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Some people think that a person improves their
intellectual skills more when doing group activities.
To what extent do you agree? Use specific details
and examples to explain your view.
In recent decades, many researchers have studied the importance of group-level
cognition. Indeed, to my mind, there is now convincing evidence that group activities
improve the intelligence of individuals. In this essay, I shall examine how research in
team-games and study-groups supports this view.
To begin with, team-games clearly require individuals to perform a diverse range of
rapid mental calculations. This is because, in a sporting context, players must predict
and anticipate possible actions within tight time constraints. For example, a recent
Cambridge study showed that soccer players can – within the span of seconds –
calculate over a dozen different permutations that could result from a single soccer
related action. Such predictive powers clearly improve players’ mental abilities and
result from activities performed in a group context.
Secondly, study-groups enable individuals to obtain information that they could not
acquire in isolation. This is because peer feedback allows individuals to refine their
understanding of concepts and to also learn new information from other members in
the study-group. For example, a study by The British Institute for Learning found
that, if individuals participated in study-groups, they had a far more objective and
sophisticated understanding of a topic than learners who were not part of studygroups. Therefore, it is certainly the case that learning in a group improves an
individual’s mental abilities.
In conclusion, I strongly agree with the notion that group activities improve
intellectual abilities. In the future, we will certainly see schools take greater measures
to ensure that more group-level cognition occurs in the classroom.

Some people think that secondary school children should study
international news as one of the school subjects. Other people think that
it is a waste of valuable school time. What do you think? Give reasons
for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
The potential for the global media to shape the views of today’s youth is considerable.
However, while some commentators think that the media has no place within
secondary education, other analysts defend the idea that international news should
be studied at school. In this essay, I shall examine a number of studies which show
that both viewpoints are, to some degree, justified.
To begin with, the global media undoubtedly enriches teenagers’ understanding of
contemporary affairs. This is because television reports provide concise summaries
of international affairs. For example, a study run by Oxford sociologists showed that
the media heavily influenced teenagers’ knowledge of contemporary affairs. Since
any secondary school education would be incomplete without an awareness of such
events, it is therefore clear that the media can play a vital role in assisting education.
On the other hand, many critics argue that teenagers are negatively affected by the
global media’s focus on wars and civil unrest. This is because exposure to violence
often leads to depression. For example, recent surveys have discovered that
depressed teenagers usually cite the dismal state of the world as a source of their
depression. Since mental health is an important objective of secondary education, it
is therefore questionable whether the study of international news wouldn’t be a
destructive and wasteful use of school resource.
In conclusion, it should be clear that there are reasons for and against the study of
news at school. Thus if media studies are to enter schools in the future, schools will
have to think about how negative aspects of the news can be decreased, and positive
aspects maximized.

Some people like to travel outside their country.
Others would rather travel to tourist spots in their
own country first, before travelling abroad. Which do
you prefer to do and why? Include specific details
and examples to support your choice.
Over the past few decades, the international tourism industry has gone through a
boom period. Cheap air travel, in particular, has allowed ordinary working class
people to travel to more international destinations than ever before. In this essay, I
shall refer to a number of sociological studies to show why – contrary to popular
opinion – domestic travel should initially take precedence over international travel.
To begin with, people’s knowledge of their own countries and culture has grown
increasingly sketchy. This is largely because foreign brands, television shows and
cultural objects flood local markets. For example, The Asian Cultural Society found
that Japanese teenagers knew more about American television series than 19th
Century Japanese woodcuts. It should, therefore, be clear that citizens need to know
much more about their own countries, and that visits to local cultural centres should
occur before visits to other countries.
Secondly, people reap high economic benefits if they are well-travelled in their
country of birth. This is because local travel, in particular, opens up business
opportunities. For example, the Korean Society for Entrepreneurship found that 40%
of successful start-up companies were run by individuals who had travelled
extensively in Korea and sniffed out small openings in developmentally neglected
areas. Seen in this light, local travel can also be of vital economic significance
To conclude, although few would argue outright against foreign travel, there are
certainly reasons why domestic travel is initially preferable. In the future, as some of
the hype surrounding foreign travel dies down, these reasons will no doubt appear
more attractive and conspicuous.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give specific reasons and examples to support your answer. For example. Firstly. it is intuitively obvious that having a gun in a household endangers children and teenagers. many individuals own guns for self-defence and recreational purposes. For example. in particular. in the future. if a man discovers his wife having an affair. he is twice as likely to kill her in a fit of jealous rage if he has easy access to a gun. Across the globe. Therefore. I shall appeal to crime statistics to argue that a person is at a far greater risk being shot if there is a gun in a household. Gun-related mortalities in households – in particular – throw the ethics of such forms of private gun ownership into sharp relief. the number of shootings increase because many people have guns at home.In some countries. household guns become especially dangerous when couples have violent arguments. there is undeniable evidence that having a gun in a house leads to further shootings. household guns correlate positively with additional shootings. In this essay. This is because minors do not have the requisite knowledge or maturity to handle guns safely. The International Crime Bureau recently produced statistical evidence that. (245) . Given the strength of this evidence. In conclusion. Therefore it is incontrovertible that household guns lead to additional shootings. the US Department of Justice recently revealed statistics showing that 150 American children and teenagers die each year because of accidents relating to household guns. once again. Secondly. more legislation needs to be put in place to limit private gun ownership. This is because male sexual rage. often results in deadly aggression.

