Formulae sheets for quick reference. Highly useful for school students preparing for board or competitive examinations like IIT JEE, NEET etc. The students can also use these formulae as posters in study room.

© All Rights Reserved

150 views

Formulae sheets for quick reference. Highly useful for school students preparing for board or competitive examinations like IIT JEE, NEET etc. The students can also use these formulae as posters in study room.

© All Rights Reserved

- Nelson Chemistry Grade 12 Textbook
- MATHEMATICAL TOOLS-NEET
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions Volume 1: Mechanics, Waves, and Optics
- IIT JEE Inorganic Chemistry Study material.pdf
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions Volume 2: Heat, Electromagnetism and Modern Physics
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions: Book's Key Features
- AIEEE Class XII 01 Phy Electrostatics
- APEX TEST SERIES FOR IIT-JEE
- IONIC EQUILLIBRIUM FOR IIT-JEE ENTRANCE TEST by S.K.sinha See Chemistry Animations at http://openchemistry.in
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 2 Physics by Jitender Singh and Shraddhesh Chaturvedi
- Acc Sample Maths
- KVPY SA Stream Solution 2009
- Compressive Physics XII
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 1 Physics
- Chemistry Answer
- Maths+quest
- PEKA Physics 3
- Magnetic Effect of Current 1 MM
- Physics Quest
- Exam Organic Chemistry I Whitten

You are on page 1of 12

P h y si cs

S h e e t f or

www . c o n c e p t s - o

f - p h y s i c s . c om

u

Speed of light

Planck constant

Gravitation constant

Boltzmann constant

Molar gas constant

Avogadros number

Charge of electron

Permeability of vacuum

Permitivity of vacuum

Coulomb constant

Faraday constant

Mass of electron

Mass of proton

Mass of neutron

Atomic mass unit

Atomic mass unit

Stefan-Boltzmann

constant

Rydberg constant

Bohr magneton

Bohr radius

Standard atmosphere

Wien

displacement

constant

c

h

hc

G

k

R

NA

e

0

Projectile Motion:

3 108 m/s

6.63 10 34 J s

1242 eV-nm

6.67 10 11 m3 kg 1 s

1.38 10 23 J/K

8.314 J/(mol K)

6.023 1023 mol 1

1.602 10 19 C

4 10 7 N/A2

y = ut sin 12 gt2

g

y = x tan

x2

2u2 cos2

2u sin

u2 sin 2

u2 sin2

T =

, R=

, H=

g

g

2g

x = ut cos ,

R1

B

a0

atm

b

1.097 107 m 1

9.27 10 24 J/T

0.529 10 10 m

1.01325 105 Pa

2.9 10 3 m K

Linear momentum: p~ = m~v

Newtons first law: inertial frame.

Newtons second law: F~ =

Banking angle:

v2

rg

= tan ,

Notation: ~a = ax + ay | + az k

q

Magnitude: a = |~a| = a2x + a2y + a2z

~

a ~b

~

a

ax bz )

| + (ax by

m~a0 ,

v2

r

mv 2

r

Fcentrifugal =

~vav =

~r/ t,

~vinst = d~r/dt

~aav =

~v / t

~vB

l

l cos

g

~ = F S cos ,

Work: W = F~ S

W =

Kinetic energy: K = 12 mv 2 =

p2

2m

Potential energy: F =

v2

mg

ay bx )k

1.2: Kinematics

ac =

s = ut + 12 at2 ,

+tan

1 tan

~b

v = u + at,

mv 2

r ,

Conical pendulum: T = 2

az by ) + (az bx

v2

rg

fkinetic = k N

p

p

vmin, bottom = 5gl, vmin, top = gl

1.1: Vectors

~a ~b = (ay bz

F~BA

MECHANICS

Cross product:

F~ = m~a

d~

p

dt ,

Centripetal force: Fc =

F

me

mp

mn

u

u

1

40

u cos

8.85 10 12 F/m

9 109 N m2 /C2

96485 C/mol

9.1 10 31 kg

1.6726 10 27 kg

1.6749 10 27 kg

1.66 10 27 kg

931.49 MeV/c2

5.67 10 8 W/(m2 K4 )

u sin

u2 = 2as

~

F~ dS

Ugravitational = mgh,

Uspring = 12 kx2

and depends only on initial and final points:

H

F~conservative d~r = 0.

