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PRIMERGY rack systems

Design guide


March 9, 2005


Rack Systems



1 Introduction and highlights
Rack systems are based on what is called the 19-inch standard, according to which
rack cabinets, servers and other components, such as UPSs, hubs, routers, modems
and operating consoles, are manufactured. The term “standard” suggests a
specification and definition of all prevalent dimensions and construction requirements
relating to the mechanics and electrical equipment of these rack systems. In fact, only
a few dimensions and weights are truly specified in this quasi-standard: various
specifications can be interpreted too broadly, there is also a lack of tolerances in
some cases, and many a dimension is not even included in the 19-inch “standard”.
And if you decide to search for standardizations or tolerance specifications for these
racks, you won’t have much luck.
The problems and incompatibilities in the installation dimensions of competitor products and components from third-party
vendors have always been taken into account in PRIMERGY rack systems. At the latest since the PRIMECENTER rack family,
there has been a universal and variable rack system in which the bulk of the 19-inch components on the market can be installed
without any problems. Unfortunately, however, there will always be cases where the inaccuracy of the 19-inch standard strikes,
namely when products from different vendors must be combined with each other.
The aim of this document is thus to facilitate integration of PRIMERGY systems in third-party racks and the installation of other
vendors’ systems in Fujitsu Siemens Computers racks by specifying the necessary installation conditions and dimensions.

1 General suitability of PRIMERGY systems for installation Installation of a PRIMERGY system in third-party racks 4.2 Installation rules 2.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9.1 Liability and warranty 2.3 Dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks (940 mm) 5.1 Grid dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks 5.1 Rack dimensions table 4.2 Sliding rails 1 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 11 11 12 .2 Front plate dimensions Mounting third-party products in PRIMERGY racks 5.1 Telescopic rails 6.2 Basic design of PRIMECENTER racks 5.4 Dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks (1000 mm) Carrier systems 6.3 Thermal qualification Analyzed configurations 3. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 2 / 12 Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 Introduction and highlights Preconditions 2.

thermal energy is not exchanged via the floor or ground surface. such as electrical and electromagnetic behavior. the intake air area is defined as being the boundaries of the height units it occupies. 2. Following mounting of the server in a rack. So that not every possible configuration must be assessed separately.3 Thermal qualification A thermal assessment of a server in the rack must take into account the following PRIMERGY servers cooling concept: • A PRIMERGY server is cooled by an air current that is generated by fans within the server. specific responsibilities must be observed in integrating components to create an overall system. Every server is independent in its height unit(s) and respects the independence of neighboring servers. Any emission of thermal energy is regarded as negligible and consequently does not contribute to cooling the server.). the rack infrastructure is used optimally and the exhaust air area of the server is kept free to the maximum possible extent. • The front 19” plane is defined as a climatic boundary between the intake air and exhaust air of the rack or the server. This prevents any influence from servers mounted above or below. any possible supply of energy from thermal radiation is regarded as negligible and is ruled out.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. The floor and cover surfaces of the server are designed as adiabatic surfaces.1 Liability and warranty In principle. and is consequently liable for and warrants the integration work that has been carried out. yet permit different solutions to coexist. In the same way. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 3 / 12 2 Preconditions 2.e.2 Installation rules A broad range of servers means a large variety of combinations in the rack and the requirement that every server be operated within its thermal limits. i. . 2. The following thus applies to thermal qualification: 1. cable management. 2. rules for installing servers and components in the racks have been established: 1. The party integrating components from different vendors therefore bears responsibility. These two rules restrict the creativity of developers of servers and rack-mounted systems to the height unit(s) required by the server. In cabling the server. maintenance space. etc. safety regulations and operating conditions. They include compliance with country-specific and international regulations and provisions. Every server must be able to function with the resources of its height unit(s) (cooling. 2.

use mounting points in the 19” grid system and respect the height grid of 19” systems. 3. These two cases must be viewed separately. not all cases can be analyzed individually. However. Retaining systems. namely with respect to: • • • Installation dimensions of the systems. the market in the 19” segment is simply too large.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. FSC rails generally have variable depths (usually 710 mm – 815 mm). hubs) from third-party vendors are to be mounted in PRIMECENTER and PRIMERGY DataCenter racks. Strict observance of these design principles permits integration of PRIMERGY servers in over 95% of all racks.1 General suitability of PRIMERGY systems for installation All PRIMERGY systems are developed on the basis of the same design principles. restrictions to extraction. . switches. As regards rack mounting. Servers. including cabling spaces and conditions relating to serviceability Cabling conditions and requirements Availability of mounting material and safety of mounting This can result is a wide range of installation requirements. Safety and climatic aspects must be taken into account when integrating PRIMERGY systems in third-party racks. two cases are described in this document: 1. We are consequently focusing on products from Fujitsu Siemens Computers and the associated rack systems. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 4 / 12 3 Analyzed configurations As already indicated in the introduction. and cooling concepts must also be operable in third-party racks. 2. these design principles have been strictly geared to international standards. possibly in coexistence with servers or storage systems from different vendors. As a consequence. subsystems or infrastructure components (USPs. For example. PRIMERGY servers or storage subsystems are to be integrated in racks from other manufacturers. this analysis of installation of a PRIMERGY component is reduced to the essentials. PRIMERGY servers can also be combined with the cable management solutions of the racks without any problems.

