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CHINESE CIVILIZATION

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

CULTURAL MANIFESTATIONS:

Emperor, Nobility, Traders, Peasants, Slaves.

Confucianism: Every action had a few causes and consequences, and the mission
was to understand people.
Taoism: The harmony between nature and human beings, as well as the
abandonment of desires to achieve happiness.
Buddhism: The eradication of suffering and abandonment of desire.

GREEK CIVILIZATION
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:
Aristocracy, Perioeci, Slaves.

CULTURAL MANIFESTATIONS:
Greek mythology: Gaia (earth), Uranus (heaven), Cronos (Time) and Rhea, Hera
(family), Demeter (Agriculture), Hestia (home), Zeus (lightning), Poseidon (sea), Hades
(hell) Aphrodite (love), Dionysius (wine), Hermes (trade), Hephaestus (fire), Ares (war),
Artemis (hunting), Apollo (beauty), Athena (wisdom).
The architecture: It began in Crete where the palaces were economic, political and
religious center of the cities. In Athens, Acropolis called walled centers and public
places for debate calls agora were built.

ROMAN CIVILIZATION
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:

CULTURAL MANIFESTATIONS:

Aristocracy or Nobility, Knights, Urban and

Laws: The most important and original creation, established standards based on

rural Plebs, Slaves.

reason, equity and usefulness and making the right science. The Romans defined,
substantiated and classified laws, creating techniques and formulas for trials. Roman
law is in force in the current systems of justice of the Western peoples.

AZTEC CIVILIZATION
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:
Nobility or Piles, Traders or Pochteca, Farmers
and craftsmen, Serfs and slaves.

TEMPORARY LOCATION:
There were other indigenous groups that invaded the Mexican plateau before the
formation of the Aztec civilization: Teotihuacan Culture, Olmeca Culture, Zapoteca
Culture, Mixteca Culture, Tolteca Invasion, Chichimeca Invasion.

The main unit of Aztec society was the Calpulli,


consisting of several families had a common
ancestor. Calpulli each had their own gods,
chiefs and land for agriculture.

MAYAN CIVILIZATION
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:

Mayan society was organized in clans or family

TEMPORARY LOCATION:

Priests, Nobles, Traders, Artisans and peasants,

groups who recognized a common ancestor and

Ancient Empire, New Empire.

Slaves.

had a strong decision in social classes.

INCA CIVILIZATION
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:

The basic unit of social organization of the Inca

High nobility, Low nobility, Artisans and peasants,

Empire was the Ayllu or small town formed by a

Servants.

group of families.

TEMPORARY LOCATION:
Formative period, Classical Period
Post-Classic Period.