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End of Unit Test

Name

Class

1 What is the unit for measuring energy?


[1 mark]
2 Danny took a can of lemonade
out of the fridge.
a What will happen to the temperature
of the lemonade in the can?
[1 mark]
b Danny leaves the can of lemonade on
the table. Suggest what temperature the
lemonade will be after 2 hours.
[1 mark]
c Ravi takes a can of lemonade out of the fridge, and puts it into a foam container.
Ravis lemonade stays cold longer than Dannys. Explain why this happens.

[1 mark]
3 Heat can be transferred by conduction, convection or radiation. How do each of the
drawings show heat being transferred?
a

[21 mark]

[21 mark]

[21 mark]

[21 mark]
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End of Unit Test (continued)


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4 Metals are good conductors of heat.


a Draw circles in the box to show how
particles are arranged in a solid metal.
represents a particle of metal.

[2 marks]
b Explain how metals conduct heat, using ideas about particles.

[2 marks]
5 a These statements explain how energy is
transferred through the water in the kettle.
Look at the letters on the diagram. Write the
correct letter next to each statement.
The water cools and becomes more dense.

The cool water sinks passing over the heater.


The warm water becomes less dense and rises.
The heater heats the water.

B
D

[1 mark]
b Heat passes through the sides of the kettle by
conduction but not convection. Why does convection
not happen in solid materials?

[2 marks]
c Draw the convection current
on this diagram.

ice cube

[2 marks]
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6 This graph shows how the temperature of a pure solid changes as it is heated.

Temperature (C)

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End of Unit Test (continued)

B
A

Time

a Write the correct letter (AE) next to each statement.


This is the melting point of the substance.
Where is the substance a liquid?
Where is the substance formed from regularly arranged molecules?
Where can the substance be squeezed into a smaller volume?
[4 marks]
b The substance is still being heated at point X, but the temperature is not rising.
What is happening to the energy at point X?

[1 mark]
7 A bimetallic strip is made of two different metals. When heated the metals expand
by different amounts.
A

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End of Unit Test (continued)

This table shows how much different metals expand for the same temperature change.
Material

Expansion of a 10 metre rod (mm)

brass

19

iron

12

platinum alloy

steel

11

a Which combination of metals should give the biggest bend when the bimetallic
strip is heated?
Metal A should be
Metal B should be
[1 mark]
b What happens to a hot bimetallic strip when it is cooled back to room
temperature? Explain your answer.

[1 mark]
8 Rafiq pumps up his bicycle tyre.
a Explain how the air molecules inside the tyre cause pressure.

[1 mark]
b Rafiq notices that the pump is getting warmer.
i What happens to the pressure of the air in the tyre when the air warms up?

ii Explain why this happens.

[2 marks]
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