 35 36 38 40 45 Temp. 8C H2O ersions: Pressure Conv a 1 bar = 0.1 MP 2 = 10 kPa 892 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-2 (Continued) H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Temp. 8C Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 50 55 60 65 70 .1235 .1576 .1994 .2503 .3119 1.0121 1.0146 1.0172 1.0199 1.0228 12.032 9.568 7.671 6.197 5.042 209.32 230.21 251.11 272.02 292.95 2443.5 2450.1 2456.6 2463.1 2469.6 209.33 230.23 251.13 272.06 292.98 2382.7 2370.7 2358.5 2346.2 2333.8 2592.1 2600.9 2609.6 2618.3 2626.8 .7038 .7679 .8312 .8935 .9549 8.0763 7.9913 7.9096 7.8310 7.7553 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 .3858 .4739 .5783 .7014 .8455 1.0259 1.0291 1.0325 1.0360 1.0397 4.131 3.407 2.828 2.361 1.982 313.90 334.86 355.84 376.85 397.88 2475.9 2482.2 2488.4 2494.5 2500.6 313.93 334.91 355.90 376.92 397.96 2321.4 2308.8 2296.0 2283.2 2270.2 2635.3 2643.7 2651.9 2660.1 2668.1 1.0155 1.0753 1.1343 1.1925 1.2500 7.6824 7.6122 7.5445 7.4791 7.4159 75 80 85 90 95 Temp. 8C 100 110 120 130 140 1.014 1.433 1.985 2.701 3.613 1.0435 1.0516 1.0603 1.0697 1.0797 1.673 1.210 0.8919 0.6685 0.5089 418.94 461.14 503.50 546.02 588.74 2506.5 2518.1 2529.3 2539.9 2550.0 419.04 461.30 503.71 546.31 589.13 2257.0 2230.2 2202.6 2174.2 2144.7 2676.1 2691.5 2706.3 2720.5 2733.9 1.3069 1.4185 1.5276 1.6344 1.7391 7.3549 7.2387 7.1296 7.0269 6.9299 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 4.758 6.178 7.917 10.02 12.54 1.0905 1.1020 1.1143 1.1274 1.1414 0.3928 0.3071 0.2428 0.1941 0.1565 631.68 674.86 718.33 762.09 806.19 2559.5 2568.4 2576.5 2583.7 2590.0 632.20 675.55 719.21 763.22 807.62 2114.3 2082.6 2049.5 2015.0 1978.8 2746.5 2758.1 2768.7 2778.2 2786.4 1.8418 1.9427 2.0419 2.1396 2.2359 6.8379 6.7502 6.6663 6.5857 6.5079 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 15.54 19.06 23.18 27.95 33.44 1.1565 1.1726 1.1900 1.2088 1.2291 0.1274 0.1044 0.08619 0.07158 0.05976 850.65 895.53 940.87 986.74 1033.2 2595.3 2599.5 2602.4 2603.9 2604.0 852.45 897.76 943.62 990.12 1037.3 1940.7 1900.7 1858.5 1813.8 1766.5 2793.2 2798.5 2802.1 2804.0 2803.8 2.3309 2.4248 2.5178 2.6099 2.7015 6.4323 6.3585 6.2861 6.2146 6.1437 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 39.73 46.88 54.99 64.12 74.36 1.2512 1.2755 1.3023 1.3321 1.3656 0.05013 0.04221 0.03564 0.03017 0.02557 1080.4 1128.4 1177.4 1227.5 1278.9 2602.4 2599.0 2593.7 2586.1 2576.0 1085.4 1134.4 1184.5 1236.0 1289.1 1716.2 1662.5 1605.2 1543.6 1477.1 2801.5 2796.6 2789.7 2779.6 2766.2 2.7927 2.8838 2.9751 3.0668 3.1594 6.0730 6.0019 5.9301 5.8571 5.7821 250 260 270 280 290 85.81 112.7 145.9 186.5 220.9 1.4036 1.4988 1.6379 1.8925 3.155 0.02167 0.01549 0.01080 0.006945 0.003155 1332.0 1444.6 1570.3 1725.2 2029.6 2563.0 2525.5 2464.6 2351.5 2029.6 1344.0 1461.5 1594.2 1760.5 2099.3 1404.9 1238.6 1027.9 720.5 0 2749.0 2700.1 2622.0 2481.0 2099.3 3.2534 3.4480 3.6594 3.9147 4.4298 5.7045 5.5362 5.3357 5.0526 4.4298 300 320 340 360 374.14 300 320 340 360 374.14 Source: Tables A-2 through A-5 are extracted from J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1969. Tables in SI Units 893 TABLE A-3 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 28.96 36.16 41.51 45.81 60.06 1.0040 1.0064 1.0084 1.0102 1.0172 34.800 23.739 18.103 14.674 7.649 121.45 151.53 173.87 191.82 251.38 2415.2 2425.0 2432.2 2437.9 2456.7 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 69.10 75.87 81.33 85.94 89.95 1.0223 1.0265 1.0300 1.0331 1.0360 5.229 3.993 3.240 2.732 2.365 289.20 317.53 340.44 359.79 376.63 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 93.50 96.71 99.63 111.4 120.2 1.0380 1.0410 1.0432 1.0528 1.0605 2.087 1.869 1.694 1.159 0.8857 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 127.4 133.6 138.9 143.6 147.9 1.0672 1.0732 1.0786 1.0836 1.0882 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 151.9 158.9 165.0 170.4 175.4 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 Enthalpy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid hf Entropy kJ/kg ? K Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 121.46 151.53 173.88 191.83 251.40 2432.9 2415.9 2403.1 2392.8 2358.3 2554.4 2567.4 2577.0 2584.7 2609.7 0.4226 0.5210 0.5926 0.6493 0.8320 8.4746 8.3304 8.2287 8.1502 7.9085 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 2468.4 2477.0 2483.9 2489.6 2494.5 289.23 317.58 340.49 359.86 376.70 2336.1 2319.2 2305.4 2293.6 2283.3 2625.3 2636.8 2645.9 2653.5 2660.0 0.9439 1.0259 1.0910 1.1453 1.1919 7.7686 7.6700 7.5939 7.5320 7.4797 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 391.58 405.06 417.36 466.94 504.49 2498.8 2502.6 2506.1 2519.7 2529.5 391.66 405.15 417.46 467.11 504.70 2274.1 2265.7 2258.0 2226.5 2201.9 2665.8 2670.9 2675.5 2693.6 2706.7 1.2329 1.2695 1.3026 1.4336 1.5301 7.4346 7.3949 7.3594 7.2233 7.1271 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 0.7187 0.6058 0.5243 0.4625 0.4140 535.10 561.15 583.95 604.31 622.25 2537.2 2543.6 2546.9 2553.6 2557.6 535.37 561.47 584.33 604.74 623.25 2181.5 2163.8 2148.1 2133.8 2120.7 2716.9 2725.3 2732.4 2738.6 2743.9 1.6072 1.6718 1.7275 1.7766 1.8207 7.0527 6.9919 6.9405 6.8959 6.8565 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 1.0926 1.1006 1.1080 1.1148 1.1212 0.3749 0.3157 0.2729 0.2404 0.2150 639.68 669.90 696.44 720.22 741.83 2561.2 2567.4 2572.5 2576.8 2580.5 640.23 670.56 697.22 721.11 742.83 2108.5 2086.3 2066.3 2048.0 2031.1 2748.7 2756.8 2763.5 2769.1 2773.9 1.8607 1.9312 1.9922 2.0462 2.0946 6.8212 6.7600 6.7080 6.6628 6.6226 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 179.9 198.3 212.4 224.0 233.9 1.1273 1.1539 1.1767 1.1973 1.2165 0.1944 0.1318 0.09963 0.07998 0.06668 761.68 843.16 906.44 959.11 1004.8 2583.6 2594.5 2600.3 2603.1 2604.1 762.81 844.84 908.79 962.11 1008.4 2015.3 1947.3 1890.7 1841.0 1795.7 2778.1 2792.2 2799.5 2803.1 2804.2 2.1387 2.3150 2.4474 2.5547 2.6457 6.5863 6.4448 6.3409 6.2575 6.1869 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 242.6 250.4 257.5 264.0 275.6 1.2347 1.2522 1.2692 1.2859 1.3187 0.05707 0.04978 0.04406 0.03944 0.03244 1045.4 1082.3 1116.2 1147.8 1205.4 2603.7 2602.3 2600.1 2597.1 2589.7 1049.8 1087.3 1121.9 1154.2 1213.4 1753.7 1714.1 1676.4 1640.1 1571.0 2803.4 2801.4 2798.3 2794.3 2784.3 2.7253 2.7964 2.8610 2.9202 3.0267 6.1253 6.0701 6.0199 5.9734 5.8892 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110. 285.9 295.1 303.4 311.1 318.2 1.3513 1.3842 1.4178 1.4524 1.4886 0.02737 0.02352 0.02048 0.01803 0.01599 1257.6 1305.6 1350.5 1393.0 1433.7 2580.5 2569.8 2557.8 2544.4 2529.8 1267.0 1316.6 1363.3 1407.6 1450.1 1505.1 1441.3 1378.9 1317.1 1255.5 2772.1 2758.0 2742.1 2724.7 2705.6 3.1211 3.2068 3.2858 3.3596 3.4295 5.8133 5.7432 5.6772 5.6141 5.5527 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110. Press. bar Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Press. bar H2O ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 1 bar = 0.1 2 = 10 kPa 894 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-3 (Continued) H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 324.8 330.9 336.8 342.2 347.4 1.5267 1.5671 1.6107 1.6581 1.7107 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 352.4 357.1 361.5 365.8 374.1 1.7702 1.8397 1.9243 2.036 3.155 Press. bar Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 0.01426 0.01278 0.01149 0.01034 0.009306 1473.0 1511.1 1548.6 1585.6 1622.7 2513.7 2496.1 2476.8 2455.5 2431.7 1491.3 1531.5 1571.1 1610.5 1650.1 1193.6 1130.7 1066.5 1000.0 930.6 2684.9 2662.2 2637.6 2610.5 2580.6 3.4962 3.5606 3.6232 3.6848 3.7461 5.4924 5.4323 5.3717 5.3098 5.2455 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 0.008364 0.007489 0.006657 0.005834 0.003155 1660.2 1698.9 1739.9 1785.6 2029.6 2405.0 2374.3 2338.1 2293.0 2029.6 1690.3 1732.0 1776.5 1826.3 2099.3 856.9 777.1 688.0 583.4 0 2547.2 2509.1 2464.5 2409.7 2099.3 3.8079 3.8715 3.9388 4.0139 4.4298 5.1777 5.1044 5.0228 4.9269 4.4298 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 Press. bar Tables in SI Units 895 TABLE A-4 Properties of Superheated Water Vapor u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 0.06 bar 5 0.006 MPa (Tsat 5 36.168C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 0.35 bar 5 0.035 MPa (Tsat 5 72.698C) Sat. 80 120 23.739 27.132 30.219 2425.0 2487.3 2544.7 2567.4 2650.1 2726.0 8.3304 8.5804 8.7840 4.526 4.625 5.163 2473.0 2483.7 2542.4 2631.4 2645.6 2723.1 7.7158 7.7564 7.9644 160 200 240 33.302 36.383 39.462 2602.7 2661.4 2721.0 2802.5 2879.7 2957.8 8.9693 9.1398 9.2982 5.696 6.228 6.758 2601.2 2660.4 2720.3 2800.6 2878.4 2956.8 8.1519 8.3237 8.4828 280 320 360 42.540 45.618 48.696 2781.5 2843.0 2905.5 3036.8 3116.7 3197.7 9.4464 9.5859 9.7180 7.287 7.815 8.344 2780.9 2842.5 2905.1 3036.0 3116.1 3197.1 8.6314 8.7712 8.9034 400 440 500 51.774 54.851 59.467 2969.0 3033.5 3132.3 3279.6 3362.6 3489.1 9.8435 9.9633 10.1336 8.872 9.400 10.192 2968.6 3033.2 3132.1 3279.2 3362.2 3488.8 9.0291 9.1490 9.3194 p 5 0.70 bar 5 0.07 MPa (Tsat 5 89.958C) p 5 1.0 bar 5 0.10 MPa (Tsat 5 99.638C) Sat. 100 120 2.365 2.434 2.571 2494.5 2509.7 2539.7 2660.0 2680.0 2719.6 7.4797 7.5341 7.6375 1.694 1.696 1.793 2506.1 2506.7 2537.3 2675.5 2676.2 2716.6 7.3594 7.3614 7.4668 160 200 240 2.841 3.108 3.374 2599.4 2659.1 2719.3 2798.2 2876.7 2955.5 7.8279 8.0012 8.1611 1.984 2.172 2.359 2597.8 2658.1 2718.5 2796.2 2875.3 2954.5 7.6597 7.8343 7.9949 280 320 360 3.640 3.905 4.170 2780.2 2842.0 2904.6 3035.0 3115.3 3196.5 8.3162 8.4504 8.5828 2.546 2.732 2.917 2779.6 2841.5 2904.2 3034.2 3114.6 3195.9 8.1445 8.2849 8.4175 400 440 500 4.434 4.698 5.095 2968.2 3032.9 3131.8 3278.6 3361.8 3488.5 8.7086 8.8286 8.9991 3.103 3.288 3.565 2967.9 3032.6 3131.6 3278.2 3361.4 3488.1 8.5435 8.6636 8.8342 p 5 1.5 bar 5 0.15 MPa (Tsat 5 111.378C) p 5 3.0 bar 5 0.30 MPa (Tsat 5 133.558C) Sat. 120 160 1.159 1.188 1.317 2519.7 2533.3 2595.2 2693.6 2711.4 2792.8 7.2233 7.2693 7.4665 0.606 2543.6 2725.3 6.9919 0.651 2587.1 2782.3 7.1276 200 240 280 1.444 1.570 1.695 2656.2 2717.2 2778.6 2872.9 2952.7 3032.8 7.6433 7.8052 7.9555 0.716 0.781 0.844 2650.7 2713.1 2775.4 2865.5 2947.3 3028.6 7.3115 7.4774 7.6299 320 360 400 1.819 1.943 2.067 2840.6 2903.5 2967.3 3113.5 3195.0 3277.4 8.0964 8.2293 8.3555 0.907 0.969 1.032 2838.1 2901.4 2965.6 3110.1 3192.2 3275.0 7.7722 7.9061 8.0330 440 500 600 2.191 2.376 2.685 3032.1 3131.2 3301.7 3360.7 3487.6 3704.3 8.4757 8.6466 8.9101 1.094 1.187 1.341 3030.6 3130.0 3300.8 3358.7 3486.0 3703.2 8.1538 8.3251 8.5892 Pressure Conv ersions: 1 bar = 0.1 MP a = 10 2 kPa H2O T 8C 896 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-4 (Continued) T 8C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg H2O p 5 5.0 bar 5 0.50 MPa (Tsat 5 151.868C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 7.0 bar 5 0.70 MPa (Tsat 5 164.978C) Sat. 180 200 0.3749 0.4045 0.4249 2561.2 2609.7 2642.9 2748.7 2812.0 2855.4 6.8213 6.9656 7.0592 0.2729 0.2847 0.2999 2572.5 2599.8 2634.8 2763.5 2799.1 2844.8 6.7080 6.7880 6.8865 240 280 320 0.4646 0.5034 0.5416 2707.6 2771.2 2834.7 2939.9 3022.9 3105.6 7.2307 7.3865 7.5308 0.3292 0.3574 0.3852 2701.8 2766.9 2831.3 2932.2 3017.1 3100.9 7.0641 7.2233 7.3697 360 400 440 0.5796 0.6173 0.6548 2898.7 2963.2 3028.6 3188.4 3271.9 3356.0 7.6660 7.7938 7.9152 0.4126 0.4397 0.4667 2895.8 2960.9 3026.6 3184.7 3268.7 3353.3 7.5063 7.6350 7.7571 500 600 700 0.7109 0.8041 0.8969 3128.4 3299.6 3477.5 3483.9 3701.7 3925.9 8.0873 8.3522 8.5952 0.5070 0.5738 0.6403 3126.8 3298.5 3476.6 3481.7 3700.2 3924.8 7.9299 8.1956 8.4391 p 5 10.0 bar 5 1.0 MPa (Tsat 5 179.918C) p 5 15.0 bar 5 1.5 MPa (Tsat 5 198.328C) Sat. 200 240 0.1944 0.2060 0.2275 2583.6 2621.9 2692.9 2778.1 2827.9 2920.4 6.5865 6.6940 6.8817 0.1318 0.1325 0.1483 2594.5 2598.1 2676.9 2792.2 2796.8 2899.3 6.4448 6.4546 6.6628 280 320 360 0.2480 0.2678 0.2873 2760.2 2826.1 2891.6 3008.2 3093.9 3178.9 7.0465 7.1962 7.3349 0.1627 0.1765 0.1899 2748.6 2817.1 2884.4 2992.7 3081.9 3169.2 6.8381 6.9938 7.1363 400 440 500 0.3066 0.3257 0.3541 2957.3 3023.6 3124.4 3263.9 3349.3 3478.5 7.4651 7.5883 7.7622 0.2030 0.2160 0.2352 2951.3 3018.5 3120.3 3255.8 3342.5 3473.1 7.2690 7.3940 7.5698 540 600 640 0.3729 0.4011 0.4198 3192.6 3296.8 3367.4 3565.6 3697.9 3787.2 7.8720 8.0290 8.1290 0.2478 0.2668 0.2793 3189.1 3293.9 3364.8 3560.9 3694.0 3783.8 7.6805 7.8385 7.9391 p 5 20.0 bar 5 2.0 MPa (Tsat 5 212.428C) p 5 30.0 bar 5 3.0 MPa (Tsat 5 233.908C) Sat. 240 280 0.0996 0.1085 0.1200 2600.3 2659.6 2736.4 2799.5 2876.5 2976.4 6.3409 6.4952 6.6828 0.0667 0.0682 0.0771 2604.1 2619.7 2709.9 2804.2 2824.3 2941.3 6.1869 6.2265 6.4462 320 360 400 0.1308 0.1411 0.1512 2807.9 2877.0 2945.2 3069.5 3159.3 3247.6 6.8452 6.9917 7.1271 0.0850 0.0923 0.0994 2788.4 2861.7 2932.8 3043.4 3138.7 3230.9 6.6245 6.7801 6.9212 440 500 540 0.1611 0.1757 0.1853 3013.4 3116.2 3185.6 3335.5 3467.6 3556.1 7.2540 7.4317 7.5434 0.1062 0.1162 0.1227 3002.9 3108.0 3178.4 3321.5 3456.5 3546.6 7.0520 7.2338 7.3474 600 640 700 0.1996 0.2091 0.2232 3290.9 3362.2 3470.9 3690.1 3780.4 3917.4 7.7024 7.8035 7.9487 0.1324 0.1388 0.1484 3285.0 3357.0 3466.5 3682.3 3773.5 3911.7 7.5085 7.6106 7.7571 Tables in SI Units 897 TABLE A-4 (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg p 5 40 bar 5 4.0 MPa (Tsat 5 250.48C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 60 bar 5 6.0 MPa (Tsat 5 275.648C) Sat. 280 320 0.04978 0.05546 0.06199 2602.3 2680.0 2767.4 2801.4 2901.8 3015.4 6.0701 6.2568 6.4553 0.03244 0.03317 0.03876 2589.7 2605.2 2720.0 2784.3 2804.2 2952.6 5.8892 5.9252 6.1846 360 400 440 0.06788 0.07341 0.07872 2845.7 2919.9 2992.2 3117.2 3213.6 3307.1 6.6215 6.7690 6.9041 0.04331 0.04739 0.05122 2811.2 2892.9 2970.0 3071.1 3177.2 3277.3 6.3782 6.5408 6.6853 500 540 600 0.08643 0.09145 0.09885 3099.5 3171.1 3279.1 3445.3 3536.9 3674.4 7.0901 7.2056 7.3688 0.05665 0.06015 0.06525 3082.2 3156.1 3266.9 3422.2 3517.0 3658.4 6.8803 6.9999 7.1677 640 700 740 0.1037 0.1110 0.1157 3351.8 3462.1 3536.6 3766.6 3905.9 3999.6 7.4720 7.6198 7.7141 0.06859 0.07352 0.07677 3341.0 3453.1 3528.3 3752.6 3894.1 3989.2 7.2731 7.4234 7.5190 p 5 80 bar 5 8.0 MPa (Tsat 5 295.068C) p 5 100 bar 5 10.0 MPa (Tsat 5 311.068C) Sat. 320 360 0.02352 0.02682 0.03089 2569.8 2662.7 2772.7 2758.0 2877.2 3019.8 5.7432 5.9489 6.1819 0.01803 0.01925 0.02331 2544.4 2588.8 2729.1 2724.7 2781.3 2962.1 5.6141 5.7103 6.0060 400 440 480 0.03432 0.03742 0.04034 2863.8 2946.7 3025.7 3138.3 3246.1 3348.4 6.3634 6.5190 6.6586 0.02641 0.02911 0.03160 2832.4 2922.1 3005.4 3096.5 3213.2 3321.4 6.2120 6.3805 6.5282 520 560 600 0.04313 0.04582 0.04845 3102.7 3178.7 3254.4 3447.7 3545.3 3642.0 6.7871 6.9072 7.0206 0.03394 0.03619 0.03837 3085.6 3164.1 3241.7 3425.1 3526.0 3625.3 6.6622 6.7864 6.9029 640 700 740 0.05102 0.05481 0.05729 3330.1 3443.9 3520.4 3738.3 3882.4 3978.7 7.1283 7.2812 7.3782 0.04048 0.04358 0.04560 3318.9 3434.7 3512.1 3723.7 3870.5 3968.1 7.0131 7.1687 7.2670 p 5 120 bar 5 12.0 MPa (Tsat 5 324.758C) p 5 140 bar 5 14.0 MPa (Tsat 5 336.758C) Sat. 360 400 0.01426 0.01811 0.02108 2513.7 2678.4 2798.3 2684.9 2895.7 3051.3 5.4924 5.8361 6.0747 0.01149 0.01422 0.01722 2476.8 2617.4 2760.9 2637.6 2816.5 3001.9 5.3717 5.6602 5.9448 440 480 520 0.02355 0.02576 0.02781 2896.1 2984.4 3068.0 3178.7 3293.5 3401.8 6.2586 6.4154 6.5555 0.01954 0.02157 0.02343 2868.6 2962.5 3049.8 3142.2 3264.5 3377.8 6.1474 6.3143 6.4610 560 600 640 0.02977 0.03164 0.03345 3149.0 3228.7 3307.5 3506.2 3608.3 3709.0 6.6840 6.8037 6.9164 0.02517 0.02683 0.02843 3133.6 3215.4 3296.0 3486.0 3591.1 3694.1 6.5941 6.7172 6.8326 700 740 0.03610 0.03781 3425.2 3503.7 3858.4 3957.4 7.0749 7.1746 0.03075 0.03225 3415.7 3495.2 3846.2 3946.7 6.9939 7.0952 H2O T 8C 898 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-4 (Continued ) T 8C u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg H2O p 5 160 bar 5 16.0 MPa (Tsat 5 347.448C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 180 bar 5 18.0 MPa (Tsat 5 357.068C) Sat. 360 400 0.00931 0.01105 0.01426 2431.7 2539.0 2719.4 2580.6 2715.8 2947.6 5.2455 5.4614 5.8175 0.00749 0.00809 0.01190 2374.3 2418.9 2672.8 2509.1 2564.5 2887.0 5.1044 5.1922 5.6887 440 480 520 0.01652 0.01842 0.02013 2839.4 2939.7 3031.1 3103.7 3234.4 3353.3 6.0429 6.2215 6.3752 0.01414 0.01596 0.01757 2808.2 2915.9 3011.8 3062.8 3203.2 3378.0 5.9428 6.1345 6.2960 560 600 640 0.02172 0.02323 0.02467 3117.8 3201.8 3284.2 3465.4 3573.5 3678.9 6.5132 6.6399 6.7580 0.01904 0.02042 0.02174 3101.7 3188.0 3272.3 3444.4 3555.6 3663.6 6.4392 6.5696 6.6905 700 740 0.02674 0.02808 3406.0 3486.7 3833.9 3935.9 6.9224 7.0251 0.02362 0.02483 3396.3 3478.0 3821.5 3925.0 6.8580 6.9623 p 5 200 bar 5 20.0 MPa (Tsat 5 365.818C) p 5 240 bar 5 24.0 MPa Sat. 400 440 0.00583 0.00994 0.01222 2293.0 2619.3 2774.9 2409.7 2818.1 3019.4 4.9269 5.5540 5.8450 0.00673 0.00929 2477.8 2700.6 2639.4 2923.4 5.2393 5.6506 480 520 560 0.01399 0.01551 0.01689 2891.2 2992.0 3085.2 3170.8 3302.2 3423.0 6.0518 6.2218 6.3705 0.01100 0.01241 0.01366 2838.3 2950.5 3051.1 3102.3 3248.5 3379.0 5.8950 6.0842 6.2448 600 640 700 0.01818 0.01940 0.02113 3174.0 3260.2 3386.4 3537.6 3648.1 3809.0 6.5048 6.6286 6.7993 0.01481 0.01588 0.01739 3145.2 3235.5 3366.4 3500.7 3616.7 3783.8 6.3875 6.5174 6.6947 740 800 0.02224 0.02385 3469.3 3592.7 3914.1 4069.7 6.9052 7.0544 0.01835 0.01974 3451.7 3578.0 3892.1 4051.6 6.8038 6.9567 400 440 480 0.00383 0.00712 0.00885 2223.5 2613.2 2780.8 2330.7 2812.6 3028.5 4.7494 5.4494 5.7446 0.00236 0.00544 0.00722 1980.4 2509.0 2718.1 2055.9 2683.0 2949.2 4.3239 5.2327 5.5968 520 560 600 0.01020 0.01136 0.01241 2906.8 3015.7 3115.6 3192.3 3333.7 3463.0 5.9566 6.1307 6.2823 0.00853 0.00963 0.01061 2860.7 2979.0 3085.3 3133.7 3287.2 3424.6 5.8357 6.0246 6.1858 640 700 740 0.01338 0.01473 0.01558 3210.3 3346.1 3433.9 3584.8 3758.4 3870.0 6.4187 6.6029 6.7153 0.01150 0.01273 0.01350 3184.5 3325.4 3415.9 3552.5 3732.8 3847.8 6.3290 6.5203 6.6361 800 900 0.01680 0.01873 3563.1 3774.3 4033.4 4298.8 6.8720 7.1084 0.01460 0.01633 3548.0 3762.7 4015.1 4285.1 6.7966 7.0372 p 5 280 bar 5 28.0 MPa p 5 320 bar 5 32.0 MPa Tables in SI Units 899 TABLE A-5 Properties of Compressed Liquid Water v 3 103 m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v 3 103 m3/kg p 5 25 bar 5 2.5 MPa (Tsat 5 223.998C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 50 bar 5 5.0 MPa (Tsat 5 263.998C) 20 40 80 1.0006 1.0067 1.0280 83.80 167.25 334.29 86.30 169.77 336.86 .2961 .5715 1.0737 .9995 1.0056 1.0268 83.65 166.95 333.72 88.65 171.97 338.85 .2956 .5705 1.0720 100 140 180 1.0423 1.0784 1.1261 418.24 587.82 761.16 420.85 590.52 763.97 1.3050 1.7369 2.1375 1.0410 1.0768 1.1240 417.52 586.76 759.63 422.72 592.15 765.25 1.3030 1.7343 2.1341 200 220 Sat. 1.1555 1.1898 1.1973 849.9 940.7 959.1 852.8 943.7 962.1 2.3294 2.5174 2.5546 1.1530 1.1866 1.2859 848.1 938.4 1147.8 853.9 944.4 1154.2 2.3255 2.5128 2.9202 p 5 75 bar 5 7.5 MPa (Tsat 5 290.598C) p 5 100 bar 5 10.0 MPa (Tsat 5 311.068C) 20 40 80 .9984 1.0045 1.0256 83.50 166.64 333.15 90.99 174.18 340.84 .2950 .5696 1.0704 .9972 1.0034 1.0245 83.36 166.35 332.59 93.33 176.38 342.83 .2945 .5686 1.0688 100 140 180 1.0397 1.0752 1.1219 416.81 585.72 758.13 424.62 593.78 766.55 1.3011 1.7317 2.1308 1.0385 1.0737 1.1199 416.12 584.68 756.65 426.50 595.42 767.84 1.2992 1.7292 2.1275 220 260 Sat. 1.1835 1.2696 1.3677 2.5083 2.8763 3.1649 1.1805 1.2645 1.4524 936.2 1124.4 1282.0 945.1 1134.0 1292.2 p 5 150 bar 5 15.0 MPa (Tsat 5 342.248C) 934.1 1121.1 1393.0 945.9 1133.7 1407.6 2.5039 2.8699 3.3596 p 5 200 bar 5 20.0 MPa (Tsat 5 365.818C) 20 40 80 .9950 1.0013 1.0222 83.06 165.76 331.48 97.99 180.78 346.81 .2934 .5666 1.0656 .9928 .9992 1.0199 82.77 165.17 330.40 102.62 185.16 350.80 .2923 .5646 1.0624 100 140 180 1.0361 1.0707 1.1159 414.74 582.66 753.76 430.28 598.72 770.50 1.2955 1.7242 2.1210 1.0337 1.0678 1.1120 413.39 580.69 750.95 434.06 602.04 773.20 1.2917 1.7193 2.1147 220 260 300 Sat. 1.1748 1.2550 1.3770 1.6581 2.4953 2.8576 3.2260 3.6848 1.1693 1.2462 1.3596 2.036 929.9 1114.6 1316.6 1585.6 947.5 1133.4 1337.3 1610.5 p 5 250 bar 5 25 MPa 20 40 100 .9907 .9971 1.0313 200 300 1.1344 1.3442 82.47 164.60 412.08 834.5 1296.6 107.24 189.52 437.85 862.8 1330.2 925.9 1108.6 1306.1 1785.6 949.3 1133.5 1333.3 1826.3 2.4870 2.8459 3.2071 4.0139 p 5 300 bar 5 30.0 MPa .2911 .5626 1.2881 .9886 .9951 1.0290 2.2961 3.1900 1.1302 1.3304 82.17 164.04 410.78 831.4 1287.9 111.84 193.89 441.66 865.3 1327.8 .2899 .5607 1.2844 2.2893 3.1741 Pressure Conv ersions: 1 bar = 0.1 MP a = 10 2 kPa H2O T 8C H2O 900 TABLE A-6 nversions: Pressure Co Pa M 1 0. = 1 bar 2 = 10 kPa Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Solid ui Subl. uig Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Solid hi Subl. hig Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Solid si Subl. sig Sat. Vapor sg 1.0908 1.0908 1.0904 206.1 206.3 241.7 2333.40 2333.43 2337.62 2708.7 2708.8 2710.2 2375.3 2375.3 2372.6 2333.40 2333.43 2337.62 2834.8 2834.8 2835.3 2501.4 2501.3 2497.7 21.221 21.221 21.237 10.378 10.378 10.456 9.156 9.157 9.219 .4375 .3689 .3102 1.0901 1.0898 1.0894 283.8 334.2 394.4 2341.78 2345.91 2350.02 2711.6 2712.9 2714.2 2369.8 2367.0 2364.2 2341.78 2345.91 2350.02 2835.7 2836.2 2836.6 2494.0 2490.3 2486.6 21.253 21.268 21.284 10.536 10.616 10.698 9.283 9.348 9.414 210 212 214 .2602 .2176 .1815 1.0891 1.0888 1.0884 466.7 553.7 658.8 2354.09 2358.14 2362.15 2715.5 2716.8 2718.0 2361.4 2358.7 2355.9 2354.09 2358.14 2362.15 2837.0 2837.3 2837.6 2482.9 2479.2 2475.5 21.299 21.315 21.331 10.781 10.865 10.950 9.481 9.550 9.619 216 218 220 .1510 .1252 .1035 1.0881 1.0878 1.0874 786.0 940.5 1128.6 2366.14 2370.10 2374.03 2719.2 2720.4 2721.6 2353.1 2350.3 2347.5 2366.14 2370.10 2374.03 2837.9 2838.2 2838.4 2471.8 2468.1 2464.3 21.346 21.362 21.377 11.036 11.123 11.212 9.690 9.762 9.835 222 224 226 .0853 .0701 .0574 1.0871 1.0868 1.0864 1358.4 1640.1 1986.4 2377.93 2381.80 2385.64 2722.7 2723.7 2724.8 2344.7 2342.0 2339.2 2377.93 2381.80 2385.64 2838.6 2838.7 2838.9 2460.6 2456.9 2453.2 21.393 21.408 21.424 11.302 11.394 11.486 9.909 9.985 10.062 228 230 232 .0469 .0381 .0309 1.0861 1.0858 1.0854 2413.7 2943 3600 2389.45 2393.23 2396.98 2725.8 2726.8 2727.8 2336.4 2333.6 2330.8 2389.45 2393.23 2396.98 2839.0 2839.0 2839.1 2449.5 2445.8 2442.1 21.439 21.455 21.471 11.580 11.676 11.773 10.141 10.221 10.303 234 236 238 240 .0250 .0201 .0161 .0129 1.0851 1.0848 1.0844 1.0841 4419 5444 6731 8354 2400.71 2404.40 2408.06 2411.70 2728.7 2729.6 2730.5 2731.3 2328.0 2325.2 2322.4 2319.6 2400.71 2404.40 2408.06 2411.70 2839.1 2839.1 2839.0 2838.9 2438.4 2434.7 2430.9 2427.2 21.486 21.501 21.517 21.532 11.872 11.972 12.073 12.176 10.386 10.470 10.556 10.644 Temp. 8C Pressure kPa .01 0 22 .6113 .6108 .5176 24 26 28 Sat. Solid vi 3 103 Internal Energy kJ/kg Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1978. Tables in SI Units 901 TABLE A-7 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Temp. 8C Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8C 260 250 245 240 236 232 0.3749 0.6451 0.8290 1.0522 1.2627 1.5049 0.6833 0.6966 0.7037 0.7109 0.7169 0.7231 0.5370 0.3239 0.2564 0.2052 0.1730 0.1468 221.57 210.89 25.50 20.07 4.29 8.68 203.67 207.70 209.70 211.68 213.25 214.80 221.55 210.85 25.44 0.00 4.38 8.79 245.35 239.44 236.39 233.27 230.71 228.10 223.81 228.60 230.95 233.27 235.09 236.89 20.0964 20.0474 20.0235 0.0000 0.0186 0.0369 1.0547 1.0256 1.0126 1.0005 0.9914 0.9828 260 250 245 240 236 232 230 228 226 222 220 1.6389 1.7819 1.9345 2.2698 2.4534 0.7262 0.7294 0.7327 0.7393 0.7427 0.1355 0.1252 0.1159 0.0997 0.0926 10.88 13.09 15.31 19.76 21.99 215.58 216.34 217.11 218.62 219.37 11.00 13.22 15.45 19.92 22.17 226.77 225.43 224.08 221.32 219.91 237.78 238.66 239.53 241.24 242.09 0.0460 0.0551 0.0641 0.0819 0.0908 0.9787 0.9746 0.9707 0.9631 0.9595 230 228 226 222 220 218 216 214 212 210 2.6482 2.8547 3.0733 3.3044 3.5485 0.7462 0.7497 0.7533 0.7569 0.7606 0.0861 0.0802 0.0748 0.0698 0.0652 24.23 26.48 28.73 31.00 33.27 220.11 220.85 221.58 222.30 223.02 24.43 26.69 28.97 31.25 33.54 218.49 217.05 215.59 214.11 212.62 242.92 243.74 244.56 245.36 246.15 0.0996 0.1084 0.1171 0.1258 0.1345 0.9559 0.9525 0.9490 0.9457 0.9424 218 216 214 212 210 28 26 24 22 0 3.8062 4.0777 4.3638 4.6647 4.9811 0.7644 0.7683 0.7722 0.7762 0.7803 0.0610 0.0571 0.0535 0.0501 0.0470 35.54 37.83 40.12 42.42 44.73 223.73 224.43 225.13 225.82 226.50 35.83 38.14 40.46 42.78 45.12 211.10 209.56 208.00 206.41 204.81 246.93 247.70 248.45 249.20 249.92 0.1431 0.1517 0.1602 0.1688 0.1773 0.9392 0.9361 0.9330 0.9300 0.9271 28 26 24 22 0 2 4 6 8 10 5.3133 5.6619 6.0275 6.4105 6.8113 0.7844 0.7887 0.7930 0.7974 0.8020 0.0442 0.0415 0.0391 0.0368 0.0346 47.04 49.37 51.71 54.05 56.40 227.17 227.83 228.48 229.13 229.76 47.46 49.82 52.18 54.56 56.95 203.18 201.52 199.84 198.14 196.40 250.64 251.34 252.03 252.70 253.35 0.1857 0.1941 0.2025 0.2109 0.2193 0.9241 0.9213 0.9184 0.9157 0.9129 2 4 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 28 7.2307 8.1268 9.1030 10.164 11.313 0.8066 0.8162 0.8263 0.8369 0.8480 0.0326 0.0291 0.0259 0.0232 0.0208 58.77 63.53 68.33 73.19 78.09 230.38 231.59 232.76 233.87 234.92 59.35 64.19 69.09 74.04 79.05 194.64 191.02 187.28 183.40 179.37 253.99 255.21 256.37 257.44 258.43 0.2276 0.2442 0.2607 0.2772 0.2936 0.9102 0.9048 0.8996 0.8944 0.8893 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 60 12.556 13.897 15.341 17.298 19.433 24.281 0.8599 0.8724 0.8858 0.9039 0.9238 0.9705 0.0186 0.0168 0.0151 0.0132 0.0116 0.0089 83.06 88.08 93.18 99.65 106.26 120.00 235.91 236.83 237.66 238.59 239.34 240.24 84.14 89.29 94.53 101.21 108.06 122.35 175.18 170.82 166.25 160.24 153.84 139.61 259.32 260.11 260.79 261.46 261.90 261.96 0.3101 0.3265 0.3429 0.3635 0.3842 0.4264 0.8842 0.8790 0.8738 0.8672 0.8603 0.8455 32 36 40 45 50 60 Source: Tables A-7 through A-9 are calculated based on equations from A. Kamei and S. W. Beyerlein, “A Fundamental Equation for Chlorodifluoromethane (R-22),” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 80, No. 11, 1992, pp. 71–86. R-22 ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 1 bar = 2 = 10 kPa 902 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-8 R-22 ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 1 bar = 2 = 10 kPa Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Press. bar Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 258.86 254.83 251.40 248.40 245.73 243.30 0.6847 0.6901 0.6947 0.6989 0.7026 0.7061 0.5056 0.4107 0.3466 0.3002 0.2650 0.2374 220.36 216.07 212.39 29.17 26.28 23.66 204.13 205.76 207.14 208.34 209.41 210.37 220.34 216.03 212.35 29.12 26.23 23.60 244.69 242.33 240.28 238.47 236.84 235.34 224.36 226.30 227.93 229.35 230.61 231.74 20.0907 20.0709 20.0542 20.0397 20.0270 20.0155 1.0512 1.0391 1.0294 1.0213 1.0144 1.0084 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 241.09 236.23 232.08 228.44 225.18 0.7093 0.7166 0.7230 0.7287 0.7340 0.2152 0.1746 0.1472 0.1274 0.1123 21.26 4.04 8.60 12.61 16.22 211.25 213.16 214.77 216.18 217.42 21.19 4.13 8.70 12.74 16.37 233.95 230.86 228.15 225.73 223.52 232.77 234.99 236.86 238.47 239.88 20.0051 0.0175 0.0366 0.0531 0.0678 1.0031 0.9919 0.9830 0.9755 0.9691 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 222.22 219.51 217.00 214.66 212.46 0.7389 0.7436 0.7479 0.7521 0.7561 0.1005 0.0910 0.0831 0.0765 0.0709 19.51 22.54 25.36 27.99 30.47 218.53 219.55 220.48 221.34 222.13 19.67 22.72 25.56 28.22 30.72 221.47 219.57 217.77 216.07 214.46 241.15 242.29 243.33 244.29 245.18 0.0809 0.0930 0.1040 0.1143 0.1238 0.9636 0.9586 0.9542 0.9502 0.9465 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 210.39 28.43 26.56 24.78 23.08 0.7599 0.7636 0.7672 0.7706 0.7740 0.0661 0.0618 0.0581 0.0548 0.0519 32.82 35.06 37.18 39.22 41.17 222.88 223.58 224.24 224.86 225.45 33.09 35.34 37.49 39.55 41.52 212.91 211.42 209.99 208.61 207.27 246.00 246.77 247.48 248.16 248.80 0.1328 0.1413 0.1493 0.1569 0.1642 0.9431 0.9399 0.9370 0.9342 0.9316 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 21.45 0.12 1.63 3.08 4.49 0.7773 0.7805 0.7836 0.7867 0.7897 0.0492 0.0469 0.0447 0.0427 0.0409 43.05 44.86 46.61 48.30 49.94 226.00 226.54 227.04 227.53 227.99 43.42 45.25 47.02 48.74 50.40 205.98 204.71 203.48 202.28 201.11 249.40 249.97 250.51 251.02 251.51 0.1711 0.1777 0.1841 0.1903 0.1962 0.9292 0.9269 0.9247 0.9226 0.9206 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 5.85 10.91 15.45 19.59 23.40 0.7927 0.8041 0.8149 0.8252 0.8352 0.0392 0.0337 0.0295 0.0262 0.0236 51.53 57.48 62.88 67.84 72.46 228.44 230.04 231.43 232.64 233.71 52.01 58.04 63.53 68.59 73.30 199.97 195.60 191.52 187.67 183.99 251.98 253.64 255.05 256.25 257.28 0.2019 0.2231 0.2419 0.2591 0.2748 0.9186 0.9117 0.9056 0.9001 0.8952 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 30.25 36.29 41.73 46.69 51.26 59.46 0.8546 0.8734 0.8919 0.9104 0.9291 0.9677 0.0195 0.0166 0.0144 0.0127 0.0112 0.0091 80.87 88.45 95.41 101.87 107.95 119.24 235.48 236.89 238.00 238.86 239.51 240.22 81.90 89.68 96.83 103.51 109.81 121.56 177.04 170.49 164.21 158.13 152.17 140.43 258.94 260.16 261.04 261.64 261.98 261.99 0.3029 0.3277 0.3500 0.3705 0.3895 0.4241 0.8864 0.8786 0.8715 0.8649 0.8586 0.8463 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 Tables in SI Units 903 TABLE A-9 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 0.4 bar 5 0.04 MPa (Tsat 5 258.868C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 0.6 bar 5 0.06 MPa (Tsat 5 251.408C) Sat. 255 250 0.50559 0.51532 0.52787 204.13 205.92 208.26 224.36 226.53 229.38 1.0512 1.0612 1.0741 0.34656 207.14 227.93 1.0294 0.34895 207.80 228.74 1.0330 245 240 235 0.54037 0.55284 0.56526 210.63 213.02 215.43 232.24 235.13 238.05 1.0868 1.0993 1.1117 0.35747 0.36594 0.37437 210.20 212.62 215.06 231.65 234.58 237.52 1.0459 1.0586 1.0711 230 225 220 0.57766 0.59002 0.60236 217.88 220.35 222.85 240.99 243.95 246.95 1.1239 1.1360 1.1479 0.38277 0.39114 0.39948 217.53 220.02 222.54 240.49 243.49 246.51 1.0835 1.0956 1.1077 215 210 25 0 0.61468 0.62697 0.63925 0.65151 225.38 227.93 230.52 233.13 249.97 253.01 256.09 259.19 1.1597 1.1714 1.1830 1.1944 0.40779 0.41608 0.42436 0.43261 225.08 227.65 230.25 232.88 249.55 252.62 255.71 258.83 1.1196 1.1314 1.1430 1.1545 p 5 0.8 bar 5 0.08 MPa (Tsat 5 245.738C) p 5 1.0 bar 5 0.10 MPa (Tsat 5 241.098C) Sat. 245 240 0.26503 0.26597 0.27245 209.41 209.76 212.21 230.61 231.04 234.01 1.0144 1.0163 1.0292 0.21518 211.25 232.77 1.0031 0.21633 211.79 233.42 1.0059 235 230 225 0.27890 0.28530 0.29167 214.68 217.17 219.68 236.99 239.99 243.02 1.0418 1.0543 1.0666 0.22158 0.22679 0.23197 214.29 216.80 219.34 236.44 239.48 242.54 1.0187 1.0313 1.0438 220 215 210 0.29801 0.30433 0.31062 222.22 224.78 227.37 246.06 249.13 252.22 1.0788 1.0908 1.1026 0.23712 0.24224 0.24734 221.90 224.48 227.08 245.61 248.70 251.82 1.0560 1.0681 1.0801 25 0 5 10 0.31690 0.32315 0.32939 0.33561 229.98 232.62 235.29 237.98 255.34 258.47 261.64 264.83 1.1143 1.1259 1.1374 1.1488 0.25241 0.25747 0.26251 0.26753 229.71 232.36 235.04 237.74 254.95 258.11 261.29 264.50 1.0919 1.1035 1.1151 1.1265 p 5 1.5 bar 5 0.15 MPa (Tsat 5 232.088C) p 5 2.0 bar 5 0.20 MPa (Tsat 5 225.188C) Sat. 230 225 0.14721 0.14872 0.15232 214.77 215.85 218.45 236.86 238.16 241.30 0.9830 0.9883 1.0011 220 215 210 0.15588 0.15941 0.16292 221.07 223.70 226.35 244.45 247.61 250.78 1.0137 1.0260 1.0382 25 0 5 0.16640 0.16987 0.17331 229.02 231.70 234.42 253.98 257.18 260.41 10 15 20 25 0.17674 0.18015 0.18355 0.18693 237.15 239.91 242.69 245.49 263.66 266.93 270.22 273.53 0.11232 217.42 239.88 0.9691 0.11242 217.51 240.00 0.9696 0.11520 0.11795 0.12067 220.19 222.88 225.58 243.23 246.47 249.72 0.9825 0.9952 1.0076 1.0502 1.0621 1.0738 0.12336 0.12603 0.12868 228.30 231.03 233.78 252.97 256.23 259.51 1.0199 1.0310 1.0438 1.0854 1.0968 1.1081 1.1193 0.13132 0.13393 0.13653 0.13912 236.54 239.33 242.14 244.97 262.81 266.12 269.44 272.79 1.0555 1.0671 1.0786 1.0899 Pressure Conv ersions: 1 bar = 0.1 MP a = 10 2 kPa R-22 T 8C 904 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 (Continued ) T 8C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg R-22 p 5 2.5 bar 5 0.25 MPa (Tsat 5 219.518C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 3.0 bar 5 0.30 MPa (Tsat 5 214.668C) Sat. 215 210 0.09097 0.09303 0.09528 219.55 222.03 224.79 242.29 245.29 248.61 0.9586 0.9703 0.9831 0.07651 221.34 244.29 0.9502 0.07833 223.96 247.46 0.9623 25 0 5 0.09751 0.09971 0.10189 227.55 230.33 233.12 251.93 255.26 258.59 0.9956 1.0078 1.0199 0.08025 0.08214 0.08400 226.78 229.61 232.44 250.86 254.25 257.64 0.9751 0.9876 0.9999 10 15 20 0.10405 0.10619 0.10831 235.92 238.74 241.58 261.93 265.29 268.66 1.0318 1.0436 1.0552 0.08585 0.08767 0.08949 235.28 238.14 241.01 261.04 264.44 267.85 1.0120 1.0239 1.0357 25 30 35 40 0.11043 0.11253 0.11461 0.11669 244.44 247.31 250.21 253.13 272.04 275.44 278.86 282.30 1.0666 1.0779 1.0891 1.1002 0.09128 0.09307 0.09484 0.09660 243.89 246.80 249.72 252.66 271.28 274.72 278.17 281.64 1.0472 1.0587 1.0700 1.0811 p 5 3.5 bar 5 0.35 MPa (Tsat 5 210.398C) p 5 4.0 bar 5 0.40 MPa (Tsat 5 26.568C) Sat. 210 25 0.06605 0.06619 0.06789 222.88 223.10 225.99 246.00 246.27 249.75 0.9431 0.9441 0.9572 0.05812 224.24 247.48 0.9370 0.05860 225.16 248.60 0.9411 0 5 10 0.06956 0.07121 0.07284 228.86 231.74 234.63 253.21 256.67 260.12 0.9700 0.9825 0.9948 0.06011 0.06160 0.06306 228.09 231.02 233.95 252.14 225.66 259.18 0.9542 0.9670 0.9795 15 20 25 0.07444 0.07603 0.07760 237.52 240.42 243.34 263.57 267.03 270.50 1.0069 1.0188 1.0305 0.06450 0.06592 0.06733 236.89 239.83 242.77 262.69 266.19 269.71 0.9918 1.0039 1.0158 30 35 40 45 0.07916 0.08070 0.08224 0.08376 246.27 249.22 252.18 255.17 273.97 227.46 280.97 284.48 1.0421 1.0535 1.0648 1.0759 0.06872 0.07010 0.07146 0.07282 245.73 248.71 251.70 254.70 273.22 276.75 280.28 283.83 1.0274 1.0390 1.0504 1.0616 p 5 4.5 bar 5 0.45 MPa (Tsat 5 23.088C) p 5 5.0 bar 5 0.50 MPa (Tsat 5 0.128C) Sat. 0 5 0.05189 0.05275 0.05411 225.45 227.29 230.28 248.80 251.03 254.63 0.9316 0.9399 0.9529 0.04686 226.54 249.97 0.9269 0.04810 229.52 253.57 0.9399 10 15 20 0.05545 0.05676 0.05805 233.26 236.24 239.22 258.21 261.78 265.34 0.9657 0.9782 0.9904 0.04934 0.05056 0.05175 232.55 235.57 238.59 257.22 260.85 264.47 0.9530 0.9657 0.9781 25 30 35 0.05933 0.06059 0.06184 242.20 245.19 248.19 268.90 272.46 276.02 1.0025 1.0143 1.0259 0.05293 0.05409 0.05523 241.61 244.63 247.66 268.07 271.68 275.28 0.9903 1.0023 1.0141 40 45 50 55 0.06308 0.06430 0.06552 0.06672 251.20 254.23 257.28 260.34 279.59 283.17 286.76 290.36 1.0374 1.0488 1.0600 1.0710 0.05636 0.05748 0.05859 0.05969 250.70 253.76 256.82 259.90 278.89 282.50 286.12 289.75 1.0257 1.0371 1.0484 1.0595 Tables in SI Units 905 TABLE A-9 (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 5.5 bar 5 0.55 MPa (Tsat 5 3.088C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 6.0 bar 5 0.60 MPa (Tsat 5 5.858C) Sat. 5 10 15 0.04271 0.04317 0.04433 0.04547 227.53 228.72 231.81 234.89 251.02 252.46 256.20 259.90 0.9226 0.9278 0.9411 0.9540 0.03923 228.44 251.98 0.9186 0.04015 0.04122 231.05 234.18 255.14 258.91 0.9299 0.9431 20 25 30 0.04658 0.04768 0.04875 237.95 241.01 244.07 263.57 267.23 270.88 0.9667 0.9790 0.9912 0.04227 0.04330 0.04431 237.29 240.39 243.49 262.65 266.37 270.07 0.9560 0.9685 0.9808 35 40 45 0.04982 0.05086 0.05190 247.13 250.20 253.27 274.53 278.17 281.82 1.0031 1.0148 1.0264 0.04530 0.04628 0.04724 246.58 249.68 252.78 273.76 277.45 281.13 0.9929 1.0048 1.0164 50 55 60 0.05293 0.05394 0.05495 256.36 259.46 262.58 285.47 289.13 292.80 1.0378 1.0490 1.0601 0.04820 0.04914 0.05008 255.90 259.02 262.15 284.82 288.51 292.20 1.0279 1.0393 1.0504 p 5 7.0 bar 5 0.70 MPa (Tsat 5 10.918C) p 5 8.0 bar 5 0.80 MPa (Tsat 5 15.458C) Sat. 15 20 0.03371 0.03451 0.03547 230.04 232.70 235.92 253.64 256.86 260.75 0.9117 0.9229 0.9363 0.02953 231.43 255.05 0.9056 0.03033 234.47 258.74 0.9182 25 30 35 0.03639 0.03730 0.03819 239.12 242.29 245.46 264.59 268.40 272.19 0.9493 0.9619 0.9743 0.03118 0.03202 0.03283 237.76 241.04 244.28 262.70 266.66 270.54 0.9315 0.9448 0.9574 40 45 50 0.03906 0.03992 0.04076 248.62 251.78 254.94 275.96 279.72 283.48 0.9865 0.9984 1.0101 0.03363 0.03440 0.03517 247.52 250.74 253.96 274.42 278.26 282.10 0.9700 0.9821 0.9941 55 60 65 70 0.04160 0.04242 0.04324 0.04405 258.11 261.29 264.48 267.68 287.23 290.99 294.75 298.51 1.0216 1.0330 1.0442 1.0552 0.03592 0.03667 0.03741 0.03814 257.18 260.40 263.64 266.87 285.92 289.74 293.56 297.38 1.0058 1.0174 1.0287 1.0400 p 5 9.0 bar 5 0.90 MPa (Tsat 5 19.598C) p 5 10.0 bar 5 1.00 MPa (Tsat 5 23.408C) Sat. 20 30 0.02623 0.02630 0.02789 232.64 232.92 239.73 256.25 256.59 264.83 0.9001 0.9013 0.9289 0.02358 233.71 257.28 0.8952 0.02457 238.34 262.91 0.9139 40 50 60 0.02939 0.03082 0.03219 246.37 252.95 259.49 272.82 280.68 288.46 0.9549 0.9795 1.0033 0.02598 0.02732 0.02860 245.18 251.90 258.56 271.17 279.22 287.15 0.9407 0.9660 0.9902 70 80 90 0.03353 0.03483 0.03611 266.04 272.62 279.23 296.21 303.96 311.73 1.0262 1.0484 1.0701 0.02984 0.03104 0.03221 265.19 271.84 278.52 295.03 302.88 310.74 1.0135 1.0361 1.0580 100 110 120 0.03736 0.03860 0.03982 285.90 292.63 299.42 319.53 327.37 335.26 1.0913 1.1120 1.1323 0.03337 0.03450 0.03562 285.24 292.02 298.85 318.61 326.52 334.46 1.0794 1.1003 1.1207 130 140 150 0.04103 0.04223 0.04342 306.28 313.21 320.21 343.21 351.22 359.29 1.1523 1.1719 1.1912 0.03672 0.03781 0.03889 305.74 312.70 319.74 342.46 350.51 358.63 1.1408 1.1605 1.1790 R-22 T 8C 906 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 (Continued ) T 8C u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K R-22 p 5 12.0 bar 5 1.20 MPa (Tsat 5 30.258C) Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 0.01955 0.02083 0.02204 0.02319 0.02428 0.02534 0.02636 0.02736 0.02834 0.02930 0.03024 0.03118 0.03210 0.03301 0.03392 235.48 242.63 249.69 256.60 263.44 270.25 277.07 283.90 290.77 297.69 304.65 311.68 318.77 325.92 333.14 258.94 267.62 276.14 284.43 292.58 300.66 308.70 316.73 324.78 332.85 340.95 349.09 357.29 365.54 373.84 0.01440 0.01533 0.01634 0.01728 0.01817 0.01901 0.01983 0.02062 0.02139 0.02214 0.02288 0.02361 0.02432 0.02503 238.00 244.66 252.29 259.65 266.86 274.00 281.09 288.18 295.28 302.41 309.58 316.79 324.05 331.37 261.04 269.18 278.43 287.30 295.93 304.42 312.82 321.17 329.51 337.84 346.19 354.56 362.97 371.42 0.8864 0.9146 0.9413 0.9666 0.9907 1.0139 1.0363 1.0582 1.0794 1.1002 1.1205 1.1405 1.1601 1.1793 1.1983 0.8715 0.8971 0.9252 0.9515 0.9762 0.9999 1.0228 1.0448 1.0663 1.0872 1.1077 1.1277 1.1473 1.1666 p 5 20.0 bar 5 2.00 MPa (Tsat 5 51.268C) Sat. 