Discuss ways to solve the problem. it is to be expected that obesity rates are much higher in countries with larger amounts of wealth. Consequently. public exercise initiatives could be advertised and promoted far more vigorously. To begin with. compared to the average Indian household. developed governments could put far more pressure on fast food outlets to provide healthy alternatives to hamburgers. After providing a careful analysis of why obesity has risen so sharply in these countries. although obesity is a serious issue in the developed world. With the advent of urbanisation and the rise in popularity of fast food. In conclusion. there are a number of ways in which developed countries could battle it more effectively. Despite the severity of the obesity problem. there have been accompanying issues with rising obesity rates – especially in developed countries like Britain and the USA. french fries and soft drinks. Firstly. Due to the high levels of development in these countries. Secondly.Obesity is a serious problem in many countries. the average American household’s budget for food is six times larger per month. the situation will surely improve in the coming years. however. Lastly. modules that inform teenagers about healthy dietary requirements could be taught at schools. For example. especially in rich countries. (256) . Provide specific reasons and examples to support your answer. if the above steps are taken. it should be unsurprising that fast food is incredibly popular in wealthy countries (like Britain and the USA). consumers possess more money and can therefore consume vast amounts of fast food without seriously diminishing their income. the American Dietary Association found that. I shall suggest a number of ways in which the obesity epidemic can be ameliorated.

Which opinion do you agree with? Discuss both options and give examples. spiders. and professed that they had never felt in the least bit endangered by them.g. as more laws are introduced to ban the ownership of illegally acquired exotic pets. etc. pet related injuries and fatalities have sparked heated debates about whether it is healthy for children to be around pets. apes. the cited evidence provides strong support for the view that children owning pets is a good thing.g. fish. (266) . Seen in this light. dogs. such incidents are so statistically rare as to be negligible. grooming. although exotic pets (e.Some people think that keeping pets is good for children while others think it is dangerous and unhealthy. This is because young pet owners frequently empathise with their pets and perform a diverse range of actions to maintain their wellbeing (e. snakes. To begin with. feeding. In this essay I shall argue that such dangers are overemphasised and that children receive substantive psychological benefits through having pets. In recent times. it is undeniable that a child’s pro-sociality and mental health can be improved through exposure to pets.) have been known to occasionally hurt and even kill children. pets can impact positively upon child psychology. it is clearly unfounded to claim that pets present any physical danger to children. Consequently. administering medicine. Secondly. For example. In conclusion. rodents and rabbits for pets. etc). For example The Child Safety Institute found that over 90% of children owned the aforementioned pets. In the future. this viewpoint will no doubt surge in popularity. the Cambridge Developmental Psychology Unit found that children who had grown up with pets were 30% less likely to bully others and to resolve conflicts through aggression. This is because the overwhelming majority of children have nonlethal cats.

To begin with. Although such goods have proved to be highly popular. since modern consumers are more environmentally conscious than ever before. Other items take a long time to be made by hand. mass produced goods have flooded the consumer market. handmade goods can be made with far more care and attention to detail than mass produced goods. Secondly. As a buyer. I shall look at some of the ethical and qualitybased reasons for this re-evaluation. which do you prefer and why? Give specific details and examples in your answer. a study by the International Consumerist Society found that handmade furniture. For example. as environmental issues worsen. In conclusion. For example the British Green Party found that the levels of toxicity and environmental damage outside handmade production centres were paltry compared to the levels found outside factories used for mass production. Therefore it is clear that buyers prefer handmade goods for reasons that relate to quality of workmanship. this preference will no doubt grow more pronounced. Ever since the industrial revolution. musical instruments and jewellery were consistently rated as being more attractive (by consumers) than their mass made counterparts. This is because machines lack a sensitivity that experienced craftsman evidently possess. there are compelling reasons for why modern consumers favour handmade goods. these findings have clearly contributed to their preference for handmade goods. handmade production companies have far more ethical attitudes towards the environment. it is now becoming increasingly clear that handmade goods are more desirable for modern. This is because factories and chemical processes heavily underpin mass industrial production. (241) . In this essay. In the future. Consequently.Some products can be made quickly by a machine. informed consumers.

if. the quality of educational gaming is increased. For example. I shall draw upon a number of studies in cognitive science and industrial psychology that reveal the positive and negative aspects of this phenomenon. like adults. clearly there are reasons why computers do not allow children to develop long attention spans. a study by the New York Child Learning Association found that children who read from picture books were 50% less likely to get distracted than children who played educational computer games. there are also clear advantages to exposing children to computers. over 70% of young office workers admitted that they had spent long hours on computers in their middle and late childhood years. This is because children with such exposure will stand a better chance of finding employment. Therefore computers almost certainly have a negative impact on young children. have become increasingly exposed to computers. in the future.Is it good for children to start using computers from an early age and spend long hours on them? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages. since the world has become heavily reliant on computers. While some child psychologists have claimed that this is a good thing. This is because computers are packed with many supposedly child-friendly games that require minimal levels of concentration in order to be enjoyed. In this essay. For example. children. To begin with. However. (261) . there is good reason to believe that these negative consequences will fall entirely away. Therefore it is clear that computer exposure can be beneficial to children. In conclusion. others have claimed that it has an overwhelmingly detrimental impact on children. In recent years. However. after being interviewed by Yale psychologists. there are advantages and disadvantages to early computer exposure.