Work-energy theorem: W =

conservative in nature.

Power Pav =

W

t

Pinst = F~ ~v

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

Centre of mass: xcm =

P

Pxi mi ,

mi

mr 2

xcm =

R

R xdm

dm

m1

ring

m2 r

m1 +m2

2r

4. Semicircular disc: yc =

4r

3

6. Solid Hemisphere: yc =

m1 r

m1 +m2

h

3

3r

8

2r

4r

3

~vcm =

Impulse: J~ =

mi~vi

,

M

p~cm = M~vcm ,

F~ dt =

~acm

disk

shell

2

1

2

2

2 mr m(a +b )

12

mr 2

sphere

rod

hollow

solid rectangle

Ik

Radius of Gyration: k =

r

2

3r

8

F~ext

=

M

p~

y

x

I/m

~ = ~r p~,

Angular Momentum: L

~ =

Ic

d

cm

Torque: ~ = ~r F~ ,

the solid cone and h/3 for the hollow cone.

P

Motion of the CM: M =

mi

P

2

1

12 ml

h

3

r

2

5. Hemispherical shell: yc =

2

2

5 mr

m2

r

C

3. Semicircular ring: yc =

2

2

3 mr

1. m1 , m2 separated by r:

2

1

2 mr

f - p h y s i c s . c om

~

dL

dt ,

~ = I~

L

!

y

P ~

F

~

r x

= I

O

~ ~ext = 0 =) L

~ = const.

Conservation of L:

P~

P

Equilibrium condition:

F = ~0,

~ = ~0

Kinetic Energy: Krot = 12 I! 2

Dynamics:

F~ext = m~acm ,

p~cm = m~vcm

2

2

1

1

~

K = 2 mvcm + 2 Icm ! , L = Icm !

~ + ~rcm m~vcm

~cm = Icm

~,

1.7: Gravitation

Before collision After collision

Collision:

m1

m2

v1

m1

m2

v10

v2

v20

2

2

Elastic Collision: 12 m1 v1 2+ 12 m2 v2 2 = 12 m1 v10 + 12 m2 v20

Coefficient of restitution:

(v10 v20 )

1,

e=

=

0,

v1 v2

If v2 = 0 and m1

m2 then v20 = 2v1 .

Elastic collision with m1 = m2 : v10 = v2 and v20 = v1 .

F F

m2

Potential energy: U =

GM m

r

Gravitational acceleration: g =

completely elastic

completely in-elastic

m1

2

Gravitational force: F = G mr1 m

2

GM

R2

Variation of g with height: goutside g 1

2h

R

h

R

gat pole > gat equator (* Re Rp 21 km)

Eect of earth rotation on apparent weight:

!

~

Angular velocity: !av =

Angular Accel.: av =

t,

!

t,

!=

=

d

dt ,

d!

dt ,

~v = !

~ ~r

mg0 = mg

mg

m! 2 R cos2

m! 2 R cos

~a =

~ ~r

! = !0 + t,

= !t + 12 t2 ,

Moment of Inertia: I =

mi ri 2 ,

!2

I=

!0 2 = 2

r2 dm

Escape velocity: ve =

GM

R

2GM

R

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

vo

Keplers laws:

a

Compressibility: K =

Poissons ratio:

1

B

F/A

l/l ,

B=

P

V

F

A

, =

1 dV

V dP

lateral strain

longitudinal strain

1

2

D/D

l/l

Acceleration: a =

d2 x

dt2

Time period: T =

2

!

k

mx

=

= 2

!2 x

Surface energy: U = SA

k

m

Displacement: x = A sin(!t + )

p

Velocity: v = A! cos(!t + ) = ! A2

pair = 2S/R,

x2

Capillary rise: h =

U

K

0

Total energy: E = U + K = 12 m! 2 A2

Simple pendulum: T = 2

Physical Pendulum: T = 2

1

k1

2S cos

rg

Hydrostatic pressure: p = gh

v2

v1

Viscous force: F =

dv

A dx

I

mgl

Equation of continuity: A1 v1 = A2 v2

p

Torricellis theorem: veux = 2gh

l

g

Torsional Pendulum T = 2

1

keq

psoap = 4S/R

Kinetic energy K = 12 mv 2

Springs in series:

Elastic energy: U =

Hookes law: F =

Modulus of rigidity: Y =

~

Second: Areal velocity is constant. (* dL/dt

= 0).

