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MATH23X EXIT EXAM REVIEW MATERIAL

ALGEBRA
1. Find x in the equation shown: 4x2 + 48x + 144 = 400
a. 16, 4
Answer:

b. -16, 4

c. -32, 8

d. -4, 16

Solution:

4x2 + 48x + 144 = 400


4x2 + 48x 256 = 0
x2 + 12x 64 = 0
(x + 16)(x 4) = 0,

x = -16, x = 4

2. The age of a crocodile at the Manila Zoo 13 years ago was 1/3 of its age 7 years
from now. How old is the crocodile at present?
a. 15

b. 21

Answer:

c. 23

d. 27

Solution:
Let x = present age, x 13 = age 13 years ago, x+ 7 = age 7 years
from now
1/3 (x+7)=x-13
x + 7 = 3x 39
-2x = -46
x = 23
So, the crocodile is 23 years old at present.
3. An airplane flying with the wind can cover a certain distance in 2 hours. The
return trip against the wind takes 2.5 hours. How fast is the plane and what is the
speed of the air, if the one-way distance is 600 miles? (Let x-speed of the plane, yspeed of the wind)
a. x = 40, y = 260 b. x = 30, y = 270 c. x = 270, y = 30 d. x = 230, y = 70
Answer:

Solution:
600/(x+y)=2 ,

600/(x-y)=5/2

2x + 2y = 600 ---------------- >


5x 5y = 1200 -------------- >

x + y = 300
x y = 240

----------------------2x = 540
x = 270
y = 300 270 = 30
speed of the plane: x = 270 , speed of the wind : y = 30
4. How many gallons of 20% alcohol solution and 50% alcohol solution must be
mixed to get 9 gallons of 30% alcohol solution?
a.

3 gallons of 20% solution and 6 gallons of 50% solution

b.

6 gallons of 20% solution and 6 gallons of 50% solution

c.

5 gallons of 20% solution and 3 gallons of 50% solution

d.

6 gallons of 20% solution and 3 gallons of 50% solution

Answer:

Solution:
(0.20)(x) + (0.50)(9-x) = (0.30)(9)
2x +45 5x = 27
-3x = -18
x = 6 gallons -------- > amount of 20% alcohol solution
y = 9 x = 3 gallons --------- > amount of 50% alcohol solution
5. How many different second order determinant can be formed from four different
numbers?
a. 4
Answer:

b. 8

c. 16

d. 24

Solution:
4! = 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 24

x
6. If

1
1
x

A. -2

x3

1
x3

, find the value of


B. -1

C.1

D. 2

7. The product of two numbers is 16. If 1 is subtracted from each number, the
product is 8. What is the sum of the two numbers?
A.6

B.8

C.9

D.10

8. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression,


the value of x equals
A.1

B. -1

C.5

D. 0

9. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 27 m. Each time that it hits the ground it
bounces to a height 2/3 of that from which it fell. Find the total distance travelled
by the ball until it comes to rest?
A. 80

B. 81

C. 135

D. infinite

10. A father is three times as old as his son. Four years ago, he was four times as
old as his son. How old is his son?
A.10

B.12

C. 15

D.16

11 An advertising firm has an old computer that can prepare a whole mailing in 6
.
hours.
With the help of a newer model the job is complete in 2 hours. How long would
it
take the newer model to do the job alone?
a) 4
b) 3
c) 2
d) 1
12
.

2x 1 x 7 4
Solve for x in the equation:
a)

37

b)

13
What is the 6th term in the expansion of
.
a)

61236 x 10 y 15

b)

61236 x 5 y 5

.
c)

37
4

( 3 x 2 y 3 )
c)

d)

7
4

10

61326 x 10 y 3

d)
10

6123 x y

15

1
4.

Find the value of y in the given system:

x+ y+ z=3

2 x y+ 3 z =4
3 x2 y+ z =2

a)

b) 2

c)

d)

15.On a trip Harry drove a steady speed for 3 hours. An accident slowed his
speed by 30 mph for the last part of the trip. If the 190-mile trip took 4 hours,
what was his speed during the first part of the trip?
a) 45 mph
b) 55 mph
c) 15 mph
d) 25 mph
16.Paul can finish a job in 2 hrs less than John. Working together they can finish
it in 2 hours and 24 minutes. How long would it take Paul to finish the job
working alone?
a) 6 hrs
b) 4/5 hrs
c) 2 hrs
d) 4 hrs
17.To produce 100 liters that is 17% acid, Jennifer took some amount from a 40%
acid solution and a 60% acid solution then added 70 liters of pure water to
the resulting mixture. How much of the 40% acid solution was used?
a) 5 liters
b) 25 liters
c) 15 liters
d) 20
liters

f x x2 4

1,3

18.The domain of the function


is
. What is the domain and the
range of its inverse?
a) Domain: [5,-3]
Range: [1,3]
c) Domain: (-3,5)
Range: [1,3]
b) Domain: [5,-3)
Range: [1,3]
d) Domain: [-3,5]
Range: [1,3]
19.Rica ate a total of 100 raisins over a 5-day period. Each day, she ate six more
raisins than on the previous day. How many did he eat on the first day?
a) 24
b) 18
c) 14
d) 8
20.If 4x3 + 18x2 + 8x 4 is divided by 2x + 3, compute the remainder.
R(-3/2) = 4(-3/2) + 18(-3/2) + 8(-3/2) -4
= 11
A. 11