Seen in this light. Secondly. To begin with. In this essay. it is false to believe that a woman cannot have a job and raise her children effectively. This is because an additional source of revenue enables parents to send their children to private schools and extra-mural classes. For example. Therefore.Some people think women should be given equal chances to work and excel in their careers. This is because part-time and online work obviously gives women the time and space to care for their children. Others believe that a woman’s role should be limited to taking care of the house and children. it is incorrect to claim – as traditionalists do – that having a career compromises a mother’s ability to care for her children. the Organisation for Child Care found that mothers who did part-time or online work spent as much time with their children (after school hours) as housewives. It is therefore clear that being a working mother can facilitate. In conclusion. mothers who work also gain the means to invest more in their children’s education and personal development. rather than impede. more liberal minded people have claimed that women should have the same rights as men. it is clear that the traditionalist view is largely baseless. I shall refer to sociological studies that vindicate the liberal view. there is strong evidence that women can have jobs and be good mothers. good parenting. For example. While some traditionalists claim that women should focus on the upkeep of their homes and children. Which opinion do you agree with and why? Include specific details and examples to support your choice The question of women’s rights has always sparked heated controversy. and that it will continue to decline in popularity. (261) . a Harvard study found that parents were 50% more likely to invest in these services if both parents had separate sources of financial income.

economic management of such buildings and facilities the cost can be recuperated. the council commissioned a stadium for athletic events which was later adapted and sold to the local pre-eminent football club. Take the Winter Olympics in Socchi. unless they are fully amortized afterwards. Manchester City. Olympic parks. the Extreme Games and even the American Super Bowl are incredible opportunities for countries. it is important to bear in mind that simply hosting the event and having the world’s media attention cannot guarantee a positive promotion. Therefore with proper. often by the public sector. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Global athletic events such as the Olympics. although the country is receiving enormous amounts of publicity. Secondly. Therefore. are expensive to construct and require large capital expenditure. Russia. Others believe that these events are mainly a large unjustifiable expense. the media will often report controversial news as well as the good. This is because. using Russia and the United Kingdom as examples. ski runs etc. the country can also face a possible backlash. Firstly. the World Cup. This essay will look at both possibilities. despite the international recognition to be gained. fair. The media spotlight was shining brightly on the athletes but also highlighting the polemic legislation regarding homosexuality. These iconic spectacles can provide a country with an economic avalanche of benefits or expose it to a public relations disaster. This is largely due to the fact that stadiums. the expense of building the infrastructure necessary to hold these events can dwarf the benefits.Some people believe that international sporting events are the ideal opportunity to show the world the qualities of the hosting nation. In the Commonwealth Games in Manchester in 2002. for example. .

To conclude. . a host city or nation has a lot to gain from these events but only if they are economically administered correctly and the country has no controversial issues for the media to pull out of the closet.

For example. the question of whether to maintain or drop geography is an interesting topic. without a sound geographical knowledge of Europe. Therefore.Some people think that all children should learn geography in school. However. historically England has been the top destination to learn English. However. This is because geography can bring to light options you may not have known existed previously. Furthermore. it can be considered extremely valuable to be able to identify the locations of these events without checking on a map. mainly due to the understanding and open-mindedness that is derived from such studies. removing geography from the school curriculum would reduce a student’s ability to fully assimilate global events in the media. Secondly. some others think that it is more important to learn subjects that are more relevant to life. I believe there would be severe consequences if geography were to disappear. removing the subject could indirectly reduce the number of perceived options available to students. What is your opinion? With constant modifications to the school curriculum and constant changes in society. making geography compulsory in schools would most likely encourage students to travel later in life. by being merely aware of their location in the world. in recent times students have learned about more economical options such as Malta or Ireland. Therefore. these options could have been overlooked. (255) . For example. Religious and border conflicts are among the most common sources of news events. readers or viewers can greatly increase their understanding of the conflict. with evermore complex geopolitical strategies being played out. areas such as the Middle East are constantly in the news. and a lack of knowledge as to where these events are taking place can be considered ignorance. To conclude. Firstly.