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.01124 0.01212 0.01300 0.01381 0.01457 0.01528 0.01596 0.01663 0.01727 0.01789 0.01850 0.01910 0.01969 0.02027 239.51 247.20 255.35 263.12 270.67 278.09 285.44 292.76 300.08 307.40 314.75 322.14 329.56 337.03 261.98 271.43 281.36 290.74 299.80 308.65 317.37 326.01 334.61 343.19 351.76 360.34 368.95 377.58 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 14.0 bar 5 1.40 MPa (Tsat 5 36.298C) p 5 16.0 bar 5 1.60 MPa (Tsat 5 41.738C) Sat. 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 u kJ/kg v m3/kg 0.8586 0.8873 0.9167 0.9436 0.9689 0.9929 1.0160 1.0383 1.0598 1.0808 1.1013 1.1214 1.1410 1.1603 0.01662 0.01708 0.01823 0.01929 0.02029 0.02125 0.02217 0.02306 0.02393 0.02478 0.02562 0.02644 0.02725 0.02805 0.02884 236.89 239.78 247.29 254.52 261.60 268.60 275.56 282.52 289.49 296.50 303.55 310.64 317.79 324.99 332.26 260.16 263.70 272.81 281.53 290.01 298.34 306.60 314.80 323.00 331.19 339.41 347.65 355.94 364.26 372.64 0.8786 0.8900 0.9186 0.9452 0.9703 0.9942 1.0172 1.0395 1.0612 1.0823 1.1029 1.1231 1.1429 1.1624 1.1815 p 5 18.0 bar 5 1.80 MPa (Tsat 5 46.698C) 0.01265 0.01301 0.01401 0.01492 0.01576 0.01655 0.01731 0.01804 0.01874 0.01943 0.02011 0.02077 0.02142 0.02207 238.86 241.72 249.86 257.57 265.04 272.37 279.62 286.83 294.04 301.26 308.50 315.78 323.10 330.47 261.64 265.14 275.09 284.43 293.40 302.16 310.77 319.30 327.78 336.24 344.70 353.17 361.66 370.19 0.8649 0.8758 0.9061 0.9337 0.9595 0.9839 1.0073 1.0299 1.0517 1.0730 1.0937 1.1139 1.1338 1.1532 p 5 24.0 bar 5 2.4 MPa (Tsat 5 59.468C) 0.00907 0.00913 0.01006 0.01085 0.01156 0.01222 0.01284 0.01343 0.01400 0.01456 0.01509 0.01562 0.01613 0.01663 240.22 240.78 250.30 258.89 267.01 274.85 282.53 290.11 297.64 305.14 312.64 320.16 327.70 335.27 261.99 262.68 274.43 284.93 294.75 304.18 313.35 322.35 331.25 340.08 348.87 357.64 366.41 375.20 0.8463 0.8484 0.8831 0.9133 0.9407 0.9663 0.9906 1.0137 1.0361 1.0577 1.0787 1.0992 1.1192 1.1388 907 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-10 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Temp. 8C Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug 240 236 232 228 226 0.5164 0.6332 0.7704 0.9305 1.0199 0.7055 0.7113 0.7172 0.7233 0.7265 0.3569 0.2947 0.2451 0.2052 0.1882 20.04 4.68 9.47 14.31 16.75 204.45 206.73 209.01 211.29 212.43 224 222 220 218 216 1.1160 1.2192 1.3299 1.4483 1.5748 0.7296 0.7328 0.7361 0.7395 0.7428 0.1728 0.1590 0.1464 0.1350 0.1247 19.21 21.68 24.17 26.67 29.18 212 28 24 0 4 1.8540 2.1704 2.5274 2.9282 3.3765 0.7498 0.7569 0.7644 0.7721 0.7801 0.1068 0.0919 0.0794 0.0689 0.0600 8 12 16 20 24 3.8756 4.4294 5.0416 5.7160 6.4566 0.7884 0.7971 0.8062 0.8157 0.8257 26 28 30 32 34 6.8530 7.2675 7.7006 8.1528 8.6247 36 38 40 42 44 Enthalpy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid hf Entropy kJ/kg ? K Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8C 0.00 4.73 9.52 14.37 16.82 222.88 220.67 218.37 216.01 214.80 222.88 225.40 227.90 230.38 231.62 0.0000 0.0201 0.0401 0.0600 0.0699 0.9560 0.9506 0.9456 0.9411 0.9390 240 236 232 228 226 213.57 214.70 215.84 216.97 218.10 19.29 21.77 24.26 26.77 29.30 213.57 212.32 211.05 209.76 208.45 232.85 234.08 235.31 236.53 237.74 0.0798 0.0897 0.0996 0.1094 0.1192 0.9370 0.9351 0.9332 0.9315 0.9298 224 222 220 218 216 34.25 39.38 44.56 49.79 55.08 220.36 222.60 224.84 227.06 229.27 34.39 39.54 44.75 50.02 55.35 205.77 203.00 200.15 197.21 194.19 240.15 242.54 244.90 247.23 249.53 0.1388 0.1583 0.1777 0.1970 0.2162 0.9267 0.9239 0.9213 0.9190 0.9169 212 28 24 0 4 0.0525 0.0460 0.0405 0.0358 0.0317 60.43 65.83 71.29 76.80 82.37 231.46 233.63 235.78 237.91 240.01 60.73 66.18 71.69 77.26 82.90 191.07 187.85 184.52 181.09 177.55 251.80 254.03 256.22 258.36 260.45 0.2354 0.2545 0.2735 0.2924 0.3113 0.9150 0.9132 0.9116 0.9102 0.9089 8 12 16 20 24 0.8309 0.8362 0.8417 0.8473 0.8530 0.0298 0.0281 0.0265 0.0250 0.0236 85.18 88.00 90.84 93.70 96.58 241.05 242.08 243.10 244.12 245.12 85.75 88.61 91.49 94.39 97.31 175.73 173.89 172.00 170.09 168.14 261.48 262.50 263.50 264.48 265.45 0.3208 0.3302 0.3396 0.3490 0.3584 0.9082 0.9076 0.9070 0.9064 0.9058 26 28 30 32 34 9.1168 9.6298 10.164 10.720 11.299 0.8590 0.8651 0.8714 0.8780 0.8847 0.0223 0.0210 0.0199 0.0188 0.0177 99.47 102.38 105.30 108.25 111.22 246.11 247.09 248.06 249.02 249.96 100.25 103.21 106.19 109.19 112.22 166.15 164.12 162.05 159.94 157.79 266.40 267.33 268.24 269.14 270.01 0.3678 0.3772 0.3866 0.3960 0.4054 0.9053 0.9047 0.9041 0.9035 0.9030 36 38 40 42 44 48 52 56 60 12.526 13.851 15.278 16.813 0.8989 0.9142 0.9308 0.9488 0.0159 0.0142 0.0127 0.0114 117.22 123.31 129.51 135.82 251.79 253.55 255.23 256.81 118.35 124.58 130.93 137.42 153.33 148.66 143.75 138.57 271.68 273.24 274.68 275.99 0.4243 0.4432 0.4622 0.4814 0.9017 0.9004 0.8990 0.8973 48 52 56 60 70 80 90 100 21.162 26.324 32.435 39.742 1.0027 1.0766 1.1949 1.5443 0.0086 0.0064 0.0046 0.0027 152.22 169.88 189.82 218.60 260.15 262.14 261.34 248.49 154.34 172.71 193.69 224.74 124.08 106.41 82.63 34.40 278.43 279.12 276.32 259.13 0.5302 0.5814 0.6380 0.7196 0.8918 0.8827 0.8655 0.8117 70 80 90 100 Source: Tables A-10 through A-12 are calculated based on equations from D. P. Wilson and R. S. Basu, “Thermodynamic Properties of a New Stratospherically Safe Working Fluid — Refrigerant 134a,” ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 94, Pt. 2, 1988, pp. 2095–2118. R-134a ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 1 bar = 2 = 10 kPa 908 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-11 R-134a ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 1 bar = 2 = 10 kPa Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Press. bar Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 237.07 231.21 226.43 222.36 218.80 0.7097 0.7184 0.7258 0.7323 0.7381 0.3100 0.2366 0.1917 0.1614 0.1395 3.41 10.41 16.22 21.23 25.66 206.12 209.46 212.18 214.50 216.52 3.46 10.47 16.29 21.32 25.77 221.27 217.92 215.06 212.54 210.27 224.72 228.39 231.35 233.86 236.04 0.0147 0.0440 0.0678 0.0879 0.1055 0.9520 0.9447 0.9395 0.9354 0.9322 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 215.62 212.73 210.09 25.37 21.23 0.7435 0.7485 0.7532 0.7618 0.7697 0.1229 0.1098 0.0993 0.0834 0.0719 29.66 33.31 36.69 42.77 48.18 218.32 219.94 221.43 224.07 226.38 29.78 33.45 36.84 42.95 48.39 208.19 206.26 204.46 201.14 198.13 237.97 239.71 241.30 244.09 246.52 0.1211 0.1352 0.1481 0.1710 0.1911 0.9295 0.9273 0.9253 0.9222 0.9197 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 2.48 5.84 8.93 15.74 21.58 0.7770 0.7839 0.7904 0.8056 0.8196 0.0632 0.0564 0.0509 0.0409 0.0341 53.06 57.54 61.69 70.93 78.99 228.43 230.28 231.97 235.64 238.74 53.31 57.82 62.00 71.33 79.48 195.35 192.76 190.32 184.74 179.71 248.66 250.58 252.32 256.07 259.19 0.2089 0.2251 0.2399 0.2723 0.2999 0.9177 0.9160 0.9145 0.9117 0.9097 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 26.72 31.33 35.53 39.39 46.32 0.8328 0.8454 0.8576 0.8695 0.8928 0.0292 0.0255 0.0226 0.0202 0.0166 86.19 92.75 98.79 104.42 114.69 241.42 243.78 245.88 247.77 251.03 86.78 93.42 99.56 105.29 115.76 175.07 170.73 166.62 162.68 155.23 261.85 264.15 266.18 267.97 270.99 0.3242 0.3459 0.3656 0.3838 0.4164 0.9080 0.9066 0.9054 0.9043 0.9023 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 52.43 57.92 62.91 67.49 77.59 86.22 0.9159 0.9392 0.9631 0.9878 1.0562 1.1416 0.0140 0.0121 0.0105 0.0093 0.0069 0.0053 123.98 132.52 140.49 148.02 165.48 181.88 253.74 256.00 257.88 259.41 261.84 262.16 125.26 134.02 142.22 149.99 168.12 185.30 148.14 141.31 134.60 127.95 111.06 92.71 273.40 275.33 276.83 277.94 279.17 278.01 0.4453 0.4714 0.4954 0.5178 0.5687 0.6156 0.9003 0.8982 0.8959 0.8934 0.8854 0.8735 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 Tables in SI Units 909 TABLE A-12 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 0.6 bar 5 0.06 MPa (Tsat 5 237.078C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 1.0 bar 5 0.10 MPa (Tsat 5 226.438C) Sat. 220 210 0.31003 0.33536 0.34992 206.12 217.86 224.97 224.72 237.98 245.96 0.9520 1.0062 1.0371 0.19170 0.19770 0.20686 212.18 216.77 224.01 231.35 236.54 244.70 0.9395 0.9602 0.9918 0 10 20 0.36433 0.37861 0.39279 232.24 239.69 247.32 254.10 262.41 270.89 1.0675 1.0973 1.1267 0.21587 0.22473 0.23349 231.41 238.96 246.67 252.99 261.43 270.02 1.0227 1.0531 1.0829 30 40 50 0.40688 0.42091 0.43487 255.12 263.10 271.25 279.53 288.35 297.34 1.1557 1.1844 1.2126 0.24216 0.25076 0.25930 254.54 262.58 270.79 278.76 287.66 296.72 1.1122 1.1411 1.1696 60 70 80 90 0.44879 0.46266 0.47650 0.49031 279.58 288.08 296.75 305.58 306.51 315.84 325.34 335.00 1.2405 1.2681 1.2954 1.3224 0.26779 0.27623 0.28464 0.29302 279.16 287.70 296.40 305.27 305.94 315.32 324.87 334.57 1.1977 1.2254 1.2528 1.2799 p 5 1.4 bar 5 0.14 MPa (Tsat 5 218.808C) p 5 1.8 bar 5 0.18 MPa (Tsat 5 212.738C) Sat. 210 0 0.13945 0.14549 0.15219 216.52 223.03 230.55 236.04 243.40 251.86 0.9322 0.9606 0.9922 0.10983 0.11135 0.11678 219.94 222.02 229.67 239.71 242.06 250.69 0.9273 0.9362 0.9684 10 20 30 0.15875 0.16520 0.17155 238.21 246.01 253.96 260.43 269.13 277.97 1.0230 1.0532 1.0828 0.12207 0.12723 0.13230 237.44 245.33 253.36 259.41 268.23 277.17 0.9998 1.0304 1.0604 40 50 60 0.17783 0.18404 0.19020 262.06 270.32 278.74 286.96 296.09 305.37 1.1120 1.1407 1.1690 0.13730 0.14222 0.14710 261.53 269.85 278.31 286.24 295.45 304.79 1.0898 1.1187 1.1472 70 80 90 100 0.19633 0.20241 0.20846 0.21449 287.32 296.06 304.95 314.01 314.80 324.39 334.14 344.04 1.1969 1.2244 1.2516 1.2785 0.15193 0.15672 0.16148 0.16622 286.93 295.71 304.63 313.72 314.28 323.92 333.70 343.63 1.1753 1.2030 1.2303 1.2573 p 5 2.0 bar 5 0.20 MPa (Tsat 5 210.098C) p 5 2.4 bar 5 0.24 MPa (Tsat 5 25.378C) Sat. 210 0 0.09933 0.09938 0.10438 221.43 221.50 229.23 241.30 241.38 250.10 0.9253 0.9256 0.9582 0.08343 224.07 244.09 0.9222 0.08574 228.31 248.89 0.9399 10 20 30 0.10922 0.11394 0.11856 237.05 244.99 253.06 258.89 267.78 276.77 0.9898 1.0206 1.0508 0.08993 0.09399 0.09794 236.26 244.30 252.45 257.84 266.85 275.95 0.9721 1.0034 1.0339 40 50 60 0.12311 0.12758 0.13201 261.26 269.61 278.10 285.88 295.12 304.50 1.0804 1.1094 1.1380 0.10181 0.10562 0.10937 260.72 269.12 277.67 285.16 294.47 303.91 1.0637 1.0930 1.1218 70 80 90 100 0.13639 0.14073 0.14504 0.14932 286.74 295.53 304.47 313.57 314.02 323.68 333.48 343.43 1.1661 1.1939 1.2212 1.2483 0.11307 0.11674 0.12037 0.12398 286.35 295.18 304.15 313.27 313.49 323.19 333.04 343.03 1.1501 1.1780 1.2055 1.2326 Pressure Conv ersions: 1 bar = 0.1 MP a = 10 2 kPa R-134a T 8C 910 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-12 (Continued ) T 8C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg R-134a p 5 2.8 bar 5 0.28 MPa (Tsat 5 21.238C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 3.2 bar 5 0.32 MPa (Tsat 5 2.488C) Sat. 0 10 0.07193 0.07240 0.07613 226.38 227.37 235.44 246.52 247.64 256.76 0.9197 0.9238 0.9566 0.06322 228.43 248.66 0.9177 0.06576 234.61 255.65 0.9427 20 30 40 0.07972 0.08320 0.08660 243.59 251.83 260.17 265.91 275.12 284.42 0.9883 1.0192 1.0494 0.06901 0.07214 0.07518 242.87 251.19 259.61 264.95 274.28 283.67 0.9749 1.0062 1.0367 50 60 70 0.08992 0.09319 0.09641 268.64 277.23 285.96 293.81 303.32 312.95 1.0789 1.1079 1.1364 0.07815 0.08106 0.08392 268.14 276.79 285.56 293.15 302.72 312.41 1.0665 1.0957 1.1243 80 90 100 0.09960 0.10275 0.10587 294.82 303.83 312.98 322.71 332.60 342.62 1.1644 1.1920 1.2193 0.08674 0.08953 0.09229 294.46 303.50 312.68 322.22 332.15 342.21 1.1525 1.1802 1.2076 110 120 0.10897 0.11205 322.27 331.71 352.78 363.08 1.2461 1.2727 0.09503 0.09774 322.00 331.45 352.40 362.73 1.2345 1.2611 p 5 4.0 bar 5 0.40 MPa (Tsat 5 8.938C) p 5 5.0 bar 5 0.50 MPa (Tsat 5 15.748C) Sat. 10 20 0.05089 0.05119 0.05397 231.97 232.87 241.37 252.32 253.35 262.96 0.9145 0.9182 0.9515 0.04086 235.64 256.07 0.9117 0.04188 239.40 260.34 0.9264 30 40 50 0.05662 0.05917 0.06164 249.89 258.47 267.13 272.54 282.14 291.79 0.9837 1.0148 1.0452 0.04416 0.04633 0.04842 248.20 256.99 265.83 270.28 280.16 290.04 0.9597 0.9918 1.0229 60 70 80 0.06405 0.06641 0.06873 275.89 284.75 293.73 301.51 311.32 321.23 1.0748 1.1038 1.1322 0.05043 0.05240 0.05432 274.73 283.72 292.80 299.95 309.92 319.96 1.0531 1.0825 1.1114 90 100 110 0.07102 0.07327 0.07550 302.84 312.07 321.44 331.25 341.38 351.64 1.1602 1.1878 1.2149 0.05620 0.05805 0.05988 302.00 311.31 320.74 330.10 340.33 350.68 1.1397 1.1675 1.1949 120 130 140 0.07771 0.07991 0.08208 330.94 340.58 350.35 362.03 372.54 383.18 1.2417 1.2681 1.2941 0.06168 0.06347 0.06524 330.30 339.98 349.79 361.14 371.72 382.42 1.2218 1.2484 1.2746 p 5 6.0 bar 5 0.60 MPa (Tsat 5 21.588C) p 5 7.0 bar 5 0.70 MPa (Tsat 5 26.728C) Sat. 30 40 0.03408 0.03581 0.03774 238.74 246.41 255.45 259.19 267.89 278.09 0.9097 0.9388 0.9719 0.02918 0.02979 0.03157 241.42 244.51 253.83 261.85 265.37 275.93 0.9080 0.9197 0.9539 50 60 70 0.03958 0.04134 0.04304 264.48 273.54 282.66 288.23 298.35 308.48 1.0037 1.0346 1.0645 0.03324 0.03482 0.03634 263.08 272.31 281.57 286.35 296.69 307.01 0.9867 1.0182 1.0487 80 90 100 0.04469 0.04631 0.04790 291.86 301.14 310.53 318.67 328.93 339.27 1.0938 1.1225 1.1505 0.03781 0.03924 0.04064 290.88 300.27 309.74 317.35 327.74 338.19 1.0784 1.1074 1.1358 110 120 130 0.04946 0.05099 0.05251 320.03 329.64 339.38 349.70 360.24 370.88 1.1781 1.2053 1.2320 0.04201 0.04335 0.04468 319.31 328.98 338.76 348.71 359.33 370.04 1.1637 1.1910 1.2179 140 150 160 0.05402 0.05550 0.05698 349.23 359.21 369.32 381.64 392.52 403.51 1.2584 1.2844 1.3100 0.04599 0.04729 0.04857 348.66 358.68 368.82 380.86 391.79 402.82 1.2444 1.2706 1.2963 Tables in SI Units 911 TABLE A-12 (Continued) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 8.0 bar 5 0.80 MPa (Tsat 5 31.338C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 9.0 bar 5 0.90 MPa (Tsat 5 35.538C) Sat. 40 50 0.02547 0.02691 0.02846 243.78 252.13 261.62 264.15 273.66 284.39 0.9066 0.9374 0.9711 0.02255 0.02325 0.02472 245.88 250.32 260.09 266.18 271.25 282.34 0.9054 0.9217 0.9566 60 70 80 0.02992 0.03131 0.03264 271.04 280.45 289.89 294.98 305.50 316.00 1.0034 1.0345 1.0647 0.02609 0.02738 0.02861 269.72 279.30 288.87 293.21 303.94 314.62 0.9897 1.0214 1.0521 90 100 110 0.03393 0.03519 0.03642 299.37 308.93 318.57 326.52 337.08 347.71 1.0940 1.1227 1.1508 0.02980 0.03095 0.03207 298.46 308.11 317.82 325.28 335.96 346.68 1.0819 1.1109 1.1392 120 130 140 0.03762 0.03881 0.03997 328.31 338.14 348.09 358.40 369.19 380.07 1.1784 1.2055 1.2321 0.03316 0.03423 0.03529 327.62 337.52 347.51 357.47 368.33 379.27 1.1670 1.1943 1.2211 150 160 170 180 0.04113 0.04227 0.04340 0.04452 358.15 368.32 378.61 389.02 391.05 402.14 413.33 424.63 1.2584 1.2843 1.3098 1.3351 0.03633 0.03736 0.03838 0.03939 357.61 367.82 378.14 388.57 390.31 401.44 412.68 424.02 1.2475 1.2735 1.2992 1.3245 p 5 10.0 bar 5 1.00 MPa (Tsat 5 39.398C) p 5 12.0 bar 5 1.20 MPa (Tsat 5 46.328C) Sat. 40 50 0.02020 0.02029 0.02171 247.77 248.39 258.48 267.97 268.68 280.19 0.9043 0.9066 0.9428 0.01712 254.98 275.52 0.9164 60 70 80 0.02301 0.02423 0.02538 268.35 278.11 287.82 291.36 302.34 313.20 0.9768 1.0093 1.0405 0.01835 0.01947 0.02051 265.42 275.59 285.62 287.44 298.96 310.24 0.9527 0.9868 1.0192 90 100 110 0.02649 0.02755 0.02858 297.53 307.27 317.06 324.01 334.82 345.65 1.0707 1.1000 1.1286 0.02150 0.02244 0.02335 295.59 305.54 315.50 321.39 332.47 343.52 1.0503 1.0804 1.1096 120 130 140 0.02959 0.03058 0.03154 326.93 336.88 346.92 356.52 367.46 378.46 1.1567 1.1841 1.2111 0.02423 0.02508 0.02592 325.51 335.58 345.73 354.58 365.68 376.83 1.1381 1.1660 1.1933 150 160 170 180 0.03250 0.03344 0.03436 0.03528 357.06 367.31 377.66 388.12 389.56 400.74 412.02 423.40 1.2376 1.2638 1.2895 1.3149 0.02674 0.02754 0.02834 0.02912 355.95 366.27 376.69 387.21 388.04 399.33 410.70 422.16 1.2201 1.2465 1.2724 1.2980 p 5 14.0 bar 5 1.40 MPa (Tsat 5 52.438C) 0.01663 251.03 270.99 0.9023 p 5 16.0 bar 5 1.60 MPa (Tsat 5 57.928C) Sat. 60 70 0.01405 0.01495 0.01603 253.74 262.17 272.87 273.40 283.10 295.31 0.9003 0.9297 0.9658 0.01208 0.01233 0.01340 256.00 258.48 269.89 275.33 278.20 291.33 0.8982 0.9069 0.9457 80 90 100 0.01701 0.01792 0.01878 283.29 293.55 303.73 307.10 318.63 330.02 0.9997 1.0319 1.0628 0.01435 0.01521 0.01601 280.78 291.39 301.84 303.74 315.72 327.46 0.9813 1.0148 1.0467 110 120 130 0.01960 0.02039 0.02115 313.88 324.05 334.25 341.32 352.59 363.86 1.0927 1.1218 1.1501 0.01677 0.01750 0.01820 312.20 322.53 332.87 339.04 350.53 361.99 1.0773 1.1069 1.1357 140 150 160 0.02189 0.02262 0.02333 344.50 354.82 365.22 375.15 386.49 397.89 1.1777 1.2048 1.2315 0.01887 0.01953 0.02017 343.24 353.66 364.15 373.44 384.91 396.43 1.1638 1.1912 1.2181 170 180 190 200 0.02403 0.02472 0.02541 0.02608 375.71 386.29 396.96 407.73 409.36 420.90 432.53 444.24 1.2576 1.2834 1.3088 1.3338 0.02080 0.02142 0.02203 0.02263 374.71 385.35 396.08 406.90 407.99 419.62 431.33 443.11 1.2445 1.2704 1.2960 1.3212 R-134a T 8C 912 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-13 Ammonia ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 1 bar = 2 = 10 kPa Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8C 0.4086 0.5453 0.7174 0.8850 1.0832 1.4245 1.4367 1.4493 1.4597 1.4703 2.6265 2.0060 1.5524 1.2757 1.0561 243.94 222.03 20.10 17.47 35.09 1264.99 1271.19 1277.20 1281.87 1286.41 243.88 221.95 0.00 17.60 35.25 1416.20 1402.52 1388.56 1377.17 1365.55 1372.32 1380.57 1388.56 1394.77 1400.81 20.1922 20.0951 0.0000 0.0747 0.1484 6.1543 6.0523 5.9557 5.8819 5.8111 250 245 240 236 232 230 228 226 222 220 1.1950 1.3159 1.4465 1.7390 1.9019 1.4757 1.4812 1.4867 1.4980 1.5038 0.9634 0.8803 0.8056 0.6780 0.6233 43.93 52.78 61.65 79.46 88.40 1288.63 1290.82 1292.97 1297.18 1299.23 44.10 52.97 61.86 79.72 88.68 1359.65 1353.68 1347.65 1335.36 1329.10 1403.75 1406.66 1409.51 1415.08 1417.79 0.1849 0.2212 0.2572 0.3287 0.3642 5.7767 5.7430 5.7100 5.6457 5.6144 230 228 226 222 220 218 216 214 212 210 2.0769 2.2644 2.4652 2.6798 2.9089 1.5096 1.5155 1.5215 1.5276 1.5338 0.5739 0.5291 0.4885 0.4516 0.4180 97.36 106.36 115.37 124.42 133.50 1301.25 1303.23 1305.17 1307.08 1308.95 97.68 106.70 115.75 124.83 133.94 1322.77 1316.35 1309.86 1303.28 1296.61 1420.45 1423.05 1425.61 1428.11 1430.55 0.3994 0.4346 0.4695 0.5043 0.5389 5.5837 5.5536 5.5239 5.4948 5.4662 218 216 214 212 210 28 26 24 22 0 3.1532 3.4134 3.6901 3.9842 4.2962 1.5400 1.5464 1.5528 1.5594 1.5660 0.3874 0.3595 0.3340 0.3106 0.2892 142.60 151.74 160.88 170.07 179.29 1310.78 1312.57 1314.32 1316.04 1317.71 143.09 152.26 161.46 170.69 179.96 1289.86 1283.02 1276.10 1269.08 1261.97 1432.95 1435.28 1437.56 1439.78 1441.94 0.5734 0.6077 0.6418 0.6759 0.7097 5.4380 5.4103 5.3831 5.3562 5.3298 28 26 24 22 0 2 4 6 8 10 4.6270 4.9773 5.3479 5.7395 6.1529 1.5727 1.5796 1.5866 1.5936 1.6008 0.2695 0.2514 0.2348 0.2195 0.2054 188.53 197.80 207.10 216.42 225.77 1319.34 1320.92 1322.47 1323.96 1325.42 189.26 198.59 207.95 217.34 226.75 1254.77 1247.48 1240.09 1232.61 1225.03 1444.03 1446.07 1448.04 1449.94 1451.78 0.7435 0.7770 0.8105 0.8438 0.8769 5.3038 5.2781 5.2529 5.2279 5.2033 2 4 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 28 6.5890 7.5324 8.5762 9.7274 10.993 1.6081 1.6231 1.6386 1.6547 1.6714 0.1923 0.1691 0.1492 0.1320 0.1172 235.14 253.95 272.86 291.84 310.92 1326.82 1329.48 1331.94 1334.19 1336.20 236.20 255.18 274.26 293.45 312.75 1217.35 1201.70 1185.64 1169.16 1152.24 1453.55 1456.87 1459.90 1462.61 1465.00 0.9099 0.9755 1.0404 1.1048 1.1686 5.1791 5.1314 5.0849 5.0394 4.9948 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 12.380 13.896 15.549 17.819 20.331 1.6887 1.7068 1.7256 1.7503 1.7765 0.1043 0.0930 0.0831 0.0725 0.0634 330.07 349.32 368.67 393.01 417.56 1337.97 1339.47 1340.70 1341.81 1342.42 332.17 351.69 371.35 396.13 421.17 1134.87 1117.00 1098.62 1074.84 1050.09 1467.03 1468.70 1469.97 1470.96 1471.26 1.2319 1.2946 1.3569 1.4341 1.5109 4.9509 4.9078 4.8652 4.8125 4.7604 32 36 40 45 50 Temp. 8C Press. bar 250 245 240 236 232 Source: Tables A-13 through A-15 are calculated based on equations from L. Haar and J. S. Gallagher, “Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia,” J. Phys. Chem. Reference Data, Vol. 7, 1978, pp. 635–792. Tables in SI Units 913 TABLE A-14 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Press. bar Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 250.36 246.53 243.28 240.46 237.94 235.67 1.4236 1.4330 1.4410 1.4482 1.4546 1.4605 2.6795 2.1752 1.8345 1.5884 1.4020 1.2559 245.52 228.73 214.51 22.11 8.93 18.91 1264.54 1269.31 1273.27 1276.66 1279.61 1282.24 245.46 228.66 214.42 22.01 9.04 19.04 1417.18 1406.73 1397.76 1389.85 1382.73 1376.23 1371.72 1378.07 1383.34 1387.84 1391.78 1395.27 20.1992 20.1245 20.0622 20.0086 0.0386 0.0808 6.1618 6.0829 6.0186 5.9643 5.9174 5.8760 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 233.60 229.07 225.22 221.86 218.86 1.4660 1.4782 1.4889 1.4984 1.5071 1.1381 0.9237 0.7787 0.6740 0.5946 28.03 48.03 65.10 80.08 93.50 1284.61 1289.65 1293.80 1297.33 1300.39 28.18 48.22 65.32 80.35 93.80 1370.23 1356.89 1345.28 1334.92 1325.51 1398.41 1405.11 1410.61 1415.27 1419.31 0.1191 0.2018 0.2712 0.3312 0.3843 5.8391 5.7610 5.6973 5.6435 5.5969 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 216.15 213.67 211.37 29.24 27.24 1.5151 1.5225 1.5295 1.5361 1.5424 0.5323 0.4821 0.4408 0.4061 0.3765 105.68 116.88 127.26 136.96 146.06 1303.08 1305.49 1307.67 1309.65 1311.46 106.03 117.26 127.68 137.42 146.57 1316.83 1308.76 1301.20 1294.05 1287.27 1422.86 1426.03 1428.88 1431.47 1433.84 0.4319 0.4753 0.5152 0.5520 0.5864 5.5558 5.5190 5.4858 5.4554 5.4275 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 25.36 23.58 21.90 20.29 1.25 1.5484 1.5542 1.5597 1.5650 1.5702 0.3511 0.3289 0.3094 0.2921 0.2767 154.66 162.80 170.55 177.96 185.04 1313.14 1314.68 1316.12 1317.47 1318.73 155.20 163.38 171.18 178.62 185.75 1280.81 1274.64 1268.71 1263.01 1257.50 1436.01 1438.03 1439.89 1441.63 1443.25 0.6186 0.6489 0.6776 0.7048 0.7308 5.4016 5.3774 5.3548 5.3336 5.3135 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 2.72 4.13 5.48 6.79 8.05 1.5752 1.5800 1.5847 1.5893 1.5938 0.2629 0.2503 0.2390 0.2286 0.2191 191.84 198.39 204.69 210.78 216.66 1319.91 1321.02 1322.07 1323.06 1324.00 192.59 199.18 205.52 211.65 217.58 1252.18 1247.02 1242.01 1237.15 1232.41 1444.77 1446.19 1447.53 1448.80 1449.99 0.7555 0.7791 0.8018 0.8236 0.8446 5.2946 5.2765 5.2594 5.2430 5.2273 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 9.27 13.79 17.84 21.52 24.89 1.5982 1.6148 1.6302 1.6446 1.6584 0.2104 0.1815 0.1596 0.1424 0.1285 222.37 243.56 262.64 280.05 296.10 1324.89 1328.04 1330.64 1332.82 1334.66 223.32 244.69 263.95 281.53 297.76 1227.79 1210.38 1194.36 1179.44 1165.42 1451.12 1455.07 1458.30 1460.97 1463.18 0.8649 0.9394 1.0054 1.0649 1.1191 5.2122 5.1576 5.1099 5.0675 5.0294 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 30.94 36.26 41.03 45.38 49.37 1.6841 1.7080 1.7306 1.7522 1.7731 0.1075 0.0923 0.0808 0.0717 0.0644 324.99 350.58 373.69 394.85 414.44 1337.52 1339.56 1340.97 1341.88 1342.37 327.01 352.97 376.46 398.00 417.99 1139.52 1115.82 1093.77 1073.01 1053.27 1466.53 1468.79 1470.23 1471.01 1471.26 1.2152 1.2987 1.3729 1.4399 1.5012 4.9625 4.9050 4.8542 4.8086 4.7670 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 Ammonia ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 1 bar = 0.1 2 = 10 kPa 914 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor ersions: Pressure Conv a 1 bar = 0.1 MP 2 a kP 10 = T 8C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg p 5 0.4 bar 5 0.04 MPa (Tsat 5 250.368C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 0.6 bar 5 0.06 MPa (Tsat 5 243.288C) Sat. 250 245 2.6795 2.6841 2.7481 1264.54 1265.11 1273.05 1371.72 1372.48 1382.98 6.1618 6.1652 6.2118 1.8345 1273.27 1383.34 6.0186 240 235 230 2.8118 2.8753 2.9385 1281.01 1288.96 1296.93 1393.48 1403.98 1414.47 6.2573 6.3018 6.3455 1.8630 1.9061 1.9491 1278.62 1286.75 1294.88 1390.40 1401.12 1411.83 6.0490 6.0946 6.1390 225 220 215 3.0015 3.0644 3.1271 1304.90 1312.88 1320.87 1424.96 1435.46 1445.95 6.3882 6.4300 6.4711 1.9918 2.0343 2.0766 1303.01 1311.13 1319.25 1422.52 1433.19 1443.85 6.1826 6.2251 6.2668 210 25 0 5 3.1896 3.2520 3.3142 3.3764 1328.87 1336.88 1344.90 1352.95 1456.45 1466.95 1477.47 1488.00 6.5114 6.5509 6.5898 6.6280 2.1188 2.1609 2.2028 2.2446 1327.37 1335.49 1343.61 1351.75 1454.50 1465.14 1475.78 1486.43 6.3077 6.3478 6.3871 6.4257 p 5 0.8 bar 5 0.08 MPa (Tsat 5 237.948C) Ammonia u kJ/kg p 5 1.0 bar 5 0.10 MPa (Tsat 5 233.608C) Sat. 235 230 1.4021 1.4215 1.4543 1279.61 1284.51 1292.81 1391.78 1398.23 1409.15 5.9174 5.9446 5.9900 1.1381 1284.61 1398.41 5.8391 1.1573 1290.71 1406.44 5.8723 225 220 215 1.4868 1.5192 1.5514 1301.09 1309.36 1317.61 1420.04 1430.90 1441.72 6.0343 6.0777 6.1200 1.1838 1.2101 1.2362 1299.15 1307.57 1315.96 1417.53 1428.58 1439.58 5.9175 5.9616 6.0046 210 25 0 1.5834 1.6153 1.6471 1325.85 1334.09 1342.31 1452.53 1463.31 1474.08 6.1615 6.2021 6.2419 1.2621 1.2880 1.3136 1324.33 1332.67 1341.00 1450.54 1461.47 1472.37 6.0467 6.0878 6.1281 5 10 15 20 1.6788 1.7103 1.7418 1.7732 1350.54 1358.77 1367.01 1375.25 1484.84 1495.60 1506.35 1517.10 6.2809 6.3192 6.3568 6.3939 1.3392 1.3647 1.3900 1.4153 1349.33 1357.64 1365.95 1374.27 1483.25 1494.11 1504.96 1515.80 6.1676 6.2063 6.2442 6.2816 p 5 1.5 bar 5 0.15 MPa (Tsat 5 225.228C) p 5 2.0 bar 5 0.20 MPa (Tsat 5 218.868C) Sat. 225 220 0.7787 0.7795 0.7978 1293.80 1294.20 1303.00 1410.61 1411.13 1422.67 5.6973 5.6994 5.7454 0.59460 1300.39 1419.31 5.5969 215 210 25 0.8158 0.8336 0.8514 1311.75 1320.44 1329.08 1434.12 1445.49 1456.79 5.7902 5.8338 5.8764 0.60542 0.61926 0.63294 1307.43 1316.46 1325.41 1428.51 1440.31 1452.00 5.6328 5.6781 5.7221 0 5 10 0.8689 0.8864 0.9037 1337.68 1346.25 1354.78 1468.02 1479.20 1490.34 5.9179 5.9585 5.9981 0.64648 0.65989 0.67320 1334.29 1343.11 1351.87 1463.59 1475.09 1486.51 5.7649 5.8066 5.8473 15 20 25 30 0.9210 0.9382 0.9553 0.9723 1363.29 1371.79 1380.28 1388.76 1501.44 1512.51 1523.56 1534.60 6.0370 6.0751 6.1125 6.1492 0.68640 0.69952 0.71256 0.72553 1360.59 1369.28 1377.93 1386.56 1497.87 1509.18 1520.44 1531.67 5.8871 5.9260 5.9641 6.0014 Tables in SI Units 915 TABLE A-15 (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg p 5 2.5 bar 5 0.25 MPa (Tsat 5 213.678C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 3.0 bar 5 0.30 MPa (Tsat 5 29.248C) Sat. 210 25 0.48213 0.49051 0.50180 1305.49 1312.37 1321.65 1426.03 1435.00 1447.10 5.5190 5.5534 5.5989 0.40607 1309.65 1431.47 0 5 10 0.51293 0.52393 0.53482 1330.83 1339.91 1348.91 1459.06 1470.89 1482.61 5.6431 5.6860 5.7278 15 20 25 0.54560 0.55630 0.56691 1357.84 1366.72 1375.55 1494.25 1505.80 1517.28 5.7685 5.8083 5.8471 30 35 40 45 0.57745 0.58793 0.59835 0.60872 1384.34 1393.10 1401.84 1410.56 1528.70 1540.08 1551.42 1562.74 5.8851 5.9223 5.9589 5.9947 0.41428 1317.80 1442.08 5.4953 0.42382 0.43323 0.44251 1327.28 1336.64 1345.89 1454.43 1466.61 1478.65 5.5409 5.5851 5.6280 0.45169 0.46078 0.46978 1355.05 1364.13 1373.14 1490.56 1502.36 1514.07 5.6697 5.7103 5.7499 0.47870 0.48756 0.49637 0.50512 1382.09 1391.00 1399.86 1408.70 1525.70 1537.26 1548.77 1560.24 5.7886 5.8264 5.8635 5.8998 p 5 3.5 bar 5 0.35 MPa (Tsat 5 25.368C) 5.4554 p 5 4.0 bar 5 0.40 MPa (Tsat 5 21.908C) Sat. 0 10 0.35108 0.36011 0.37654 1313.14 1323.66 1342.82 1436.01 1449.70 1474.61 5.4016 5.4522 5.5417 0.30942 0.31227 0.32701 1316.12 1319.95 1339.68 1439.89 1444.86 1470.49 5.3548 5.3731 5.4652 20 30 40 0.39251 0.40814 0.42350 1361.49 1379.81 1397.87 1498.87 1522.66 1546.09 5.6259 5.7057 5.7818 0.34129 0.35520 0.36884 1358.81 1377.49 1395.85 1495.33 1519.57 1543.38 5.5515 5.6328 5.7101 60 80 100 0.45363 0.48320 0.51240 1433.55 1469.06 1504.73 1592.32 1638.18 1684.07 5.9249 6.0586 6.1850 0.39550 0.42160 0.44733 1431.97 1467.77 1503.64 1590.17 1636.41 1682.58 5.8549 5.9897 6.1169 120 140 160 0.54136 0.57013 0.59876 1540.79 1577.38 1614.60 1730.26 1776.92 1824.16 6.3056 6.4213 6.5330 0.47280 0.49808 0.52323 1539.85 1576.55 1613.86 1728.97 1775.79 1823.16 6.2380 6.3541 6.4661 180 200 0.62728 0.65572 1652.51 1691.15 1872.06 1920.65 6.6411 6.7460 0.54827 0.57322 1651.85 1690.56 1871.16 1919.85 6.5744 6.6796 p 5 4.5 bar 5 0.45 MPa (Tsat 5 1.258C) p 5 5.0 bar 5 0.50 MPa (Tsat 5 4.138C) Sat. 10 20 0.27671 0.28846 0.30142 1318.73 1336.48 1356.09 1443.25 1466.29 1491.72 5.3135 5.3962 5.4845 0.25034 0.25757 0.26949 1321.02 1333.22 1353.32 1446.19 1462.00 1488.06 5.2765 5.3330 5.4234 30 40 60 0.31401 0.32631 0.35029 1375.15 1393.80 1430.37 1516.45 1540.64 1588.00 5.5674 5.6460 5.7926 0.28103 0.29227 0.31410 1372.76 1391.74 1428.76 1513.28 1537.87 1585.81 5.5080 5.5878 5.7362 80 100 120 0.37369 0.39671 0.41947 1466.47 1502.55 1538.91 1634.63 1681.07 1727.67 5.9285 6.0564 6.1781 0.33535 0.35621 0.37681 1465.16 1501.46 1537.97 1632.84 1679.56 1726.37 5.8733 6.0020 6.1242 140 160 180 200 0.44205 0.46448 0.48681 0.50905 1575.73 1613.13 1651.20 1689.97 1774.65 1822.15 1870.26 1919.04 6.2946 6.4069 6.5155 6.6208 0.39722 0.41749 0.43765 0.45771 1574.90 1612.40 1650.54 1689.38 1773.51 1821.14 1869.36 1918.24 6.2412 6.3537 6.4626 6.5681 Ammonia T 8C 916 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 (Continued ) T 8C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg Ammonia p 5 5.5 bar 5 0.55 MPa (Tsat 5 6.798C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 6.0 bar 5 0.60 MPa (Tsat 5 9.278C) Sat. 10 20 0.22861 0.23227 0.24335 1323.06 1329.88 1350.50 1448.80 1457.63 1484.34 5.2430 5.2743 5.3671 0.21038 0.21115 0.22155 1324.89 1326.47 1347.62 1451.12 1453.16 1480.55 5.2122 5.2195 5.3145 30 40 50 0.25403 0.26441 0.27454 1370.35 1389.64 1408.53 1510.07 1535.07 1559.53 5.4534 5.5345 