1 Rack front 2 Rack rear D Cabling space F Support system space l/r a1/b1/a2/b2 Support uprights A B E P Rack depth C Rack width C1 Front plate design/ C2 air-conditioning PRIMERGY installation depth Installation plane clearance Front installation plane Rear installation plane .Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 5 / 12 4 Installation of a PRIMERGY system in third-party racks 4.1 Rack dimensions table The figure below indicates what areas and dimensions must be provided for PRIMERGY systems in a third-party rack.

4mm Abstand Gehäuse-Unterseite zur HE / distance between housing bottom side and U = 2. They are always relative to the start or the end of a height unit U (1 U = 44.6mm ± 0. the housing width Rw is limited to a maximum of 448 mm. So that this dimension can be respected in all cases.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. Assuming a space of one U.45 mm). 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems 4.5mm Frontplatten-Oberkante zur HE / distance between front plate upper edge to U = 0. The height dimensions are guidelines for ensuring smooth installation or insertion.4mm Höheneinheit / unit = 44.2 Page 6 / 12 Front plate dimensions The dimension that is guaranteed as a reliable quantity by all rack manufacturers is the installation width of 19” (Rw > 450 mm).4mm Frontplatten-Höhe / front plate height = x HE/U – 2 x 0.5mm Frontplatten-Unterkante zur HE / distance between front plate lower edge to U = 0.45mm .5mm Gehäusebreite / housing width = 448mm Gehäusehöhe / housing height = x HE/U – Ht – Hb Abstand Gehäuse-Oberseite zur HE / distance between housing top side and U = 2.5mm + 1mm Frontplattenbreite / front panel width = 482. there are the dimensions: Ht Fw Ft Rw Hw Frontansicht / Frontal Hh Fh HE/U Fb Rw : Fw : Fh : Ft : Fb : Hw : Hh : Ht : Hb : HE/U: Hb Rack-Einbaubreite / rack width = 450.

Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9.1 Grid dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks Fujitsu Siemens PRIMECENTER Rack 19" HE/U 4 HE/U 3 HE/U 2 HE/U 1 . it can be said that PRIMECENTER racks represent a continued development of the DataCenter racks from Fujitsu Siemens Computers and have many of their features. Naturally they comply with international standards relating to EMC and safety as well as with the specifications of the 19” standard. In general. PRIMECENTER racks and PRIMERGY DataCenter racks are compatible with each other as regards their basic design and dimensions. 5. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 7 / 12 5 Mounting third-party products in PRIMERGY racks Two families of rack systems are currently used at Fujitsu Siemens Computers: PRIMERGY DataCenter racks and PRIMECENTER racks.

2 Page 8 / 12 Basic design of PRIMECENTER racks Vertical support cable management Area for cable management 19“ vertical supports Area for vertical fittings .Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems 5.

3 Dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks (940 mm) Page 9 / 12 .Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems 5.

2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems 5.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9.4 Dimensions of PRIMECENTER racks (1000 mm) Page 10 / 12 .

2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems Page 11 / 12 6 Carrier systems 6.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. restricted Single extraction. inserted Single extraction. Single or double extraction. The loadbearing capacity of the rails must always be sufficient. Sliding rails are only adequate for systems that do not have to be opened during operation or for systems where the extent of extraction with sliding rails permits access to hot-plug components. Telescopic rails permit extraction of a system to outside the rack system (double extraction). excess length > 105% Functions: • • • Single extraction. This length compensation also permits adaptation to different housing dimensions. no stresses occur in the rack construction in the case of thermal expansion. Servers or subsystems that contain hot-plug components that can be replaced online. withdrawn Double extraction. . must always be installed with telescopic rails so that the server can be serviced completely during operation. among other things.1 Telescopic rails Two types of rail are used for installing systems: sliding rails and telescopic rails. restricted Single extraction Double extraction with excess length > 105% The rails supplied by Fujitsu Siemens Computer for PRIMERGY systems have a length compensation so that. such as PCI cards or fans at the rear of the housing.

All hardware and software names used are trade names or trademarks of their respective manufacturers. are reserved.2 Page 12 / 12 Sliding rails The following dimensions apply to sliding rails at Fujitsu Siemens Computers: ‚Seitliche Führung‘ = Lateral guide ‘Gleitebene’ = Sliding plane R D G B ild All rights. Published by department: Enterprise Products PRIMERGY Server Copyright © Fujitsu Siemens Company stamp . including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. right of technical modifications reserved.Product Facts ⏐ Issue: March 9. 03/2005 2005 ⏐ Product: Rack Systems 6. Delivery subject to availability.