4 2 3

Third: T 2 / a3 . In circular orbit T 2 = GM

a .

f - p h y s i c s . c om

Poiseuillis equation:

Volume flow

time

I

k

1

k2

Terminal velocity: vt =

k1

pr 4

8l

r

l

)g

k2

k2

k1

~

A

2r 2 (

9

~2

A

~1

A

x1 = A1 sin !t,

x2 = A2 sin(!t + )

x = x1 + x2 = A sin(!t + )

q

A = A1 2 + A2 2 + 2A1 A2 cos

tan =

A2 sin

A1 + A2 cos

Visit www.concepts-of-physics.com

to buy IIT JEE Physics (1978-2015:

38 Year) Topic-wise Complete Solutions. Foreword by Prof HC Verma.

F or m u l a e

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

Waves

f - p h y s i c s . c om

2

2L

@2y

@x2

2

1 @ y

v 2 @t2 .

3

2L

1

2

T = =

,

v= ,

k=

y = f (t

x/v),

+x;

1. Boundary conditions: y = 0 at x = 0

y

A

y = A sin(kx

x

2

t/T ))

4L

0, 1, 2, . . ..

q

1

T

3. Fundamental/1st harmonics: 0 = 4L

q

3

T

4. 1st overtone/3rd harmonics: 1 = 4L

q

5

T

5. 2nd overtone/5th harmonics: 2 = 4L

T

,

n =

with mass per unit length

p

and tension T : v = T /

2

2 2

Interference:

y1 = A1 sin(kx

/2

y = f (t + x/v),

Sonometer: /

1

L,

T, /

p1 .

n

2L

!t),

y2 = A2 sin(kx

!t + )

y = y1 + y2 = A sin(kx !t + )

q

A = A1 2 + A2 2 + 2A1 A2 cos

Standing Waves:

Pressure wave: p = p0 cos !(t

x/v)

x/v), p0 = (B!/v)s0

s

s

B

Y

vliquid =

, vsolid =

,

A2 sin

tan =

A1 + A2 cos

2n,

constructive;

=

(2n + 1), destructive.

2A cos kx

S h e e t f or

Intensity: I =

A

2 2 B

2 2

v s0

p0 2 v

2B

vgas =

p0 2

2v

/4

p1 = p0 sin !(t

y1 = A1 sin(kx

!t),

y2 = A2 sin(kx + !t)

x/v),

n + 12 2 , nodes; n = 0, 1, 2, . . .

x=

n2,

antinodes. n = 0, 1, 2, . . .

1. Boundary condition: y = 0 at x = 0

/2

q

n

T

2. Allowed Freq.: L = n 2 , = 2L

, n = 1, 2, 3, . . ..

q

1

T

3. Fundamental/1st harmonics: 0 = 2L

v

2. Allowed freq.: L = (2n + 1) 4 , = (2n + 1) 4L

, n=

0, 1, 2, . . .

3. Fundamental/1st harmonics: 0 =

v

4L

3v

4L

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

5v

4L

Path dierence:

f - p h y s i c s . c om

d

S2

A

N

A

N

A

Phase dierence:

x=

v

2L

2v

2L

3v

2L

2n,

constructive;

=

(2n + 1), destructive,

1. Boundary condition: y = 0 at x = 0

v

Allowed freq.: L = n 2 , = n 4L

, n = 1, 2, . . .

2. Fundamental/1st harmonics: 0 =

P

y

S1

dy

D

x=

n ,

n+

1

2

constructive;

destructive

Intensity:

p

I = I1 + I2 + 2 I1 I2 cos ,

p

p

p 2

Imax =

I1 + I2 , Imin =

I1

p 2

I2

l2 + d

l1 + d

Resonance column:

Fringe width: w =

Optical path:

D

d

x0 = x

l1 + d = 2 ,

l2 + d =

3

4

v = 2(l2

l1 )

p1 = p0 sin !1 (t

x/v),

p = p1 + p2 = 2p0 cos

! = (!1 + !2 )/2,

p2 = p0 sin !2 (t

!(t

! = !1

!2

x = 2d =

n ,

n+

1

2

constructive;

destructive.

x/v)

x/v)

(beats freq.)