5.6114 0.23152 0.24118 0.25059 1367.90 1387.52 1406.67 1506.81 1532.23 1557.03 5.4026 5.4851 5.5631 60 80 100 0.28449 0.30398 0.32307 1427.13 1463.85 1500.36 1583.60 1631.04 1678.05 5.6848 5.8230 5.9525 0.25981 0.27783 0.29546 1425.49 1462.52 1499.25 1581.38 1629.22 1676.52 5.6373 5.7768 5.9071 120 140 160 0.34190 0.36054 0.37903 1537.02 1574.07 1611.66 1725.07 1772.37 1820.13 6.0753 6.1926 6.3055 0.31281 0.32997 0.34699 1536.07 1573.24 1610.92 1723.76 1771.22 1819.12 6.0304 6.1481 6.2613 180 200 0.39742 0.41571 1649.88 1688.79 1868.46 1917.43 6.4146 6.5203 0.36390 0.38071 1649.22 1688.20 1867.56 1916.63 6.3707 6.4766 p 5 7.0 bar 5 0.70 MPa (Tsat 5 13.798C) p 5 8.0 bar 5 0.80 MPa (Tsat 5 17.848C) Sat. 20 30 0.18148 0.18721 0.19610 1328.04 1341.72 1362.88 1455.07 1472.77 1500.15 5.1576 5.2186 5.3104 0.15958 0.16138 0.16948 1330.64 1335.59 1357.71 1458.30 1464.70 1493.29 5.1099 5.1318 5.2277 40 50 60 0.20464 0.21293 0.22101 1383.20 1402.90 1422.16 1526.45 1551.95 1576.87 5.3958 5.4760 5.5519 0.17720 0.18465 0.19189 1378.77 1399.05 1418.77 1520.53 1546.77 1572.28 5.3161 5.3986 5.4763 80 100 120 0.23674 0.25205 0.26709 1459.85 1497.02 1534.16 1625.56 1673.46 1721.12 5.6939 5.8258 5.9502 0.20590 0.21949 0.23280 1457.14 1494.77 1532.24 1621.86 1670.37 1718.48 5.6209 5.7545 5.8801 140 160 180 200 0.28193 0.29663 0.31121 0.32571 1571.57 1609.44 1647.90 1687.02 1768.92 1817.08 1865.75 1915.01 6.0688 6.1826 6.2925 6.3988 0.24590 0.25886 0.27170 0.28445 1569.89 1607.96 1646.57 1685.83 1766.61 1815.04 1863.94 1913.39 5.9995 6.1140 6.2243 6.3311 p 5 9.0 bar 5 0.90 MPa (Tsat 5 21.528C) p 5 10.0 bar 5 1.00 MPa (Tsat 5 24.898C) Sat. 30 40 0.14239 0.14872 0.15582 1332.82 1352.36 1374.21 1460.97 1486.20 1514.45 5.0675 5.1520 5.2436 0.12852 0.13206 0.13868 1334.66 1346.82 1369.52 1463.18 1478.88 1508.20 5.0294 5.0816 5.1768 50 60 80 0.16263 0.16922 0.18191 1395.11 1415.32 1454.39 1541.47 1567.61 1618.11 5.3286 5.4083 5.5555 0.14499 0.15106 0.16270 1391.07 1411.79 1451.60 1536.06 1562.86 1614.31 5.2644 5.3460 5.4960 100 120 140 0.19416 0.20612 0.21788 1492.50 1530.30 1568.20 1667.24 1715.81 1764.29 5.6908 5.8176 5.9379 0.17389 0.18478 0.19545 1490.20 1528.35 1566.51 1664.10 1713.13 1761.96 5.6332 5.7612 5.8823 160 180 200 0.22948 0.24097 0.25237 1606.46 1645.24 1684.64 1813.00 1862.12 1911.77 6.0530 6.1639 6.2711 0.20598 0.21638 0.22670 1604.97 1643.91 1683.44 1810.94 1860.29 1910.14 5.9981 6.1095 6.2171 Tables in SI Units 917 TABLE A-15 (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg p 5 12.0 bar 5 1.20 MPa (Tsat 5 30.948C) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 14.0 bar 5 1.40 MPa (Tsat 5 36.268C) Sat. 40 60 0.10751 0.11287 0.12378 1337.52 1359.73 1404.54 1466.53 1495.18 1553.07 4.9625 5.0553 5.2347 0.09231 0.09432 0.10423 1339.56 1349.29 1396.97 1468.79 1481.33 1542.89 4.9050 4.9453 5.1360 80 100 120 0.13387 0.14347 0.15275 1445.91 1485.55 1524.41 1606.56 1657.71 1707.71 5.3906 5.5315 5.6620 0.11324 0.12172 0.12986 1440.06 1480.79 1520.41 1598.59 1651.20 1702.21 5.2984 5.4433 5.5765 140 160 180 0.16181 0.17072 0.17950 1563.09 1601.95 1641.23 1757.26 1806.81 1856.63 5.7850 5.9021 6.0145 0.13777 0.14552 0.15315 1559.63 1598.92 1638.53 1752.52 1802.65 1852.94 5.7013 5.8198 5.9333 200 220 240 0.18819 0.19680 0.20534 1681.05 1721.50 1762.63 1906.87 1957.66 2009.04 6.1230 6.2282 6.3303 0.16068 0.16813 0.17551 1678.64 1719.35 1760.72 1903.59 1954.73 2006.43 6.0427 6.1485 6.2513 260 280 0.21382 0.22225 1804.48 1847.04 2061.06 2113.74 6.4297 6.5267 0.18283 0.19010 1802.78 1845.55 2058.75 2111.69 6.3513 6.4488 p 5 16.0 bar 5 1.60 MPa (Tsat 5 41.038C) p 5 18.0 bar 5 1.80 MPa (Tsat 5 45.388C) Sat. 60 80 0.08079 0.08951 0.09774 1340.97 1389.06 1434.02 1470.23 1532.28 1590.40 4.8542 5.0461 5.2156 0.07174 0.07801 0.08565 1341.88 1380.77 1427.79 1471.01 1521.19 1581.97 4.8086 4.9627 5.1399 100 120 140 0.10539 0.11268 0.11974 1475.93 1516.34 1556.14 1644.56 1696.64 1747.72 5.3648 5.5008 5.6276 0.09267 0.09931 0.10570 1470.97 1512.22 1552.61 1637.78 1690.98 1742.88 5.2937 5.4326 5.5614 160 180 200 0.12663 0.13339 0.14005 1595.85 1635.81 1676.21 1798.45 1849.23 1900.29 5.7475 5.8621 5.9723 0.11192 0.11801 0.12400 1592.76 1633.08 1673.78 1794.23 1845.50 1896.98 5.6828 5.7985 5.9096 220 240 260 280 0.14663 0.15314 0.15959 0.16599 1717.18 1758.79 1801.07 1844.05 1951.79 2003.81 2056.42 2109.64 6.0789 6.1823 6.2829 6.3809 0.12991 0.13574 0.14152 0.14724 1715.00 1756.85 1799.35 1842.55 1948.83 2001.18 2054.08 2107.58 6.0170 6.1210 6.2222 6.3207 p 5 20.0 bar 5 2.00 MPa (Tsat 5 49.378C) Sat. 60 80 0.06445 0.06875 0.07596 1342.37 1372.05 1421.36 1471.26 1509.54 1573.27 4.7670 4.8838 5.0696 100 120 140 0.08248 0.08861 0.09447 1465.89 1508.03 1549.03 1630.86 1685.24 1737.98 5.2283 5.3703 5.5012 160 180 200 0.10016 0.10571 0.11116 1589.65 1630.32 1671.33 1789.97 1841.74 1893.64 5.6241 5.7409 5.8530 220 240 260 280 0.11652 0.12182 0.12706 0.13224 1712.82 1754.90 1797.63 1841.03 1945.87 1998.54 2051.74 2105.50 5.9611 6.0658 6.1675 6.2665 Ammonia T 8C 918 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-16 ersions: Pressure Conv a MP 0.1 = r ba 1 2 = 10 kPa Temp. 8C Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8C 0.02888 0.06426 0.1301 0.2434 0.4261 1.553 1.578 1.605 1.633 1.663 11.27 5.345 2.774 1.551 0.9234 2128.4 2107.8 287.0 265.8 244.4 319.5 329.3 339.3 349.5 359.9 2128.4 2107.8 287.0 265.8 244.3 480.4 471.4 462.4 453.1 443.5 352.0 363.6 375.4 387.3 399.2 20.634 20.519 20.408 20.301 20.198 2.140 2.055 1.986 1.929 1.883 2100 290 280 270 260 0.7046 1.110 1.677 2.444 3.451 1.694 1.728 1.763 1.802 1.844 0.5793 0.3798 0.2585 0.1815 0.1309 222.5 20.2 22.6 45.9 69.8 370.4 381.0 391.6 402.4 413.2 222.4 0.0 22.9 46.3 70.4 433.6 423.2 412.1 400.5 388.0 411.2 423.2 435.0 446.8 458.4 20.098 0.000 0.096 0.190 0.282 1.845 1.815 1.791 1.772 1.757 250 240 230 220 210 0 4 8 12 16 4.743 5.349 6.011 6.732 7.515 1.890 1.910 1.931 1.952 1.975 0.09653 0.08591 0.07666 0.06858 0.06149 94.2 104.2 114.3 124.6 135.0 423.8 428.1 432.3 436.5 440.7 95.1 105.3 115.5 125.9 136.4 374.5 368.8 362.9 356.8 350.5 469.6 474.1 478.4 482.7 486.9 0.374 0.410 0.446 0.482 0.519 1.745 1.741 1.737 1.734 1.731 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 8.362 9.278 10.27 11.33 12.47 1.999 2.024 2.050 2.078 2.108 0.05525 0.04973 0.04483 0.04048 0.03659 145.4 156.1 166.9 177.8 188.9 444.8 448.9 452.9 456.7 460.6 147.1 158.0 169.0 180.2 191.6 343.9 337.0 329.9 322.4 314.6 491.0 495.0 498.9 502.6 506.2 0.555 0.591 0.627 0.663 0.699 1.728 1.725 1.722 1.720 1.717 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 13.69 15.00 16.40 17.89 19.47 2.140 2.174 2.211 2.250 2.293 0.03310 0.02997 0.02714 0.02459 0.02227 200.2 211.7 223.4 235.3 247.4 464.3 467.9 471.4 474.6 477.7 203.1 214.9 227.0 239.3 251.9 306.5 298.0 288.9 279.3 269.2 509.6 512.9 515.9 518.6 521.1 0.736 0.772 0.809 0.846 0.884 1.715 1.712 1.709 1.705 1.701 40 44 48 52 56 60 65 70 75 80 21.16 23.42 25.86 28.49 31.31 2.340 2.406 2.483 2.573 2.683 0.02015 0.01776 0.01560 0.01363 0.01182 259.8 275.7 292.3 309.5 327.6 480.6 483.6 486.1 487.8 488.2 264.8 281.4 298.7 316.8 336.0 258.4 243.8 227.7 209.8 189.2 523.2 525.2 526.4 526.6 525.2 0.921 0.969 1.018 1.069 1.122 1.697 1.690 1.682 1.671 1.657 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 96.7 34.36 37.64 41.19 42.48 2.827 3.038 3.488 4.535 0.01011 0.008415 0.006395 0.004535 347.2 369.4 399.8 434.9 486.9 482.2 467.4 434.9 356.9 380.8 414.2 454.2 164.7 133.1 79.5 0.0 521.6 513.9 493.7 457.2 1.178 1.242 1.330 1.437 1.638 1.608 1.546 1.437 85 90 95 96.7 2100 290 280 270 260 250 240 230 220 210 Propane Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Source: Tables A-16 through A-18 are calculated based on B. A. Younglove and J. F. Ely, “Thermophysical Properties of Fluids. II. Methane, Ethane, Propane, Isobutane and Normal Butane,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1987, pp. 577–598. Tables in SI Units 919 TABLE A-17 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Temp. 8C Sat. Liquid vf 3 103 Sat. Vapor vg 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 293.28 283.87 269.55 256.93 248.68 1.570 1.594 1.634 1.672 1.698 6.752 3.542 1.513 0.7962 0.5467 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 242.38 225.43 214.16 25.46 1.74 1.719 1.781 1.826 1.865 1.899 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 7.93 13.41 18.33 22.82 26.95 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg ? K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 2114.6 295.1 264.9 237.7 219.6 326.0 335.4 350.0 363.1 371.8 2114.6 295.1 264.9 237.6 219.5 474.4 465.9 452.7 440.5 432.3 359.8 370.8 387.8 402.9 412.8 20.556 20.450 20.297 20.167 20.085 2.081 2.011 1.927 1.871 1.841 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 0.4185 0.2192 0.1496 0.1137 0.09172 25.6 33.1 59.8 80.8 98.6 378.5 396.6 408.7 418.0 425.7 25.4 33.5 60.3 81.5 99.5 425.7 406.9 393.3 382.0 372.1 420.3 440.4 453.6 463.5 471.6 20.023 0.139 0.244 0.324 0.389 1.822 1.782 1.762 1.751 1.743 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 1.931 1.960 1.989 2.016 2.043 0.07680 0.06598 0.05776 0.05129 0.04606 114.2 128.2 141.0 152.9 164.0 432.2 438.0 443.1 447.6 451.8 115.3 129.6 142.6 154.7 166.1 363.0 354.6 346.7 339.1 331.8 478.3 484.2 489.3 493.8 497.9 0.446 0.495 0.540 0.580 0.618 1.737 1.733 1.729 1.726 1.723 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 30.80 34.39 37.77 40.97 44.01 2.070 2.096 2.122 2.148 2.174 0.04174 0.03810 0.03499 0.03231 0.02997 174.5 184.4 193.9 203.0 211.7 455.6 459.1 462.2 465.2 467.9 176.8 187.0 196.7 206.0 215.0 324.7 317.8 311.0 304.4 297.9 501.5 504.8 507.7 510.4 512.9 0.652 0.685 0.716 0.745 0.772 1.721 1.718 1.716 1.714 1.712 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 46.89 49.65 52.30 54.83 57.27 2.200 2.227 2.253 2.280 2.308 0.02790 0.02606 0.02441 0.02292 0.02157 220.1 228.3 236.2 243.8 251.3 470.4 472.7 474.9 476.9 478.7 223.6 232.0 240.2 248.2 255.9 291.4 285.0 278.6 272.2 265.9 515.0 517.0 518.8 520.4 521.8 0.799 0.824 0.849 0.873 0.896 1.710 1.707 1.705 1.703 1.700 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 61.90 66.21 70.27 74.10 77.72 2.364 2.424 2.487 2.555 2.630 0.01921 0.01721 0.01549 0.01398 0.01263 265.8 279.7 293.1 306.2 319.2 481.7 484.3 486.2 487.5 488.1 271.0 285.5 299.6 313.4 327.1 253.0 240.1 226.9 213.2 198.9 524.0 525.6 526.5 526.6 526.0 0.939 0.981 1.021 1.060 1.097 1.695 1.688 1.681 1.673 1.664 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 42.48 86.01 93.38 96.70 2.862 3.279 4.535 0.009771 0.007151 0.004535 351.4 387.9 434.9 486.3 474.7 434.9 361.4 401.0 454.2 159.1 102.3 0.0 520.5 503.3 454.2 1.190 1.295 1.437 1.633 1.574 1.437 35.00 40.00 42.48 Propane ersions: Pressure Conv a 1 bar = 0.1 MP 2 a kP 10 = 920 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-18 Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor ersions: Pressure Conv a 1 bar = 0.1 MP 2 = 10 kPa T 8C u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K v m3/kg p 5 0.05 bar 5 0.005 MPa (Tsat 5 293.288C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 0.1 bar 5 0.01 MPa (Tsat 5 283.878C) Sat. 290 280 6.752 6.877 7.258 326.0 329.4 339.8 359.8 363.8 376.1 2.081 2.103 2.169 3.542 367.3 370.8 2.011 3.617 339.5 375.7 2.037 270 260 250 7.639 8.018 8.397 350.6 361.8 373.3 388.8 401.9 415.3 2.233 2.296 2.357 3.808 3.999 4.190 350.3 361.5 373.1 388.4 401.5 415.0 2.101 2.164 2.226 240 230 220 8.776 9.155 9.533 385.1 397.4 410.1 429.0 443.2 457.8 2.418 2.477 2.536 4.380 4.570 4.760 385.0 397.3 410.0 428.8 443.0 457.6 2.286 2.346 2.405 210 0 10 20 9.911 10.29 10.67 11.05 423.2 436.8 450.8 270.6 472.8 488.2 504.1 520.4 2.594 2.652 2.709 2.765 4.950 5.139 5.329 5.518 423.1 436.7 450.6 465.1 472.6 488.1 503.9 520.3 2.463 2.520 2.578 2.634 p 5 0.5 bar 5 0.05 MPa (Tsat 5 256.938C) Propane u kJ/kg p 5 1.0 bar 5 0.1 MPa (Tsat 5 242.388C) Sat. 250 240 0.796 0.824 0.863 363.1 371.3 383.4 402.9 412.5 426.6 1.871 1.914 1.976 0.4185 378.5 420.3 1.822 0.4234 381.5 423.8 1.837 230 220 210 0.903 0.942 0.981 396.0 408.8 422.1 441.1 455.9 471.1 2.037 2.096 2.155 0.4439 0.4641 0.4842 394.2 407.3 420.7 438.6 453.7 469.1 1.899 1.960 2.019 0 10 20 1.019 1.058 1.096 435.8 449.8 464.3 486.7 502.7 519.1 2.213 2.271 2.328 0.5040 0.5238 0.5434 434.4 448.6 463.3 484.8 501.0 517.6 2.078 2.136 2.194 30 40 50 60 1.135 1.173 1.211 1.249 479.2 494.6 510.4 526.7 535.9 553.2 570.9 589.1 2.384 2.440 2.496 2.551 0.5629 0.5824 0.6018 0.6211 478.2 493.7 509.5 525.8 534.5 551.9 569.7 587.9 2.251 2.307 2.363 2.419 p 5 2.0 bar 5 0.2 MPa (Tsat 5 225.438C) p 5 3.0 bar 5 0.3 MPa (Tsat 5 214.168C) Sat. 220 210 0.2192 0.2251 0.2358 396.6 404.0 417.7 440.4 449.0 464.9 1.782 1.816 1.877 0.1496 408.7 453.6 1.762 0.1527 414.7 460.5 1.789 0 10 20 0.2463 0.2566 0.2669 431.8 446.3 461.1 481.1 497.6 514.5 1.938 1.997 2.056 0.1602 0.1674 0.1746 429.0 443.8 458.8 477.1 494.0 511.2 1.851 1.912 1.971 30 40 50 0.2770 0.2871 0.2970 476.3 491.9 507.9 531.7 549.3 567.3 2.113 2.170 2.227 0.1816 0.1885 0.1954 474.2 490.1 506.2 528.7 546.6 564.8 2.030 2.088 2.145 60 70 80 90 0.3070 0.3169 0.3267 0.3365 524.3 541.1 558.4 576.1 585.7 604.5 623.7 643.4 2.283 2.339 2.394 2.449 0.2022 0.2090 0.2157 0.2223 522.7 539.6 557.0 574.8 583.4 602.3 621.7 641.5 2.202 2.258 2.314 2.369 Tables in SI Units 921 TABLE A-18 (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 4.0 bar 5 0.4 MPa (Tsat 5 25.468C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 5.0 bar 5 0.5 MPa (Tsat 5 1.748C) Sat. 0 10 0.1137 0.1169 0.1227 418.0 426.1 441.2 463.5 472.9 490.3 1.751 1.786 1.848 0.09172 425.7 471.6 1.743 0.09577 438.4 486.3 1.796 20 30 40 0.1283 0.1338 0.1392 456.6 472.2 488.1 507.9 525.7 543.8 1.909 1.969 2.027 0.1005 0.1051 0.1096 454.1 470.0 486.1 504.3 522.5 540.9 1.858 1.919 1.979 50 60 70 0.1445 0.1498 0.1550 504.4 521.1 538.1 562.2 581.0 600.1 2.085 2.143 2.199 0.1140 0.1183 0.1226 502.5 519.4 536.6 559.5 578.5 597.9 2.038 2.095 2.153 80 90 100 110 0.1601 0.1652 0.1703 0.1754 555.7 573.5 591.8 610.4 619.7 639.6 659.9 680.6 2.255 2.311 2.366 2.421 0.1268 0.1310 0.1351 0.1392 554.1 572.1 590.5 609.3 617.5 637.6 658.0 678.9 2.209 2.265 2.321 2.376 p 5 6.0 bar 5 0.6 MPa (Tsat 5 7.938C) p 5 7.0 bar 5 0.7 MPa (Tsat 5 13.418C) Sat. 10 20 0.07680 0.07769 0.08187 432.2 435.6 451.5 478.3 482.2 500.6 1.737 1.751 1.815 0.06598 438.0 484.2 1.733 0.06847 448.8 496.7 1.776 30 40 50 0.08588 0.08978 0.09357 467.7 484.0 500.7 519.2 537.9 556.8 1.877 1.938 1.997 0.07210 0.07558 0.07896 465.2 481.9 498.7 515.7 534.8 554.0 1.840 1.901 1.962 60 70 80 0.09729 0.1009 0.1045 517.6 535.0 552.7 576.0 595.5 615.4 2.056 2.113 2.170 0.08225 0.08547 0.08863 515.9 533.4 551.2 573.5 593.2 613.2 2.021 2.079 2.137 0.1081 0.1116 0.1151 0.1185 570.7 589.2 608.0 627.3 635.6 656.2 677.1 698.4 2.227 2.283 2.338 2.393 0.09175 0.09482 0.09786 0.1009 569.4 587.9 606.8 626.2 633.6 654.3 675.3 696.8 2.194 2.250 2.306 2.361 90 100 110 120 p 5 8.0 bar 5 0.8 MPa (Tsat 5 18.338C) p 5 9.0 bar 5 0.9 MPa (Tsat 5 22.828C) Sat. 20 30 0.05776 0.05834 0.06170 443.1 445.9 462.7 489.3 492.6 512.1 1.729 1.740 1.806 0.05129 447.2 493.8 1.726 0.05355 460.0 508.2 1.774 40 50 60 0.06489 0.06796 0.07094 479.6 496.7 514.0 531.5 551.1 570.8 1.869 1.930 1.990 0.05653 0.05938 0.06213 477.2 494.7 512.2 528.1 548.1 568.1 1.839 1.901 1.962 70 80 90 0.07385 0.07669 0.07948 531.6 549.6 567.9 590.7 611.0 631.5 2.049 2.107 2.165 0.06479 0.06738 0.06992 530.0 548.1 566.5 588.3 608.7 629.4 2.022 2.081 2.138 100 110 120 0.08222 0.08493 0.08761 586.5 605.6 625.0 652.3 673.5 695.1 2.221 2.277 2.333 0.07241 0.07487 0.07729 585.2 604.3 623.7 650.4 671.7 693.3 2.195 2.252 2.307 130 140 0.09026 0.09289 644.8 665.0 717.0 739.3 2.388 2.442 0.07969 0.08206 643.6 663.8 715.3 737.7 2.363 2.418 Propane T 8C 922 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-18 (Continued ) T 8C u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 10.0 bar 5 1.0 MPa (Tsat 5 26.958C) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 12.0 bar 5 1.2 MPa (Tsat 5 34.398C) Sat. 30 40 0.04606 0.04696 0.04980 451.8 457.1 474.8 497.9 504.1 524.6 1.723 1.744 1.810 0.03810 459.1 504.8 1.718 0.03957 469.4 516.9 1.757 50 60 70 0.05248 0.05505 0.05752 492.4 510.2 528.2 544.9 565.2 585.7 1.874 1.936 1.997 0.04204 0.04436 0.04657 487.8 506.1 524.4 538.2 559.3 580.3 1.824 1.889 1.951 80 90 100 0.05992 0.06226 0.06456 546.4 564.9 583.7 606.3 627.2 648.3 2.056 2.114 2.172 0.04869 0.05075 0.05275 543.1 561.8 580.9 601.5 622.7 644.2 2.012 2.071 2.129 110 120 130 140 0.06681 0.06903 0.07122 0.07338 603.0 622.6 642.5 662.8 669.8 691.6 713.7 736.2 2.228 2.284 2.340 2.395 0.05470 0.05662 0.05851 0.06037 600.4 620.1 640.1 660.6 666.0 688.0 710.3 733.0 2.187 2.244 2.300 2.355 p 5 14.0 bar 5 1.4 MPa (Tsat 5 40.978C) Propane u kJ/kg v m3/kg p 5 16.0 bar 5 1.6 MPa (Tsat 5 46.898C) Sat. 50 60 0.03231 0.03446 0.03664 465.2 482.6 501.6 510.4 530.8 552.9 1.714 1.778 1.845 0.02790 0.02861 0.03075 470.4 476.7 496.6 515.0 522.5 545.8 1.710 1.733 1.804 70 80 90 0.03869 0.04063 0.04249 520.4 539.4 558.6 574.6 596.3 618.1 1.909 1.972 2.033 0.03270 0.03453 0.03626 516.2 535.7 555.2 568.5 590.9 613.2 1.871 1.935 1.997 100 110 120 0.04429 0.04604 0.04774 577.9 597.5 617.5 639.9 662.0 684.3 2.092 2.150 2.208 0.03792 0.03952 0.04107 574.8 594.7 614.8 635.5 657.9 680.5 2.058 2.117 2.176 130 140 150 160 0.04942 0.05106 0.05268 0.05428 637.7 658.3 679.2 700.5 706.9 729.8 753.0 776.5 2.265 2.321 2.376 2.431 0.04259 0.04407 0.04553 0.04696 635.3 656.0 677.1 698.5 703.4 726.5 749.9 773.6 2.233 2.290 2.346 2.401 p 5 18.0 bar 5 1.8 MPa (Tsat 5 52.308C) p 5 20.0 bar 5 2.0 MPa (Tsat 5 57.278C) Sat. 60 70 0.02441 0.02606 0.02798 474.9 491.1 511.4 518.8 538.0 561.8 1.705 1.763 1.834 0.02157 0.02216 0.02412 478.7 484.8 506.3 521.8 529.1 554.5 1.700 1.722 1.797 80 90 100 0.02974 0.03138 0.03293 531.6 551.5 571.5 585.1 608.0 630.8 1.901 1.965 2.027 0.02585 0.02744 0.02892 527.1 547.6 568.1 578.8 602.5 625.9 1.867 1.933 1.997 110 120 130 0.03443 0.03586 0.03726 591.7 612.1 632.7 653.7 676.6 699.8 2.087 2.146 2.204 0.03033 0.03169 0.03299 588.5 609.2 630.0 649.2 672.6 696.0 2.059 2.119 2.178 140 150 160 0.03863 0.03996 0.04127 653.6 674.8 696.3 723.1 746.7 770.6 2.262 2.318 2.374 0.03426 0.03550 0.03671 651.2 672.5 694.2 719.7 743.5 767.6 2.236 2.293 2.349 170 180 0.04256 0.04383 718.2 740.4 794.8 819.3 2.429 2.484 0.03790 0.03907 716.2 738.5 792.0 816.6 2.404 2.459 Tables in SI Units 923 TABLE A-18 (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 22.0 bar 5 2.2 MPa (Tsat 5 61.908C) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg ? K p 5 24.0 bar 5 2.4 MPa (Tsat 5 66.218C) Sat. 70 80 0.01921 0.02086 0.02261 481.8 500.5 522.4 524.0 546.4 572.1 1.695 1.761 1.834 0.01721 0.01802 0.01984 484.3 493.7 517.0 525.6 536.9 564.6 1.688 1.722 1.801 90 100 110 0.02417 0.02561 0.02697 543.5 564.5 585.3 596.7 620.8 644.6 1.903 1.969 2.032 0.02141 0.02283 0.02414 539.0 560.6 581.9 590.4 615.4 639.8 1.873 1.941 2.006 120 130 140 0.02826 0.02949 0.03069 606.2 627.3 648.6 668.4 692.2 716.1 2.093 2.153 2.211 0.02538 0.02656 0.02770 603.2 624.6 646.0 664.1 688.3 712.5 2.068 2.129 2.188 150 160 170 180 0.03185 0.03298 0.03409 0.03517 670.1 691.9 714.1 736.5 740.2 764.5 789.1 813.9 2.269 2.326 2.382 2.437 0.02880 0.02986 0.03091 0.03193 667.8 689.7 711.9 734.5 736.9 761.4 786.1 811.1 2.247 2.304 2.360 2.416 p 5 26.0 bar 5 2.6 MPa (Tsat 5 70.278C) p 5 30.0 bar 5 3.0 MPa (Tsat 5 77.728C) Sat. 80 90 0.01549 0.01742 0.01903 486.2 511.0 534.2 526.5 556.3 583.7 1.681 1.767 1.844 0.01263 0.01318 0.01506 488.2 495.4 522.8 526.0 534.9 568.0 1.664 1.689 1.782 100 110 120 0.02045 0.02174 0.02294 556.4 578.3 600.0 609.6 634.8 659.6 1.914 1.981 2.045 0.01654 0.01783 0.01899 547.2 570.4 593.0 596.8 623.9 650.0 1.860 1.932 1.999 130 140 150 0.02408 0.02516 0.02621 621.6 643.4 665.3 684.2 708.8 733.4 2.106 2.167 2.226 0.02007 0.02109 0.02206 615.4 637.7 660.1 675.6 701.0 726.3 2.063 2.126 2.186 160 170 180 190 0.02723 0.02821 0.02918 0.03012 687.4 709.9 732.5 755.5 758.2 783.2 808.4 833.8 2.283 2.340 2.397 2.452 0.02300 0.02390 0.02478 0.02563 682.6 705.4 728.3 751.5 751.6 777.1 802.6 828.4 2.245 2.303 2.360 2.417 p 5 35.0 bar 5 3.5 MPa (Tsat 5 86.018C) p 5 40.0 bar 5 4.0 MPa (Tsat 5 93.388C) Sat. 90 100 0.00977 0.01086 0.01270 486.3 502.4 532.9 520.5 540.5 577.3 1.633 1.688 1.788 0.00715 474.7 503.3 1.574 0.00940 512.1 549.7 1.700 110 120 130 0.01408 0.01526 0.01631 558.9 583.4 607.0 608.2 636.8 664.1 1.870 1.944 2.012 0.01110 0.01237 0.01344 544.7 572.1 597.4 589.1 621.6 651.2 1.804 1.887 1.962 140 150 160 0.01728 0.01819 0.01906 630.2 653.3 676.4 690.7 717.0 743.1 2.077 2.140 2.201 0.01439 0.01527 0.01609 621.9 645.9 669.7 679.5 707.0 734.1 2.031 2.097 2.160 170 180 190 200 0.01989 0.02068 0.02146 0.02221 699.6 722.9 746.5 770.3 769.2 795.3 821.6 848.0 2.261 2.319 2.376 2.433 0.01687 0.01761 0.01833 0.01902 693.4 717.3 741.2 765.3 760.9 787.7 814.5 841.4 2.222 2.281 2.340 2.397 Propane T 8C 924 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-19 Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, r, and k Substance Specific Heat, cp (kJ/kg ? K) Density, r (kg/m3) Thermal Conductivity, k (W/m ? K) 0.903 1.260 0.385 0.775 0.447 0.129 0.800 0.235 1.840 0.480 0.227 2700 1350 8930 2630 7870 11300 1520 10500 2050 8060 7310 237 0.26 401 2.79 80.2 35.3 0.27 429 0.52 15.1 66.6 0.835 0.880 0.750 1.170 0.810 1.220 1.380 1920 2300 2500 640 2320 545 510 0.72 1.4 1.4 0.094 2.15 0.12 0.12 — 1.800 0.835 1.210 0.835 16 120 32 55 80 0.046 0.039 0.038 0.027 0.068 4.818 0.139 1.267 1.434 1.909 4.211 4.179 4.182 4.195 4.220 4.256 599.8 13529 1183.1 1199.7 884.1 999.9 996.5 987.1 973.5 956.8 937.4 0.465 8.540 0.085 0.081 0.145 0.574 0.613 0.645 0.668 0.681 0.688 Selected Solids, 300K Aluminum Coal, anthracite Copper Granite Iron Lead Sand Silver Soil Steel (AISI 302) Tin Building Materials, 300K Brick, common Concrete (stone mix) Glass, plate Hardboard, siding Limestone Plywood Softwoods (fir, pine) Insulating Materials, 300K Blanket (glass fiber) Cork Duct liner (glass fiber, coated) Polystyrene (extruded) Vermiculite fill (flakes) Table A-19 Saturated Liquids Ammonia, 300K Mercury, 300K Refrigerant 22, 300K Refrigerant 134a, 300K Unused Engine Oil, 300K Water, 275K 300K 325K 350K 375K 400K Sources: Drawn from several sources, these data are only representative. Values can vary depending on temperature, purity, moisture content, and other factors. Tables in SI Units 925 TABLE A-20 Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases (kJ/kg ? K) cv Temp. K k cp cv Air k cp cy k Temp. K Oxygen, O2 Nitrogen, N2 250 300 350 1.003 1.005 1.008 0.716 0.718 0.721 1.401 1.400 1.398 1.039 1.039 1.041 0.742 0.743 0.744 1.400 1.400 1.399 0.913 0.918 0.928 0.653 0.658 0.668 1.398 1.395 1.389 250 300 350 400 450 500 1.013 1.020 1.029 0.726 0.733 0.742 1.395 1.391 1.387 1.044 1.049 1.056 0.747 0.752 0.759 1.397 1.395 1.391 0.941 0.956 0.972 0.681 0.696 0.712 1.382 1.373 1.365 400 450 500 550 600 650 1.040 1.051 1.063 0.753 0.764 0.776 1.381 1.376 1.370 1.065 1.075 1.086 0.768 0.778 0.789 1.387 1.382 1.376 0.988 1.003 1.017 0.728 0.743 0.758 1.358 1.350 1.343 550 600 650 700 750 800 1.075 1.087 1.099 0.788 0.800 0.812 1.364 1.359 1.354 1.098 1.110 1.121 0.801 0.813 0.825 1.371 1.365 1.360 1.031 1.043 1.054 0.771 0.783 0.794 1.337 1.332 1.327 700 750 800 900 1000 1.121 1.142 0.834 0.855 1.344 1.336 1.145 1.167 0.849 0.870 1.349 1.341 1.074 1.090 0.814 0.830 1.319 1.313 900 1000 Temp. K Carbon Dioxide, CO2 Carbon Monoxide, CO Temp. K Hydrogen, H2 250 300 350 0.791 0.846 0.895 0.602 0.657 0.706 1.314 1.288 1.268 1.039 1.040 1.043 0.743 0.744 0.746 1.400 1.399 1.398 14.051 14.307 14.427 9.927 10.183 10.302 1.416 1.405 1.400 250 300 350 400 450 500 0.939 0.978 1.014 0.750 0.790 0.825 1.252 1.239 1.229 1.047 1.054 1.063 0.751 0.757 0.767 1.395 1.392 1.387 14.476 14.501 14.513 10.352 10.377 10.389 1.398 1.398 1.397 400 450 500 550 600 650 1.046 1.075 1.102 0.857 0.886 0.913 1.220 1.213 1.207 1.075 1.087 1.100 0.778 0.790 0.803 1.382 1.376 1.370 14.530 14.546 14.571 10.405 10.422 10.447 1.396 1.396 1.395 550 600 650 700 750 800 1.126 1.148 1.169 0.937 0.959 0.980 1.202 1.197 1.193 1.113 1.126 1.139 0.816 0.829 0.842 1.364 1.358 1.353 14.604 14.645 14.695 10.480 10.521 10.570 1.394 1.392 1.390 700 750 800 900 1000 1.204 1.234 1.015 1.045 1.186 1.181 1.163 1.185 0.866 0.888 1.343 1.335 14.822 14.983 10.698 10.859 1.385 1.380 900 1000 Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on “Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases,” NBS Circular 564, 1955. Table A-20 cp 926 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-21 Variation of c–p with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases cp R 5 a 1 bT 1 gT 2 1 dT 3 1 eT 4 T is in K, equations valid from 300 to 1000 K Gas a b 3 103 g 3 106 d 3 109 e 3 1012 CO CO2 H2 H2O 3.710 2.401 3.057 4.070 21.619 8.735 2.677 21.108 3.692 26.607 25.810 4.152 22.032 2.002 5.521 22.964 0.240 0 21.812 0.807 O2 N2 Air SO2 3.626 3.675 3.653 3.267 21.878 21.208 21.337 5.324 7.055 2.324 3.294 0.684 26.764 20.632 21.913 25.281 2.156 20.226 0.2763 2.559 CH4 C2H2 C2H4 3.826 1.410 1.426 23.979 19.057 11.383 24.558 224.501 7.989 222.733 16.391 216.254 6.963 24.135 6.749 Monatomic gasesa 2.5 0 0 0 0 a For monatomic gases, such as He, Ne, and Ar, c–p is constant over a wide temperature range and is very nearly equal _ to 5/2 R. Table A-21 Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on NASA SP-273, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971. TABLE A-22 Ideal Gas Properties of Air T(K), h and u(kJ/kg), s8 (kJ/kg ? K) when Ds 5 01 T h u s8 pr 200 210 220 230 240 199.97 209.97 219.97 230.02 240.02 142.56 149.69 156.82 164.00 171.13 1.29559 1.34444 1.39105 1.43557 1.47824 0.3363 0.3987 0.4690 0.5477 0.6355 250 260 270 280 285 250.05 260.09 270.11 280.13 285.14 178.28 185.45 192.60 199.75 203.33 1.51917 1.55848 1.59634 1.63279 1.65055 0.7329 0.8405 0.9590 1.0889 1.1584 290 295 300 305 310 290.16 295.17 300.19 305.22 310.24 206.91 210.49 214.07 217.67 221.25 1.66802 1.68515 1.70203 1.71865 1.73498 315 320 325 330 340 315.27 320.29 325.31 330.34 340.42 224.85 228.42 232.02 235.61 242.82 350 360 370 380 390 350.49 360.58 370.67 380.77 390.88 400 410 420 430 440 400.98 411.12 421.26 431.43 441.61 when Ds 5 0 T h u s8 pr vr 450 460 470 480 490 451.80 462.02 472.24 482.49 492.74 322.62 329.97 337.32 344.70 352.08 2.11161 2.13407 2.15604 2.17760 2.19876 5.775 6.245 6.742 7.268 7.824 223.6 211.4 200.1 189.5 179.7 979. 887.8 808.0 738.0 706.1 500 510 520 530 540 503.02 513.32 523.63 533.98 544.35 359.49 366.92 374.36 381.84 389.34 2.21952 2.23993 2.25997 2.27967 2.29906 8.411 9.031 9.684 10.37 11.10 170.6 162.1 154.1 146.7 139.7 1.2311 1.3068 1.3860 1.4686 1.5546 676.1 647.9 621.2 596.0 572.3 550 560 570 580 590 554.74 565.17 575.59 586.04 596.52 396.86 404.42 411.97 419.55 427.15 2.31809 2.33685 2.35531 2.37348 2.39140 11.86 12.66 13.50 14.38 15.31 133.1 127.0 121.2 115.7 110.6 1.75106 1.76690 1.78249 1.79783 1.82790 1.6442 1.7375 1.8345 1.9352 2.149 549.8 528.6 508.4 489.4 454.1 600 610 620 630 640 607.02 617.53 628.07 638.63 649.22 434.78 442.42 450.09 457.78 465.50 2.40902 2.42644 2.44356 2.46048 2.47716 16.28 17.30 18.36 19.84 20.64 105.8 101.2 96.92 92.84 88.99 250.02 257.24 264.46 271.69 278.93 1.85708 1.88543 1.91313 1.94001 1.96633 2.379 2.626 2.892 3.176 3.481 422.2 393.4 367.2 343.4 321.5 650 660 670 680 690 659.84 670.47 681.14 691.82 702.52 473.25 481.01 488.81 496.62 504.45 2.49364 2.50985 2.52589 2.54175 2.55731 21.86 23.13 24.46 25.85 27.29 85.34 81.89 78.61 75.50 72.56 286.16 293.43 300.69 307.99 315.30 1.99194 2.01699 2.04142 2.06533 2.08870 3.806 4.153 4.522 4.915 5.332 301.6 283.3 266.6 251.1 236.8 700 710 720 730 740 713.27 724.04 734.82 745.62 756.44 512.33 520.23 528.14 536.07 544.02 2.57277 2.58810 2.60319 2.61803 2.63280 28.80 30.38 32.02 33.72 35.50 69.76 67.07 64.53 62.13 59.82 1. pr and vr data for use with Eqs. 6.41 and 6.42, respectively. vr 1707. 1512. 1346. 1205. 1084. 927 Table A-22 Tables in SI Units Table A-22 928 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-22 (Continued) T(K), h and u(kJ/kg), s8 (kJ/kg ? K) when Ds 5 01 T h u s8 pr 750 760 770 780 790 767.29 778.18 789.11 800.03 810.99 551.99 560.01 568.07 576.12 584.21 2.64737 2.66176 2.67595 2.69013 2.70400 37.35 39.27 41.31 43.35 45.55 800 820 840 860 880 821.95 843.98 866.08 888.27 910.56 592.30 608.59 624.95 641.40 657.95 2.71787 2.74504 2.77170 2.79783 2.82344 900 920 940 960 980 932.93 955.38 977.92 1000.55 1023.25 674.58 691.28 708.08 725.02 741.98 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 1046.04 1068.89 1091.85 1114.86 1137.89 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 when Ds 5 0 T h u s8 57.63 55.54 53.39 51.64 49.86 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1395.97 1419.76 1443.60 1467.49 1491.44 1022.82 1040.88 1058.94 1077.10 1095.26 3.27345 3.29160 3.30959 3.32724 3.34474 330.9 352.5 375.3 399.1 424.2 11.275 10.747 10.247 9.780 9.337 47.75 52.59 57.60 63.09 68.98 48.08 44.84 41.85 39.12 36.61 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1515.42 1539.44 1563.51 1587.63 1611.79 1113.52 1131.77 1150.13 1168.49 1186.95 3.36200 3.37901 3.39586 3.41247 3.42892 450.5 478.0 506.9 537.1 568.8 8.919 8.526 8.153 7.801 7.468 2.84856 2.87324 2.89748 2.92128 2.94468 75.29 82.05 89.28 97.00 105.2 34.31 32.18 30.22 28.40 26.73 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1635.97 1660.23 1684.51 1708.82 1733.17 1205.41 1223.87 1242.43 1260.99 1279.65 3.44516 3.46120 3.47712 3.49276 3.50829 601.9 636.5 672.8 710.5 750.0 7.152 6.854 6.569 6.301 6.046 758.94 776.10 793.36 810.62 827.88 2.96770 2.99034 3.01260 3.03449 3.05608 114.0 123.4 133.3 143.9 155.2 25.17 23.72 22.39 21.14 19.98 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1757.57 1782.00 1806.46 1830.96 1855.50 1298.30 1316.96 1335.72 1354.48 1373.24 3.52364 3.53879 3.55381 3.56867 3.58335 791.2 834.1 878.9 925.6 974.2 5.804 5.574 5.355 5.147 4.949 1161.07 1184.28 1207.57 1230.92 1254.34 845.33 862.79 880.35 897.91 915.57 3.07732 3.09825 3.11883 3.13916 3.15916 167.1 179.7 193.1 207.2 222.2 18.896 17.886 16.946 16.064 15.241 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1880.1 1941.6 2003.3 2065.3 2127.4 1392.7 1439.8 1487.2 1534.9 1582.6 3.5979 3.6336 3.6684 3.7023 3.7354 1025 1161 1310 1475 1655 4.761 4.328 3.944 3.601 3.295 1277.79 1301.31 1324.93 1348.55 1372.24 933.33 951.09 968.95 986.90 1004.76 3.17888 3.19834 3.21751 3.23638 3.25510 238.0 254.7 272.3 290.8 310.4 14.470 13.747 13.069 12.435 11.835 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 2189.7 2252.1 2314.6 2377.4 2440.3 1630.6 1678.7 1726.8 1775.3 1823.8 3.7677 3.7994 3.8303 3.8605 3.8901 1852 2068 2303 2559 2837 3.022 2.776 2.555 2.356 2.175 2200 2250 2503.2 2566.4 1872.4 1921.3 3.9191 3.9474 3138 3464 2.012 1.864 vr Source: Table A-22 is based on J. H. Keenan and J. Kaye, Gas Tables, Wiley, New York, 1945. pr vr TABLE A-23 Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases _ _ _ Enthalpy h(T ) and internal energy u(T ), in kJ/kmol. Absolute entropy at 1 atm s8(T ), in kJ/kmol ? K. 929 T(K) _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2393,520 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 2110,530 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2241,820 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 0 220 230 240 250 0 6,601 6,938 7,280 7,627 0 4,772 5,026 5,285 5,548 0 202.966 204.464 205.920 207.337 0 6,391 6,683 6,975 7,266 0 4,562 4,771 4,979 5,188 0 188.683 189.980 191.221 192.411 0 7,295 7,628 7,961 8,294 0 5,466 5,715 5,965 6,215 0 178.576 180.054 181.471 182.831 0 6,404 6,694 6,984 7,275 0 4,575 4,782 4,989 5,197 0 196.171 197.461 198.696 199.885 0 6,391 6,683 6,975 7,266 0 4,562 4,770 4,979 5,188 0 182.638 183.938 185.180 186.370 0 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 298 7,979 8,335 8,697 9,063 9,364 5,817 6,091 6,369 6,651 6,885 208.717 210.062 211.376 212.660 213.685 7,558 7,849 8,140 8,432 8,669 5,396 5,604 5,812 6,020 6,190 193.554 194.654 195.173 196.735 197.543 8,627 8,961 9,296 9,631 9,904 6,466 6,716 6,968 7,219 7,425 184.139 185.399 186.616 187.791 188.720 7,566 7,858 8,150 8,443 8,682 5,405 5,613 5,822 6,032 6,203 201.027 202.128 203.191 204.218 205.033 7,558 7,849 8,141 8,432 8,669 5,396 5,604 5,813 6,021 6,190 187.514 188.614 189.673 190.695 191.502 260 270 280 290 298 300 310 320 330 340 9,431 9,807 10,186 10,570 10,959 6,939 7,230 7,526 7,826 8,131 213.915 215.146 216.351 217.534 218.694 8,723 9,014 9,306 9,597 9,889 6,229 6,437 6,645 6,854 7,062 197.723 198.678 199.603 200.500 201.371 9,966 10,302 10,639 10,976 11,314 7,472 7,725 7,978 8,232 8,487 188.928 190.030 191.098 192.136 193.144 8,736 9,030 9,325 9,620 9,916 6,242 6,453 6,664 6,877 7,090 205.213 206.177 207.112 208.020 208.904 8,723 9,014 9,306 9,597 9,888 6,229 6,437 6,645 6,853 7,061 191.682 192.638 193.562 194.459 195.328 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 11,351 11,748 12,148 12,552 12,960 8,439 8,752 9,068 9,392 9,718 219.831 220.948 222.044 223.122 224.182 10,181 10,473 10,765 11,058 11,351 7,271 7,480 7,689 7,899 8,108 202.217 203.040 203.842 204.622 205.383 11,652 11,992 12,331 12,672 13,014 8,742 8,998 9,255 9,513 9,771 194.125 195.081 196.012 196.920 197.807 10,213 10,511 10,809 11,109 11,409 7,303 7,518 7,733 7,949 8,166 209.765 210.604 211.423 212.222 213.002 10,180 10,471 10,763 11,055 11,347 7,270 7,478 7,687 7,895 8,104 196.173 196.995 197.794 198.572 199.331 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 13,372 13,787 14,206 14,628 15,054 10,046 10,378 10,714 11,053 11,393 225.225 226.250 227.258 228.252 229.230 11,644 11,938 12,232 12,526 12,821 8,319 8,529 8,740 8,951 9,163 206.125 206.850 207.549 208.252 208.929 13,356 13,699 14,043 14,388 14,734 10,030 10,290 10,551 10,813 11,075 198.673 199.521 200.350 201.160 201.955 11,711 12,012 12,314 12,618 12,923 8,384 8,603 8,822 9,043 9,264 213.765 214.510 215.241 215.955 216.656 11,640 11,932 12,225 12,518 12,811 8,314 8,523 8,733 8,943 9,153 200.071 200.794 201.499 202.189 202.863 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 15,483 15,916 16,351 16,791 17,232 11,742 12,091 12,444 12,800 13,158 230.194 