797 views

Uploaded by mike.morz

Fluid Mechanics

- Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design 2010 NSCP-DIT Gillesania.compressed
- Lecture 5.0 - Spiral Curve
- Portal Method
- Stability of Floating Bodies
- Fluid Mechanics Lesson 3
- Chapter Ii_fluid Statics
- Sample Problem_stress on Thin-walled Pressured Vessel
- Fluids
- Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics (Revised Edition) - Gillesania
- Fluid Mechanic Answer
- Fluid Mechanics - Buoyancy
- RCD Beam Analysis and Design
- Stability of Floating Bodies
- Theory of Structures
- Yuan-yu Hsieh-elementary theory of structures-Prentice Hall.pdf
- Chapter 8 Fundamentals of Fluid Flow
- Solutions Manual Engineering Mechanics
- Reversed Curve
- Fluid Friction in Pipes
- [King,Wisler, Woodburn] Hydraulics [5th Edition. TEXTBOOK].pdf

You are on page 1of 12

EXAMPLE # 1:

A plastic cube of side L and sp. gravity of 0.82 is placed vertically in water. Is the cube stable?

Solution:

Note: The body is stable if M is above G.

For draft:

sp . gr . of cube

0.82

L=

L

sp . gr . of water

1

0.82 L

D=

1

1

L B3

( L )( L )3

I

12

12

M Bo = =

=

=0.102 L

VD

VD

( L ) ( L )( 0.82 L )

L D L 0.82 L

G Bo = =

=0.09 L

2 2 2

2

Since M Bo >G B o

The body is STABLE

, M is above G

EXAMPLE # 2:

A solid wood cylinder of specific gravity 0.6 is 600 mm in diameter and 1200 mm high. If placed vertically in oil (sp. gr. =

0.85), would it be stable?

Solution:

For Draft:

D=

sp . gr . of wood

0.60

H=

( 1200 )=847.06 mm

sp . gr . oil

0.85

2

r

I

4

M Bo = =

=

VD VD

G Bo =600 mm

(300 mm )4

4

=26.56 mm

300 mm 2

()

( 847.06 mm )

1

D

847.06 mm

=600 mm

2

2

176.5 mm

Therefore, the body is UNSTABLE.

EXAMPLE # 3:

A rectangular scow 9 m wide, 15 m long, and 3.6 m high has a draft in sea water of 24 m. Its center of gravity is 2.7 m

above the bottom of the scow. Determine the following:

a) The initial metacentric height

b) The righting or overturning moment when the scow tilts until one side is just at the point of submergence.

Solution:

a) Initial Position

Distance of Metacenter to the center of buoyancy:

B2

tan 2

1+

where=0

12 D

2

2

2

9m

tan 0

1+

2

12 ( 2.4 m )

45

2.81 m

16

M Bo =

M G=M Bo +G B o

2.81 m1.5 m

1.31m

b)

Angle of tilting:

=arctan

1.2m

=14.93

4.5 m

B2

tan 2

M Bo =

1+

12 D

2

1.2 m

2

4.5m

9m

1+

2

12 ( 2.4 m )

2.91 m

]

2

Metacentric Height:

MG=M B o +G Bo

2.91 m1.5 m

1.41m

since

Weight of an object:

W =BF= V D

KN

( 1.03 ) 9.81 3 ( 9 m ) (15 m ) ( 2.4 m )

m

3273.79 kN

Righting Moment:

RM =W ( MG sin )

3273.79 kN ( 1.41m ) sin14.93

EXAMPLE # 4:

A barge floating in fresh water has the form a parallelpiped having a dimension of 10m x 30m by 3 m. It weights 4500

kN when loaded with center of gravity along its vertical axis 4 m from the bottom. Find the metacentric height about its longest

and shortest centerline, and determine wether or not the barge is stable.

Solution:

To solve for draft D:

[ BF=W ]

V D =W

KN

9.81 3 [ ( 10 m )( 30 m ) D ] =4500 kN

m

D=1.53 m

G Bo =4 m

D

1.53 m

=4 m

2

2

3.24 m

Along longitudinal axis (rolling)

B = 10 m

2

B = 30 m

2

B

tan

M Bo =

1+

where =0

12 D

2

( 10 m)2

( 1+ 0 )

12 ( 1.53 m )

5.45 m

B

tan

1+

where =0

12 D

2

( 30 m )2

( 1+ 0 )

12 ( 1.53 m )

49.02 m

M Bo =

MG=5.45 m3.24 m

(the barge is stable in rolling)

2.21 m

MG=49.02 m3.24 m

( the barge is stable in

45.78 m

pitching)

PROBLEM # 5:

A crane barge, 20 m long, 8 m wide, and 2 meters high loaded at its center with a road roller weighing 20 short tons,

floats on fresh water with a draft of 1.20 meters and has its center of gravity located along its vertical axis at a point 1.50 m

meters above its bottom. compute the horizontal distance out to one side from the centerline of the barge through which the

crane would swing the 20-ton load which it had lifted from the center of the deck, and tip the barge with the 20-meter edge just

touching the water surface?

