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WORK OVER SYSTEMS

KNOWLEDGE DOCUMENT
Remedial and Stimulation
Production Injection Packer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Work Over Systems Introduction


The Work Over Systems groups Remedial & Stimulation
(R & S) and Production Injection Packer (PIP) product
lines encompass equipment and services utilized in
many of the same applications that involve well
intervention:
To repair
To convert
To improve the performance of a oil, gas or water well
through out its life cycle.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

Work Over Systems Introduction


Some common applications performed with the R & S
and PIP products through out the wells life cycle are:
9 Surface Isolation
9 Pressure Integrity Testing
9 Plug and Abandonment
9 Production Testing
9 Secondary or Squeeze Cementing
9 Stimulation Operations

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

Work Over Systems Introduction


This is the common life cycle of a oil, gas or water well.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

WORK OVER SYSTEMS


KNOWLEDGE DOCUMENT
Packer Definitions

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Definition: Packer
A packer is a retrievable or permanent downhole tool

that provides a seal between the tubing and casing.


Minimum features include a sealing device, a holding

mechanism and an inside passage for fluids and gasses.


Internal setting and releasing mechanism may be
incorporated in the downhole tool or external devices for
setting and releasing may be required.

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Definition: Packer

Packers have a common operational sequence. The

setting mechanism is actuated; the holding mechanism


is then set enabling the sealing device to expand to
contact the wellbore inside diameter to form a pressure
and fluid flow seal.

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Definition: Sealing Device


The sealing devices, are rubber (elastomer) washer like

components called packing elements. The packing


elements are designed to expand from their original
outside diameter to the casing or open hole inside
diameter to form the pressure and fluid flow seal.
Other sealing devices used are packer cups.

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Definition: Holding Mechanism

The holding mechanism are components commonly

called slips, hold down buttons or anchors.

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Definition: Setting / Releasing


Mechanism?
The setting / releasing mechanisms can be an internal

mechanism in the packer.


Or external devices commonly called setting and

retrieving tools are used then retrieved from the well


upon installing, setting or upon releasing of the packer.

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Definition: Inside Passage

The inside passage for fluids and gasses can vary in

size.
This packer inside diameter, called the body or mandrel,

is generally sized to correspond to the tubing or


workstring inside diameter.

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Definition: Retrievable Packer

A downhole tool designed to be easily removed from the

wellbore. The setting / holding and releasing mechanisms


may be incorporated into the tool, or external releasing /
retrieving devices may be required.

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Definition: Permanent Packer

A downhole tool designed without internal releasing

mechanisms. The tool is constructed of materials to


enable the use of external milling / retrieving devices for
tool removal from the wellbore.

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Definition: Production Packer


A retrievable or permanent downhole tool used to

provide pressure and flow isolation during production


operations.
These tools are constructed with metallurgy and

elastomer compatible to the wells production


environment for long term applications.
Setting methods can be mechanical, hydraulic or with an

external hydraulic or electric setting device.

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WORK OVER SYSTEMS


PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Remedial and Stimulation

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Remedial & Stimulation Overview


Retrievable remedial and stimulation tools differ from

production packers in metallurgy used and are designed


to enable repeated short term workover applications as
rental tools.
Drillable remedial and stimulation tools are designed for

short term and permanent applications, but are readily


removable with conventional drilling / milling tools.

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Remedial & Stimulation Overview


RETRIEVABLE SERVICE TOOLS
Retrievable Service Packers
Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packers
Retrievable Bridge Plugs
Selective Stimulation Tools
DRILLABLE TOOLS
Drillable Cement Retainers
Drillable Bridge Plugs
Composite Tools
ROD PUMPING EQUIPMENT
Tubing Anchor Catcher

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Retrievable Service Packers


Commonly called squeeze packers. Retrievable

service packers utilize slips and hold down buttons to bite


into the casing to maintain position in the wellbore.
These tools are set with an internal setting / releasing

mechanism.
The modular design of the tools enables the combining of

a primary service tool with other service tools, or one or


more accessory tools to build a fit for application tool
system.

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Retrievable Service Packers


Functions as a stand alone tool or as

the primary tool in a system.


Mechanical operation.
Compatible accessory tools such as

tubing testers, control valves, surge


valves.
Compatible with retrievable bridge plugs

for tandem operations.

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Retrievable Bridge Plugs


A downhole tool used to isolate the lower portion of a

well.
Retrievable bridge plugs are used for purposes of

remedial operations in tandem with retrievable service


packers and temporary abandonment operations.
The tool can be set mechanically, hydraulically or with an

external hydraulic or electric setting device.

