how to pray as a muslim (salat) | Salat | Islamism

SALAH

(The Second Pillar of Islam)

A. Introduction :
The second pillar of Islam ( after shahadah ) is
performing Salah (prayer). The Muslim is enjoined to
perform five obligatory prayers every day to keep
himself in relation with his Lord, to invoke and
implore Him, and to refrain himself from committing
lewdness or indecency. These prayers not only
ensure psychological rest to the Muslim in this
present life, but they also pave the way to him to
gain eternal happiness in the hereafter.
To perform prayer, one should be clean, wearing
clean clothes and perform prayer in a clean place.
The Muslim should always cleanse himself by pure
water. He should remove all traces of stool, urine, or
any other dirt. Before prayer the Muslim should
perform Wudu (ablution).
Prayer is the pillar of religion. It succeeds in
importance the Shahadah Therefore, it is not only a
duty on the Muslim to observe performing prayers
from his maturity up to his death, but he should also
order his household to perform it. He should also
order his children to start practicing it from the time
when they are 7 years old so that they may be
accustomed to perform it. Allah Says: " _-- ~-'آ ة>~-ا نإ
'-:-:- '-'-آ ó---:--ا " ء'~--ا : ª-' ó- 103
" Performing prayers at fixed times has been
enjoined on the believers.” (Qur’an 4:103 ) .
The prophet (SAW) said: “The obligation which
distinguishes between us and the unbelievers is
prayer ”.
Prayer is a duty on the Muslim in all circumstances.
Even if he is sick or frightened he should perform his
daily prayers, standing, sitting or even lying.
The five obligatory daily prayers are the Morning
Prayer (Fajr), the noon prayer (Dhuhr), the
afternoon prayer (Asr), the evening prayer
(Maghrib) and the night prayer (Ishaa).
The time due to Morning Prayer begins at true dawn
and extends until the sun rises. It should not be
delayed beyond this span of time. The time for noon
prayer starts from the Zawal (a little after the sun
passes the meridian) and extends till one’s shadow
becomes equal to its own length plus the length of
its noon- time shadow. The time enjoined for
afternoon prayer starts after the end of noon-prayer
time and extends until the sun turns yellow. One
must hasten to perform it while the sun is still
bright. The time for Maghrib prayer begins soon
after sunsets and lasts till the disappearance of the
twilight. Its performance should not be delayed. The
time for Ishaa prayer begins after the disappearance
of the twilight and lasts till midnight. If a Muslim
delays one of these five prayers, he commits a
grievous sin. He should turn to Allah in repentance
and refrain himself from recommitting it. The Qura’n
warns those who delay their prayers from its fixed
times" ن:ه'~ -+->~ ó- -ه ó---ا ó--~--- J-:- " ª-7ا ن:-'--ا ةر:~ 4 - 5
“Woe unto those who pray but delay their prayers
from its stated fixed time” (Quran 107: 7-4).
B. Performance of Wudoo (Ablution) :
Wudoo is the act of washing those parts of the body
that are generally exposed. The water should be
pure clean and fresh with no change in its colour,
taste and smell. Wudoo is done as follows:
1-Make a full intention of performing the Wudu for
offering prayer and recite.
"--=:-ا ó-=:-ا =ا -~-"
“Bismillahir – rahmanir – raheem“,
TRANSLATION :
(in the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Most
Merciful).
2.Wash hands up to the wrists three times,
passing the fingers in between each other.




3.Rinse your mouth with water three times.


4.Rinse the nostrils with water, sniffing up water
( with the right hand ) and blowing it out ( with
the left hand ).


5.Wash the face from the forehead to the chin
bone and from ear to ear three times.

6.Wash the right arm followed by the left up to
elbows three times. ( the right arm three times
and then the left three times )

7.Brush up the whole head with wet hands.

8.Pass the wet tips of the index fingers inside and
the wet tips of the thumbs outside the ears.

9.Wash the feet up to the ankles three times. The
right foot is washed first and then the left, taking
care to wash in between the toes.