exorbitant property prices and increased vulnerability to terrorist attacks. However. the quality of life in large cities is decreasing. Therefore. the CCTV in London has foiled many potential attacks. when compared to a smaller city. such as Bradford. so as to closely monitor for threats. With an increasing city population. urban citizens. The causes for the decrease in the quality of life are paradoxically the prosperity endowed on such metropolitan centres. . Discuss the causes and solutions. cities could embark on CCTV installation. The causes and solutions for this are outlined below. especially the less well off. Their growth is largely due to the increased opportunities on offer. albeit at a cost in the quality of life. which then increase pressure on existing infrastructure and security. as would bike lanes. In theory. it is said. Various solutions exist to mitigate such drawbacks. For example. To counter violent terrorist attacks. and therefore greatly increased the security of its citizens. essentially they are trapped in a positive self-reinforcing cycle. the complexity of the challenges also increases. greater investment in public transport would ease traffic congestion. Considering the solutions. To conclude. this would reduce air pollution and possibly improve the well-being of the population if they adopted a more active lifestyle and cycled to work. a wealthy city attracts large population inflows. due to continuous growth and prosperity. The global phenomenon of urbanisation from the beginning of industrialisation to the present day has brought opportunity and prosperity. the density of London makes it a more efficient place to attack.Today. For example. this eventually leads to a decrease in the quality of life as the city can experience overcrowding. but nevertheless a definitive solution has yet to be found. often experience a lower standard of living. which in turn increases the cities’ attractiveness.

Ideally in the future. Tax-payers’ money has to be spent practically rather than on cultural endeavours. Financing a job creation project would undoubtedly have been more practical for the local community. not a sculpture. governments should spend money on other things rather than art. and other activities. Art can bring quality into one’s life if you are interested. which helps to improve the quality of people’s lives. Societies with a heritage in the ‘arts’ have long been considered culturally sophisticated and advanced. Secondly. Firstly. To conclude. Do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion.Many governments in the world spend large amounts of money on art. Commissioning or purchasing art is an insult to tax-payers who endure high unemployment. However. secondly. art-lovers are typically in the minority. for example. UK. not everyone in society appreciates art. are more popular. governments will recognise that the quality of a person’s life derives from a decent opportunity in life. This city suffers from historically high unemployment. However. such as those in Newcastle. . I believe that it is an untrue to assert that art brings quality into one’s life and I agree that the money should be spent elsewhere. This is because art expenditure only benefits a small minority and the expense involved should benefit the majority. such as sport. the resources diverted to such projects come from the public and should be spent in a way that benefits them. and. Take football. with the recent financial crisis this lavishness and expense should be questioned. employment should take precedence. yet the council commissioned a large sculpture called ‘The Angel of the North’. Across the globe it is obvious that there are more people watching matches in stadiums than looking at sculptures or paintings. In society. This fact shows that it is impossible for art to bring quality into a community if galleries hold little interest for the people.

Fusing both education and entertainment into one activity is a goal of many educators. To conclude. If.Some people believe that children’s leisure activities must be educational. for example. Due to children learning large swathes of irrelevant and useless information. Therefore. In addition. such as Pokemon. these cards had been inter-twined with more educational data the child could have simultaneously gained a more practical education. and some countries are adamant about this. otherwise they are a complete waste of time. scientific evidence from Sweden and fantasy games such as Pokemon with little educational value are two clear reasons why children’s leisure activities should have an element of learning involved. I firmly believe that all activities should have an educational value. To derive a double benefit from anything is considered a bonus and this is especially the case when discussing leisure activities for children. For many years. some would even believe that failure to do this makes the activity pointless. it can be argued that the time would have been better spent with real facts and figures on the cards. . however. On the other hand. children are wasting their time collecting and learning the statistics of each creature on each Pokemon card. they have legally stipulated that all children’s toys sold in the country should have some educational value. for such a rule to be passed. across the UK. the advantage of incorporating an education element into toys is scientifically proven. it must be upheld by scientific research. Take Sweden. Drawing from examples in Sweden and reviewing games. Leisure activities are a perfect time to take advantage of the receptiveness of a child’s mind. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your experience.

This statement is true to a certain extent because it largely depends on the society. Nevertheless. However. due to the geneticinheritance and socio-demographic components. not ability. however. It can be clearly seen that. They also can do many things that men cannot. To conclude. to state that her place is in the home is widely considered sexist in modern western societies. women are allowed to do little else but stay at home. these differences are slowly converging. in these competitions. the Olympics or any international sporting event. the role women may have is usually dictated by other factors. In certain traditional societies in Africa.Women can do everything that men can and they even do it better. although they have to sacrifice a lot for their family and career… It is said: “A woman’s place is in the home. for example. women working are frowned upon and are seen as neglecting the family. culture and history. Secondly. differences do certainly exist. men are undoubtedly better adapted genetically to performing physical tasks. Firstly. whereas in Afghanistan. it has been argued that women are less appreciated in society due to their traditional role in the home. But it is a fact that their work is not appreciated as much as men’s. Therefore. differences do exist. The difference between their physical abilities is clearly demonstrated in the sporting arena. such as religion or society. the genders are separated due to inherent differences between the sexes. the assumption that women can match men in everything is clearly flawed. . a woman’s value is largely dictated by her society. these are largely through nature. being a housewife. Consequently. Also. Take. in general. Under modern conditions.” What do you think? Women and men have had different roles in the community since the beginning of history.