Solution:

If the Load is along the Center of Gravity:

Weight of the road roller:

W R=20 short tons

lb

0.4536 kg

m

9.81

( 1 2000

short ton )( 1 lb ) (

s )

177992.64 N177.993 kN

Buoyant Force:

BF= V D

kN

9.81 3 ( 1.2 m )( 8 m ) ( 20 m )

m

1883.52kN

W T =BF

W T =1883.52 kN

1705.53 kN

New Position of G:

tan =

0.80m

4.0 m

=11.31

W T ( 0.5 m )=W B ( d )

( 1883.52 kN ) ( 0.5 m) =( 1705.53 kN ) d

d=0.55 m

z=d sin =( 0.55 m ) sin ( 11.31 )

z=0.11 m

Distance from G to the center of buoyancy:

G Bo =1.4d=1.4 m0.55 m

0.85 m

( 8 m )2

B2

tan 2

tan 2 11.31

M Bo =

1+

=

1+

12 D

2

2

12 (1.2 m )

4.53 m

Metacentric Height:

3.68 m

0.72 m

Horizontal distance of road roller from the center of the deck:

[ M G=0 ]

( BF ) x =W R ( L+ z )

( 1883.52 kN ) ( 0.72m )=( 177.99 kN )( L+0.11 m )

L=7.51 m

PROBLEM # 6:

A wooden barge of rectangular cross section is 8 m wide, 4 m high, and 16 m long. It is transporting in seawater (s =

1.03) a total load of 1,500 kN including its own weight and cargo. If a weight of 75 kN (included in the 1,500-kN) is shifted a

distance of 2.5 m to one side, it will cause the barge to go down 450 mm in the wedge of immersion and also rise 450 mm in the

corresponding wedge of immersion. The barge floats vertically (on an even kneel) before the shifting of the weight. Compute how

far above the waterline is the center of gravity of the loaded barge.

Solution:

To solve for the draft, D:

BF=W

( 1.03 ) 9.81

kN

[ ( 8 m )( 16 m ) ( D ) ] =1500 kN

m3

D=1.16 m

For the Tilted Position:

Angle of tilting:

0.45m

4m

0.45m

=arctan

4m

=6.42

tan =

2

(8 m)

B

t an

tan 6.42

M Bo =

1+

=

1+

12 D

2

2

12 (1.16 m )

4.63 m

Inclined Distance of Bo from the Metacentric Height:

0.52 m

Inclined Distance from Bo to Cargo:

2.87 m

Inclined Distance from Bo to the center of Gravity, G:

Height of the center of gravity from the water surface, h:

[ M

=0 ]

1425 ( b ) +75 ( a )=BF ( c )

( 1425 kN ) [ ( h+0.58 m ) sin 6.42 ] +75 ( 2.87 m) =( 1500 kN ) ( 0.52m )

h=2.96 m

Bo

PROBLEM # 7:

The water line section of a 1500 kN barge is as shown. Its center of gravity is 1.5 m above the center of buoyancy.

Compute the initial metacentric height against rolling.

Solution:

Total moment of inertia of an object, Itotal:

1

1

4

3

3

( b ) ( h ) + ( b )( h ) ( 2 ) + r

12

12

8

1

1

3

(12 m )( 8 m) + ( 6 m )( 4 m )3 ( 2 ) + ( 4 m) 4

12

12

8

4

676.53 m

Volume of displacement, VD :

[ BF=W ]

3

V D =152.91 m3

Distance of Metacenter to the center of buoyancy:

M Bo =

I

676.53 m4

=

=4.42 m

V D 152.91 m3

MG=2.92m

BOARDWORK

PROBLEM # 1:

A cylindrical buoy weighing 20 KN is to float in sea water above density is 1025 kg/m3. The

buoy has a diameter of 2 m and 2.5 m high. Is the buoy stable or unstable?

PROBLEM # 2:

a)

smaller base at the bottom, would it be stable?

b)

larger base at the bottom, would it be stable?

PROBLEM # 3:

The center of gravity is located at a point 3.5 m from the bottom.

Determine the following:

a) Initial metacentric height

b) Metacentric height when the scow tilts until one side is

just at a point of submergence

c) Righting moment

d) the maximum distance from the center in which the cargo

should be shifted until one side ia at a point of submergence.

