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Mathematics Extension 1

Contents

Question 11 ............................................................................................................................................. 2

Question 12 ............................................................................................................................................. 3

Question 13 ............................................................................................................................................. 4

Question 14 ............................................................................................................................................. 5

Question 11

(a)

1 e

x 2

recognised that they had obtained a quadratic factor in terms of e x that was

positive definite. Some candidates attempted to solve the quadratic factor and

obtained an incorrect inequality. Many candidates did not check their solution to

ensure it was within the domain of the question.

(b)

The majority of candidates provided the correct solution. Candidates are reminded

that LHopitals rule is not an accepted method for solving limits in HSC

examinations, as it is out of the scope of the syllabus.

(c)

This question was done poorly. Candidates are reminded that in external division

problems, the ratio is negative and that they may also assume the ratio to be in the

form r :1 , not necessarily in the form m : n . In better responses, candidates

correctly obtained expressions for x0 and y0 , then rearranged to find an

expression for the ratio r :1 . In weaker responses, candidates struggled to begin

the question or correctly use the ratio division of a line formula.

(d)

This question was done well. The majority of candidates managed to obtain the

correct asymptote and identified the correct domain and range, and graphed the

given function. In weaker responses, candidates showed working that indicated

some understanding of the features of the graph, but failed to produce a sketch of

the graph.

(e)

(i)

The majority of candidates correctly utilised the given substitution and proceeded

to use the double angle for the cosine function to manipulate the integral.

However, quite a few candidates forgot to convert their primitive function from

being in terms of back to being in terms of x. Candidates are reminded that is it

essential that they always leave their answer in terms of the same variable that is

given in the original integral.

(ii) The majority of candidates who obtained the correct expression for part (i) also

obtained the correct answer here. In weaker responses, candidates incorrectly

manipulated the integral and thus integrated an incorrect expression. A common

error was to forget a minus sign when performing the algebraic manipulation of

the numerator. Candidates who attempted an or otherwise approach were

generally unsuccessful in finding the correct primitive.

Question 12

(a)

(b)

This was generally well done by most candidates. A common error was acquiring

3 2

3

the answer

instead of

.

8

8

(i)

Some candidates used the t-formula to obtain the result. Others decomposed

sin sin

using compound angles and were often successful. Some

cos cos

sin sin

candidates incorrectly expressed tan

as cos cos .

2

(ii) Most candidates used the sine rule to successfully prove the result.

(c)

(i)

A common error was getting the incorrect sign of the square root where

candidates expressed the velocity equation as v 2 kx 1 which does not

satisfy the initial conditions. Candidates who obtained the primitive of 1 kx as

1 kx

2k

rather than x

kx 2

were generally more successful.

2

(ii) This was generally well done by most candidates, particularly those who were

successful in part (i).

(d)

(i)

Some candidates used an appropriate approach to find the area but were unable to

successfully acquire the answer. Few candidates used the fact that PQ was a focal

chord, which led to the result pq 1 , to help obtain the answer solely in terms

of p.

1

1 . Some

p2

1

Another common error involved the omission of the factor 1 2 from the

p

Question 13

(a)

(b)

(i)

Very few candidates made the connection between the given expression and the

n k

explicit expansion of

. Some candidates provided an invalid argument of

k

the result being true due to the given expression being the product of n consective

integers.

(ii)

Some candidates failed to read the question properly, and instead attempted to

perform induction on m. Of those who performed induction on n, many were

successful in evaluating the base case. During the inductive step, many candidates

expanded mk m ! incorrectly. Few candidates were able to recognise the use of

part (i) to assist in them in the proof for n k 1 .

(i)

(ii)

Many candidates were successful in identifying that they were required to solve

the inequality P k P k 1 . Some candidates instead solved P k 1 P k

and whilst this is a valid method, many failed to realise that this leads to the most

likely outcome being the solution for k 1 rather than k.

(iii) Few candidates realised that m 1 being divisible by n implied that equality

occurs in P k P k 1 .

(c)

This question was done poorly by many candidates, who simplified the problem

to a large extent by assuming various properties. For example, a common

assumption was that O is the centre of both circles. Many candidates who

assumed this were able to demonstrate the result very quickly, but were not

awarded any marks. Another common assumption was that AOM is a straight line.

Whilst this is true, very few candidates proved this, which was required to gain

full marks. Many candidates proved the required result without first proving

collinearity of A, O and M.

(d)

rearrange the given sum, but were generally unsuccessful in identifying a pattern.

n

n

In better responses, candidates realised the significance of the result 2 n

r 0 r

and were generally successful in proving the result.

Question 14

(a)

(b)

This question was generally done poorly. Less successful responses often had 10k

as part of their result without explanation. Few candidates acquired part of the

answer, but were generally unsuccessful in acquiring the rest of the answer.

(i)

Many candidates who acquired the result did not verify that it was a maximum.

Of those who did, many candidates simply used the table of values method and

wrote down plus and minus signs. Candidates are reminded that unless they have

actual values to substitute in or a proper algebraic argument, this is not sufficient

to prove a maximim. Very few candidates used the given condition 0 nt

to

(c)

(ii)

Candidates who were successful in (i) were almost always successful in acquiring

the result in this part. However, there were many non-attempts from candidates

who had failed to obtain the relevant equations of motion.

(i)

integration, which required the use of partial fractions. Almost all candidates who

attempted this method were unsuccessful.

(ii)

This question was generally done well. Some candidates proved the result

successfully by solving the differential equation directly via integration. However,

candidates attempting this method had a significantly increased amount of

working involved compared to those who differentiated the given expression to

show that it satisfies the equation.

(iii) Very few candidates attempted this part. Candidates who did generally abandoned

their attempt when they acquired the expression eat 2ebt 1 .

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