Notes :
*The same Wudoo may be used for several prayers.
However, if a Muslim urinates, defecates, passes
wind or loses his consciousness for any reason after
Wudu he should re-perform it again before prayer.
*If a Muslim is in a state of major impurity
(discharged semen in erotic dreams, or practiced
intercourse … etc), he should clean his body by
taking a bath. Women also should carry out this
cleansing bath to purify themselves after
menstruation or childbirth.
*Allah has disburdened women and exempted them
from performing prayer during menstruation and
childbirth till blood stops (for a maximum of 40 days
according to some scholars or 60 days according to
others, in the case of childbirth).
*If a Muslim is in a desert area or on a journey and
finds no water, or if he fears that using water will
harm him (because of sickness), he is permitted to
purify himself by using good clean earth or sand
instead of water. This is called, Tayammum,
(purification with earth). It is done in the following
way: you intend by heart to perform it, then you
strike the dust (or sand) with your hands and wipe
your hands over your face, your right hand by your
left hand and your left hand by your right hand.
Purification with earth is also permissible to women
after the period of menstruation or confinement if
water is not available, or if its could harm them.




C. Performance of Salah :
A prayer consists of either two ( like fajr ) , three
( like maghrib ) or four ( like dhuhr , asr and ishaa )
Raka’at ( Raka'at means : a unit of salah )
A Raka’at is performed in the following way:
1.Stand erect, facing the direction of Ka’aba in
makkah, and make the Niyyah (the intention) in
your heart of what prayer you are about to offer,
Raise both hands up to the ears and say:
":-آا =ا "
“Allahu - Akbar”, ( Allah is the Greatest ).

2.place the right hand upon the left below the chest
and above the navel.

3.Recite the Opening Chapter of the Holy Qura’n
(al- Fatihah):
" --=:-ا ó-=:-ا =ا -~- . ó---'·-ا بر = --=-ا . --=:-ا ó-=:-ا . ó---ا م:- 4-'- . --·- ك'-إ
ó-·-~- ك'-إو . ا ----~--ا طا:~-ا '--ه . :-- -+--- ~-·-أ ó---ا طا:~ ا Vو -+--- ب:~·--
ó--'~-ا " ó--' .
" Bismillahir-Rahmanir- Raheem .Alhamdu lillahi
rabbil aalameen. Ar-Rahmanir-Raheem. Maliki
yawmid-deen. Iyyaka na’abudu wa iyyaka nasta'een.
Ihdinas-siratal mustaqeem. Siratal-ladhina an'amta
alayhim. Ghairil maghdoobi alayhim walad-
daaaaaaleen (aameen). "

The meaning of this glorious surah can be translated
as follows:
“In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Most-
Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
The Compassionate The Most–Merciful. The Master
of the Day of Judgment. You Alone we worship, and
you Alone we ask for help. Show us the straight way.
the way of those whom you have blessed, who have
not incurred your displeasure, nor gone astray.” .
These verses of Qur'an, and all other verses, should
be recited in The Arabic language.
Then recite a passage from the Holy Qur’an. For this
purpose any one of the small chapters may be
selected as, for instance, the chapter termed, ‘The
Unity,”
--=:-ا ó-=:-ا =ا -~-
" -=أ =ا :ه J- ` --~-ا =ا ` --:- --و --- -- ` -=أ ا:-آ ª- ó-- --و "

Bismillahir- Rahmanir- Raheem
“Qul Huwallahu ahad. Allahus- samad. Lam Yalid
walam yoolad. Walam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad”.
Translation :
In the Name of Allah the Compassionate, the Most
Merciful
“Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah, the eternally
besought of all. He begets not nor is He begotten.
And there is none comparable Unto Him“.
4.Say: “Allahu-Akbar” and bow down in Rukoo and
say thrice:
" ·-ا ¸-ر ن'=-~ --= "
Subhana Rabbiyal-adheem (How glorious is my Lord
the Great).


