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Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

CEO Company Procedures Series


This nine-manual set is a comprehensive set of procedures and forms that
address every function of an organization and are essential to establish
strong controls and manage your core processes. You will get nine MSWord procedure manuals as listed below. Written by experts in the field, you
will receive easily editable Microsoft Word format templates you can
customize to fit your specific needs and you will enjoy a bundle discount of
45% off the list price... The newly updated CEO Procedure Manuals
Series includes over 6,500 pages of content. It contains 373 prewritten
procedures, 581 corresponding forms, Example Job Descriptions,
sample policy manuals, and more.
US$ 2995.00
How to Order:
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Includes 9 Complete Policy and


Procedure manuals:
Accounting:
39 Policies and 56
Forms
Finance:
36 Policies and 61
Forms
Computer & IT:
41 Policies and 75
Forms
Human Resources: 35 Policies and 48
Forms
Business Policies and Procedures
Sampler:
111 Policies and
129 Forms
Sales & Marketing 41 Policies and 102
Forms
ISO 9001:2008
23 Policies and 48
Forms
Security Planning 42 Policies and 31
Forms
Disaster Recovery 29 Policies and
Forms
Job descriptions for every position
referenced in the manual.

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Sample from the CEO Series Accounting Manual


Cash Management Section: Bank Account Reconciliations
Document ID
CSH107
Revision
0.0
Effective Date:
mm/dd/yyyy

Policy:
Purpose:

Title
BANK ACCOUNT RECONCILIATIONS

Print Date
mm/dd/yyyy
Date Prepared
Prepared By
mm/dd/yyyy
(name, title)
Reviewed By
Date Reviewed
(name, title)
mm/dd/yyyy
Approved By
Date Approved
(name, title)
mm/dd/yyyy
To ensure the accuracy of the companys bank account records by proving the monthly
balance shown in the banks Account Register.
To outline the practices for preparation of a Monthly Bank Reconciliation

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions
Scope:

This applies to all bank accounts maintained by the company.

Responsibilities:
CFO is responsible for review and approval of all reconciliations.
Controller is responsible for reconciling all checking accounts.
Background: Errors or omissions can be made to the company's bank account records due to the many
cash transactions that occur. Therefore, it is necessary to prove the monthly balance
shown in the bank account register. Cash on deposit with a bank is not available for
count and is therefore proved through the preparation of a reconciliation of the company's
record of cash in the bank and the bank's record of the company's cash that is on deposit.
Definitions:

Batch. All of the days credit card transactions are collected into a batch of
transactions. The batch is closed, usually at the end of the day, and the result is submitted
to the merchant processor as a single batch.
Settlement. The processor clears the credit card transactions in the batch and the result is
settled to the designated bank account. Settlement varies by Credit Card Company but
usually occurs in 2-3 days after a batch is closed.
Processor. The processor is responsible for authorizing credit card transactions and
settling each batch. The processor is also the company that one must interface with on all
discrepancies or chargebacks.
Charge backs. A chargeback occurs when a customer (cardholder) disputes a charge that
appears on their monthly credit card statement. If the dispute is unable to be resolved
then the transaction is charged back to the merchant. The processor charges the merchant
and returns the cardholders money.

Procedure:

1.0

BANK STATEMENT PREPARATION

1.1

After receipt of the monthly bank statement, including cleared checks, deposit slips and any other
transactions; the Controller should prepare the monthly bank reconciliation and have it carefully
reviewed by the CFO. The CFO review is especially important if a bookkeeper is hired to
perform other cash drawer or cash posting transactions. To preserve proper segregation of duties,
no single employee, other than the owner, should perform both cash transaction functions and
bank account reconciliations.

1.2

Prior to preparing the bank reconciliation, the accountant should review the bank statement for
any interest credits, bank charges and other fees. These should all be posted to the checking
account before reconciling. Note: some accounting systems allow for the entry of interest credits,
bank charges and other fees during the reconciliation process.

2.0
2.1

COMPUTERIZED FORMAT
In the computerized environment, the accounting system may provide an automated bank
reconciliation task. This task is generally selected once a month in conjunction with
receiving the month end bank statement. Once selected, the screen shows a list of all
items that have been posted to the cash account and that have not been cleared from the
previous month's account reconciliation. The screen is usually divided into two
segments: one half is a list of all checks and other charges reducing cash, and the other

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

half is a list of all deposits and other items increasing cash. This screen would also have
a field for entering the proper month end date and the balance at month end, per the bank.
2.2

After the account-reconciling task is successfully completed, a report is provided which


shows the reconciliation process, including outstanding checks and deposits in transit.
The actual format will vary depending on the accounting system, but in general, will
contain the same information as shown on the manually prepared report in CSH107 Ex1
SAMPLE BANK AND BOOK BALANCES RECONCILIATION TO CORRECTED
BALANCE.
Note: Print out the full (not a summary) report, staple it to the applicable bank statement, and file
the result as an important control feature. This will document that the bank statement has been
successfully reconciled.

3.0

MANUAL PREPARATION AND RECONCILING ITEMS

3.1

A monthly bank reconciliation starts with the ending bank statement balance. List any deposits in
transit that were made but were not yet recorded by the bank and add to the bank balance. Then,
list any checks that were written on the account prior to month-end, but which have not yet
cleared the bank and deducted from the bank balance. The ending balance should agree with the
balance "per books", i.e.: the balance recorded in the checking account.