PROBLEM # 4:

Would a wooden cylinder (s = 0.61), 660 mm in diameter and and 1.3 m long be stable if placed vertically in oil (s = 0.85)?

PROBLEM # 5:

Determine:

a) metacentric height

b) is it stable or not?

- Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design 2010 NSCP-DIT Gillesania.compressedUploaded byRonaldyn Dabu
- Lecture 5.0 - Spiral CurveUploaded byrmle
- Portal MethodUploaded bymartin
- Stability of Floating BodiesUploaded byEJ
- Fluid Mechanics Lesson 3Uploaded byAlejandroGonzaga
- Chapter Ii_fluid StaticsUploaded byzetseatberhanu
- Sample Problem_stress on Thin-walled Pressured VesselUploaded bymike.morz
- FluidsUploaded byAnonymous v0bsiX
- Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics (Revised Edition) - GillesaniaUploaded byBLANK BLANK
- Fluid Mechanic AnswerUploaded byIser
- Fluid Mechanics - BuoyancyUploaded bywiggly18
- RCD Beam Analysis and DesignUploaded byJayChristian Quimson
- Stability of Floating BodiesUploaded bycielo_cetd3670
- Theory of StructuresUploaded byjoyce_mabitasan
- Yuan-yu Hsieh-elementary theory of structures-Prentice Hall.pdfUploaded byFABIAN FIENGO
- Chapter 8 Fundamentals of Fluid FlowUploaded byNader Alaa
- Solutions Manual Engineering MechanicsUploaded byDeity Reuterez
- Reversed CurveUploaded byMark Real Jubilo
- Fluid Friction in PipesUploaded byAmro Ismail Kasht
- [King,Wisler, Woodburn] Hydraulics [5th Edition. TEXTBOOK].pdfUploaded byKaren Bee
- Applied Fluid Mechanics - 05 Bouyancy and StabilityUploaded bysourz18
- 2010 Besavilla - Transportation EngineeringUploaded byNath Villena
- Chapter 9 Flow in Closed ConduitsUploaded byNader Alaa
- 300 Solved Problems in Geotechnical EngineeringUploaded bymote34
- Structural Analysis 8th Ed Solution Manual R.C.hibbler by CiViL Society in TechnoUploaded byHesham Elhuni
- Engineering mechanics(besavilla)Uploaded byDC Padin
- Analysis and Design of Beams ProblemsUploaded byBai Alleha Musa
- Structural Analysis 5th Edition Aslam Kassimali Solutions ManualUploaded byascyiff
- Reversed CurvesUploaded byMarc Dared Cagaoan
- Hydraulics ReviewerUploaded bymalditaako

- work 1Uploaded byElujekwute Benjamin
- Ch1 Metrology.pdfUploaded byfatin marlia
- iesc108Uploaded byogguhemasundar
- Gravitacion resnickUploaded byapril flower
- D 70 â€“ 97 ;RDCWLVJFRA__Uploaded byAngel Aliaga
- 6751_01_que_20090521salter honers unit1Uploaded bySabreena Nordin
- XSteam Excel v2Uploaded byasifbabu
- Ce Me 1109 Harley Georgia TechUploaded byAkshay Gatkal
- (6) Polarization and Dielectric MaterialsUploaded bys
- Ideal GasUploaded byY
- 8 Rotation TorqueUploaded byJerome Bedaño
- ODE Lecture 14Uploaded byẄâQâŗÂlï
- Selecting a Micro DC Motor FaulhaberUploaded bygiannisasp
- 8.3 Colligative Properties _tutorial (Lecturer) EDITUploaded bysufia
- ME1102- 1. IntroductionUploaded byCedric Rumongi
- Test of a Boucherot Induction MotorUploaded bysebastian.gonczarek
- Chapter_10.pptUploaded byHamidin Wadi
- Simple Harmonic MotionUploaded byAthena Huynh
- Marcet Boiler Lab ReportUploaded byJohnConor
- A_bulb_is_rated_as_230V.docxUploaded bymanoj9007
- DensityUploaded byElla Rahman
- Assignment#2 ,Potential, Capacitors, Magnetic Force and FieldUploaded byBilal Khalid
- ASTM-C127!88!1993 - Specific Gravity Coarse AggregatesUploaded byrealchic
- HVAC AbbrevationsUploaded byahamedmubeen
- Unit-3Uploaded byVasanth Kumar
- 2b Flywheels Rev 3 100223Uploaded byMosa Dalahma
- Actuators 0708Uploaded byVinícius Favretto
- LM3478Uploaded byvetchboy
- JC2SA2PHYUploaded byLelouch1337
- geomagnetically induced currentUploaded byPARTHA SARATHI PAL