Doppler Eect:

Resolution: sin =

v + uo

=

0

v us

1.22

b

the speed of the observer w.r.t. the medium, considered positive when it moves towards the source and

negative when it moves away from the source, and us

is the speed of the source w.r.t. the medium, considered positive when it moves towards the observer and

negative when it moves away from the observer.

I0

Plane Wave: E = E0 sin !(t

Spherical Wave: E =

aE0

r

x

v ),

sin !(t

I = I0

r

v ),

I=

I0

r2

Visit www.concepts-of-physics.com

to buy IIT JEE Physics (1978-2015:

38 Year) Topic-wise Complete Solutions. Foreword by Prof HC Verma.

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

Optics

1

f

f - p h y s i c s . c om

= (

1)

1

R1

1

R2

i

f

Lens formula:

normal

Laws of reflection:

i r

incident

(i)

reflected

1

v

1

u

1

f,

v

u

m=

plane (ii) \i = \r

Two thin lenses separated by distance d:

Plane mirror:

d

1

1

1

=

+

F

f1

f2

(i) the image and the object are equidistant from mirror (ii) virtual image of real object

d

f1 f2

d

f1

f2

Spherical Mirror:

O

f

u

2. Mirror equation:

1

v

3. Magnification: m =

Eyepiece

Objective

1

u

v

u

1

f

Compound microscope:

speed of light in vacuum

speed of light in medium

Refractive index: =

Snells Law:

sin i

sin r

real depth

apparent depth

c

v

incident

1 i

2

1

Apparent depth: =

reflected

2. Resolving power: R =

d0

d I

O

1 1

sin A+2 m

,

sin A2

= (

1)A,

i0

r0

Astronomical telescope:

m

0

2

v

1

2 1

=

,

u

R

m=

O

u

L = fo + fe

1

1.22

A>0

= (y

1)A

2. Angular dispersion: = (v

Dispersive power: ! =

v r

y 1

Cauchys equation: = 0 +

1. Mean deviation:

fo

fe ,

general result

for small A

fe

3.4: Dispersion

2 sin

1. In normal adjustment: m =

A,

refracted

d

d0

Deviation by a prism:

1

d

v D

u fe

fo

r

2. Resolving power: R =

= i + i0

fe

D

(y

1)A + (0y

r )A

(if A and i small)

A

A0

1)A0 = 0

(v r )A = (0v 0r )A0

1 v

2 u

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

First law of thermodynamics:

Temp. scales: F = 32 + 95 C,

f - p h y s i c s . c om

n : number of moles

a

V2

(V

F

A

=Y

W = p V,

W =

b) = nRT

Wisothermal = nRT ln

Thermal expansion: L = L0 (1 + T ),

A = A0 (1 +

T ), V = V0 (1 +

T ),

U+

K = C + 273.16

Q=

= 2 = 3

V2

pdV

V1

V2

V1

Wisobaric = p(V2 V1 )

p1 V 1 p2 V 2

Wadiabatic =

1

Wisochoric = 0

l

l

General: M = mNA , k = R/NA

T1

Q1

W

Q2

T2

vp v

vrms

Average speed: v =

3kT

m

8kT

m

2

Pressure: p = 13 vrms

3RT

M

Q1 Q2

=

heat supplied to it

Q1

Q2

T2

carnot = 1

=1

Q1

T1

=

8RT

M

2kT

m

T2

COP =

Entropy:

Q2

W

Q2

Q1 Q2

Q

T ,

S=

Const. T :

Sf

S=

Adiabatic process:

4.3: Specific Heat

Si =

Q

T,

Rf

Q

T

Varying T :

Q = 0, pV

Conduction:

Q

t

Tf

Ti

= constant

T

x

KA

x

KA

Thermal resistance: R =

Q

n T

Relation between Cp and Cv : Cp

Q

n T

Rseries = R1 + R2 =

1

A

p

1

Rparallel

Cv = R

1

R1

1

R2

1

x

x1

K1

x2

K2

K1

K2

x1

x2

(K1 A1 + K2 A2 )

A2

K1

A1

U = nCv T

Kirchho s Law:

emissive power

absorptive power

Ebody

abody

n1 Cv1 + n2 Cv2

,

n1 + n2

K2

= Cp /Cv

Cv =

S = ms ln

Q

m T

W

Q2

freedom. Thus, K = f2 kT for molecule having f degrees of freedoms.