5.Assume the standing position, letting the hands
remain on the sides and say:
" ---= ó-- =ا ¿-~ "
" --=-ا 4-و '--ر "
" Sami’allahu liman hamidah , Rabbana waLakal –
hamd "
(Allah has listened to him who has praised Him; Our
Lord, praise be to thee)

6.Saying” Allahu-Akbar” and prostrate to perform
the Sajdah, saying thrice:
" _--Vا ¸-ر ن'=-~"
Subhana Rabbiyal-aala (how glorious is my lord , the
Most High)

7.Raise yourself sitting for a which in a reverential
posture, termed Jalsah and say once.
" ¸--=را و ¸- :--ا -+--ا"
" Allahummagh-firlee warhamnee ". (O Allah !
forgive me and have mercy upon me).


8.Perform the second sajdah exactly in the same
way as the first one. This finishes the first Raka’at.

9.Say “ Allahu Akbar ", stand erect once again,
repeat all that done in the performance of the first
Raka’at. (note : after Al-Fatihah you can recite
again the chapter termed " The Unity " or any
other verses if you have memorized more of the
Qur'an )
10.After the second Raka’at's second Sajdah is
over, say “Allahu-Akbar” and sit down in the
reverential posture and recite the " tashah-hud " :
" ª-'آ:- و =ا ª-=رو ¸---ا '+-أ 4--- م>~-ا ت'--=-ا و تا:-~-ا و = ت'-=--ا . '---- م>~-ا
ó-=-'~-ا =ا د'-- ¸-- و . -+~أ --=- نأ -+~أ و =ا Vإ ª-إ V نأ ا ª-:~ر و ---- "
“At-tahiyyatu lillahi wassalawatu wat-tayyibat.
Assalamu alaika ayyuhan-nabyyu warahmatul-lahi
wabarakatuh. assalamu alaina wa’ala ibadillahis-
saliheen. Ash-hadu alla ilaha illallahu wa ash-hadu
anna Muhammadan abduhoo warasooluh”.

Translation :
" All Worships and praises are for Allah . Allah's
peace be upon you, O prophet, his mercy and His
blessings too. Peace be on us and on all righteous
servants of Allah. I testify that there is no God save
Allah and testify that Muhammad is His servant and
messenger. "


This finishes the second Raka’at.
What is after these two rak'at ?

In fajr prayer :

Stay sitting and say :

" ¸-- ~--~ '-آ --=- ل' ¸--و --=- ¸-- J~ -+--ا _--و --ها:-إ --ها:-إ ل' ، كر'-و
--ها:-إ ل' ¸--و --ها:-إ ¸-- ~آر'- '-آ --=- ل' ¸--و --=- ¸-- إ ، --=- ---= 4- "

“Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama sallayta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. wabarik ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama barakta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. innaka hamidun majeed”.

Translation :
" O, Allah have mercy on Muhammad and those
related to Muhammad, just as You had mercy on
Ibrahim and on those related to Ibrahim. O, Allah
bestow Your blessings on Muhammad and on those
related to Muhammad as You had bestowed it on
Ibrahim and those related to Ibrahim. Surely, You
are The Praisworthy, The Great.”


Then turn your face to the right and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "
And turn your face to the left and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "


Here fajr prayer is complete



In dhuhr , asr , ishaa prayers :