3.2

Now perform the same process with the monthly reconciliation of the ending balance per the
company's books.
Total deposits and total disbursements should be reconciled to the bank statement, then
adjustments such as any interest or any other bank credit items should be listed and added to the
balance. Then, any bank charges, transfer fees, etc. should be listed and deducted from the
balance.
From these steps, the "corrected" ending book balance is derived and should equal the
"corrected" bank balance from the previous step.

3.3

Any discrepancies between the derived balance and the checkbook balance will require
research to determine the cause, such as recording errors, omissions, incorrect postings,
etc. In some cases, the discrepancy can be caused by not accurately entering all bank
generated credits and charges; such as fees, interest, etc. If the balances still do not equal,
the bank statement should be carefully reviewed for possible errors; such as, checks or
deposits clearing for amounts that do not agree with those posted to the store's checking
account.

4.0

COMPUTERIZED PREPARATION AND RECONCILING ITEMS

4.1

The same procedures as the manual tasks described above are followed in a computerized
environment. The primary difference is in the ease of preparation. All transactions, which were
not already cleared in the prior months reconciliation, are listed.

4.2

Start by checking or clicking off with the mouse or keyboard those transactions, (mainly checks
and other debit memos, and deposits and other credit memos) that agree with the bank statement.
Once all bank statement items have been found and clicked off on the screen, the remaining "uncleared" entries on the screen are, in effect, the list of outstanding checks and deposits in transit.
Furthermore, the screen typically provides a continually updating reconciled cash amount that
should agree to the ending bank balance amount once all items are correctly accounted for and

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions
cleared. Usually the accounting system does the math and the screen displays both the ending
bank balance and the reconciled cash amount with the remaining difference, if any.
4.3

Investigate all differences and enter any adjustments to the reconciliation or post to the cash
account in order to ensure an accurate bank balance.

5.0
5.1

ADJUSTMENTS AND OTHER TROUBLESHOOTING


In spite of the best of efforts, the reconciliation result may not agree with the bank
balance. The obvious first step is to make sure that all checks and deposits on the bank
statement agree with the entries in the cash account. Discrepancies of this type are
usually rare in computerized environments but may be caused by improperly recording
manual checks or credit card deposits and fees.
Checks are generally posted and printed simultaneously so that what shows up in the accounting
system will always agree to what was processed through the bank. Deposits are another matter.
The bank might group deposited checks differently than they were in the accounting system. As
explained in more detail in procedure CSH101 CASH DRAWERS AND CREDIT CARDS.
To simplify the month end reconciliation, receipts should be batched in a total deposit amount
that agrees to both the accounting system and the bank. Make sure to print a totaled deposit report
when daily receipts of checks and cash are batched for deposit. After making the bank deposit,
staple the validated bank deposit slip to the deposit report. This will document the two events: 1)
what was deposited per the accounting system, and 2) what was actually deposited in the bank.
These two amounts must agree. This helps eliminate deposit errors for check and cash receipts.

5.2 A more difficult reconciling task is in obtaining agreement of all credit card receipts. The difficulty
results from three unique situations. First, there is a time lag of several days between the time the
credit card transaction occurred in the store and the time it is settled or deposited to the store's
bank account. Second, depending on the type of credit card and/or the merchant provider, the fee
charged (typically 1% to 4%) on each transaction may be automatically deducted from the deposit
before it shows up on the bank statement. And third, chargebacks are usually deducted
immediately by the processor and only reversed if the dispute is resolved in the companys favor.
This may even occur before the chargeback notice has arrived in the mail.

Consequently, the deposit on the bank statement may not agree with the daily credit card
batch (receipts). In the face of these difficulties, the CFO and Controller should
thoroughly understand the particular credit card daily closing procedures. An end of day
report for each credit card closing should be printed and saved as a reference for the
month end reconciliation process.
Alternatively, the credit card processor will provide a month-end statement listing each
credit card batch submitted each day. This report can be used to reconcile the credit
card batches to the settlement deposits.
5.3 After reconciling checks and deposits, the next area to reconcile are bank generated Credit and Debit
memos. These can result from various events including, returned checks, returned check charges,
monthly bank activity charges, credit card merchant fees, charges from the use of debit cards,
interest income and other service charges. The CFO may not know many of these until the bank
statement is received. Each one of these entries must be entered and distributed to the proper
income or expense account. Whatever the accounting system, its reconciling program usually
provides a routine for entering these end of month bank credits and charges.

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions
5.4 After agreeing all checks and deposits and entering all other bank credits and charges, the balance per
accounting system and reconciled bank balance should agree. Any remaining difference must be
investigated. If there is no other explanation, an adjustment should be made. This would be
entered as a bank charge or credit and posted to a miscellaneous account.
5.5

Any outstanding checks or deposits in transit over six months old should be reviewed for
disposition including write-off by a journal entry.

Revision History:

Revision

Date

mm/dd/yy

Description of changes
Initial Release

Requested By

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions

Bizmanualz Sample from the CEO Series of Policies and Procedures Manuals

includes
an example policy, procedure, a list of topics, forms and job descriptions