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NURRUNGAR, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Base Address
Base Age
Region
Date of Last Data Review

Woomera, SA
1969
South Australia
March 2013

Description
The Nurrungar site comprises an area of
approximately 1,600 hectares and is located
approximately 470 kilometres north of Adelaide,
and 22 kilometres south west of the Woomera
Township. The facility was commissioned in the
late 1960s as a Joint United States Air Force and
Australian Defence Force establishment.
The site was mainly used as a surveillance facility
for the early detection of missile launches.
Operational activity ceased in October 1999,
when operations were relocated to Pine Gap, near Alice Springs.

Base Activities
Activities carried out at the site in the past included the bulk storage and distribution of fuel
in above ground and underground storage tanks, the operation of a powerhouse, the use of
firing ranges, and the operation of an incinerator pit.
Waste disposal also occurred across an area to the south of former sewerage ponds and in
stockpiles generated to the east of the incinerator pit.

Contamination Information
Known Contamination
Known contamination around the base includes: Fuel related contamination.
Some leakage/disposal of fuel and fuel related compounds is known to have occurred
from several sources around the Nurrungar site. These leakages have resulted in areas
of contaminated soil around the old pump house, above ground storage tanks,
powerhouse, triple interceptor pit (near the powerhouse), old incinerator, a radome
and the old security building.

Commonwealth of Australia 2013

This work is copyright. Apart from any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any
process without prior written permission from the Department of Defence.

Version 1: 1 October 2013

Waste disposal areas.


A range of wastes have been disposed into landfills around the Nurrungar site,
including incinerated waste. These disposal practices have led to some areas of heavy
metal and fuel related contamination of soil and groundwater.
Risk Assessment Rating
Potential risks from known contamination have been identified on the base. These risks are
actively managed by Defence to ensure that impact to human health and the environment
is minimised. There is no indication that contamination extends off-site based on the works
completed at the base.
Current Status
The site has had several Stage 1 desktop assessments and Stage 2 intrusive investigations
completed to assess the quality of soil and groundwater on the site. Some remediation
works have also been completed in 1996 to address some asbestos contamination issues
identified at that time.
Investigations completed to date have identified the need for remediation works to be
considered around some areas of the base. Stage 3 investigations to assess risks from
known contamination and design the scope of any required remediation works have been
recommended and prioritised by Defence for completion.
Other Information
Nine reports relating to the environmental condition at the site have been completed
between 1996 and 2001. For further details relating to these documents, contact
Department of Defence at ncrp@defence.gov.au.

Commonwealth of Australia 2013

This work is copyright. Apart from any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any
process without prior written permission from the Department of Defence.

Version 1: 1 October 2013