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Retrievable Bridge Plugs


Function is to isolate the lower portion
of a well.
Cup type and mechanical bridge
plugs are compatible with retrievable
service packers.
Multiple setting capability with the cup
and mechanical retrievable bridge
plugs.
Wireline Set RBP can be set and
retrieved in a live well application.

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Selective Stimulation Tools


Modular retrievable downhole tools used for debris

cleanup and injection applications of production


perforations.
Minimum features of these downhole tools include a

circulating or injection port straddled with elastomer


packing. The elastomer packing spacing is adjustable to
increase or decrease the perforation footage to be
treated.
Common companion tools used are slip or anchor

assemblies, circulation valves and injection control


valves.

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Selective Stimulation Tools


Function is perform circulating
debris cleanup and pin point
injection treatment of perforations.
Washing - Injection spacing is
variable per application.
Compatible with multiple injection
control valves and other
accessories tools.

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Drillable Tools
The modular design of cast iron products enables easy

conversion between functioning as a cement retainer or


as a bridge plug.
Mechanical, hydraulic or electric wire line setting

methods available per application requirement.


Cast iron and composite tools are designed for easy

removal with conventional drilling / milling tools.

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Drillable Cement Retainer


A permanent downhole tool used for remedial and

abandonment operations, incorporating an internal valve


mechanism to isolate pressure and flow from the lower
to the upper wellbore.
The internal valve mechanism is actuated by use of an

external shifting device or stinger.


The tool is set with an external mechanical, hydraulic or

electric setting device.

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Drillable Cement Retainer


Functions as a drillable or permanent tool
used for remedial or abandonment
operations that require cement to be
placed in the lower wellbore.
Contains an internal valve mechanism to
isolate pressure and flow from the lower to
the upper wellbore.
The internal valve mechanism is actuated
by the mechanical or hydraulic setting
tools and by a stinger sub.

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Drillable Bridge Plug

A permanent downhole tool used to isolate the lower

portion of a well for the purpose of recompletion or


abandonment operations.
The tool can be set mechanically, hydraulically or with an

external hydraulic or electric setting device.

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Drillable Bridge Plug


Primary functions as a permanent
tool used to isolate the lower portion
of a well for the purpose of
recompletion or abandonment
operations without cement in the
lower wellbore.
Can be used as a drill out temporary
abandonment tool or as an isolation
tool.

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Composite Tools
Composite tools function as cement retainers, bridge plugs
and frac plugs.
The tools are set electric wireline and hydraulically with an
external setting devices.
Constructed of a polymer matrix filled with carbon reinforcing
fibers enabling short term high pressure isolation performance
enabling efficient removal in under balanced well
environments.
Composite removal is done with conventional drilling / milling
tools.

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Composite Tools

Function is to provide short term high


pressure isolation performance and
efficient removal with conventional drilling
and milling products.

Available as bridge and frac plugs and


cement retainers.

The bridge and frac plugs function as


short term zonal isolation in under
balanced well environments during high
pressure stimulation operations.

The cement retainer enables drill out


with PDC bits.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Rod Pumping - Tubing Anchor Catcher


Functions is to:
Anchor the tubing string to prevent movement
during production.
Catch the tubing if parted on rod pumping
completions
Protect tubing from parted rod impact and cyclic
stress during pumping.

Mechanical set available.


TACDESIGN software for proper
operation.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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WORK OVER SYSTEMS


PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Production Injection Packer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Advantages Of Using PIP Products


Production Injection Packers (PIP) products are inflatable
packers used for many of the same applications as
Remedial and Stimulation products.
Some reasons for the use of a PIP instead of using an
R&S product include:
PIP smaller run in O.D. enable the tools to run through
restrictions and set in a larger I.D..
PIP ability to set and seal in irregular, eccentric, damaged
or corroded casing I.Ds.
PIP operate in both cased and open hole environments.

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Production Injection Packer Design


All PIP have common features including an inside

passage for fluid and gasses, inflatable element, and


a setting / releasing mechanism.
The element is inflated by hydraulic pressure from
the surface to seal and act as a holding device or
anchor in casing or open hole.
The PIP modular design enables the addition of
select components to convert the primary tool to a fit
for purpose application.