After the jalsah of the second rak'at and reciting the
" tashah-hud " stand up again, and complete two
other Raka’ats as the case may be ( but recite only
Al-Fatihah without any other verses after ) , sit
down in the reverential posture and recite :
" " ª-'آ:- و =ا ª-=رو ¸---ا '+-أ 4--- م>~-ا ت'--=-ا و تا:-~-ا و = ت'-=--ا . '---- م>~-ا
ó-=-'~-ا =ا د'-- ¸-- و . -+~أ --=- نأ -+~أ و =ا Vإ ª-إ V نأ ا ª-:~ر و ---- ، J~ -+--ا
¸-- ~--~ '-آ --=- ل' ¸--و --=- ¸-- _--و --ها:-إ --ها:-إ ل' ، --=- ¸-- كر'-و ¸--و
--ها:-إ ل' ¸--و --ها:-إ ¸-- ~آر'- '-آ --=- ل' إ ، --=- ---= 4- "
“At-tahyyatu lillahi wassalawatu wat-tayyibat.
Assalamu alaika ayyuhan-nabyyu warahmatul-lahi
wabarakatuh. assalamu alaina wa’ala ibadillahis-
saliheen. Ash-hadu alla ilaha illalahu wa ash-hadu
anna Muhammadan abduhoo warasooluh .
Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama sallayta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. wabarik ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama barakta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. innaka hamidun majeed”.



Translation :
" " All Worships and praises are for Allah . Allah's
peace be upon you, O prophet, his mercy and His
blessings too. Peace be on us and on all righteous
servants of Allah. I testify that there is no God save
Allah and testify that Muhammad is His servant and
messenger . O, Allah have mercy on Muhammad and
those related to Muhammad, just as You had mercy
on Ibrahim and on those related to Ibrahim. O, Allah
bestow Your blessings on Muhammad and on those
related to Muhammad as You had bestowed it on
Ibrahim and those related to Ibrahim. Surely, You
are The Praisworthy, The Great.”


Then turn your face to the right and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "
And turn your face to the left and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "


Here dhuhr , asr or ishaa prayer is complete

In maghrib prayer :


After the jalsah of the second rak'at and reciting the
" tashah-hud " stand up again, and complete one
other Raka’at as the case may be ( but recite only
Al-Fatihah without any other verses after ) , sit
down in the reverential posture and recite :
" " = ت'-=--ا ª-'آ:- و =ا ª-=رو ¸---ا '+-أ 4--- م>~-ا ت'--=-ا و تا:-~-ا و . '---- م>~-ا
ó-=-'~-ا =ا د'-- ¸-- و . -+~أ --=- نأ -+~أ و =ا Vإ ª-إ V نأ ا ª-:~ر و ---- ، J~ -+--ا
¸-- ~--~ '-آ --=- ل' ¸--و --=- ¸-- _--و --ها:-إ --ها:-إ ل' ، ¸--و --=- ¸-- كر'-و
=- ل' --ها:-إ ل' ¸--و --ها:-إ ¸-- ~آر'- '-آ -- إ ، --=- ---= 4- "
“At-tahyyatu lillahi wassalawatu wat-tiyyibat.
Assalamu alaika ayyuhan-nabyyu warahmatul-lahi
wabarakatuh. assalamu alaina wa’ala ibadillahis-
saliheen. Ash-hadu alla ilaha illalahu wa ash-hadu
anna Muhammadan abduhoo warasooluh .
Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama sallayta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. wabarik ala Muhammadin wa’ala aali
Muhammadin kama barakta ala Ibrahima wa’ala aali
Ibrahim. innaka hamidun majeed”.


Translation :
" All Worships and praises are for Allah . Allah's
peace be upon you, O prophet, his mercy and His
blessings too. Peace be on us and on all righteous
servants of Allah. I testify that there is no God save
Allah and testify that Muhammad is His servant and
messenger . O, Allah have mercy on Muhammad and
those related to Muhammad, just as You had mercy
on Ibrahim and on those related to Ibrahim. O, Allah
bestow Your blessings on Muhammad and on those
related to Muhammad as You had bestowed it on
Ibrahim and those related to Ibrahim. Surely, You
are The Praisworthy, The Great.”


Then turn your face to the right and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "
And turn your face to the left and say :
" =ا ª-=رو ----- م>~-ا "
" Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah "
Translation :
" peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah "


Here maghrib prayer is complete

Note : in salah man and woman both should cover
the awrah

Awrah :is a term used within Islam which denotes the parts of
the body that are not meant to be exposed in public .

May Allah accept from all ☺ ☺☺ ☺

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