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NOTE: This Test does not include mu ch of the Material from 6.14 – Chapter 7. Expect the Test for F12 to be more in-depth in those sections from the book.

EMEC 368 Introduction To Aerospace Final Test, Closed Notes, 15 min max. (20 pts total)

Name ____________________________

• 1. (3 pts) For any given shape, coefficients of lift, drag, and moment are a function of what three parameters? Angle of attack, Mach number, Re

• 2. (1 pt) Write down the range of maximum coefficient of lift c L for typical airfoils. 1.5-4

• 3. (2 pts) What is the physical meaning of Pressure Coefficient

Ratio of difference between pressure and static pressure to dynamic pressure

• 4. (3 pts) Write down the three sources of drag for airfoil

Friction, pressure, wave

• 5. (1 pt) T / F Maximum range and endurance is achieved at sea level for propeller driven aircraft.

• 6. (2 pt) Write down the range of typical L/D ratios for aircraft.

8-21

• 7. (2 pts) Write down the Thrust required for level flight. T R = W/(L/D)

• 8. (2 pts) Write down the equation for excess power in aircraft. P s = (T-D)V/W

• 9. (2 pts) What is the purpose of the V-n diagram?

Load and speed envelope

10. (2 pts) Write down the criteria for static longitudinal stability of an aerodynamic system.

C M,0 must be Positive C M,cg /∂α a must be Negative

EMEC 368 Introduction To Aerospace Final Test, Closed Notes, 15 min max. (20 pts total)

Name ____________________________

• 11. (3 pts) For any given shape, coefficients of lift, drag, and moment are a function of what three parameters?

• 12. (1 pt) Write down the range of maximum coefficient of lift c L for typical airfoils.

• 13. (2 pts) What is the physical meaning of Pressure Coefficient?

• 14. (3 pts) Write down the three sources of drag for airfoil.

• 15. (1 pt) T / F Maximum range and endurance is achieved at sea level for propeller driven aircraft.

• 16. (2 pts) Write down the Thrust required for level flight.

• 17. (2 pts) Write down the equation for excess power in aircraft.

• 18. (2 pts) What is the purpose of the V-n diagram?

• 19. (2 pts) For an aircraft at flying at a thrust angle α T in steady flight, write down the equation of equilibrium in the horizontal direction in terms of lift, drag, and thrust.

20. (2 pts) Write down the criteria for static longitudinal stability of an aerodynamic system.

EMEC 368 Introduction To Aerospace Final Exam Problems, Fall 2011

Name ____________________________

• 1. (30 pts) Consider the Fairchild Republic A-10 “Warthog”, a twin-jet attack aircraft.

The aircraft has the following characteristics:

 i) Wing area = 47m 2 ii) Aspect Ratio = 6.5 iii) Oswald efficiency factor = 0.87 iv) Weight = 103,047 N v) Zero lift drag coefficient = 0.032 vi) The airplane is equipped with two jet engines with 40,298 N of static thrust each at sea level. The thrust-specific fuel consumption is 1.0 N of fuel per Newton of thrust per hour, the fuel capacity is 1900 gal, and the maximum gross weight is 136,960 N. (Assume that the fuel weighs 6.67 lb/gal.) At a standard altitude of 8 km, calculate: a) (15 pts) The range. b) (15 pts) The endurance.

Solution

ME 480 Introduction To Aerospace Final Exam, Fall 2011

Name ____________________________

• 2. (30 pts) The General Atomics Predator UAV (Figure 6.63 in Anderson, and from our Guest Lecturer, Mr. Frank Belknap) has the following characteristics:

• a) Wing Area = 11.45 m

2

• b) Winspan = 14.85 m

• c) Oswald efficiency factor = 0.7

• d) Max Weight = 1020 kg f

• e) Fuel Weight = 295 kg f

• f) Power Plant – Rotax 85 hp (Note: 1 hp=746 watts)

• g) Two blade variable pitch prop, efficiency = 0.9

• h) Specific fuel consumption = 0.2 kg f /hr

• i) Zero-lift drag coefficient = 0.03

Assume that the aircraft if flying at its maximum velocity of 62.6 m/s.

• A. (15 pts) Calculate the range of the Predator at sea level.

• B. (15 pts) Calculate the endurance of the Predator at sea level.

Note: This is not a difficult problem, but you need to pay attention with consistent units.

Solution

ME 480 Introduction To Aerospace Final Exam, Fall 2011

Name ____________________________

• 3. (20 pts) Consider the wing-body-tail model which was presented in class (Example 7.4 in Anderson). Does this model have longitudinal static stability and balance?

Solution