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Production Injection Packer Products


STANDARD PIP
Single Set PIP
Retrievable Service Packer
Retrievable Bridge Plug
Retrievable Straddle Packer System
Permanent Cement Retainer
Permanent Bridge Plug

Resettable PIP
Surface Controlled Inflate PIP
HYPERTM INFLATE SERVICE PACKER

BLUE WHALETM PIP


Resettable Service Packer
Retrievable Bridge Plug
Permanent Bridge Plug

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Single Set (SS) PIP


Functions as a stand alone tool or can be
combined with another tool for straddle
applications.
The SS PIP easily converted to function as:

Retrievable service packer


Retrievable bridge plug
Straddle packer system
Permanent cement retainer
Permanent bridge plug

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Resettable (RS) PIP


Functions as a stand alone inflatable
service packer only.
Capable of multiple sets in a single trip
before retrieval and redress.

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Surface Controlled Inflate (SCI) PIP


Functions as a permanent or temporary
completion packer requiring controlled
inflation pressure at all times.
Inflation controlled thru control line to the
surface.
Multiple packers can be combined for a
straddle completion or isolation
application.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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HYPERTM Inflatable Service Packer


Functions as a higher performance single set
PIP using a thru-tubing style element on a
standard PIP chassis.
Higher differential rating.
Smaller run-in O.D.
Larger element expansion.
H2S & Acid style element available.
L-80 or equivalent metallurgy available.
Compliant for NACE applications.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Blue Whale
The Blue Whale PIP may be easily

modified to function as a :
Resettable retrievable service packer
Retrievable bridge plug
Permanent bridge plug
Functions as a robust offshore
environment inflatable service tool.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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WORK OVER SYSTEMS


APPLICATIONS
Remedial and Stimulation
Production Injection Packer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Work Over Systems Applications


This section is to provide a basic understanding of
the scope of work performed with the Work Over
Systems products.
9 Name the 4 well life cycles.
9 Identify the potential WOS applications during the
individual life cycle.
9 Name the applicable Work Over System products.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

42

Work Over Systems Applications


The Work Over Systems groups R & S and PIP product

lines encompass equipment and services utilized in


many of the same applications that involve well
intervention:
To repair
To convert
To improve the performance of a oil, gas or water well
through out its life cycle.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

43

Work Over Systems Introduction


Some common applications performed with the R & S
and PIP products through out the wells life cycle are:
9 Surface Isolation
9 Pressure Integrity Testing
9 Plug and Abandonment
9 Production Testing
9 Secondary or Squeeze Cementing
9 Stimulation Operations

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

44

Work Over Systems Introduction


This is the common life cycle of a oil, gas or water well.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

45

Surface Isolation

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Bridge Plug

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Surface Isolation

Heavy duty retrievable service packers


and retrievable bridge plugs are used to
isolation a live well to test or repair the
BOPs Blow Out Preventers or well
head equipment.

BOP STACK
OFFSHORE BOP STACK
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Surface Isolation
Inflatable and retrievable

bridge plugs are used to


isolate a live or static sub
sea well bore to install or
removal the riser connecting
sub sea to the rig.

SUB SEA RISER


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BE
FO
RE

Surface Isolation
TH
E

ST
OR
M

Heavy duty retrievable service packers and inflatable bridge

plugs are used for live well suspension requiring immediate rig
evacuation due to storm conditions which may damage surface
or rig equipment. Commonly referred to as Hurricane Plug
applications.
RM
O
ST
E
TH
R
TE
AF

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Primary Cement - Testing and Repair

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Cement Retainer
9 Drillable Cement Retainer
9 Composite Cement Retainer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Primary Cement - Testing and Repair


During the drilling cycle, secondary cementing is done
primarily to repair primary cement jobs that affect well
control, to prevent blow outs, etc

LAND SURFACE BLOWOUT


SUB SEA BLOWOUT
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Primary Cement - Testing and Repair


The main objectives of the primary cementing of the
casing and liner includes:
Physical support of the casing and liner strings.
Protection of the casing and liner strings from corrosive
formation fluids.
Zonal isolation preventing the migration of fluids and or gases
in the annulus.

CHANNELS

CASING
CEMENT BOND
OPEN HOLE

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Primary Cement - Testing and Repair


Pressure integrity testing with retrievable service and
inflatable tools is one diagnostic method used to identify
problems with:
Surface pressure control equipment, BOPs , etc.
The integrity of the casing strings, liners, liner tops, casing shoe.

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Primary Cement - Testing and Repair


Some typical repairs performed during the

drilling cycle include:

Stopping lost circulation in open hole.


Repairing a leaking or wet casing shoe.
Liner top leak repair.
Repairing parted, split or leaking casings.
Repairing holes worn in the casing .
Complete annular cementing after lost circulation to
maintain well control.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Temporary Plug & Abandonment

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Bridge Plugs

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Temporary Plug and Abandonment


Retrievable bridge plugs are used to suspend template
drilled wells prior to installation of production facilities.

