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End of Unit Test

8G
Name

Class

1 Rocks are made from minerals. What is the best description of a mineral?
Tick one box.

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a pure element

a mixture of different elements

a chemical compound

a mixture of rocks
[1 mark]

2 These diagrams show the textures of three different rocks.

a Which diagram shows a mixture of three different minerals?


[1 mark]
b Which two rocks are made from rounded grains?
[1 mark]
c Some rocks soak up water easily. Other rocks do not.
Explain why rocks A, C and D can soak up water but rock B does not.

[2 marks]
3 This gravestone has been standing for over 100 years.
It is made from limestone. Rain has fallen on it,
and chemical weathering has worn it away.
a What makes rainwater acidic?

[1 mark]
b What happens when rainwater weathers the gravestone?

[1 mark]
c Suggest a different kind of rock that the gravestone could have been made
from to make it last longer.
[1 mark]
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8G

End of Unit Test (continued)

C
B

The bottom of this river is covered in rocks and stones.


a How do the rocks get into the river?

[2 marks]
b Draw a sketch of a piece of rock you might find at A, and one you might find
at C. There should be two differences between your two drawings.

Rock from A.

Rock from C.

[2 marks]
c What caused the changes in the rocks?

[2 marks]

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8G

End of Unit Test (continued)

5 Jane stirred some sand and gravel in a beaker full of water.


This is what happened to the mixture when she stopped stirring.
a In which beaker is the water moving the fastest?
A

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Just after she stopped stirring.

15 seconds later.

10 minutes later.

[1 mark]
b Explain why there are layers in the sediment in diagram C.

[2 marks]
6 Rocks can be weathered by freezethaw action.
Describe how freezethaw action breaks up rocks.

[3 marks]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

7 This diagram shows four places A, B, C and D. Each has different weather
conditions.

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B
C
A
D
dry desert

Place

Average temperature (C)


Day

Night

20

15

10

10

30

10

a At which place is freezethaw action most likely to happen?


Explain your answer

[3 marks]
b Which type of weathering is most likely to happen at D?

Explain your answer

[2 marks]

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