This would offer more stability and diversification for the nation. however. Firstly. the most effective way to assist less developed countries is not through health or education ‘hand-outs’. the government can search for other foreign markets to trade with. ranging from market access to direct financial payments or even medical assistance. the governments of richer nations should take more responsibility for helping the poorer nations in such areas. The optimal solution is to offer market access so the region can produce goods and thus generate a regular income . the most effective type of assistance that can be given. If the less developed country has the opportunity to develop trade. Different measures exist. This essay will explain why certain measures are inherently better than others. To what extent do you agree? Undoubtedly the governments of developed nations should share the responsibility of helping less fortunate nations. the benefit was short-lived. To conclude. while trading with the richer country. Commerce is. assistance is definitely necessary for the poorer regions. This method is flawed and only offers temporary relief from long-term challenges. . without doubt. These strengths can develop the local economy and are more reliable than education or health. education and trade are essential for the development of poorer nations. economic help from the UK to disadvantaged regions in Africa has gradually been reduced since the onset of the financial crisis. leaving the country stranded. For example. then it can build strong capabilities that will serve it in the long term. ‘hand-outs’ are short-term solutions. also this assistance can be cut at any moment. For example. thus leaving the countries of Africa to look for other donors. However. Although some parts of the continent may be better educated or in better health.Improvements in health.


focussing on skills demanded by the labour market would benefit students’ lives dramatically in the future. ranging from shorts and t-shirts to rackets and balls. In addition. In my opinion converting sports classes to more traditional subjects has two significant advantages. Secondly. young learners going through school would end up much better prepared for life by avoiding sports tuition. In present-day society. in the future. it can be argued that sport is an activity practised naturally by children. Secondly. academic studies are inherently less expensive to organise than physical education. the conflict continues and rightly so. Firstly. more resources should be allocated to teaching them. Thus. For example. students merely enter the classroom and are learning within minutes. Switching time spent on sport in a school to time spent on more academic activities is a wise and cost-effective solution. they would have taken full advantage of their school years through more time spent learning. many children engage in energetic activities.Most schools are planning to replace sport and exercise classes with more academic sessions. As these subjects are less popular. whereas hardly any are studying algebra. In every school at break-time. one has to invest in the appropriate equipment. excess time is spent in the changing rooms or washing afterwards. (270) . academic skills are arguably more important due to the small number of people in society currently using sport skills in a work environment. In more traditional subjects. How will this change affect children’s lives in your view? The debate between where to allocate valuable teaching resources probably started with the first educational institutions. To conclude. academic skills will be more useful. to play almost any sport. Furthermore. biology or physics. Furthermore. especially boys. it is a more effective use of a student’s time. Firstly.

crime has dramatically been reduced in the Favelas around Rio de Janiero in Brazil. illegal activities are a costly and dangerous fact in the present global economy. For example. due to its severity and the global impact that crime has in some areas of the world. . To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give your own opinion. by spreading the expense through international cooperation. These financial expenditures greatly benefited the community. To conclude. Somali pirates in Africa have spread terror among many ocean transport companies in the area.Crime is a big problem in the world. Crime is unquestionably one of the most prevailing and worrying aspects in any society. firstly through a sustained honest presence in the community and secondly through international cooperation. This was achieved largely through the government committing large funds of money to stationing police headquarters in and around the slums. however. A local presence by incorruptible law enforcement authorities may be costly but the long-term investment will pay dividends in the future. the resources invested can be significantly more effective in reducing criminals’ impact abroad. Crime prevention can be achieved in various ways. crime reduction can be attributed to a joint effort between countries. Only through large-scale international cooperation was policing the area possible. global cooperation is critical. Secondly. through large-scale government investment. Operating in a parochial way would incur significant financial losses and render any expenditure futile. A safer region would encourage trade. prevention is an attainable goal. Therefore. many believe that nothing can be done to prevent it. and its prevention should be taken seriously. For example. investment and set an invaluable example for younger generations. Also.

Nevertheless. in effect. Take the NHS in the UK. Firstly. the responsibility should lie with the government. this organisation caters for the entire population. Firstly. write or even learn would be doomed in a competitive global economy. deciding who is to provide this. Unfortunately waiting lists can be long and service is occasionally slow. Secondly. health services must undoubtedly be available to all because the entire nation is paying taxes and. A healthy and educated society is the backbone of any successful country. be freely available to everybody. I believe both healthcare and education are basic fundamental rights. therefore. this should also be allowed or even encouraged. information and science.Should education and healthcare be free of charge and funded by the government. This reduces the workload of the public sector. the entire society benefits and secondly the whole population is paying for the services. A state education should. for example. then they should be prepared to pay for it. education is largely considered a basic right. however. However. (277) . Globalisation has increased competition and shifted the emphasis to knowledge. should not be excluded from any service. therefore. some purchase private medical insurance for a faster service. is a sensitive topic. if individuals require more than the standard level. subsidising state education. A population unable to calculate. read. therefore. or should it be the responsibility of the people to pay for these services? Discuss the above and give your opinion using examples. I strongly believe the government should be held responsible for providing these services for two reasons. necessary for any advanced society and. therefore. if people wish to purchase private education. To conclude. However. if one prefers extra services they should be prepared to pay for it themselves. Private education reduces the strain on public services and provides a source of tax revenue for the government. and no private medical insurance is needed.