DRILLING TEMPLATE
PRODUCTION FACILITY
INSTALLATION ON TEMPLATE

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Permanent Plug & Abandonment

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Drillable Cement Retainer
9 Drillable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Cement Retainer
9 Permanent Inflatable Bridge Plug

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Permanent Plug and Abandonment


Drillable and inflatable cement retainers,
drillable bridge and inflatable permanent bridge
plugs are used for permanent abandonment
with non productive dry hole or economically
unfeasible well bore.

SC

P
HE &
M A
AT
IC

Cement retainers and bridge plugs are


used for plug back applications to
facilitate a side track operation.

SIDE TRACK WELLS


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Production Testing

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Service Packer w/Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Inflatable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Production Testing
Retrievable service packers are used for

tubing conveyed perforation (TCP) System for


under balanced perforating and zonal
production estimation.
Retrievable and inflatable service packers and

retrievable bridge plugs are used for formation


flow testing applications other than TCP
applications.

TCP
PRODUCTION FLARE
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Secondary Cementing

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Cement Retainer
9 Drillable Cement Retainer
9 Composite Cement Retainer

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Secondary or Squeeze Cementing


Typically when secondary cementing is performed
during the completion cycle to repair or improve the
primary cementing, which did not affect well control
during the drilling cycle.
Workover rig design is more economically and
physically suitable for secondary cementing type
operations.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Secondary or Squeeze Cementing


Retrievable and inflatable service packers and retrievable

bridge plugs along with all cement retainers are used to:
Complete the annular fill of cement in the casing or liner
strings. Raise the top of cement to isolate the production
zones.
Stop gas cutting or influx into the cemented annulus to
eliminate cross flow between zones.
Seal channels caused by improper drilling fluid displacement
or poor casing centralization.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Stimulation
APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Straddle Packer
9 Selective Stimulation Tools
9 Drillable Composite Bridge Plug
9 Drillable Composite Frac Plug

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Stimulation
Stimulation operations are performed during the

completion cycle to:


Enlarge existing or create new channels so that oil and gas can
more readily flow to the wellbore.
Create or expand fractures with interconnected channels for
adequate production.
Repair existing channels to the wellbore that may have been
damaged during the initial drilling process or during past
workover operations.
Remove production obstructions such as water, emulsion and
deposited solids.

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Stimulation
Stimulation operations may be performed during a wells

initial completion cycle to initiate production.


There are two basic stimulation methods.
Acidizing
Hydraulic Fracturing

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Acid Stimulation

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Straddle Packer
9 Selective Stimulation Tools

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Stimulation
There are three types of acid treatment methods:
Matrix Acidizing
Acid Fracturing
Selective Acidizing

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Matrix Acid Stimulation


Typically performed with retrievable and inflatable

service packers. Retrievable bridge plugs are used when


required for lower isolation.
Matrix acidizing is a technique where the treatment is

pumped at a rate and pressure below the formation frac


gradient, to avoid creating additional formation fractures.
This technique is used whenever formation damage is

present or whenever a water zone or gas cap is close


and fracturing might result in higher water or excessive
gas production.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Acid Frac Stimulation


Common application with retrievable and inflatable

service packers. Retrievable bridge plugs are used when


required for lower zone isolation.
Acid fracturing is the most widely used treatment in low

permeable formations.
This technique will hydraulically fracture the formation to

crack the rock while the acid will etch or dissolve a path
so that when the fracture closes a flow channel will
remain.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Selective Acid Stimulation


Selective applications are performed with inflatable

straddle and selective stimulations tool systems.


Retrievable and inflatable service packer and bridge plug

systems can also used with diverter agents such as


perforation sealer balls, etc..
This technique ensures that the entire formation or

distinct parts of a formation are stimulated.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Hydraulic Frac Stimulation

APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Drillable Composite Bridge Plug
9 Drillable Composite Frac Plug

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Hydraulic Frac Stimulation


Applications that use hydraulic pressure greater than the

formation frac gradient to create, enlarge and extend


channels from the wellbore into the formation rock to
increase a wells production.
Typically the channels are kept open with propping agents

such as sand, bauxite, etc..


Fracing is used in oil and gas production applications,

also in waterflood, CO2 injection and waste disposal


applications.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Hydraulic Frac Stimulation


Many hydraulic frac stimulations

are pumped down the casing,


without packers in place, or
without ID restrictions; they are
commonly called a casing frac.
This technique is used to reduce

the surface pumping horsepower


requirement and enable
placement of larger treatment
volumes at high pump rates.
FRAC TREE

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Hydraulic Frac Stimulation

Composite bridge plugs and frac plugs are used for


casing frac applications when multiple zones are
selectively fractured in natural gas environments.
Retrievable service packers and bridge plugs can be
used in some frac stimulation applications.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Rod Pumping Completion - Production

APPLICABLE PRODUCT
9 Tubing Anchor Catcher

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Rod Pumping Completion - Production


Rod pumping is an artificial production

method used to produce a non flowing oil


well.

