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Illustrating the worlds refugee hotspots: Europe

The countries they flee from and the hosts Hosting just 16% of the worlds
that shelter them, all in one map refugees, Europe has increased the

Top 50 origin countries of Top 50 host countries of


number of displaced people it hosts by
14,000 to 1,648,000 over the past year.
Germany, with 600,000 refugees, and
1,022,494 Where do Afghanistans refugees go?
For the last three decades, Afghanistan has been the
to Iran
UNHCR-monitored refugees UNHCR-monitored refugees leading country of origin for refugees. Currently,
the UK, with 270,000, are the biggest
hosts, while refugees from Iraq, Serbia 2.9m Afghans are living in one of 71 host countries,
Internally displaced people Paleastinian refugees
Norway Sweden and Turkey are the largest groups though 96% are located in Iran and Pakistan. Their
monitored by UNHCR monitored by UNRWA
37,826 positions as countries with the most refugees are
81,356 almost solely due to Afghans crossing their borders

30,320 Others include:


Denmark 20,355 to Germany 9,383 to Netherlands
8,528 to India
Russia 23,658
Canada 6,401 to Austria
169,434
UK 109,455 to UK
5,664 to Australia
269,363 5,026 to Denmark
Netherlands
76,008 Afghanistan
Germany Ukraine
24,522 2,887,123
US 593,799 Asia and Pacific
275,461 France Refugee numbers in the Asia and Pacific
Serbia region grew by 7.2% to 3.9m, making it
196,364 Azerbaijan the host of 37% of the worlds refugees.
Haiti 86,351 Three-quarters of the refugee popula-
24,116 16,939 tion are Afghans, while 200,000 new
195,626
Switz. refugees from Burma were accepted by
Costa Rica 19,116 46,203
Austria
Croatia
Montenegro
Georgia 15,020
18,000 Armenia Iran Bangladesh

38,906 76,478
24,019

Venezuela
Italy
54,965
Bosnia
70,018 Turkey 72,774 1,739,935
15,711 to Pakistan
Colombia 146,387 China
201,313
389,753 Albania 180,558
1,070,488 Tibet 20,080 300,989
Burma
406,669
Nepal
108,461
Syria
Bhutan
Ecuador 89,070 Vietnam
116,557 Pakistan 339,289
17,914
India
Americas Middle East and North 35,132 Thailand
The region with the smallest number of Africa 1,054,466 19,514
Bangladesh 105,297
refugees, at just over 810,000 people. Iraq 228,586 17,025
Cambodia
Colombians consitute the largest
proportion, with Ecuadors acceptance
The 15% fall in refugee numbers, to just
over 2m, is mainly attributed to a 1,740,711 185,323
of over 25,000 refugees from guerilla revised estimate of Palestinians in Saudi Malaysia
and drug violence. The US, with 275,000 Arabia. Some 100,000 departing Iraqis 66,137
35,218
refugees, is the regions largest host from Jordan and Syria also outnum- 18,213 Indonesia
bered the arrival of 32,000 Somali Sri Lanka
country
refugees in Yemen. Crucially, the 145,721
Lebanon
UNHCR figure does not include the
4.8m Palestinians living in camps in 16,260 1,785,212 22,548
the occupied territories - which are run 50,413 Australia
by another UN body, UNRWA
Israel
17,736 Jordan
450,756
Occupied
Algeria Egypt Palestinian
Western Territory
94,137 94,406
Sahara 95,201
116,474 Yemen
26,795 170,854
39,143 Who are the forcibly displaced? World refugees under UNHCR
Mauritania

Total
Senegal Chad 10.4m 15.2m
10,396,540 Europe

Sierra Leone 16,305


Eritrea 11.5m Under UNHCR Refugees
724,602
Middle East, North Africa
Internally displaced 1,647,443
15,417
22,151
55,014
209,168 Somalia people not under
UNHCR
Shown above
2,099,697
Guinea 2,005,920
10,920 678,309
43.3m
Togo Americas
Liberia 23,153
24,604 338,495 465,275
71,599
Ivory
14,893 18,378
Sudan Ethiopia
TOTAL
4.8m 812,332
Asia and Pacific
4,276,792
Palestinian
Coast Ghana 15,609 Nigeria 62,889 refugees under 3,855,991
186,292 UNRWA
CAR 121,886
Cameroon 368,195 15.6m Rest of Africa
27,047 Internally displaced 2,627,624
14,766 people under UNHCR
2,074,854
99,957 159,554 27.1m Shown below
983,000 Various/Other
Uganda
Kenya IDPs Asylum seekers
202,550
Congo
Africa 127,345 358,928 Unknown
20,544

3,304,000
Just over 2m refugees live in Africa,
after a decrease of 1.5%, the ninth
111,411
DR Congo
consecutive annual fall. The naturalisa-
tion of 150,000 Burundians into 185,809 Internally displaced people (IDPs), end 2009
Tanzania and repatriations in Sudan and Rwanda
Rwanda offset the 280,000 new 455,852 54,016 Stateless
27.1m people are displaced by conflict within their own countries.
Total under UNHCR
Of these, 15.6m are looked after by the UNHCR. Colombia, with

15,627,900
refugees created by renewed conflict in
129,109 Tanzania 3.3m, has the most IDPs, while renewed conflict in the Congo and

1,034,100

2,052,700
Somalia and the Congo Dem Rep 15,866 Pakistan have created 2.1m and 1.9m in those countries last year.
118,731

1,894,600
Iraq and Uganda saw significant falls, as people returned home
Burundi

586,000

1,522,000

1,550,000
Zambia

446,300
434,900

519,100
399,000
24,967

250,000
246,900

297,100
224,900
56,785
197,000
170,500
100,000

105,700

Angola
113,600

94,239
81,900
67,300

22,449
141,021
2,300

South Zimbabwe
Africa
47,974
Croatia Burma Russia* Burundi Bosnia Georgia* Chad CAR Serbia Georgia Yemen Afghanistan Kenya Sri Lanka Uganda Ivory Coast Azerbaijan Sudan Iraq Somalia Pakistan Congo Colombia
* includes people in IDP like situation SOURCE: UNHCR GRAPHIC: SCRUTON, MCCORMICK, SHEEHY