Specific heat: s =

T1

Q1

= Eblackbody

E

n1 Cp1 + n2 Cp2

n1 Cv1 + n2 Cv2

f = 3 for monatomic and f = 5 for diatomic gas.

mT = b

m

Stefan-Boltzmann law:

Newtons law of cooling:

Q

t

= eAT 4

dT

dt

bA(T

T0 )

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

5.3: Capacitors

Capacitance: C = q/V

5.1: Electrostatics

Coulombs law: F~ =

1 q1 q2

40 r 2 r

~ r) =

Electric field: E(~

q1

1 q

40 r 2 r

Electrostatic potential: V =

~ ~r,

E

q2

+q

d

~

E

~

r

r2

1 q1 q2

40 r

Electrostatic energy: U =

dV =

f - p h y s i c s . c om

Spherical capacitor: C =

40 r1 r2

r 2 r1

q +q

r1

1 q

40 r

V (~r) =

~

r

1

~ d~r

E

Cylindrical capacitor: C =

20 l

ln(r2 /r1 )

r2

r1

p

~

+q

A

C1

C2

B

1 p cos

40 r 2

Potential of a dipole: V =

V (r)

Capacitors in series:

p

~

Er

Field of a dipole:

p

~

Er =

1 2p cos

,

40

r3

E =

~ U=

Pot. energy of a dipole placed in E:

1

C2

Drift speed: vd =

Q2

2C

= 12 QV

0 KA

d

1 eE

2 m

i

neA

P

~

E

Ohms law: V = iR

sum of all the currents directed towards a node is zero

i.e., node Ii = 0. (ii)The Loop Law: The algebraic

sum of all the potential dierences along a closed loop

in a circuit is zero i.e., loop Vi = 0.

Resistors in parallel:

0,

for r < R

E

E=

1 Q

,

for r R

2

40 r

O

R

(

1 Q

40 R , for r < R

V

V =

1 Q

,

for

r

R

40 r

O

1 Qr

40 R3 , for r < R

E

E=

1 Q

for r R

40 r 2 ,

O

(

2

1 Qr

V

40 R3 , for r < R

V =

1 Q

for r R

O

40 r ,

C2

1

Req

1

R1

1

R2

A

R1

R1

R2

R1

Wheatstone bridge:

R2

20 r

C1

A

Q2

F = 2A

0

~

p~ E

H

~ dS

~

Electric flux: = E

H

~ dS

~ = qin /0

Gausss law: E

1

C1

~ ~ = p~ E

~

Torque on a dipole placed in E:

EP =

1 p sin

40 r 3

qx

1

40 (a2 +x2 )3/2

1

Ceq

B

R2

" G

R3

R4

V

20

Electric Power: P = V 2 /R = I 2 R = IV

0

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

ig G

Galvanometer as an Ammeter:

ig

S

ig G = (i

ig )S

R

A ig

y

x

C

w

d

Charging of capacitors:

q(t) = CV 1

~

B

Bi

ned

i

"

VAB = ig (R + G)

~

Energy of a magnetic dipole placed in B:

~

U=

~ B

Hall eect: Vw =

Galvanometer as a Voltmeter:

f - p h y s i c s . c om

t

RC

~ =

Biot-Savart law: dB

d~l

~

B

0 i d~l~

r

4 r 3

~

r

2

C

t

RC

q(t)

~

B

B=

0 i

4d (cos 1

cos 2 )

H

Q

Peltier heat

charge transferred .

dF

dl

i1

0 i1 i2

2d

i2

d

Seeback eect:

T0

Tn

Ti

1. Thermo-emf: e = aT + 12 bT 2

3. Neutral temp.: Tn =

4. Inversion temp.: Ti =

Thomson eect: emf e =

H

Q

BP =

a/b.

T.

0 i

4a

~

B

1

F

0 ia2

2(a2 +d2 )3/2

2a/b.

Thomson heat

charge transferred

~

B

m = Zit =

0 i

2d

Eit

Amperes law:

where i is current, t is time, Z is electrochemical equivalent, E is chemical equivalent, and F = 96485 C/g is

Faraday constant.