The well fluid is lifted to the surface by a


downhole pump landed in the tubing string.

The pump is actuated by the up and down


motion of the pump jack on the surface
which moves the sucker rods up and down
to function the down hole pump.

The pumping action causes tubing


movement or breathing and buckling when
not anchored.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Rod Pumping Completion - Production


w/ Tubing Anchor Catcher
The Tubing Anchor Catcher functions to:
Anchor the tubing string to prevent movement

during production.
Catch the tubing if parted on rod pumping

completions.
Protect tubing from parted rod impact and cyclic

stress during pumping.

Mechanical set available.

TACDESIGN software for proper operation.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Rod Pumping Completion - Production


w/ Tubing Anchor Catcher
Additional benefits shown when TACDESIGN is
used are:
By anchoring the tubing correctly, the friction

between the tubing and sucker rods:

Reduces the tubing and rod wear and parting.


Reduces the pump jack size and operating
costs.
Reduces the pump plunger size.
Reduces the number of pumping strokes to
further reduce costs and expenses.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Secondary Cementing Production


APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Cement Retainer
9 Drillable Cement Retainer
9 Composite Cement Retainer

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Secondary Cementing - Production


Utilizing retrievable and drillable service packers and bridge

plugs during the production cycle, secondary cementing is


used to repair:
Casing pressure integrity.
Production efficiency.
Zonal isolation for recompletion of the well.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Secondary Cementing - Production


To maintain casing pressure integrity during the production

cycle, secondary cementing is performed to repair:


Deteriorated previously squeezed perforations.
Eroded or corroded casings.
Parted, split or leaking casing.

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Secondary Cementing - Production


Secondary cementing is used to improve production

efficiency by:
Preventing the migration, called cross flow, of fluids and or
gases in the annulus into other formations.
Reducing the water oil ratio. Following the squeeze job, the
well is re-perforated at a depth to reduce the flow of water.
Changing the oil - gas ratio. Following the squeeze job, the well
is re-perforated at a depth to reduce the flow of gas.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Secondary Cementing - Production


Secondary cementing is used during zonal isolation for

recompletion operations to:


Permanently abandon nonproductive zones, commonly called
plugging back, when the well is to be recompleted shallower in
the wellbore.
Complete the annular fill of cement in the casing or liner strings.
Raise the top of cement to isolate the new production zones.

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84

Stimulation
APPLICABLE PRODUCTS
9 Retrievable Service Packer
w/ Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Service Packer
9 Inflatable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Straddle Packer
9 Selective Stimulation Tools
9 Drillable Composite Bridge Plug
9 Drillable Composite Frac Plug

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Stimulation
Just as in the completion cycle the two basic stimulation

methods and equipment used to enhance a well during


the production cycle are:
Acidizing with retrievable service, inflatable and straddle packer

systems.
Hydraulic fracturing with composite bridge and frac plugs and

retrievable service tools systems.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

86

Permanent Plug Back

APPLICABLE SYSTEMS
9 Drillable Cement Retainer
9 Drillable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Cement Retainer
9 Permanent Inflatable Bridge Plug

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87

Secondary or Squeeze Cementing


Drillable and inflatable cement retainers are used for

secondary cementing during the production cycle to:


Permanently abandon nonproductive zones or the entire well
bore.
Seal off depleted zones from production intervals in multizone
completions.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

88

Secondary or Squeeze Cementing


Drillable and inflatable bridge plugs are used when

cement is not required below the plugs for plug back


applications to:
Permanently abandon nonproductive zones or the entire well
bore.
Seal off depleted zones from production intervals in multizone
completions.

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

89

Temporary Abandonment

APPLICABLE SYSTEMS
9 Heavy Duty Retrievable Service Packer
9 Retrievable Bridge Plug
9 Inflatable Retrievable Bridge Plug

2008 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All rights reserved. WO-KD#13.17.2008

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Plug and Abandonment


As during the drilling cycle temporary well bore

abandonment systems may be required because of:


Economic issue, the cost of operation is not offset by revenue
generate at the present time.

HU

N
A
IC
R
R

IN
R
T
KA

Environmental issue, flooding or other


natural disasters, etc.

Political issues, unstable


governments, etc.

DESERT STORM
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Work Over Systems Life Cycle


Applications

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