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StrategyforSociologyByMr.RajanvirSinghKapur(AIR
92)
InUncategorizedonJune20,2012at01:31
VoteofThanks
IhavetothankMr.RajanvirKapur(Rank92)forbeingverykindtosparesometimeandsharehis
strategyforSociologyindetailwithus.ImustmentionthatMrRajanvirhasgoneintominutedetails
andhehascompletedthiswriteupdespitethefactthathewasunwellformanydays.Hewilltryand
replytoanyqueriesyoupostbutpleasebearwiththedelayinhisresponses.Hehasscored
exceedinglywellinSociologyandsoIfeelhewillbeabletoguidethecandidatesmuchbeer.I
thankhimonbehalfofallthecandidatesonceagain.
SOCIOLOGY:WHATYOUWANTEDTOKNOWANDWHATYOUSHOULDKNOW!
RajanvirSinghKapur
Sociologyasasubjectishelpfulinmanyways.Agoodholdoverthesubjecthelpsyouimmenselyin
handlingthesocialissuesinGSastheknowledgecomeshandy.Evenintheessay,thereiscertainly
atleastonetopicfromSociology.Moreover,theinterviewalsohassubstantialportioninvolving
socialissuesandthesubjectisanassetinsuchacase.Apartfromallthese,onceyouenterthe
services,agoodholdoversocialrealitieshelpsyouatallstages.Forme,Sociologyhelpedatallthese
levelstoalargeextent.AsIamanengineer,Icanguideyoujustasmuchthatensuresagoodscore
andperformanceintheexam.
Iwillcovermyarticleinfashionoffewpivotalquestionswhichyoumayhave.Youhavesome
commonquestionsinyourmindandthefollowingpartofthearticlewilltrytohelpyousolvemany,
ifnotall.Herewego!
YOUMAYTHINK:Whichandhowmanybookstostudy?Howtomanagesuchahugereference
listandhowtocontrolsuchlargematerial?
ITHINK:Manypeople,especiallypeers,maysuggestyoutorefermultiplebookstounderstandthe
syllabus.But,Idieranddierforsure.Youshouldtrytolimitthesourceswhilestudyingbutmake
sureyoudothatextensively.Thereisasmalltricktothis.Thetrickisthatyoustudysomebasicstu,
letscallitPrimary.TheprimarymaterialshouldbeNCERTbooks,somefundamentalbookslike
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Harlembossforpaper1andY.SinghandR.Ahujabooksforpaper2.Inaddition,youbuythe

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StrategyforSociologyByMr.RajanvirSinghKapur(AIR92)|PrinceDhawan'sBlog