B. 9

C. -8

D. 10

21.A man is 41 years old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be
three times as old as his son?

3 (9 + x) = 41 + x
27 + 3x = 41 + x
x=7
A. 5
B. 6

C. 7

D. 8

22.If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic


progression, the value of x equals
2x + 3 (x + 2) = 5x 6 (2x + 3)
x=5
A.1
B. -1

C.5

D. 0

23. The sum of two numbers is 40 and their difference is 16. Find the smaller
number.
x + y = 40
x y = 16
x = 28

(1)
(2)

y = 12
B. 12

A. 10

C. 21

D. 3

2
4.

A rectangular lot has a perimeter of 40 meters and an area of 96 sq. meters.


What are the dimensions of the lot?
a) 12 x 8 meters
b) 24 x 16 meters
c) 15 x 5 meters d) 30 x 10
meters

2
5.

Solve for x in the equation: x+ 1 4 x +9 =0.


a) -2, 4

2
6.

c) 2

What is the 6th term in the expansion of


a)

2
7.

b) 2, -4

30

252 x y

20

b)

15

10

252 x y

Find the value of x in the given system:

x2 yz=3
x+ y+ z=4

x3 yz=4

d) 4
10

( x 32 y 2 )
c)

30

8064 x y

20

d)

8064 x 15 y 10

a)

b) 2

c)

d)

2
8.

Determine the equation whose roots are the reciprocals of the roots of the
equation
3x2 - 13x - 10 = 0.
a) 10x2 + 13x 3 b) 10x2 + 13x + 3 =
c) 8x2 - 13x 3
d) 10x2 + 10x
=0
0
=0
3=0

2
9.

Six years ago, Romel was five times as old as Lejon. In five years, Romel will be
three times as old as Lejon. What is the present age of Lejon?
a) 13 years old
b) 15 years old
c) 16 years old
d) 17 years
old

3
0.

How many liters of 10% salt solution must be added to 20% salt solution in
order to obtain 10 liters of 12% salt solution?
a) 6 liters
b) 7 liters
c) 8 liters
d) 10 liters

3
1.

Find the value of x from the following equations.


Equation (1)
Equation (2)
Equation (3)
a)

b)

c)

d)

32. The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is seven. When the digits are
reversed, the number is increased by 27. Find the number.
A. 52

B. 25

C. 16

D. 61

33. Which of the given diagram of intervals is being determined by the inequality: |
x-2|< where >0?

34. Find the nth terms of the geometric sequence with a5 = 5/4 and a12 = 160.
A. n = (5/4) 2^n
n = (5/64) 2^(n-1)

B. n = (5/4) 2^(n-1)

C. n = (5/64) 2^n

D.

35. Find the value of x + y in the given system:

x 2y z 4
2 x y z 2
x 2y z 2
A. 2/3

B.

5/3

C. . 7/3

D. . 10/3

36. The product of two numbers is 16. If 1 is subtracted from each number, the
product is 8. What is the sum of the two numbers?
a) 6

b) 8

c) 9

d) 10

37. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression,
what is the value of x?
a)+ 1

b) -1

c) 5

d) 0

38. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 27 m. Each time that it hits the ground
it bounces to a height 2/3 of that from which it fell. Find the total distance travelled
by the ball until it comes to rest?
a) 80 m
infinite

b) 81 m

c) 135 m

d)

39. A father is three times as old as his son. Four years ago, he was four times as
old as his son. How old is his son?
a) 10 years old
d) 16 years old

b) 12 years old

c) 15 years old

x .

40 Solve for the value of


.

2 x y+ z=6

x3 y2 z=13
2 x 3 y3 z=16
a) 4
4
1.

Find the term involving

a)
4
2.

b) 3

8064 x 10 y 5

b)

c) 2

y5

in the expansion of

8046 x 5 y 5

c)

d) 1

( 2 x2 + y )

10

8046 x 10 y 5

d)

4680 x 5 y 5

An airplane flying with the wind took 2 hours to travel 1000 km, and 2.5 hours
in flying back. What was the wind velocity in kph?
a) 40
b) 50
c) 60
d) 70