~ d~l = 0 Iin

B

5.5: Magnetism

0 i

2a

N

l

0 N i

2r

~ + qE

~

Lorentz force on a moving charge: F~ = q~v B

~2

B

v

q

r=

mv

qB ,

T =

~1

B

~ r

B

B1 =

~

B

0 2M

4 d3 ,

B2 =

0 M

4 d3

~l

~

F

Bv

~

~ A

~

~ = iA

i

0 ni

2r ,

~ = H

~

Permeability: B

i = K tan

Time period of magnetometer: T = 2

~ ~ =

~

Torque on a magnetic dipole placed in B:

~ B

Bh

Horizontal

~

F~ = i ~l B

d

N

2m

qB

i=

q

k

nAB

I

M Bh

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

H

~ dS

~

Magnetic flux: = B

RC circuit:

Z=

d

dt

Faradays law: e =

Lenzs Law: Induced current create a B-field that opposes the change in magnetic flux.

Z=

~

v

(1/!C)2 ,

tan

h

Growth of current in LR circuit: i = Re 1 e

L

t

L/R

=

L

Z=

R

!L

e0 sin !t

R 2 + ! 2 L2 ,

tan

L

e=

1

!CR

LCR Circuit:

= Li,

1

!C

e0 sin !t

R2

~

B

di

L dt

LR circuit:

Self inductance:

f - p h y s i c s . c om

!L

R

e0 sin !t

R2 +

resonance =

1

!C

!L

1

!C

q

1

2

!L ,

tan

1

!C

1

!C

!L

!L

R

1

LC

e

0.63 R

e

i

L

R

Transformer:

L

t

L/R

e1

e2 ,

e 1 i1 = e2 i2

e1

N1

i1

N2

i2

e2

p

Speed of the EM waves in vacuum: c = 1/ 0 0

N1

N2

i0

0.37i0

L

R

Energy stored in an inductor: U = 12 Li2

U

V

Mutual inductance:

= M i,

e=

B2

20

di

M dt

i

Alternating current:

t

T

i = i0 sin(!t + ),

T = 2/!

RT

Average current in AC: i = T1 0 i dt = 0

RMS current: irms =

h R

1 T

T

i2 dt

i1/2

i0

p

2

i2

t

T

Energy: E = irms 2 RT

Capacitive reactance: Xc =

1

!C

Inductive reactance: XL = !L

Imepedance: Z = e0 /i0

Visit www.concepts-of-physics.com

to buy IIT JEE Physics (1978-2015:

38 Year) Topic-wise Complete Solutions. Foreword by Prof HC Verma.

F or m u l a e

P h y si cs

S h e e t f or

www . c o n c e p t s - o

f - p h y s i c s . c om

Modern Physics

N

N0

Population at time t: N = N0 e

N0

2

t1/2

Photons momentum: p = h/ = E/c

Mass defect:

V0

Stopping potential: Vo =

hc

e

hc

e

1

e

hc

e

de Broglie wavelength:

m = [Zmp + (A

Q-value: Q = Ui

= h/p

Z)mn ]

M

M ] c2

Z)mn

Uf

where m = mreactants mproducts .

mc2

6.4: Vacuum tubes and Semiconductors

mZ 2 e4

,

80 2 h2 n2

En =

En =

13.6Z 2

eV

n2

a0 = 0.529

A

rn =

0 h2 n 2

,

mZe2

rn =

n2 a 0

,

Z

Photon energy in state transition: E2

E2

Output

nh

2

E1 = h

Grid

Triode Valve:

Cathode

Filament

Plate

E2

h

E1

R Output

h

E1

Absorption

Emission

from nth to mth state:

1

1

1

2

= RZ

n2

m2

transition

min

Vp

Vg

Vg =0

ip

Vg

Vp =0

ip =0

K

hc

eV

K

Ie

Ic

Current in a transistor: Ie = Ib + Ic

min

Moseleys law:

Transconductance of a triode: gm =

Amplification by a triode: =

X-ray spectrum:

Vp

ip

Ib

= a(Z

b)

and

Ic

Ib ,

p x h/(2),

E t h/(2)

parameters of a transistor: =

= 1

Transconductance: gm =

Ic

Ie ,

Ic

Vbe

Logic Gates:

6.3: The Nucleus

Nuclear radius: R = R0 A1/3 ,

Decay rate:

dN

dt

R0 1.1 10

15

A

0

0

1

1

B

0

1

0

1

AND

AB

0

0

0

1

OR

A+B

0

1

1

1

NAND

AB

1

1

1

0

NOR

A+B

1

0

0

0

XOR

+ AB

AB

0

1

1

0

F or m u l a e

S h e e t f or

P h y si cs

www . c o n c e p t s - o

7.1: Book Description

Two IIT batch-mates have worked together to provide a

high quality Physics problem book to Indian students. It

is an indispensable collection of previous 38 years IIT questions and their illustrated solutions for any serious aspirant.

The success of this work lies in making the readers capable

to solve complex problems using few basic principles. The

readers are also asked to attempt variations of the solved

problems to help them understand the concepts better. Key

features of the book are:

1300+ solved problems in 2 volumes

Concept building by problem solving

IIT preparation with school education

Topic and year-wise content arrangement

Promotes self learning

Quality typesetting and figures

The readers can use the book as a readily available mentor

for providing hints or complete solutions as per their needs.

7.2: About Contents

The volume 1 of the book covers three parts: Mechanics,

Waves, and Optics. The list of chapters in this volume are:

1. Units and Measurements

2. Rest and Motion: Kinematics

3. Newtons Laws of Motion

4. Friction

5. Circular Motion

6. Work and Energy

7. Centre of Mass, Linear Momentum, Collision

8. Rotational Mechanics

9. Gravitation

10. Simple Harmonic Motion

11. Fluid Mechanics

12. Some Mechanical Properties of Matter

13. Wave Motion and Waves on a String

14. Sound Waves

15. Light Waves

16. Geometrical Optics

17. Optical Instruments

18. Dispersion and Spectra

19. Photometry

The volume 2 of the book covers three parts: Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, and Modern Physics. The list

of chapters in this volume are:

20. Heat and Temperature

21. Kinetic Theory of Gases

22. Calorimetry

23. Laws of Thermodynamics

24. Specific Heat Capacities of Gases

25. Heat Transfer

26. Electric Field and Potential

27. Gausss Law

28. Capacitors

29. Electric Current in Conductors

30. Thermal and Chemical Eects of Electric Current

31. Magnetic Field

32. Magnetic Field due to a Current

33. Permanent Magnets

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

f - p h y s i c s . c om

Electromagnetic Induction

Alternating Current

Electromagnetic Waves

Electric Current through Gases

Photoelectric Eect and Wave-Particle Duality

Bohrs Model and Physics of the Atom

X-rays

Semiconductors and Semiconductor Devices

The Nucleus

Jitender Singh is working as a Scientist in DRDO. He

has a strong academic background with Integrated M. Sc.

(5 years) in Physics from IIT Kanpur and M. Tech. in

Computational Science from IISc Bangalore. He is All India

Rank 1 in GATE and loves to solve physics problems. He

is a member of Prof. H.C. Vermas team which is dedicated

to improve the quality of physics education in the country.

Shraddhesh Chaturvedi holds a degree in Integrated

M. Sc. (5 years) in Physics from IIT Kanpur. He is passionate about problem solving in physics and enhancing

the quality of texts available to Indian students. His career spans many industries where he has contributed with

his knowledge of physics and mathematics. An avid reader

and a keen thinker, his philosophical writings are a joy to

read.

7.4: Where to Buy

Please visit www.concepts-of-physics.com to find links

to the books page on Amazon. This website also give additional information about the book.

