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End of Unit Test

8C
Name

Class

1 Bacteria are very small organisms. Tick four life processes that all bacteria must be
able to do.
talk

cause diseases

reproduce

respire

be warm blooded

get rid of wastes

live in water
[2 marks]

2 A few weeks ago, Michael was in bed with measles.


a One of his symptoms was a high temperature.
Give another of Michaels symptoms.

[1 mark]
The graph shows Michaels body temperature
over 10 days around the time he had the disease.
39.0
Body temperature (C)

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grow

38.5
38.0
37.5
37.0
36.5
36.0
0

4
5
6
Time (days)

10

b During which day did Michaels temperature start to increase?

[1 mark]
c What was the highest temperature that Michaels body reached?

[1 mark]
d Draw another line on the graph to show what Michaels body temperature
would have been if he had not caught the disease.
[1 mark]
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8C

End of Unit Test (continued)

3 Look at the diagram below:

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a What are the names of the organs labelled P and Q?


P is the

Q is the
[2 marks]

Some of the cells in the lining of organ P are shown below. They are part of your
bodys natural defences against microbes.

mucus producing cell


ciliated epithelial cell

b Some cells produce mucus. What does mucus do to help defend your body
against disease?

[1 mark]
c How do the ciliated epithelial cells function?

[1 mark]
d What does the organ labelled Q contain to defend your body against microbes?

[1 mark]

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End of Unit Test (continued)


1700

4 Most children in the UK are now


immunised against measles but this was
not always so. The graph shows the
numbers of cases of measles in the UK
over a period of time. A case is counted as
one person catching the disease.

1500
1400
1300
1200
1100

a Suggest a reason for the significant drop


in the cases of measles.

1000

Cases

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1600

900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100

[1 mark]

0
1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985

Year

b What pattern appears to be emerging in the number of cases of measles?

[1 mark]
c Suggest when, after 1985, the next big increase in the number of cases of
measles was.
[1 mark]
5 Choose from the following to answer parts a and b.
virus

food poisoning

fungus

chickenpox

AIDS

tuberculosis

a Which two diseases are caused by bacteria?


and
[1 mark]
b What type of microbe causes
i colds

ii athletes foot
[1 mark]

c Name one other type of microbe that can cause diseases.

[1 mark]
6 Bacteria in the mouth can cause tooth decay. Toothpaste contains a chemical that
helps to kill bacteria in the mouth. What might this chemical be? Tick one box.
antibiotic

antiseptic

antihistamine

detergent
[1 mark]
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End of Unit Test (continued)

7 Bacteria do not reproduce at temperatures below 0 C. They reproduce slowly at


cold temperatures and more quickly when it is warmer. Three Petri dishes
containing one hundred bacteria were placed in a freezer, a fridge or left at room
temperature. The table shows the numbers of bacteria after two days.
a Complete the table to
show where each Petri
dish was placed.
[1 mark]

Number of bacteria after 2 days Where the Petri dish was placed

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100 000 000


100
5000

b Why is milk stored in a fridge?


[1 mark]
c Explain why chickens need to be cooked thoroughly.

[1 mark]
8 Some viruses can be spread through the air. Name two other ways in which
microbes can be spread to cause diseases.
ii

9 The graph shows the change in


the numbers of antibodies when
a person is infected by the
chickenpox virus.

a After the infection, the number


of antibodies never goes back
to zero. Explain why this is
useful to a person.

Amount of antibodies
in the blood

[1 mark]

8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
Time (days)

[1 mark]
b Draw a line on the graph showing the increase in antibodies if the chickenpox
virus infects this person again one year later. Start your line at day 0 (when the
infection occurs) and label it antibodies due to chickenpox virus.
[2 marks]
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