231.144 232.080 233.004 233.916 13,116 13,412 13,708 14,005 14,302 9,375 9,587 9,800 10,014 10,228 209.593 210.243 210.880 211.504 212.117 15,080 15,428 15,777 16,126 16,477 11,339 11,603 11,869 12,135 12,403 202.734 203.497 204.247 204.982 205.705 13,228 13,535 13,842 14,151 14,460 9,487 9,710 9,935 10,160 10,386 217.342 218.016 218.676 219.326 219.963 13,105 13,399 13,693 13,988 14,285 9,363 9,574 9,786 9,997 10,210 203.523 204.170 204.803 205.424 206.033 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 17,678 18,126 18,576 19,029 19,485 13,521 13,885 14,253 14,622 14,996 234.814 235.700 236.575 237.439 238.292 14,600 14,898 15,197 15,497 15,797 10,443 10,658 10,874 11,090 11,307 212.719 213.310 213.890 214.460 215.020 16,828 17,181 17,534 17,889 18,245 12,671 12,940 13,211 13,482 13,755 206.413 207.112 207.799 208.475 209.139 14,770 15,082 15,395 15,708 16,022 10,614 10,842 11,071 11,301 11,533 220.589 221.206 221.812 222.409 222.997 14,581 14,876 15,172 15,469 15,766 10,423 10,635 10,848 11,062 11,277 206.630 207.216 207.792 208.358 208.914 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 19,945 20,407 20,870 21,337 21,807 15,372 15,751 16,131 16,515 16,902 239.135 239.962 240.789 241.602 242.405 16,097 16,399 16,701 17,003 17,307 11,524 11,743 11,961 12,181 12,401 215.572 216.115 216.649 217.175 217.693 18,601 18,959 19,318 19,678 20,039 14,028 14,303 14,579 14,856 15,134 209.795 210.440 211.075 211.702 212.320 16,338 16,654 16,971 17,290 17,609 11,765 11,998 12,232 12,467 12,703 223.576 224.146 224.708 225.262 225.808 16,064 16,363 16,662 16,962 17,262 11,492 11,707 11,923 12,139 12,356 209.461 209.999 210.528 211.049 211.562 550 560 570 580 590 Table A-23 T(K) Table A-23 930 TABLE A-23 (Continued) T(K) _ _ _ h and u in kJ/kmol. s8 in kJ/kmol ? K _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2393,520 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 2110,530 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2241,820 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T(K) 600 610 620 630 640 22,280 22,754 23,231 23,709 24,190 17,291 17,683 18,076 18,471 18,869 243.199 243.983 244.758 245.524 246.282 17,611 17,915 18,221 18,527 18,833 12,622 12,843 13,066 13,289 13,512 218.204 218.708 219.205 219.695 220.179 20,402 20,765 21,130 21,495 21,862 15,413 15,693 15,975 16,257 16,541 212.920 213.529 214.122 214.707 215.285 17,929 18,250 18,572 18,895 19,219 12,940 13,178 13,417 13,657 13,898 226.346 226.877 227.400 227.918 228.429 17,563 17,864 18,166 18,468 18,772 12,574 12,792 13,011 13,230 13,450 212.066 212.564 213.055 213.541 214.018 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 24,674 25,160 25,648 26,138 26,631 19,270 19,672 20,078 20,484 20,894 247.032 247.773 248.507 249.233 249.952 19,141 19,449 19,758 20,068 20,378 13,736 13,962 14,187 14,414 14,641 220.656 221.127 221.592 222.052 222.505 22,230 22,600 22,970 23,342 23,714 16,826 17,112 17,399 17,688 17,978 215.856 216.419 216.976 217.527 218.071 19,544 19,870 20,197 20,524 20,854 14,140 14,383 14,626 14,871 15,116 228.932 229.430 229.920 230.405 230.885 19,075 19,380 19,685 19,991 20,297 13,671 13,892 14,114 14,337 14,560 214.489 214.954 215.413 215.866 216.314 650 660 670 680 690 700 710 720 730 740 27,125 27,622 28,121 28,622 29,124 21,305 21,719 22,134 22,552 22,972 250.663 251.368 252.065 252.755 253.439 20,690 21,002 21,315 21,628 21,943 14,870 15,099 15,328 15,558 15,789 222.953 223.396 223.833 224.265 224.692 24,088 24,464 24,840 25,218 25,597 18,268 18,561 18,854 19,148 19,444 218.610 219.142 219.668 220.189 220.707 21,184 21,514 21,845 22,177 22,510 15,364 15,611 15,859 16,107 16,357 231.358 231.827 232.291 232.748 233.201 20,604 20,912 21,220 21,529 21,839 14,784 15,008 15,234 15,460 15,686 216.756 217.192 217.624 218.059 218.472 700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 29,629 30,135 30,644 31,154 31,665 23,393 23,817 24,242 24,669 25,097 254.117 254.787 255.452 256.110 256.762 22,258 22,573 22,890 23,208 23,526 16,022 16,255 16,488 16,723 16,957 225.115 225.533 225.947 226.357 226.762 25,977 26,358 26,741 27,125 27,510 19,741 20,039 20,339 20,639 20,941 221.215 221.720 222.221 222.717 223.207 22,844 23,178 23,513 23,850 24,186 16,607 16,859 17,111 17,364 17,618 233.649 234.091 234.528 234.960 235.387 22,149 22,460 22,772 23,085 23,398 15,913 16,141 16,370 16,599 16,830 218.889 219.301 219.709 220.113 220.512 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 32,179 32,694 33,212 33,730 34,251 25,527 25,959 26,394 26,829 27,267 257.408 258.048 258.682 259.311 259.934 23,844 24,164 24,483 24,803 25,124 17,193 17,429 17,665 17,902 18,140 227.162 227.559 227.952 228.339 228.724 27,896 28,284 28,672 29,062 29,454 21,245 21,549 21,855 22,162 22,470 223.693 224.174 224.651 225.123 225.592 24,523 24,861 25,199 25,537 25,877 17,872 18,126 18,382 18,637 18,893 235.810 236.230 236.644 237.055 237.462 23,714 24,027 24,342 24,658 24,974 17,061 17,292 17,524 17,757 17,990 220.907 221.298 221.684 222.067 222.447 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890 34,773 35,296 35,821 36,347 36,876 27,706 28,125 28,588 29,031 29,476 260.551 261.164 261.770 262.371 262.968 25,446 25,768 26,091 26,415 26,740 18,379 18,617 18,858 19,099 19,341 229.106 229.482 229.856 230.227 230.593 29,846 30,240 30,635 31,032 31,429 22,779 23,090 23,402 23,715 24,029 226.057 226.517 226.973 227.426 227.875 26,218 26,559 26,899 27,242 27,584 19,150 19,408 19,666 19,925 20,185 237.864 238.264 238.660 239.051 239.439 25,292 25,610 25,928 26,248 26,568 18,224 18,459 18,695 18,931 19,168 222.822 223.194 223.562 223.927 224.288 850 860 870 880 890 900 910 920 930 940 37,405 37,935 38,467 39,000 39,535 29,922 30,369 30,818 31,268 31,719 263.559 264.146 264.728 265.304 265.877 27,066 27,392 27,719 28,046 28,375 19,583 19,826 20,070 20,314 20,559 230.957 231.317 231.674 232.028 232.379 31,828 32,228 32,629 33,032 33,436 24,345 24,662 24,980 25,300 25,621 228.321 228.763 229.202 229.637 230.070 27,928 28,272 28,616 28,960 29,306 20,445 20,706 20,967 21,228 21,491 239.823 240.203 240.580 240.953 241.323 26,890 27,210 27,532 27,854 28,178 19,407 19,644 19,883 20,122 20,362 224.647 225.002 225.353 225.701 226.047 900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 990 40,070 40,607 41,145 41,685 42,226 32,171 32,625 33,081 33,537 33,995 266.444 267.007 267.566 268.119 268.670 28,703 29,033 29,362 29,693 30,024 20,805 21,051 21,298 21,545 21,793 232.727 233.072 233.413 233.752 234.088 33,841 34,247 34,653 35,061 35,472 25,943 26,265 26,588 26,913 27,240 230.499 230.924 231.347 231.767 232.184 29,652 29,999 30,345 30,692 31,041 21,754 22,017 22,280 22,544 22,809 241.689 242.052 242.411 242.768 243.120 28,501 28,826 29,151 29,476 29,803 20,603 20,844 21,086 21,328 21,571 226.389 226.728 227.064 227.398 227.728 950 960 970 980 990 TABLE A-23 (Continued) T(K) _ _ _ h and u in kJ/kmol. s8 in kJ/kmol ? K _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2393,520 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 2110,530 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2241,820 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T(K) 931 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 42,769 43,859 44,953 46,051 47,153 34,455 35,378 36,306 37,238 38,174 269.215 270.293 271.354 272.400 273.430 30,355 31,020 31,688 32,357 33,029 22,041 22,540 23,041 23,544 24,049 234.421 235.079 235.728 236.364 236.992 35,882 36,709 37,542 38,380 39,223 27,568 28,228 28,895 29,567 30,243 232.597 233.415 234.223 235.020 235.806 31,389 32,088 32,789 33,490 34,194 23,075 23,607 24,142 24,677 25,214 243.471 244.164 244.844 245.513 246.171 30,129 30,784 31,442 32,101 32,762 21,815 22,304 22,795 23,288 23,782 228.057 228.706 229.344 229.973 230.591 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 48,258 49,369 50,484 51,602 52,724 39,112 40,057 41,006 41,957 42,913 274.445 275.444 276.430 277.403 278.362 33,702 34,377 35,054 35,733 36,406 24,557 25,065 25,575 26,088 26,602 237.609 238.217 238.817 239.407 239.989 40,071 40,923 41,780 42,642 43,509 30,925 31,611 32,301 32,997 33,698 236.584 237.352 238.110 238.859 239.600 34,899 35,606 36,314 37,023 37,734 25,753 26,294 26,836 27,379 27,923 246.818 247.454 248.081 248.698 249.307 33,426 34,092 34,760 35,430 36,104 24,280 24,780 25,282 25,786 26,291 231.199 231.799 232.391 232.973 233.549 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 53,848 54,977 56,108 57,244 58,381 43,871 44,834 45,799 46,768 47,739 279.307 280.238 281.158 282.066 282.962 37,095 37,780 38,466 39,154 39,884 27,118 27,637 28,426 28,678 29,201 240.663 241.128 241.686 242.236 242.780 44,380 45,256 46,137 47,022 47,912 34,403 35,112 35,827 36,546 37,270 240.333 241.057 241.773 242.482 243.183 38,447 39,162 39,877 40,594 41,312 28,469 29,018 29,568 30,118 30,670 249.906 250.497 251.079 251.653 252.219 36,777 37,452 38,129 38,807 39,488 26,799 27,308 27,819 28,331 28,845 234.115 234.673 235.223 235.766 236.302 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 59,522 60,666 61,813 62,963 64,116 48,713 49,691 50,672 51,656 52,643 283.847 284.722 285.586 286.439 287.283 40,534 41,266 41,919 42,613 43,309 29,725 30,251 30,778 31,306 31,836 243.316 243.844 244.366 244.880 245.388 48,807 49,707 50,612 51,521 52,434 38,000 38,732 39,470 40,213 40,960 243.877 244.564 245.243 245.915 246.582 42,033 42,753 43,475 44,198 44,923 31,224 31,778 32,334 32,891 33,449 252.776 253.325 253.868 254.404 254.932 40,170 40,853 41,539 42,227 42,915 29,361 29,878 30,398 30,919 31,441 236.831 237.353 237.867 238.376 238.878 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 65,271 66,427 67,586 68,748 69,911 53,631 54,621 55,614 56,609 57,606 288.106 288.934 289.743 290.542 291.333 44,007 44,707 45,408 46,110 46,813 32,367 32,900 33,434 33,971 34,508 245.889 246.385 246.876 247.360 247.839 53,351 54,273 55,198 56,128 57,062 41,711 42,466 43,226 43,989 44,756 247.241 247.895 248.543 249.185 249.820 45,648 46,374 47,102 47,831 48,561 34,008 34,567 35,129 35,692 36,256 255.454 255.968 256.475 256.978 257.474 43,605 44,295 44,988 45,682 46,377 31,964 32,489 33,014 33,543 34,071 239.375 239.865 240.350 240.827 241.301 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 71,078 72,246 73,417 74,590 76,767 58,606 59,609 60,613 61,620 62,630 292.114 292.888 292.654 294.411 295.161 47,517 48,222 48,928 49,635 50,344 35,046 35,584 36,124 36,665 37,207 248.312 248.778 249.240 249.695 250.147 57,999 58,942 59,888 60,838 61,792 45,528 46,304 47,084 47,868 48,655 250.450 251.074 251.693 252.305 252.912 49,292 50,024 50,756 51,490 52,224 36,821 37,387 37,952 38,520 39,088 257.965 258.450 258.928 259.402 259.870 47,073 47,771 48,470 49,168 49,869 34,601 35,133 35,665 36,197 36,732 241.768 242.228 242.685 243.137 243.585 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 76,944 78,123 79,303 80,486 81,670 63,741 64,653 65,668 66,592 67,702 295.901 296.632 297.356 298.072 298.781 51,053 51,763 52,472 53,184 53,895 37,750 38,293 38,837 39,382 39,927 250.592 251.033 251.470 251.901 252.329 62,748 63,709 64,675 65,643 66,614 49,445 52,240 51,039 51,841 52,646 253.513 254.111 254.703 255.290 255.873 52,961 53,696 54,434 55,172 55,912 39,658 40,227 40,799 41,370 41,944 260.333 260.791 261.242 261.690 262.132 50,571 51,275 51,980 52,686 53,393 37,268 37,806 38,344 38,884 39,424 244.028 244.464 244.896 245.324 245.747 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1700 1720 1740 82,856 84,043 85,231 68,721 69,742 70,764 299.482 300.177 300.863 54,609 55,323 56,039 40,474 41,023 41,572 252.751 253.169 253.582 67,589 68,567 69,550 53,455 54,267 55,083 256.450 257.022 257.589 56,652 57,394 58,136 42,517 43,093 43,669 262.571 263.005 263.435 54,099 54,807 55,516 39,965 40,507 41,049 246.166 246.580 246.990 1700 1720 1740 Table A-23 Table A-23 932 TABLE A-23 (Continued) T(K) _ _ _ h and u in kJ/kmol. s8 in kJ/kmol ? K _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2393,520 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 2110,530 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2241,820 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 kJ/kmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T(K) 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 86,420 87,612 88,806 90,000 91,196 71,787 72,812 73,840 74,868 75,897 301.543 302.271 302.884 303.544 304.198 56,756 57,473 58,191 58,910 59,629 42,123 42,673 43,225 43,778 44,331 253.991 254.398 254.797 255.194 255.587 70,535 71,523 72,513 73,507 74,506 55,902 56,723 57,547 58,375 59,207 258.151 258.708 259.262 259.811 260.357 58,800 59,624 60,371 61,118 61,866 44,247 44,825 45,405 45,986 46,568 263.861 264.283 264.701 265.113 265.521 56,227 56,938 57,651 58,363 59,075 41,594 42,139 42,685 43,231 43,777 247.396 247.798 248.195 248.589 248.979 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 92,394 93,593 94,793 95,995 97,197 76,929 77,962 78,996 80,031 81,067 304.845 305.487 306.122 306.751 307.374 60,351 61,072 61,794 62,516 63,238 44,886 45,441 45,997 46,552 47,108 255.976 256.361 256.743 257.122 257.497 75,506 76,511 77,517 78,527 79,540 60,042 60,880 61,720 62,564 63,411 260.898 261.436 261.969 262.497 263.022 62,616 63,365 64,116 64,868 65,620 47,151 47,734 48,319 48,904 49,490 265.925 266.326 266.722 267.115 267.505 59,790 60,504 61,220 61,936 62,654 44,324 44,873 45,423 45,973 46,524 249.365 249.748 250.128 250.502 250.874 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 98,401 99,606 100,804 103,835 106,864 82,105 83,144 84,185 86,791 89,404 307.992 308.604 309.210 310.701 312.160 63,961 64,684 65,408 67,224 69,044 47,665 48,221 48,780 50,179 51,584 257.868 258.236 258.600 259.494 260.370 80,555 81,573 82,593 85,156 87,735 64,259 65,111 65,965 68,111 70,275 263.542 264.059 264.571 265.838 267.081 66,374 67,127 67,881 69,772 71,668 50,078 50,665 51,253 52,727 54,208 267.891 268.275 268.655 269.588 270.504 63,381 64,090 64,810 66,612 68,417 47,075 47,627 48,181 49,567 50,957 251.242 251.607 251.969 252.858 253.726 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 109,898 112,939 115,984 119,035 122,091 92,023 94,648 97,277 99,912 102,552 313.589 314.988 316.356 317.695 319.011 70,864 72,688 74,516 76,345 78,178 52,988 54,396 55,809 57,222 58,640 261.226 262.065 262.887 263.692 264.480 90,330 92,940 95,562 98,199 100,846 72,454 74,649 76,855 79,076 81,308 268.301 269.500 270.679 271.839 272.978 73,573 75,484 77,397 79,316 81,243 55,697 57,192 58,690 60,193 61,704 271.399 272.278 273.136 273.981 274.809 70,226 72,040 73,856 75,676 77,496 52,351 53,749 55,149 56,553 57,958 254.578 255.412 256.227 257.027 257.810 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 125,152 128,219 131,290 134,368 137,449 105,197 107,849 110,504 113,166 115,832 320.302 321.566 322.808 324.026 325.222 80,015 81,852 83,692 85,537 87,383 60,060 61,482 62,906 64,335 65,766 265.253 266.012 266.755 267.485 268.202 103,508 106,183 108,868 111,565 114,273 83,553 85,811 88,082 90,364 92,656 274.098 275.201 276.286 277.354 278.407 83,174 85,112 87,057 89,004 90,956 63,219 64,742 66,271 67,802 69,339 275.625 276.424 277.207 277.979 278.738 79,320 81,149 82,981 84,814 86,650 59,366 60,779 62,195 63,613 65,033 258.580 259.332 260.073 260.799 261.512 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 140,533 143,620 146,713 149,808 152,908 118,500 121,172 123,849 126,528 129,212 326.396 327.549 328.684 329.800 330.896 89,230 91,077 92,930 94,784 96,639 67,197 68,628 70,066 71,504 72,945 268.905 269.596 270.285 270.943 271.602 116,991 119,717 122,453 125,198 127,952 94,958 97,269 99,588 101,917 104,256 279.441 280.462 281.464 282.453 283.429 92,916 94,881 96,852 98,826 100,808 70,883 72,433 73,987 75,546 77,112 279.485 280.219 280.942 281.654 282.357 88,488 90,328 92,171 94,014 95,859 66,455 67,880 69,306 70,734 72,163 262.213 262.902 263.577 264.241 264.895 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 156,009 159,117 162,226 165,341 168,456 131,898 134,589 137,283 139,982 142,681 331.975 333.037 334.084 335.114 336.126 98,495 100,352 102,210 104,073 105,939 74,383 75,825 77,267 78,715 80,164 272.249 272.884 273.508 274.123 274.730 130,717 133,486 136,264 139,051 141,846 106,605 108,959 111,321 113,692 116,072 284.390 285.338 286.273 287.194 288.102 102,793 104,785 106,780 108,778 110,784 78,682 80,258 81,837 83,419 85,009 283.048 283.728 284.399 285.060 285.713 97,705 99,556 101,407 103,260 105,115 73,593 75,028 76,464 77,902 79,341 265.538 266.170 266.793 267.404 268.007 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 3150 3200 3250 171,576 174,695 177,822 145,385 148,089 150,801 337.124 338.109 339.069 107,802 109,667 111,534 81,612 83,061 84,513 275.326 275.914 276.494 144,648 147,457 150,272 118,458 120,851 123,250 288.999 289.884 290.756 112,795 114,809 116,827 86,601 88,203 89,804 286.355 286.989 287.614 106,972 108,830 110,690 80,782 82,224 83,668 268.601 269.186 269.763 3150 3200 3250 Source: Table A-23 is based on the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971. 933 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-24 Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State 1. van der Waals and Redlich–Kwong: Constants for pressure in bar, specific volume in m3/kmol, and temperature in K Substance Air Butane (C4H10) Carbon dioxide (CO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Methane (CH4 ) Nitrogen (N2 ) Oxygen (O2 ) Propane (C3H8) Refrigerant 12 Sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) Water (H2O) Redlich–Kwong b m3 kmol a m3 2 1/2 bar Q R K kmol b m3 kmol 1.368 13.86 3.647 0.0367 0.1162 0.0428 15.989 289.55 64.43 0.02541 0.08060 0.02963 1.474 2.293 1.366 0.0395 0.0428 0.0386 17.22 32.11 15.53 0.02737 0.02965 0.02677 1.369 9.349 10.49 0.0317 0.0901 0.0971 17.22 182.23 208.59 0.02197 0.06242 0.06731 6.883 5.531 0.0569 0.0305 144.80 142.59 0.03945 0.02111 Source: Calculated from critical data. 2. Benedict–Webb–Rubin: Constants for pressure in bar, specific volume in m3/kmol, and temperature in K Substance a A b B c C a 5 6 g 23 C4H10 CO2 CO 1.9073 0.1386 0.0371 10.218 2.7737 1.3590 0.039998 0.007210 0.002632 0.12436 0.04991 0.05454 3.206 3 10 1.512 3 104 1.054 3 103 1.006 3 10 1.404 3 105 8.676 3 103 1.101 3 10 8.47 3 1025 1.350 3 1024 0.0340 0.00539 0.0060 CH4 N2 0.0501 0.0254 1.8796 1.0676 0.003380 0.002328 0.04260 0.04074 2.579 3 103 7.381 3 102 2.287 3 104 8.166 3 103 1.244 3 1024 1.272 3 1024 0.0060 0.0053 Source: H. W. Cooper and J. C. Goldfrank, Hydrocarbon Processing, 46 (12): 141 (1967). Table A-24 van der Waals a m3 2 bar Q R kmol 934 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-25 Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 298K and 1 atm Table A-25 Heating Values Molar Mass, M (kg/kmol) Substance Formula Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen C(s) H2(g) N2(g) O2(g) 12.01 2.016 28.01 32.00 Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water Water CO(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O(l) Hydrogen peroxide Ammonia Oxygen Hydrogen Enthalpy of_ Formation, h8f (kJ/kmol) Gibbs Function of Formation, _ g8f (kJ/kmol) Absolute _ Entropy, s8 (kJ/kmol ? K) Higher, HHV (kJ/kg) Lower, LHV (kJ/kg) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.74 130.57 191.50 205.03 32,770 141,780 — — 32,770 119,950 — — 28.01 44.01 18.02 18.02 2110,530 2393,520 2241,820 2285,830 2137,150 2394,380 2228,590 2237,180 197.54 213.69 188.72 69.95 — — — — — — — — H2O2(g) NH3(g) O(g) H(g) 34.02 17.03 16.00 1.008 2136,310 246,190 249,170 218,000 2105,600 216,590 231,770 203,290 232.63 192.33 160.95 114.61 — — — — — — — — Nitrogen Hydroxyl Methane Acetylene N(g) OH(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) 14.01 17.01 16.04 26.04 472,680 39,460 274,850 226,730 455,510 34,280 250,790 209,170 153.19 183.75 186.16 200.85 — — 55,510 49,910 — — 50,020 48,220 Ethylene Ethane Propylene Propane C2H4(g) C2H6(g) C3H6(g) C3H8(g) 28.05 30.07 42.08 44.09 52,280 284,680 20,410 2103,850 68,120 232,890 62,720 223,490 219.83 229.49 266.94 269.91 50,300 51,870 48,920 50,350 47,160 47,480 45,780 46,360 Butane Pentane Octane Octane Benzene C4H10(g) C5H12(g) C8H18(g) C8H18(l) C6H6(g) 58.12 72.15 114.22 114.22 78.11 2126,150 2146,440 2208,450 2249,910 82,930 215,710 28,200 17,320 6,610 129,660 310.03 348.40 463.67 360.79 269.20 49,500 49,010 48,260 47,900 42,270 45,720 45,350 44,790 44,430 40,580 Methanol Methanol Ethanol Ethanol CH3OH(g) CH3OH(l) C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH(l) 32.04 32.04 46.07 46.07 2200,890 2238,810 2235,310 2277,690 2162,140 2166,290 2168,570 2174,890 239.70 126.80 282.59 160.70 23,850 22,670 30,590 29,670 21,110 19,920 27,720 26,800 Source: Based on JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971; Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Tech. Note 270-3, 1968; and API Research Project 44, Carnegie Press, 1953. Heating values calculated. Tables in SI Units 935 TABLE A-26 Formula Model Ia Model IIb Nitrogen Oxygen Carbon dioxide Water Water N2(g) O2(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O(l) 640 3,950 14,175 8,635 45 720 3,970 19,870 9,500 900 Carbon (graphite) Hydrogen Sulfur Carbon monoxide Sulfur dioxide C(s) H2(g) S(s) CO(g) SO2(g) 404,590 235,250 598,160 269,410 301,940 410,260 236,100 609,600 275,100 313,400 Nitrogen monoxide Nitrogen dioxide Hydrogen sulfide Ammonia Methane Acetylene Ethylene Ethane NO(g) NO2(g) H2S(g) NH3(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) C2H4(g) C2H6(g) 88,850 55,565 799,890 336,685 824,350 — — 1,482,035 88,900 55,600 812,000 337,900 831,650 1,265,800 1,361,100 1,495,840 Propylene Propane Butane Pentane Benzene Octane C3H6(g) C3H8(g) C4H10(g) C5H12(g) C6H6(g) C8H18(I) — — — — — — 2,003,900 2,154,000 2,805,800 3,463,300 3,303,600 5,413,100 Methanol Methanol Ethanol Ethanol CH3OH(g) CH3OH(l) C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH(l) 715,070 710,745 1,348,330 1,342,085 722,300 718,000 1,363,900 1,357,700 Substance a J. Ahrendts, “Die Exergie Chemisch Reaktionsfähiger Systeme,’’ VDI-Forschungsheft, VDI-Verlag, Dusseldorf, 579, 1977. Also see “Reference States,’’ Energy—The International Journal, 5: 667–677, 1980. In Model I, p0 5 1.019 atm. This model attempts to impose a criterion that the reference environment be in equilibrium. The reference substances are determined assuming restricted chemical equilibrium for nitric acid and nitrates and unrestricted thermodynamic equilibrium for all other chemical components of the atmosphere, the oceans, and a portion of the Earth’s crust. The chemical composition of the gas phase of this model approximates the composition of the natural atmosphere. b J. Szargut, D. R. Morris, and F. R. Steward, Exergy Analysis of Thermal, Chemical, and Metallurgical Processes, Hemisphere, New York, 1988. In Model II, p0 5 1.0 atm. In developing this model a reference substance is selected for each chemical element from among substances that contain the element being considered and that are abundantly present in the natural environment, even though the substances are not in completely mutual stable equilibrium. An underlying rationale for this approach is that substances found abundantly in nature have little economic value. On an overall basis, the chemical composition of the exergy reference environment of Model II is closer than Model I to the composition of the natural environment, but the equilibrium criterion is not always satisfied. Table A-26 Standard Molar Chemical Exergy, ech (kJ/kmol), of Selected Substances at 298 K and p0 936 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-27 Logarithms to the Base 10 of the Equilibrium Constant K Table A-27 log10 K 1 2 O2 1 2N2 1 w x NO H2O w x H2 1 12O2 H 2O w x OH 1 12H2 CO2 w x CO 1 12O2 CO2 1 H2 w x CO 1 H2O Temp. 8R Temp. K H2 w x 2H O2 w x 2O N2 w x 2N 298 500 1000 1200 1400 271.224 240.316 217.292 213.414 210.630 281.208 245.880 219.614 215.208 212.054 2159.600 292.672 243.056 234.754 228.812 215.171 28.783 24.062 23.275 22.712 240.048 222.886 210.062 27.899 26.347 246.054 226.130 211.280 28.811 27.021 245.066 225.025 210.221 27.764 26.014 25.018 22.139 20.159 10.135 10.333 537 900 1800 2160 2520 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 28.532 27.666 26.896 26.204 25.580 29.684 28.706 27.836 27.058 26.356 224.350 222.512 220.874 219.410 218.092 22.290 22.116 21.962 21.823 21.699 25.180 24.699 24.270 23.886 23.540 25.677 25.124 24.613 24.190 23.776 24.706 24.169 23.693 23.267 22.884 10.474 10.530 10.577 10.619 10.656 2880 3060 3240 3420 3600 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 25.016 24.502 24.032 23.600 23.202 25.720 25.142 24.614 24.130 23.684 216.898 215.810 214.818 213.908 213.070 21.586 21.484 21.391 21.305 21.227 23.227 22.942 22.682 22.443 22.224 23.434 23.091 22.809 22.520 22.270 22.539 22.226 21.940 21.679 21.440 10.688 10.716 10.742 10.764 10.784 3780 3960 4140 4320 4500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 22.836 22.494 22.178 21.882 21.606 23.272 22.892 22.536 22.206 21.898 212.298 211.580 210.914 210.294 29.716 21.154 21.087 21.025 20.967 20.913 22.021 21.833 21.658 21.495 21.343 22.038 21.823 21.624 21.438 21.265 21.219 21.015 20.825 20.649 20.485 10.802 10.818 10.833 10.846 10.858 4680 4860 5040 5220 5400 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 21.348 21.106 20.878 20.664 20.462 21.610 21.340 21.086 20.846 20.620 29.174 28.664 28.186 27.736 27.312 20.863 20.815 20.771 20.729 20.690 21.201 21.067 20.942 20.824 20.712 21.103 20.951 20.809 20.674 20.547 20.332 20.189 20.054 10.071 10.190 10.869 10.878 10.888 10.895 10.902 5580 5760 5940 6120 6300 Source: Based on data from the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971. Index to Tables in English Units Table A-1E Table A-2E Table A-3E Table A-4E Table A-5E Table A-6E Table A-7E Table A-8E Table A-9E Table A-10E Table A-11E Table A-12E Table A-13E Table A-14E Table A-15E Table A-16E Table A-17E Table A-18E Table A-19E Table A-20E Table A-21E Table A-22E Table A-23E Table A-24E Table A-25E Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 939 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 941 Properties of Superheated Water Vapor 943 Properties of Compressed Liquid Water 949 Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table 950 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 951 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 952 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor 953 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 957 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 958 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor 959 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 962 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 963 Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor 964 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table 968 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table 969 Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor 970 Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, r, and k 974 Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases 975 _ Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases 976 Ideal Gas Properties of Air 977 Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases 979 Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State 983 Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 5378R and 1 atm. 984 938 937 938 Tables in English Units TABLE A-1E Table A-1E Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Some Selected Elements and Compounds p cy c RTc Substance Chemical Formula Acetylene Air (equivalent) Ammonia C2H2 — NH3 26.04 28.97 17.03 556 239 730 62 37.2 111.3 0.274 0.284 0.242 Argon Benzene Butane Ar C6H6 C4H10 39.94 78.11 58.12 272 1013 765 47.97 48.7 37.5 0.290 0.274 0.274 Carbon Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide C CO2 CO 12.01 44.01 28.01 — 548 239 — 72.9 34.5 — 0.276 0.294 Copper Ethane Ethanol Cu C2H6 C2H5OH 63.54 30.07 46.07 — 549 929 — 48.2 63.0 — 0.285 0.249 Ethylene Helium Hydrogen C2H4 He H2 28.05 4.003 2.016 510 9.33 59.8 50.5 2.26 12.8 0.270 0.300 0.304 Methane Methanol Nitrogen CH4 CH3OH N2 16.04 32.04 28.01 344 924 227 45.8 78.5 33.5 0.290 0.220 0.291 Octane Oxygen Propane C8H18 O2 C3H8 114.22 32.00 44.09 1025 278 666 24.6 49.8 42.1 0.258 0.290 0.276 Propylene Refrigerant 12 Refrigerant 22 C3H6 CCl2F2 CHClF2 42.08 120.92 86.48 657 693 665 45.6 40.6 49.1 0.276 0.278 0.267 Refrigerant 134a Sulfur dioxide Water CF3CH2F SO2 H2O 102.03 64.06 18.02 673 775 1165 40.2 77.7 218.0 0.260 0.268 0.233 M (lb/lbmol) Tc (8R) pc (atm) Zc 5 Sources: Adapted from International Critical Tables and L. C. Nelson and E. F. Obert, Generalized Compressibility Charts, Chem. Eng., 617: 203 (1954). Tables in English Units 939 TABLE A.2E Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Temp. 8F Press. lbf/in.2 Sat. Liquid vf 32 35 40 45 50 0.0886 0.0999 0.1217 0.1475 0.1780 0.01602 0.01602 0.01602 0.01602 0.01602 52 54 56 58 60 0.1917 0.2064 0.2219 0.2386 0.2563 62 64 66 68 70 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf 3305 2948 2445 2037 1704 2.01 2.99 8.02 13.04 18.06 1021.2 1022.2 1023.9 1025.5 1027.2 0.01603 0.01603 0.01603 0.01603 0.01604 1589 1482 1383 1292 1207 20.06 22.07 24.08 26.08 28.08 0.2751 0.2952 0.3165 0.3391 0.3632 0.01604 0.01604 0.01604 0.01605 0.01605 1129 1056 988.4 925.8 867.7 72 74 76 78 80 0.3887 0.4158 0.4446 0.4750 0.5073 0.01606 0.01606 0.01606 0.01607 0.01607 82 84 86 88 90 0.5414 0.5776 0.6158 0.6562 0.6988 92 94 96 98 100 Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 2.01 3.00 8.02 13.04 18.06 1075.4 1073.7 1070.9 1068.1 1065.2 1075.4 1076.7 1078.9 1081.1 1083.3 2.00003 0.00607 0.01617 0.02618 0.03607 2.1870 2.1764 2.1592 2.1423 2.1259 32 35 40 45 50 1027.8 1028.5 1029.1 1029.8 1030.4 20.07 22.07 24.08 26.08 28.08 1064.1 1063.0 1061.9 1060.7 1059.6 1084.2 1085.1 1085.9 1086.8 1087.7 0.04000 0.04391 0.04781 0.05159 0.05555 2.1195 2.1131 2.1068 2.1005 2.0943 52 54 56 58 60 30.09 32.09 34.09 36.09 38.09 1031.1 1031.8 1032.4 1033.1 1033.7 30.09 32.09 34.09 36.09 38.09 1058.5 1057.3 1056.2 1055.1 1054.0 1088.6 1089.4 1090.3 1091.2 1092.0 0.05940 0.06323 0.06704 0.07084 0.07463 2.0882 2.0821 2.0761 2.0701 2.0642 62 64 66 68 70 813.7 763.5 716.8 673.3 632.8 40.09 42.09 44.09 46.09 48.08 1034.4 1035.0 1035.7 1036.3 1037.0 40.09 42.09 44.09 46.09 48.09 1052.8 1051.7 1050.6 1049.4 1048.3 1092.9 1093.8 1094.7 1095.5 1096.4 0.07839 0.08215 0.08589 0.08961 0.09332 2.0584 2.0526 2.0469 2.0412 2.0356 72 74 76 78 80 0.01608 0.01608 0.01609 0.01609 0.01610 595.0 559.8 527.0 496.3 467.7 50.08 52.08 54.08 56.07 58.07 1037.6 1038.3 1038.9 1039.6 1040.2 50.08 52.08 54.08 56.07 58.07 1047.2 1046.0 1044.9 1043.8 1042.7 1097.3 1098.1 1099.0 1099.9 1100.7 0.09701 0.1007 0.1044 0.1080 0.1117 2.0300 2.0245 2.0190 2.0136 2.0083 82 84 86 88 90 0.7439 0.7914 0.8416 0.8945 0.9503 0.01611 0.01611 0.01612 0.01612 0.01613 440.9 415.9 392.4 370.5 350.0 60.06 62.06 64.05 66.05 68.04 1040.9 1041.5 1041.2 1042.8 1043.5 60.06 62.06 64.06 66.05 68.05 1041.5 1040.4 1039.2 1038.1 1037.0 1101.6 1102.4 1103.3 1104.2 1105.0 0.1153 0.1189 0.1225 0.1261 0.1296 2.0030 1.9977 1.9925 1.9874 1.9822 92 94 96 98 100 110 120 130 140 150 1.276 1.695 2.225 2.892 3.722 0.01617 0.01621 0.01625 0.01629 0.01634 265.1 203.0 157.2 122.9 97.0 78.02 87.99 97.97 107.95 117.95 1046.7 1049.9 1053.0 1056.2 1059.3 78.02 88.00 97.98 107.96 117.96 1031.3 1025.5 1019.8 1014.0 1008.1 1109.3 1113.5 1117.8 1121.9 1126.1 0.1473 0.1647 0.1817 0.1985 0.2150 1.9574 1.9336 1.9109 1.8892 1.8684 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 4.745 5.996 7.515 9.343 11.529 0.01640 0.01645 0.01651 0.01657 0.01663 77.2 62.0 50.2 41.0 33.6 127.94 137.95 147.97 158.00 168.04 1062.3 1065.4 1068.3 1071.3 1074.2 127.96 137.97 147.99 158.03 168.07 1002.2 996.2 990.2 984.1 977.9 1130.1 1134.2 1138.2 1142.1 1145.9 0.2313 0.2473 0.2631 0.2787 0.2940 1.8484 1.8293 1.8109 1.7932 1.7762 160 170 180 190 200 H2O Specific Volume ft3/lb 940 Tables in English Units TABLE A-2E (Continued) H2O Specific Volume ft3/lb Temp. 8F Press. lbf/in.2 Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 210 212 220 230 240 14.13 14.70 17.19 20.78 24.97 0.01670 0.01672 0.01677 0.01685 0.01692 27.82 26.80 23.15 19.39 16.33 178.1 180.1 188.2 198.3 208.4 1077.0 1077.6 1079.8 1082.6 1085.3 178.1 180.2 188.2 198.3 208.4 971.6 970.3 965.3 958.8 952.3 1149.7 1150.5 1153.5 1157.1 1160.7 0.3091 0.3121 0.3241 0.3388 0.3534 1.7599 1.7567 1.7441 1.7289 1.7143 210 212 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 29.82 35.42 41.85 49.18 57.53 0.01700 0.01708 0.01717 0.01726 0.01735 13.83 11.77 10.07 8.65 7.47 218.5 228.6 238.8 249.0 259.3 1087.9 1090.5 1093.0 1095.4 1097.7 218.6 228.8 239.0 249.2 259.4 945.6 938.8 932.0 924.9 917.8 1164.2 1167.6 1170.9 1174.1 1177.2 0.3677 0.3819 0.3960 0.4099 0.4236 1.7001 1.6864 1.6731 1.6602 1.6477 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 66.98 77.64 89.60 103.00 117.93 0.01745 0.01755 0.01765 0.01776 0.01787 6.472 5.632 4.919 4.312 3.792 269.5 279.8 290.1 300.5 310.9 1100.0 1102.1 1104.2 1106.2 1108.0 269.7 280.1 290.4 300.8 311.3 910.4 903.0 895.3 887.5 879.5 1180.2 1183.0 1185.8 1188.4 1190.8 0.4372 0.4507 0.4640 0.4772 0.4903 1.6356 1.6238 1.6123 1.6010 1.5901 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 134.53 152.92 173.23 195.60 220.2 0.01799 0.01811 0.01823 0.01836 0.01850 3.346 2.961 2.628 2.339 2.087 321.4 331.8 342.4 353.0 363.6 1109.8 1111.4 1112.9 1114.3 1115.6 321.8 332.4 343.0 353.6 364.3 871.3 862.9 854.2 845.4 836.2 1193.1 1195.2 1197.2 1199.0 1200.6 0.5033 0.5162 0.5289 0.5416 0.5542 1.5793 1.5688 1.5585 1.5483 1.5383 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 247.1 276.5 308.5 343.3 381.2 0.01864 0.01878 0.01894 0.01909 0.01926 1.866 1.673 1.502 1.352 1.219 374.3 385.0 395.8 406.7 417.6 1116.6 1117.6 1118.3 1118.9 1119.3 375.1 386.0 396.9 407.9 419.0 826.8 817.2 807.2 796.9 786.3 1202.0 1203.1 1204.1 1204.8 1205.3 0.5667 0.5792 0.5915 0.6038 0.6161 1.5284 1.5187 1.5091 1.4995 1.4900 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 422.1 466.3 514.1 565.5 620.7 0.01943 0.01961 0.01980 0.02000 0.02021 1.1011 0.9961 0.9025 0.8187 0.7436 428.6 439.7 450.9 462.2 473.6 1119.5 1119.6 1119.4 1118.9 1118.3 430.2 441.4 452.8 464.3 475.9 775.4 764.1 752.4 740.3 727.8 1205.6 1205.5 1205.2 1204.6 1203.7 0.6282 0.6404 0.6525 0.6646 0.6767 1.4806 1.4712 1.4618 1.4524 1.4430 450 460 470 480 490 500 520 540 560 580 680.0 811.4 961.5 1131.8 1324.3 0.02043 0.02091 0.02145 0.02207 0.02278 0.6761 0.5605 0.4658 0.3877 0.3225 485.1 508.5 532.6 548.4 583.1 1117.4 1114.8 1111.0 1105.8 1098.9 487.7 511.7 536.4 562.0 588.6 714.8 687.3 657.5 625.0 589.3 1202.5 1198.9 1193.8 1187.0 1178.0 0.6888 0.7130 0.7374 0.7620 0.7872 1.4335 1.4145 1.3950 1.3749 1.3540 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 1541.0 1784.4 2057.1 2362 2705 0.02363 0.02465 0.02593 0.02767 0.03032 0.2677 0.2209 0.1805 0.1446 0.1113 609.9 638.3 668.7 702.3 741.7 1090.0 1078.5 1063.2 1042.3 1011.0 616.7 646.4 678.6 714.4 756.9 549.7 505.0 453.4 391.1 309.8 1166.4 1151.4 1131.9 1105.5 1066.7 0.8130 0.8398 0.8681 0.8990 0.9350 1.3317 1.3075 1.2803 1.2483 1.2068 600 620 640 660 680 700 705.4 3090 3204 0.03666 0.05053 0.0744 0.05053 801.7 872.6 947.7 872.6 822.7 902.5 167.5 0 990.2 902.5 0.9902 1.0580 1.1346 1.0580 700 705.4 Source: Tables A-2E through A-6E are extracted from J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1969. 