Harlembossforpaper1andY.SinghandR.Ahujabooksforpaper2.Inaddition,youbuythe
Secondarymaterialforreference.But,thesecondarymaterialshouldbeusedonlytorefersome
dicultissuesandforaddingvaluetoprimary.
Addingvaluetoprimarymeansextractingsomethinkersviews,casestudiesetc.Onceyouhave
readthePrimarymaterial,youshouldsearchandaddvaluefromsecondarymaterial.Youcan
simplylookforanynewinformation,casesandbooksandaddittoyourprimarymaterialnotes.You
shouldnotreadallthebooksdeeply.Rather,oneshouldreadfewwithdepthandthensimplyall
newthingsfrommultiplesources.Likethis,youranswersshallbecomprehensive,freshandwith
diverseknowledge.
YOUMAYTHINK:Whatshouldbemywritingstyle?Howtowritegoodanswersinsociology?
ITHINK:Writingstyleispivotalingeinggoodscoreandwritingniceanswers.Forsociology,the
keyistokeepthelanguagesimpleandbountiful.Bybountiful,Imeanthatyoushoulduse
extensivelyviewsofthinkers,casestudies,booksnamesetc.UnlikeasubjectlikePubAd,whereyou
canexpressyourviewsliberally,insociologyyoushouldusetheviewsandopinionsofthinkersand
sociologists.This,accordingtome,makestheanswerscredibleandscoring.But,thereisonecatch
here.Youshouldnotaddcasestudiesforthesakeofaddingonly.Theyshouldberelevanttothe
answerandshouldhelpitlikegoodsongsofagreatBollywoodmovie.Likethesongsthattakethe
storyforward,youranswershouldownaturallywiththehelpofthesereferencesetc.
YOUMAYTHINK:Thesyllabuslookshuge.HowdoIstudythesubject?Moreover,howdoI
studypaper1andpaper2inconnectedway?
ITHINK:ThebestpartofSociology,accordingtome,isthelinkagebetweenthetwopapers.One
shouldnotstudythetwopapersexclusivelybuttogetherinanintertwinedfashion.Oncethesyllabus
isstudiedlikethat,thesubjecttakeslesstimeandeorttomasteranddowellintheexam.Now,I
willdescribeabroadthemeforsuchlinkagethathelpedmeandwouldsurelyhelpyouaswell.To
easilycontrolasubjectlikesociology,Ipersonallycategorizedthewholesyllabusinto8slots.These8
slotsareindependentofpaper1or2andlinkcommontopics.Eventhequestionsintheexamask
questionsthatarelinkedasintheseslots.
Slot1INDEPENEDENTTOPICS:
(Thiscontainsindependenttopicswhicharenotmuchinterconnectedwithotherareasandcanbe
studiedseparatelyasaslot.)
PAPER1
1.SociologyTheDiscipline:
(a)ModernityandsocialchangesinEuropeandemergenceofsociology.
(b)Scopeofthesubjectandcomparisonwithothersocialsciences.
(c)Sociologyandcommonsense.
2.SociologyasScience:
(a)Science,scienticmethodandcritique.
(b)Majortheoreticalstrandsofresearchmethodology.
(c)Positivismanditscritique.
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(d)Factvalueandobjectivity.

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(d)Factvalueandobjectivity.
(e)Nonpositivistmethodologies.
3.ResearchMethodsandAnalysis:
(a)Qualitativeandquantitativemethods.
(b)Techniquesofdatacollection.
(c)Variables,sampling,hypothesis,reliabilityandvalidity.
PAPER2
A.IntroducingIndianSociety:
(i)PerspectivesonthestudyofIndiansociety:
(a)Indology(GS.Ghurye).
(b)Structuralfunctionalism(MNSrinivas).
(c)Marxistsociology(ARDesai).
(ii)ImpactofcolonialruleonIndiansociety:
(a)SocialbackgroundofIndiannationalism.
(b)ModernizationofIndiantradition.
(c)Protestsandmovementsduringthecolonialperiod.
(d)Socialreforms
(iii)TribalcommunitiesinIndia:
(a)Denitionalproblems.
(b)Geographicalspread.
(c)Colonialpoliciesandtribes.
(d)Issuesofintegrationandautonomy.
(vi)PopulationDynamics:
(a)Populationsize,growth,compositionanddistribution.
(b)Componentsofpopulationgrowth:birth,death,migration.
(c)Populationpolicyandfamilyplanning.
(d)Emergingissues:ageing,sexratios,childandinfantmortality,reproductivehealth.
Slot2THINKERS:
PAPER1
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4.SociologicalThinkers:

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4.SociologicalThinkers:
(a)KarlMarxHistoricalmaterialism,modeofproduction,alienation,classstruggle.
(b)EmileDurkheimDivisionoflabour,socialfact,suicide,religionandsociety.
(c)MaxWeberSocialaction,idealtypes,authority,bureaucracy,protestantethicandthespiritof
capitalism.
(d)TalcoltParsonsSocialsystem,paernvariables.
(e)RobertK.MertonLatentandmanifestfunctions,conformityanddeviance,referencegroups
(f)MeadSelfandidentity.
Slot3STRATIFICATION,CASTEANDCLASS:
PAPER1
5.StraticationandMobility:
(a)Conceptsequality,inequality,hierarchy,exclusion,povertyanddeprivation
(b)TheoriesofsocialstraticationStructuralfunctionalisttheory,Marxisttheory,Weberiantheory.
(c)DimensionsSocialstraticationofclass,statusgroups,gender,ethnicityandrace.
(d)Socialmobilityopenandclosedsystems,typesofmobility,sourcesandcausesofmobility.
PAPER2
(ii)CasteSystem:
(a)Perspectivesonthestudyofcastesystems:GSGhurye,MNSrinivas,LouisDumont,Andre
Beteille.
(b)Featuresofcastesystem.
(c)Untouchabilityformsandperspectives
(iv)SocialClassesinIndia:
(a)Agrarianclassstructure.
(b)Industrialclassstructure.
(c)MiddleclassesinIndia.
Slot4WORK,ECONOMICLIFE,AGRICULTURE,INDUSTRY:
PAPER1
6.WorksandEconomicLife:
(a)Socialorganizationofworkindierenttypesofsocietyslavesociety,feudalsociety,industrial
/capitalistsociety.
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(b)Formalandinformalorganizationofwork

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(b)Formalandinformalorganizationofwork
(c)Labourandsociety.
PAPER2
(ii)RuralandAgrariantransformationinIndia:
(a)Programmesofruraldevelopment,CommunityDevelopmentProgramme,cooperatives,poverty
alleviationschemes.
(b)Greenrevolutionandsocialchange.
(c)ChangingmodesofproductioninIndianagriculture.
(d)Problemsofrurallabour,bondage,migration.
(iii)IndustrializationandUrbanisationinIndia:
(a)EvolutionofmodernindustryinIndia.
(b)GrowthofurbanselementsinIndia.
(c)Workingclass:structure,growth,classmobilization.
(d)Informalsector,childlabour
(e)Slumsanddeprivationinurbanareas.
Slot7POLITICS,WESTERNANDINDIAN:
PAPER1
7.PoliticsandSociety:
(a)Sociologicaltheoriesofpower
(b)Powerelite,bureaucracy,pressuregroups,andpoliticalparties.
(c)Nation,state,citizenship,democracy,civilsociety,ideology.
(d)Protest,agitation,socialmovements,collectiveaction,revolution.
PAPER2
(iv)PoliticsandSociety:
(a)Nation,democracyandcitizenship.
(b)Politicalparties,pressuregroups,socialandpoliticalelite.
(c)Regionalismanddecentralizationofpower.
(d)Secularization
Slot8RELIGION,WESTERNANDINDIAN:
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PAPER1

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StrategyforSociologyByMr.RajanvirSinghKapur(AIR92)|PrinceDhawan'sBlog

PAPER1
8.ReligionandSociety:
(a)Sociologicaltheoriesofreligion.
(b)Typesofreligiouspractices:animism,monism,pluralism,sects,cults.
(c)Religioninmodernsociety:religionandscience,secularization,religiousrevivalism,
fundamentalism.
PAPER2
(vi)ReligionandSociety:
(a)ReligiouscommunitiesinIndia.
(b)Problemsofreligiousminorities.
Slot9FAMILY,KINSHIP,MARRIAGE:
PAPER1
9.SystemsofKinship:
(a)Family,household,marriage.
(b)Typesandformsoffamily.
(c)Lineageanddescent
(d)Patriarchyandsexualdivisionoflabour
(e)Contemporarytrends.
PAPER2
(v)SystemsofKinshipinIndia:
(a)LineageanddescentinIndia.
(b)Typesofkinshipsystems.
(c)FamilyandmarriageinIndia.
(d)Householddimensionsofthefamily.
(e)Patriarchy,entitlementsandsexualdivisionoflabour.
Slot10SOCIALCHANGE:
PAPER1
10.SocialChangeinModernSociety:
(a)Sociologicaltheoriesofsocialchange.
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(b)Developmentanddependency.