due to continuous growth and prosperity. especially the less well off. albeit at a cost in the quality of life.The global phenomenon of urbanisation from the beginning of industrialisation to the present day has brought opportunity and prosperity. which in turn increases their attractiveness. the CCTV in London has foiled many potential attacks. Their growth is largely due to the increase of opportunities on offer. exorbitant property prices. Considering the solutions. this eventually leads to a decrease in the quality of life as the city can experience overcrowding. However. when compared to a smaller city such as Bradford. nevertheless an indefinite solution has yet to be found. The causes for the decrease in the quality of life are paradoxically the prosperity endowed on such metropolitan centres. For example. and therefore greatly increased the security of its citizens. often experience a lower standard of living. Therefore. a wealthy city attracts large population inflows. and increased vulnerability to terrorist attacks. . To conclude. and possibly improve the well-being of the population if they did adopt a more active lifestyle and cycle to work. as would bike lanes. urban citizens. it is said. the complexity of the challenges also increases. With an increasing city population. For example the density of London makes it a more efficient place to attack. In theory this would reduce air pollution. the causes and solutions for this are outlined below. cities could embark on CCTV installations. Various solutions exist to mitigate such drawbacks. so as to closely monitor for threats. essentially they are trapped in a positive self enforcing cycle. To counter violent terrorist attacks. greater investment in public transport would ease traffic congestion. which then cause pressure on existing infrastructure and security.

Finally forests are also source of numerous medicinal plants. Thus the harmony of the present wonderful will be ruined if our natural green reserves are continuously destroyed and there is a theoretical possibility that the blue planet might become lifeless if these green lungs are totally wiped out. Quinine. environmentalists have proven that. the earth’s forests purify the atmosphere and thereby help in sustaining life.Forests are the lungs of the earth. it can be stated that. Write at least 250 words. Hence. it can be restated that. produced from the barks of Cinchona trees is the best possible example. Secondly. Model Answer: I am in consummate accord with the statement that. Total Words: 288 . To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. forest ecology helps in producing crude oil. Firstly. plants by the process of photosynthesis convert the harmful carbon-dioxide gas into Oxygen. which fuels our modern world and its unavailability is unimaginable as this will directly catalyse a global economic crisis. an antimalarial drug. from our basic knowledge of plant physiology. Furthermore. from which varieties of modern medicines are produced. Thirdly. Thus in a wider perspective. I also advocate the view that. scientific research have proven that forest ecosystem act as natural scavengers and by the process of biodegradation. the rapid destruction of forests is also a leading cause of global warming. Destruction of the world’s forests amounts to death of the world we currently know. without which life cannot exist. Hence forest destruction will also be a bane for the medical community. forests also house diverse forms of life and these would become extinct if we continue to destroy their natural habitats. forest destruction will ruin our present world. the Earth’s natural green reserves purify its atmosphere and functions synonymously as that of the mammalian lungs. destruction of the natural green reserves may lead to such a surge in the global temperature that agricultural land may become arid. leading to wide spread famine and deaths.

Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

working place culture and adequate recognition contribute towards satisfaction and contentment in work. is an important factor that determines the value of a particular job. there are other factors of equal significance that make a job ideal. Hence the remuneration associated. Total Words: 265 . While financial remuneration is an important factor that attracts individuals towards a specific work. with poor social life in a tedious work place environment will lead to higher job dissatisfaction. because of their financial burdens. may not be able to offer dedication and commitment at workplace. from underpaying jobs. Since a vast majority of people earn their livelihood from their workplace. as these are less attractive. Firstly. Secondly. which in turn results in under-performance. it will be difficult for individuals with single source of income. to glorify higher earning as the sole determiner of an ideal job is incorrect. Write at least 250 words. Thus underpaid employees. to make their ends meet. it can be stated that apart from financial remuneration. On the other hand. job satisfaction is also an equally important associated factor that determines the value of a specific job. which is a major determiner of a good occupation. Thus an astronomically higher paying job with a demanding employer. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. the importance of financial security cannot be undermined in the modern materialistic world. Henceforth. the educated refrain from being employed in underpaying jobs. Model Answer: A vast majority of our adult life is spent working. which in turn will also promote higher attrition.The most important thing about a job is how much money you earn in that job. This is because various other factors like work and life balance. hence it is important that we have an appropriate job that fulfils our aspirations.

Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

have also catalysed the surge in global water demand. Firstly. Model Answer: Since time immemorial. the growing use of salt free water for activities like recreational swimming. by which both the government and individuals can prevent this from worsening. Thus even though. National authorities. which will help in meeting the growing requirement of fresh water. public can also contribute towards this noble cause by conserving water and also by limiting their daily household water usage. Similarly. however. This essay will illustrate some factors contributing to this problem and will also elicit certain steps that can help the national authorities and individuals in controlling this growing demand for natural salt free water. . which has lead to the global surge in potable water requirement. What are the causes of the increased demand and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. there are various means and methods available. Today. population explosion is the factor of utmost importance.Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Furthermore. Strict national legislations for preventing natural fresh water reserve pollution are also required. in certain drier parts of the world. growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. scarcity of fresh water has become a global issue. in modern times. fresh water has always been a scarce natural resource. government should also enact infrastructures for purification of seawater into saline free water. Moreover. on the other hand. in the present time. due to various reasons. Secondly. Write at least 250 words. They should refrain themselves from performing activities that will pollute natural fresh water reserves. can control this surge by implementing public education schemes regarding controlled water usage. the scarcity of fresh water is a growing global problem. increased pollution of natural fresh water reserves due to urbanisation and industrialization has compounded this demand. However.

Total Words: 253 Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

Finally. to sum up. universities also benefit the nation by creating educated societies. Furthermore. Model Answer: University education. like those of physicians. during their campus placements. Hence university education is definitely perceived as a means of better employability. apart from generating lucrative jobs for students. after graduating from the respective university courses. The process of tertiary education also promotes teamwork and collective development amongst individuals. who can contribute towards social development by their respective expertise. containing an immense pool of forward thinking individuals. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. numerous long lasting friendships. it can be confidently stated that apart from generating respectable employment. Discuss both views and give your opinion. Total Words: 257 . the professional world of certain white collared highly respected professions. the credibility of various universities are judged by their ability to generate glittering well-paid employment offers for their fresh graduates. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. engineers. Firstly market researches in the United States and other developed countries have shown that post graduates are able to command a considerable higher salary at workplace when compared to graduates or simple high school diploma holders. even though is definitely directed towards generating lucrative employment opportunities for the advanced students. In this context it is worth mentioning that. business partnerships and courtships also bloom from the university campus life. which are of great social and individual significance. Individuals graduating from universities also additionally benefit from the multicultural environments that promote intercultural tolerance and brotherhood. Over and above. there are additional arrays of associated benefits of tertiary education that are worth mentioning. there are numerous associated positive aspects of university education.Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. scientists can only be pursued. Moreover. Write at least 250 words. in certain fields like management.

Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

The entire Thai economy revolves around tourism and the country had been able to uplift its socio economic status through its flourishing hospitality sector. these definitely do not outweigh the associated benefits. . While questions have been raised regarding the negative impacts that accompany the growth in the travel sector. The growth in the number of incoming tourists leads to innumerable prospects in terms of local entrepreneurship & employment generation. which in turn benefit the local population. which has helped some weaker nations to uplift their failing economies. governments can control most of these negative impacts of tourism. The national authorities. prostitution and antisocial activities like drugs. Egypt is another nation that is heavily dependent on its hospitality sector. At the same time. it is worth mentioning that. In this context. Write at least 250 words. human trafficking and gambling.International tourism has brought enormous benefit to many places. there is concern about its impact on local inhabitants and the environment. The local population are also affected by the growth in property value indices. the rising influx of holidaymakers is associated with increased incidences of crimes. that is associated with increased tourist activities in natural reserves. Model Answer: Travel industry has experienced a major boom in the later part of the 20th century and has been a boon in disguise. Do the disadvantages of international tourism outweigh the advantages? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. On the other hand. Environmentalists are also concerned regarding environmental remodelling. The economic boost that accompanies a successful travel industry is quite well recognised and Thailand is the best example. even though the growth in travel industry has accompanying negative social impacts. which affect the values of the indigenous society. by enforcing stern law and order and implementing strict legislations. it can be confidently conveyed that. Henceforth. This is also associated with international investments and infrastructure development. improved transportation and healthcare facilities. these do not outweigh the contributions made by this sector towards social development. in order to ensure safety of the international visitors provide better law and order enforcement.

Total Words: 296 Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

by which manufacturers try to communicate with the masses regarding their products. like political cartoons and television documentaries readily deliver the concerned messages to the onlookers and are mostly beneficial in conveying thoughts to the busy and uneducated sections of the society. Meticulously crafted images.In the modern world. as a form of official documentation. can never be superseded by any other means. Write at least 250 words. instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. is declining as the younger generation considers it to be relatively old fashioned and boring. Written words. Model Answer: In modern society. visual expression in mediums such as television. Despite this decreased appeal for mass communication. In the present evidence-seeking world. The increasing preference and use of visual resources over written communication is an undeniable fact and the growing utilisation of video based learning in modern schools over text book based knowledge transfer is the best possible example. in the fast paced modern city life. photography and films are increasingly becoming popular as powerful means of expression when compared to the simple mundane printed medium. with the advent of advanced telecommunication and photographic technologies. The television is also being bombarded with numerous catchy advertisements. visual communication is a powerful tool as it provides recognisable facts. powerful and better tool for mass communication but written form of expression still has equal importance for official. the image (photograph or film) is becoming a more powerful way of communicating than the written word. value of the written form still stands tall in the field of interpersonal and formal communication. most of the city dwellers follow daily-televised news. less number of people can afford to dedicate time for reading the daily morning newsprints. Total Words: 277 . the appeal of the printed media as means of mass communication. formal and interpersonal purposes. Thus. Moreover. On the other hand. visual communication is definitely a popular.