941 Tables in English Units TABLE A.3E Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 72.84 85.19 94.35 101.70 107.88 0.01606 0.01609 0.01611 0.01614 0.01616 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 115.65 126.04 141.43 152.93 162.21 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10 Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Evap. sfg Sat. Vapor sg Press. lbf/in.2 792.0 540.0 411.7 333.6 280.9 40.94 53.26 62.41 69.74 75.90 1034.7 1038.7 1041.7 1044.0 1046.0 40.94 53.27 62.41 69.74 75.90 1052.3 1045.4 1040.2 1036.0 1032.5 1093.3 1098.6 1102.6 1105.8 1108.4 0.0800 0.1029 0.1195 0.1327 0.1436 1.9760 1.9184 1.8773 1.8453 1.8190 2.0559 2.0213 1.9968 1.9779 1.9626 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 0.01619 0.01623 0.01630 0.01636 0.01641 227.7 173.75 118.72 90.64 73.53 83.65 94.02 109.38 120.88 130.15 1048.5 1051.8 1056.6 1060.2 1063.0 83.65 94.02 109.39 120.89 130.17 1028.0 1022.1 1013.1 1006.4 1000.9 1111.7 1116.1 1122.5 1127.3 1131.0 0.1571 0.1750 0.2009 0.2198 0.2349 1.7867 1.7448 1.6852 1.6426 1.6093 1.9438 1.9198 1.8861 1.8624 1.8441 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 170.03 176.82 182.84 188.26 193.19 0.01645 0.01649 0.01653 0.01656 0.01659 61.98 53.65 47.35 42.41 38.42 137.98 144.78 150.81 156.25 161.20 1065.4 1067.4 1069.2 1070.8 1072.2 138.00 144.80 150.84 156.27 161.23 996.2 992.1 988.4 985.1 982.1 1134.2 1136.9 1139.3 1141.4 1143.3 0.2474 0.2581 0.2675 0.2760 0.2836 1.5819 1.5585 1.5383 1.5203 1.5041 1.8292 1.8167 1.8058 1.7963 1.7877 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10 14.696 15 20 25 30 211.99 213.03 227.96 240.08 250.34 0.01672 0.01672 0.01683 0.01692 0.01700 26.80 26.29 20.09 16.31 13.75 180.10 181.14 196.19 208.44 218.84 1077.6 1077.9 1082.0 1085.3 1088.0 180.15 181.19 196.26 208.52 218.93 970.4 969.7 960.1 952.2 945.4 1150.5 1150.9 1156.4 1160.7 1164.3 0.3121 0.3137 0.3358 0.3535 0.3682 1.4446 1.4414 1.3962 1.3607 1.3314 1.7567 1.7551 1.7320 1.7142 1.6996 14.696 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 259.30 267.26 274.46 281.03 287.10 0.01708 0.01715 0.01721 0.01727 0.01733 11.90 10.50 9.40 8.52 7.79 227.93 236.03 243.37 250.08 256.28 1090.3 1092.3 1094.0 1095.6 1097.0 228.04 236.16 243.51 250.24 256.46 939.3 933.8 928.8 924.2 919.9 1167.4 1170.0 1172.3 1174.4 1176.3 0.3809 0.3921 0.4022 0.4113 0.4196 1.3064 1.2845 1.2651 1.2476 1.2317 1.6873 1.6767 1.6673 1.6589 1.6513 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 292.73 298.00 302.96 307.63 312.07 0.01738 0.01743 0.01748 0.01752 0.01757 7.177 6.647 6.209 5.818 5.474 262.1 267.5 272.6 277.4 282.0 1098.3 1099.5 1100.6 1101.6 1102.6 262.2 267.7 272.8 277.6 282.2 915.8 911.9 908.3 904.8 901.4 1178.0 1179.6 1181.0 1182.4 1183.6 0.4273 0.4345 0.4412 0.4475 0.4534 1.2170 1.2035 1.1909 1.1790 1.1679 1.6443 1.6380 1.6321 1.6265 1.6213 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 110 316.29 320.31 324.16 327.86 334.82 0.01761 0.01766 0.01770 0.01774 0.01781 5.170 4.898 4.654 4.434 4.051 286.3 290.5 294.5 298.3 305.5 1103.5 1104.3 1105.0 1105.8 1107.1 286.6 290.8 294.8 298.6 305.9 898.2 895.1 892.1 889.2 883.7 1184.8 1185.9 1186.9 1187.8 1189.6 0.4591 0.4644 0.4695 0.4744 0.4836 1.1574 1.1475 1.1380 1.1290 1.1122 1.6165 1.6119 1.6075 1.6034 1.5958 85 90 95 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 341.30 347.37 353.08 358.48 363.60 0.01789 0.01796 0.01802 0.01809 0.01815 3.730 3.457 3.221 3.016 2.836 312.3 318.6 324.6 330.2 335.6 1108.3 1109.4 1110.3 1111.2 1112.0 312.7 319.0 325.1 330.8 336.2 878.5 873.5 868.7 864.2 859.8 1191.1 1192.5 1193.8 1194.9 1196.0 0.4920 0.4999 0.5073 0.5142 0.5208 1.0966 1.0822 1.0688 1.0562 1.0443 1.5886 1.5821 1.5761 1.5704 1.5651 120 130 140 150 160 Press. lbf/in.2 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy Btu/lb H2O Specific Volume ft3/lb 942 Tables in English Units TABLE A-3E (Continued) H2O Specific Volume ft3/lb Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Evap. sfg Sat. Vapor sg Press. lbf/in.2 170 180 190 200 250 368.47 373.13 377.59 381.86 401.04 0.01821 0.01827 0.01833 0.01839 0.01865 2.676 2.553 2.405 2.289 1.845 340.8 345.7 350.4 354.9 375.4 1112.7 1113.4 1114.0 1114.6 1116.7 341.3 346.3 351.0 355.6 376.2 855.6 851.5 847.5 843.7 825.8 1196.9 1197.8 1198.6 1199.3 1202.1 0.5270 0.5329 0.5386 0.5440 0.5680 1.0330 1.0223 1.0122 1.0025 0.9594 1.5600 1.5552 1.5508 1.5465 1.5274 170 180 190 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 417.43 431.82 444.70 456.39 467.13 0.01890 0.01912 0.01934 0.01955 0.01975 1.544 1.327 1.162 1.033 0.928 393.0 408.7 422.8 435.7 447.7 1118.2 1119.0 1119.5 1119.6 1119.4 394.1 409.9 424.2 437.4 449.5 809.8 795.0 781.2 768.2 755.8 1203.9 1204.9 1205.5 1205.6 1205.3 0.5883 0.6060 0.6218 0.6360 0.6490 0.9232 0.8917 0.8638 0.8385 0.8154 1.5115 1.4977 1.4856 1.4745 1.4644 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 477.07 486.33 503.23 518.36 532.12 0.01994 0.02013 0.02051 0.02087 0.02123 0.842 0.770 0.656 0.569 0.501 458.9 469.4 488.9 506.6 523.0 1119.1 1118.6 1117.0 1115.0 1112.6 460.9 471.7 491.5 509.7 526.6 743.9 732.4 710.5 689.6 669.5 1204.8 1204.1 1202.0 1199.3 1196.0 0.6611 0.6723 0.6927 0.7110 0.7277 0.7941 0.7742 0.7378 0.7050 0.6750 1.4451 1.4464 1.4305 1.4160 1.4027 550 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 544.75 556.45 567.37 577.60 587.25 0.02159 0.02195 0.02232 0.02269 0.02307 0.446 0.401 0.362 0.330 0.302 538.4 552.9 566.7 579.9 592.7 1109.9 1106.8 1103.5 1099.8 1096.0 542.4 557.4 571.7 585.4 598.6 650.0 631.0 612.3 593.8 575.5 1192.4 1188.3 1183.9 1179.2 1174.1 0.7432 0.7576 0.7712 0.7841 0.7964 0.6471 0.6209 0.5961 0.5724 0.5497 1.3903 1.3786 1.3673 1.3565 1.3461 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 596.39 605.06 613.32 621.21 628.76 0.02346 0.02386 0.02428 0.02472 0.02517 0.277 0.255 0.236 0.218 0.203 605.0 616.9 628.6 640.0 651.3 1091.8 1087.4 1082.7 1077.7 1072.3 611.5 624.0 636.2 648.3 660.1 557.2 538.9 520.6 502.1 483.4 1168.7 1162.9 1156.9 1150.4 1143.5 0.8082 0.8196 0.8307 0.8414 0.8519 0.5276 0.5062 0.4852 0.4645 0.4441 1.3359 1.3258 1.3159 1.3060 1.2961 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 636.00 652.90 668.31 682.46 695.52 0.02565 0.02698 0.02860 0.03077 0.03431 0.188 0.157 0.131 0.107 0.084 662.4 689.9 717.7 747.3 783.4 1066.6 1050.6 1031.0 1005.9 968.8 671.9 701.1 730.9 763.0 802.5 464.4 414.8 360.5 297.4 213.0 1136.3 1115.9 1091.4 1060.4 1015.5 0.8623 0.8876 0.9131 0.9401 0.9732 0.4238 0.3728 0.3196 0.2604 0.1843 1.2861 1.2604 1.2327 1.2005 1.1575 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 3203.6 705.44 0.05053 0.0505 872.6 872.6 902.5 0 902.5 1.0580 0 1.0580 3203.6 Press. lbf/in.2 Tables in English Units 943 TABLE A.4E Properties of Superheated Water Vapor v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 1 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 101.78F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 5 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 162.28F) Sat. 150 200 333.6 362.6 392.5 1044.0 1060.4 1077.5 1105.8 1127.5 1150.1 1.9779 2.0151 2.0508 73.53 1063.0 1131.0 1.8441 78.15 1076.0 1148.6 1.8715 250 300 400 422.4 452.3 511.9 1094.7 1112.0 1147.0 1172.8 1195.7 1241.8 2.0839 2.1150 2.1720 84.21 90.24 102.24 1093.8 1111.3 1146.6 1171.7 1194.8 1241.2 1.9052 1.9367 1.9941 500 600 700 571.5 631.1 690.7 1182.8 1219.3 1256.7 1288.5 1336.1 1384.5 2.2235 2.2706 2.3142 114.20 126.15 138.08 1182.5 1219.1 1256.5 1288.2 1335.8 1384.3 2.0458 2.0930 2.1367 800 900 1000 750.3 809.9 869.5 1294.4 1333.9 1373.9 1433.7 1483.8 1534.8 2.3550 2.3932 2.4294 150.01 161.94 173.86 1294.7 1333.8 1373.9 1433.5 1483.7 1534.7 2.1775 2.2158 2.2520 p 5 10 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 193.28F) p 5 14.7 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 212.08F) Sat. 200 250 38.42 38.85 41.95 1072.2 1074.7 1092.6 1143.3 1146.6 1170.2 1.7877 1.7927 1.8272 26.80 1077.6 1150.5 1.7567 28.42 1091.5 1168.8 1.7832 300 400 500 44.99 51.03 57.04 1110.4 1146.1 1182.2 1193.7 1240.5 1287.7 1.8592 1.9171 1.9690 30.52 34.67 38.77 1109.6 1145.6 1181.8 1192.6 1239.9 1287.3 1.8157 1.8741 1.9263 600 700 800 63.03 69.01 74.98 1218.9 1256.3 1294.6 1335.5 1384.0 1433.3 2.0164 2.0601 2.1009 42.86 46.93 51.00 1218.6 1256.1 1294.4 1335.2 1383.8 1433.1 1.9737 2.0175 2.0584 900 1000 1100 80.95 86.91 92.88 1333.7 1373.8 1414.7 1483.5 1534.6 1586.6 2.1393 2.1755 2.2099 55.07 59.13 63.19 1333.6 1373.7 1414.6 1483.4 1534.5 1586.4 2.0967 2.1330 2.1674 p 5 20 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 228.08F) p 5 40 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 267.38F) Sat. 250 300 20.09 20.79 22.36 1082.0 1090.3 1108.7 1156.4 1167.2 1191.5 1.7320 1.7475 1.7805 10.50 1093.3 1170.0 1.6767 11.04 1105.1 1186.8 1.6993 350 400 500 23.90 25.43 28.46 1126.9 1145.1 1181.5 1215.4 1239.2 1286.8 1.8110 1.8395 1.8919 11.84 12.62 14.16 1124.2 1143.0 1180.1 1211.8 1236.4 1284.9 1.7312 1.7606 1.8140 600 700 800 31.47 34.47 37.46 1218.4 1255.9 1294.3 1334.8 1383.5 1432.9 1.9395 1.9834 2.0243 15.69 17.20 18.70 1217.3 1255.1 1293.7 1333.4 1382.4 1432.1 1.8621 1.9063 1.9474 900 1000 1100 40.45 43.44 46.42 1333.5 1373.5 1414.5 1483.2 1534.3 1586.3 2.0627 2.0989 2.1334 20.20 21.70 23.20 1333.0 1373.1 1414.2 1482.5 1533.8 1585.9 1.9859 2.0223 2.0568 H2O T 8F 944 Tables in English Units TABLE A-4E (Continued) H2O T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 60 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 292.78F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 80 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 312.18F) Sat. 300 350 7.17 7.26 7.82 1098.3 1101.3 1121.4 1178.0 1181.9 1208.2 1.6444 1.6496 1.6830 5.47 1102.6 1183.6 1.6214 5.80 1118.5 1204.3 1.6476 400 500 600 8.35 9.40 10.43 1140.8 1178.6 1216.3 1233.5 1283.0 1332.1 1.7134 1.7678 1.8165 6.22 7.02 7.79 1138.5 1177.2 1215.3 1230.6 1281.1 1330.7 1.6790 1.7346 1.7838 700 800 900 11.44 12.45 13.45 1254.4 1293.0 1332.5 1381.4 1431.2 1481.8 1.8609 1.9022 1.9408 8.56 9.32 10.08 1253.6 1292.4 1332.0 1380.3 1430.4 1481.2 1.8285 1.8700 1.9087 1000 1100 1200 14.45 15.45 16.45 1372.7 1413.8 1455.8 1533.2 1585.4 1638.5 1.9773 2.0119 2.0448 10.83 11.58 12.33 1372.3 1413.5 1455.5 1532.6 1584.9 1638.1 1.9453 1.9799 2.0130 p 5 100 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 327.88F) p 5 120 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 341.38F) Sat. 350 400 4.434 4.592 4.934 1105.8 1115.4 1136.2 1187.8 1200.4 1227.5 1.6034 1.6191 1.6517 3.730 3.783 4.079 1108.3 1112.2 1133.8 1191.1 1196.2 1224.4 1.5886 1.5950 1.6288 450 500 600 5.265 5.587 6.216 1156.2 1175.7 1214.2 1253.6 1279.1 1329.3 1.6812 1.7085 1.7582 4.360 4.633 5.164 1154.3 1174.2 1213.2 1251.2 1277.1 1327.8 1.6590 1.6868 1.7371 700 800 900 6.834 7.445 8.053 1252.8 1291.8 1331.5 1379.2 1429.6 1480.5 1.8033 1.8449 1.8838 5.682 6.195 6.703 1252.0 1291.2 1330.9 1378.2 1428.7 1479.8 1.7825 1.8243 1.8633 1000 1100 1200 8.657 9.260 9.861 1371.9 1413.1 1455.2 1532.1 1584.5 1637.7 1.9204 1.9551 1.9882 7.208 7.711 8.213 1371.5 1412.8 1454.9 1531.5 1584.0 1637.3 1.9000 1.9348 1.9679 p 5 140 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 353.18F) p 5 160 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 363.68F) Sat. 400 450 3.221 3.466 3.713 1110.3 1131.4 1152.4 1193.8 1221.2 1248.6 1.5761 1.6088 1.6399 2.836 3.007 3.228 1112.0 1128.8 1150.5 1196.0 1217.8 1246.1 1.5651 1.5911 1.6230 500 550 600 3.952 4.184 4.412 1172.7 1192.5 1212.1 1275.1 1300.9 1326.4 1.6682 1.6945 1.7191 3.440 3.646 3.848 1171.2 1191.3 1211.1 1273.0 1299.2 1325.0 1.6518 1.6785 1.7034 700 800 900 4.860 5.301 5.739 1251.2 1290.5 1330.4 1377.1 1427.9 1479.1 1.7648 1.8068 1.8459 4.243 4.631 5.015 1250.4 1289.9 1329.9 1376.0 1427.0 1478.4 1.7494 1.7916 1.8308 1000 1100 1200 6.173 6.605 7.036 1371.0 1412.4 1454.6 1531.0 1583.6 1636.9 1.8827 1.9176 1.9507 5.397 5.776 6.154 1370.6 1412.1 1454.3 1530.4 1583.1 1636.5 1.8677 1.9026 1.9358 Tables in English Units 945 TABLE A.4E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 180 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 373.18F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 381.88F) Sat. 400 450 2.533 2.648 2.850 1113.4 1126.2 1148.5 1197.8 1214.4 1243.4 1.5553 1.5749 1.6078 2.289 2.361 2.548 1114.6 1123.5 1146.4 1199.3 1210.8 1240.7 1.5464 1.5600 1.5938 500 550 600 3.042 3.228 3.409 1169.6 1190.0 1210.0 1270.9 1297.5 1323.5 1.6372 1.6642 1.6893 2.724 2.893 3.058 1168.0 1188.7 1208.9 1268.8 1295.7 1322.1 1.6239 1.6512 1.6767 700 800 900 3.763 4.110 4.453 1249.6 1289.3 1329.4 1374.9 1426.2 1477.7 1.7357 1.7781 1.8174 3.379 3.693 4.003 1248.8 1288.6 1328.9 1373.8 1425.3 1477.1 1.7234 1.7660 1.8055 1000 1100 1200 4.793 5.131 5.467 1370.2 1411.7 1454.0 1529.8 1582.6 1636.1 1.8545 1.8894 1.9227 4.310 4.615 4.918 1369.8 1411.4 1453.7 1529.3 1582.2 1635.7 1.8425 1.8776 1.9109 p 5 250 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 401.08F) p 5 300 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 417.48F) Sat. 450 500 1.845 2.002 2.150 1116.7 1141.1 1163.8 1202.1 1233.7 1263.3 1.5274 1.5632 1.5948 1.544 1.636 1.766 1118.2 1135.4 1159.5 1203.9 1226.2 1257.5 1.5115 1.5365 1.5701 550 600 700 2.290 2.426 2.688 1185.3 1206.1 1246.7 1291.3 1318.3 1371.1 1.6233 1.6494 1.6970 1.888 2.004 2.227 1181.9 1203.2 1244.0 1286.7 1314.5 1368.3 1.5997 1.6266 1.6751 800 900 1000 2.943 3.193 3.440 1287.0 1327.6 1368.7 1423.2 1475.3 1527.9 1.7301 1.7799 1.8172 2.442 2.653 2.860 1285.4 1326.3 1367.7 1421.0 1473.6 1526.5 1.7187 1.7589 1.7964 1100 1200 1300 3.685 3.929 4.172 1410.5 1453.0 1496.3 1581.0 1634.8 1689.3 1.8524 1.8858 1.9177 3.066 3.270 3.473 1409.6 1452.2 1495.6 1579.8 1633.8 1688.4 1.8317 1.8653 1.8973 p 5 350 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 431.88F) p 5 400 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 444.78F) Sat. 450 500 1.327 1.373 1.491 1119.0 1129.2 1154.9 1204.9 1218.2 1251.5 1.4978 1.5125 1.5482 1.162 1.175 1.284 1119.5 1122.6 1150.1 1205.5 1209.5 1245.2 1.4856 1.4901 1.5282 550 600 700 1.600 1.703 1.898 1178.3 1200.3 1242.5 1281.9 1310.6 1365.4 1.5790 1.6068 1.6562 1.383 1.476 1.650 1174.6 1197.3 1240.4 1277.0 1306.6 1362.5 1.5605 1.5892 1.6397 800 900 1000 2.085 2.267 2.446 1283.8 1325.0 1366.6 1418.8 1471.8 1525.0 1.7004 1.7409 1.7787 1.816 1.978 2.136 1282.1 1323.7 1365.5 1416.6 1470.1 1523.6 1.6844 1.7252 1.7632 1100 1200 1300 2.624 2.799 2.974 1408.7 1451.5 1495.0 1578.6 1632.8 1687.6 1.8142 1.8478 1.8799 2.292 2.446 2.599 1407.8 1450.7 1494.3 1577.4 1621.8 1686.8 1.7989 1.8327 1.8648 H2O T 8F 946 Tables in English Units TABLE A-4E (Continued) H2O T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 450 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 456.48F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 500 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 467.18F) Sat. 500 550 1.033 1.123 1.215 1119.6 1145.1 1170.7 1205.6 1238.5 1271.9 1.4746 1.5097 1.5436 0.928 0.992 1.079 1119.4 1139.7 1166.7 1205.3 1231.5 1266.6 1.4645 1.4923 1.5279 600 700 800 1.300 1.458 1.608 1194.3 1238.2 1280.5 1302.5 1359.6 1414.4 1.5732 1.6248 1.6701 1.158 1.304 1.441 1191.1 1236.0 1278.8 1298.3 1356.7 1412.1 1.5585 1.6112 1.6571 900 1000 1100 1.752 1.894 2.034 1322.4 1364.4 1406.9 1468.3 1522.2 1576.3 1.7113 1.7495 1.7853 1.572 1.701 1.827 1321.0 1363.3 1406.0 1466.5 1520.7 1575.1 1.6987 1.7371 1.7731 1200 1300 1400 2.172 2.308 2.444 1450.0 1493.7 1538.1 1630.8 1685.9 1741.7 1.8192 1.8515 1.8823 1.952 2.075 2.198 1449.2 1493.1 1537.6 1629.8 1685.1 1741.0 1.8072 1.8395 1.8704 p 5 600 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 486.38F) p 5 700 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 503.28F) Sat. 500 550 0.770 0.795 0.875 1118.6 1128.0 1158.2 1204.1 1216.2 1255.4 1.4464 1.4592 1.4990 0.656 1117.0 1202.0 1.4305 0.728 1149.0 1243.2 1.4723 600 700 800 0.946 1.073 1.190 1184.5 1231.5 1275.4 1289.5 1350.6 1407.6 1.5320 1.5872 1.6343 0.793 0.907 1.011 1177.5 1226.9 1272.0 1280.2 1344.4 1402.9 1.5081 1.5661 1.6145 900 1000 1100 1.302 1.411 1.517 1318.4 1361.2 1404.2 1462.9 1517.8 1572.7 1.6766 1.7155 1.7519 1.109 1.204 1.296 1315.6 1358.9 1402.4 1459.3 1514.9 1570.2 1.6576 1.6970 1.7337 1200 1300 1400 1.622 1.726 1.829 1447.7 1491.7 1536.5 1627.8 1683.4 1739.5 1.7861 1.8186 1.8497 1.387 1.476 1.565 1446.2 1490.4 1535.3 1625.8 1681.7 1738.1 1.7682 1.8009 1.8321 p 5 800 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 518.38F) p 5 900 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 532.18F) Sat. 550 600 0.569 0.615 0.677 1115.0 1138.8 1170.1 1199.3 1229.9 1270.4 1.4160 1.4469 1.4861 0.501 0.527 0.587 1112.6 1127.5 1162.2 1196.0 1215.2 1260.0 1.4027 1.4219 1.4652 650 700 800 0.732 0.783 0.876 1197.2 1222.1 1268.5 1305.6 1338.0 1398.2 1.5186 1.5471 1.5969 0.639 0.686 0.772 1191.1 1217.1 1264.9 1297.5 1331.4 1393.4 1.4999 1.5297 1.5810 900 1000 1100 0.964 1.048 1.130 1312.9 1356.7 1400.5 1455.6 1511.9 1567.8 1.6408 1.6807 1.7178 0.851 0.927 1.001 1310.1 1354.5 1398.7 1451.9 1508.9 1565.4 1.6257 1.6662 1.7036 1200 1300 1400 1.210 1.289 1.367 1444.6 1489.1 1534.2 1623.8 1680.0 1736.6 1.7526 1.7854 1.8167 1.073 1.144 1.214 1443.0 1487.8 1533.0 1621.7 1687.3 1735.1 1.7386 1.7717 1.8031 Tables in English Units 947 TABLE A.4E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 1000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 544.78F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 1200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 567.48F) Sat. 600 650 0.446 0.514 0.564 1109.0 1153.7 1184.7 1192.4 1248.8 1289.1 1.3903 1.4450 1.4822 0.362 0.402 0.450 1103.5 1134.4 1170.9 1183.9 1223.6 1270.8 1.3673 1.4054 1.4490 700 800 900 0.608 0.688 0.761 1212.0 1261.2 1307.3 1324.6 1388.5 1448.1 1.5135 1.5665 1.6120 0.491 0.562 0.626 1201.3 1253.7 1301.5 1310.2 1378.4 1440.4 1.4837 1.5402 1.5876 1000 1100 1200 0.831 0.898 0.963 1352.2 1396.8 1441.5 1505.9 1562.9 1619.7 1.6530 1.6908 1.7261 0.685 0.743 0.798 1347.5 1393.0 1438.3 1499.7 1557.9 1615.5 1.6297 1.6682 1.7040 1300 1400 1600 1.027 1.091 1.215 1486.5 1531.9 1624.4 1676.5 1733.7 1849.3 1.7593 1.7909 1.8499 0.853 0.906 1.011 1483.8 1529.6 1622.6 1673.1 1730.7 1847.1 1.7377 1.7696 1.8290 p 5 1400 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 587.28F) p 5 1600 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 605.18F) Sat. 600 650 0.302 0.318 0.367 1096.0 1110.9 1155.5 1174.1 1193.1 1250.5 1.3461 1.3641 1.4171 0.255 1087.4 1162.9 1.3258 0.303 1137.8 1227.4 1.3852 700 800 900 0.406 0.471 0.529 1189.6 1245.8 1295.6 1294.8 1367.9 1432.5 1.4562 1.5168 1.5661 0.342 0.403 0.466 1177.0 1237.7 1289.5 1278.1 1357.0 1424.4 1.4299 1.4953 1.5468 1000 1100 1200 0.582 0.632 0.681 1342.8 1389.1 1435.1 1493.5 1552.8 1611.4 1.6094 1.6487 1.6851 0.504 0.549 0.592 1338.0 1385.2 1431.8 1487.1 1547.7 1607.1 1.5913 1.6315 1.6684 1300 1400 1600 0.728 0.774 0.865 1481.1 1527.2 1620.8 1669.6 1727.8 1844.8 1.7192 1.7513 1.8111 0.634 0.675 0.755 1478.3 1524.9 1619.0 1666.1 1724.8 1842.6 1.7029 1.7354 1.7955 p 5 1800 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 621.28F) p 5 2000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 636.08F) Sat. 650 700 0.218 0.251 0.291 1077.7 1117.0 1163.1 1150.4 1200.4 1259.9 1.3060 1.3517 1.4042 0.188 0.206 0.249 1066.6 1091.1 1147.7 1136.3 1167.2 1239.8 1.2861 1.3141 1.3782 750 800 900 0.322 0.350 0.399 1198.6 1229.1 1283.2 1305.9 1345.7 1416.1 1.4430 1.4753 1.5291 0.280 0.307 0.353 1187.3 1220.1 1276.8 1291.1 1333.8 1407.6 1.4216 1.4562 1.5126 1000 1100 1200 0.443 0.484 0.524 1333.1 1381.2 1428.5 1480.7 1542.5 1602.9 1.5749 1.6159 1.6534 0.395 0.433 0.469 1328.1 1377.2 1425.2 1474.1 1537.2 1598.6 1.5598 1.6017 1.6398 1300 1400 1600 0.561 0.598 0.670 1475.5 1522.5 1617.2 1662.5 1721.8 1840.4 1.6883 1.7211 1.7817 0.503 0.537 0.602 1472.7 1520.2 1615.4 1659.0 1718.8 1838.2 1.6751 1.7082 1.7692 H2O T 8F 948 Tables in English Units TABLE A-4E (Continued) H2O T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 2500 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 668.38F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 3000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 695.58F) Sat. 700 750 0.1306 0.1684 0.2030 1031.0 1098.7 1155.2 1091.4 1176.6 1249.1 1.2327 1.3073 1.3686 0.0840 0.0977 0.1483 968.8 1003.9 1114.7 1015.5 1058.1 1197.1 1.1575 1.1944 1.3122 800 900 1000 0.2291 0.2712 0.3069 1195.7 1259.9 1315.2 1301.7 1385.4 1457.2 1.4112 1.4752 1.5262 0.1757 0.2160 0.2485 1167.6 1241.8 1301.7 1265.2 1361.7 1439.6 1.3675 1.4414 1.4967 1100 1200 1300 0.3393 0.3696 0.3984 1366.8 1416.7 1465.7 1523.8 1587.7 1650.0 1.5704 1.6101 1.6465 0.2772 0.3086 0.3285 1356.2 1408.0 1458.5 1510.1 1576.6 1640.9 1.5434 1.5848 1.6224 1400 1500 1600 0.4261 0.4531 0.4795 1514.2 1562.5 1610.8 1711.3 1772.1 1832.6 1.6804 1.7123 1.7424 0.3524 0.3754 0.3978 1508.1 1557.3 1606.3 1703.7 1765.7 1827.1 1.6571 1.6896 1.7201 p 5 3500 lbf/in.2 p 5 4000 lbf/in.2 650 700 750 0.0249 0.0306 0.1046 663.5 759.5 1058.4 679.7 779.3 1126.1 0.8630 0.9506 1.2440 0.0245 0.0287 0.0633 657.7 742.1 960.7 675.8 763.4 1007.5 0.8574 0.9345 1.1395 800 900 1000 0.1363 0.1763 0.2066 1134.7 1222.4 1287.6 1223.0 1336.5 1421.4 1.3226 1.4096 1.4699 0.1052 0.1462 0.1752 1095.0 1201.5 1272.9 1172.9 1309.7 1402.6 1.2740 1.3789 1.4449 1100 1200 1300 0.2328 0.2566 0.2787 1345.2 1399.2 1451.1 1496.0 1565.3 1631.7 1.5193 1.5624 1.6012 0.1995 0.2213 0.2414 1333.9 1390.1 1443.7 1481.6 1553.9 1622.4 1.4973 1.5423 1.5823 1400 1500 1600 0.2997 0.3199 0.3395 1501.9 1552.0 1601.7 1696.1 1759.2 1831.6 1.6368 1.6699 1.7010 0.2603 0.2784 0.2959 1495.7 1546.7 1597.1 1688.4 1752.8 1816.1 1.6188 1.6526 1.6841 p 5 4400 lbf/in.2 p 5 4800 lbf/in.2 650 700 750 0.0242 0.0278 0.0415 653.6 732.7 870.8 673.3 755.3 904.6 0.8535 0.9257 1.0513 0.0237 0.0271 0.0352 649.8 725.1 832.6 671.0 749.1 863.9 0.8499 0.9187 1.0154 800 900 1000 0.0844 0.1270 0.1552 1056.5 1183.7 1260.8 1125.3 1287.1 1387.2 1.2306 1.3548 1.4260 0.0668 0.1109 0.1385 1011.2 1164.8 1248.3 1070.5 1263.4 1317.4 1.1827 1.3310 1.4078 1100 1200 1300 0.1784 0.1989 0.2176 1324.7 1382.8 1437.7 1469.9 1544.7 1614.9 1.4809 1.5274 1.5685 0.1608 0.1802 0.1979 1315.3 1375.4 1431.7 1458.1 1535.4 1607.4 1.4653 1.5133 1.5555 1400 1500 1600 0.2352 0.2520 0.2681 1490.7 1542.7 1593.4 1682.3 1747.6 1811.7 1.6057 1.6399 1.6718 0.2143 0.2300 0.2450 1485.7 1538.2 1589.8 1676.1 1742.5 1807.4 1.5934 1.6282 1.6605 Tables in English Units 949 TABLE A-5E Properties of Compressed Liquid Water v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 500 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 467.18F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 1000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 544.78F) 32 50 100 0.015994 0.015998 0.016106 0.00 18.02 67.87 1.49 19.50 69.36 0.00000 0.03599 0.12932 0.015967 0.015972 0.016082 0.03 17.99 67.70 2.99 20.94 70.68 0.00005 0.03592 0.12901 150 200 300 0.016318 0.016608 0.017416 117.66 167.65 268.92 119.17 169.19 270.53 0.21457 0.29341 0.43641 0.016293 0.016580 0.017379 117.38 167.26 268.24 120.40 170.32 271.46 0.21410 0.29281 0.43552 400 Sat. 0.018608 0.019748 373.68 447.70 375.40 449.53 0.56604 0.64904 0.018550 0.021591 372.55 538.39 375.98 542.38 0.56472 0.74320 p 5 1500 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 596.48F) p 5 2000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 636.08F) 32 50 100 0.015939 0.015946 0.016058 0.05 17.95 67.53 4.47 22.38 71.99 0.00007 0.03584 0.12870 0.015912 0.015920 0.016034 0.06 17.91 67.37 5.95 23.81 73.30 0.00008 0.03575 0.12839 150 200 300 0.016268 0.016554 0.017343 117.10 166.87 267.58 121.62 171.46 272.39 0.21364 0.29221 0.43463 0.016244 0.016527 0.017308 116.83 166.49 266.93 122.84 172.60 273.33 0.21318 0.29162 0.43376 400 500 Sat. 0.018493 0.02024 0.02346 371.45 481.8 605.0 376.59 487.4 611.5 0.56343 0.6853 0.8082 0.018439 0.02014 0.02565 370.38 479.8 662.4 377.21 487.3 671.9 0.56216 0.6832 0.8623 p 5 3000 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 695.58F) p 5 4000 lbf/in.2 32 50 100 0.015859 0.015870 0.015987 0.09 17.84 67.04 8.90 26.65 75.91 0.00009 0.03555 0.12777 0.015807 0.015821 0.015942 0.10 17.76 66.72 11.80 29.47 78.52 0.00005 0.03534 0.12714 150 200 300 0.016196 0.016476 0.017240 116.30 165.74 265.66 125.29 174.89 275.23 0.21226 0.29046 0.43205 0.016150 0.016425 0.017174 115.77 165.02 264.43 127.73 177.18 277.15 0.21136 0.28931 0.43038 400 500 Sat. 0.018334 0.019944 0.034310 368.32 476.2 783.5 378.50 487.3 802.5 0.55970 0.6794 0.9732 0.018235 0.019766 366.35 472.9 379.85 487.5 0.55734 0.6758 H2O T 8F 950 Tables in English Units TABLE A-6E Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table H2O Specific Volume ft3/lb Press. lbf/in.2 Sat. Solid vi Sat. Vapor vg 3 1023 32.018 32 30 .0887 .0886 .0808 .01747 .01747 .01747 25 20 15 .0641 .0505 .0396 .01746 .01745 .01745 10 5 0 .0309 .0240 .0185 .01744 .01743 .01743 25 210 215 .0142 .0109 .0082 220 225 230 235 240 Temp. 8F Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Solid ui Subl. uig Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Solid hi Subl. hig Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Solid si Subl. sig Sat. Vapor sg 3.302 3.305 3.607 2143.34 2143.35 2144.35 1164.6 1164.6 1164.9 1021.2 1021.2 1020.5 2143.34 2143.35 2144.35 1218.7 1218.7 1218.9 1075.4 1075.4 1074.5 2.292 2.292 2.294 2.479 2.479 2.489 2.187 2.187 2.195 4.506 5.655 7.13 2146.84 2149.31 2151.75 1165.7 1166.5 1167.3 1018.9 1017.2 1015.5 2146.84 2149.31 2151.75 1219.1 1219.4 1219.7 1072.3 1070.1 1067.9 2.299 2.304 2.309 2.515 2.542 2.569 2.216 2.238 2.260 9.04 11.52 14.77 2154.17 2156.56 2158.93 1168.1 1168.8 1169.5 1013.9 1012.2 1010.6 2154.17 2156.56 2158.93 1219.9 1220.1 1220.2 1065.7 1063.5 1061.2 2.314 2.320 2.325 2.597 2.626 2.655 2.283 2.306 2.330 .01742 .01741 .01740 19.03 24.66 32.2 2161.27 2163.59 2165.89 1170.2 1170.9 1171.5 1008.9 1007.3 1005.6 2161.27 2163.59 2165.89 1220.3 1220.4 1220.5 1059.0 1056.8 1054.6 2.330 2.335 2.340 2.684 2.714 2.745 2.354 2.379 2.405 .0062 .0046 .0035 .01740 .01739 .01738 42.2 55.7 74.1 2168.16 2170.40 2172.63 1172.1 1172.7 1173.2 1003.9 1002.3 1000.6 2168.16 2170.40 2172.63 1220.6 1220.6 1220.6 1052.4 1050.2 1048.0 2.345 2.351 2.356 2.776 2.808 2.841 2.431 2.457 2.485 .0026 .0019 .01737 .01737 99.2 133.8 2174.82 2177.00 1173.8 1174.3 998.9 997.3 2174.82 2177.00 1220.6 1220.6 1045.8 1043.6 2.361 2.366 2.874 2.908 2.513 2.542 951 Tables in English Units TABLE A-7E Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Temp. 8F Press. lbf/in.2 Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 280 260 255 250 245 240 4.781 8.834 10.187 11.701 13.387 15.261 0.01090 0.01113 0.01120 0.01126 0.01132 0.01139 9.6984 5.4744 4.7933 4.2123 3.7147 3.2869 210.30 25.20 23.91 22.62 21.33 20.03 87.24 89.16 89.64 90.12 90.59 91.07 210.29 25.18 23.89 22.60 21.30 0.00 106.11 103.30 102.58 101.84 101.10 100.35 95.82 98.12 98.68 99.24 99.80 100.35 20.0257 20.0126 20.0094 20.0063 20.0031 0.0000 0.2538 0.2458 0.2441 0.2424 0.2407 0.2391 280 260 255 250 245 240 235 230 225 220 215 17.335 19.624 22.142 24.906 27.931 0.01145 0.01152 0.01159 0.01166 0.01173 2.9176 2.5976 2.3195 2.0768 1.8644 1.27 2.58 3.89 5.21 6.53 91.54 92.00 92.47 92.93 93.38 1.31 2.62 3.94 5.26 6.59 99.59 98.82 98.04 97.24 96.43 100.90 101.44 101.98 102.50 103.03 0.0031 0.0061 0.0092 0.0122 0.0152 0.2376 0.2361 0.2347 0.2334 0.2321 235 230 225 220 215 210 25 0 5 10 31.233 34.829 38.734 42.967 47.545 0.01181 0.01188 0.01196 0.01204 0.01212 1.6780 1.5138 1.3688 1.2404 1.1264 7.86 9.19 10.53 11.88 13.23 93.84 94.28 94.73 95.17 95.60 7.93 9.27 10.62 11.97 13.33 95.61 94.78 93.93 93.06 92.18 103.54 104.05 104.55 105.04 105.52 0.0182 0.0211 0.0240 0.0270 0.0298 0.2308 0.2296 0.2284 0.2272 0.2261 210 25 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 52.486 57.808 63.529 69.668 76.245 0.01220 0.01229 0.01237 0.01246 0.01255 1.0248 0.9342 0.8531 0.7804 0.7150 14.58 15.95 17.31 18.69 20.07 96.03 96.45 96.87 97.28 97.68 14.70 16.08 17.46 18.85 20.25 91.29 90.38 89.45 88.50 87.53 105.99 106.45 106.90 107.35 107.78 0.0327 0.0356 0.0384 0.0412 0.0441 0.2250 0.2240 0.2230 0.2220 0.2210 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 83.278 90.787 98.792 107.31 116.37 125.98 0.01265 0.01275 0.01285 0.01295 0.01306 0.01317 0.6561 0.6029 0.5548 0.5112 0.4716 0.4355 21.46 22.86 24.27 25.68 27.10 28.53 98.08 98.47 98.84 99.22 99.58 99.93 21.66 23.07 24.50 25.94 27.38 28.84 86.54 85.53 84.49 83.44 82.36 81.25 108.20 108.60 108.99 109.37 109.74 110.09 0.0468 0.0496 0.0524 0.0552 0.0579 0.0607 0.2200 0.2191 0.2182 0.2173 0.2164 0.2155 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 136.18 146.97 158.38 170.44 183.16 196.57 0.01328 0.01340 0.01352 0.01365 0.01378 0.01392 0.4027 0.3726 0.3452 0.3200 0.2969 0.2756 29.98 31.43 32.89 34.36 35.85 37.35 100.27 100.60 100.92 101.22 101.51 101.79 30.31 31.79 33.29 34.80 36.32 37.86 80.11 78.95 77.75 76.53 75.26 73.96 110.42 110.74 111.04 111.32 111.58 111.82 0.0634 0.0661 0.0689 0.0716 0.0743 0.0771 0.2147 0.2138 0.2130 0.2121 0.2113 0.2104 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 140 210.69 225.54 241.15 257.55 274.75 352.17 0.01407 0.01422 0.01438 0.01455 0.01472 0.01555 0.2560 0.2379 0.2212 0.2058 0.1914 0.1433 38.86 40.39 41.94 43.50 45.08 51.62 102.05 102.29 102.52 102.72 102.90 103.36 39.41 40.99 42.58 44.19 45.83 52.64 72.63 71.24 69.82 68.34 66.81 60.06 112.04 112.23 112.40 112.53 112.64 112.70 0.0798 0.0825 0.0852 0.0880 0.0907 0.1019 0.2095 0.2087 0.2078 0.2069 0.2060 0.2021 100 105 110 115 120 140 Source: Tables A-7E through A-9E are calculated based on equations from A. Kamei and S. W. Beyerlein, “A Fundamental Equation for Chlorodifluoromethane (R-22),” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 80, No. 11, 1992, pp. 71–86. R-22 Specific Volume ft3/lb 952 Tables in English Units TABLE A-8E Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table R-22 Specific Volume ft3/lb Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Press. lbf/in.2 Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. lbf/in.2 5 10 15 20 25 278.62 255.66 240.67 229.22 219.84 0.01091 0.01119 0.01138 0.01153 0.01166 9.3014 4.8769 3.3402 2.5518 2.0695 29.95 24.08 20.21 2.78 5.25 87.37 89.58 91.00 92.07 92.94 29.93 24.06 20.17 2.83 5.31 105.92 102.67 100.45 98.70 97.22 95.98 98.61 100.28 101.52 102.52 20.0248 20.0098 20.0004 0.0066 0.0123 0.2532 0.2443 0.2393 0.2359 0.2333 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 211.82 24.77 1.54 7.27 12.53 0.01178 0.01189 0.01198 0.01207 0.01216 1.7430 1.5068 1.3277 1.1870 1.0735 7.38 9.25 10.94 12.49 13.91 93.67 94.30 94.86 95.37 95.82 7.44 9.33 11.03 12.59 14.03 95.91 94.74 93.66 92.67 91.73 103.35 104.07 104.70 105.26 105.76 0.0171 0.0212 0.0249 0.0283 0.0313 0.2313 0.2295 0.2280 0.2267 0.2256 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 17.41 21.96 26.23 30.26 34.08 0.01224 0.01232 0.01239 0.01247 0.01254 0.9799 0.9014 0.8345 0.7768 0.7265 15.24 16.48 17.65 18.76 19.82 96.23 96.62 96.97 97.30 97.61 15.36 16.62 17.80 18.92 19.99 90.85 90.01 89.21 88.45 87.71 106.21 106.63 107.01 107.37 107.70 0.0341 0.0367 0.0391 0.0414 0.0435 0.2245 0.2236 0.2227 0.2219 0.2212 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 37.71 41.18 44.49 47.67 50.73 0.01260 0.01267 0.01274 0.01280 0.01286 0.6823 0.6431 0.6081 0.5766 0.5482 20.83 21.79 22.72 23.61 24.47 97.90 98.17 98.43 98.67 98.90 21.01 21.99 22.93 23.84 24.71 86.99 86.30 85.63 84.98 84.34 108.00 108.29 108.56 108.81 109.05 0.0456 0.0475 0.0494 0.0511 0.0528 0.2205 0.2198 0.2192 0.2186 0.2181 80 85 90 95 100 110 120 130 140 150 56.52 61.92 67.00 71.80 76.36 0.01298 0.01310 0.01321 0.01332 0.01343 0.4988 0.4573 0.4220 0.3915 0.3649 26.11 27.65 29.11 30.50 31.82 99.33 99.71 100.07 100.39 100.69 26.37 27.94 29.43 30.84 32.20 83.11 81.93 80.80 79.70 78.63 109.49 109.88 110.22 110.54 110.82 0.0560 0.0590 0.0618 0.0644 0.0669 0.2170 0.2161 0.2152 0.2144 0.2136 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 80.69 84.82 88.78 92.58 96.24 0.01354 0.01365 0.01375 0.01386 0.01396 0.3416 0.3208 0.3023 0.2857 0.2706 33.09 34.31 35.49 36.62 37.72 100.96 101.21 101.44 101.66 101.86 33.49 34.74 35.95 37.11 38.24 77.59 76.57 75.57 74.60 73.64 111.08 111.31 111.52 111.71 111.88 0.0693 0.0715 0.0737 0.0757 0.0777 0.2128 0.2121 0.2115 0.2108 0.2102 160 170 180 190 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 104.82 112.73 120.07 126.94 133.39 139.49 0.01422 0.01447 0.01473 0.01499 0.01525 0.01552 0.2386 0.2126 0.1912 0.1732 0.1577 0.1444 40.34 42.79 45.10 47.30 49.42 51.45 102.28 102.63 102.91 103.11 103.26 103.35 40.93 43.46 45.85 48.14 50.33 52.46 71.29 69.02 66.79 64.60 62.42 60.25 112.22 112.47 112.64 112.73 112.75 112.71 0.0824 0.0867 0.0908 0.0946 0.0982 0.1016 0.2087 0.2073 0.2060 0.2047 0.2034 0.2022 225 250 275 300 325 350 Tables in English Units 953 TABLE A-9E Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 5 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 