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WATER LEVEL

INDICATOR
Done by-Sharath Sunil
Class-XII-A,Roll No.36

INDEX
S.N
o

Content

Pg. No

1.

Certificate

2.

Acknowledgement

3.

Introduction

4.

Need for water level


indicator

5.

Circuit Elements

6.

Details of Components

7.

Working Principle

8.

Application

9.

Advantages

10.

Scope

10

11.

Circuit Diagram

11

12.

Project Images

12

13.

Bibliography

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I would like to express my special
thanks of gratitude to my physics
Sir Mr.Tony Mathew and also to my
Principal
Mrs.Sujatha
Shiva
Krishnan who gave me the golden
opportunity to do this wonderful
project on the topic-WATER LEVEL
INDICATOR which also helped me
in research and gain knowledge
about many new things. Secondly, I
would like to thank my parents and
friends who gave me a big support
in order to accomplish my project.

INTRODUCTION
The Water Level Indicator
employs a simple mechanism
to detect and indicate the
water level in an overhead
tank or any other water

container. The sensing is done


by using 4 probes which are
placed at 4 different levels on
the tank walls(with probe 4 to
probe 1 placed in increasing
order of height, common
probe(i.e. supply carrying
probe) is placed at the bottom
of the tank). The level 4
represents the Tank Full
condition while Level 1
represents the Empty Tank
condition.

NEED FOR WATER LEVEL


INDICATOR
To Overcome Overflow
Problems
To Prevent Wastage Of
Water
To Prevent Wastage Of
Energy
Attention And Observation
For Sustainable Use Of
Water And
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Judicious Use Of Electricity

CIRCUIT ELEMENTS
4 Transistor BC 548
6 Resistors 220 ohm
LED Bulbs
Red
Yellow
Green

Buzzer

9V Battery
Battery Cap
PCB Board
Connecting Wires
Soldering Wires
5

Solder

DETAILS OF COMPONENTS
1)Resistance
The electrical resistance of an electrical
conductor
is a measure of the difficulty
to pass an electric current through that
conductor. The inverse quantity is electrical
conductance, the ease with which an
electric current passes.

2)Light Emitting Diode (LED)


A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two lead
semiconductor light source. It is a pinjunction diode, which emits light when
activated. When a suitable voltage is
applied to the leads, electrons are able to
recombine with electron holes within the
device, releasing energy in the form of
photons.

3)Transistor
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A transistor is a semiconductor device used


to amplify or switch electronic signals and
electrical power. It is composed of
semiconductor material with at least three
terminals for connection to an external
circuit.

WORKING PRINCIPLE
The operation of this project is very
simple and can be understood
easily. In our project Water Level
Indicating System there are 4
main conditions:
There is no water available in the
source tank.
Intermediate level i.e. tank is
almost half filled.
There is ample amount of water
available in the source tank i.e.
tank is filled to of its capacity.
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The water is about to overflow

APPLICATION
Water level indicator is used in
applications like storage tanks,
boilers etc. to indicate level of
water inside.
Can be used to measure
underground storage of water
It is used to predict arrival of floods
It can be used to calculate
incoming and outgoing water in
large reservoirs
Automatic Water level Controller
can be used in Hotels, Factories,
Homes Apartments, Commercial
Complexes, Drainage, etc..
Automatic water level controller
will automatically START the pump
as soon as the water level falls
below the predetermined level and
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shall SWITCH OFF the pump set as


soon as tank is full.
Fuel level indicator in vehicles.
Liquid level indicator in the huge
containers in the companies.

ADVANTAGES
The system easily indicates when
water level is full in tank with beep.
Low Maintenance
Compact elegant design
Now no need to go on the roof to
check water level.
Eco-Friendly
Alarms starts ringing as soon as
tank becomes full
It ensures no overflows or dry
running of pump there by saves
electricity and water
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Avoid seepage of roofs and walls


due to overflowing tanks
Fully automation, saves man
power
Consume very little electricity,
ideal for continuous operation

SCOPE
This circuit not only indicates the
amount of water present in the
overhead tank but also gives an
alarm when the tank is full. This
worthy device starts ringing as
soon as the water tank becomes
full. It helps to check overflow and
wastage of water by warning the
customer when the tank is about
to brim. It also provides automatic
control of pumps at a remote
location.
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Now no need to go on the roof to


look the water level.
It shows the water level in your
room like 1/4 tank, 1/2 tank, 3/4
tank and full tank.
Alarm starts ringing as soon as
tank becomes full.
Suitable for every tank.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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PROJECT IMAGES

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When there is no water in


the tank

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When the tank is filled 33%

When the tank is filled 66%

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When the tank is filled


fully, the buzzer starts
buzzing

BIBLIOGRAPHY
NCERT Physics Class 12
Together With Lab Manual
PhysicsXII
Wikipedia
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www.slideshare.com

THANK YOU!!!

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