Task Achievement: 9 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

as these activities are also associated with considerable negative outcome. Those students who prefer a break. the employed youth. In contrast. this period provides ample opportunities to young people. which in turn will widen their outlook and will also promote cultural tolerance. Even though this seems to be a noble concept. Thus to sum up. According to them. Firstly. should not be made mandatory in a national scale. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. such activities should not be encouraged as there are higher chances that the young minds might loose interest in learning or may get demotivated due to various reasons and might ultimately refrain from pursuing university education. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this. The holidaymakers. scholars are of the opinion that. Write at least 250 words. such breaks from studies. affects further education. Secondly. can experiment with various forms of employment and thereby decide their career goals and directions depending upon their experiences. due to a sudden increase in their purchasing power. Firstly. during the learning phase of life. certain disadvantages are definitely associated with this concept and are worth mentioning. Secondly. after completing years of continuous school education is a welcome break for students and is well deserved too. such breaks help the young minds in preparing for the much demanding university life. might also get attracted to various social evils like drugs. Thus. . it is preferred that students should take a year off from studies after completing high school. on the other hand can familiarise with the customs and cultures of various countries. it will be wise to comment that such policies even though are noble practices. Model Answer: In certain countries. it has its own merits and demerits and some of these will be illustrated in this essay.In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. This period also serves as well earned family time for those pupils who grew up within the closed boundaries of boarding schools. to experience the realities of the modern world. gambling and alcoholism. prior to joining universities and during this period they are encouraged to work or to travel. in a wider perspective. a year off.

Total Words: 331 Task Achievement: 8 Coherence & Cohesion: 9 Lexical resources: 9 Grammar: 9 Overall Score: Band 9 .

many might have turned to other activities. Excellent. but an income is favorable to museums in terms of operation. the disadvantages of an admission fee are overshadowed by the benefits accruing from a stable source of income. has monthly exhibitions on different issues and professional docents are employed to take visitors on a guided tour around the museum. I particularly like the way you linked both main ideas in the first sentence. In my opinion. I am convinced that museums should charge an entrance fee for the sake of operation and development. Museums house exhibitions and artifacts of great educational and historical value. for instance. Therefore. having weighed up the pros and cons.Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museums outweigh the disadvantages? Some museums have an admission charge while some do not. In conclusion. As above. You have outlined what you are going to talk about and at the same time made your opinion very clear. Granted. If the chief aim of a museum is to introduce the local community. This is exactly what you need to do to make it clear to the examiner what you think about the question and also helps them to follow the rest of your essay. It was great to see how you took one central idea and developed it fully with explanations and a specific example. the drawbacks of an entrance fee are eclipsed by its benefits in the sense that the income will be ploughed back into operation and development of the museums. which are often monuments. Task Response. This example speaks volumes about how a reasonable admission charge is advantageous to the operation of a museum. an entrance fee might have a negative effect on the admission figures. which preserve historic relics and display folk customs. Museums feature educational exhibitions at times. for example. You have summarised your main points and reiterated your opinion. is free of charge.Band 9 . A major disadvantage of an admission fee is the possibility of reducing the number of visitors. admission should be free to the public and visitors. Excellent. Well done. Very elegant conclusion. and this could not have been done without a sum of money expended on hiring professionals and buying equipment. Take some folk museums in Hong Kong. Admission to these folk museums. Clear and relevant main reasons and fully developed idea. If they had charged an entrance fee. The Hong Kong Space Museum.

Student Behaviour By Christopher Pell 3 Comments Here is a sample band 9 task 2 essay on the topic of student behaviour. however this can be tackled through a public education programme that promotes these values. In summary. It is also recommended that people should attend parenting classes before their child starts kindergarten. This essay will suggest that poor parenting is the root cause of this phenomenon and submit that a public awareness campaign is the most viable solution. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? In numerous nations educational institutions are facing serious difficulties with the conduct of their pupils. being rude and actively rebelling against rules and regulations. a recent study by Cambridge University found that 1 in 3 teenagers would refuse to comply with a rule if they didn’t agree with it. the United Kingdom recently lobbied their citizens to teach their children about the importance of respecting teachers and this resulted in a dramatic improvement. An effective advertising campaign could warn of the dangers of misbehaviour and hopefully raise awareness amongst the public. compared to just 1 in 8 in a similar study in 1990. widespread negative behaviour in the classroom has been caused by caregivers not instilling the values of deference and civility in their offspring. The principal cause of poor discipline in schools is poor discipline at home. The most practical solution to this problem is a government sponsored awareness campaign. followed by a reasoned conclusion. Many mothers and fathers either do not have the time or the skills required to teach their youngsters the value of manners and respecting authority. For example. This results in many young people not listening to their teachers. For example.You are here: Home / Writing Task 2 / IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample EssayStudent Behaviour IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay. . In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.