278.628F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 10 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 255.668F) Sat. 270 260 9.3014 9.5244 9.7823 87.37 88.31 89.43 95.98 97.13 98.48 0.2532 0.2562 0.2596 4.8769 89.58 98.61 0.2443 250 240 230 10.0391 10.2952 10.5506 90.55 91.69 92.84 99.84 101.22 102.61 0.2630 0.2663 0.2696 4.9522 5.0846 5.2163 90.23 91.39 92.57 99.40 100.81 102.23 0.2462 0.2496 0.2530 220 210 0 10.8054 11.0596 11.3133 94.01 95.19 96.39 104.01 105.43 106.87 0.2728 0.2760 0.2791 5.3472 5.4775 5.6073 93.75 94.95 96.16 103.65 105.09 106.55 0.2563 0.2595 0.2627 10 20 30 40 11.5666 11.8195 12.0720 12.3242 97.60 98.83 100.07 101.33 108.31 109.77 111.25 112.74 0.2822 0.2853 0.2884 0.2914 5.7366 5.8655 5.9941 6.1223 97.39 98.63 99.88 101.15 108.01 109.49 110.98 112.49 0.2658 0.2690 0.2720 0.2751 p 5 15 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 240.678F) p 5 20 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 229.228F) Sat. 240 230 3.3402 3.3463 3.4370 91.00 91.08 92.28 100.28 100.38 101.83 0.2393 0.2396 0.2430 2.5518 92.07 101.52 0.2359 220 210 0 3.5268 3.6160 3.7046 93.49 94.70 95.93 103.28 104.75 106.22 0.2463 0.2496 0.2529 2.6158 2.6846 2.7528 93.21 94.45 95.69 102.90 104.39 105.89 0.2391 0.2424 0.2457 10 20 30 3.7927 3.8804 3.9677 97.17 98.43 99.69 107.71 109.20 110.71 0.2561 0.2592 0.2623 2.8204 2.8875 2.9542 96.95 98.22 99.49 107.39 108.91 110.43 0.2490 0.2522 0.2553 40 50 60 70 4.0546 4.1412 4.2275 4.3136 100.97 102.26 103.57 104.89 112.23 113.76 115.31 116.87 0.2654 0.2684 0.2714 0.2744 3.0205 3.0865 3.1522 3.2176 100.78 102.09 103.40 104.73 111.97 113.52 115.08 116.65 0.2584 0.2615 0.2645 0.2675 p 5 25 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 219.848F) p 5 30 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 211.828F) Sat. 210 0 2.0695 2.1252 2.1812 92.94 94.18 95.45 102.52 104.02 105.54 0.2333 0.2367 0.2400 1.7430 1.7518 1.7997 93.67 93.91 95.19 103.35 103.64 105.19 0.2313 0.2319 0.2353 10 20 30 2.2365 2.2914 2.3458 96.72 98.00 99.29 107.07 108.61 110.15 0.2433 0.2466 0.2498 1.8470 1.8937 1.9400 96.48 97.78 99.09 106.74 108.30 109.86 0.2386 0.2419 0.2451 40 50 60 2.3998 2.4535 2.5068 100.59 101.91 103.23 111.70 113.27 114.84 0.2529 0.2560 0.2590 1.9858 2.0313 2.0764 100.40 101.73 103.06 111.43 113.01 114.60 0.2483 0.2514 0.2545 70 80 90 100 2.5599 2.6127 2.6654 2.7178 104.57 105.92 107.28 108.65 116.42 118.01 119.62 121.24 0.2621 0.2650 0.2680 0.2709 2.1213 2.1659 2.2103 2.2545 104.41 105.77 107.13 108.52 116.19 117.80 119.41 121.04 0.2576 0.2606 0.2635 0.2665 R-22 T 8F 954 Tables in English Units TABLE A-9E (Continued) T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb R-22 p 5 40 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 1.548F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 50 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 12.538F) Sat. 10 20 1.3277 1.3593 1.3960 94.86 95.99 97.33 104.70 106.06 107.67 0.2280 0.2310 0.2343 1.0735 95.82 105.76 0.2256 1.0965 96.85 107.00 0.2282 30 40 50 1.4321 1.4678 1.5032 98.66 100.01 101.35 109.27 110.88 112.49 0.2376 0.2409 0.2441 1.1268 1.1565 1.1858 98.22 99.59 100.97 108.65 110.30 111.95 0.2316 0.2349 0.2382 60 70 80 1.5381 1.5728 1.6071 102.71 104.08 105.45 114.10 115.73 117.36 0.2472 0.2503 0.2534 1.2147 1.2433 1.2716 102.35 103.74 105.13 113.60 115.25 116.90 0.2414 0.2445 0.2476 90 100 110 120 1.6413 1.6752 1.7089 1.7424 106.84 108.23 109.64 111.06 118.99 120.64 122.30 123.97 0.2564 0.2593 0.2623 0.2652 1.2996 1.3274 1.3549 1.3823 106.53 107.95 109.37 110.80 118.57 120.24 121.91 123.60 0.2507 0.2537 0.2567 0.2596 p 5 60 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 21.968F) p 5 70 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 30.268F) Sat. 30 40 0.9014 0.9226 0.9485 96.62 97.75 99.16 106.63 108.00 109.70 0.2236 0.2264 0.2298 0.7768 97.30 107.37 0.2219 0.7994 98.71 109.07 0.2254 50 60 70 0.9739 0.9988 1.0234 100.57 101.98 103.39 111.39 113.07 114.76 0.2332 0.2365 0.2397 0.8221 0.8443 0.8660 100.15 101.59 103.03 110.81 112.53 114.25 0.2288 0.2321 0.2354 80 90 100 1.0476 1.0716 1.0953 104.80 106.22 107.65 116.44 118.13 119.82 0.2428 0.2459 0.2490 0.8874 0.9086 0.9294 104.46 105.90 107.35 115.97 117.68 119.40 0.2386 0.2418 0.2449 110 120 130 140 1.1188 1.1421 1.1653 1.1883 109.09 110.53 111.99 113.45 121.52 123.22 124.93 126.65 0.2520 0.2549 0.2579 0.2608 0.9500 0.9704 0.9907 1.0107 108.80 110.26 111.73 113.21 121.12 122.84 124.57 126.31 0.2479 0.2509 0.2539 0.2568 p 5 80 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 37.718F) p 5 90 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 44.498F) Sat. 40 50 0.6823 0.6871 0.7079 97.90 98.24 99.72 108.00 108.42 110.20 0.2205 0.2213 0.2248 0.6081 98.43 108.56 0.2192 0.6186 99.26 109.57 0.2212 60 70 80 0.7280 0.7478 0.7671 101.19 102.65 104.11 111.97 113.73 115.48 0.2283 0.2316 0.2349 0.6373 0.6555 0.6733 100.77 102.27 103.76 111.39 113.19 114.98 0.2247 0.2282 0.2315 90 100 110 0.7861 0.8048 0.8233 105.58 107.04 108.51 117.22 118.97 120.71 0.2381 0.2412 0.2443 0.6907 0.7078 0.7246 105.24 106.73 108.22 116.75 118.52 120.29 0.2348 0.2380 0.2411 120 130 140 150 0.8416 0.8596 0.8775 0.8953 109.99 111.47 112.96 114.46 122.45 124.20 125.96 127.72 0.2474 0.2504 0.2533 0.2562 0.7412 0.7576 0.7739 0.7899 109.71 111.20 112.71 114.22 122.06 123.83 125.60 127.38 0.2442 0.2472 0.2502 0.2531 Tables in English Units 955 TABLE A-9E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 100 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 50.738F) Sat. 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 0.5482 0.5645 0.5980 0.6300 0.6609 0.6908 0.7201 0.7489 0.7771 0.8051 0.8327 0.8600 0.8871 0.9140 98.90 100.33 103.38 106.40 109.42 112.45 115.50 118.58 121.69 124.84 128.04 131.27 134.54 137.85 109.05 110.79 114.46 118.07 121.66 125.24 128.83 132.45 136.08 139.75 143.45 147.19 150.97 154.78 0.3915 0.4028 0.4289 0.4534 0.4768 0.4993 0.5212 0.5426 0.5636 0.5842 0.6045 0.6246 0.6445 0.6642 100.39 101.76 105.02 108.21 111.37 114.53 117.70 120.89 124.10 127.35 130.62 133.94 137.29 140.68 110.54 112.20 116.14 119.96 123.73 127.48 131.21 134.96 138.71 142.49 146.30 150.13 154.00 157.89 0.2181 0.2214 0.2284 0.2349 0.2412 0.2473 0.2532 0.2589 0.2645 0.2700 0.2754 0.2806 0.2858 0.2909 0.3023 0.3154 0.3369 0.3570 0.3761 0.3943 0.4120 0.4292 0.4459 0.4624 0.4786 0.4946 0.5104 0.5260 101.44 103.44 106.88 110.21 113.50 116.78 120.05 123.33 126.64 129.96 133.32 136.71 140.13 143.59 111.52 113.95 118.11 122.11 126.04 129.92 133.78 137.64 141.50 145.38 149.28 153.20 157.15 161.12 s Btu/lb ? 8R 0.4573 99.71 109.88 0.2161 0.4846 0.5130 0.5400 0.5661 0.5914 0.6161 0.6404 0.6642 0.6878 0.7110 0.7340 0.7568 102.60 105.73 108.83 111.92 115.02 118.15 121.30 124.48 127.69 130.95 134.24 137.57 113.37 117.13 120.83 124.50 128.16 131.84 135.53 139.24 142.98 146.75 150.55 154.39 0.2227 0.2295 0.2360 0.2422 0.2482 0.2541 0.2597 0.2653 0.2707 0.2760 0.2812 0.2863 p 5 160 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 80.698F) 0.2144 0.2175 0.2246 0.2313 0.2377 0.2439 0.2498 0.2556 0.2612 0.2666 0.2720 0.2773 0.2824 0.2875 0.3416 100.96 111.08 0.2128 0.3653 0.3881 0.4095 0.4301 0.4499 0.4692 0.4880 0.5065 0.5246 0.5425 0.5602 0.5777 104.26 107.56 110.81 114.03 117.25 120.47 123.72 126.99 130.30 133.63 137.00 140.41 115.08 119.06 122.94 126.77 130.57 134.37 138.18 142.00 145.84 149.70 153.60 157.62 0.2201 0.2271 0.2337 0.2400 0.2460 0.2518 0.2575 0.2631 0.2685 0.2738 0.2790 0.2841 p 5 180 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 88.788F) Sat. 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 h Btu/lb p 5 120 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 61.928F) p 5 140 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 71.808F) Sat. 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 u Btu/lb p 5 200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 96.248F) 0.2115 0.2159 0.2231 0.2299 0.2364 0.2425 0.2485 0.2542 0.2598 0.2653 0.2706 0.2759 0.2810 0.2860 0.2706 0.2748 0.2957 0.3148 0.3327 0.3497 0.3661 0.3820 0.3975 0.4126 0.4275 0.4422 0.4566 0.4709 101.86 102.56 106.15 109.59 112.96 116.29 119.61 122.94 126.27 129.63 133.01 136.42 139.86 143.33 111.88 112.73 117.10 121.25 125.28 129.25 133.17 137.08 140.99 144.91 148.84 152.79 156.77 160.77 0.2102 0.2117 0.2194 0.2264 0.2330 0.2393 0.2454 0.2512 0.2569 0.2624 0.2678 0.2731 0.2782 0.2833 R-22 T 8F 956 Tables in English Units TABLE A-9E (Continued) T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb R-22 p 5 225 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 104.828F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 250 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 112.738F) Sat. 120 140 0.2386 0.2539 0.2722 102.28 105.17 108.78 112.22 115.75 120.12 0.2087 0.2149 0.2223 0.2126 0.2198 0.2378 102.63 104.10 107.90 112.47 114.27 118.91 0.2073 0.2104 0.2183 160 180 200 0.2891 0.3050 0.3202 112.26 115.67 119.06 124.30 128.38 132.40 0.2291 0.2356 0.2418 0.2540 0.2690 0.2833 111.51 115.02 118.48 123.27 127.48 131.59 0.2255 0.2321 0.2385 220 240 260 0.3348 0.3490 0.3628 122.43 125.81 129.20 136.38 140.35 144.32 0.2477 0.2535 0.2591 0.2969 0.3101 0.3229 121.91 125.33 128.76 135.66 139.69 143.71 0.2445 0.2504 0.2560 280 300 320 0.3764 0.3896 0.4027 132.61 136.05 139.51 148.29 152.28 156.29 0.2645 0.2699 0.2751 0.3354 0.3476 0.3596 132.21 135.67 139.16 147.73 151.76 155.81 0.2616 0.2669 0.2722 340 360 0.4156 0.4284 143.00 146.33 160.32 164.38 0.2802 0.2852 0.3715 0.3831 142.67 146.22 159.87 163.95 0.2773 0.2824 p 5 275 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 120.078F) p 5 300 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 126.948F) Sat. 140 160 0.1912 0.2092 0.2250 102.91 106.96 110.73 112.64 117.61 122.19 0.2060 0.2144 0.2219 0.1732 0.1849 0.2006 103.11 105.93 109.89 112.73 116.20 121.04 0.2047 0.2105 0.2185 180 200 220 0.2395 0.2530 0.2659 144.35 117.88 121.38 126.54 130.77 134.91 0.2288 0.2353 0.2415 0.2146 0.2276 0.2399 133.64 117.26 120.83 125.56 129.91 134.15 0.2257 0.2324 0.2387 240 260 280 0.2782 0.2902 0.3018 124.85 128.32 131.80 139.02 143.10 147.17 0.2475 0.2532 0.2588 0.2516 0.2629 0.2739 124.35 127.87 131.38 138.33 142.47 146.59 0.2447 0.2506 0.2562 300 320 340 360 0.3132 0.3243 0.3353 0.3461 135.29 138.80 142.34 145.90 151.24 155.32 159.41 163.53 0.2642 0.2695 0.2747 0.2798 0.2845 0.2949 0.3051 0.3152 134.90 138.44 142.00 145.58 150.71 154.83 158.95 163.09 0.2617 0.2671 0.2723 0.2774 p 5 325 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 133.398F) p 5 350 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 139.498F) Sat. 140 160 0.1577 0.1637 0.1796 103.26 104.78 109.00 112.75 114.63 119.81 0.2034 0.2066 0.2151 0.1444 0.1448 0.1605 103.35 103.48 107.90 112.71 112.86 118.30 0.2022 0.2024 0.2113 180 200 220 0.1934 0.2061 0.2179 112.89 116.62 120.26 124.53 129.02 133.37 0.2226 0.2295 0.2360 0.1747 0.1874 0.1987 112.06 115.95 119.65 123.38 128.10 132.53 0.2194 0.2267 0.2333 240 260 280 0.2291 0.2398 0.2501 123.84 127.40 130.96 137.63 141.83 146.01 0.2422 0.2481 0.2538 0.2095 0.2199 0.2297 123.31 126.93 130.52 136.89 141.18 145.41 0.2396 0.2457 0.2514 300 320 340 0.2602 0.2700 0.2796 134.51 138.08 141.66 150.17 154.33 158.49 0.2593 0.2647 0.2700 0.2393 0.2486 0.2577 134.12 137.71 141.32 149.62 153.82 158.02 0.2571 0.2626 0.2679 360 380 0.2891 0.2983 145.26 148.89 162.66 166.85 0.2752 0.2802 0.2666 0.2754 144.95 148.59 162.23 166.43 0.2730 0.2781 Tables in English Units 957 TABLE A-10E Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Internal Energy Btu/lb Temp. 8F Press. lbf/in.2 Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug 240 230 220 215 210 7.490 9.920 12.949 14.718 16.674 0.01130 0.01143 0.01156 0.01163 0.01170 5.7173 4.3911 3.4173 3.0286 2.6918 20.02 2.81 5.69 7.14 8.61 87.90 89.26 90.62 91.30 91.98 25 0 5 10 15 18.831 21.203 23.805 26.651 29.756 0.01178 0.01185 0.01193 0.01200 0.01208 2.3992 2.1440 1.9208 1.7251 1.5529 10.09 11.58 13.09 14.60 16.13 20 25 30 40 50 33.137 36.809 40.788 49.738 60.125 0.01216 0.01225 0.01233 0.01251 0.01270 1.4009 1.2666 1.1474 0.9470 0.7871 60 70 80 85 90 72.092 85.788 101.37 109.92 118.99 0.01290 0.01311 0.01334 0.01346 0.01358 95 100 105 110 115 128.62 138.83 149.63 161.04 173.10 120 140 160 180 200 210 185.82 243.86 314.63 400.22 503.52 563.51 Enthalpy Btu/lb Sat. Liquid hf Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 0.00 2.83 5.71 7.17 8.65 95.82 94.49 93.10 92.38 91.64 95.82 97.32 98.81 99.55 100.29 0.0000 0.0067 0.0133 0.0166 0.0199 0.2283 0.2266 0.2250 0.2243 0.2236 240 230 220 215 210 92.66 93.33 94.01 94.68 95.35 10.13 11.63 13.14 14.66 16.20 90.89 90.12 89.33 88.53 87.71 101.02 101.75 102.47 103.19 103.90 0.0231 0.0264 0.0296 0.0329 0.0361 0.2230 0.2224 0.2219 0.2214 0.2209 25 0 5 10 15 17.67 19.22 20.78 23.94 27.14 96.02 96.69 97.35 98.67 99.98 17.74 19.30 20.87 24.05 27.28 86.87 86.02 85.14 83.34 81.46 104.61 105.32 106.01 107.39 108.74 0.0393 0.0426 0.0458 0.0522 0.0585 0.2205 0.2200 0.2196 0.2189 0.2183 20 25 30 40 50 0.6584 0.5538 0.4682 0.4312 0.3975 30.39 33.68 37.02 38.72 40.42 101.27 102.54 103.78 104.39 105.00 30.56 33.89 37.27 38.99 40.72 79.49 77.44 75.29 74.17 73.03 110.05 111.33 112.56 113.16 113.75 0.0648 0.0711 0.0774 0.0805 0.0836 0.2178 0.2173 0.2169 0.2167 0.2165 60 70 80 85 90 0.01371 0.01385 0.01399 0.01414 0.01429 0.3668 0.3388 0.3131 0.2896 0.2680 42.14 43.87 45.62 47.39 49.17 105.60 106.18 106.76 107.33 107.88 42.47 44.23 46.01 47.81 49.63 71.86 70.66 69.42 68.15 66.84 114.33 114.89 115.43 115.96 116.47 0.0867 0.0898 0.0930 0.0961 0.0992 0.2163 0.2161 0.2159 0.2157 0.2155 95 100 105 110 115 0.01445 0.01520 0.01617 0.01758 0.02014 0.02329 0.2481 0.1827 0.1341 0.0964 0.0647 0.0476 50.97 58.39 66.26 74.83 84.90 91.84 108.42 110.41 111.97 112.77 111.66 108.48 51.47 59.08 67.20 76.13 86.77 94.27 65.48 59.57 52.58 43.78 30.92 19.18 116.95 118.65 119.78 119.91 117.69 113.45 0.1023 0.1150 0.1280 0.1417 0.1575 0.1684 0.2153 0.2143 0.2128 0.2101 0.2044 0.1971 120 140 160 180 200 210 Source: Tables A-10E through A-12E are calculated based on equations from D. P. Wilson and R. S. Basu, “Thermodynamic Properties of a New Stratospherically Safe Working Fluid — Refrigerant 134a,” ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 94, Pt. 2, 1988, pp. 2095–2118. R-134a Specific Volume ft3/lb 958 Tables in English Units TABLE A-11E Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table R-134a Specific Volume ft3/lb Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Press. lbf/in.2 Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. lbf/in.2 5 10 15 20 30 253.48 229.71 214.25 22.48 15.38 0.01113 0.01143 0.01164 0.01181 0.01209 8.3508 4.3581 2.9747 2.2661 1.5408 23.74 2.89 7.36 10.84 16.24 86.07 89.30 91.40 93.00 95.40 23.73 2.91 7.40 10.89 16.31 97.53 94.45 92.27 90.50 87.65 93.79 97.37 99.66 101.39 103.96 20.0090 0.0068 0.0171 0.0248 0.0364 0.2311 0.2265 0.2242 0.2227 0.2209 5 10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 29.04 40.27 49.89 58.35 65.93 0.01232 0.01252 0.01270 0.01286 0.01302 1.1692 0.9422 0.7887 0.6778 0.5938 20.48 24.02 27.10 29.85 32.33 97.23 98.71 99.96 101.05 102.02 20.57 24.14 27.24 30.01 32.53 85.31 83.29 81.48 79.82 78.28 105.88 107.43 108.72 109.83 110.81 0.0452 0.0523 0.0584 0.0638 0.0686 0.2197 0.2189 0.2183 0.2179 0.2175 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 72.83 79.17 90.54 100.56 109.56 0.01317 0.01332 0.01360 0.01386 0.01412 0.5278 0.4747 0.3941 0.3358 0.2916 34.62 36.75 40.61 44.07 47.23 102.89 103.68 105.06 106.25 107.28 34.84 36.99 40.91 44.43 47.65 76.84 75.47 72.91 70.52 68.26 111.68 112.46 113.82 114.95 115.91 0.0729 0.0768 0.0839 0.0902 0.0958 0.2172 0.2169 0.2165 0.2161 0.2157 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 117.74 125.28 132.27 138.79 144.92 0.01438 0.01463 0.01489 0.01515 0.01541 0.2569 0.2288 0.2056 0.1861 0.1695 50.16 52.90 55.48 57.93 60.28 108.18 108.98 109.68 110.30 110.84 50.64 53.44 56.09 58.61 61.02 66.10 64.01 61.96 59.96 57.97 116.74 117.44 118.05 118.56 118.99 0.1009 0.1057 0.1101 0.1142 0.1181 0.2154 0.2151 0.2147 0.2144 0.2140 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 350 400 450 500 150.70 156.17 168.72 179.95 190.12 199.38 0.01568 0.01596 0.01671 0.01758 0.01863 0.02002 0.1550 0.1424 0.1166 0.0965 0.0800 0.0657 62.53 64.71 69.88 74.81 79.63 84.54 111.31 111.72 112.45 112.77 112.60 111.76 63.34 65.59 70.97 76.11 81.18 86.39 56.00 54.03 49.03 43.80 38.08 31.44 119.35 119.62 120.00 119.91 119.26 117.83 0.1219 0.1254 0.1338 0.1417 0.1493 0.1570 0.2136 0.2132 0.2118 0.2102 0.2079 0.2047 280 300 350 400 450 500 Tables in English Units 959 TABLE A-12E Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 10 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 229.718F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 15 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 214.258F) Sat. 220 0 4.3581 4.4718 4.7026 89.30 90.89 94.24 97.37 99.17 102.94 0.2265 0.2307 0.2391 2.9747 91.40 3.0893 93.84 102.42 0.2303 20 40 60 4.9297 5.1539 5.3758 97.67 101.19 104.80 106.79 110.72 114.74 0.2472 0.2553 0.2632 3.2468 3.4012 3.5533 97.33 100.89 104.54 106.34 110.33 114.40 0.2386 0.2468 0.2548 80 100 120 5.5959 5.8145 6.0318 108.50 112.29 116.18 118.85 123.05 127.34 0.2709 0.2786 0.2861 3.7034 3.8520 3.9993 108.28 112.10 116.01 118.56 122.79 127.11 0.2626 0.2703 0.2779 140 160 180 200 6.2482 6.4638 6.6786 6.8929 120.16 124.23 128.38 132.63 131.72 136.19 140.74 145.39 0.2935 0.3009 0.3081 0.3152 4.1456 4.2911 4.4359 4.5801 120.00 124.09 128.26 132.52 131.51 136.00 140.57 145.23 0.2854 0.2927 0.3000 0.3072 p 5 20 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 22.488F) 99.66 0.2242 p 5 30 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 15.388F) Sat. 0 20 2.2661 2.2816 2.4046 93.00 93.43 96.98 101.39 101.88 105.88 0.2227 0.2238 0.2323 1.5408 95.40 103.96 0.2209 1.5611 40 60 80 2.5244 2.6416 2.7569 100.59 104.28 108.05 109.94 114.06 118.25 0.2406 0.2487 0.2566 1.6465 1.7293 1.8098 96.26 104.92 0.2229 99.98 103.75 107.59 109.12 113.35 117.63 0.2315 0.2398 0.2478 100 120 140 2.8705 2.9829 3.0942 111.90 115.83 119.85 122.52 126.87 131.30 0.2644 0.2720 0.2795 1.8887 1.9662 2.0426 111.49 115.47 119.53 121.98 126.39 130.87 0.2558 0.2635 0.2711 160 180 200 220 3.2047 3.3144 3.4236 3.5323 123.95 128.13 132.40 136.76 135.81 140.40 145.07 149.83 0.2869 0.2922 0.3014 0.3085 2.1181 2.1929 2.2671 2.3407 123.66 127.88 132.17 136.55 135.42 140.05 144.76 149.54 0.2786 0.2859 0.2932 0.3003 p 5 40 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 29.048F) p 5 50 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 40.278F) Sat. 40 60 1.1692 1.2065 1.2723 97.23 99.33 103.20 105.88 108.26 112.62 0.2197 0.2245 0.2331 0.9422 0.9974 80 100 120 1.3357 1.3973 1.4575 107.11 111.08 115.11 117.00 121.42 125.90 0.2414 0.2494 0.2573 1.0508 1.1022 1.1520 140 160 180 1.5165 1.5746 1.6319 119.21 123.38 127.62 130.43 135.03 139.70 0.2650 0.2725 0.2799 1.2007 1.2484 1.2953 200 220 240 1.6887 1.7449 1.8006 131.94 136.34 140.81 144.44 149.25 154.14 0.2872 0.2944 0.3015 260 280 1.8561 1.9112 145.36 149.98 159.10 164.13 0.3085 0.3154 98.71 107.43 0.2189 102.62 111.85 0.2276 106.62 110.65 114.74 116.34 120.85 125.39 0.2361 0.2443 0.2523 118.88 123.08 127.36 129.99 134.64 139.34 0.2601 0.2677 0.2752 1.3415 1.3873 1.4326 131.71 136.12 140.61 144.12 148.96 153.87 0.2825 0.2897 0.2969 1.4775 1.5221 145.18 149.82 158.85 163.90 0.3039 0.3108 R-134a T 8F 960 Tables in English Units TABLE A-12E (Continued ) T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb R-134a p 5 60 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 49.898F) Sat. 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 0.7887 0.8135 0.8604 0.9051 0.9482 0.9900 1.0308 1.0707 1.1100 1.1488 1.1871 1.2251 1.2627 1.3001 99.96 102.03 106.11 110.21 114.35 118.54 122.79 127.10 131.47 135.91 140.42 145.00 149.65 154.38 108.72 111.06 115.66 120.26 124.88 129.53 134.23 138.98 143.79 148.66 153.60 158.60 163.67 168.81 0.5938 0.6211 0.6579 0.6927 0.7261 0.7584 0.7898 0.8205 0.8506 0.8803 0.9095 0.9384 0.9671 0.9955 102.02 105.03 109.30 113.56 117.85 122.18 126.55 130.98 135.47 140.02 144.63 149.32 154.06 158.88 110.81 114.23 119.04 123.82 128.60 133.41 138.25 143.13 148.06 153.05 158.10 163.21 168.38 173.62 0.2183 0.2229 0.2316 0.2399 0.2480 0.2559 0.2636 0.2712 0.2786 0.2859 0.2930 0.3001 0.3070 0.3139 0.6778 0.6814 0.7239 0.7640 0.8023 0.8393 0.8752 0.9103 0.9446 0.9784 1.0118 1.0448 1.0774 1.1098 0.4747 0.4761 0.5086 0.5388 0.5674 0.5947 0.6210 0.6466 0.6716 0.6960 0.7201 0.7438 0.7672 0.7904 103.68 103.87 108.32 112.73 117.13 121.55 125.99 130.48 135.02 139.61 144.26 148.98 153.75 158.59 112.46 112.68 117.73 122.70 127.63 132.55 137.49 142.45 147.45 152.49 157.59 162.74 167.95 173.21 s Btu/lb ? 8R 101.05 101.40 105.58 109.76 113.96 118.20 122.49 126.83 131.23 135.69 140.22 144.82 149.48 154.22 109.83 110.23 114.96 119.66 124.36 129.07 133.82 138.62 143.46 148.36 153.33 158.35 163.44 168.60 0.2179 0.2186 0.2276 0.2361 0.2444 0.2524 0.2601 0.2678 0.2752 0.2825 0.2897 0.2968 0.3038 0.3107 p 5 90 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 72.838F) 0.2175 0.2239 0.2327 0.2411 0.2492 0.2570 0.2647 0.2722 0.2796 0.2868 0.2940 0.3010 0.3079 0.3147 0.5278 0.5408 0.5751 0.6073 0.6380 0.6675 0.6961 0.7239 0.7512 0.7779 0.8043 0.8303 0.8561 0.8816 p 5 100 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 79.178F) Sat. 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 h Btu/lb p 5 70 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 58.358F) p 5 80 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 65.938F) Sat. 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 u Btu/lb 102.89 104.46 108.82 113.15 117.50 121.87 126.28 130.73 135.25 139.82 144.45 149.15 153.91 158.73 111.68 113.47 118.39 123.27 128.12 132.98 137.87 142.79 147.76 152.77 157.84 162.97 168.16 173.42 0.2172 0.2205 0.2295 0.2380 0.2463 0.2542 0.2620 0.2696 0.2770 0.2843 0.2914 0.2984 0.3054 0.3122 p 5 120 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 90.548F) 0.2169 0.2173 0.2265 0.2352 0.2436 0.2517 0.2595 0.2671 0.2746 0.2819 0.2891 0.2962 0.3031 0.3099 0.3941 105.06 113.82 0.2165 0.4080 0.4355 0.4610 0.4852 0.5082 0.5305 0.5520 0.5731 0.5937 0.6140 0.6339 0.6537 107.26 111.84 116.37 120.89 125.42 129.97 134.56 139.20 143.89 148.63 153.43 158.29 116.32 121.52 126.61 131.66 136.70 141.75 146.82 151.92 157.07 162.26 167.51 172.81 0.2210 0.2301 0.2387 0.2470 0.2550 0.2628 0.2704 0.2778 0.2850 0.2921 0.2991 0.3060 Tables in English Units 961 TABLE A-12E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 140 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 100.568F) Sat. 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 0.3358 0.3610 0.3846 0.4066 0.4274 0.4474 0.4666 0.4852 0.5034 0.5212 0.5387 0.5559 0.5730 0.5898 106.25 110.90 115.58 120.21 124.82 129.44 134.09 138.77 143.50 148.28 153.11 157.99 162.93 167.93 114.95 120.25 125.54 130.74 135.89 141.03 146.18 151.34 156.54 161.78 167.06 172.39 177.78 183.21 0.2569 0.2595 0.2814 0.3011 0.3191 0.3361 0.3523 0.3678 0.3828 0.3974 0.4116 0.4256 0.4393 0.4529 108.18 108.77 113.83 118.74 123.56 128.34 133.11 137.90 142.71 147.55 152.44 157.38 162.36 167.40 116.74 117.41 123.21 128.77 134.19 139.53 144.84 150.15 155.46 160.79 166.15 171.55 177.00 182.49 0.2161 0.2254 0.2344 0.2429 0.2511 0.2590 0.2667 0.2742 0.2815 0.2887 0.2957 0.3026 0.3094 0.3162 0.2916 0.3044 0.3269 0.3474 0.3666 0.3849 0.4023 0.4192 0.4356 0.4516 0.4672 0.4826 0.4978 0.5128 0.1424 0.1462 0.1633 0.1777 0.1905 0.2021 0.2130 0.2234 0.2333 0.2428 0.2521 0.2611 0.2699 0.2786 111.72 112.95 118.93 124.47 129.79 134.99 140.12 145.23 150.33 155.44 160.57 165.74 170.94 176.18 119.62 121.07 128.00 134.34 140.36 146.21 151.95 157.63 163.28 168.92 174.56 180.23 185.92 191.64 s Btu/lb ? 8R 107.28 109.88 114.73 119.49 124.20 128.90 133.61 138.34 143.11 147.92 152.78 157.69 162.65 167.67 115.91 118.89 124.41 129.78 135.06 140.29 145.52 150.75 156.00 161.29 166.61 171.98 177.39 182.85 0.2157 0.2209 0.2303 0.2391 0.2475 0.2555 0.2633 0.2709 0.2783 0.2856 0.2927 0.2996 0.3065 0.3132 p 5 200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 125.288F) 0.2154 0.2166 0.2264 0.2355 0.2441 0.2524 0.2603 0.2680 0.2755 0.2828 0.2899 0.2969 0.3038 0.3106 0.2288 108.98 117.44 0.2151 0.2446 0.2636 0.2809 0.2970 0.3121 0.3266 0.3405 0.3540 0.3671 0.3799 0.3926 0.4050 112.87 117.94 122.88 127.76 132.60 137.44 142.30 147.18 152.10 157.07 162.07 167.13 121.92 127.70 133.28 138.75 144.15 149.53 154.90 160.28 165.69 171.13 176.60 182.12 0.2226 0.2321 0.2410 0.2494 0.2575 0.2653 0.2728 0.2802 0.2874 0.2945 0.3014 0.3082 p 5 300 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 156.178F) Sat. 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 h Btu/lb p 5 160 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 109.558F) p 5 180 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 117.748F) Sat. 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 u Btu/lb p 5 400 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 179.958F) 0.2132 0.2155 0.2265 0.2363 0.2453 0.2537 0.2618 0.2696 0.2772 0.2845 0.2916 0.2986 0.3055 0.3122 0.0965 112.77 119.91 0.2102 0.0965 0.1143 0.1275 0.1386 0.1484 0.1575 0.1660 0.1740 0.1816 0.1890 0.1962 0.2032 112.79 120.14 126.35 132.12 137.65 143.06 148.39 153.69 158.97 164.26 169.57 174.90 119.93 128.60 135.79 142.38 148.64 154.72 160.67 166.57 172.42 178.26 184.09 189.94 0.2102 0.2235 0.2343 0.2438 0.2527 0.2610 0.2689 0.2766 0.2840 0.2912 0.2983 0.3051 R-134a T 8F 962 Tables in English Units TABLE A-13E Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume ft3/lb Ammonia Temp. 8F Press. lbf/in.2 Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 260 255 250 245 240 5.548 6.536 7.664 8.949 10.405 0.02278 0.02288 0.02299 0.02310 0.02322 44.7537 38.3991 33.0880 28.6284 24.8672 221.005 215.765 210.525 25.295 20.045 543.61 545.11 546.59 548.04 549.46 220.97 215.73 210.49 25.25 0.00 610.56 607.31 604.04 600.72 597.37 589.58 591.58 593.54 595.48 597.37 20.0512 20.0381 20.0253 20.0126 0.0000 1.4765 1.4627 1.4492 1.4361 1.4235 260 255 250 245 240 235 230 225 220 215 12.049 13.899 15.972 18.290 20.871 0.02333 0.02345 0.02357 0.02369 0.02381 21.6812 18.9715 16.6577 14.6744 12.9682 5.20 10.46 15.73 21.01 26.31 550.86 552.24 553.59 554.91 556.20 5.26 10.52 15.80 21.09 26.40 593.98 590.54 587.05 583.51 579.92 599.24 601.06 602.85 604.61 606.32 0.0124 0.0247 0.0369 0.0490 0.0610 1.4111 1.3992 1.3875 1.3762 1.3652 235 230 225 220 215 210 25 0 5 10 23.738 26.912 30.416 34.275 38.512 0.02393 0.02406 0.02419 0.02432 0.02446 11.4951 10.2190 9.1100 8.1430 7.2974 31.63 36.96 42.32 47.69 53.09 557.46 558.70 559.91 561.08 562.23 31.73 37.08 42.45 47.85 53.27 576.26 572.54 568.76 564.92 561.00 607.99 609.62 611.22 612.76 614.27 0.0729 0.0847 0.0964 0.1080 0.1196 1.3544 1.3440 1.3338 1.3238 1.3141 210 25 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 43.153 48.224 53.752 59.765 66.291 0.02460 0.02474 0.02488 0.02503 0.02517 6.5556 5.9032 5.3278 4.8188 4.3675 58.52 63.97 69.43 74.93 80.44 563.34 564.43 565.48 566.49 567.48 58.72 64.19 69.68 75.20 80.75 557.01 552.95 548.82 544.62 540.34 615.73 617.14 618.51 619.82 621.09 0.1311 0.1425 0.1539 0.1651 0.1764 1.3046 1.2953 1.2862 1.2774 1.2687 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 73.359 81.000 89.242 98.118 107.66 0.02533 0.02548 0.02564 0.02581 0.02597 3.9664 3.6090 3.2897 3.0040 2.7476 85.98 91.55 97.13 102.73 108.35 568.42 569.33 570.21 571.04 571.83 86.33 91.93 97.55 103.20 108.87 535.97 531.54 527.02 522.42 517.74 622.30 623.46 624.57 625.62 626.61 0.1875 0.1986 0.2096 0.2205 0.2314 1.2602 1.2518 1.2436 1.2356 1.2277 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 117.90 128.87 140.60 153.13 166.50 180.73 0.02614 0.02632 0.02650 0.02668 0.02687 0.02707 2.5171 2.3095 2.1220 1.9524 1.7988 1.6593 113.99 119.65 125.33 131.02 136.73 142.46 572.59 573.29 573.95 574.57 575.13 575.65 114.56 120.28 126.02 131.78 137.56 143.37 512.97 508.12 503.18 498.15 493.03 487.81 627.54 628.40 629.20 629.93 630.59 631.18 0.2422 0.2530 0.2636 0.2742 0.2848 0.2953 1.2199 1.2123 1.2048 1.1973 1.1900 1.1827 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 195.87 211.96 229.02 247.10 266.24 286.47 0.02727 0.02747 0.02768 0.02790 0.02813 0.02836 1.5324 1.4168 1.3113 1.2149 1.1266 1.0456 148.21 153.98 159.76 165.58 171.41 177.28 576.10 576.51 576.85 577.13 577.34 577.48 149.20 155.05 160.94 166.85 172.80 178.79 482.49 477.06 471.52 465.86 460.08 454.16 631.68 632.11 632.46 632.71 632.88 632.95 0.3057 0.3161 0.3264 0.3366 0.3469 0.3570 1.1756 1.1685 1.1614 1.1544 1.1475 1.1405 95 100 105 110 115 120 Source: Tables A-13E through A-15E are calculated based on equations from L. Haar and J. S. Gallagher, “Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia,” J. Phys. Chem. Reference Data, Vol. 7, 1978, pp. 635–792. 963 Tables in English Units TABLE A-14E Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Press. lbf/in.2 Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 5 6 7 8 9 263.10 257.63 252.86 248.63 244.81 0.02271 0.02283 0.02293 0.02302 0.02311 49.320 41.594 36.014 31.790 28.477 224.24 218.51 213.52 29.09 25.09 542.67 544.32 545.74 546.98 548.09 224.22 218.49 213.49 29.06 25.05 612.56 609.02 605.92 603.13 600.60 588.33 590.54 592.42 594.08 595.55 20.0593 20.0450 20.0326 20.0218 20.0121 1.4853 1.4699 1.4569 1.4456 1.4357 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 241.33 235.14 229.74 224.94 220.60 0.02319 0.02333 0.02345 0.02357 0.02367 25.807 21.764 18.843 16.631 14.896 21.44 5.06 10.73 15.80 20.38 549.09 550.82 552.31 553.60 554.75 21.40 5.11 10.79 15.87 20.46 598.27 594.08 590.36 587.01 583.94 596.87 599.18 601.16 602.88 604.40 20.0033 0.0121 0.0254 0.0371 0.0476 1.4268 1.4115 1.3986 1.3874 1.3775 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 216.63 27.95 20.57 5.89 11.65 0.02377 0.02399 0.02418 0.02435 0.02450 13.497 10.950 9.229 7.984 7.041 24.58 33.81 41.71 48.65 54.89 555.78 557.97 559.77 561.29 562.60 24.67 33.92 41.84 48.81 55.07 581.10 574.75 569.20 564.22 559.69 605.76 608.67 611.04 613.03 614.76 0.0571 0.0777 0.0951 0.1101 0.1234 1.3687 1.3501 1.3349 1.3221 1.3109 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 16.87 21.65 26.07 30.19 34.04 0.02465 0.02478 0.02491 0.02503 0.02515 6.302 5.705 5.213 4.801 4.450 60.56 65.77 70.61 75.13 79.39 563.75 564.78 565.70 566.53 567.29 60.76 66.00 70.86 75.41 79.69 555.50 551.59 547.93 544.46 541.16 616.26 617.60 618.79 619.87 620.85 0.1354 0.1463 0.1563 0.1656 0.1742 1.3011 1.2923 1.2843 1.2770 1.2703 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 37.67 41.11 44.37 47.47 50.44 0.02526 0.02536 0.02546 0.02556 0.02566 4.1473 3.8837 3.6520 3.4466 3.2632 83.40 87.21 90.84 94.30 97.62 567.99 568.63 569.22 569.77 570.28 83.73 87.57 91.22 94.71 98.05 538.01 535.00 532.10 529.31 526.62 621.74 622.56 623.32 624.02 624.66 0.1823 0.1900 0.1972 0.2040 0.2106 1.2641 1.2583 1.2529 1.2478 1.2429 70 75 80 85 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 56.01 61.17 65.98 70.50 74.75 78.78 0.02584 0.02601 0.02618 0.02634 0.02649 0.02664 2.9497 2.6913 2.4745 2.2899 2.1309 1.9923 103.87 109.68 115.11 120.21 125.04 129.63 571.21 572.01 572.73 573.36 573.92 574.42 104.35 110.20 115.69 120.85 125.73 130.37 521.48 516.63 512.02 507.64 503.43 499.39 625.82 626.83 627.71 628.48 629.16 629.76 0.2227 0.2340 0.2443 0.2540 0.2631 0.2717 1.2340 1.2259 1.2184 1.2115 1.2051 1.1991 100 110 120 130 140 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 88.02 96.31 103.85 110.78 117.20 123.20 0.02699 0.02732 0.02764 0.02794 0.02823 0.02851 1.7128 1.5010 1.3348 1.2007 1.0901 0.9974 140.19 149.72 158.43 166.48 173.99 181.05 575.45 576.21 576.77 577.16 577.41 577.54 141.07 150.73 159.58 167.77 175.43 182.63 489.89 481.07 472.80 464.97 457.49 450.31 630.95 631.80 632.38 632.74 632.92 632.94 0.2911 0.3084 0.3240 0.3382 0.3513 0.3635 1.1856 1.1737 1.1630 1.1533 1.1444 1.1361 175 200 225 250 275 300 Press. lbf/in.2 Ammonia Specific Volume ft3/lb 964 Tables in English Units TABLE A-15E Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 6 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 257.638F) h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 8 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 248.638F) Sat. 250 240 41.594 42.435 43.533 544.32 547.22 551.03 590.54 594.37 599.40 1.4699 1.4793 1.4915 31.790 546.98 594.08 1.4456 32.511 550.32 598.49 1.4562 230 220 210 44.627 45.715 46.800 554.84 558.66 562.47 604.42 609.45 614.47 1.5033 1.5149 1.5261 33.342 34.169 34.992 554.19 558.06 561.93 603.58 608.68 613.76 1.4682 1.4799 1.4914 0 10 20 47.882 48.960 50.035 566.29 570.12 573.95 619.49 624.51 629.54 1.5372 1.5480 1.5586 35.811 36.627 37.440 565.79 569.66 573.52 618.84 623.91 628.99 1.5025 1.5135 1.5241 30 40 50 60 51.108 52.179 53.247 54.314 577.78 581.63 585.49 589.35 634.57 639.60 644.64 649.70 1.5690 1.5791 1.5891 1.5990 38.250 39.058 39.865 40.669 577.40 581.27 585.16 589.05 634.06 639.13 644.21 649.29 1.5346 1.5449 1.5549 1.5648 p 5 10 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 241.338F) Ammonia u Btu/lb p 5 12 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 235.148F) Sat. 240 230 25.807 25.897 26.571 549.09 549.61 553.54 596.87 597.56 602.74 1.4268 1.4284 1.4406 21.764 550.82 599.18 1.4115 22.056 552.87 601.88 1.4178 220 210 0 27.241 27.906 28.568 557.46 561.37 565.29 607.90 613.05 618.19 1.4525 1.4641 1.4754 22.621 23.182 23.739 556.85 560.82 564.78 607.12 612.33 617.53 1.4298 1.4416 1.4530 10 20 30 29.227 29.882 30.535 569.19 573.10 577.01 623.31 628.43 633.55 1.4864 1.4972 1.5078 24.293 24.843 25.392 568.73 572.67 576.61 622.71 627.88 633.03 1.4642 1.4750 1.4857 40 50 60 70 31.186 31.835 32.482 33.127 580.91 584.82 588.74 592.66 638.66 643.77 648.89 654.01 1.5181 1.5282 1.5382 1.5479 25.937 26.481 27.023 27.564 580.55 584.49 588.43 592.38 638.19 643.33 648.48 653.63 1.4961 1.5063 1.5163 1.5261 p 5 14 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 229.748F) p 5 16 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 224.948F) Sat. 220 210 18.843 19.321 19.807 552.31 556.24 560.26 601.16 606.33 611.61 1.3986 1.4105 1.4223 16.631 16.845 17.275 553.60 555.62 559.69 602.88 605.53 