- Nelson Chemistry Grade 12 TextbookUploaded byJoshua Kamaras-Garland
- MATHEMATICAL TOOLS-NEETUploaded byResonance Dlpd
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions Volume 1: Mechanics, Waves, and OpticsUploaded byJitender Singh
- IIT JEE Inorganic Chemistry Study material.pdfUploaded bySanjeev Singh
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions Volume 2: Heat, Electromagnetism and Modern PhysicsUploaded byJitender Singh
- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions: Book's Key FeaturesUploaded byJitender Singh
- AIEEE Class XII 01 Phy ElectrostaticsUploaded bysatish jadhav
- APEX TEST SERIES FOR IIT-JEEUploaded byApex Institute
- IONIC EQUILLIBRIUM FOR IIT-JEE ENTRANCE TEST by S.K.sinha See Chemistry Animations at http://openchemistry.inUploaded bymyiitchemistry
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 2 Physics by Jitender Singh and Shraddhesh ChaturvediUploaded byJitender Singh
- Acc Sample MathsUploaded bySimiYadav
- KVPY SA Stream Solution 2009Uploaded byNilesh Gupta
- Compressive Physics XIIUploaded byBalvinder
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 1 PhysicsUploaded byJitender Singh
- Chemistry AnswerUploaded byYashSharan
- Maths+questUploaded byapi-3728411
- PEKA Physics 3Uploaded byChrise Raj
- Magnetic Effect of Current 1 MMUploaded bymadhavdhruv
- Physics QuestUploaded bySaran Bhatia
- Exam Organic Chemistry I WhittenUploaded byDaniel Baylosis Asong
- 1503-PaperUploaded bykishangopi123
- Prob01s - H C VermaUploaded byManoj Kumar
- Class XI Maths Limits and Derivatives 1Uploaded bysahibsinghhh
- Higher Maths From PT EducationUploaded byvishnu_mcj
- Skywatcher Dobsonian User ManualUploaded byjaybudd50
- Aieee Questions +SolutionsUploaded bytarun23007
- Modern Physics - 1 Theory_EUploaded bythinkiit
- Organic Chemistry WorksheetUploaded bygkawsar22
- Chem Kinetics Practice Questions in Rich TextUploaded byRedmondWA
- NIOS Physics 12th.pdfUploaded byHarman Vishnoi

- IIT JEE Physics Topic-wise Complete Solutions: Book's Key FeaturesUploaded byJitender Singh
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 2 Physics by Jitender Singh and Shraddhesh ChaturvediUploaded byJitender Singh
- Solutions of IIT JEE Advanced 2016 Paper 1 PhysicsUploaded byJitender Singh
- Anveshika Science ClubUploaded byJitender Singh
- Formulae Sheets for Physics by Jitender SinghUploaded byJitender Singh
- Getting Started with MATLAB: SlidesUploaded byjsinghdrdo

- Article 415 Cases (Prop)Uploaded bycholacastillo
- nuclear chem notesUploaded byapi-236069914
- MB0034 Research Methodology - Feb 10Uploaded byAkash Dwivedi
- A Logic Gate is an Elementary Building Block of AUploaded byAbhijit Bhoyar
- essay rubricUploaded byapi-260692414
- HANDBOOK ON CITATIONUploaded bycityren
- The Call of the Four Winds: an Australian DiaryUploaded bybellugi
- Purchasing Blinds Online? Open The Covert BenefitsUploaded bybuyblindsonline85
- "Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism," by Gary SteinerUploaded byColumbia University Press
- FSD_OP1809Uploaded byFernando
- Direct Coupled AmpsUploaded byronga38
- IBM Smarter Cities Challenge - Jacksonville Final ReportUploaded byTimothy Gibbons
- U B U W E B : Nancy PerloffUploaded byMini Ovni
- Conlangs Monthly - March EditionUploaded byConlangs Monthly
- Dr. Nathaniel PodilskyUploaded byNathaniel Podilsky
- NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational EvolutionUploaded bySSI-Strategic Studies Institute-US Army War College
- ch17.pptxUploaded bymiftah alvi
- Empirically Supported Psychological Interventions: Controversies and EvidenceUploaded byIván Fritzler
- Daniel DefoeUploaded byIonicuta
- Aramco-RTFI Presentation 10-1-21Uploaded byMohammad Sajid Alam
- NCERT EconomicsUploaded byBabul Kumar Bhartiya
- NusUploaded byAgent3399
- A Short Guide To Answering A Business Organizations Essay Question.docxUploaded byIkram Ali
- Marxian Political EconomyUploaded byIago Moreno
- Evaluation CoccivacUploaded bySisca Wiryawan
- Validate Field in Table...Uploaded byGautam Malhotra
- INI wkehwl.pdfUploaded byVitha
- CASES for OBLICON From 1163 Up Till 1169 ( Till Causing vs Bencer Only)Uploaded byJenifer Paglinawan
- Jas KulaUploaded byFabian Gonzalez Ramirez
- Research PaperUploaded byFrancisco Costa

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.