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MEHB323 Heat Transfer

1.

The plane wall with constant properties and no internal heat generation is initially at a
uniform temperature Ti. Suddenly the surface at x = L is heated by a fluid at T having a
convection heat transfer coefficient h. The boundary at x = 0 is perfectly insulated.

(a) Write the differential equation, and identify the boundary and initial conditions that
could be used to determine the temperature as a function of position and time in the
wall.

( ) =

|
=
=

|
= [() ]
=
(, ) =
(b) On T - x coordinates, sketch the temperature distributions for the following conditions:
initial condition (t 0), steady-state condition (t ), and two intermediate times.
2.

Consider a spherical container of inner radius r1, outer radius r2, and thermal conductivity.

(a)

Derive a general relation for the temperature distribution, T(r) inside the shell under
steady-state condition.

(b)



( )

( ) +

Derive the general equation for the rate of heat transfer, q by using the relation
derived in part (a).

(c)

() =

= [


( )

The container is filled with radioactive waste which generates heat consistently. The
radii of the container are 8 cm and 10 cm with the thermal conductivity of the shell
material is 45 W/mK. If the inner and outer surface temperature of the shell are
200C and 80C, respectively, calculate the rate of heat generation in MW/m3.
= .

MEHB323 Heat Transfer


3.

The temperature distribution in a slab (kslab = 45 W/m.K) of 0.5 m in length is given by


T(x) = 100 + 200x 500x2, where x is in meters. Determine:
(a) Temperature at both end-surfaces.
T(x = 0) = 100C
T(x = 0.5) = 75C
(b) Heat flux at both end-surfaces.
"= =

"

=. =

(c) Volumetric heat generation inside the slab.


=

4.

Consider a long electrical wire of radius r1 and thermal conductivity of k1 in which


volumetric heat is generated uniformly at a constant rate as the result of resistance heating.
The wire is embedded in a plastic cover with thickness of t and thermal conductivity of k2.
The outer surface of the plastic cover loses heat to the ambient air at T and convection
heat transfer coefficient h. Assuming one-dimensional steady-state heat conduction in the
radial direction,
(a) Write the simplified form of the heat equation for the plastic cover.

(
)=

(b) Express appropriate boundary conditions (in symbolic form) for the solution of the
equation in part (a).
At r = r1: =
At r = r2: -

= +

= [ ( + ) ]

(c) Express the equation for calculating maximum temperature inside the plastic cover.
12
r2
12
, = ( ) =
ln ( ) +
+
2
r1
2
5.

Heat is generated uniformly in a stainless steel plate having thermal conductivity of 20


W/mK. The thickness of the plate is 10 mm and heat generation rate is 500 MW/m3. Both
sides of the plate are maintained at 200C and 100C, respectively. Determine:
(a) The position and value of maximum temperature.
x = 0.0046 m (x = 0 on the left wall)
Tmax = 464.5C
(b) Heat transfer from the both sides of the plate.
"= = .

"

=. = .

MEHB323 Heat Transfer


6.

Consider a long electrical wire of radius r1 and thermal conductivity of k1 in which


volumetric heat is generated uniformly at a constant rate as the result of resistance heating.
The wire is embedded in a plastic cover with thickness of t and thermal conductivity of k2.
The outer surface of the plastic cover loses heat to the ambient air at T and convection
heat transfer coefficient h. The temperature at the plastic-wire interface is known to be at
Tint. Assuming one-dimensional steady-state heat conduction in the radial direction,
(a) Write the simplified form of the heat equation for the electrical wire.

(
) + =

(b) Express appropriate boundary conditions (in symbolic form) for the solution of the
equation in part (a).
At r = 0:

At r = r1: ( ) =
(c) Express the equation for calculating maximum temperature inside the electrical wire.
12
, = () =
+
41
7.

One-dimensional, steady-state conduction with uniform internal energy generation occurs


in a plane wall with a thickness of 60 mm and a constant thermal conductivity of 5 W/mK,
as shown in the figure below. The temperature distribution for these conditions had the
form T(x) = a + bx + cx2. The surface at x = 0 has a temperature of To = 150C and
experiences convention with a fluid at which T = 20C and h = 500 W/m2K.

Considering the surface at x = L to be well-insulated, determine:


(a) The volumetric energy generation rate, (W/m3)
= .

(b) The coefficients a, b and c in the prescribed temperature distribution above.


a = 150C; b = 1.3104 K/W; c = -1.08105 K/m2