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A COURSE IN TURBOMACHINERY QUESTIONS

A COURSE IN TURBOMACHINERY QUESTIONS

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You are on page 1of 3

Course

: MEE304

Class NBR

: 1265

Time

: Three Hours

- Turbomachines

Slot: A1+A2

Max.Marks:100

Answer any TEN Questions

(10 X 10 = 100 Marks)

1.

Define total-to-total and total-to-static efficiencies for gas turbines. Give the situations

where these efficiencies are used. State the reasons.

2.

a) A low pressure air compressor develops a pressure of 1500 mm W.G. If the initial

and final states of air are P1 = 1.02 bar, T1 = 300 K and T2 = 315 K, determine the

compressor and the infinitesimal stage efficiencies.

b) Another compressor changes the state of air from P1 = 1.02 bar, T1 = 300 K and

P2 = 2.5 bar with an efficiency of 75%. Determine the infinitesimal efficiency of this

compressor.

Explain the large deviation in the efficiency of this compressor from that of the L.P

compressor in (a)

3.

(a) Stagnation temperature

(b) Stagnation velocity of sound

(c) Stagnation density

(d) Adiabatic flow through nozzle

4.

column of water. The pressure and temperature at its entry are 0.98 bar and 310 K. The

electric motor driving the blower runs at 3000 rpm. The efficiencies of the fan and drive

are 82% and 88% respectively. The radial velocity remains constant and has a value of

0.2u2. The velocity at the inner eye is 0.4u2. If the blower handles 200 m3/min of air at

the entry conditions, determine:

(a) Power required by the electric motor,

(b) Impeller diameter,

Page 1 of 3

(d) Inner diameter of the blade ring,

(e) Impeller width at entry and exit,

(f) Specific speed.

5.

Sketch an axial fan stage with an inlet nozzle, UGVs, DGVs and outlet diffuser. Show

the variation of static pressure through such a stage. Draw the velocity triangles at the

entry and exit of the impeller.

6.

Air enters the inducer section of a centrifugal compressor at P01 = 1.02 bar, T01 = 335K.

The hub and tip diameters of the impeller eye are 10 cm and 25 cm respectively. If the

compressor runs at 7200 rpm and delivers 5.0 kg/s of air, determine the air angle at the

inducer blade entry and the relative Mach number. If IGVs are used to obtain a straight

inducer section, determine the air angles at the IGVs exit and the new value of the

relative Mach number.

7.

Explain with neat sketch the enthalpy-entropy diagram for flow through a centrifugal

compressor stage.

8.

Total-to-static pressure ratio

P01/P3 = 3.5

Exit pressure

1 bar

650C

= 0.66

d1/d2 =0.45

Rotor speed

N = 16000 rpm

2 =20

Nozzle efficiency

N =0.95

b2 =5 cm

Assuming constant meridional velocity, axial exit and that the properties of the working

fluid are the same as those of air, determine the following quantities:

(a) The rotor diameter, (b) the rotor blade exit air angle, (c) the mass-flow rate, (d) the

hub and tip diametersat the rotor exit (e) the power developed and (f) the total-to-static

efficiency of the stage.

9.

Draw the sketch of a ninety degree inward-flow radial turbine stage with an exit diffuser

showing its main components. What are the main advantages of this type over the other

types of inward-flow gas turbines.

Page 2 of 3

10.

A centrifugal pump delivers water against a net head of 14.5 meters and a design speed

of 1000 rpm. The vanes are curved back to an angle of 30 with the periphery. The

impeller diameter is 300 mm and outlet width 50 mm. Determine the discharge of the

pump if manometric efficiency is 95%.

11.

Obtain an expression for the work done by the centrifugal pump on water.

12.

A pelton wheel has a mean bucket speed of 10 metres per second with a jet of water

flowing at the rate of 0.70 m3/s under a head of 30 metres. The bucket deflects the jet

through an angle of 160. Calculate the power given by the water to the runner and the

hydraulic efficiency of the turbine. Assume co-efficient of velocity as 0.98.

13.

power. It is working under a head of 7.62 m. The peripheral velocity =0.26 2

. The

wheel runs at 150 rpm and the hydraulic losses in the turbine are 22% of the available

energy. Assuming radial discharge, determine :

(a) The guide blade angle, (b) The vane angle at inlet,

(c) Diameter of the wheel at inlet, and (d) Width of the wheel at inlet.

Page 3 of 3

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