610.88 1.3874 1.3935 1.4055 0 10 20 20.289 20.768 21.244 564.27 568.26 572.24 616.86 622.10 627.31 1.4339 1.4452 1.4562 17.701 18.124 18.544 563.75 567.79 571.81 616.19 621.48 626.75 1.4172 1.4286 1.4397 30 40 50 21.717 22.188 22.657 576.22 580.19 584.16 632.52 637.71 642.89 1.4669 1.4774 1.4877 18.961 19.376 19.789 575.82 579.82 583.82 632.00 637.23 642.45 1.4505 1.4611 1.4714 60 70 80 90 23.124 23.590 24.054 24.517 588.12 592.09 596.07 600.04 648.07 653.25 658.42 663.60 1.4977 1.5076 1.5173 1.5268 20.200 20.609 21.017 21.424 587.81 591.80 595.80 599.80 647.66 652.86 658.07 663.27 1.4815 1.4915 1.5012 1.5107 Tables in English Units 965 TABLE A-15E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 18 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 220.608F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 20 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 216.638F) Sat. 220 210 14.896 14.919 15.306 554.75 555.00 559.13 604.40 604.72 610.14 1.3775 1.3783 1.3905 13.497 555.78 605.76 1.3687 13.730 558.55 609.40 1.3769 0 10 20 15.688 16.068 16.444 563.23 567.31 571.37 615.52 620.87 626.18 1.4023 1.4138 1.4250 14.078 14.422 14.764 562.70 566.83 570.94 614.84 620.24 625.61 1.3888 1.4005 1.4118 30 40 50 16.818 17.189 17.558 575.42 579.46 583.48 631.47 636.75 642.00 1.4359 1.4466 1.4570 15.103 15.439 15.773 575.02 579.09 583.14 630.95 636.26 641.55 1.4228 1.4335 1.4440 60 70 80 90 17.925 18.291 18.655 19.018 587.50 591.52 595.53 599.55 647.25 652.48 657.71 662.94 1.4672 1.4772 1.4869 1.4965 16.105 16.436 16.765 17.094 587.19 591.23 595.26 599.30 646.83 652.10 657.35 662.60 1.4543 1.4643 1.4741 1.4838 p 5 30 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 20.578F) p 5 40 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 11.658F) Sat. 0 10 9.2286 9.2425 9.4834 559.77 560.02 564.38 611.04 611.36 617.07 1.3349 1.3356 1.3479 7.0414 562.60 614.76 1.3109 20 30 40 9.7209 9.9554 10.187 568.70 572.97 577.21 622.70 628.28 633.80 1.3598 1.3713 1.3824 7.1965 7.3795 7.5597 566.39 570.86 575.28 619.69 625.52 631.28 1.3213 1.3333 1.3450 50 60 70 10.417 10.645 10.871 581.42 585.60 589.76 639.28 644.73 650.15 1.3933 1.4039 1.4142 7.7376 7.9134 8.0874 579.65 583.97 588.26 636.96 642.58 648.16 1.3562 1.3672 1.3778 80 90 100 110 11.096 11.319 11.541 11.762 593.90 598.04 602.16 606.28 655.54 660.91 666.27 671.62 1.4243 1.4342 1.4438 1.4533 8.2598 8.4308 8.6006 8.7694 592.52 596.75 600.97 605.17 653.69 659.20 664.67 670.12 1.3881 1.3982 1.4081 1.4178 p 5 50 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 21.658F) p 5 60 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 30.198F) Sat. 40 60 5.7049 5.9815 6.2733 564.78 573.30 582.31 617.60 628.68 640.39 1.2923 1.3149 1.3379 4.8009 4.9278 5.1788 566.53 571.25 580.60 619.87 626.00 638.14 1.2770 1.2894 1.3133 80 100 120 6.5574 6.8358 7.1097 591.10 599.75 608.30 651.82 663.04 674.13 1.3595 1.3799 1.3993 5.4218 5.6587 5.8910 589.66 598.52 607.23 649.90 661.39 672.68 1.3355 1.3564 1.3762 140 160 200 7.3802 7.6480 8.1776 616.80 625.28 642.27 685.13 696.09 717.99 1.4180 1.4360 1.4702 6.1198 6.3458 6.7916 615.86 624.44 641.59 683.85 694.95 717.05 1.3951 1.4133 1.4479 240 280 320 360 8.7016 9.2218 9.7391 10.254 659.44 676.88 694.65 712.79 740.00 762.26 784.82 807.73 1.5026 1.5336 1.5633 1.5919 7.2318 7.6679 8.1013 8.5325 658.87 676.38 694.21 712.40 739.21 761.58 784.22 807.20 1.4805 1.5116 1.5414 1.5702 Ammonia T 8F 966 Tables in English Units TABLE A-15E (Continued) T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 70 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 37.678F) h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 80 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 44.378F) Sat. 40 60 4.1473 4.1739 4.3962 567.99 569.15 578.85 621.74 623.25 635.84 1.2641 1.2671 1.2918 3.6520 623.32 1.2529 3.8084 80 100 120 4.6100 4.8175 5.0202 588.19 597.26 606.14 647.95 659.70 671.22 1.3147 1.3361 1.3563 4.0006 4.1862 4.3668 577.06 633.48 1.2727 586.69 595.98 605.04 645.95 657.99 669.73 1.2963 1.3182 1.3388 140 160 200 5.2193 5.4154 5.8015 614.91 623.60 640.91 682.56 693.79 716.11 1.3756 1.3940 1.4289 4.5436 4.7175 5.0589 613.94 622.74 640.22 681.25 692.63 715.16 1.3583 1.3770 1.4122 240 280 320 6.1818 6.5580 6.9314 658.29 675.89 693.78 738.42 760.89 783.62 1.4617 1.4929 1.5229 5.3942 5.7256 6.0540 657.71 675.39 693.34 737.62 760.20 783.02 1.4453 1.4767 1.5067 360 400 7.3026 7.6721 712.02 730.63 806.67 830.08 1.5517 1.5796 6.3802 6.7047 711.63 730.29 806.15 829.61 1.5357 1.5636 p 5 90 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 50.448F) Ammonia u Btu/lb 569.22 p 5 100 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 56.018F) Sat. 60 80 3.2632 3.3504 3.5261 570.28 575.22 585.15 624.66 631.05 643.91 1.2429 1.2553 1.2796 2.9497 2.9832 3.1460 571.21 573.32 583.58 625.82 628.56 641.83 1.2340 1.2393 1.2644 100 120 140 3.6948 3.8584 4.0180 594.68 603.92 612.97 656.26 668.22 679.93 1.3021 1.3231 1.3430 3.3014 3.4513 3.5972 593.35 602.79 611.98 654.49 666.70 678.59 1.2874 1.3088 1.3290 160 200 240 4.1746 4.4812 4.7817 621.88 639.52 657.13 691.45 714.20 736.82 1.3619 1.3974 1.4307 3.7401 4.0189 4.2916 621.01 638.82 656.54 690.27 713.24 736.01 1.3481 1.3841 1.4176 280 320 360 400 5.0781 5.3715 5.6628 5.9522 674.89 692.90 711.24 729.95 759.52 782.42 805.62 829.14 1.4623 1.4924 1.5214 1.5495 4.5600 4.8255 5.0888 5.3503 674.39 692.47 710.86 729.60 758.82 781.82 805.09 828.68 1.4493 1.4796 1.5087 1.5368 p 5 110 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 61.178F) p 5 120 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 65.988F) Sat. 80 100 2.6913 2.8344 2.9791 572.01 581.97 592.00 626.83 639.71 652.69 1.2259 1.2502 1.2738 2.4745 2.5744 2.7102 572.73 580.33 590.63 627.71 637.53 650.85 1.2184 1.2369 1.2611 120 140 160 3.1181 3.2528 3.3844 601.63 610.98 620.13 665.14 677.24 689.07 1.2957 1.3162 1.3356 2.8401 2.9657 3.0879 600.46 609.97 619.24 663.57 675.86 687.86 1.2834 1.3043 1.3240 200 240 280 3.6406 3.8905 4.1362 638.11 655.96 673.88 712.27 735.20 758.13 1.3719 1.4056 1.4375 3.3254 3.5563 3.7829 637.40 655.36 673.37 711.29 734.39 757.43 1.3606 1.3946 1.4266 320 360 400 4.3788 4.6192 4.8578 692.02 710.47 729.26 781.22 804.56 828.21 1.4679 1.4971 1.5252 4.0065 4.2278 4.4473 691.58 710.08 728.92 780.61 804.02 827.74 1.4572 1.4864 1.5147 Tables in English Units 967 TABLE A-15E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 130 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 70.508F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 140 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 74.758F) Sat. 80 100 2.2899 2.3539 2.4824 573.36 578.64 589.23 628.48 635.30 648.98 1.2115 1.2243 1.2492 2.1309 2.1633 2.2868 573.92 576.80 587.79 629.16 632.89 647.08 1.2051 1.2119 1.2379 120 140 160 2.6048 2.7226 2.8370 599.27 608.94 618.34 661.97 674.48 686.64 1.2720 1.2932 1.3132 2.4004 2.5140 2.6204 597.85 607.90 617.34 660.08 673.07 685.27 1.2604 1.2828 1.3025 180 200 240 2.9488 3.0585 3.2734 627.57 636.69 654.77 698.55 710.31 733.57 1.3321 1.3502 1.3844 2.7268 2.8289 3.0304 626.77 635.93 654.17 697.46 709.27 732.73 1.3222 1.3401 1.3747 280 320 360 400 3.4840 3.6915 3.8966 4.1000 672.87 691.14 709.69 728.57 756.73 780.00 803.49 827.27 1.4166 1.4472 1.4766 1.5049 3.2274 3.4212 3.6126 3.8022 672.38 690.73 709.34 728.27 756.04 779.42 802.99 826.84 1.4071 1.4379 1.4674 1.4958 p 5 150 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 78.788F) p 5 200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 96.318F) Sat. 100 140 1.9923 2.1170 2.3332 574.42 586.33 606.84 629.76 645.13 671.65 1.1991 1.2271 1.2729 1.5010 1.5190 1.6984 576.21 578.52 601.34 631.80 634.77 664.24 1.1737 1.1790 1.2299 180 220 260 2.5343 2.7268 2.9137 625.95 644.43 662.70 696.35 720.17 743.63 1.3128 1.3489 1.3825 1.8599 2.0114 2.1569 621.77 641.07 659.90 690.65 715.57 739.78 1.2726 1.3104 1.3450 300 340 380 3.0968 3.2773 3.4558 681.02 699.54 718.35 767.04 790.57 814.34 1.4141 1.4443 1.4733 2.2984 2.4371 2.5736 678.62 697.44 716.50 763.74 787.70 811.81 1.3774 1.4081 1.4375 420 460 500 3.6325 3.8079 3.9821 737.50 757.01 776.91 838.39 862.78 887.51 1.5013 1.5284 1.5548 2.7085 2.8420 2.9742 735.86 755.57 775.65 836.17 860.82 885.80 1.4659 1.4933 1.5199 540 580 4.1553 4.3275 797.19 817.85 912.60 938.05 1.5804 1.6053 3.1054 3.2357 796.10 816.94 911.11 936.77 1.5457 1.5709 p 5 250 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 110.788F) p 5 300 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 123.208F) Sat. 140 180 1.2007 1.3150 1.4539 577.16 595.40 617.38 632.74 656.28 684.69 1.1533 1.1936 1.2395 0.9974 1.0568 1.1822 577.54 588.94 612.75 632.94 647.65 678.42 1.1361 1.1610 1.2107 220 260 300 1.5816 1.7025 1.8191 637.61 657.03 676.17 710.82 735.85 760.39 1.2791 1.3149 1.3481 1.2944 1.3992 1.4994 634.01 654.09 673.69 705.91 731.82 756.98 1.2524 1.2895 1.3235 340 380 420 1.9328 2.0443 2.1540 695.32 714.63 734.22 784.79 809.27 833.93 1.3794 1.4093 1.4380 1.5965 1.6913 1.7843 693.16 712.74 732.55 781.85 806.70 831.67 1.3554 1.3857 1.4148 460 500 540 580 2.2624 2.3695 2.4755 2.5807 754.12 774.38 795.01 816.01 858.85 884.07 909.61 935.47 1.4657 1.4925 1.5186 1.5440 1.8759 1.9663 2.0556 2.1440 752.66 773.10 793.90 815.07 856.87 882.33 908.09 934.17 1.4428 1.4699 1.4962 1.5218 Ammonia T 8F 968 Tables in English Units TABLE A-16E Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume ft3/lb Temp. 8F Propane 2140 2120 2100 280 260 Press. lbf/in.2 0.6053 1.394 2.888 5.485 9.688 Sat. Liquid vf Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy Btu/lb Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. 8F 0.02505 0.02551 0.02601 0.02653 0.02708 128.00 58.88 29.93 16.52 9.75 251.33 241.44 231.34 221.16 210.73 139.22 143.95 148.80 153.73 158.74 251.33 241.43 231.33 221.13 210.68 204.9 200.6 196.1 191.6 186.9 153.6 159.1 164.8 170.5 176.2 20.139 20.109 20.080 20.053 20.026 0.501 0.481 0.465 0.452 0.441 2140 2120 2100 280 260 20.08 10.81 21.98 27.69 33.47 163.80 168.88 174.01 176.61 179.15 0.00 10.94 22.19 27.94 33.78 181.9 176.6 171.0 168.0 164.9 181.9 187.6 193.2 196.0 198.7 0.000 0.025 0.050 0.063 0.074 0.433 0.427 0.422 0.420 0.418 240 220 0 10 20 240 220 0 10 20 16.1 25.4 38.4 46.5 55.8 0.02767 0.02831 0.02901 0.02939 0.02978 6.08 3.98 2.70 2.25 1.89 30 40 50 60 70 66.5 78.6 92.3 107.7 124.9 0.03020 0.03063 0.03110 0.03160 0.03213 1.598 1.359 1.161 0.9969 0.8593 39.34 45.30 51.36 57.53 63.81 181.71 184.30 186.74 189.30 191.71 39.71 45.75 51.89 58.16 64.55 161.7 158.3 154.7 151.0 147.0 201.4 204.1 206.6 209.2 211.6 0.087 0.099 0.111 0.123 0.135 0.417 0.415 0.414 0.413 0.412 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 144.0 165.2 188.6 214.3 242.5 0.03270 0.03332 0.03399 0.03473 0.03555 0.7433 0.6447 0.5605 0.4881 0.4254 70.20 76.72 83.38 90.19 97.16 194.16 196.46 198.71 200.91 202.98 71.07 77.74 84.56 91.56 98.76 142.9 138.4 133.7 128.7 123.3 214.0 216.2 218.3 220.3 222.1 0.147 0.159 0.171 0.183 0.195 0.411 0.410 0.410 0.409 0.408 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 273.3 306.9 343.5 383.3 426.5 0.03646 0.03749 0.03867 0.04006 0.04176 0.3707 0.3228 0.2804 0.2426 0.2085 104.33 111.70 119.33 127.27 135.60 204.92 206.64 208.05 209.16 209.81 106.17 113.83 121.79 130.11 138.90 117.5 111.1 104.1 96.3 87.4 223.7 225.0 225.9 226.4 226.3 0.207 0.220 0.233 0.246 0.259 0.406 0.405 0.403 0.401 0.398 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 206.1 473.4 524.3 579.7 616.1 0.04392 0.04696 0.05246 0.07265 0.1771 0.1470 0.1148 0.07265 144.50 154.38 166.65 186.99 209.76 208.51 204.16 186.99 148.35 158.94 172.28 195.27 76.9 63.8 44.2 0.0 225.3 222.8 216.5 195.27 0.273 0.289 0.309 0.343 0.394 0.387 0.376 0.343 180 190 200 206.1 969 Tables in English Units TABLE A-17E Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Temp. 8F Sat. Liquid vf 2135.1 2118.1 298.9 283.0 269.3 0.02516 0.02556 0.02603 0.02644 0.02682 10 20 30 40 50 258.8 230.7 212.1 2.1 13.9 0.02711 0.02796 0.02858 0.02909 0.02954 60 70 80 90 100 24.1 33.0 41.1 48.4 55.1 120 140 160 180 200 Enthalpy Btu/lb Entropy Btu/lb ? 8R Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. lbf/in.2 248.93 240.44 230.84 222.75 215.60 140.36 144.40 149.06 152.96 156.40 248.93 240.43 230.83 222.73 215.56 203.8 200.1 196.0 192.4 189.1 154.9 159.7 165.1 169.6 173.6 20.132 20.106 20.079 20.057 20.038 0.496 0.479 0.464 0.454 0.446 0.75 1.5 3 5 7.5 9.468 4.971 3.402 2.594 2.099 210.10 4.93 15.15 23.19 29.96 159.04 166.18 170.93 174.60 177.63 210.05 5.03 15.31 23.41 30.23 186.6 179.5 174.5 170.4 166.8 176.6 184.6 189.8 193.8 197.1 20.024 0.012 0.035 0.053 0.067 0.441 0.430 0.425 0.422 0.419 10 20 30 40 50 0.02995 0.03033 0.03068 0.03102 0.03135 1.764 1.520 1.336 1.190 1.073 35.86 41.14 45.95 50.38 54.52 180.23 182.50 184.57 186.36 188.07 36.19 41.53 46.40 50.90 55.10 163.6 160.6 157.9 155.3 152.8 199.8 202.2 204.3 206.2 207.9 0.079 0.090 0.100 0.109 0.117 0.418 0.416 0.415 0.414 0.414 60 70 80 90 100 67.2 78.0 87.6 96.5 104.6 0.03198 0.03258 0.03317 0.03375 0.03432 0.8945 0.7650 0.6665 0.5890 0.5261 62.08 68.91 75.17 80.99 86.46 191.07 193.68 195.97 197.97 199.77 62.79 69.75 76.15 82.12 87.73 148.1 143.7 139.5 135.5 131.4 210.9 213.5 215.7 217.6 219.2 0.131 0.144 0.156 0.166 0.176 0.412 0.412 0.411 0.410 0.409 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 112.1 119.2 125.8 132.1 138.0 0.03489 0.03547 0.03606 0.03666 0.03727 0.4741 0.4303 0.3928 0.3604 0.3319 91.64 96.56 101.29 105.83 110.21 201.37 202.76 204.07 205.27 206.27 93.06 98.14 103.0 107.7 112.3 127.6 123.7 120.0 116.1 112.4 220.7 221.9 223.0 223.9 224.7 0.185 0.194 0.202 0.210 0.217 0.408 0.408 0.407 0.406 0.405 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 143.7 149.1 154.2 159.2 164.0 0.03790 0.03855 0.03923 0.03994 0.04069 0.3067 0.2842 0.2639 0.2455 0.2287 114.47 118.60 122.66 126.61 130.51 207.17 207.96 208.58 209.07 209.47 116.7 121.0 125.3 129.4 133.5 108.6 104.7 100.9 97.0 93.0 225.3 225.8 226.2 226.4 226.5 0.224 0.231 0.238 0.245 0.251 0.404 0.403 0.402 0.401 0.400 320 340 360 380 400 450 500 600 616.1 175.1 185.3 203.4 206.1 0.04278 0.04538 0.05659 0.07265 0.1921 0.1610 0.1003 0.07265 140.07 149.61 172.85 186.99 209.87 209.27 200.27 186.99 143.6 153.8 179.1 195.3 82.2 70.4 32.2 0.0 225.9 224.2 211.4 195.3 0.266 0.282 0.319 0.343 0.396 0.391 0.367 0.343 450 500 600 616.1 Press. lbf/in.2 0.75 1.5 3 5 7.5 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy Btu/lb 104.8 54.99 28.9 18.00 12.36 Propane Specific Volume ft3/lb 970 Tables in English Units TABLE A-18E Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 0.75 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 2135.18F) h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 1.5 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 2118.18F) Sat. 2130 2110 104.8 106.5 113.1 140.4 141.6 146.6 154.9 156.4 162.3 0.496 0.501 0.518 54.99 144.4 159.7 0.479 56.33 146.5 162.1 0.486 290 270 250 119.6 126.1 132.7 151.8 157.2 162.7 168.4 174.7 181.2 0.535 0.551 0.568 59.63 62.92 66.20 151.7 157.1 162.6 168.2 174.5 181.0 0.503 0.520 0.536 230 210 10 139.2 145.7 152.2 168.6 174.4 180.7 187.9 194.7 201.9 0.584 0.599 0.615 69.47 72.74 76.01 168.4 174.4 180.7 187.7 194.6 201.8 0.552 0.568 0.583 30 50 70 90 158.7 165.2 171.7 178.2 187.1 193.8 200.7 207.8 209.2 216.8 224.6 232.6 0.630 0.645 0.660 0.675 79.27 82.53 85.79 89.04 187.1 193.8 200.7 207.8 209.1 216.7 224.5 232.5 0.599 0.614 0.629 0.644 p 5 5.0 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 283.08F) Propane u Btu/lb p 5 10 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 258.88F) Sat. 280 260 18.00 18.15 19.17 153.0 153.8 159.4 169.6 170.6 177.1 0.454 0.456 0.473 9.468 159.0 176.6 0.441 240 220 0 20.17 21.17 22.17 165.1 171.1 177.2 183.8 190.7 197.7 0.489 0.505 0.521 9.957 10.47 10.98 164.5 170.5 176.7 183.0 190.0 197.1 0.456 0.473 0.489 20 40 60 23.16 24.15 25.14 183.5 190.1 196.9 205.0 212.5 220.2 0.536 0.552 0.567 11.49 11.99 12.49 183.1 189.7 196.6 204.5 212.0 219.8 0.504 0.520 0.535 80 100 120 140 26.13 27.11 28.09 29.07 204.0 211.3 218.8 226.5 228.2 236.4 244.8 253.4 0.582 0.597 0.611 0.626 12.99 13.49 13.99 14.48 203.6 210.9 218.5 226.2 227.8 236.0 244.4 253.1 0.550 0.565 0.580 0.594 p 5 20.0 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 230.78F) p 5 40.0 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 2.18F) Sat. 220 0 4.971 5.117 5.385 166.2 169.5 175.8 184.6 188.5 195.8 0.430 0.439 0.455 2.594 174.6 193.8 0.422 20 40 60 5.648 5.909 6.167 182.4 189.1 195.9 203.3 211.0 218.8 0.471 0.487 0.502 2.723 2.864 3.002 180.6 187.6 194.6 200.8 208.8 216.9 0.436 0.453 0.469 80 100 120 6.424 6.678 6.932 203.1 210.5 218.0 226.9 235.2 243.7 0.518 0.533 0.548 3.137 3.271 3.403 201.8 209.4 217.0 225.1 233.6 242.2 0.484 0.500 0.515 140 160 180 200 7.184 7.435 7.685 7.935 225.8 233.9 242.1 250.6 252.4 261.4 270.6 280.0 0.562 0.577 0.592 0.606 3.534 3.664 3.793 3.921 224.9 232.9 241.3 249.8 251.1 260.1 269.4 278.9 0.530 0.545 0.559 0.574 Tables in English Units 971 TABLE A-18E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 60.0 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 24.18F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 80.0 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 41.18F) Sat. 30 50 1.764 1.794 1.894 180.2 182.4 189.5 199.8 202.3 210.6 0.418 0.384 0.400 1.336 184.6 204.3 0.415 1.372 187.9 208.2 0.423 70 90 110 1.992 2.087 2.179 196.9 204.4 212.1 219.0 227.6 236.3 0.417 0.432 0.448 1.450 1.526 1.599 195.4 203.1 210.9 216.9 225.7 234.6 0.440 0.456 0.472 130 150 170 2.271 2.361 2.450 220.0 228.0 236.3 245.2 254.2 263.5 0.463 0.478 0.493 1.671 1.741 1.810 218.8 227.0 235.4 243.6 252.8 262.2 0.487 0.503 0.518 190 210 230 250 2.539 2.626 2.713 2.800 244.8 253.5 262.3 271.6 273.0 282.7 292.5 302.7 0.508 0.523 0.537 0.552 1.879 1.946 2.013 2.079 244.0 252.7 261.7 270.9 271.8 281.5 291.5 301.7 0.533 0.548 0.562 0.577 p 5 100 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 55.18F) p 5 120 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 67.28F) Sat. 60 80 1.073 1.090 1.156 188.1 189.9 197.8 207.9 210.1 219.2 0.414 0.418 0.435 0.8945 191.1 210.9 0.412 0.9323 196.2 216.9 0.424 100 120 140 1.219 1.280 1.340 205.7 213.7 221.9 228.3 237.4 246.7 0.452 0.468 0.483 0.9887 1.043 1.094 204.3 212.5 220.8 226.3 235.7 245.1 0.441 0.457 0.473 160 180 200 1.398 1.454 1.510 230.2 238.8 247.5 256.1 265.7 275.5 0.499 0.514 0.529 1.145 1.194 1.242 229.2 237.9 246.7 254.7 264.4 274.3 0.489 0.504 0.520 220 240 260 280 1.566 1.620 1.674 1.728 256.4 265.6 274.9 284.4 285.4 295.6 305.9 316.4 0.544 0.559 0.573 0.588 1.289 1.336 1.382 1.427 255.6 264.8 274.2 283.8 284.3 294.5 304.9 315.5 0.534 0.549 0.564 0.579 p 5 140 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 78.08F) p 5 160 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 87.68F) Sat. 80 100 0.7650 0.7705 0.8227 193.7 213.3 222.9 213.5 214.5 224.2 0.412 0.413 0.431 0.6665 196.0 215.7 0.411 0.6968 201.2 221.9 0.422 120 140 160 0.8718 0.9185 0.9635 232.4 242.1 251.7 233.8 243.5 253.2 0.448 0.464 0.480 0.7427 0.7859 0.8272 209.9 218.4 227.2 231.9 241.7 251.7 0.439 0.456 0.472 180 200 220 1.007 1.050 1.091 261.4 271.4 281.5 263.0 273.0 283.2 0.496 0.511 0.526 0.8669 0.9054 0.9430 235.9 244.9 254.0 261.6 271.7 282.0 0.488 0.504 0.519 240 260 280 300 1.132 1.173 1.213 1.252 291.7 302.1 312.7 323.6 293.5 303.9 314.6 325.5 0.541 0.556 0.571 0.585 0.9797 1.016 1.051 1.087 263.4 272.8 282.6 292.4 292.4 302.9 313.7 324.6 0.534 0.549 0.564 0.578 Propane T 8F 972 Tables in English Units TABLE A-18E (Continued) T 8F v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 180 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 96.58F) h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 200 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 104.68F) Sat. 100 120 0.5890 0.5972 0.6413 198.0 199.6 208.4 217.6 219.5 229.8 0.410 0.413 0.431 0.5261 199.8 219.2 0.409 0.5591 206.8 227.5 0.424 140 160 180 0.6821 0.7206 0.7574 217.1 226.1 234.9 239.9 250.1 260.2 0.449 0.465 0.481 0.5983 0.6349 0.6694 215.8 224.9 233.9 238.0 248.4 258.7 0.441 0.458 0.475 200 220 240 0.7928 0.8273 0.8609 244.0 253.2 262.6 270.4 280.8 291.3 0.497 0.513 0.528 0.7025 0.7345 0.7656 243.1 252.4 261.7 269.1 279.6 290.1 0.491 0.506 0.522 260 280 300 320 0.8938 0.9261 0.9579 0.9894 272.1 281.8 291.8 301.9 301.9 312.7 323.7 334.9 0.543 0.558 0.572 0.587 0.7960 0.8257 0.8549 0.8837 271.4 281.1 291.1 301.3 300.9 311.7 322.8 334.0 0.537 0.552 0.567 0.581 p 5 220 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 112.18F) Propane u Btu/lb p 5 240 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 119.28F) Sat. 120 140 0.4741 0.4906 0.5290 201.4 205.1 214.4 220.7 225.1 236.0 0.408 0.416 0.435 0.4303 0.4321 0.4704 202.8 203.2 212.9 221.9 222.4 233.8 0.408 0.409 0.428 160 180 200 0.5642 0.5971 0.6284 223.6 232.9 242.1 246.6 257.2 267.7 0.452 0.469 0.485 0.5048 0.5365 0.5664 222.4 231.6 241.1 244.8 255.5 266.3 0.446 0.463 0.480 220 240 260 0.6585 0.6875 0.7158 251.5 261.0 270.6 278.3 289.0 299.8 0.501 0.516 0.532 0.5949 0.6223 0.6490 250.5 260.1 269.8 277.0 287.8 298.7 0.496 0.511 0.527 280 300 320 340 0.7435 0.7706 0.7972 0.8235 280.5 290.5 300.6 311.0 310.8 321.9 333.1 344.6 0.547 0.561 0.576 0.591 0.6749 0.7002 0.7251 0.7496 279.8 289.8 300.1 310.5 309.8 320.9 332.3 343.8 0.542 0.557 0.571 0.586 p 5 260 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 125.88F) p 5 280 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 132.18F) Sat. 130 150 0.3928 0.4012 0.4374 204.1 206.3 216.1 223.0 225.6 237.2 0.407 0.411 0.431 0.3604 205.3 223.9 0.406 0.3932 214.5 234.9 0.424 170 190 210 0.4697 0.4995 0.5275 225.8 235.2 244.8 248.4 259.3 270.2 0.449 0.466 0.482 0.4253 0.4544 0.4815 224.4 234.1 243.8 246.5 257.7 268.8 0.443 0.461 0.477 230 250 270 0.5541 0.5798 0.6046 254.4 264.2 274.1 281.1 292.1 303.2 0.498 0.514 0.530 0.5072 0.5317 0.5553 253.5 263.3 273.3 279.8 290.9 302.1 0.494 0.510 0.525 290 310 330 350 0.6288 0.6524 0.6756 0.6984 284.0 294.3 304.7 315.2 314.3 325.7 337.2 348.8 0.545 0.560 0.574 0.589 0.5783 0.6007 0.6226 0.6441 283.4 293.5 304.0 314.6 313.4 324.7 336.3 348.0 0.540 0.555 0.570 0.585 Tables in English Units 973 TABLE A-18E (Continued) v ft3/lb u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R v ft3/lb p 5 320 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 143.78F) u Btu/lb h Btu/lb s Btu/lb ? 8R p 5 360 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 154.28F) Sat. 150 170 0.3067 0.3187 0.3517 207.2 210.7 221.4 225.3 229.6 242.3 0.404 0.412 0.432 0.2639 208.6 226.2 0.402 0.2920 217.9 237.4 0.420 190 210 230 0.3803 0.4063 0.4304 231.7 241.6 251.6 254.2 265.7 277.1 0.450 0.468 0.485 0.3213 0.3469 0.3702 228.8 239.3 249.5 250.2 262.4 274.2 0.440 0.459 0.476 250 270 290 0.4533 0.4751 0.4961 261.6 271.7 281.9 288.5 299.9 311.3 0.501 0.517 0.532 0.3919 0.4124 0.4320 259.8 270.1 280.4 285.9 297.6 309.2 0.493 0.509 0.525 310 330 350 370 0.5165 0.5364 0.5559 0.5750 292.3 302.7 313.4 324.2 322.9 334.5 346.3 358.3 0.548 0.563 0.577 0.592 0.4510 0.4693 0.4872 0.5047 290.8 301.4 312.2 323.0 320.9 332.7 344.7 356.7 0.540 0.556 0.570 0.585 p 5 400 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 164.08F) p 5 450 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 175.18F) Sat. 170 190 0.2287 0.2406 0.2725 209.5 213.6 225.6 226.5 231.4 245.8 0.400 0.408 0.430 0.1921 209.9 225.9 0.396 0.2205 220.7 239.1 0.416 210 230 250 0.2985 0.3215 0.3424 236.7 247.4 257.8 258.8 271.2 283.2 0.450 0.468 0.485 0.2486 0.2719 0.2925 233.0 244.3 255.2 253.7 267.0 279.6 0.439 0.458 0.476 270 290 310 0.3620 0.3806 0.3984 268.3 278.8 289.4 295.1 307.0 318.9 0.502 0.518 0.534 0.3113 0.3290 0.3457 266.0 276.8 287.6 292.0 304.2 316.4 0.493 0.510 0.526 330 350 370 390 0.4156 0.4322 0.4484 0.4643 300.1 311.0 321.9 333.1 330.9 343.0 355.1 367.5 0.549 0.564 0.579 0.594 0.3617 0.3772 0.3922 0.4068 298.4 309.4 320.4 331.7 328.5 340.8 353.1 365.6 0.542 0.557 0.572 0.587 p 5 500 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 185.38F) p 5 600 lbf/in.2 (Tsat 5 203.48F) Sat. 190 210 0.1610 0.1727 0.2066 209.3 213.8 228.6 224.2 229.8 247.7 0.391 0.399 0.426 0.1003 200.3 211.4 0.367 0.1307 214.3 228.8 0.394 230 250 270 0.2312 0.2519 0.2704 240.9 252.4 263.6 262.3 275.7 288.6 0.448 0.467 0.485 0.1661 0.1892 0.2080 232.2 245.8 258.1 250.7 266.8 281.2 0.426 0.449 0.469 290 310 330 0.2874 0.3034 0.3186 274.6 285.6 296.6 301.2 313.7 326.1 0.502 0.519 0.534 0.2245 0.2396 0.2536 269.8 281.4 292.8 294.8 308.0 321.0 0.487 0.505 0.521 350 370 390 410 0.3331 0.3471 0.3607 0.3740 307.7 318.9 330.2 341.7 338.6 351.0 363.6 376.3 0.550 0.565 0.580 0.595 0.2669 0.2796 0.2917 0.3035 304.2 315.7 327.3 338.9 333.9 346.8 359.7 372.6 0.538 0.553 0.569 0.584 Propane T 8F 974 Tables in English Units TABLE A-19E Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, r, and k Substance Specific Heat, cp (Btu/lb ? 8R) Density, r (lb/ft3) Thermal Conductivity, k (Btu/h ? ft ? 8R) 0.216 0.301 0.092 0.185 0.107 0.031 0.191 0.056 0.439 0.115 0.054 169 84.3 557 164 491 705 94.9 656 128 503 456 137 0.15 232 1.61 46.4 20.4 0.16 248 0.30 8.7 38.5 0.199 0.210 0.179 0.279 0.193 0.291 0.330 120 144 156 40 145 34 31.8 0.42 0.81 0.81 0.054 1.24 0.069 0.069 — 0.43 0.199 0.289 0.199 1.0 7.5 2.0 3.4 5.0 0.027 0.023 0.022 0.016 0.039 1.151 0.033 0.303 0.343 0.456 1.006 0.998 0.999 1.002 1.008 1.017 37.5 845 74.0 75.0 55.2 62.42 62.23 61.61 60.79 59.76 58.55 0.269 4.94 0.049 0.047 0.084 0.332 0.354 0.373 0.386 0.394 0.398 Selected Solids, 5408R Aluminum Coal, anthracite Copper Granite Iron Lead Sand Silver Soil Steel (AISI 302) Tin Building Materials, 5408R Brick, common Concrete (stone mix) Glass, plate Hardboard, siding Limestone Plywood Softwoods (fir, pine) Insulating Materials, 5408R Blanket (glass fiber) Cork Duct liner (glass fiber, coated) Polystyrene (extruded) Vermiculite fill (flakes) Table A-19E Saturated Liquids Ammonia, 5408R Mercury, 5408R Refrigerant 22, 5408R Refrigerant 134a, 5408R Unused Engine Oil, 5408R Water, 4958R 5408R 5858R 6308R 6758R 7208R Source: Drawn from several sources, these data are only representative. Values can vary depending on temperature, purity, moisture content, and other factors. Tables in English Units 975 TABLE A-20E Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases (Btu/lb ? 8R) cp Temp. 8F cv k cp Air cv k cp cv k Temp. 8F Oxygen, O2 Nitrogen, N2 40 100 200 0.240 0.240 0.241 0.171 0.172 0.173 1.401 1.400 1.397 0.248 0.248 0.249 0.177 0.178 0.178 1.400 1.399 1.398 0.219 0.220 0.223 0.156 0.158 0.161 1.397 1.394 1.387 40 100 200 300 400 500 0.243 0.245 0.248 0.174 0.176 0.179 1.394 1.389 1.383 0.250 0.251 0.254 0.179 0.180 0.183 1.396 1.393 1.388 0.226 0.230 0.235 0.164 0.168 0.173 1.378 1.368 1.360 300 400 500 600 700 800 0.250 0.254 0.257 0.182 0.185 0.188 1.377 1.371 1.365 0.256 0.260 0.262 0.185 0.189 0.191 1.383 1.377 1.371 0.239 0.242 0.246 0.177 0.181 0.184 1.352 1.344 1.337 600 700 800 900 1000 1500 2000 0.259 0.263 0.276 0.286 0.191 0.195 0.208 0.217 1.358 1.353 1.330 1.312 0.265 0.269 0.283 0.293 0.194 0.198 0.212 0.222 1.364 1.359 1.334 1.319 0.249 0.252 0.263 0.270 0.187 0.190 0.201 0.208 1.331 1.326 1.309 1.298 900 1000 1500 2000 Temp. 8F Carbon Dioxide, CO2 Carbon Monoxide, CO Temp. 8F Hydrogen, H2 40 100 200 0.195 0.205 0.217 0.150 0.160 0.172 1.300 1.283 1.262 0.248 0.249 0.249 0.177 0.178 0.179 1.400 1.399 1.397 3.397 3.426 3.451 2.412 2.441 2.466 1.409 1.404 1.399 40 100 200 300 400 500 0.229 0.239 0.247 0.184 0.193 0.202 1.246 1.233 1.223 0.251 0.253 0.256 0.180 0.182 0.185 1.394 1.389 1.384 3.461 3.466 3.469 2.476 2.480 2.484 1.398 1.397 1.397 300 400 500 600 700 800 0.255 0.262 0.269 0.210 0.217 0.224 1.215 1.208 1.202 0.259 0.262 0.266 0.188 0.191 0.195 1.377 1.371 1.364 3.473 3.477 3.494 2.488 2.492 2.509 1.396 1.395 1.393 600 700 800 900 1000 1500 2000 0.275 0.280 0.298 0.312 0.230 0.235 0.253 0.267 1.197 1.192 1.178 1.169 0.269 0.273 0.287 0.297 0.198 0.202 0.216 0.226 1.357 1.351 1.328 1.314 3.502 3.513 3.618 3.758 2.519 2.528 2.633 2.773 1.392 1.390 1.374 1.355 900 1000 1500 2000 Table A-20E Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on “Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases,” NBS Circular 564, 1955. 976 Tables in English Units TABLE A-21E _ Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases _ Cp _ = a 1 bT 1 gT 2 1 dT 3 1 eT 4 R T is in 8R, equations valid from 540 to 1800 8R b 3 103 g 3 106 d 3 109 Gas a CO CO2 H2 H2O 3.710 2.401 3.057 4.070 20.899 4.853 1.487 20.616 O2 N2 Air NH3 3.626 3.675 3.653 3.591 21.043 20.671 20.7428 0.274 NO NO2 SO2 SO3 4.046 3.459 3.267 2.578 CH4 C2H2 C2H4 3.826 1.410 1.426 Monatomic gasesa 2.5 e 3 1012 1.140 22.039 21.793 1.281 20.348 0.343 0.947 20.508 0.0228 0 20.1726 0.0769 2.178 0.717 1.017 2.576 21.160 20.108 20.328 21.437 0.2053 20.0215 0.02632 0.2601 21.899 1.147 2.958 8.087 2.464 2.064 0.211 22.832 21.048 21.639 20.906 20.136 0.1517 0.3448 0.2438 0.1878 22.211 10.587 6.324 7.580 27.562 2.466 23.898 2.811 22.787 0.6633 20.3939 0.6429 0 0 0 0 _ For monatomic gases, such as He, Ne, and Ar, cp is constant over a wide temperature range and is very nearly equal _ to 5y2 R. a Table A-21E Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on NASA SP-273, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971. TABLE A-22E Ideal Gas Properties of Air T(8R), h and u(Btu/lb), s8(Btu/lb ? 8R) when Ds 5 01 T h u s8 360 380 400 420 440 85.97 90.75 95.53 100.32 105.11 61.29 64.70 68.11 71.52 74.93 0.50369 0.51663 0.52890 0.54058 0.55172 460 480 500 520 537 109.90 114.69 119.48 124.27 128.34 78.36 81.77 85.20 88.62 91.53 540 560 580 600 620 129.06 133.86 138.66 143.47 148.28 640 660 680 700 720 pr when Ds 5 0 vr T h u s8 0.3363 0.4061 0.4858 0.5760 0.6776 396.6 346.6 305.0 270.1 240.6 940 960 980 1000 1040 226.11 231.06 236.02 240.98 250.95 161.68 165.26 168.83 172.43 179.66 0.56235 0.57255 0.58233 0.59172 0.59945 0.7913 0.9182 1.0590 1.2147 1.3593 215.33 193.65 174.90 158.58 146.34 1080 1120 1160 1200 1240 260.97 271.03 281.14 291.30 301.52 92.04 95.47 98.90 102.34 105.78 0.60078 0.60950 0.61793 0.62607 0.63395 1.3860 1.5742 1.7800 2.005 2.249 144.32 131.78 120.70 110.88 102.12 1280 1320 1360 1400 1440 153.09 157.92 162.73 167.56 172.39 109.21 112.67 116.12 119.58 123.04 0.64159 0.64902 0.65621 0.66321 0.67002 2.514 2.801 3.111 3.446 3.806 94.30 87.27 80.96 75.25 70.07 740 760 780 800 820 177.23 182.08 186.94 191.81 196.69 126.51 129.99 133.47 136.97 140.47 0.67665 0.68312 0.68942 0.69558 0.70160 4.193 4.607 5.051 5.526 6.033 840 860 880 900 920 201.56 206.46 211.35 216.26 221.18 143.98 147.50 151.02 154.57 158.12 0.70747 0.71323 0.71886 0.72438 0.72979 6.573 7.149 7.761 8.411 9.102 1. pr and vr data for use with Eqs. 6.41 and 6.42, respectively. 977 Table A-22E Tables in English Units pr vr 0.73509 0.74030 0.74540 0.75042 0.76019 9.834 10.61 11.43 12.30 14.18 35.41 33.52 31.76 30.12 27.17 186.93 194.25 201.63 209.05 216.53 0.76964 0.77880 0.78767 0.79628 0.80466 16.28 18.60 21.18 24.01 27.13 24.58 22.30 20.29 18.51 16.93 311.79 322.11 332.48 342.90 353.37 224.05 231.63 239.25 246.93 254.66 0.81280 0.82075 0.82848 0.83604 0.84341 30.55 34.31 38.41 42.88 47.75 15.52 14.25 13.12 12.10 11.17 1480 1520 1560 1600 1650 363.89 374.47 385.08 395.74 409.13 262.44 270.26 278.13 286.06 296.03 0.85062 0.85767 0.86456 0.87130 0.87954 53.04 58.78 65.00 71.73 80.89 10.34 9.578 8.890 8.263 7.556 65.38 61.10 57.20 53.63 50.35 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 422.59 436.12 449.71 463.37 477.09 306.06 316.16 326.32 336.55 346.85 0.88758 0.89542 0.90308 0.91056 0.91788 90.95 101.98 114.0 127.2 141.5 6.924 6.357 5.847 5.388 4.974 47.34 44.57 42.01 39.64 37.44 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 490.88 504.71 518.61 532.55 546.54 357.20 367.61 378.08 388.60 399.17 0.92504 0.93205 0.93891 0.94564 0.95222 157.1 174.0 192.3 212.1 233.5 4.598 4.258 3.949 3.667 3.410 Table A-22E 978 Tables in English Units TABLE A-22E (Continued) T(8R), h and u(Btu/lb), s8(Btu/lb ? 8R) when Ds 5 01 T h u 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 560.59 574.69 588.82 603.00 617.22 409.78 420.46 431.16 441.91 452.70 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 631.48 645.78 660.12 674.49 688.90 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 s8 when Ds 5 0 pr vr T h u s8 pr 0.95868 0.96501 0.97123 0.97732 0.98331 256.6 281.4 308.1 336.8 367.6 3.176 2.961 2.765 2.585 2.419 3700 3750 3800 3850 3900 998.11 1013.1 1028.1 1043.1 1058.1 744.48 756.04 767.60 779.19 790.80 1.10991 1.11393 1.11791 1.12183 1.12571 2330 2471 2618 2773 2934 0.5882 0.5621 0.5376 0.5143 0.4923 463.54 474.40 485.31 496.26 507.25 0.98919 0.99497 1.00064 1.00623 1.01172 400.5 435.7 473.3 513.5 556.3 2.266 2.125 1.996 1.876 1.765 3950 4000 4050 4100 4150 1073.2 1088.3 1103.4 1118.5 1133.6 802.43 814.06 825.72 837.40 849.09 1.12955 1.13334 1.13709 1.14079 1.14446 3103 3280 3464 3656 3858 0.4715 0.4518 0.4331 0.4154 0.3985 703.35 717.83 732.33 746.88 761.45 518.26 529.31 540.40 551.52 562.66 1.01712 1.02244 1.02767 1.03282 1.03788 601.9 650.4 702.0 756.7 814.8 1.662 1.566 1.478 1.395 1.318 4200 4300 4400 4500 4600 1148.7 1179.0 1209.4 1239.9 1270.4 860.81 884.28 907.81 931.39 955.04 1.14809 1.15522 1.16221 1.16905 1.17575 4067 4513 4997 5521 6089 0.3826 0.3529 0.3262 0.3019 0.2799 2950 3000 3050 3100 3150 776.05 790.68 805.34 820.03 834.75 573.84 585.04 596.28 607.53 618.82 1.04288 1.04779 1.05264 1.05741 1.06212 876.4 941.4 1011 1083 1161 1.247 1.180 1.118 1.060 1.006 4700 4800 4900 5000 5100 1300.9 1331.5 1362.2 1392.9 1423.6 978.73 1002.5 1026.3 1050.1 1074.0 1.18232 1.18876 1.19508 1.20129 1.20738 6701 7362 8073 8837 9658 0.2598 0.2415 0.2248 0.2096 0.1956 3200 3250 3300 3350 3400 849.48 864.24 879.02 893.83 908.66 630.12 641.46 652.81 664.20 675.60 1.06676 1.07134 1.07585 1.08031 1.08470 1242 1328 1418 1513 1613 0.9546 0.9069 0.8621 0.8202 0.7807 5200 5300 1454.4 1485.3 1098.0 1122.0 1.21336 1.21923 10539 11481 0.1828 0.1710 3450 3500 3550 3600 3650 923.52 938.40 953.30 968.21 983.15 687.04 698.48 709.95 721.44 732.95 1.08904 1.09332 1.09755 1.10172 1.10584 1719 1829 1946 2068 2196 0.7436 0.7087 0.6759 0.6449 0.6157 vr TABLE A-23E Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases _ _ _ Enthalpy h (T ) and internal energy u (T ) in Btu/lbmol. Absolute entropy at 1 atm s8(T ), in Btu/lbmol ? 