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(b)Developmentanddependency.
(c)Agentsofsocialchange.
(d)Educationandsocialchange.
(e)Science,technologyandsocialchange.
PAPER2
(i)VisionsofSocialChangeinIndia:
(a)Ideaofdevelopmentplanningandmixedeconomy.
(b)Constitution,lawandsocialchange.
(c)Educationandsocialchange.
(v)SocialMovementsinModernIndia:
(a)Peasantsandfarmersmovements.
(b)Womensmovement.
(c)Backwardclasses&Dalitmovement.
(d)Environmentalmovements.
(e)EthnicityandIdentitymovements.
(vii)ChallengesofSocialTransformation:
(a)Crisisofdevelopment:displacement,environmentalproblemsandsustainability.
(b)Poverty,deprivationandinequalities.
(c)Violenceagainstwomen.
(d)Casteconicts.
(e)Ethnicconicts,communalism,religiousrevivalism.
(f)Illiteracyanddisparitiesineducation.
Inanutshell,ifyoustudythesyllabusinthese10slots,thenitwillbeeasiertorevise,makenotesand
alsotoanswerappliedquestions.Mostoftheappliedquestionsnowadaysmakeuseofsuchlinkages
andstudyingthesubjectinthisfashionmakesthejobveryeasyindeed.Thishelpedme
tremendouslyandIamsureitwouldbebenecialforyoutoo.
YOUMAYTHINK:HowdoImakesuremyexamtemperamentisgood?HowdoInallyrevise
suchhugesyllabusandgetgoodscore.
ITHINK:Foramazingperformance,yousurelyneedgreatexamtemperament.Ibelievethatgreat
examtemperamentcomesfromthefactthatyouknowthatyouhaverevisedwellandyouaresureof
yourpreparation.Now,forthis,justimaginetwoscenarios.

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Scenario1:YourSociologyMainsexamisjust2daysaway.Youwanttodowell,butarevery

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StrategyforSociologyByMr.RajanvirSinghKapur(AIR92)|PrinceDhawan'sBlog

Scenario1:YourSociologyMainsexamisjust2daysaway.Youwanttodowell,butarevery
confused.Thereare20books,15notebooksand100sofleaetsfromcoachingkeptonyourstudy
table.Youhavemarkedandhighlightedbutstillyouneedalotoftimegoingthroughsomanypages.
YoupraytoGodandstartstudying.
OR
Scenario2:YourSociologyMainsexamisjust2daysaway.Youwanttodowell,andyouaresure
youwill.Thereare20books,15notebooksand100sofleaetsfromcoachinginyourbag.But,your
studytablejusthasthose80sheetsyoupreparedasNOTESforlasttimerevision.Youhavealready
gonethroughthenotes5timesandyoustillplantogothroughthemalotoftimestomakesureyou
doexceedinglywell.YoupraytoGodandstartstudying.
So,mydearfriends,youcanverywellimaginewhatwillhappeninlastfewdaysbeforetheexam.
ThekeytohavegreatperformanceisgreatrevisionwhichispossiblethroughgreatNOTES.You
should,beforeatleast1monthbeforetheMains,prepareshortnotesforentiresyllabus.Theseshould
beconcise,complete,crispyandclear.Thiswillenableyoumultiplelasttimerevisions.Thatwill
ensurethatyouarecomfortablyintheScenario2andyougotheexamhallbeamingwithcondence
andthatwillreectinyouranswersandresult.
Ihopethearticlehelped.Lastly,IsincerelycongratulatePrinceDhawanforsuchawonderful
endeavortohelpaspirants.Allthebestfriends!Incaseyouhaveanyquery,Iwouldtrymybestto
reachback.Thanksandgoodluck!
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