8R. _ Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 247,540 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2104,040 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 979 T(8R) _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2169,300 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 300 320 340 360 380 2108.2 2256.6 2407.3 2560.5 2716.4 1512.4 1621.1 1732.1 1845.6 1961.8 46.353 46.832 47.289 47.728 48.148 2081.9 2220.9 2359.9 2498.8 2637.9 1486.1 1585.4 1684.7 1783.9 1883.3 43.223 43.672 44.093 44.490 44.866 2367.6 2526.8 2686.0 2845.1 3004.4 1771.8 1891.3 2010.8 2130.2 2249.8 40.439 40.952 41.435 41.889 42.320 2073.5 2212.6 2351.7 2490.8 2630.0 1477.8 1577.1 1676.5 1775.9 1875.3 44.927 45.375 45.797 46.195 46.571 2082.0 2221.0 2360.0 2498.9 2638.0 1486.2 1585.5 1684.4 1784.0 1883.4 41.695 42.143 42.564 42.962 43.337 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 2874.7 3035.7 3199.4 3365.7 3534.7 2080.4 2201.7 2325.6 2452.2 2581.5 48.555 48.947 49.329 49.698 50.058 2776.9 2916.0 3055.0 3194.0 3333.0 1982.6 2081.9 2181.2 2280.5 2379.8 45.223 45.563 45.886 46.194 46.491 3163.8 3323.2 3482.7 3642.3 3802.0 2369.4 2489.1 2608.9 2728.8 2848.8 42.728 43.117 43.487 43.841 44.182 2769.1 2908.3 3047.5 3186.9 3326.5 1974.8 2074.3 2173.8 2273.4 2373.3 46.927 47.267 47.591 47.900 48.198 2777.0 2916.1 3055.1 3194.1 3333.1 1982.6 2082.0 2181.3 2280.6 2379.9 43.694 44.034 44.357 44.665 44.962 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 537 540 560 3706.2 3880.3 4027.5 4056.8 4235.8 2713.3 2847.7 2963.8 2984.4 3123.7 50.408 50.750 51.032 51.082 51.408 3472.1 3611.2 3725.1 3750.3 3889.5 2479.2 2578.6 2663.1 2677.9 2777.4 46.775 47.048 47.272 47.310 47.563 3962.0 4122.0 4258.0 4282.4 4442.8 2969.1 3089.4 3191.9 3210.0 3330.7 44.508 44.821 45.079 45.124 45.415 3466.2 3606.1 3725.1 3746.2 3886.6 2473.2 2573.4 2658.7 2673.8 2774.5 48.483 48.757 48.982 49.021 49.276 3472.2 3611.3 3729.5 3750.3 3889.5 2479.3 2578.6 2663.1 2678.0 2777.4 45.246 45.519 45.743 45.781 46.034 500 520 537 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 4417.2 4600.9 4786.6 4974.9 5165.2 3265.4 3409.4 3555.6 3704.0 3854.6 51.726 52.038 52.343 52.641 52.934 4028.7 4168.0 4307.4 4446.9 4586.6 2876.9 2976.5 3076.2 3175.9 3275.8 47.807 48.044 48.272 48.494 48.709 4603.7 4764.7 4926.1 5087.8 5250.0 3451.9 3573.2 3694.9 3816.8 3939.3 45.696 45.970 46.235 46.492 46.741 4027.3 4168.3 4309.7 4451.4 4593.5 2875.5 2976.8 3078.4 3180.4 3282.9 49.522 49.762 49.993 50.218 50.437 4028.7 4167.9 4307.1 4446.4 4585.8 2876.9 2976.4 3075.9 3175.5 3275.2 46.278 46.514 46.742 46.964 47.178 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720 740 760 5357.6 5552.0 5748.4 5946.8 6147.0 4007.2 4161.9 4318.6 4477.3 4637.9 53.225 53.503 53.780 54.051 54.319 4726.2 4866.0 5006.1 5146.4 5286.8 3375.8 3475.9 3576.3 3676.9 3777.5 48.917 49.120 49.317 49.509 49.697 5412.5 5575.4 5738.8 5902.6 6066.9 4062.1 4185.3 4309.0 4433.1 4557.6 46.984 47.219 47.450 47.673 47.893 4736.2 4879.3 5022.9 5167.0 5311.4 3385.8 3489.2 3593.1 3697.4 3802.2 50.650 50.858 51.059 51.257 51.450 4725.3 4864.9 5004.5 5144.3 5284.1 3374.9 3474.8 3574.7 3674.7 3774.9 47.386 47.588 47.785 47.977 48.164 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 820 840 860 6349.1 6552.9 6758.3 6965.7 7174.7 4800.1 4964.2 5129.9 5297.6 5466.9 54.582 54.839 55.093 55.343 55.589 5427.4 5568.2 5709.4 5850.7 5992.3 3878.4 3979.5 4081.0 4182.6 4284.5 49.880 50.058 50.232 50.402 50.569 6231.7 6396.9 6562.6 6728.9 6895.6 4682.7 4808.2 4934.2 5060.8 5187.8 48.106 48.316 48.520 48.721 48.916 5456.4 5602.0 5748.1 5894.8 6041.9 3907.5 4013.3 4119.7 4226.6 4334.1 51.638 51.821 52.002 52.179 52.352 5424.2 5564.4 5704.7 5845.3 5985.9 3875.2 3975.7 4076.3 4177.1 4278.1 48.345 48.522 48.696 48.865 49.031 780 800 820 840 860 880 900 920 940 960 7385.3 7597.6 7811.4 8026.8 8243.8 5637.7 5810.3 5984.4 6160.1 6337.4 55.831 56.070 56.305 56.536 56.765 6134.2 6276.4 6419.0 6561.7 6704.9 4386.6 4489.1 4592.0 4695.0 4798.5 50.732 50.892 51.048 51.202 51.353 7062.9 7230.9 7399.4 7568.4 7738.0 5315.3 5443.6 5572.4 5701.7 5831.6 49.109 49.298 49.483 49.665 49.843 6189.6 6337.9 6486.7 6636.1 6786.0 4442.0 4550.6 4659.7 4769.4 4879.5 52.522 52.688 52.852 53.012 53.170 6126.9 6268.1 6409.6 6551.2 6693.1 4379.4 4480.8 4582.6 4684.5 4786.7 49.193 49.352 49.507 49.659 49.808 880 900 920 940 960 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 8462.2 8682.1 8903.4 9126.2 9350.3 6516.1 6696.2 6877.8 7060.9 7245.3 56.990 57.212 57.432 57.647 57.861 6848.4 6992.2 7136.4 7281.0 7425.9 4902.3 5006.3 5110.8 5215.7 5320.9 51.501 51.646 51.788 51.929 52.067 7908.2 8078.9 8250.4 8422.4 8595.0 5962.0 6093.0 6224.8 6357.1 6490.0 50.019 50.191 50.360 50.528 50.693 6936.4 7087.5 7238.9 7391.0 7543.6 4990.3 5101.6 5213.3 5325.7 5438.6 53.326 53.477 53.628 53.775 53.921 6835.4 6977.9 7120.7 7263.8 7407.2 4889.3 4992.0 5095.1 5198.5 5302.2 49.955 50.099 50.241 50.380 50.516 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 Table A-23E T(8R) Table A-23E TABLE A-23E 980 (Continued) T(8R) _ _ _ h and u in Btu/lbmol, s8 in Btu/lbmol ? 8R _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2169,300 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 247,540 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2104,040 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T(8R) 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 9575.8 9802.6 10030.6 10260.1 10490.6 7431.1 7618.1 7806.4 7996.2 8187.0 58.072 58.281 58.485 58.689 58.889 7571.1 7716.8 7862.9 8009.2 8156.1 5426.4 5532.3 5638.7 5745.4 5851.5 52.203 52.337 52.468 52.598 52.726 8768.2 8942.0 9116.4 9291.4 9467.1 6623.5 6757.5 6892.2 7027.5 7163.5 50.854 51.013 51.171 51.325 51.478 7696.8 7850.4 8004.5 8159.1 8314.2 5552.1 5665.9 5780.3 5895.2 6010.6 54.064 54.204 54.343 54.480 54.614 7551.0 7695.0 7839.3 7984.0 8129.0 5406.2 5510.5 5615.2 5720.1 5825.4 50.651 50.783 50.912 51.040 51.167 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 10722.3 10955.3 11189.4 11424.6 11661.0 8379.0 8572.3 8766.6 8962.1 9158.8 59.088 59.283 59.477 59.668 59.858 8303.3 8450.8 8598.8 8747.2 8896.0 5960.0 6067.8 6176.0 6284.7 6393.8 52.852 52.976 53.098 53.218 53.337 9643.4 9820.4 9998.0 10176.1 10354.9 7300.1 7437.4 7575.2 7713.6 7852.7 51.630 51.777 51.925 52.070 52.212 8469.8 8625.8 8782.4 8939.4 9096.7 6126.5 6242.8 6359.6 6476.9 6594.5 54.748 54.879 55.008 55.136 55.262 8274.4 8420.0 8566.1 8712.6 8859.3 5931.0 6037.0 6143.4 6250.1 6357.2 51.291 51.413 51.534 51.653 51.771 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 11898.4 12136.9 12376.4 12617.0 12858.5 9356.5 9555.3 9755.0 9955.9 10157.7 60.044 60.229 60.412 60.593 60.772 9045.0 9194.6 9344.6 9494.8 9645.5 6503.1 6613.0 6723.2 6833.7 6944.7 53.455 53.571 53.685 53.799 53.910 10534.4 10714.5 10895.3 11076.6 11258.7 7992.5 8132.9 8274.0 8415.5 8557.9 52.354 52.494 52.631 52.768 52.903 9254.6 9412.9 9571.6 9730.7 9890.2 6712.7 6831.3 6950.2 7069.6 7189.4 55.386 55.508 55.630 55.750 55.867 9006.4 9153.9 9301.8 9450.0 9598.6 6464.5 6572.3 6680.4 6788.9 6897.8 51.887 51.001 52.114 52.225 52.335 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 13101.0 13344.7 13589.1 13834.5 14080.8 10360.5 10564.5 10769.2 10974.8 11181.4 60.949 61.124 61.298 61.469 61.639 9796.6 9948.1 10100.0 10252.2 10404.8 7056.1 7167.9 7280.1 7392.6 7505.4 54.021 54.129 54.237 54.344 54.448 11441.4 11624.8 11808.8 11993.4 12178.8 8700.9 8844.6 8988.9 9133.8 9279.4 53.037 53.168 53.299 53.428 53.556 10050.1 10210.4 10371.0 10532.0 10693.3 7309.6 7430.1 7551.1 7672.4 7793.9 55.984 56.099 56.213 56.326 56.437 9747.5 9896.9 10046.6 10196.6 10347.0 7007.0 7116.7 7226.7 7337.0 7447.6 52.444 52.551 52.658 52.763 52.867 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 14328.0 14576.0 14824.9 15074.7 15325.3 11388.9 11597.2 11806.4 12016.5 12227.3 61.800 61.974 62.138 62.302 62.464 10557.8 10711.1 10864.9 11019.0 11173.4 7618.7 7732.3 7846.4 7960.8 8075.4 54.522 54.665 54.757 54.858 54.958 12364.8 12551.4 12738.8 12926.8 13115.6 9425.7 9572.7 9720.3 9868.6 10017.6 53.682 53.808 53.932 54.055 54.117 10855.1 11017.1 11179.6 11342.4 11505.4 7916.0 8038.3 8161.1 8284.2 8407.4 56.547 56.656 56.763 56.869 56.975 10497.8 10648.0 10800.4 10952.2 11104.3 7558.7 7670.1 7781.9 7893.9 8006.4 52.969 53.071 53.171 53.271 53.369 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 15576.7 15829.0 16081.9 16335.7 16590.2 12439.0 12651.6 12864.8 13078.9 13293.7 62.624 62.783 62.939 63.095 63.250 11328.2 11483.4 11638.9 11794.7 11950.9 8190.5 8306.0 8421.8 8537.9 8654.4 55.056 55.154 55.251 55.347 55.411 13305.0 13494.4 13685.7 13877.0 14069.2 10167.3 10317.6 10468.6 10620.2 10772.7 54.298 54.418 54.535 54.653 54.770 11668.8 11832.5 11996.6 12160.9 12325.5 8531.1 8655.1 8779.5 8904.1 9029.0 57.079 57.182 57.284 57.385 57.484 11256.9 11409.7 11562.8 11716.4 11870.2 8119.2 8232.3 8345.7 8459.6 8573.6 53.465 53.561 53.656 53.751 53.844 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 16845.5 17101.4 17358.1 17615.5 17873.5 13509.2 13725.4 13942.4 14160.1 14378.4 63.403 63.555 63.704 63.853 64.001 12107.5 12264.3 12421.4 12579.0 12736.7 8771.2 8888.3 9005.7 9123.6 9241.6 55.535 55.628 55.720 55.811 55.900 14261.9 14455.4 14649.5 14844.3 15039.8 10925.6 11079.4 11233.8 11388.9 11544.7 54.886 54.999 55.113 55.226 55.339 12490.4 12655.6 12821.1 12986.9 13153.0 9154.1 9279.6 9405.4 9531.5 9657.9 57.582 57.680 57.777 57.873 57.968 12024.3 12178.9 12333.7 12488.8 12644.3 8688.1 8802.9 8918.0 9033.4 9149.2 53.936 54.028 54.118 54.208 54.297 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 18132.2 18391.5 18651.5 18912.2 19173.4 14597.4 14816.9 15037.2 15258.2 15479.7 64.147 64.292 64.435 64.578 64.719 12894.9 13053.2 13212.0 13371.0 13530.2 9360.0 9478.6 9597.7 9717.0 9836.5 55.990 56.078 56.166 56.253 56.339 15236.1 15433.0 15630.6 15828.7 16027.6 11701.2 11858.4 12016.3 12174.7 12333.9 55.449 55.559 55.668 55.777 55.884 13319.2 13485.8 13652.5 13819.6 13986.8 9784.4 9911.2 10038.2 10165.6 10293.1 58.062 58.155 58.247 58.339 58.428 12800.2 12956.3 13112.7 13269.5 13426.5 9265.3 9381.7 9498.4 9615.5 9732.8 54.385 54.472 54.559 54.645 54.729 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 TABLE A-23E (Continued) T(8R) _ _ _ h and u in Btu/lbmol, s8 in Btu/lbmol ? 8R _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2169,300 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 247,540 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2104,040 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T (8R) 981 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 19,698 20,224 20,753 21,284 21,818 15,925 16,372 16,821 17,273 17,727 64.999 65.272 65.543 65.809 66.069 13,850 14,170 14,492 14,815 15,139 10,077 10,318 10,560 10,803 11,048 56.509 56.677 56.841 57.007 57.161 16,428 16,830 17,235 17,643 18,054 12,654 12,977 13,303 13,632 13,963 56.097 56.307 56.514 56.719 56.920 14,322 14,658 14,995 15,333 15,672 10,549 10,806 11,063 11,321 11,581 58.607 58.782 58.954 59.123 59.289 13,742 14,058 14,375 14,694 15,013 9,968 10,205 10,443 10,682 10,923 54.896 55.061 55.223 55.383 55.540 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 22,353 22,890 23,429 23,970 24,512 18,182 18,640 19,101 19,561 20,024 66.327 66.581 66.830 67.076 67.319 15,463 15,789 16,116 16,443 16,722 11,293 11,539 11,787 12,035 12,284 57.317 57.470 57.621 57.770 57.917 18,467 18,883 19,301 19,722 20,145 14,297 14,633 14,972 15,313 15,657 57.119 57.315 57.509 57.701 57.889 16,011 16,351 16,692 17,036 17,376 11,841 12,101 12,363 12,625 12,888 59.451 59.612 59.770 59.926 60.077 15,334 15,656 15,978 16,302 16,626 11,164 11,406 11,649 11,893 12,138 55.694 55.846 55.995 56.141 56.286 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 25,056 25,602 26,150 26,699 27,249 20,489 20,955 21,423 21,893 22,364 67.557 67.792 68.025 68.253 68.479 17,101 17,431 17,762 18,093 18,426 12,534 12,784 13,035 13,287 13,541 58.062 58.204 58.344 58.482 58.619 20,571 20,999 21,429 21,862 22,298 16,003 16,352 16,703 17,057 17,413 58.077 58.261 58.445 58.625 58.803 17,719 18,062 18,407 18,572 19,097 13,151 13,416 13,680 13,946 14,212 60.228 60.376 60.522 60.666 60.808 16,951 17,277 17,604 17,932 18,260 12,384 12,630 12,878 13,126 13,375 56.429 56.570 56.708 56.845 56.980 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 27,801 28,355 28,910 29,465 30,023 22,837 23,310 23,786 24,262 24,740 68.702 68.921 69.138 69.352 69.563 18,759 19,093 19,427 19,762 20,098 13,794 14,048 14,303 14,559 14,815 58.754 58.885 59.016 59.145 59.272 22,735 23,175 23,618 24,062 24,508 17,771 18,131 18,494 18,859 19,226 58.980 59.155 59.328 59.500 59.669 19,443 19,790 20,138 20,485 20,834 14,479 14,746 15,014 15,282 15,551 60.946 61.084 61.220 61.354 61.486 18,590 18,919 19,250 19,582 19,914 13,625 13,875 14,127 14,379 14,631 57.112 57.243 57.372 57.499 57.625 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 30,581 31,141 31,702 32,264 32,827 25,220 25,701 26,181 26,664 27,148 69.771 69.977 70.181 70.382 70.580 20,434 20,771 21,108 21,446 21,785 15,072 15,330 15,588 15,846 16,105 59.398 59.521 59.644 59.765 59.884 24,957 25,408 25,861 26,316 26,773 19,595 19,967 20,340 20,715 21,093 59.837 60.003 60.167 60.330 60.490 21,183 21,533 21,883 22,232 22,584 15,821 16,091 16,362 16,633 16,905 61.616 61.744 61.871 61.996 62.120 20,246 20,580 20,914 21,248 21,584 14,885 15,139 15,393 15,648 15,905 57.750 57.872 57.993 58.113 58.231 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 33,392 33,957 34,523 35,090 35,659 27,633 28,118 28,605 29,093 29,582 70.776 70.970 71.160 71.350 71.537 22,124 22,463 22,803 23,144 23,485 16,365 16,625 16,885 17,146 17,408 60.002 60.118 60.232 60.346 60.458 27,231 27,692 28,154 28,619 29,085 21,472 21,853 22,237 22,621 23,085 60.650 60.809 60.965 61.120 61.274 22,936 23,288 23,641 23,994 24,348 17,177 17,450 17,723 17,997 18,271 62.242 62.363 62.483 62.599 62.716 21,920 22,256 22,593 22,930 23,268 16,161 16,417 16,675 16,933 17,192 58.348 58.463 58.576 58.688 58.800 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 36,228 36,798 37,369 37,941 38,513 30,072 30,562 31,054 31,546 32,039 71.722 71.904 72.085 72.264 72.441 23,826 24,168 24,510 24,853 25,196 17,670 17,932 18,195 18,458 18,722 60.569 60.679 60.787 60.894 61.000 29,553 30,023 30,494 30,967 31,442 23,397 23,787 24,179 24,572 24,968 61.426 61.577 61.727 61.874 62.022 24,703 25,057 25,413 25,769 26,175 18,546 18,822 19,098 19,374 19,651 62.831 62.945 63.057 63.169 63.279 23,607 23,946 24,285 24,625 24,965 17,451 17,710 17,970 18,231 18,491 58.910 59.019 59.126 59.232 59.338 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 39,087 39,661 40,236 40,812 41,338 32,533 33,028 33,524 34,020 34,517 72.616 72.788 72.960 73.129 73.297 25,539 25,883 26,227 26,572 26,917 18,986 19,250 19,515 19,780 20,045 61.105 61.209 61.311 61.412 61.513 31,918 32,396 32,876 33,357 33,839 25,365 25,763 26,164 26,565 26,968 62.167 62.312 62.454 62.597 62.738 26,412 26,839 27,197 27,555 27,914 19,928 20,206 20,485 20,763 21,043 63.386 63.494 63.601 63.706 63.811 25,306 25,647 25,989 26,331 26,673 18,753 19,014 19,277 19,539 19,802 59.442 59.544 59.646 59.747 59.846 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 Table A-23E Table A-23E TABLE A-23E 982 (Continued) T(8R) _ _ _ h and u in Btu/lbmol, s8 in Btu/lbmol ? 8R _ Carbon Dioxide, CO2 ( h8f 5 2169,300 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Carbon Monoxide, CO ( h8f 5 247,540 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Water Vapor, H2O ( h8f 5 2104,040 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Oxygen, O2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 _ Nitrogen, N2 ( h8f 5 0 Btu/lbmol) _ _ _ h u s8 T(8R) 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 41,965 42,543 43,121 43,701 44,280 35,015 35,513 36,012 36,512 37,012 73.462 73.627 73.789 73.951 74.110 27,262 27,608 27,954 28,300 28,647 20,311 20,576 20,844 21,111 21,378 61.612 61.710 61.807 61.903 61.998 34,324 34,809 35,296 35,785 36,274 27,373 27,779 28,187 28,596 29,006 62.875 63.015 63.153 63.288 63.423 28,273 28,633 28,994 29,354 29,716 21,323 21,603 21,884 22,165 22,447 63.914 64.016 64.114 64.217 64.316 27,016 27,359 27,703 28,046 28,391 20,065 20,329 20,593 20,858 21,122 59.944 60.041 60.138 60.234 60.328 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 44,861 45,442 46,023 46,605 47,188 37,513 38,014 38,517 39,019 39,522 74.267 74.423 74.578 74.732 74.884 28,994 29,341 29,688 30,036 30,384 21,646 21,914 22,182 22,450 22,719 62.093 62.186 62.279 62.370 62.461 36,765 37,258 37,752 38,247 38,743 29,418 29,831 30,245 30,661 31,077 63.557 63.690 63.821 63.952 64.082 30,078 30,440 30,803 31,166 31,529 22,730 23,013 23,296 23,580 23,864 64.415 64.512 64.609 64.704 64.800 28,735 29,080 29,425 29,771 30,117 21,387 21,653 21,919 22,185 22,451 60.422 60.515 60.607 60.698 60.788 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 47,771 48,355 48,939 49,524 50,109 40,026 40,531 41,035 41,541 42,047 75.033 75.182 75.330 75.477 75.622 30,733 31,082 31,431 31,780 32,129 22,988 23,257 23,527 23,797 24,067 61.511 62.640 62.728 62.816 62.902 39,240 39,739 40,239 40,740 41,242 31,495 31,915 32,335 32,757 33,179 64.210 64.338 64.465 64.591 64.715 31,894 32,258 32,623 32,989 33,355 24,149 24,434 24,720 25,006 25,292 64.893 64.986 65.078 65.169 65.260 30,463 30,809 31,156 31,503 31,850 22,718 22,985 23,252 23,520 23,788 60.877 60.966 61.053 61.139 61.225 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 50,695 51,282 51,868 52,456 53,044 42,553 43,060 43,568 44,075 44,584 75.765 75.907 76.048 76.188 76.327 32,479 32,829 33,179 33,530 33,880 24,337 24,608 24,878 25,149 25,421 62.988 63.072 63.156 63.240 63.323 41,745 42,250 42,755 43,267 43,769 33,603 34,028 34,454 34,881 35,310 64.839 64.962 65.084 65.204 65.325 33,722 34,089 34,456 34,824 35,192 25,580 25,867 26,155 26,444 26,733 65.350 65.439 65.527 65.615 65.702 32,198 32,546 32,894 33,242 33,591 24,056 24,324 24,593 24,862 25,131 61.310 61.395 61.479 61.562 61.644 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 53,632 54,221 54,810 55,400 55,990 45,093 45,602 46,112 46,622 47,133 76.464 76.601 76.736 76.870 77.003 34,231 34,582 34,934 35,285 35,637 25,692 25,934 26,235 26,508 26,780 63.405 63.486 63.567 63.647 63.726 44,278 44,788 45,298 45,810 46,322 35,739 36,169 36,600 37,032 37,465 65.444 65.563 65.680 65.797 65.913 35,561 35,930 36,300 36,670 37,041 27,022 27,312 27,602 27,823 28,184 65.788 65.873 65.958 66.042 66.125 33,940 34,289 34,638 34,988 35,338 25,401 25,670 25,940 26,210 26,481 61.726 61.806 61.887 61.966 62.045 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 56,581 57,172 57,764 58,356 58,948 47,645 48,156 48,668 49,181 49,694 77.135 77.266 77.395 77.581 77.652 35,989 36,341 36,693 37,046 37,398 27,052 27,325 27,598 27,871 28,144 63.805 63.883 63.960 64.036 64.113 46,836 47,350 47,866 48,382 48,899 37,900 38,334 38,770 39,207 39,645 66.028 66.142 66.255 66.368 66.480 37,412 37,783 38,155 38,528 38,900 28,475 28,768 29,060 29,353 29,646 66.208 66.290 66.372 66.453 66.533 35,688 36,038 36,389 36,739 37,090 26,751 27,022 27,293 27,565 27,836 62.123 62.201 62.278 62.354 62.429 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 59,541 60,134 60,728 61,322 61,916 50,208 50,721 51,236 51,750 52,265 77.779 77.905 78.029 78.153 78.276 37,751 38,104 38,457 38,811 39,164 28,417 28,691 28,965 29,239 29,513 64.188 64.263 64.337 64.411 64.484 49,417 49,936 50,455 50,976 51,497 40,083 40,523 40,963 41,404 41,856 66.591 66.701 66.811 66.920 67.028 39,274 39,647 40,021 40,396 40,771 29,940 30,234 30,529 30,824 31,120 66.613 66.691 66.770 66.848 66.925 37,441 37,792 38,144 38,495 38,847 28,108 28,379 28,651 28,924 29,196 62.504 62.578 62.652 62.725 62.798 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 62,511 64,000 65,491 66,984 68,471 52,781 54,071 55,363 56,658 57,954 78.398 78.698 78.994 79.284 79.569 39,518 40,403 41,289 42,176 43,063 29,787 30,473 31,161 31,849 32,538 64.556 64.735 64.910 65.082 65.252 52,019 53,327 54,640 55,957 57,279 42,288 43,398 44,512 45,631 46,754 67.135 67.401 67.662 67.918 68.172 41,146 42,086 43,021 43,974 44,922 31,415 32,157 32,901 33,648 34,397 67.003 67.193 67.380 67.562 67.743 39,199 40,080 40,962 41,844 42,728 29,468 30,151 30,834 31,518 32,203 62.870 63.049 63.223 63.395 63.563 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 983 Tables in English Units TABLE A-24E Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State 1. van der Waals and Redlich–Kwong: Constants for pressure in atm, specific volume in ft3/lbmol, and temperature in 8R Redlich–Kwong ft3 2 atm Q R lbmol b ft3 lbmol a ft3 2 atm Q R (8R)1/2 lbmol b ft3 lbmol 345 3,509 926 0.586 1.862 0.686 5,409 98,349 21,972 0.4064 1.2903 0.4755 372 581 346 0.632 0.685 0.618 5,832 10,919 5,280 0.4382 0.4751 0.4286 Oxygen (O2) Propane (C3H8) Refrigerant 12 349 2,369 2,660 0.509 1.444 1.558 5,896 61,952 70,951 0.3531 1.0006 1.0796 Sulfur dioxide (SO2) Water (H2O) 1,738 1,400 0.910 0.488 49,032 48,418 0.6309 0.3380 Substance Air Butane (C4H10) Carbon dioxide (CO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Methane (CH4) Nitrogen (N2) Source: Calculated from critical data. 2. Benedict–Webb–Rubin: Constants for pressure in atm, specific volume in ft3/lbmol, and temperature in 8R Substance C4H10 CO2 CO CH4 N2 a A b B c C a g 9 8 7736.7 562.3 150.6 2587.6 702.4 344.1 10.26 1.850 0.675 1.9921 0.7995 0.8737 4.214 3 10 1.987 3 108 1.385 3 107 8.254 3 10 1.152 3 108 7.118 3 106 4.527 0.348 0.555 8.724 1.384 1.540 203.0 103.2 476.0 270.4 0.867 0.597 0.6824 0.6526 3.389 3 107 9.700 3 106 1.876 3 107 6.700 3 106 0.511 0.523 1.540 1.360 Source: H. W. Cooper and J. C. Goldfrank, Hydrocarbon Processing, 46 (12): 141 (1967). Table A-24E van der Waals a 984 Tables in English Units TABLE A-25E Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 5378R and 1 atm Table A-25E Heating Values Molar Mass, M (lb/lbmol) Substance Formula Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen C(s) H2(g) N2(g) O2(g) 12.01 2.016 28.01 32.00 Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water Water CO(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O(l) Hydrogen peroxide Ammonia Oxygen Hydrogen Enthalpy of_ Formation, h8f (Btu/lbmol) Gibbs Function of Formation, _ g8f (Btu/lbmol) Absolute _ Entropy, s8 (Btu/lbmol ? 8R) Higher, HHV (Btu/lb) Lower, LHV (Btu/lb) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.36 31.19 45.74 48.98 14,100 61,000 — — 14,100 51,610 — — 28.01 44.01 18.02 18.02 ⫺47,540 ⫺169,300 ⫺104,040 ⫺122,970 ⫺59,010 ⫺169,680 ⫺98,350 ⫺102,040 47.27 51.03 45.08 16.71 — — — — — — — — H2O2(g) NH3(g) O(g) H(g) 34.02 17.03 16.00 1.008 ⫺58,640 ⫺19,750 107,210 93,780 ⫺45,430 ⫺7,140 99,710 87,460 55.60 45.97 38.47 27.39 — — — — — — — — Nitrogen Hydroxyl Methane Acetylene N(g) OH(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) 14.01 17.01 16.04 26.04 203,340 16,790 ⫺32,210 97,540 195,970 14,750 ⫺21,860 87,990 36.61 43.92 44.49 48.00 — — 23,880 21,470 — — 21,520 20,740 Ethylene Ethane Propylene Propane C2H4(g) C2H6(g) C3H6(g) C3H8(g) 28.05 30.07 42.08 44.09 22,490 ⫺36,420 8,790 ⫺44,680 29,306 ⫺14,150 26,980 ⫺10,105 52.54 54.85 63.80 64.51 21,640 22,320 21,050 21,660 20,290 20,430 19,700 19,950 Butane Pentane Octane Octane Benzene C4H10(g) C5H12(g) C8H18(g) C8H18(l) C6H6(g) 58.12 72.15 114.22 114.22 78.11 ⫺54,270 ⫺62,960 ⫺89,680 ⫺107,530 35,680 ⫺6,760 ⫺3,530 7,110 2,840 55,780 74.11 83.21 111.55 86.23 64.34 21,300 21,090 20,760 20,610 18,180 19,670 19,510 19,270 19,110 17,460 Methanol Methanol Ethanol Ethanol CH3OH(g) CH3OH(l) C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH(l) 32.04 32.04 46.07 46.07 ⫺86,540 ⫺102,670 ⫺101,230 ⫺119,470 ⫺69,700 ⫺71,570 ⫺72,520 ⫺75,240 57.29 30.30 67.54 38.40 10,260 9,760 13,160 12,760 9,080 8,570 11,930 11,530 Source: Based on JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971; Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Tech. Note 270-3, 1968; and API Research Project 44, Carnegie Press, 1953. Heating values calculated. Index to Figures and Charts Figure A-1 Figure A-2 Figure A-3 Figure A-4 Figure A-5 Figure A-6 Figure A-7 Figure A-7E Figure A-8 Figure A-8E Figure A-9 Figure A-9E Generalized compressibility chart, pR # 1.0 985 Generalized compressibility chart, pR # 10.0 986 Generalized compressibility chart, 10 # pR # 40 986 Generalized enthalpy correction chart 987 Generalized entropy correction chart 988 Generalized fugacity coefficient chart 989 Temperature–entropy diagram for water (SI units) 990 Temperature–entropy diagram for water (English units) 991 Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (SI units) 992 Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (English units) 993 Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (SI units) 994 Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (English units) 995 Figure A-1 Generalized compressibility chart, pR # 1.0. Source: E. F. Obert, Concepts of Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. 985 986 Figures and Charts Figure A-2 Generalized compressibility chart, pR # 10.0. Source: E. F. Obert, Concepts of Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. Figure A-3 Generalized compressibility chart, 10 # pR # 40. Source: E. F. Obert. Concepts of Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. Figures and Charts Figure A-4 Generalized enthalpy correction chart. Source: Adapted from G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. 987 988 Figures and Charts Figure A-5 Generalized entropy correction chart. Source: Adapted from G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. Figures and Charts Figure A-6 Generalized fugacity coefficient chart. Source: G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. 989 990 Figures and Charts Figure A-7 Temperature–entropy diagram for water (SI units). Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1978. Figures and Charts Figure A-7E Temperature–entropy diagram for water (English units). Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1969. 991 992 Figures and Charts Figure A-8 Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (SI units). Source: J. B. Jones and G. A. Hawkins, Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York, 1986. Figures and Charts Figure A-8E Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (English units). Source: J. B. Jones and G. A. Hawkins, Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York, 1986. 993 994 Figures and Charts Figure A-9 Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (SI units). Source: Z. Zhang and M. B. Pate, “A Methodology for Implementing a Psychrometric Chart in a Computer Graphics System,” ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 94, Pt. 1, 1988. Figures and Charts Figure A-9E Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (English units). Source: Z. Zhang and M. B. Pate, “A Methodology for Implementing a Psychrometric Chart in a Computer Graphics System,” ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 94, Pt. 1, 1988. 995 Symbols a A AF bwr c c # C CaHb cp cy cp0 e, E e, E# ef, Ef# Ed, #Ed Eq, Eq Ew E e f fi F F, F FA g g, G g 8f h, H h H h8f hRP HHV i k k K ke, KE l, L LHV m # m M M acceleration, activity area air–fuel ratio back work ratio specific heat of an incompressible substance, velocity of sound unit cost cost rate hydrocarbon fuel specific heat at constant pressure, 0h / 0 T )p specific heat at constant volume, 0u / 0 T )y specific heat cp at zero pressure energy per unit of mass, energy exergy per unit of mass, exergy specific flow exergy, flow exergy rate exergy destruction, exergy destruction rate exergy transfer accompanying heat transfer, rate of exergy transfer accompanying heat transfer exergy transfer accompanying work electric field strength electrical potential, electromotive force (emf) fugacity fugacity of component i in a mixture degrees of freedom in the phase rule force vector, force magnitude fuel–air ratio acceleration of gravity Gibbs function per unit of mass, Gibbs function Gibbs function of formation per mole at standard state enthalpy per unit of mass, enthalpy heat transfer coefficient magnetic field strength enthalpy of formation per mole at standard state enthalpy of combustion per mole higher heating value electric current specific heat ratio: cp/cy Boltzmann constant equilibrium constant kinetic energy per unit of mass, kinetic energy length lower heating value mass mass flow rate molecular weight, Mach number magnetic dipole moment per unit volume mep mf n N p patm pi pr pR P P pe, PE q? Q # Q # Qx # # Qc, Qe r rc R R s, S s8 t T TR t u, U v, V V, V vr v9R Vi W # W x X y z Z # Z mean effective pressure mass fraction number of moles, polytropic exponent number of components in the phase rule pressure atmospheric pressure pressure associated with mixture component i, partial pressure of i relative pressure as used in Tables A-22 reduced pressure: p/pc number of phases in the phase rule electric dipole moment per unit volume potential energy per unit of mass, potential energy heat flux heat transfer heat transfer rate conduction rate convection rate, thermal radiation rate compression ratio cutoff ratio gas constant: R/ M, resultant force, electric resistance universal gas constant entropy per unit of mass, entropy entropy function as used in Tables A-22, absolute entropy at the standard reference pressure as used in Table A-23 time temperature reduced temperature: T/Tc torque internal energy per unit of mass, internal energy specific volume, volume velocity vector, velocity magnitude relative volume as used in Tables A-22 pseudoreduced specific volume: y/ 1RTc / pc2 volume associated with mixture component i, partial volume of i work rate of work, or power quality, position extensive property mole fraction, mass flow rate ratio elevation, position compressibility factor, electric charge cost rate of owning/operating Greek Letters a b g D e h u k m mJ n r # s, s s g t f c, C v isentropic compressibility coefficient of performance for a refrigerator, volume expansivity coefficient of performance for a heat pump, activity coefficient change 5 final minus initial exergetic (second law) efficiency, emissivity, extent of reaction efficiency, effectiveness temperature thermal conductivity, isothermal compressibility chemical potential Joule–Thomson coefficient stoichiometric coefficient density entropy production, rate of entropy production normal stress, Stefan–Boltzmann constant summation surface tension relative humidity Helmholtz function per unit of mass, Helmholtz function humidity ratio (specific humidity), angular velocity Subscripts a ad as ave b c cv cw C db e e f F fg dry air adiabatic adiabatic saturation average boundary property at the critical point, compressor, overall system control volume cooling water cold reservoir, low temperature dry bulb state of a substance exiting a control volume exergy reference environment property of saturated liquid, temperature of surroundings, final value fuel difference in property for saturated vapor and saturated liquid g H i i I ig, if isol int rev j n p ref reg res P R s sat surr t tp 0 o v w wb x y 1,2,3 property of saturated vapor hot reservoir, high temperature state of a substance entering a control volume, mixture component initial value, property of saturated solid irreversible difference in property for saturated vapor (saturated liquid) and saturated solid isolated internally reversible portion of the boundary, number of components present in a mixture normal component pump reference value or state regenerator reservoir products reversible, reactants isentropic saturated surroundings turbine triple point property at the dead state, property of the surroundings stagnation property vapor water wet bulb upstream of a normal shock downstream of a normal shock different states of a system, different locations in space Superscripts ch e – ? 8 * chemical exergy component of the exergy reference environment bar over symbol denotes property on a molar basis (over X, V, H, S, U, C, G, the bar denotes partial molal property) dot over symbol denotes time rate property at standard state or standard pressure ideal gas, quantity corresponding to sonic velocity Conversion Factors Mass and Density Pressure 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Pa kg g/cm3 g/cm3 lb lb/ft3 lb/ft3 5 5 5 5 5 5 2.2046 lb 103 kg/m3 62.428 lb/ft3 0.4536 kg 0.016018 g/cm3 16.018 kg/m3 Length 1 1 1 1 cm m in. ft Velocity 1 km/h 5 0.62137 mile/h 1 mile/h 5 1.6093 km/h 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 cm m3 L L in.3 ft3 gal gal 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 3 0.061024 in. 35.315 ft3 1023 m3 0.0353 ft3 16.387 cm3 0.028317 m3 0.13368 ft3 3.7854 3 1023 m3 Force 1 1 1 1 N N lbf lbf 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 J kJ kJ kJ/kg ft ? lbf Btu Btu Btu/lb kcal 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 N ? m 5 0.73756 ft ? lbf 737.56 ft ? lbf 0.9478 Btu 0.42992 Btu/lb 1.35582 J 778.17 ft ? lbf 1.0551 kJ 2.326 kJ/kg 4.1868 kJ Energy Transfer Rate Volume 3 bar atm lbf/in.2 lbf/in.2 atm 1 N/m2 1.4504 3 1024 lbf/in.2 105 N/m2 1.01325 bar 6894.8 Pa 144 lbf/ft2 14.696 lbf/in.2 Energy and Specific Energy 0.3937 in. 3.2808 ft 2.54 cm 0.3048 m 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 kg ? m/s2 0.22481 lbf 32.174 lb ? ft/s2 4.4482 N 1W 1 kW 1 Btu/h 1 hp 1 hp 1 hp 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 J/s 5 3.413 Btu/h 1.341 hp 0.293 W 2545 Btu/h 550 ft ? lbf/s 0.7457 kW Specific Heat 1 kJ/kg ? K 1 kcal/kg ? K 1 Btu/h ? 8R 5 0.238846 Btu/lb ? 8R 5 1 Btu/lb ? 8R 5 4.1868 kJ/kg ? K Others 1 ton of refrigeration 5 200 Btu/min 5 211 kJ/min 1 volt 5 1 watt per ampere Constants Universal Gas Constant Standard Atmospheric Pressure 8.314 kJ/ kmol ? K R 5 • 1545 ft ? lbf/ lbmol ? 8R 1.986 Btu/ lbmol ? 8R 1.01325 bar 1 atm 5 • 14.696 lbf/ in.2 760 mm Hg 5 29.92 in. Hg Standard Acceleration of Gravity Temperature Relations g5 e 9.80665 m/ s 32.174 ft/ s2 2 T18R2 5 1.8 T1K2 T18C2 5 T1K2 2 273.15 T18F2 5 T18R2 2 459.67